Palanpur

Palanpur is a city and a municipality of Banaskantha district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Palanpur is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Palanpur
City
Kirti Stambh, a tower commemorating the history of the town and its former ruling dynasty
Kirti Stambh, a tower commemorating the history of the town and its former ruling dynasty
Palanpur is located in Gujarat
Palanpur
Palanpur
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 24°10′N 72°26′E / 24.17°N 72.43°ECoordinates: 24°10′N 72°26′E / 24.17°N 72.43°E
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictBanaskantha
Elevation
209 m (686 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total140,344
 • Rank25th (Gujarat)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
385 001
Telephone code+91 2742
Vehicle registrationGJ-08

Etymology

Palanpur in early times is said to have been called Prahladana Patan or Prahaladanapura after its founder Prahladana, mentioned in Jain texts. It was afterwards re-peopled by Palansi Chauhan from whom it took its modern name. Others say that it was founded by Pal Parmar whose brother Jagadev founded nearby Jagana village.[1]

History

The Jain texts mentions that Prahladana, brother of Paramara Dharavarsha of Abu, founded Prahladanapur in 1218 and built Prahladana-vihara dedicated to Pallaviya Parshwanatha.[2] The town was re-peopled ruled by Chauhans around thirteenth century. At the start of the seventeenth century, the Palanpur State was taken over by Jhalori dynasty of Pashtun Lohani tribe which was founded in 1373 and ruled from Jhalor. The dynasty came into historical prominence during the period of instability that followed the demise of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 18th century. It was overrun soon afterwards by the Marathas; the Lohanis followed the trend of seeking recourse in the British East India Company against them and finally entered the subsidiary alliance system in 1817, along with all other neighbouring states, becoming a British protectorate.[1] After independence of India in 1947, Palanpur State was dissolved in 1949 and merged with Union of India as a part of Bombay State. Subsequently Palanpur became the capital of Banaskantha district of Gujarat.[3]

Geography and climate

Palanpur is located at 24°06′N 72°15′E / 24.10°N 72.25°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 209 metres (685 ft).

Climate

In Summer, it is hot and humid with an average temperature of 42 Degrees with hot sandy winds. The temperature of Palanpur sometimes reaches up to 46 Degrees. However just before monsoon it becomes swelteringly hot along with humidity. In Winter, it's 5 to 15 degrees, which is quite cold as compared to other cities in Gujarat and in Monsoon, the average rainfall is about 20 to 30  inches per season.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[5] Palanpur had a population of 1,40,344. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Palanpur has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94%, and female literacy is 78%. In Palanpur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Population growth through the years
Year Population
1941
20,300
1951
22,600
1961
29,100
1981
61,300
1991
90,300
2001
122,300
2011
141,592

Source:[6] Source:[7]

Places of interest

Jorawar Palce Aerial View Palanpur Gujarat 1936
An aerial view of Jorawar Palace, 1936
Mira Gate, Palanpur
Mira Gate, the only surviving gate of city walls
King George 5th Club
King George V Club

In 1750 (Samvat 1806), Bahadur Khan built a brick and mortar city-wall, the Nagarkot of Palanpur. It was 3 miles round, 17 to 20 feet high and 6 feet broad with seven bastioned gateways, and, at the corners, round towers armed with guns. The gateways of the city-walls were Delhi Darwaja, Gathaman Darwaja, Malan Darwaja, Mira Darwaja, Virbai Darwaja, Salempura Darwaja, Sadarpur Darwaja or Shimla Darwaja. Only Mira Darwaja survives today.

Sher Muhammad Khan attended the coronation ceremony of King George V in Delhi in 1910 and built a club named after him in 1913. In 1918, his successor Tale Muhammad Khan constructed Kirti Stambh, a 22 metre tower near the railway station commemorating the gallantry of his father and the history of town and his dynasty. He also built Balaram Palace between 1922 to 1936 and later Jorawar Palace (Currently used as Judicial Court) also. In 1939, he also built Shashivan, formerly Jahanara Baug, a garden to commemorate his second marriage with a daughter of an Australian businessman.

The old marketplaces are Nani Bazar, Moti Bazar and Dhalvas. Apart from Shahshivan, Chaman Bag is a major public garden in the town. Early Jhalori ruler Malik Mujahid Khan built Mansarovar, a lake dedicated to his queen Manbai Jadeja, in 1628.

Mithi Vav

Mithi Vav floors, Palanpur
Mithi Vav

Mithi Vav, a stepwell is the oldest surviving monument of town. It is situated in the eastern part of the town. The five storey stepwell can be entered from the west. Based on its architectural style, it is believed that it is constructed in late medieval period but the sculptures embedded in the walls may belong to earlier period. The sculptures include that of Ganesha, Shiva, Apsaras, dancing figures, worshiping couples and floral or geometrical patterns. A worn out inscription found on one sculpture embedded in left wall can not read clearly but the year Samvat 1320 ( 1263 AD) can made out.[8]

Temples

Kirtistambh of Palanpur Gujarat
Kirti stambh

Palanpur has several temples dedicated to Hinduism and Jainism.

Hindu Temples

The Chaulukya dynasty ruler Jayasimha Siddharaja of Anhilwad Patan is believed to be born in Palanpur. His mother Meenaldevi built Pataleshwar Temple dedicated to Shiva. Other Hindu temples are Lakshman Tekri temple, Mota Ramji Mandir, Ambaji Mata Mandir.

Jain Temples
  • Kirti Stambh : The 22m(72 feet) high Tower of Fame was built by a wealthy Jain merchant in the 12 century A.D. and is dedicated to Adinathji (Rishabhnatha), the first of the Tirthankaras. The tower is decorated with Jain Pantheons.
  • Motu Derasar : The Pallaviya Parshwanath Temple, also known as Mota Derasar, was built by King Prahaladan which is dedicated to Parshwanath, 23rd tirthankar.[9]
  • Nanu Derasar

Economy

Dairy, textile, diamond polishing and marble are major industries of Palanpur. Banas Dairy is one of the largest dairy in the state. The diamond polishing and evaluation industry across India and abroad is dominated by Palanpuri Jain diaspora. Palanpuri Ittars are popular for their fragrance and earned the nickname 'city of flowers' to the town.

Surmandir, the first Multiplex of Gujarat is in Palanpur and is now operated by Carnival Cinemas.

Education and culture

Palanpur is an educational hub of Banaskantha.

During rule of Jhalori Nawabs, Palanpur became well known for Gujarati Ghazals and poetry. Samosas are popular snack in the town.

The schools include Vidyamandir Highschool, NIB School, Aadarsh Vidhyasankool, M B Karnavat School, K K Gothi Highschool. G D Modi College of Arts, C. L. Parikh College of Commerce and R. R. Mehta College of Science are colleges of higher education in Science, Commerce and Arts.

Notable people

Several notable persons hails from Palanpur:

  • Bharat Shah, a diamond merchant, Hindi film financier and distributor
  • B. K. Gadhvi, politician
  • Chandrakant Bakshi, (1932–2006) A well known Gujarati author.
  • Pranav Mistry, famous computer scientist and the inventor, well known for his work of SixthSense, Samsung Galaxy Gear and many other technologies. He is currently the Global Vice President of Research at Samsung.
  • Rohit Jivanlal Parikh, mathematician, logician and philosopher. He holds the position of distinguished Professor at Brooklyn College, New York (1982–present).

Palanpur is the original home of the Palanpuri diamond merchants in Surat/Belgium etc.[10]

Transport

The town being the headquarters of Banaskantha district is well-connected by road and rail.

Palanpur, 1952
Palanpur Railway Station, 1952

Rail

Palanpur Railway Station, on the Jaipur-Ahmedabad line, comes under the administrative control of Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct rail links on the broad gauge to the cities of Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Mysore, Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Delhi, Dehradun, Muzaffarpur, Bareilly and Jammu. It is connected to most of the cities and towns in Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Bhuj, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Porbandar.Indian Railways’ proposal to double the broad gauge line between Palanpur and Samakhiali has received government backing.The doubling will benefit the districts of Kutch, Patan and Banaskantha in the state of Gujarat.

Road

National Highway 14 connecting Beawar in Rajasthan with Radhanpur in Gujarat passes through Deesa-Palanpur, thus connecting it with the cities of (Sirohi) , (Udaipur) and (Pali). State Highways SH 712, SH 132 pass through Palanpur and connect it with nearby towns in Gujarat. State Highway SH 41 connects it with Mehsana & Ahmedabad.

Air

The nearest Airport is the Deesa Airport, originally built to serve the princely state of Palanpur.[11] It is just 26 km from Palanpur city. The nearest International Airport is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Ahmedabad which is 139 km far from Palanpur city.

Surrounding Cites

Gallery

Delhi Gate area of Palanpur Gujarat

Delhi Gate area

Market of Palanpur Gujarat

Market scene

Shimla Gate Market Palanpur

Shimla Gate market

Kirti Stambh, Palanpur

Kirti Stambha

Patthar Sadak, Palanpur

Patthar Sadak

Nearby places of interest

  • Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary, a reserve forest sprawling over 180 km2 is located in Jessore is about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) away.
  • Rani ki vav, Patan
  • Sun Temple, Modhera
  • Dantiwada Dam
  • Balaram Palace Resort
  • Kedarnath Mahadev Temple, located in Jessore, about 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Palanpur and Balaram Mahadev temple, located about 14 km from the town are major temples dedicated to Shiva. A temple of Dharmata, who is a patron goddess of Sundhiya family is situated near Balaram Mahadev Temple.

References

  1. ^ a b Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Cutch, Palanpur, and Mahi Kantha. Government Central Press. 1880. pp. 318–324.
  2. ^ Dhaky, Madhusudan A. (1961). Deva, Krishna (ed.). "The Chronology of the Solanki Temples of Gujarat". Journal of the Madhya Pradesh Itihas Parishad. Bhopal: Madhya Pradesh Itihas Parishad. 3: 81.
  3. ^ http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/ips/p/palanpur.html
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Palanpur
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  6. ^ a b "Historical Census of India".
  7. ^ "Census of Palanpur".
  8. ^ Mehta, R. N. (31 March 1977). "III: Explorations in the Banaskantha District". Archaeology of the Banaskantha district, North Gujarat upto 1500 A D (Part 1) (Thesis). Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda. pp. 77–78. hdl:10603/72152. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  9. ^ http://www.tourismguideindia.com/banaskantha(palanpur).htm
  10. ^ "Nirav Modi's Palanpuris eat, pray, live as one; control 90% of diamond trade In India - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Helipad in every taluka headquaters [sic]". The Times of India. 28 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
Banaskantha district

Banaskantha district is one among the thirty-three districts of the Gujarat state of India. The administrative headquarters of the district is at Palanpur which is also its largest city. The district is located in the Northeast of Gujarat and is presumably named after the West Banas River which runs through the valley between Mount Abu and Aravalli Range, flowing to the plains of Gujarat in this region and towards the Rann of Kutch. The district is famous for the Ambaji temple which draw many tourists. As of 2011, 13.27% of Banaskantha's population is urban and 86.70% is rural. It covers an area of 12703 km2 and is the second largest district in the state.

Bhabhar railway station

Bhabhar railway station is a railway station in Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India on the Western line of the Western railway network. Bhabhar railway station is 88 km far away from Palanpur Junction. 1 Passenger, 1 Express and 1 Superfast trains halt here.

Deesa Airport

Deesa Airport (also spelled Disa Airport), also known as Palanpur Airport, is an airport in Deesa, Gujarat originally built to serve the princely state of Palanpur. It is managed by the Airports Authority of India.The airport hit national headlines in February 2011 when Subramanian Swamy claimed that 2G case accused Shahid Balwa illegally used the airport for transporting "all kinds of VIPs and criminals" in and out of the country secretly. The Airports Authority of India denied this was the case, stating that the airstrip was not used for the last 2 years, due to the poor condition of the airstrip, adding that it was fit only for paragliding. The airfield was most recently used for a sky diving program in 2013.In September 2011, A K Gogoi, Commander in Chief, South Western Air Command of the Indian Air Force announced that there was a proposal to develop Deesa Airport into a full fledged Air Base and that the Defence Ministry had approved this proposal. Deesa was chosen due to its strategic location, being close to the international border with Pakistan. The first phase of this proposal includes spending INR 30 billion on strengthening airport infrastructure.

Disa railway station

Disa railway station is a railway station in Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India on the Western line of the Western railway network. Disa railway station is 27 km far away from Palanpur Junction. Passenger, Express and Superfast trains halt here.

Diyodar

Diyodar, also spelled Diodar or Deodar, is a town and former princely state in Diyodar Taluka of Banaskantha district in Gujarat, western India.

Diyodar railway station

Diyodar railway station is a railway station in Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India on the Western line of the Western railway network. It serves Diyodar town. Its station code is 'DEOR'. Diyodar railway station is 71 km away from Palanpur Junction. Passenger, Express, and Superfast trains halt here.

Gandhidham Junction railway station

Gandhidham Junction railway station, located in Gandhidham, Gujarat, India, serves the people residing in Gandhidham and Kandla areas.

Gandhidham–Palanpur section

The Gandhidham–Palanpur section belongs to Western Railway of Kutch district of Gujarat state.

National Highway 58 (India)

National Highway 58 (NH 58 NEW) is a National Highway in India connecting Fatehpur and Udaipur in the state of Rajasthan. NH58 route is extended from Udaipur to Palanpur in Gujarat.

Palanpur Agency

Palanpur Agency, also spelled Pahlunpore Agency, was a political agency or collection of princely states in British India, within the Gujarat Division of Bombay Presidency. In 1933, the native states of the Mahi Kantha Agency, except for Danta, were included in the Western India States Agency. The agency, headquartered at Palanpur, oversaw some 17 princely states and estates in the area, encompassing an area of 6393 square miles (16,558 km²) and a population, in 1901, of 467,271.

Palanpur Junction railway station

Palanpur Junction railway station is a major railway station located in Palanpur, Gujarat, India. The railway station is under the administrative control of Western Railway of Indian Railways. Palanpur Junction railway station has five platforms and a total of six tracks.

Palanpur State

Palanpur State was a princely state of India during the British Raj. It was a Salute state with the Nawab of Palanpur having a hereditary salutes of 13-guns. It was the main state of the Palanpur Agency. Palanpur State became a British protectorate in 1809/17; its capital was the city of Palanpur.

Pathans of Gujarat

Gujarati Pathans are a group of Pathans. At various times in history, a large number of Pashtuns have settled in the region of Gujarat in western India. They now form a distinct community of Gujarati speaking Muslims. They are distributed throughout the state, but live mainly in Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Junagadh, Surat, Bhavnagar, Panchamahal, Koth, Kotha, Borsad, Kheda, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Gandhinagar, Sabarkantha, Vadodara and Mehsana. They speak Gujarati, with many Hindustani loanwords. Common Tribes include Babi or Babai (Pashtun tribe), Khan, Bangash, Durrani, and Yousafzai.

Radhanpur railway station

Radhanpur railway station is a railway station in Patan district, Gujarat, India on the Western line of the Western railway network. Radhanpur railway station is 113 km far away from Palanpur Junction. One Passenger, two Express, and two Superfast trains halt here.

Samakhiali Junction railway station

Samakhiali Junction railway station is a railway station belonging to Western Railway of Ahmedabad division.

Santalpur railway station

Santalpur railway station is a railway station in Patan district, Gujarat, India on the Western line of the Western railway network. Santalpur railway station is 157 km far away from Palanpur Junction. One Passenger, two Express, and one Superfast trains halt here.

Tervada

Tervada is a village in Kankrej Taluka of Banaskantha district in Gujarat, India.

Tharad

Tharad (historically known as Thirpur) is a town in Tharad taluka in the Banaskantha district of the state of Gujarat in India. It is the administrative center of Tharad taluka. Tharad is near the border of Gujarat, 40 km from the border with Pakistan and 15 km from the Indian state of Rajasthan. The town was a princely state ruled by the Vaghela Rajputs, and the majority of its population follow the religion of Hinduism. Its main industries are agriculture and diamond polishing. It is one of the first major towns in Gujarat on National Highway 15.

Western India States Agency

The Western India States Agency (WISA) was one of the agencies of British India. This agency was formed on 10 October 1924 as a part of the implementation of the Montague Chelmsford report on constitutional reforms. It was formed by merging the areas under the erstwhile Kathiawar, Cutch [covering only Kutch state] and Palanpur agencies.At one time or another between 1924 and 1944, 435 princely states were included in this agency, roughly covering the present Gujarat state, but only eighteen out of these were salute states. Some 163 Talukas and Estates were included in this Agency: these were mostly petty (e)states, some no larger than a town or village.

Population Growth of Palanpur 
CensusPop.
194120,300
195122,60011.3%
196129,10028.8%
198161,300
199190,30047.3%
2001122,30035.4%
2011141,59215.8%
source:[6]
Places adjacent to Palanpur

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