Pacific Wings

Pacific Wings Airline was an American commuter airline headquartered in Mesa, Arizona, United States in Greater Phoenix. The airline operated flights under the brands New Mexico Airlines in New Mexico, GeorgiaSkies in Georgia, TennesseeSkies in Tennessee, and KentuckySkies in Kentucky, as well as under the Pacific Wings name in Hawaii. The airline was closed in 2014.

Pacific Wings
Pacific Wings Airlines logo
IATA ICAO Callsign
LW NMI TSUNAMI
Founded1974 (in Las Vegas, NV as Air Nevada Airlines Inc.)
HeadquartersMesa, Arizona
Key peopleGreg Kahlstorf (CEO)
Gabriel Kimbrell (President)

History

Pacific Wings C208 N301PW OGG
Pacific Wings Cessna 208B Grand Caravan at Kahului Airport.

The airline was established and started operations in July 1974 when it was incorporated as Air Nevada, an on-demand charter operator. Scheduled passenger services started in 1978 with the airline operating nonstop flights between Las Vegas and Grand Canyon National Park Airport with Cessna 402 twin prop aircraft.[1] After Eagle Canyon Airlines acquired its network of tour operators, Air Nevada ceased operations in January 1998, changed its operating name to Pacific Wings and continued its scheduled services within Hawaii. It is owned by Greg Kahlstorf (50%) and Frank Ford (50%).[2]

On February 1, 2007, the airline began operating flights between Honolulu and Molokai, Honolulu and Lanai, and Kahului and Molokai as PW Express, offering $49 one way fares on every seat on every flight. Service to Kapalua, West Maui began a month later.[3] PW Express service terminated in July 2009 in the wake of Pacific Wings cutbacks following an incident with airport security in Kahului.

In May 2013, the airline confirmed reports that it would be ending all flights in Hawaii on June 15, 2013. By the time the reports emerged, the airline had reduced its service to Honolulu, Kahului, Kona, and Molokai; having eliminated flights Hana, Kalaupapa, and Kamuela.[4]

Corporate affairs

The airline was headquartered in Mesa, Arizona in Greater Phoenix.[5]

The airline previously had its headquarters in Dallas, Texas.[6] Previously the headquarters were in the Kahului Airport Commuter Terminal in Kahului Airport in Maui, Hawaii.[7]

Subsidiaries

The following airline divisions of Pacific Wings all used the same call sign of Tsunami, two letter IATA codes (LW), and ICAO 3 letter code - (NMI). As for FAA DOT regulating purposes they are all the same airline. For marketing purposes, the operations were segmented into various divisions.

New Mexico Airlines

In January 2007, the airline applied for Essential Air Service subsidies to serve Clovis and Silver City, New Mexico from Albuquerque, competing with a bid from incumbent operator Great Lakes Aviation, and to serve Hobbs and Carlsbad, New Mexico, competing with a bid from incumbent operator Air Midwest. Pacific Wings has said the airline would serve the routes with Cessna Grand Caravan aircraft, and would aim to wean the routes off subsidy service, as it has done in Hawaii. It would also serve other destinations from Albuquerque without a subsidy.[8][9]

In March 2007, both the Lea County Commission (which oversees the airport in Hobbs) and the Carlsbad City Council voted unanimously to support Pacific Wings' bid to replace Mesa's EAS contract to both airports. In addition to subsidized service to Albuquerque and El Paso, Texas, the airline has also proposed unsubsidized service to Lubbock and Midland-Odessa, Texas and Santa Fe, New Mexico. It was also reported that the airline had withdrawn its bid for service to Silver City after local officials declined to meet with airline representatives.[10] The United States Department of Transportation issued an order selecting Pacific Wings for the Hobbs and Carlsbad service on March 30, 2007.[11] Flights in New Mexico began on July 1, 2007, under the name New Mexico Airlines.[12] As of December 2014, New Mexico Airlines terminated service.

GeorgiaSkies

In June 2008, Pacific Wings was awarded an EAS contract for service to Athens Benn Epps Airport, Georgia and Middle Georgia Regional Airport in Macon, Georgia. The airline began operating flights from Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta under the name GeorgiaSkies using Cessna Grand Caravan aircraft on September 29, 2008.[13] However, as of January 2013, GeorgeSkies reportedly no longer flies between Macon and Atlanta,[14] although GeorgiaSkies has a press release stating that "GeorgiaSkies has been ordered to continue serving the City until a replacement carrier can be found."[15] For a brief period Macon was without air service as the replacement carrier Sun Air International was unable to begin operations on the slated date. Eventually, Silver Airways began EAS service to Macon.

TennesseeSkies/KentuckySkies

In mid-2009 Pacific Wings was awarded a contract to provide EAS service from Jackson, Tennessee and Owensboro, Kentucky. Marketed as TennesseeSkies in Jackson and KentuckySkies in Owensboro, flights from both cities would be offered to Nashville, Tennessee with some flights continuing to Atlanta, Georgia. Service began on August 30, 2009.[16] On June 30, 2011 Pacific Wings filed with the United States Department of Transportation a 90-day notice of its intent to terminate service effective September 30, 2011 saying it is “unable to procure counter or gate space at Nashville International Airport on reasonable terms.” The DOT prohibited the airline from suspending service until a replacement carrier began service.[17] Eventually replacement carriers were procured (Cape Air in Owensboro and SeaPort Airlines in Jackson) and TennesseeSkies/KentuckySkies ceased operation in early 2012.

Incidents and Accidents

On July 12, 1993, when the airline was still known as Air Nevada, a Cessna 402C with registration N818AN crashed after takeoff from McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada. The flight was destined for the Grand Canyon, but after liftoff the pilot advised the air traffic controller that the baggage door was open and requested to return to the airport for landing. The pilot and both passengers on board were killed. The National Transportation Safety Board determined the probable cause of the accident to be the pilot's failure to maintain adequate airspeed while maneuvering in the traffic pattern, with the pilot's failure to assure that the nose baggage compartment door was secured as an additional factor.[18]

Incidents with Airport Security

After several videotaped incidents in 2005, Pacific Wings accused the security firm Wackenhut of harassment.

The first known recorded incident reported in the media happened in October 2005, after the President of the airline and one of his employees were attacked by Wackenhut Security Manager "Butch" Tam Ho in an airport conference room during a meeting in which Pacific Wings requested to bring repeated incidents of harassment by Wackenhut personnel to the attention of airport management. The airline President and his employee were then placed under citizen's arrest by Wackenhut personnel and held for hours without being Mirandized or allowed access to a telephone. The airline executive was knocked unconscious during the event, and his employee suffered a facial fracture. Neither the Pacific Wings President nor the employee were ever charged by prosecutors with any crime, and both arrest records were expunged six months after the incident. Tam Ho was indicted on two counts of witness tampering by a federal Grand Jury in May 2008 and faces up to 10 years in prison in connection with the event.[19] The case went to trial in early 2009, and on October 16, 2009, Tam Ho was found not guilty on all counts due to a legal technicality involving whether Tam Ho's admitted assault was done under color of law.

On November 14, 2005, another employee was accosted by another Wackenhut Security Guard while unloading supplies at the same airport. The employee videotaped the entire incident. On the videotape clip repeatedly broadcast in local media, the guard is shown threatening to kill the employee with a sidearm, shoving and cursing at the employee, and spitting on the employee. The guard, Eric Brown, was arrested by Maui Police and charged with terroristic threatening. Brown was later banned from working on any state property or facility.[20]

On July 8, 2009, Pacific Wings temporarily suspended its Hawaii operations a day after an alleged confrontation between airline employees and Securitas airport police attempting to deliver a citation to Gabe Kimbrell, the airline's president and chief operations officer, in connection with a fuel spill and alleged improper storage of fuel in the airline's Kahului hangar the previous month.[21] The airline resumed flights two days later, announcing that it was reducing service to just three routes, completely eliminating service to Kona and increasing ticket prices.[22]

Fleet

The Pacific Wings fleet was composed of single engine Cessna 208B Grand Caravan aircraft. Prior to the acquisition of the Cessna 208, the airline operated a fleet of twin engine Cessna 402 aircraft.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Nov. 15, 1979 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Grand Canyon to Las Vegas flight schedules
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-10. p. 60.
  3. ^ Segal, Dave (2007-01-18). "Pacific Wings joins airlines offering $49 fare". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  4. ^ Segal, Dave (May 13, 2013). "Pacific Wings pulling out of Hawaii". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  5. ^ Segal, Dave. "Pacific Wings lambastes Mokulele's entry into Hana market." Honolulu Star Advertiser. September 6, 2012. Retrieved on March 30, 2013. "Pacific Wings, which moved its headquarters to Mesa, Ariz., from Kahului several years ago[...]" - Also on HighBeam Business
  6. ^ "Customer Care." Pacific Wings. Retrieved on July 4, 2009. "Pacific Wings 5950 Berkshire Lane, Suite 800 Dallas TX 75225-5836"
  7. ^ "Customer Care." Pacific Wings. July 4, 2007. Retrieved on November 29, 2012. "Pacific Wings Airlines Kahului Airport Commuter Terminal 1 Kahului Airport Road Kahului, HI 96732 "
  8. ^ Eagar, Harry (2007-01-09). "Pacific spreading Wings beyond Hawaii". The Maui News. Archived from the original on 2007-01-13. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  9. ^ "Proposal to Provide Essential Air Service at Hobbs (Docket OST-2000- 12800) and Carlsbad (Docket OST-2000- 12802), New Mexico" (PDF). 2007-01-18. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  10. ^ Eagar, Harry (2007-03-12). "TIDES OF COMMERCE: Pacific Wings takes place of Mesa in New Mexico market". The Maui News.
  11. ^ "Order Selecting Carrier and Setting Final Subsidy Rates" (TIFF). United States Department of Transportation. 2007-03-30. Retrieved 2007-03-30.
  12. ^ Marksteiner, Kyle (2007-06-28). "New airline service provider takes over Sunday". Carlsbad Current-Argus. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
  13. ^ Yamanouchi, Kelly (2008-09-25). "New airline to offer Atlanta-Athens flights". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
  14. ^ Gaines, Jim (2013-01-31). "GeorgiaSkies stops flying from Macon airport". Macon, GA, USA: Macon.com]. Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2013-02-15.
  15. ^ "MORE TURBULENCE FOR AIRPORT, SUBSIDIZED SERVICE" (PDF). pacificwings.com. Mesa, AZ, USA. 2013-02-08. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2013-02-15.
  16. ^ Keller, Rudi (2009-08-09). "Other cities in Great Lakes Airlines' contract find new carrier". Southeast Missourian. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  17. ^ "Regulations.gov 2011-8-6 Order Prohibiting Termination of Service and Requesting Proposals". US DOT. 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
  18. ^ "LAX93FA287". National Transportation Safety Board. 1994-06-22. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  19. ^ Wilson, Christie (2005-10-22). "Assault alleged at Maui airport". The Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2006-12-12.
  20. ^ Kubota, Gary (2005-11-17). "State bans guard over threats on videotape". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2006-12-12.
  21. ^ Eagar, Harry (2009-07-09). "Pacific Wings stops flying after confrontation". The Maui News. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
  22. ^ Baehr, Brooks (2009-07-10). "Pacific Wings Cutting Flights & Employees". KGMB. Archived from the original on 2009-09-21. Retrieved 2013-02-21.

External links

Air Freight NZ

Air Freight NZ was a cargo airline based in Auckland, New Zealand. It operated scheduled overnight cargo services on behalf of owner Freightways, and is supported by sister company Fieldair holdings. Domestic charter services are also operated. Its main base is Auckland Airport, with hubs at Christchurch International Airport and Palmerston North International Airport.

Alamogordo–White Sands Regional Airport

Alamogordo–White Sands Regional Airport (IATA: ALM, ICAO: KALM, FAA LID: ALM) is a city-owned public-use airport located four nautical miles (5 mi, 7 km) southwest of the central business district of Alamogordo, a city in Otero County, New Mexico, United States. It was formerly known as Alamogordo Municipal Airport.

The airport does not presently have any commercial air service. New Mexico Airlines discontinued service to the airport on April 1, 2012 after the airport lost eligibility for subsidies through the Essential Air Service program.

As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 414 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 505 enplanements in 2009, and 369 in 2010. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a general aviation airport (the commercial service category requires at least 2,500 enplanements per year).

GeorgiaSkies

GeorgiaSkies was an American commuter airline brand founded by Pacific Air Holdings to operate flights in Georgia after the airline was awarded an Essential Air Service contract to serve Athens and Macon, Georgia. The airline started flights on September 29, 2008 and used the airline identifiers and call signs of its parent company Pacific Wings. The airline was headquartered in Dallas, Texas.

Hana Airport

Hana Airport (IATA: HNM, ICAO: PHHN, FAA LID: HNM) is a regional public use airport of the State of Hawaiʻi on the east shore of the island of Maui, 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) northwest of the unincorporated town of Hana. The airport was officially opened on November 11, 1950. It is primarily a commuter facility used by unscheduled air taxis and general aviation. As air traffic increases, the Hawaiʻi State Legislature will consider future improvements including the construction of a taxiway paralleling the runway, widening of access roads and expansion of passenger terminals and parking facilities.

Scheduled commercial airline service provided Pacific Wings was subsidized by the Essential Air Service program until April 1, 2007, when Pacific Wings began providing subsidy-free service; however, with fares as high as $200 each way, most travelers opted to drive rather than fly. According to U.S. Department of Transportation data, Pacific Wings transported only 375 passengers in the first 10 months of 2012, while Mokulele Airlines claims to have transported 1706 passengers since October 2012, according to their EAS bid for Kamuela service on May 23, 2013.

As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 1,462 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 682 enplanements in 2009, and 132 in 2010. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a basic general aviation facility.

Kalaupapa Airport

Kalaupapa Airport (IATA: LUP, ICAO: PHLU, FAA LID: LUP) is a regional public use airport of the state of Hawaii, located on the northern peninsula of the island of Molokaʻi, two nautical miles (4 km) north of Kalaupapa Settlement, in Kalawao County. Most flights to Kalaupapa originate from Molokai Airport or from airports on the other Hawaiian islands by unscheduled air taxis and general aviation. It is also used as a cargo facility carrying goods for Kalaupapa, which has no road access from the rest of Molokai.

The airport offers scheduled passenger service from Makani Kai Air, which began providing Essential Air Service (EAS) subsidized scheduled passenger service in January 2012, using two nine-seat Cessna Grand Caravans. Previously, Pacific Wings had provided scheduled passenger service at Kalaupapa; this was subsidized by the EAS program from 2000 until April 2007, when Pacific Wings began providing subsidy-free service. Pacific Wings ceased operations in Hawaii in 2013.The scheduled service from Kalaupapa to Molokai Airport is among the Shortest flights|shortest scheduled flights in the world.As per the Federal Aviation Administration, this airport had 3,206 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2007, 3,135 enplanements in 2008, 2,035 in 2009, and 1,217 in 2010. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a non-primary commercial service facility.

KentuckySkies

KentuckySkies was a subsidiary of Pacific Wings founded in 2009. The carrier was offered to fly to the destinations stated below on an Essential Air Service contract. Also travelers can connect to sister carrier Georgia Skies at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. On June 30, 2011 Pacific Wings filed with the United States Department of Transportation a 90-day notice of its intent to terminate service effective September 30, 2011 saying it is "unable to procure counter or gate space at Nashville International Airport on reasonable terms." The DOT prohibited the airline from suspending service until a replacement carrier began service. Eventually a replacement carrier was procured in Cape Air and KentuckySkies ceased operation in early 2012.

List of Hawaii companies

The following list of Hawaii companies includes notable companies that are, or once were, headquartered in Hawaii.

List of airline codes (P)

This is a list of all airline codes. The table lists the IATA airline designators, the ICAO airline designators and the airline call signs (telephony designator). Historical assignments are also included for completeness.

List of airline holding companies

This is a list of airline holding companies, that either own more than one airline or are the parent company of a single airline.

A company or firm in which the holding company owns a significant portion of voting shares, usually 20–50% or a "minority of share ownership", is known as an associate company. A company in which the holding company owns more than 50% voting shares or a "majority of share ownership" is known as a subsidiary. The holding company thus can also be referred to as the parent company at that stage.

To create the world's largest carrier, American Airlines and US Airways merged on 9 December 2013, with the frequent flier programs combined on 7 January 2014, and the airline codeshare beginning February 2014 using the American flight number.

List of airlines of Hawaii

The following is a list of airlines that are based in the U.S. state of Hawaii.

List of defunct airlines of the United States

This is a list of defunct airlines of the United States. However, some of these airlines have changed identities and/or FAA certificates and are still operating under a different name (e.g. America West Airlines changed to use the identity of US Airways in 2005 - which itself also changed identity to American Airlines in 2015).

Middle Georgia Regional Airport

Middle Georgia Regional Airport (IATA: MCN, ICAO: KMCN, FAA LID: MCN) is a city-owned, public-use airport located nine nautical miles (10 mi, 17 km) south of the central business district of Macon, a city in Bibb County, Georgia, United States. It is mostly used for general aviation, but is also served by one commercial airline.

As per the Federal Aviation Administration, this airport had 10,029 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 1,866 in 2009, and 1,296 in 2010. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a primary commercial service airport based on enplanements in 2008 (more than 10,000 per year).

New Mexico Airlines

New Mexico Airlines was an American commuter airline brand founded by Pacific Air Holdings to operate flights in New Mexico after the airline was awarded an Essential Air Service contract to serve Hobbs and Carlsbad, New Mexico. The airline started flights on July 1, 2007, and uses the airline identifiers and call signs of its parent company Pacific Wings. Despite having "New Mexico" in the name, the brand was actually headquartered in Mesa, Arizona, in metropolitan Phoenix.

Owensboro–Daviess County Regional Airport

Owensboro–Daviess County Airport (IATA: OWB, ICAO: KOWB, FAA LID: OWB) is a public use airport located three miles southwest of Owensboro, in Daviess County, Kentucky. The airport is owned by both the city and county. It is used for general aviation and is served by two airlines; scheduled passenger service is subsidized by the Essential Air Service program.

Federal Aviation Administration records say this airport had 23,537 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2016. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021 categorized it as a primary commercial service airport.

Regional airline

Regional airlines are airlines that operate regional aircraft to provide passenger air service to communities without sufficient demand to attract mainline service. There are two main ways for a regional airline to do business:

As an affiliated airline, contracting with a major airline, operating under their brand name (for example, Endeavor Air operates flights under the Delta Connection brand name for Delta Air Lines), and filling two roles: delivering passengers to the major airline's hubs from surrounding towns, and increasing frequency of service on mainline routes during times when demand does not warrant use of large aircraft, known as commuter flights.

Operating as an independent airline under their own brand, mostly providing service to small and isolated towns, for whom the airline is the only reasonable link to a larger town. Examples of this are PenAir, which links the remote Aleutian Islands to Anchorage, Alaska, and Mokulele Airlines, which operates in the Hawaiian islands.Small regional airlines operating in the U.S. during the 1960s and 1970s were also known as commuter airlines and were classified as such in the Official Airline Guide (OAG).

Sun Air Express

Sun Air Express was a United States airline with its headquarters in Dania Beach, Florida in Greater Miami (the headquarters had a Fort Lauderdale mailing address). It operates charter services as well as scheduled passenger services subsidized under the federal Essential Air Service (EAS) program.

The airline ended subsidized scheduled service to Victoria Regional Airport from George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, Texas on October 31, 2014 after its two-year EAS contract expired. A little over a month later Sun Air began service from Washington Dulles International Airport to Lancaster Airport (Pennsylvania) and Hagerstown Regional Airport in Maryland.Sun Air had planned to begin service between Atlanta and Middle Georgia Regional Airport in Macon, Georgia on December 1, 2012. However, the airline decided to pull out of the airport deal.Sun Air Express had a focus city at Pittsburgh International Airport and provided frequent daily service to Altoona, Hagerstown (Maryland), Jamestown (New York), Lancaster, Bradford and Franklin/Oil City.

Upon beginning scheduled service, Sun Air Express' passenger bookings were handled by Pacific Wings and their flight listings in travel reservation systems were under Pacific Wings' IATA code, LW. On April 21, 2015, Sun Air Express flights began being handled by and listed under the code of Mokulele Airlines, (6G).As of November 2013, Sun Air International received $6,583,848 in annual Federal subsidies for Essential Air Services that they provided to Hagerstown, Maryland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania and Victoria, Texas airports in the U.S.On March 7, 2016, Southern Airways Express bought Sun Air Express for an undisclosed amount. It will continue the routes currently running and will keep the focus cities that were established by Sun Air. The company withdrew from its Jamestown service after losing Essential Air Service funding.

TennesseeSkies

TennesseeSkies was a subsidiary of Pacific Wings founded in 2009. The carrier was offered to fly to the destinations stated below on an Essential Air Service contract. Also travelers could connect to sister carrier Georgia Skies at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. On June 30, 2011 Pacific Wings filed with the United States Department of Transportation a 90-day notice of its intent to terminate service effective September 30, 2011 saying it is “unable to procure counter or gate space at Nashville International Airport on reasonable terms.” The DOT prohibited the airline from suspending service until a replacement carrier began service. Eventually a replacement carrier was procured in SeaPort Airlines to Jackson and TennesseeSkies ceased operation in early 2012.

Waimea-Kohala Airport

Waimea-Kohala Airport (IATA: MUE, ICAO: PHMU, FAA LID: MUE) is a state owned, public use airport located one nautical mile (2 km) southwest of Kamuela (also known as Waimea), an unincorporated town in Hawai‘i County, Hawai‘i, United States.

Hawaiian Airlines began scheduled passenger service from the airport in November 1953. At present the only scheduled air service is by Mokulele Airlines, which offers twice daily service to Kahului, Maui (OGG).As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 407 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 313 enplanements in 2009, and 47 in 2010. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a non-primary commercial service facility.

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