Pakistani soldiers during the Pakistan Day Parade in 2016.
|Official name||Urdu: یوم پاکستان|
lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan[Note 1]
|Significance||Commemoration of Pakistan Resolution and Constitution|
|Celebrations||Full Joint Inter-Services military parade, conferring of national decorations|
|Observances||Pakistan (Diplomatic missions of Pakistan in other countries)|
|Next time||23 March 2019|
Pakistan Day (Urdu: یوم پاکستان, lit. Yaum-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Resolution Day, also Republic Day, is a national holiday in Pakistan commemorating the Lahore Resolution passed on 23 March 1940 and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world's first Islamic republic. A Republic Day parade by the armed forces is often part of the celebrations.
The day celebrates the adoption of the Pakistan resolution by the Muslim League at the Minar-e-Pakistan (lit. Pakistan Tower) that called for establishing an independent federation comprising provinces with Muslim majority located in north-western and north-eastern region of British controlled territories in India (excluding autonomous princely States) on 23 March 1940. Since then, the day is celebrated annually throughout the country as a public holiday. The Armed forces of Pakistan usually hold a military parade to celebrate the event.
The Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park in Lahore, Punjab, that lasted from the 22nd of March to the 24th of March 1940. During this event, the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other Founding Fathers narrated the events regarding the differences between Hindus and Muslims, and introduced the historical resolution that cemented the formation of a nation-state in South Asia as Pakistan, even though it did not actually mention Pakistan at all.
The resolution was passed on 23 March and had its signatures from the Founding Fathers of Pakistan. It reads as:
[Quoting Resolution:] No constitutional plan would be workable or acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary. That the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.
The British plan to partition Indian subcontinent into two dominion- Hindustan and Pakistan was announced on Jun 3 1947. In the event Pakistan was created on 14 August 1947 and Hindustan independence came a day later. Pakistan was immediately identified as migrant state born amid bloodshed. Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan became first Governor General of Pakistan and Mr. Liaqat Ali Khan, The first Prime Minister of Pakistan. The Indian Act of 1935 provided the legal framework for Pakistan until 1956, when the state passed its own constitution. While Pakistan's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution.
Works and efforts by Basic Principles Committee drafted the basic outlines of the constitution in 1949. After many deliberations and years of some modifications, the first set of the Constitution of Pakistan was enforced in the country on 23 March 1956. This marked the country's successful transition from Dominion to Islamic Republic. The Governor-General was replaced with President of Pakistan as ceremonial head of state.
The main celebration is held in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. The President of Pakistan is usually the Chief Guest; also the attended in public are Prime Minister of Pakistan alongside the Cabinet ministers, military chiefs of staff, and chairman joint chiefs.
A full inter-services joint military parade is rehearsed and broadcast live by the news media in all over the country. Pakistan military inter services also shows a glance of its power and capabilities during this parade.
The celebrations regarding the holiday include a full military and civilian parade in the capital, Islamabad. These are presided by the President of Pakistan and are held early in the morning. After the parade, the President confers national awards and medals on the awardees at the Presidency. Wreaths are also laid at the mausoleums of Muhammad Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah founder of Pakistan. In very rare times and significance, foreign dignitaries have been invited to attend the military parade.
From 1956–2018, the following officers from the army have lead the joint services parade:
|1983||Brigadier Nasir Mehmood||1st Punjab Regiment||.|
|1987||Brigadier Afzal Janjua SJ||FF Regt||Later Lt. Gen.|
|1989||Brigadier Yasub Dogar||2 FF Regiment (Guides)|
|1996||Brigadier Naveed Nasr||17 Punjab Regiment||Also commanded 70 Punjab|
|1997||Brigadier Javed Iqbal||18 Field Regiment||MS to Nawaz Sharif in 1999|
|1998||Brigadier Akram Sahi||FF Regt||Later Maj. Gen.|
|1999||Brigadier Khalid Nawaz Janjua||3 Baluch Regt||Later Lt. Gen.|
|20xx||Brigadier Badar Munir||AK Regt|
|2005||Brigadier Naushad Kiani||Punjab Regt||Later Maj. Gen.|
|2007||Brigadier Tariq Ghafoor||FF Regt||Later Maj. Gen.|
|2008||Brigadier Ihsan ul Haq||Later Maj. Gen.|
|2015||Brigadier Khurram Sarfaraz||27 Baluch Regt|
|2016||Brigadier Amir Majeed||29 AK Regt|
|2017||Brigadier Amer Ahsan Nawaz||3 Baluch Regt||Now Lt. Gen.|
|2018||Brigadier Amer Amin||19 FF Regt|
From 1956–2000, the following foreign dignitaries who have attended parade are:
|1985||General Rudini||Indonesia||Chief of staff of Indonesian Army|
|1987||Robert Mugabe||Zimbabwe||President of Zimbabwe|
|1996||Cassam Uteem||Mauritius||President of Mauritius|
|2018||Maithripala Sirisena||Sri Lanka||President of Sri Lanka|
|1956||Janissary Military band||Turkey|
|1956||Iran Military Contingent||Iran|
|1956||Turkish Military Contingent||Turkey|
|1997||Janissary Military band||Turkey|
|Beijing Garrison Honor Guard Battalion||China|
|2018||Janissary Military band||Turkey|
|2018||Saudi Arabian Special Forces||Saudi Arabia|
|2018||UAE elite unit||UAE|
Events from the year 2006 in Pakistan.2015 Pakistan Day Parade
Pakistan Day Parade 2015 was a military parade held on 23rd March 2015 to commemorate 75 years since the Lahore Resolution of 1940. The parade was held after gap of 7 years because of growing wave of terrorism, however the decision to hold the parade was held after the launch of a mass anti-terrorism operation by the Pakistan Army. It was widely seen as a rather successful attempt to boost the self-confidence to general public.The three-hour parade featured all three service branches, the Army, Navy, and Air Force — including the army’s strategic command force, which administers land-based nuclear weapons arsenal. The parade featured nuclear-capable and conventional missiles, indigenously manufactured tanks, and a squadron of JF-17 Thunder fighter jets along with Pakistan’s first locally manufactured armed unmanned aerial vehicle. It was overseen by Mamnoon Hussain and Nawaz Sharif.The parade was welcomed by national media outlets, Dawn called the parade as an 'highly anticipated' event while Pakistan Today called the event as crucial to refreshing nation’s patriotism. Indian news outlet NDTV joined Reuters in calling the parade as sending a message to neighboring India. The Guardian called the revival of the military parade after a seven-year marking a further step in the rehabilitation of the army after a dismal period. An opinion piece in The New York Times highlighted the fact that Chinese President Xi Jinping didn't attend the event.2015 Xi Jinping visit to Pakistan
Xi Jinping's visit to Pakistan from 20 to 21 April 2015, was the first state visit of Xi Jinping to Pakistan. Xi is the second Chinese leader to visit Pakistan in 2010s after Chinese Premier Li Keqiang's visit to Pakistan between 22 and 23 May 2013. It was also Xi's first overseas trip of 2015. The trip led to the signing accords for $46 billion of investment in Pakistan by China for the construction of roads, rails and power plants to be built on a commercial basis by Chinese companies over 15 years. Most of the 51 projects were part of the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor.
The trip also showed the confirming of the sale of eight Chinese submarines, more than doubling Pakistan's fleet. The trip was tremendously covered by International media. The New York Times claimed it to be a 'gesture likely to confirm the decline of American influence in that nation (Pakistan)'. According to the BBC, the Chinese state and its banks would lend to Chinese companies to carry out the work, thereby making it a commercial venture with direct impact on China's slackening economy.In this state visit, Pakistan conferred its highest civilian award Nishan-e-Pakistan on Xi Jinping for his "outstanding contribution in promotion of relationship between the two countries." This was the fourth time that Pakistan awarded Chinese Premier or President this award, earlier Li Peng (1999), Hu Jintao (2006), Li Keqiang (2013) were awarded.24th Cavalry (Frontier Force)
The 24th Cavalry (Frontier Force) is a regiment of the Pakistan Army, raised on June 7, 1962. It was one of the armoured regiments assembled and trained following independence to meet Pakistan’s growing defense needs. The officer selected to train and command the new unit was Lt Col Muhammad Afzal Khan. Under the command of Lt. Col. Sardar Ali Imam the 24th Cavalry was involved in the first ever tank assault in the history of the Pakistan army. It was proved to be the best cavalry unit against India.All Parties Hurriyat Conference
All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) is an alliance of 26 political, social and religious organizations formed on March 9, 1993, as a united political front to raise the cause of Kashmiri separatism. This alliance has historically been viewed positively by Pakistan as it contests the claim of the Indian government over the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Mirwaiz Umar Farooq is its chairman and Ghulam Muhammad Safi was elected as its convener in Pakistan on January 2010.Hilal-i-Imtiaz
The Hilal-i-Imtiaz (English: Crescent of Excellence; Urdu: ہلال امتیاز, Hilāl-i Imtiyāz) is the second highest civilian award and honour given to both civilians and military officers of the Pakistan armed forces by the Government of Pakistan. It recognises individuals who have made an "especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of Pakistan, world peace, cultural or other significant public endeavors". It is a civilian award, and not limited to the citizens of Pakistan.
The honour is restricted to individuals who have made outstanding contributions in their fields that led to international recognition to the State. It is awarded in the fields of literature, arts, sports, medicine, and science for civilians. It is announced every year on Independence Day, August 14, and given on Pakistan Day, March 23, by the President of Pakistan. For officers in the military, it is given for distinguished service, and is also the highest medal awarded to those at the rank of Major General or Lieutenant General (Army), Air Vice-Marshals or Air Marshals (Air Force) and Rear-Admiral or Vice-Admiral (Navy, Coast Guard, and Marines). Parliament's committee for Award and Recognition Services for State of Pakistan selects the names of individuals and sends their report to the Prime Minister; on his advice, the President makes the award in a ceremony that is broadcast by the PTV. The award is usually given to individuals, not groups, because the purpose of the award is to recognise the recipients' individual contributions.
The award is a disc of golden Jasminum between the five points of a pure gold star. The star has additional bright Jasminum; in its centre there is a green emerald with a golden crescent.
A special grade of the medal has a larger execution of the same medal design worn as a star on the left of the chest. In addition, it is worn as a sash on the right shoulder, with its rosette (yellow with white for civilians and green for military officers) with white and yellow edge, bearing the central disc of the medal at its center) resting on the left hip. At the ceremony, both medals can be worn at the same time according to their achievements. The medal is suspended on a ribbon, dark green with a light yellow and white central stripe and white edge stripes.Iqbal Day
Iqbal Day (Urdu: یوم اقبال; Yōm-e Iqbāl) is the birthday of Muhammad Iqbal on 9 November. The day is a public holiday in some provinces of Pakistan. Iqbal, a poet and philosopher, was a great inspiration for the Pakistan Movement.Junejo
Junejo is a Samma Sindhi Rajput tribe in Sindh and in some parts of India, mostly in [[Junejo
Junejo(a) (Urdu: جونیجو, Sindhi: جوڻيجو) are a Samma Sindhi Rajput tribe in Sindh and in some parts of India, mostly in Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Punjab. Their primary language is Sindhi in Sindh and Sindhi, Hindi and Gujarati in India.
Junejo are also known as Jam in some circles. The Jams from Sanghar and Kazis from Paat, Dadu district and Hyderabad district are also Junejos. The members of the Junejo clan are mostly involved in agriculture, politics and services.
Junejos were the descendants of Jam Juno, brother of Jam Tamachi, an avid lover of Noori (Sindhi folklore, see Noori Jam Tamachi) who ruled over Sindh after Jam Tamachi. Jam Tamachi and Jam Juno fought and those who favoured Jam Juno were known as Junejo. Junejo literally means "sons of Juno"; Jo means 'of' in Sindhi and June refers to 'Jam Juno' meaning descendants of Jam Juno. They originally belonged to the Rajasthan area including Jaiselmir and the south-western part of Sindh. Junejos are now found mostly in Sanghar, Tharparkar, Larkana, Dadu, Thatta and Badin districts of Sindh. Jam Sunjar was king of Sindh and his direct family history connects to Junejo tribe.
They are largely located in the Sindh province in the vicinities of the following regions and districts: Nawabshah, Sanghar, Hyderabad, Larkana, Badin, Thatha, Sukkur, Shikarpur, Dadu, Mirpurkhas, Tharparkar Noshahro Feroze, Thatta and in Rajasthan and Juna Garh regions of India.
Prominent personalities of Junejo clan include:
Khan Bahadur Mohammad Hayat Junejo
Raees-Ul-Muhajireen Barrister Jan Muhammad Junejo - Leader of the Khilafat and Hijrat Tehreek
Sahib Khan Junejo
Haji Muhammad Panah Junejo
Karim Dad Junejo
Jam Sadiq Ali - Former Chief Minister Sindh
Chakar Ali Khan Junejo - Former Ambassador MPA
Muhammad Khan Junejo - Ex-Home Secretary Sindh and former Ambassador of Pakistan to Bahrain.
Shahnawaz Khan Junejo - Former Federal Minister, MNA and Senator
Mohammad Khan Junejo Former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Pervaiz Ahmed Junejo, Secretary, Government of Pakistan
Farhat Ali Junejo (PSP), Deputy Inspector General of Police
Zulfikar Ali Junejo, Taghma-i-Imtiaz, Police Service
Mr. Sajjad Junejo, Agriculturist and prominent social and political leader
Baz Muhammad Junejo, Member of Sindh Public Service Commission
Nazar Muhammad Junejo, Former Bureaucrat, Agriculturist and Social leader
Asmatullah Junejo, (PSP), Senior superintendent of police
Jam Hayat Danish Khan Junejo
Abdul Qadir Junejo - Famous story and Drama writer
Juneja of Pakistan
They are found in Nawabshah, Sanghar, Hyderabad, Shahdadkot, Larkana, Ubaro, Badin, Shikarpur, Dadu, Mirpurkhas, Thatta, Khairpur Districts.there is also junejo community in Balohistan. The general occupation of rural Juneja is agriculture. In addition, members of the Junejo clan remain influential politicians with considerable representation in the services including education. They follow Sunni sect of Islam. Junejas are generally regarded as hospitable, generous and chivalrous.
Juneja of India
In India, the Juneja are found mainly in the districts of Amerli, Rajkot and Kutch, all in Gujarat. They speak a dialect of Kutchi, which has several Sindhi loanwords. A good many are Maldhari pastoral nomads found in the Banni region of Kutch. The Juneja of Gujarat have also been associated with Hikmat, the practice of medicine, and the community has produced many prominent doctors. They have close links with other Kutch Samma tribes such as the Halaypotra, Hingora and Hingorja.
↑ Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843–1947, p. 84, at Google Books
↑ Khan, Abdul Mabud (2001). Encyclopaedia of the world Muslims : tribes, castes and communities. Delhi: Global Vision Pub. House. ISBN 8187746076.
↑ The Castes of Marwar by Munshi Hardyal Singh page 43]],List of festivals in Pakistan
This is the list of festivals in Pakistan.Nishan-e-Imtiaz
The Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Urdu: نشان امتیاز, English: Order of Excellence) is one of the state organized civil decorations of State of Pakistan. It is the highest honour given to any civilian in Pakistan based on their achievements towards world recognition for Pakistan or an outstanding service for the country. The award is not limited to citizens of Pakistan and, while it is a civilian award, it can also be awarded to military personnel and worn on the uniform. Nishan, translates as Decoration/Order, is a highly restricted and prestigious award roughly equivalent to Presidential Medal of Freedom (United States) and Order of the British Empire (United Kingdom), and is the first category award of Order of Imtiaz. The other three descending categories are Hilal-i-Imtiaz, Sitara-i-Imtiaz and Tamgha-e-Imtiaz. Usually, it is regarded as the highest award one can achieve in Pakistan since the higher award Nishan-e-Pakistan is awarded only to foreign Heads of States.
The award was established in March 19, 1957, following the proclamation of State of Pakistan as a Parliamentary republic, by the 1956 Constitution. The award is the top decoration in the country, given to a person who has accomplished duty beyond what is assigned to him/her. The person has to show eminence and be outstanding in providing excellent service in a significant field of activity. It means that he/she has to prove that he/she has achieved distinction.
The award may be awarded posthumously and may also be awarded to an individual more than once, though it has not been awarded twice since 1999. Nishan-i-Imtiaz, is an honour given by the Government of Pakistan to both the military officers of the Pakistan Armed Forces and civilians who have outstanding contributions that prompted world recognition of Pakistan. For civilians, it is awarded for distinguished merit, honouring their excellence in their respected fields of literature, arts, sports, medicine, or science. The award is usually given to individuals not groups because the whole purpose of the award is to recognise individual excellence.
For those in the military it is given after distinguished service and is also the highest award that can be awarded to those at the rank of Generals (Army), Air Chief Marshals (Air Force), and Admirals of the Navy, Coast Guard, and Marines.
Parliament's committee for the Award and Recognition of Services for the State of Pakistan, select individuals and send a final report to the Prime minister of Pakistan. On advice of the Prime Minister, the President organizes a colorful ceremony that is telecast and broadcast nationally.
This award ceremony is held once in a year, nominees are announced on Independence Day and the ceremony takes place on Pakistan Day in a Presidential Palace. Nishan-i-Imtiaz is awarded to the nominees by the President of Pakistan in a colorful public ceremony.
The badge of the Nishan-e-Imtiaz is in the form of pure golden star with light-white enamel, with well polished green emerald circumference to the inside the golden star. Written in gold words around the green emerald, it reads as نشان امتیاز. A golden Jasminum stands between the point of the star. It is worn around the neck with a yellow, bright yellow and white ribbon (for civilians) or bright green and white ribbon (for military officers) with white edge stripes.
A special grade of the award has a larger execution of the same medal design worn as a star on the left chest. In addition, it is worn as a sash on the right shoulder, with its rosette (yellow with white (for civilians) or/ green (Military officers only) with white and yellow edge, bearing the disc of the medal at its center, resting on the left hip. At the ceremony, both medals can be worn at the same time.
For military officers, the medal is accompanied by a ribbon bar for wearing on military uniform, a miniature medal pendant for wearing on mess uniform, and a lapel badge for wearing on civilian clothes.Pakistan Canoe and Kayak Federation
The Pakistan Canoe and Kayak Federation (PCKF) پاکستان کانو و کایاک فدراسیون, founded on 23 March 2009 ("Pakistan Day") is the official national governing body for canoeing and kayaking in Pakistan. Its function is to promote sporting activities and events for canoe and kayak paddlers across the country on a national and international level. PCKF is a non-profit organisation, which represents all people and organisations with a genuine interest in canoeing, kayaking and associated sports, helping them to increase the profile of these sports across Pakistan.Pakistan National Council of the Arts
Pakistan National Council of the Arts (Urdu: پاکستان قومی انجمن فنون, or PNCA) was set up to spearhead the development of arts in Pakistan by an Act of Parliament in 1973. It aims to build a robust arts ecosystem by creating an environment conducive to the flourishing of the arts, where the arts are accessible to everyone and artists and art groups have the commitment, financial support and resources, and to excel at home, and on the world stage. PNCA policies are framed by its Board of Governors which reports to the federal Minister for National Heritage and Integration within the Ministry of Culture.Pakistani Americans
Pakistani Americans (Urdu: پاکستانی نژاد امریکی) are Americans whose ancestry originates from Pakistan or Pakistanis who migrated to and reside in the United States. The term may also refer to people who hold dual Pakistani and U.S. Citizenship. Educational attainment level and household income are much higher in the Pakistani-American diaspora in comparison to the general U.S. population.Pride of Performance
The President's Award for Pride of Performance (Urdu: تمغائے حسن کارکردگی Tamġa-ē Ḥusn-e Kārkardagī) is one of the awards conferred by the Government of Pakistan on Pakistani civilians in recognition of distinguished meritorious work in the fields of literature, arts, sports, medicine, and science. It has no particular official standing in the Pakistani civil decorations hierarchy.The announcement of this award, and other governmentally conferred civil awards, is generally made once a year on Pakistan's Independence Day (14 August each year). Then the awards are conferred by the President of Pakistan at a ceremony that takes place on the following Pakistan Day (23 March each year).Public holidays in Pakistan
Pakistan holidays are celebrated according to the Islamic or Gregorian calendars for religious and civil purposes, respectively. Religious festivals like Eid are celebrated according to the Islamic calendar whereas other national holidays like international labour day, Pakistan day, and Quaid-i-Azam Day are celebrated according to the Gregorian calendar.Sarfraz Ahmed
Sarfraz Ahmed (Urdu: سرفراز احمد; born 22 May 1987) is a wicketkeeper-batsman who plays international cricket for Pakistan and is also the current captain of the Pakistan cricket team in all 3 formats of the game. Sarfraz was named as Pakistan's Twenty20 International captain following the 2016 ICC World Twenty20 in India, while he was named Pakistan's ODI Captain on 9 February 2017 after Azhar Ali stepped down. He took up the Test captaincy mantle for his team following the retirement of Misbah-ul-Haq and hence became the 32nd Test captain of the Pakistan Cricket Team in doing so. Under his captaincy, Pakistan won the Champions Trophy in June 2017.
In March 2018, on Pakistan Day, Sarfraz became the youngest cricketer to be awarded with the Sitara-i-Imtiaz.In August 2018, he was one of thirty-three players to be awarded a central contract for the 2018–19 season by the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB).Shahid Baig Mirza
Lieutenant General Shahid Baig Mirza was the Commander of V Corps in Karachi. A three stars rank general of Pakistan Army, he was appointed as the commander of the corps on 7 December 2016.He was born into a military family of Mulhal Mughlan District Chakwal, the eldest of three brothers, all officers and sons of Lieutenant Colonel (retd) Abdul Haq and Zaib-un-Nisa. The youngest, Major Umar Baig Mirza, martyred in a helicopter crash while performing rescue operations on 15 October 2005, and Lieutenant Colonel Amer Baig Mirza martyred in a terrorist attack on 27 May 2009.Then-Major General Shaid Baig Mirza was the commandant of the Command and Staff College from January 2014 to May 2015. He was awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz on Pakistan Day (23 March), 2015, and promoted to lieutenant general in April 2015.Shakarparian
Shakarparian(Urdu شکر پڑیاں) (also known as Shakarparian Hills) is derived from two words from the Potohari language, Shakar - meaning "sweet", and Parian from Parao - meaning a place to rest, or stop over - layover during long journeys. It consists of a hill and a local park in Islamabad, Pakistan. Park is located near the Zero Point Interchange. Pakistan Monument is located in the Shakarparian. The old Gakhars tribe leaders settled here before Indo-Pak partition 1947; later the clan was relocated to create a park for Newly marked federal capital of the country in 1960-61.Shakarparian also has a Parade ground which host the Pakistan Day Parade every year on 23 March.