Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine

The Ducal Palace of Nancy (French: Palais ducal du Nancy) is a former princely residence in Nancy, France, which was home to the Dukes of Lorraine. It houses the Musée Lorrain, one of Nancy's principal museums, dedicated to the art, history and popular traditions of Lorraine until the early 20th century.[1] It has been listed since 1840 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.[2]

Coordinates: 48°41′49″N 6°10′49″E / 48.69694°N 6.18028°E

Nancy - palais ducal, façade
The Ducal Palace of Nancy
Statue équestre du duc Antoine de Lorraine dans la façade du Palais
Equestrian statue of Duke Anthony of Lorraine
Palais Ducal, pic1
Inner courtyard of the ducal palace
Le Palais Ducal (M TS ES 00104)
Engraving of the palace complex, 1664

History

The palace was built in the 15th century for René II, Duke of Lorraine.[3]

In the 18th century the palace was extended by Baroque architects. Under the rule of Leopold, Duke of Lorraine parts of the building were pulled down, in preparation of greater projects, he intended. After the House of Habsburg had ceded Lorraine to French control in exchange for Tuscany, the ducal palace in Nancy became the home of Stanisław Leszczyński.[4] After Stanisław's death, his Duchy was inherited by his son-in-law, King Louis XV of France and incorporated in his dominions.

The palace used to have St George's Collegiate Church, which was the house chapel and also the burial place of members of the house of Lorraine. The chapel does not exist anymore. The functions of the house chapel was then given to the Church of Saint-François-des-Cordeliers, which is located next to the palace.

The first level of the structure contains reception and dining rooms used by the Dukes, known as the Galerie des Cerfs. On the ground floor, there is an open-vaulted gallery overlooking the garden, while a portal marks the Grande Rue entrance. Also built in Gothic style, its décor suggests that it is one of the earliest examples of work from the Renaissance period in nowaday's eastern France.

Musée Lorrain

In 1848 the palace was converted to house the Musée Lorrain.[5] The museum's collections include artefacts from the Gallo-Roman and Merovingian civilisations of the east of France, religious and funeral sculptures and stained-glass windows from the Medieval period, as well as armaments from the 14th and 15th centuries. The museum also includes a collection of Renaissance art including works by Ligier Richier and sculptures relating to the history of the Palace itself, as well as of major works by Georges de La Tour and Jacques Callot, and a rare collection of Jewish ritual objects.

See also

References

  1. ^ Le musée lorrain de Nancy (in French)
  2. ^ Mérimée PA00106304, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French) Ancien palais ducal, actuellement musée lorrain
  3. ^ Eupedia - Nancy
  4. ^ European Institute of Cultural Routes - Lorraine Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Musee Lorrain

External links

Media related to Palais des Ducs de Lorraine at Wikimedia Commons

Church of Saint-François-des-Cordeliers

The Church of Saint-François-des-Cordeliers (French: Église des Cordeliers de Nancy) is a Roman Catholic church located in Nancy, France, capital city of Lorraine.

Madame de Saint-Baslemont

Alberte-Barbe d'Ernécourt, Dame de Saint-Baslemont (sometimes spelled Saint-Balmon; 14 May 1607 – 22 May 1660) was a French soldier and writer, a heroine of the Thirty Years' War.

Nancy, France

Nancy (French pronunciation: ​[nɑ̃si]; German: Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name. The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 434,565 inhabitants at the 2011 census, making it the 20th largest urban area in France. The population of the city of Nancy proper was 104,321 in 2014. The motto of the city is Non inultus premor, Latin for "I'm not touched with impunity"—a reference to the thistle, which is a symbol of Lorraine.

Place Stanislas, a large square built between March 1752 and November 1755 by Stanislaus I of Poland to link the medieval old town of Nancy and the new town built under Charles III in the 17th century, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the first place in France and in the top four in the world.

Niderviller pottery

Niderviller faience (German Niederweiler) is one of the most famous French pottery manufacturers. It has been located in the village of Niderviller, Lorraine, France since 1735. It began as a maker of faïence (tin-glazed earthenware), and returned to making this after a period in the mid-18th century when it also made hard-paste porcelain. In both materials, it made heavy use of deep magenta or pink in its decoration.

Timeline of Nancy

The history of Nancy, France, the capital city of Lorraine, dates back to at least 800 BC with the earliest signs of human settlement in the area. Early settlers were likely attracted by easily mined iron ore and a ford in the Meurthe River. A small fortified town named Nanciacum (Nancy) was built by Gerard, Duke of Lorraine around 1050.

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