General elections were held in Pakistan on 24 October 1990 to elect 217 members of the National Assembly. They resulted in a surprise victory for Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI), a conservative front led by Nawaz Sharif, which won 106 seats. The IJI had campaigned for privatisation and social conservative policies. Voter turnout was 45.5%.
|Pakistan general election, 1990|
207 of 237 seats in National Assembly
104 seats seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||45.5% ( 2.0%|
The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) led by Benazir Bhutto won a plurality of seats in the 1988 election and Bhutto became Prime Minister. However by 1990 there was discontent over rising lawlessness, allegations of corruption and the failure of the government to fulfill the promises it had made during the 1988 campaign.
The PPP ran in the election in a coalition with 3 parties as the People's Democratic Alliance.
By the start of the campaign reports suggested that Bhutto and the PDA were in a stronger position as the caretaker government failed to produce sufficient evidence to prove any charges against her.
On 19 October 2012, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled on a petition by Asghar Khan, requesting that the court probe allegations that the 1990 elections had been rigged. The court officially ruled that two Army Generals – Mirza Aslam Baig and Asad Durrani (Head of the ISI) – along with President Ghulam Ishaq Khan – had provided financial assistance to favoured parties. The motive was to deliberately weaken the mandate of the Pakistan Peoples Party. It was believed that the PPP, led by Benazir Bhutto, was a liability to the nation.
The outgoing party, the PPP/PDA, lost the elections. IJI won the popular vote by a very narrow margin of only around 100,000 votes, but the narrow victory in the popular vote translated into 106 seats for IJI against the PDA's 44 seats. The popular argument regarding PDA's huge loss of seats is that the PDA's vote, despite being almost equal to that of IJI, was much more spread out whereas IJI's vote bank was more concentrated. This resulted in PDA candidates losing in IJI won seats by narrow margins.
|Islami Jamhoori Ittehad||7,908,513||37.4||106||+50|
|People's Democratic Alliance||7,795,218||36.8||44||New|
|Awami National Party||356,160||1.7||6||+4|
|Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (Noorani)||310,953||1.5||3||New|
|Pakistan Awami Tehrik||237,492||1.1||0||New|
|Jamhoori Wattan Party||129,431||0.6||2||New|
|Pakistan National Party||127,287||0.6||2||+2|
|Pakhtun-khwa Milli Awami Party||73,635||0.3||1||New|
|Sindh National Front||51,990||0.2||0||New|
|Pakistan Democratic Party||51,645||0.2||0||0|
|Balochistan National Movement||51,297||0.2||0||New|
|Sindh National Alliance||31,125||0.1||0||New|
|13 other parties||64,470||0.3||0||–|
|Source: Nohlen et al.|