Pacific Coast Conference

The Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) was a college athletic conference in the United States which existed from 1915 to 1959. Though the Pac-12 Conference claims the PCC's history as part of its own, with eight of the ten PCC members (including all four original PCC charter members) now in the Pac-12, the older league had a completely different charter and was disbanded in 1959 due to a major crisis and scandal.

Established on December 2, 1915,[1] its four charter members were the University of California (now University of California, Berkeley), the University of Washington, the University of Oregon, and Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University).

Pacific Coast Conference
PCC
EstablishedDecember 2, 1915
DissolvedJune 30, 1959
AssociationNCAA
Members9 (final), 10 (total)
RegionPacific Coast,
Mountain States
Locations
Pacific Coast Conference locations

Conference members

Membership timeline

 Full members 

Before the crisis

Rivalries between the Pacific Coast Conference schools grew beyond athletics, with animosities around educational, financial and state rivalries. The tensions between the California and Northwest schools extended to Edwin Pauley, a regent of the University of California, disliking the member universities in the Pacific Northwest enough to advocate that the California institutions leave the Pacific Coast Conference to form a "California Conference."

The PCC had a history of being very strict with regards to its standards; it suspended the University of Southern California from the conference in 1924, performed a critical self-study in 1932, and a voluminous two-million-word report was compiled by Edwin Atherton in 1939. The PCC had a paid commissioner, an elaborate constitution, a formal code of conduct, and a system for reporting student-athlete eligibility. Following the submission of his report, Atherton was promptly hired as commissioner in 1940,[2] and served until his death four years later,[3] He was succeeded by his assistant, Victor O. Schmidt.[4]

The conference was wracked by scandal in 1951. Charges were made and confirmed that University of Oregon football coach Jim Aiken had violated the conference code for financial aid and athletic subsidies. After Aiken was compelled to resign, Oregon urged the PCC to look at similar abuses by UCLA football coach Red Sanders. The conference spent five years attempting to reform itself. In 1956, the scandal became public.

The crisis

The scandal first broke at Washington, when in January 1956, several discontented players staged a mutiny against their coach, John Cherberg. After the coach was fired, the PCC followed up on charges of a slush fund. The PCC found evidence of the prohibited activities of the Greater Washington Advertising Fund run by Roscoe C. "Torchy" Torrance, and in May imposed sanctions.

In March, allegations of prohibited payments made by two booster clubs associated with UCLA, the Bruin Bench and the Young Men's Club of Westwood, were published in Los Angeles newspapers. UCLA refused for ten weeks to allow PCC officials to proceed in their investigation. Finally, UCLA admitted that, "all members of the football coaching staff had, for several years, known of the unsanctioned payments to student athletes and had cooperated with the booster club members or officers, who actually administered the program by actually referring student athletes to them for such aid." The scandal thickened as a UCLA alumnus and member of the UCLA athletic advisory board blew the whistle on a secret fund for payments in violation of PCC rules to Southern California players, known as the Southern California Educational Foundation. This same alumnus also blew the whistle on Cal's phony work program for athletes known as the San Francisco Gridiron Club, with an extension in the Los Angeles area known as the South Seas Fund.

Aftershocks and disbandment

The first major reaction came from the University of California system. Robert Sproul, president of the University of California, along with the chancellors of Berkeley and UCLA, drafted a "Five Point Plan", emphasizing academic eligibility standards, setting the two UC campuses apart from the PCC and laying the groundwork for their departure. For Sproul the PCC dispute was not just about athletics; at stake was the ideal of a unified University of California that enjoyed statewide support. This ideal collided with aspirations of UCLA alumni who believed that Sproul's vision would always favor the Berkeley campus at the expense of the younger UCLA campus.

Oregon State College president August Leroy Strand wrote, "The reasons for California and UCLA dropping out are as different as night and day... the significance of the whole affair was the union of Berkeley and UCLA... admissions and scholarship had nothing to do with the withdrawals . . . the marriage of this desire on the part of Berkeley with the known ambitions and necessities of its sister institution has produced a bastard that has the bard of a purebred but the innards and hair of a mongrel."

The PCC was falling apart, leading to the decision to dissolve after the 1958-59 season.

New affiliations

Soon after the PCC was dissolved, five of its nine members (California, Washington, UCLA, Southern California, and Stanford) created the Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU) for the 1959 season. While the AAWU did not negotiate an agreement with the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association to have a standing contractual invitation to the Rose Bowl Game until the following year, the Tournament of Roses did choose to invite the AAWU's inaugural regular season champion to the first post-PCC Rose Bowl.

After initially being blocked from admission, three of the four remaining schools would eventually join (Washington State in 1962, Oregon and Oregon State in 1964), but members were not required to play other members. Tensions were high between UCLA and Stanford, as Stanford had voted for UCLA's expulsion from the PCC.

Idaho was not involved in the scandals but had become noncompetitive in the PCC. Unlike Washington State, Oregon and Oregon State, Idaho did not pursue AAWU admission, and competed as an independent before becoming a charter member of the Big Sky Conference in 1963. Idaho retains no strong connections to its PCC past, other than a continuing rivalry with neighboring Washington State; the two land grant campuses are just eight miles (13 km) apart in the Palouse region.

The AAWU eventually strengthened its bonds and added members, renaming itself the Pacific-8 Conference (Pac-8) in 1968. By 1971, most Pac-8 schools played round-robin conference football schedules, and the two Oregon schools were again playing USC and UCLA on a regular basis. The conference added WAC powers Arizona and Arizona State in 1978 and became the Pacific-10 Conference (Pac-10). On July 1, 2011, the conference added Colorado from the Big 12 and Utah from the Mountain West (also a former WAC member) and became the Pac-12. The Pac-12 claims the PCC's history as its own, though it operates under a separate charter.

Conference champions

The official record book of conference champions was compiled by the then acting commissioner Bernie Hammerbeck in 1959.[5]

Men's basketball

The Pacific Coast Conference began playing basketball in the 1915-16 season. The PCC was split into North and South Divisions for basketball beginning with the 1922-23 season. The winners of the two divisions would play a best of three series of games to determine the PCC basketball champion. If two division teams tied, they would have a one-game playoff to produce the division representative. Starting with the first NCAA Men's Basketball Championship in 1939, the winner of the PCC divisional playoff was given the automatic berth in the NCAA tournament. Oregon, the 1939 PCC champion, won the championship game in the 1939 NCAA Basketball Tournament.

The last divisional playoff was in the 1954–55 season. After that, there was no divisional play and all teams played each other in a round robin competition. From the 1955-56 season through the 1958–59 season, the regular season conference champion was awarded the NCAA tournament berth from the PCC. In the case of a tie, a tie breaker rule was used to determine the NCAA tournament representative.

Season Conference Champion (#) Tournament Champion (#)
1915-16 California (1)
Oregon State (1)
1916-17 Washington State (1)
1918-19 Oregon (1)
1919-20 Stanford (1)
1920-21 California (2)
Stanford (2)
1921-22 Idaho (1)
1922-23 Idaho (2)
1923-24 California (3)
1924-25 California (4)
1925-26 California (5)
1926-27 California (6)
1927-28 USC (1)
1928-29 California (7)
1929-30 USC (2)
1930-31 Washington (1)
1931-32 California (8)
1932-33 Oregon State (2)
1933-34 Washington (2)
1934-35 USC (3)
1935-36 Stanford (3)
1936-37 Stanford (4)
1937-38 Stanford (5)
1938-39 Oregon (2)
1939-40 USC (4)
1940-41 Washington State (2)
1941-42 Stanford (6)
1942-43 Washington (3)
1943-44 California (9)
Washington (4)
1944-45 Oregon (3)
UCLA (1)
1945-46 California (10)
1946-47 Oregon State (3)
1947-48 Washington (5)
1948-49 Oregon State (4)
1949-50 UCLA (2)
1950-51 Washington (6)
1951-52 UCLA (3)
1952-53 Washington (7)
1953-54 USC (5)
1954-55 Oregon State (5)
1955-56 UCLA (4)
1956-57 California (11)
1957-58 California (12)
Oregon State (6)
1958-59 California (13)
  • Bold indicates National Champion

Football

Conference Overall
Season Champion(s) W L T  Pts  Opp W L T
1916 Oregon ^ 2 0 1 33 20 6 0 1
Washington 3 0 1 62 10 6 0 1
1917 Washington State 3 0 0 46 3 6 0 0
1918 California 2 0 0 72 0 7 2 0
1919 Oregon ^ (2) 2 1 0 33 20 5 1 3
Washington (2) 2 1 0 33 31 5 1 0
1920 California (2) 3 0 0 104 7 9 0 0
1921 California (3) 4 0 0 167 10 9 0 1
1922 California (4) 4 0 0 146 7 9 0 0
1923 California (5) 5 0 0 66 7 9 0 1
1924 Stanford 3 0 1 92 36 7 1 1
1925 Washington (3) 5 0 0 88 24 10 1 1
1926 Stanford (2) 4 0 0 112 40 10 0 1
1927 Stanford ^ (3) 4 0 1 78 32 8 2 1
USC 4 0 1 99 38 8 1 1
Idaho 2 0 2 61 20 4 1 3
1928 USC (2) 4 0 1 84 20 9 0 1
1929 USC (3) 6 1 0 258 29 10 2 0
1930 Washington State (2) 6 0 0 134 20 9 1 0
1931 USC (4) 7 0 0 259 13 10 1 0
1932 USC (5) 6 0 0 112 13 10 0 0
1933 Oregon (3) 4 1 0 45 29 9 1 0
Stanford ^ (4) 4 1 0 56 23 8 2 1
1934 Stanford (5) 5 0 0 93 7 9 1 1
1935 California (6) 4 1 0 55 22 9 1 0
Stanford ^ (6) 4 1 0 60 7 8 1 0
UCLA 4 1 0 75 39 8 2 0
1936 Washington (4) 7 0 1 141 21 7 2 1
1937 California (7) 6 0 1 137 26 10 0 1
1938 California (8) 6 1 0 107 37 10 1 0
USC ^ (6) 6 1 0 131 36 9 2 0
1939 USC (7) 5 0 2 121 21 8 0 2
1940 Stanford (7) 7 0 0 141 66 10 0 0
1941 Oregon State 7 2 0 123 33 8 2 0
1942 UCLA (2) 6 1 0 146 58 7 4 0
1943 USC (8) 5 0 0 95 13 8 2 0
1944 USC (9) 3 0 2 129 39 8 0 2
1945 USC (10) 5 1 0 107 43 7 4 0
1946 UCLA (3) 7 0 0 216 45 10 1 0
1947 USC (11) 6 0 0 147 20 7 2 1
1948 California ^ (9) 6 0 0 155 40 10 1 0
Oregon (4) 7 0 0 125 48 9 2 0
1949 California (10) 7 0 0 220 80 10 1 0
1950 California (11) 5 0 1 124 28 9 1 1
1951 Stanford (8) 6 1 0 152 101 9 2 0
1952 USC (12) 6 0 0 174 32 10 1 0
1953 UCLA (4) 6 1 0 172 41 8 2 0
1954 UCLA (5) 6 0 0 256 26 9 0 0
1955 UCLA (6) 6 0 0 197 37 9 2 0
1956 Oregon State (2) 6 1 1 152 104 7 3 1
1957 Oregon State (3) 6 2 0 147 110 8 2 0
Oregon ^ (5) 6 2 0 124 81 7 4 0
1958 California (12) 6 1 0 127 85 7 4 0

^ Denotes PCC representative in Rose Bowl for shared conference championships

Baseball

Season Conference
1916 CAL
1917 CAL
1918 ORE
1919 WASH
1920 CAL
1921 CAL
1922 WASH
Season North South
1923 WASH CAL
Season Conference
1924 CAL
Season North South
1925 WASH STAN
1926 WASH CAL
Season North CIBA
1927 WSU STM
1928 ORE/WSU STM
1929 WASH CAL
1930 WASH USC
1931 WASH STAN
1932 WASH USC
1933 WSU CAL
1934 ORE CAL
1935 ORE CAL/USC
1936 WSU USC
1937 ORE CAL
1938 OSU/WSU CAL
1939 ORE USC/STM
1940 OSU STM
1941 ORE CAL/STM
1942 ORE USC
1943 ORE/OSU **CAL/USC
1944 WSU UCLA
1945 WSU CAL
1946 ORE USC
1947 WSU CAL/USC
1948 WSU USC*
1949 WSU USC*
1950 WSU* STAN
1951 OSU USC*
1952 OSU* USC
1953 ORE STAN*
1954 ORE* USC
1955 ORE USC*
1956 WSU* USC
1957 ORE CAL*/USC
1958 OSU USC*
1959 WASH USC*

*denotes Pacific Coast Conference playoff champion
**California won the CIBA Division 1 and USC won CIBA Division 2. California won the whole division title by beating USC in the CIBA playoff

  • Bold indicates National Champion

Commissioners

  • Herb Dana, 193x–1940
  • Edwin N. Atherton, 1940–1944
  • Victor O. Schmidt, 1944–1959
  • Bernie Hammerbeck (acting), 1959

See also

References

  1. ^ (Portland) Oregon Daily Journal. December 3, 1915. "Four Colleges Form Coast Conference at Very Secret Session"
  2. ^ "Coast colleges name Atherton boss". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. January 6, 1940. p. 10.
  3. ^ "Edwin Atherton, Coast football czar, dies". Berkeley Daily Gazette. United Press. September 1, 1944. p. 11.
  4. ^ "Coast schools appoint new commissioner". Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. September 2, 1944. p. 2, part 2.
  5. ^ "When the Pacific Coast Conference was dissolved". Eugene Register-Guard. 2 March 1960. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  • Games Colleges Play : Scandal and Reform in Intercollegiate Athletics, The Johns Hopkins University Press 1996, ISBN 0-8018-4716-8
1919 Washington Sun Dodgers football team

The 1919 Washington Sun Dodgers football team was an American football team that represented the University of Washington during the 1919 college football season. In its second, non-consecutive season under coach Claude J. Hunt, the team compiled a 5–1 record, was co-champion of the Pacific Coast Conference, and outscored its opponents by a combined total of 202 to 31. Ervin Dailey was the team captain. 1919 marked the university's adoption of the Sun Dodgers nickname.

1920 California Golden Bears football team

The 1920 California Golden Bears football team was an American football team that represented the University of California, Berkeley in the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) during the 1920 college football season. In their fifth year under head coach Andy Smith, the team compiled a 9–0 record (3–0 against PCC opponents), shut out seven of nine opponents, won the PCC championship, defeated Ohio State in the 1921 Rose Bowl, and outscored its opponents by a combined total of 510 to 14. The team was retroactively selected as the national champion by the College Football Researchers Association, Helms Athletic Foundation, Houlgate System, National Championship Foundation, and Jeff Sagarin.

1921 California Golden Bears football team

The 1921 California Golden Bears football team was an American football team that represented the University of California, Berkeley in the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) during the 1921 college football season. In their sixth year under head coach Andy Smith, the team compiled a 9–0–1 record (4–0 against PCC opponents), won the PCC championship, played Washington & Jefferson to a scoreless tie in the 1922 Rose Bowl, and outscored its opponents by a combined total of 312 to 33.At season’s end, the Golden Bears played against Washington & Jefferson Presidents in the rain-soaked 1922 Rose Bowl, which ended in a 0–0 tie. The team was selected retroactively as the 1921 national champion by the Billingsley Report (using its alternative "margin of victory" methodology), College Football Researchers Association, and Jeff Sagarin, and as a co-national champion under the Boand.

1922 California Golden Bears football team

The 1922 California Golden Bears football team was an American football team that represented the University of California, Berkeley in the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) during the 1922 college football season. In their seventh year under head coach Andy Smith, the team compiled a 9–0 record (4–0 against PCC opponents), won the PCC championship, and outscored its opponents by a combined total of 398 to 34. The 398 points scored led major college football.The team was retroactively selected by the Billingsley Report (using its alternative "margin of victory" methodology) and Houlgate System, and as a co-national champion by the National Championship Foundation and Jeff Sagarin.

1923 California Golden Bears football team

The 1923 California Golden Bears football team was an American football team that represented the University of California, Berkeley in the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) during the 1923 college football season. In their eighth year under head coach Andy Smith, the team compiled a 9–0–1 record (5–0 against PCC opponents), shut out nine of ten opponents, won the PCC championship, and outscored its opponents by a combined total of 182 to 7. The team was selected retroactively as the 1923 national champion by the Houlgate System, which was used to determine annual championships from 1929 to 1958.

1925 Washington Huskies football team

The 1925 Washington Huskies football team was an American football team that represented the University of Washington during the 1925 college football season. In its fifth season under head coach Enoch Bagshaw, the team compiled a 10–1–1 record, finished in first place in the Pacific Coast Conference, lost to Alabama in the 1926 Rose Bowl, and outscored all opponents by a combined total of 480 to 59. Fullback Elmer Tesreau was the team captain.

1926 Stanford football team

The 1926 Stanford football team represented Stanford University in the 1926 college football season. In head coach Pop Warner's third season, Stanford went undefeated in the regular season. Stanford faced undefeated Alabama in the 1927 Rose Bowl for the national championship, but the two teams would tie 7–7. The 1927 Stanford-Alabama match was the final Rose Bowl to end in a tie. Stanford was named the national champion under the Dickinson System and as a co-national champion by the Helms Athletic Foundation, National Championship Foundation, and Jeff Sagarin (using the ELO-Chess methodology).The team played their home games at Stanford Stadium in Stanford, California, and competed in the Pacific Coast Conference.

1927 Stanford football team

The 1927 Stanford football team represented Stanford University in the 1927 college football season. In head coach Pop Warner's fourth season, Stanford was undefeated in the Pacific Coast Conference, with a tie in the game against USC. With a three-way tie for the conference championship, Stanford was chosen to represent the conference in the 1928 Rose Bowl against Pittsburgh, with Stanford winning its first Rose Bowl in its fourth attempt, 7–6.

The team played its home games at Stanford Stadium in Stanford, California and competed in the Pacific Coast Conference.

1928 USC Trojans football team

The 1928 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California in the 1928 college football season. The Trojans went undefeated and won the Pacific Coast Conference championship, but declined to participate in the 1929 Rose Bowl, which California attended in their place. Although the team did not attend a bowl, USC claims a national championship, and was ranked first in the Dickinson System rankings for 1928.

1929 USC Trojans football team

The 1929 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California (USC) in the 1929 college football season. In their fifth year under head coach Howard Jones, the Trojans compiled a 10–2 record (6–1 against conference opponents), won the Pacific Coast Conference championship, and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 492 to 69. The team defeated Pittsburgh 47–14 in the 1930 Rose Bowl and was retroactively selected as the 1929 national champion under the Houlgate System and also retroactively selected as the national champion under the Berryman QPRS system and as a co-national champion by Jeff Sagarin.

1930 Washington State Cougars football team

The 1930 Washington State Cougars football team was an American football team that represented the Washington State University in the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) during the 1930 college football season. In their fifth season under head coach Babe Hollingbery, the Cougars compiled a 9–1 record (6–0 against PCC opponents), won the PCC championship, and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 218 to 56.

1933 Oregon Webfoots football team

The 1933 Oregon Webfoots football team represented the University of Oregon during the 1933 college football season. Led by second-year head coach Prink Callison, Oregon finished the season with an overall record of 9–1 and a 4–1 Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) play, tying with Stanford for the conference title.

1933 USC Trojans football team

The 1933 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California (USC) in the 1933 college football season. In their ninth year under head coach Howard Jones, the Trojans compiled a 10–1–1 record (4–1–1 against conference opponents), finished in third place in the Pacific Coast Conference, and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 257 to 30.

1934 Stanford Indians football team

The 1934 Stanford Indians football team represented Stanford University in the 1934 college football season. In head coach Tiny Thornill's second season, the Indians allowed only 14 points during the entire regular season, logged seven shutout victories, and were undefeated in the Pacific Coast Conference. The team represented the conference in the Rose Bowl, losing to Alabama, 29–13.

1936 Washington Huskies football team

The 1936 Washington Huskies football team was an American football team that represented the University of Washington during the 1936 college football season. In its seventh season under head coach Jimmy Phelan, the team compiled a 7–2–1 record, finished in first place in the Pacific Coast Conference, was ranked #5 in the final AP Poll, lost to Pittsburgh in the 1937 Rose Bowl, and outscored all opponents by a combined total of 148 to 56. Chuck Bond was the team captain.

1938 USC Trojans football team

The 1938 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California (USC) in the 1938 college football season. In their 14th year under head coach Howard Jones, the Trojans compiled a 9–2 record (6–1 against conference opponents), finished in a tie for the Pacific Coast Conference championship, defeated Duke in the 1939 Rose Bowl, and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 172 to 65.

1943 USC Trojans football team

The 1943 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California (USC) in the 1943 college football season. In their second year under head coach Jeff Cravath, the Trojans compiled an 8–2 record (5–0 against conference opponents), won the Pacific Coast Conference championship, defeated Washington in the 1944 Rose Bowl, and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 155 to 58.

1945 USC Trojans football team

The 1945 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California (USC) in the 1945 college football season. In their fourth year under head coach Jeff Cravath, the Trojans compiled a 7–4 record (5–1 against conference opponents), won the Pacific Coast Conference championship, lost to Alabama in the 1946 Rose Bowl, and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 205 to 150.

1957 Oregon State Beavers football team

The 1957 Oregon State Beavers football team represented Oregon State College in the 1957 NCAA University Division football season. The Beavers ended this season with a record of 8–2. The team captains were Ted Searle. The Beavers scored 203 points and allowed 129 points. Led by head coach Tommy Prothro, Oregon State won their second consecutive Pacific Coast Conference championship, the only time the Beavers have won consecutive conference championships. However, Oregon State became the last Pacific Coast Conference team to fall victim to the conference's no-repeat rule and was unable to represent the conference in the Rose Bowl. Rival Oregon, which had lost to the Beavers, went to the Rose Bowl instead.

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