Palgrave, Ontario

Palgrave is a Compact Rural Community and unincorporated place in the Town of Caledon, Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada.[1][4][5][6] It is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of Bolton and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northwest of Toronto. Palgrave is located east of Orangeville, south of Alliston, west of Newmarket and north of Brampton.

Compact Rural Community
Palgrave is located in Southern Ontario
Location in Southern Ontario
Coordinates: 43°56′55″N 79°50′2″W / 43.94861°N 79.83389°WCoordinates: 43°56′55″N 79°50′2″W / 43.94861°N 79.83389°W[1]
Regional MunicipalityPeel
Received current name1869
 • Total1.86 km2 (0.72 sq mi)
Elevation295 m (968 ft)
 • Total1,044
 • Density560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern Time Zone)
Postal code FSA
Area code(s)416, 647, 437
NTS Map030M13


Palgrave is situated on the Oak Ridges Moraine, a 160-kilometre (99 mi) long ridge of hilly terrain created by retreating glaciers depositing large quantities of sand and gravel sediments.[7] The moraine is a primary source for many river systems in this part of southern Ontario. The nearby Palgrave Moraine intersects the Oak Ridges Moraine, and ultimately merges with it to the east, at the western boundary of King Township.[7] The Humber River flows west of Palgrave. Several creeks and swampy ponds are found in the area and a former mill pond lies to the northwest.[7] Mount Wolfe, one of the highest hills in the area, is located east of the town.[7]

  • Population (2006): 830 persons in 274 households[8]
  • Population (2011): 1002 persons[2]
  • Population (2016): 1044 persons in 396 households[2]
  • Name of inhabitants: Palgravian
Fern grove in Palgrave


Palgrave elm tree hotel
Palgrave's Elm Tree Hotel ca. 1914. The building is currently a dental office.

Palgrave was originally called Buckstown after Brian Dolan, nicknamed Barney or Buck.[9] He managed the Western Hotel after it was built in 1846. In 1869, postal authorities renamed the community Palgrave.[10]

In 1877 Hamilton & North-Western Railway was constructed through the centre of Palgrave, from the southwest to the northeast. This railway was taken over by the Grand Trunk Railway in 1888, and later absorbed by Canadian National Railways. Much of the track throughout this region was damaged by flooding in 1954 as a result of Hurricane Hazel and had to be rebuilt. Palgrave was a flag station on the CNR. Although there was a station with a passenger waiting room, the Agent at this location was removed in 1931. The station was located on the west side of the track (west of Hwy 50). Scheduled passenger service ended in July 1960 and the station was removed shortly thereafter. The rails over this section were removed in 1986.

In 1906 the Canadian Pacific Railway was constructed from Bolton towards Muskoka. This line passes to the east of Palgrave and remains as part of the CP mainline between Toronto and Sudbury.

Canadian artist David B. Milne (1882–1953) lived in Palgrave for a short time from 1929 to 1932 and painted a number of scenes there.[11] His work Kitchen Chimney depicts a view of the town's Elm Tree Hotel and is part of the collection of the National Gallery of Canada.

Small housing developments were built around Palgrave in the 1950s, followed by estate home development and subdivisions beginning in the late 1960s.

Places of interest

Palgrave was bisected by a line of the Hamilton & North-Western Railway (mentioned above). The line was abandoned by CN in 1986 and has since been rehabilitated and incorporated into a multi-use regional recreational trail which is part of the Caledon Trailway, The Great Pine Ridge Trail and the Trans Canada Trail.[12] The Bruce Trail, one of Ontario's major recreational hiking trails, passes the town roughly 1.5 km to the west.

Palgrave is home to the Caledon Equestrian Park,[10] which played host to the equestrian portion of the 2015 Pan American Games. Many Equestrians who regularly horse show at the Caldeon Equestrian Park refer to the facility itself as Palgrave.

The Church Public Inn "in the heart of the financial district" is a farm to fork restaurant in the former St. Alban's Anglican church (1865) designated heritage in 2012.[13] Terence Cutts is the current owner.

The Albion Hills Conservation Area is located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of the town and offers picnicking, camping, hiking trails, swimming, mountain biking and cross-country skiing.[10]

The Palgrave Forest and Wildlife Area lies on the northwest periphery of the town and offers trails for hiking and cross-country skiing. EfstonScience, an astronomy and science retail store in Toronto, Ontario, holds evening observing sessions at this Conservation Area.[10]

In 1963, Walt Disney Productions filmed the family movie "Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey" in Palgrave.

Notable people

  • Skye Sweetnam - Singer, raised in nearby Cedar Mills.
  • Frank Grelo - Internationally known riding master from the Spanish School of Riding.
  • Farley Mowat - Canadian author, naturalist and adventurer.[14]
  • E.B. Cox - Internationally known sculptor and artist (1914-2003). Contemporary and friend of the Group of Seven[15]
  • Jim McGugan - Writer, of Josepha, Project Egg, and Bridge 6[16]


Nearest communities


  1. ^ a b "Palgrave". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ a b c d Statistics Canada. 2017. Palgrave [Population centre], Ontario and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017. link (accessed July 7, 2018).
  3. ^ Elevation taken from Google Maps at coordinates. Accessed 2018-07-07.
  4. ^ "CLAIMaps IV". Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines. 2016. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  5. ^ Map 3 (PDF) (Map). 1 : 700,000. Official road map of Ontario. Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. 2016-01-01. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  6. ^ Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #6 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  7. ^ a b c d "Oak Ridges Trail Association :: Caledon - Palgrave Forest (Hwy 50)". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Town of Caledon Population Distribution: June 30 2006" (PDF). Town of Caledon. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  9. ^ Enterprise, Caledon. "The history of Palgrave". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  10. ^ a b c d "Palgrave". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  11. ^ "David B. Milne". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Caledon Trailway". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Caledon, Ont.: Toronto's country playground". St. Catharines Standard. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  14. ^ Enterprise, Caledon. "Goodbye to Palgrave's Farley Mowat (Column)". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Obit: sculptor E. B. Cox (1914-2003) |". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  16. ^ "JIM McGUGAN". Retrieved 15 December 2016.

External links

1943 Saint-Donat RCAF Liberator III crash

The 1943 Saint-Donat Liberator III Crash was an aerial accident that killed 24 people‍—‌the worst accident in Canadian military aviation history.During a routine flight from Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador to Mont-Joli, Quebec, a combination of inclement weather and a mapping error caused the Liberator to collide with the Black Mountain (French: Montagne Noire), killing all those on board. The wreckage was discovered accidentally more than two years later.

Today, a hiking trail leads to the site where remains of the aircraft can still be seen along with numerous plaques detailing the accident and a monument honouring those who died.

Albion Hills Conservation Area

Albion Hills Conservation Area (AHCA) is located in the Town of Caledon within the Regional Municipality of Peel. AHCA is located eight kilometers north of Bolton, off of Highway 50 at 16500 Highway 50, Palgrave, Ontario. It is owned and managed by the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA). AHCA sees about 120,000 visitors each year, who visit the conservation area for mountain biking, camping, swimming, special events, cross-country skiing and more.With over 446 hectares (1,200 acres) of largely forested land located completely within the Humber River Watershed in the headwaters of the Oak Ridges Moraine, AHCA is recognized as a key natural heritage site. Located on-site is the first-ever residence for the Palgrave area, a historical log cabin built by the Jefferson family in 1833.

AHCA opened its doors in 1955, and since then has been recognized as the first Conservation Facility in Ontario. AHCA is also home to one of the largest breeding grounds for Herons in Southern Ontario.

Located on-site are two educational field centres that students can visit as a part of their educational curriculums. AHCA also features a community farm which employs sustainable agricultural practices while providing the surrounding community with local and ethically produced food.

AHCA is also home to a 2.5 acre man-made lake. Boat rental is on-site.

FEI World Cup Jumping 2008/2009

The FEI World Cup Jumping 2008–09 will be the 31st edition of the premier international show jumping competition run by the FEI. The final held at the Thomas & Mack Center in Las Vegas, Nevada from April 15, 2009 to April 19, 2009. Meredith Michaels-Beerbaum of Germany was the defending champion, having won the final the previous year (2007–08) in Gothenburg, Sweden.

Homer (film)

Homer is a 1970 Canadian-American drama film directed by John Trent and starring Don Scardino, Tisa Farrow and Alex Nicol.


Palgrave may refer to:

Palgrave, Ontario, Canada

Palgrave, Suffolk, England

Palgrave (surname)

Palgrave Macmillan, an academic publishing company

Sporle with Palgrave, Norfolk, England

Rahim Jaffer

Rahim Nizar Jaffer (Urdu: رحيم جعفر‎; born December 15, 1971) was a Canadian politician. He served in the House of Commons of Canada from 1997 to 2008, representing the Alberta riding of Edmonton—Strathcona as a member of the Conservative Party. He was the first Muslim elected to the Canadian Parliament. Jaffer became embroiled in a national controversy in 2010 after he appeared to receive "a break" from the justice system after being charged with drunk driving and possession of cocaine.

The Incredible Journey (film)

The Incredible Journey is a 1963 live-action Walt Disney film based on the novel The Incredible Journey by Sheila Burnford. Narrated by Rex Allen, the film follows the adventure of three pets, Luath the Labrador Retriever, Bodger the Bull Terrier, and Tao the Siamese cat (Syn), as they journey 250 miles (400 km) through the Canadian wilderness to return to their home.

Syn Cat was also in the title role of the Disney film That Darn Cat! (1965).

The film was mostly praised for its nature scenes and for Rex Allen's narration. However, the human scenes, including the climactic ending, met with mixed to negative reception for disrupting the mood of the film.

Toronto bid for the 2008 Summer Olympics

Toronto 2008 was one of the five short-listed bids for the 2008 Games, presented by the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Toronto received permission to represent Canada from the Canadian Olympic Association (chosen over Vancouver).

On January 16, 2000, the bid committee received a financial support guarantee from the province of Ontario, and it was sent to the IOC along with the bid book.Toronto's bid was led by a Toronto citizen John Bitove, a businessman and founder of the Toronto Raptors of the NBA. The bid focused the Olympic events on a compact area along the city's Lake Ontario waterfront. The Olympic village would have been built on reclaimed industrial areas, and the city's plans called for construction of a new rapid transit network connecting the venues.The evaluation committee spoke highly of Toronto's bid. In particular, they noted the city's financial plan, the concentration of athletes into a central Olympic area, and existing transportation infrastructure as positives. The Evaluation Report stated that

By June 2001, Toronto and Beijing were in close competition for selection as the host city. That month, the mayor of Toronto, Mel Lastman, made a derogatory remark about the city of Mombasa, Kenya, just before a trip to that country to lobby IOC officials. The comment provoked controversy around the world, and particular concern among African delegates to the IOC. Press reports suggested that the comments may have influenced the decision of the IOC.It was the second time that Toronto had lost a bid to host a Summer Olympics, as they bid for the 1996 Games, but lost to Atlanta. But two years later, the Canadian city of Vancouver bid to host the 2010 Winter Olympics and won.

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