Pacific states

The West Pacific States form one of the nine geographic divisions within the United States that are officially recognized by that country's census bureau.[5] There are five states in this division – Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington – and, as its name suggests, they all have coastlines on the Pacific Ocean (and are the only US states that border that ocean). The Pacific States division is one of two divisions can be found within the United States Census Bureau's Western region; the other Western division is the Mountain States.

Despite being slotted into the same region by the Census Bureau, the Pacific, and Mountain divisions are vastly different from one another in many vital respects, most notably in the arena of politics; while nearly all of the Mountain states are regarded as being conservative "red states", four out of five of the Pacific states (all except Alaska) are clearly counted among the liberal "blue states".

  • Bold denotes election winner
Presidential electoral votes in the Pacific States since 1852
Year Alaska California Hawaii Oregon Washington
1852 No election Pierce No election No election No election
1856 No election Buchanan No election No election No election
1860 No election Lincoln No election Lincoln No election
1864 No election Lincoln No election Lincoln No election
1868 No election Grant No election Seymour No election
1872 No election Grant No election Grant No election
1876 No election Hayes No election Hayes No election
1880 No election Hancock No election Garfield No election
1884 No election Blaine No election Blaine No election
1888 No election Harrison No election Harrison No election
1892 No election Cleveland No election Harrison Harrison
1896 No election McKinley No election McKinley Bryan
1900 No election McKinley No election McKinley McKinley
1904 No election Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt
1908 No election Taft No election Taft Taft
1912 No election Roosevelt No election Wilson Roosevelt
1916 No election Wilson No election Hughes Wilson
1920 No election Harding No election Harding Harding
1924 No election Coolidge No election Coolidge Coolidge
1928 No election Hoover No election Hoover Hoover
1932 No election Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt
1936 No election Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt
1940 No election Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt
1944 No election Roosevelt No election Roosevelt Roosevelt
1948 No election Truman No election Dewey Truman
1952 No election Eisenhower No election Eisenhower Eisenhower
1956 No election Eisenhower No election Eisenhower Eisenhower
1960 Nixon Nixon Kennedy Nixon Nixon
1964 Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson
1968 Nixon Nixon Humphrey Nixon Humphrey
1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon
1976 Ford Ford Carter Ford Ford
1980 Reagan Reagan Carter Reagan Reagan
1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1988 Bush Bush Dukakis Dukakis Dukakis
1992 Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton
1996 Dole Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton
2000 Bush Gore Gore Gore Gore
2004 Bush Kerry Kerry Kerry Kerry
2008 McCain Obama Obama Obama Obama
2012 Romney Obama Obama Obama Obama
2016 Trump Clinton Clinton Clinton Clinton
Year Alaska California Hawaii Oregon Washington
Pacific States

Location of Pacific states
States in the U.S. Census Bureau's Pacific Division
States in the U.S. Census Bureau's Pacific Division
• Total
2,318,781[1] km2 (895,286 sq mi) (11th)
• 2016 estimate
52,801,933[2] (27th)
• Density
22.8[2][1]/km2 (59.1/sq mi) (194th)
GDP (nominal)2018-Q2 estimate
• Total
$4.0 trillion[3]
• Per capita


Although not states, the three inhabited pacific U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands) and the pacific U.S. Minor Outlying Islands (excluding Navassa Island) are sometimes grouped with Pacific states in statistics.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Geography, US Census Bureau. "State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates".
  2. ^ a b c d Missing or empty |title= (help) Beca e Became part of the U.S. in 1787
  3. ^ Template:Https://
  4. ^ (PDF) Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Template:Cite web They were welcomed into the U.S. in 1771
  6. ^ Federal Register. Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
1960 United States presidential election in New York

The 1960 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 8, 1960. All 50 states were part of the 1960 United States presidential election. New York voters chose forty five electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

New York was won by Democratic Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts, who was running against incumbent Republican Vice President Richard Nixon. Kennedy was running with Texas Senator, and strongest opponent in the 1960 Democratic Party presidential primaries, Lyndon B. Johnson for vice president, and Nixon ran with internationally popular United States Ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr..

Kennedy won New York with 52.53% of the vote to Nixon's 47.27%, a victory margin of 5.26%.

New York weighed in for this election as 5% more Democratic than the national average.

The presidential election of 1960 was a very partisan election for New York, with 99.8% of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or the Republican Parties. In typical form for the time, the highly populated centers of New York City, Buffalo, and Albany, voted primarily Democratic, while the smaller counties in New York turned out for Nixon as the Republican candidate.

Kennedy won the election in New York by a solid 5 point margin, representing a dramatic shift toward the Democratic Party in the state: just four years earlier, Dwight Eisenhower had carried New York State for the Republicans with over 60% of the vote. The results of this election in New York are typical of the nationwide trend of the urbanization of the Democratic Party, and Kennedy's dominance in heavily populated New York City was a vital component to his victory in the state. Kennedy took 62.62% of the overall vote in New York City, to Nixon's 37.04%, and carried four out of five boroughs. Kennedy's victory in Queens, in the midst of a virtual tie nationwide, marked a dramatic turning point for the heavily populated borough's political leanings. Prior to 1960, Queens had been a Republican borough, only voting Democratic in massive nationwide Democratic landslides; it had not previously gone Democratic since the landslide re-election of Franklin Roosevelt in 1936. Beginning in 1960, Queens became a reliably Democratic borough, and since then has gone Republican only once, in the 1972 Republican landslide.

Nixon for his part ran on a platform of continuing the "peace and prosperity" felt throughout the United States under President Eisenhower, which gained him popularity in the developing regions of the Mid-West and Pacific States, while Kennedy attained his popularity in urban regions, in-part, due to his progressive stand on international politics. This included taking a stronger stance with the Soviet Union, which was a very important issue to many city-dwellers, fearing annihilation during the height of the post-nuclear age.

The electors of New York were vital to Kennedy's overall victory, as he defeated Nixon 303-219 in the United States Electoral College. Had Nixon carried New York, then all other things being equal he would have won pluralities both the popular and electoral vote. However, the Republican nominee would have still finished two votes short of an overall majority in the Electoral College, as he would have had a total of 265 of the 267 pledged electors needed to win compared to 258 for Kennedy. The fourteen unpledged electors of Mississippi and Alabama would have held the balance of power in the Electoral College (unable to influence the overall result, these electors opted to cast their votes in favor of Virginia Senator Harry F. Byrd).

1976 United States presidential election in Hawaii

The 1976 United States presidential election in Hawaii took place on November 4, 1976. All fifty states and the District of Columbia were part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Hawaii voters chose four electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Hawaii was won by Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter by 2.53 points. It was the only postbellum state won by Carter: since William McKinley in 1896 no other candidate has won the presidency whilst winning so few as one postbellum state. In fact, Carter did not win any other state west of the hundredth meridian, including the Pacific states of Oregon and California admitted before the civil war.

2015 International Criminal Court judges election

A special election for one judge of the International Criminal Court was held during the resumption of the 13th session of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court which took place in The Hague from 24 to 25 June 2015.The election became necessary after one judge elected in the 2011 election was unavailable: Miriam Defensor-Santiago had resigned from the bench on 3 June 2014.

Dixie Gridiron Classic

The Dixie Gridiron Classic was a post-season college football all-star game that was played on February 5, 2011, as one of the concluding games of the 2010 college football post-season. The game was played at Hansen Stadium in St. George, Utah on the campus of Dixie State College.

The Dixie Gridiron Classic featured approximately 90 NCAA Division I FBS and FCS standouts from the Pac-12, Big 12, Mountain West, WAC, Conference USA, Big Sky and Pioneer Conferences in the showcase event, which pitted the Pacific States All-Stars against the Mountain States All-Stars. Head coaches of the Pacific and Mountain squads included former NFL Players and College Coaches.Due to the delay of waiting on bowl match ups, and with players and coaches away from schools for the holiday break, the date of the game was moved to February 5, 2011, from January 1, 2011, as was originally intended.Coached by Ron McBride, the Mountain All-Stars won the Dixie Gridiron Classic 17–13, defeating the Pacific All-Stars, who were coached by Roy Shivers.

The game MVP was Mistral Raymond, a safety from South Florida.

Gray fox

The gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), or grey fox, is an omnivorous mammal of the family Canidae, widespread throughout North America and Central America. This species and its only congener, the diminutive Channel Island fox (Urocyon littoralis), are the only living members of the genus Urocyon, which is considered to be the most basal of the living canids. Though it was once the most common fox in the eastern United States, and still is found there, human advancement and deforestation allowed the red fox to become more dominant. The Pacific States still have the gray fox as a dominant. It is the only American canid that can climb trees. Its specific epithet cinereoargenteus means "ashen silver".

Hawk Hill (California)

Hawk Hill is a 923-foot (281 m) peak in the Marin Headlands, just north of the Golden Gate Bridge and across the Golden Gate strait from San Francisco, California. The hill is within the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

It is the lookout point for the largest known flight of diurnal raptors in the Pacific states. Each autumn, from August into December, tens of thousands of hawks, kites, falcons, eagles, vultures, osprey, and harriers are funneled by the peninsular shape of Marin County into the headlands. Hawks avoid flight over water since warm thermals that provide lift are rare. Abundant populations of small mammals protected by the park are one resource that helps maintain the large number of visiting raptors in the Headlands during the fall, but the strong onshore winds hitting the hills of the Headlands provide cold updrafts and hot late summer days provide warm thermals that allow these birds to fly more efficiently.

Volunteers with the Golden Gate Raptor Observatory count and track this fall migration using bird-banding and radio-tracking techniques, all in cooperation with the National Park Service.

Life Chiropractic College West

Life Chiropractic College West is a private college in Hayward, California known for its Doctor of Chiropractic degree program. Founded as Pacific States Chiropractic College in 1976 by Dr. George E. Anderson, the name was changed in 1981 to its current form after a merger with Life Chiropractic College (now Life University).

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 223

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 223 of the United States Reports:

Second Employers' Liability Cases, 223 U.S. 1 (1912)

Quong Wing v. Kirkendall, 223 U.S. 59 (1912)

Noble v. Gallardo y Seary, 223 U.S. 65 (1912)

United States v. Wong You, 223 U.S. 67 (1912)

Louisville & Nashville R. Co. v. F. W. Cook Brewing Co., 223 U.S. 70 (1912)

Waskey v. Hammer, 223 U.S. 85 (1912)

United States ex rel. Lowe v. Fisher, 223 U.S. 95 (1912)

Cherokee Nation v. Whitmire, 223 U.S. 108 (1912)

Pacific States Telephone & Telegraph Co. v. Oregon, 223 U.S. 118 (1912)

Kiernan v. Portland, 223 U.S. 151 (1912)

The Abby Dodge, 223 U.S. 166 (1912)

Hendricks v. United States, 223 U.S. 178 (1912)

Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Tremblay, 223 U.S. 185 (1912)

United States v. Baruch, 223 U.S. 191 (1912)

Jacobs v. Prichard, 223 U.S. 200 (1912)

Fairbanks v. United States, 223 U.S. 215 (1912)

United States Fidelity & Guaranty Co. v. Sandoval, 223 U.S. 227 (1912)

Northwestern Mut. Life Ins. Co. v. McCue, 223 U.S. 234 (1912)

New York Continental Jewell Filtration Co. v. District of Columbia, 223 U.S. 253 (1912)

Jacob v. Roberts, 223 U.S. 261 (1912)

Ker & Co. v. Couden, 223 U.S. 268 (1912)

Atchison, T. & S. F. R. Co. v. O'Connor, 223 U.S. 280 (1912)

Collins v. Texas, 223 U.S. 288 (1912)

Meyer v. Wells, Fargo & Co., 223 U.S. 298 (1912)

Powers v. United States, 223 U.S. 303 (1912)

Rocca v. Thompson, 223 U.S. 317 (1912)

United States Express Co. v. Minnesota, 223 U.S. 335 (1912)

Lincoln Gas & Elec. Light Co. v. City of Lincoln, 223 U.S. 349 (1912)

The San Pedro, 223 U.S. 365 (1912)

Cuebas y Arredondo v. Cuebas y Arredondo, 223 U.S. 376 (1912)

Cincinnati v. Louisville & Nashville R. Co., 223 U.S. 390 (1912)

United States v. Citroen, 223 U.S. 407 (1912)

Ferris v. Frohman, 223 U.S. 424 (1912)

Reitler v. Harris, 223 U.S. 437 (1912)

Diaz v. United States, 223 U.S. 442 (1912)

Gaar, Scott & Co. v. Shannon, 223 U.S. 468 (1912)

New Marshall Engine Co. v. Marshall Engine Co., 223 U.S. 473 (1912)

Galveston, H. & S. A. R. Co. v. Wallace, 223 U.S. 481 (1912)

McCarthy v. First Nat. Bank of Rapid City, 223 U.S. 493 (1912)

Latimer v. United States, 223 U.S. 501 (1912)

Miller v. King, 223 U.S. 505 (1912)

United States v. Nord Deutscher Lloyd, 223 U.S. 512 (1912)

Metropolitan Water Co. v. Kaw Valley Drainage Dist. of Wyandotte Cty., 223 U.S. 519 (1912)

United States v. Ellicott, 223 U.S. 524 (1912)

Ontario Land Co. v. Wilfong, 223 U.S. 543 (1912)

Southern Pacific R. Co. v. United States, 223 U.S. 560 (1912)

United States v. Southern Pacific R. Co., 223 U.S. 565 (1912)

Kansas City Southern R. Co. v. C. H. Albers Commission Co., 223 U.S. 573 (1912)

United States v. Miller, 223 U.S. 599 (1912)

Philadelphia Co. v. Stimson, 223 U.S. 605 (1912)

In re Merchants' Stock & Grain Co., 223 U.S. 639 (1912)

Graham v. Gill, 223 U.S. 643 (1912)

Clason v. Matko, 223 U.S. 646 (1912)

Cedar Rapids Gas Light Co. v. Cedar Rapids, 223 U.S. 655 (1912)

Wingert v. First Nat. Bank of Hagerstown, 223 U.S. 670 (1912)

Tang Tun v. Edsell, 223 U.S. 673 (1912)

United States ex rel. Ness v. Fisher, 223 U.S. 683 (1912)

Ripley v. United States, 223 U.S. 695 (1912)

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 273

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 273 of the United States Reports:

Albrecht v. United States, 273 U.S. 1 (1927)

Florida v. Mellon, 273 U.S. 12 (1927)

Myers v. Hurley Motor Co., 273 U.S. 18 (1927)

Byars v. United States, 273 U.S. 28 (1927)

Di Santo v. Pennsylvania, 273 U.S. 34 (1927)

Interstate Busses Corp. v. Holyoke Street R. Co., 273 U.S. 45 (1927)

FTC v. Pacific States Paper Trade Assn., 273 U.S. 52 (1927)

Maguire & Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 67 (1927)

Liberty Warehouse Co. v. Grannis, 273 U.S. 70 (1927)

Wong Tai v. United States, 273 U.S. 77 (1927)

Public Util. Comm'n of R. I. v. Attleboro Steam & Elec. Co., 273 U.S. 83 (1927)

Oklahoma v. Texas, 273 U.S. 93 (1927)

McGuire v. United States, 273 U.S. 95 (1927)

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 100 (1927)

United States ex rel. Vajtauer v. Commissioner of Immigration, 273 U.S. 103 (1927)

Waggoner Estate v. Wichita County, 273 U.S. 113 (1927)

James-Dickinson Farm Mortgage Co. v. Harry, 273 U.S. 119 (1927)

Missouri ex rel. Wabash R. Co. v. Public Serv. Comm'n, 273 U.S. 126 (1927)

Mosler Safe Co. v. Ely-Norris Safe Co., 273 U.S. 132 (1927)

McGrain v. Daugherty, 273 U.S. 135 (1927)

Great Northern R. Co. v. Sutherland, 273 U.S. 182 (1927)

Jones v. Prairie Oil & Gas Co., 273 U.S. 195 (1927)

Jacob Reed's Sons v. United States, 273 U.S. 200 (1927)

United States v. Noveck, 273 U.S. 202 (1927)

Hartford Accident & Indemnity Co. v. Southern Pacific Co., 273 U.S. 207 (1927)

Charleston Mining Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 220 (1927)

Barrett Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 227 (1927)

De Forest Radio Telephone Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 236 (1927)

Hellmich v. Missouri Pacific R. Co., 273 U.S. 242 (1927)

Oklahoma Natural Gas Co. v. Oklahoma, 273 U.S. 257 (1927)

United States v. Ritterman, 273 U.S. 261 (1927)

American Railway Express Co. v. Kentucky, 273 U.S. 269 (1927)

American Railway Express Co. v. Royster Guano Co., 273 U.S. 274 (1927)

Louisiana & Western R. Co. v. Gardiner, 273 U.S. 280 (1927)

Farrington v. Tokushige, 273 U.S. 284 (1927)

United States v. Los Angeles & Salt Lake R. Co., 273 U.S. 299 (1927)

Pueblo of Santa Rosa v. Fall, 273 U.S. 315 (1927)

Louisville & Nashville R. Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 321 (1927)

Davis Sewing Machine Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 324 (1927)

Sacramento Nav. Co. v. Salz, 273 U.S. 326 (1927)

Smyer v. United States, 273 U.S. 333 (1927)

United States v. Burton Coal Co., 273 U.S. 337 (1927)

Missouri Pacific R. Co. v. Porter, 273 U.S. 341 (1927)

Bowers v. New York & Albany Lighterage Co., 273 U.S. 346 (1927)

Quon Quon Poy v. Johnson, 273 U.S. 352 (1927)

Eastman Kodak Co. of N. Y. v. Southern Photo Materials Co., 273 U.S. 359 (1927)

Myers v. International Trust Co., 273 U.S. 380 (1927)

Fred T. Ley & Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 386 (1927)

Smith v. Wilson, 273 U.S. 388 (1927)

United States v. Trenton Potteries Co., 273 U.S. 392 (1927)

Swiss Oil Co. v. Shanks, 273 U.S. 407 (1927)

Hayman v. Galveston, 273 U.S. 414 (1927)

Tyson & Brother v. Banton, 273 U.S. 418 (1927)

Pan American Petroleum & Transport Co. v. United States, 273 U.S. 456 (1927)

Tumey v. Ohio, 273 U.S. 510 (1927)

Nixon v. Herndon, 273 U.S. 536 (1927)

Ingenohl v. Olsen & Co., 273 U.S. 541 (1927)

Shukert v. Allen, 273 U.S. 545 (1927)

First Nat. Bank of Hartford v. Hartford, 273 U.S. 548 (1927)

Minnesota v. First Nat. Bank of St. Paul, 273 U.S. 561 (1927)

Georgetown Nat. Bank v. McFarland, 273 U.S. 568 (1927)

United States v. Shelby Iron Co., 273 U.S. 571 (1927)

Shields v. United States, 273 U.S. 583 (1927)

Kelley v. Oregon, 273 U.S. 589 (1927)

Ford v. United States, 273 U.S. 593 (1927)

Railroad and Warehouse Comm'n of Minn. v. Duluth Street R. Co., 273 U.S. 625 (1927)

Beech-Nut Packing Co. v. P. Lorillard Co., 273 U.S. 629 (1927)

Harmon v. Tyler, 273 U.S. 668 (1927)

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 296

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 296 of the United States Reports:

Douglas v. Willcuts, 296 U.S. 1 (1935)

Borax Consol., Ltd. v. Los Angeles, 296 U.S. 10 (1935)

Graham v. White-Phillips Co., 296 U.S. 27 (1935)

Atlanta, B. & C. R. Co. v. United States, 296 U.S. 33 (1935)

Helvering v. St. Louis Union Trust Co., 296 U.S. 39 (1935)

Becker v. St. Louis Union Trust Co., 296 U.S. 48 (1935)

Chandler & Price Co. v. Brandtjen & Kluge, Inc., 296 U.S. 53 (1935)

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc. v. United States, 296 U.S. 60 (1935)

Di Giovanni v. Camden, 296 U.S. 64 (1935)

Becker Steel Co. of America v. Cummings, 296 U.S. 74 (1935)

Helvering v. City Bank Farmers Trust Co., 296 U.S. 85 (1935)

Helvering v. Helmholz, 296 U.S. 93 (1935)

White v. Poor, 296 U.S. 98 (1935)

McFeely v. Commissioner, 296 U.S. 102 (1935)

Schuylkill Trust Co. v. Pennsylvania, 296 U.S. 113 (1935)

American Surety Co. v. Westinghouse Elec. Mfg. Co., 296 U.S. 133 (1935)

McCandless v. Furlaud, 296 U.S. 140 (1935)

Pacific States Box & Basket Co. v. White, 296 U.S. 176 (1935)

Chesapeake & Ohio R. Co. v. United States, 296 U.S. 187 (1935) (per curiam)

United States v. Hastings, 296 U.S. 188 (1935)

General Util. & Operating Co. v. Helvering, 296 U.S. 200 (1935)

Fox Film Corp. v. Muller, 296 U.S. 207 (1935)

Bingham v. United States, 296 U.S. 211 (1935)

Industrial Trust Co. v. United States, 296 U.S. 220 (1935)

Alexander v. Hillman, 296 U.S. 222 (1935)

Klamath v. United States, 296 U.S. 244 (1935)

Miller v. Irving Trust Co., 296 U.S. 256 (1935)

New Jersey v. New York City, 296 U.S. 259 (1935)

Clyde Mallory Lines v. Alabama ex rel. State Docks Comm'n, 296 U.S. 261 (1935)

Milwaukee County v. M. E. White Co., 296 U.S. 268 (1935)

Del Vecchio v. Bowers, 296 U.S. 280 (1935)

United States v. Constantine, 296 U.S. 287 (1935)

United States v. Kesterson, 296 U.S. 299 (1935)

Hulburd v. Commissioner, 296 U.S. 300 (1935)

Hopkins Fed. Sav. & Loan Assn. v. Cleary, 296 U.S. 315 (1935)

Morrissey v. Commissioner, 296 U.S. 344 (1935)

Swanson v. Commissioner, 296 U.S. 362 (1935)

Helvering v. Combs, 296 U.S. 365 (1935)

Helvering v. Coleman-Gilbert Associates, 296 U.S. 369 (1935)

John A. Nelson Co. v. Helvering, 296 U.S. 374 (1935)

Helvering v. Minnesota Tea Co., 296 U.S. 378 (1935)

Helvering v. Watts, 296 U.S. 387 (1935)

G. & K. Mfg. Co. v. Helvering, 296 U.S. 389 (1935)

Bus & Transport Securities Corp. v. Helvering, 296 U.S. 391 (1935)

Hill v. Martin, 296 U.S. 393 (1935)

Colgate v. Harvey, 296 U.S. 404 (1935)

United States v. Halsey, Stuart & Co., 296 U.S. 451 (1935) (per curiam)

Corporation Comm'n of Okla. v. Cary, 296 U.S. 452 (1935) (per curiam)

Radio Corp. of America v. Raytheon Mfg. Co., 296 U.S. 459 (1935)

United States v. Bank of New York & Trust Co., 296 U.S. 463 (1936)

United States Trust Co. of N. Y. v. Commissioner, 296 U.S. 481 (1936)

Helvering v. McIlvaine, 296 U.S. 488 (1936)

Legg v. St. John, 296 U.S. 489 (1936)

Posadas v. National City Bank, 296 U.S. 497 (1936)

Public Serv. Comm'n of P. R. v. Havemeyer, 296 U.S. 506 (1936)

Oklahoma ex rel. Oklahoma Tax Comm'n v. Barnsdall Refineries, Inc., 296 U.S. 521 (1936)

Chapman v. Hoage, 296 U.S. 526 (1936)

Brown v. Mississippi, 296 U.S. 559 (1935) (cert. granted)

List of lighthouses in the United States

This is a list of lighthouses in the United States. The United States has had approximately a thousand lights as well as light towers, range lights, and pier head lights. Michigan has the most lights of any state with over 150 past and present lights. Lighthouses that are in former U.S. territories are not listed here.

Most of the lights in the United States have been built and maintained by the Coast Guard (since 1939) and its predecessors, the United States Lighthouse Service (1910–1939) and the United States Lighthouse Board (1852–1910). Before the Lighthouse Board was established, local collectors of customs were responsible for lighthouses under Stephen Pleasonton. As their importance to navigation has declined and as public interest in them has increased, the Coast Guard has been handing over ownership and in some cases responsibility for running them to other parties, the chief of them being the National Park Service under the National Historic Lighthouse Preservation Act of 2000.

Note: Click on the state of your choice in the tables below to link you to lighthouses in that state.

Pacific Bell

The Pacific Bell Telephone Company (Pacific Bell) is a telephone company that provides telephone service in California. The company is owned by AT&T Inc. through AT&T Teleholdings, and, though separate, is now marketed as “AT&T”. The company has been known by a number of names during which its service area has changed. The formal name of the company from the 1910s through the 1984 Bell System divestiture was The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company. As of 2002, the name “Pacific Bell” is no longer used in marketing, Pacific Bell is still the holder of record for the infrastructure of cables and fiber through much of California.

Pacific Coast League

The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a Minor League Baseball league operating in the Western, Midwestern, and Southeastern United States. Along with the International League and the Mexican League, it is one of three leagues playing at the Triple-A level, which is one grade below Major League Baseball. It is officially named the Pacific Coast League of Professional Baseball Clubs, Inc. Its headquarters are in Round Rock, Texas.Upon its founding in 1903, the Pacific Coast League fielded six teams from the Pacific States of California, Oregon, and Washington. Today, the league is composed of 16 teams across 12 states stretching from Sacramento, California, to Nashville, Tennessee, and from Tacoma, Washington, to New Orleans, Louisiana.

The PCL was one of the premier regional baseball leagues in the first half of the 20th century. Although it was never recognized as a true major league, to which it aspired, its quality of play was considered very high. A number of top stars of the era, including Joe DiMaggio and Ted Williams, were products of the league.

In 1958, with the arrival of major league teams on the west coast and the availability of televised major league games, the PCL's modern era began with each team signing Player Development Contracts to become farm teams of major league clubs.

A league champion is determined at the end of every season. The San Francisco Seals won 14 Pacific Coast League titles, the most in the league's history, followed by the Los Angeles Angels (12) and the Albuquerque Dukes and Portland Beavers (8). After the season, the PCL champion plays in the Triple-A National Championship Game against the International League champion to determine an overall champion of Triple-A baseball. The Omaha Storm Chasers and Sacramento River Cats have each won two national championships, more than any other PCL teams.

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six Asia-Pacific states with which ASEAN has existing free trade agreements (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand). It is reported that a broad agreement is likely to be reached in November 2018.RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia. The free trade agreement is scheduled and expected to be signed in November 2018 during the ASEAN Summit and Related Summit in Singapore, after the first RCEP summit was held on 14 November 2017 in Manila, Philippines. RCEP is viewed as an alternative to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a proposed trade agreement which includes several Asian and American nations but excludes China and India.In 2017, prospective RCEP member states accounted for a population of 3.4 billion people with a total Gross Domestic Product (GDP, PPP) of $49.5 trillion, approximately 39 percent of the world's GDP, with the combined GDPs of China and India making up more than half that amount.

RCEP is the world's largest economic bloc, covering nearly half of the global economy. According to estimates by PwC, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP, PPP) of RCEP member states is likely to amount to nearly $250 trillion by 2050, or a quarter of a quadrillion dollars, with the combined GDPs of China and India making up more than 75% of the amount. RCEP's share of the global economy could account for half of the estimated $0.5 quadrillion global (GDP, PPP) by 2050.

Selleck, Washington

Selleck is a former company town in Washington, located at 47°22′33″N 121°52′0″W. As the sole surviving company mill town in King County, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and as a King County landmark. It was founded in 1908.

Located on the plain abutting the mountains of southeast King County, Selleck was the company town of Pacific States Lumber, under the direction of lumberman Frank Selleck. It was completed in 1916, accessed by the world's highest railway trestle, 204 feet above the Cedar River. The mill played a role in the rebuilding of Tokyo after the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake. At that time many Japanese workers and their families came to Selleck. This was not the first time Japanese workmen were brought to the mill.The Japanese area outside the main town was officially known as Lavender Town (after the owner of a local saloon and general store), but was better known as Jap Town. Children of the Japanese workers attended the Selleck School, and also attended a Japanese-language school on Wednesday and Saturday mornings. However, few traces remain of Lavender Town today, not even grave markers (which are believed to have been made of wood). The only visible indication of the former Japanese presence is a pond landscaped with bamboo. Hence, Selleck's landmark designations do not include the former Lavender Town, because so few traces remain. It is possible that future archaeological excavations might lead to such a designation.At its peak, Selleck had a population of 900 and had a hospital, a hotel, a community hall with weekly dances, a school and several mill buildings. Pacific States Lumber declared bankruptcy in 1939, bringing an end to Selleck's prosperity. The town of Selleck went through a series of owners—the first purchased it for a mere $3,000—before Robert Schaefer, a general contractor from Renton, Washington, formed an investor group to buy the town in 1971.Schaefer's vision for the town was not fully achieved. He hoped to restore the millpond, with paddleboats, a train around the pond, and a logging theme park. However, this proved impossible due to a combination of wetlands regulation and lack of sufficient funding.There were serious problems with the town's water system in the 1990s.As of 2007, the town was managed through Selleck, Inc. by Robert Schaefer's son Tim Schaefer. The former two-story schoolhouse and former community hall remains. About half of the original single-story company houses remain,

and about 90 people live in 20 bungalows. A four-bedroom house in Selleck rents for about what a two-bedroom apartment costs in more accessible parts of the county.

The Man in the High Castle

The Man in the High Castle (1962) is an alternate history novel by American writer Philip K. Dick. Set in 1962, fifteen years after an alternative ending to World War II, the novel concerns intrigues between the victorious Axis Powers—primarily, Imperial Japan and Nazi Germany—as they rule over the former United States, as well as daily life under the resulting totalitarian rule. The Man in the High Castle won the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1963. Beginning in 2015, the book was adapted as a multi-season TV series, with Dick's daughter, Isa Dick Hackett, serving as one of the show's producers.

Reported inspirations include Ward Moore's alternate Civil War history, Bring the Jubilee (1953), various classic World War II histories, and the I Ching (referred to in the novel). The novel features a "novel within the novel" comprising an alternate history within this alternate history wherein the Allies defeat the Axis (though in a manner distinct from the actual historical outcome).

The Man in the High Castle (TV series)

The Man in the High Castle is an American television series depicting a dystopian alternate history. Created by Frank Spotnitz, the series is produced by Amazon Studios, Scott Free Productions, Headline Pictures, Electric Shepherd Productions, and Big Light Productions. The series is based on the 1962 novel of the same name by Philip K. Dick.In the alternative 1962, the Axis powers have won World War II and divided the United States into the Greater Nazi Reich (with New York City as its regional capital), comprising more than half of the eastern part of the United States, and the Japanese Pacific States (with San Francisco as capital) to the west. These territories are separated by a neutral zone (with Denver as its possibly unofficial capital) that encompasses the Rocky Mountains. The series follows characters whose destinies intertwine when they come into contact with a series of newsreels that show Germany losing the war.

The pilot, which premiered in January 2015, was Amazon's "most-watched since the original series development program began". The next month, Amazon ordered a ten-episode season, which was released in November to positive reviews. A second season of ten episodes premiered in December 2016, and a third season was announced a few weeks later and released on October 5, 2018. In July 2018, it was announced at San Diego Comic-Con that the series had been renewed for a fourth season, which was confirmed in February 2019 to be the last one of the series.

West Coast of the United States

The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the coastline along which the continental Western United States meets the North Pacific Ocean. As a region, this term most often refers to the coastal states of California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska. More specifically, it refers to an area defined on the east by the Alaska Range, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, and Mojave Desert, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. The United States Census groups the five states of California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii together as the Pacific States division.

Western United States

The Western United States (also called the American West, the Far West, and the West) is the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States. As European settlement in the U.S. expanded westward through the centuries, the meaning of the term the West changed. Before about 1800, the crest of the Appalachian Mountains was seen as the western frontier. The frontier moved westward and eventually the lands west of the Mississippi River were considered the West.The U.S. Census Bureau's definition of the 13 westernmost states includes the Rocky Mountains and the Great Basin to the West Coast, and the outlying states, Alaska and Hawaii.

The West contains several major biomes, including arid and semi-arid plateaus and plains, particularly in the American Southwest; forested mountains, including two major ranges, the American Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains; the massive coastal shoreline of the American Pacific Coast; and the rainforests of the Pacific Northwest.

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