Palikir

Palikir (/ˈpælɪˌkɪər/) is a town with about 4,600 people and the capital of the Federated States of Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.[2][3][4] It is part of the much larger Sokehs municipality, which had a population of 7,000 as of 2009, out of the nation's total population of 106,487. It is situated on the northwest side of Pohnpei island (population 33,000), a high volcanic island surrounded by a fringing coral reef. Nearby to the northeast is the island's largest settlement, the coastal town of Kolonia.[5]

Palikir
Palikir (in north-western side) within the island of Pohnpei
Palikir (in north-western side)
within the island of Pohnpei
Coordinates: 6°55′2″N 158°9′32″E / 6.91722°N 158.15889°ECoordinates: 6°55′2″N 158°9′32″E / 6.91722°N 158.15889°E
Country F.S. Micronesia
State Pohnpei State
MunicipalitySokehs
Population
 (2009)
 • Total4,645
Time zoneUTC+11[1]
ClimateAf

History

Pohnpei was ruled by tribal chiefs in ancient times. Palikir was formerly a tiny village of little consequence. The island of Pohnpei was discovered by the Portuguese and Spanish in the 15th century, but colonial settlement did not occur until 1886 by the Spanish. Later Germany attained the Caroline Islands via purchase from Spain at the end of the Spanish–American War in 1898. During World War One control passed to the Japanese. During World War II, the Japanese built an airport near Kolonia.[6] Subsequent to World War II, the island was administered by the United States Government until FSM attained independence in 1979.[7] The government of the Federated States of Micronesia decided to convert the Palikir area into a town to house the central administration of the islands as a purpose built capital city. It was declared the capital of Micronesia in 1989.[8] US aid of US $15 million was made available to develop the site into a modern town.[9] All government offices, some residential houses, and the residence of the President of the Federated States of Micronesia were built. It is now the hub of the federal administration of the country, despite still being a village with a population of 4,645.[7][10]

Geography

Palikir is located in the northwestern centre of Pohnpei Island (formerly known as Ponape). Geologically the island terrain consists of high mountains to low coral atolls.[11] It is the largest, highest, wettest and most scenic island of the Federated States of Micronesia.[9] Palikir is 8 kilometres (5 miles) southwest of Kolonia, which is Pohnpei's largest town and state capital of Pohnpei State.[2] Underwater reefs are found all round the coastal region of the island.[3] 9 kilometres (6 miles) to the southeast, Mount Nanlaud is the highest point of the Federated States of Micronesia and of Pohnpei at 2,566 feet (782 m) [12] as indicated on the definitive USGS 1:25,000 scale topographic survey.[13] Palikir is surrounded by heavily wooded forest. It was declared the capital of Micronesia in 1989.[8]

Climate

Palikir features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification. However as a trade-wind climate which besides knows frequent cyclones it is not equatorial. Common to many areas with this climate, Palikir sees very little variance in its temperatures during the course of the year, averaging roughly 27 °C (81 °F) daily throughout the year. However, the town sees an extraordinary amount of precipitation during the course of the year. On average 4,800 millimetres (190 in) of rainfall falls on Palikir annually.[11]

Demographics

The nationality of the people is Micronesian with the most common ethnicities being Chuukese, Kosraen, Pohnpeian, and Yapese. English is the common and official language while each of the major islands have their own local language such as Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, and Kosrean. 96% of the population is Christian with Roman Catholicism being the majority religion at over 50% of the population. The city has been categorized as having a "high degree of hardship with a typical hardship premium of 30%" from an international perspective.[11][15]

Administration

Palikir is the federal capital of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), which attained independence from, and remains since in free association with, the United States in May 1979. FSM has a constitutional government headed by a president.[7]

Economy

The economy of the capital city is reflected in the economic resources of the FSM Islands (600 islands, atolls and islets (including Pohnpei Island)[16]) as a whole. The economy of the island consists basically of subsistence farming and fishing[6][7] (fish processing and aquaculture). Tropical agricultural and plantation products like copra, breadfruit, taro, betel nuts, sweet potatoes, casava, tropical fruits and vegetables, trochus shells, cacao and rice are produced. Livestock farming exists, fe. pigs and poultry being raised. Products such as fish, bananas, black pepper, and garments are mainly exported to Japan. Imported items are food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment and beverages.[7][11]

The country is independent, but in fact depends on financial support stemming from its Compact of Free Association with the US. As of 2012 the inflation rate was 2% and the cost of living (for imported goods) in Palikir is reportedly very high in comparison with other places in the world.[11]

Education

Pohnpei State Department of Education operates public schools:

  • Palikir Elementary School[17]

Bailey Olter High School (former Pohnpei Island Central School or PICS) in Kolonia serves students from Sokehs.[18]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Current local time in Palikir". Time and Date. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Micronesia, Federated States of" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Archived from the original (pdf) on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Pohnpei: underwater reef". Kids.britannica.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  4. ^ "National Government". FSM Government. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
  5. ^ "Palikir". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Pohnpei". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Micronesia, Federated States of". Ducksters.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Palikir". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  9. ^ a b David Leonard (1 July 2001). Diving the Pacific: Volume 1: Micronesia and the Western Pacific Islands. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 152–. ISBN 978-962-593-499-0. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Palikir, capital of Micronesia".
  11. ^ a b c d e "Micronesia, Palikir Overview". xpatulator.com. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  12. ^ "Mount Nanlaud". GeoNames. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  13. ^ "Ponape South". US Geological Survey. 1983. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Palikir Federated States of Micronesia". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on 7 May 2013
  15. ^ "Micronesia, Federated States of". CIA Fact Book, theodora.com. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  16. ^ "Micronesia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  17. ^ "Pohnpei Schools." Pohnpei State Department of Education. Retrieved on February 23, 2018.
  18. ^ "Secondary Division." Pohnpei State Department of Education. Retrieved on February 23, 2018.
Athletics at the 2014 Micronesian Games

Athletics competitions at the 2014 Micronesian Games were held at the Pohnpei Track and Field in Palikir, Pohnpei, between July 21–24, 2014.A total of 38 events were contested, 19 by men and 19 by women.

China–Federated States of Micronesia relations

Diplomatic relations between China and the Federated States of Micronesia were established on September 11, 1989. The Chinese government first established an embassy in the capital of Palikir in 1990, and dispatched its first ambassador in 1991. Initially, the Micronesian ambassador to Tokyo, Japan also served as Micronesia's ambassador to China, before Micronesia established an embassy in Beijing in 2007. President John Haglelgam was the first senior government agent from Micronesia to visit China, doing so in 1990. The current Chinese ambassador to Micronesia is Zhang Weidong, while the Micronesian ambassador to Beijing is Akillino H. Susaia.

Department of Education (Federated States of Micronesia)

Federated States of Micronesia Department of Education (FSM NDOE or FSMED) is the national education department of the Federated States of Micronesia. It is headquartered in Palikir, Pohnpei, Pohnpei State.

Department of Transportation, Communications and Infrastructure (Federated States of Micronesia)

The Department of Transportation, Communications & Infrastructure (T&CI or DTC&I) is a government department of the Federated States of Micronesia. Its headquarters are on the second floor of the Kaselehlie Building in the national government complex in Palikir, Pohnpei State (on Pohnpei Island).The Division of Civil Aviation (DCI) focuses on aviation issues. The agency conducts aviation accident and incident investigations.

Federated States of Micronesia

The Federated States of Micronesia ( (listen); abbreviated FSM and also known simply as Micronesia) is an independent republic associated with the United States. It consists of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands (a combined land area of approximately 702 km2 or 271 sq mi) that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2,700 km (1,678 mi) just north of the equator. They lie northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshall Islands, east of Palau and the Philippines, about 2,900 km (1,802 mi) north of eastern Australia and some 4,000 km (2,485 mi) southwest of the main islands of Hawaii.

While the FSM's total land area is quite small, it occupies more than 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi) of the Pacific Ocean, giving the country the 14th largest Exclusive Economic Zone in the world. The sovereign island nation's capital is Palikir, located on Pohnpei Island, while the largest city is Weno, located in the Chuuk Atoll.

Each of its four states is centered on one or more main high islands, and all but Kosrae include numerous outlying atolls. The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided among several countries. The term Micronesia may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole.

The FSM was formerly a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), a United Nations Trust Territory under U.S. administration, but it formed its own constitutional government on May 10, 1979, becoming a sovereign state after independence was attained on November 3, 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Other neighboring island entities, and also former members of the TTPI, formulated their own constitutional governments and became the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Republic of Palau (ROP). The FSM has a seat in the United Nations and has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1983.

Kolonia

Kolonia is a coastal town and the capital of Pohnpei State in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). It was also the former FSM capital before being replaced by Palikir in 1989, located nearby to the southwest in the municipality of Sokehs. It has 6,074 people.

Law enforcement in the Federated States of Micronesia

Defense of the Federated States of Micronesia is the responsibility of the United States, but local police matters are handled by the FSM National Police, a small federal national police force, a division of the Department of Justice.

Th FSM National Police is the law enforcement arm of the FSM national government, with specific mandated duty to enforce fishery laws, the Controlled Substance Act, the Weapons Control Act, Search and Rescue, protection of government officials and visiting foreign diplomats, and laws that are national in nature or crimes against the government.

Other functions include medical evacuation, assistance in disaster relief operations, emergency communications and technical support and training state law enforcement agencies.

The National Police is managed and administered from its headquarters at the capital, Palikir. The Maritime Wing, an integral unit of the National Police, is situated at the dock in Dekehtik, Pohnpei.

The Federated States of Micronesia also have state police departments for Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk, and Yap, as well as municipal departments for Kitti, Kolonia, Madolenihmw, Nett, Sapwuahfik, Sokehs and U on Pohnpei; Polle, Fono, Losap, Nema, Udot, Uman and Tol in the Chuuk chain; and Tafunsak on Kosrae.

The Federated States of Micronesia has provided police officers to the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands since March 2006.

Federated States of Micronesia Police officer Kelly Samuel is contingent commander of the FSM police serving as part of RAMSI's Participating Police Force (PPF).

The Chuuk Department of Public Safety acting director is Jimmy Emilio, the Pohnpei DPS director is Benito Cantero, the Pohnpei police chief is Kerley Araceley, and the Pohnpei Division of Correction and Rehabilitation chief is Yoster Donre.

List of Federated States of Micronesia records in athletics

The following are the national records in athletics in Micronesia maintained by Micronesia's national athletics federation: Federated States of Micronesia Athletic Association (FSMAA).

List of Micronesian Games records in athletics

The Micronesian Games records in athletics are set by athletes who are representing one of the 10 Micronesian Games Council member federations at the Micronesian Games. The games are quadrennial events that began in 1969. The list is compiled from the Athletics Weekly webpage courtesy of Tony Isaacs, and from the Oceania Athletics Association webpage. Dates and some relay teams were determined from the national records publication of the Oceania Athletics Association, from the Pacific Islands Athletics Statistics, from the Marshall Islands Journal, and from the 2006 and 2010 results lists.The record assignment for the sprints and jumps is tentative, because there is almost no wind information.

List of Northern Mariana Islands records in athletics

The following are the national records in athletics in Northern Mariana Islands maintained by Northern Mariana Islands' national athletics federation: Northern Marianas Athletics (NMA).

List of ambassadors of China to the Federated States of Micronesia

Chinese Ambassador to the Federated States of Micronesia

The Chinese ambassador in Palikir is the official representative of the government in Beijing to the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia.

List of ambassadors of the Federated States of Micronesia to China

The Micronesian ambassador in Beijing is the official representative of the government in Palikir to the Government of China.

List of diplomatic missions in the Federated States of Micronesia

This is a list of diplomatic missions in the Federated States of Micronesia. At present, the island of Pohnpei hosts 4 embassies. One of these (that of China) is located in the capital city of Palikir, while the other three are located in nearby Kolonia (which was formerly the capital and is still the island's largest town). 19 other countries have missions accredited from other capitals, mostly in Suva and Manila.

Newton (Martian crater)

Newton is a large crater on Mars, with a diameter close to 300 km. It is located south of the planet's equator in the heavily cratered highlands of Terra Sirenum in the Phaethontis quadrangle. The crater was named in 1973 by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN) in honor of British physicist Sir Isaac Newton.

Palau national football team

The Palau national football team is the national football team of Palau. The team is not affiliated with FIFA or a local confederation. The team play their home games at the Palau National Stadium in the town of Koror City.

Pohnpei

Pohnpei "upon (pohn) a stone altar (pei)" (formerly known as Ponape or Ascension) is an island of the Senyavin Islands which are part of the larger Caroline Islands group. It belongs to Pohnpei State, one of the four states in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Major population centers on Pohnpei include Palikir, the FSM's capital, and Kolonia, the capital of Pohnpei State. Pohnpei Island is the largest (334 km²), with a highest point (almost 800m), most populous (34,000 people), and most developed single island in the FSM.

Pohnpei also contains a wealth of biodiversity. It is also one of the wettest places on Earth with annual recorded rainfall exceeding 7,600 millimetres (300 in) each year in certain mountainous locations. It is home to the ka tree (Terminalia carolinensis) found only in Pohnpei and Kosrae.

Rachel Abrams (athlete)

Rachel Abrams (born 13 July 1995) is a sprinter from the Northern Mariana Islands.

She first competed internationally in the 60 metres at the 2012 IAAF World Indoor Championships in Istanbul where set a personal best time of 8.31 seconds. Four months later she competed in the 100 metres at the 2012 World Junior Championships in Athletics in Barcelona. Racing three days before her 17th birthday, Abrams set a new personal best of 13.05 seconds.In 2014, she raced in the 60 metres at the World Indoor Championships when shaved 0.01 seconds off her personal best and in July she won five medals at the Micronesian Games in Palikir, Federated States of Micronesia. She won the 200 metre event in new Games record time of 26.29 seconds, the 100 m hurdles in 17.50 seconds and the high jump in 1.38 metres. Her two silver medals were won in the 100 metres and the 4 × 100 m relay. She also finished 8th in the shot put.

Sokehs

Sokehs is a village and municipality on the main island in the state of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia.

It is the location of Palikir, the federal capital.

The namesake Sokehs Peninsula is located north of the main island.

Solar eclipse of February 14, 1915

An annular solar eclipse occurred on February 14, 1915, also known as “The 1915 Valentine’s Day eclipse”. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. Annularity was visible from Australia, Papua in Dutch East Indies (today's Indonesia), German New Guinea (now belonging to Papua New Guinea), and South Pacific Mandate in Japan (the parts now belonging to FS Micronesia and Marshall Islands, including Palikir).

Climate data for Palikir, Pohnpei
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(87)
31
(87)
31
(87)
31
(87)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(87)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(76)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(74)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 300
(11.8)
264
(10.4)
361
(14.2)
447
(17.6)
493
(19.4)
434
(17.1)
445
(17.5)
422
(16.6)
410
(16.1)
411
(16.2)
401
(15.8)
410
(16.1)
4,798
(188.8)
Source: Weatherbase[14]
History
Geography
Politics
Economy
Culture
Capitals of Oceania
Australasia
Melanesia
Micronesia
Polynesia

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.