Pactya

Pactya or Paktye (Ancient Greek: Πακτύη) was an ancient Greek[1] city located in ancient Thrace, on the Thracian Chersonesus. It is cited in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax, in its recitation of the towns of the Thracian Chersonesus, along with Aegospotami, Cressa, Crithote and then Pactya, situated 36 stadia from Cardia.[2][3][4] It is said that Miltiades founded it.[5] Strabo places it on the Propontis between Crithote and Macron Teichos.[6] According to Herodotus, Miltiades the Elder ordered a wall built between Cardia, which was on the coast of Gulf of Melas and Pactya, which was on the Propontis side, to prevent invasion of the Chersonesus by the Apsinthii.[7] Alcibiades retired here the Athenians had for the second time deprived him of the command.[8] Pliny the Elder points out that both Cardia and Pactya later joined to form Lysimachia.[9]

Its site is located 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Bolayır, Turkey.[10][11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Thracian Chersonese". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 907–908. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  2. ^ Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax 67.
  3. ^ Diodorus Siculus. Bibliotheca historica (Historical Library). 22.74.
  4. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.18.
  5. ^ Pseudo Scymnus or Pausanias of Damascus, Circuit of the Earth, § 696
  6. ^ Strabo. Geographica. 7, frag. 51, 53, 55. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  7. ^ Herodotus. Histories. 6.36.
  8. ^ Nepos, Alc. 7
  9. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.48.
  10. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 51, and directory notes accompanying.
  11. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Pactye". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 40°29′07″N 26°46′50″E / 40.485384°N 26.780688°E

Alexander (son of Lysimachus)

Alexander (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος, flourished 3rd century BC) was a son of the diadochus Lysimachus, a Greek nobleman of Macedonian Thessalian origin, by an Odrysian concubine called Macris.Following the murder of his paternal half-brother Agathocles by the command of his father in 284 BC, he fled into Asia with his brother's widow Lysandra and solicited the aid of Seleucus I Nicator. As a consequence, war ensued between Seleucus and Lysimachus, ending in the defeat and death of the latter, who was slain in battle in 281 BC, in the plain of Corius in Phrygia. Alexander conveyed his father's body to Lysimachia, to be buried in a tomb between Cardia and Pactya, where it still stood in the time of Pausanias, four centuries later.

Ariassus

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Caloe

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Camissecla

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Cestrus

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Cotenna

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Cressa (Thrace)

Cressa or Kressa (Ancient Greek: Κρῆσσα) was an ancient Greek city located in ancient Thrace, on the Thracian Chersonesus. It is cited in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax, in the second position of its recitation of the towns of the Thracian Chersonesus, along with Aegospotami, Cressa, Crithote and Pactya. It may be the same town cited by Pliny the Elder as Crissa on the Propontis.Its site is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northeast of Aigospotamoi, Turkey.

Crithote (Thrace)

Crithote or Krithote (Ancient Greek: Κριθωτή or Κριθώτη) was an ancient Greek city located in Thrace, located in the region of the Thracian Chersonesos. It was on the Hellespont north of Gallipolis, and founded by Miltiades. It is cited in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax among the cities of the Thracian Chersonesos: Aegospotami, Cressa, Crithote, and Pactya.At the time of Strabo it was in ruins. The geographer places it between the cities of Callipolis and Pactya. Pliny the Elder, for his part, says it was adjacent to the Propontis, where were also the cities of Tiristasis and Cissa.Isocrates highlights the excellent situation, from the strategic point of view, of the city, as a point of control of the Hellespont. Wherefore, the year 365 BCE, it was conquered, along with Sestos, by the Athenians under the command of Timotheus.Bronze coins minted by Crithote are preserved, dated between 350 BCE and 281 BCE, with the inscriptions ΚΡΙ, ΚΡΙΘΟ o ΚΡΙΘΟΥΣΙΩΝ.Its site is located 2 miles (3 km) est of Gelibolu, in European Turkey.

Docimium

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Drizipara

Drizipara (or Druzipara, Drousipara. Drusipara) now Karıştıran (Büyükkarıştıran) in Lüleburgaz district was a city and a residential episcopal see in the Roman province of Europa in the civil diocese of Thrace. It is now a titular see of the Catholic Church.

Elaeus

Elaeus (Ancient Greek: Ἐλαιοῦς Elaious, later Ἐλεοῦς Elaeus), the “Olive City”, was an ancient Greek city located in Thrace, on the Thracian Chersonese. Elaeus was located at the southern end of the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) near the southernmost point of the Thracian Chersonese (now the Gallipoli peninsula) in modern-day Turkey. According to the geographer Scymnus, Elaeus was founded by settlers from Ionian Teos, while the Pseudo-Scymnus writes that it was a colony of Athens and was founded by Phorbas

Gallipoli

The Gallipoli peninsula (; Turkish: Gelibolu Yarımadası; Greek: Χερσόνησος της Καλλίπολης, Chersónisos tis Kallípolis) is located in the southern part of East Thrace, the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east.

Gallipoli is the Italian form of the Greek name "Καλλίπολις" (Kallípolis), meaning "Beautiful City", the original name of the modern town of Gelibolu. In antiquity, the peninsula was known as the Thracian Chersonese (Greek: Θρακική Χερσόνησος, Thrakiké Chersónesos; Latin: Chersonesus Thracica).

The peninsula runs in a south-westerly direction into the Aegean Sea, between the Dardanelles (formerly known as the Hellespont), and the Gulf of Saros (formerly the bay of Melas). In antiquity, it was protected by the Long Wall, a defensive structure built across the narrowest part of the peninsula near the ancient city of Agora. The isthmus traversed by the wall was only 36 stadia in breadth (about 6.5 km), but the length of the peninsula from this wall to its southern extremity, Cape Mastusia, was 420 stadia (about 77.5 km).

Hisarlik

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Long Wall (Thracian Chersonese)

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Lyrbe

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Rhodiapolis

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Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Tyana

Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

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