Paadal Petra Sthalam

The Paadal Petra Thalam are 275[1] temples that are revered in the verses of Saiva Nayanars in the 6th-9th century CE and are amongst the greatest Shiva temples of the continent. The Divya Desams by comparison are the 108 Vishnu temples glorified in the poems of the contemporary Vaishnava Alvars of Tamil Nadu, India

Om symbol
Tirumurai
Om symbol
The twelve volumes of Tamil Śaiva hymns of the sixty-three Nayanars
Parts Name Author
1,2,3 Tirukadaikkappu Sambandar
4,5,6 Tevaram Tirunavukkarasar
7 Tirupaatu Sundarar
8 Tiruvacakam &
Tirukkovaiyar
Manikkavacakar
9 Tiruvisaippa &
Tiruppallaandu
Various
10 Tirumandhiram Tirumular
11 Various
12 Periya Puranam Sekkizhar
Paadal Petra Sthalam
Paadal Petra Sthalam
Rajaraja I
Nambiyandar Nambi

Thevaram

Nalvar
The 3 foremost Nayanars with Manikkavacakar - collectively called the Nalvars: (from left) Sambandar, Appar, Sundarar, Manikkavacakar.

Thevaram literally means "garland of divine songs and refers to the collection of verses sung praising Shiva, the primary god of the Shaivite sect of Hindu religion, by three Tamil poets known as Saiva Kuruvars - Thirugnana Sambanthar, Tirunavukkarasar (aka Appar) and Sundaramoorthy Nayanar (aka Sundarar).[2] The three are considered the primary three among the sixty three Nayanmars of the Saivite sect of Hinduism. The former two lived during the 7th century AD while the latter around 8th century AD. All songs in Thevaram are believed to be in sets of ten songs, called pathikam in Tamil. Some musical experts consider Thevaram as a divine musical form.[3] There is a common view that Sanskritization of names of the temples are carried out in later period that superseded the names mentioned in Thevaram - some of the common examples are Chidambaram as against Tillai in Thevaram and Kumbakonam as against Kudanthai.[4]

The 275 temples that are mentioned in Thevaram are referred as Paadal Petra Thalam, meaning the temples that were sung in the verses. On the contrary, Vaippu Thalam are temples that were mentioned casually in the songs in Thevaram and lacking a mention of those temples. In modern times, the verses of Tevaram are sung daily and during the festive occasions in most Shiva temples in Tamil Nadu by musicians called Odhuvars.[5]

Thiruvasagam

Manikkavacakar is considered the 4th in the line of Saiva Kuravars, whose verses are classified as Thiruvasagam. There is a saying that "Thiruvasagathuku urugar, oru vasagathukum orugar" meaning the person who does not budge for thiruvasagam won't budge for anything else.

Paadal Petra Thalangal

There are around 275 temples that are revered by the verses of Saiva Nayanars and are amongst the greatest Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu.[1] In Tamil Nadu there are 265 temples, 2 temples in Andhra pradesh, 1 temple in kerala, 1 temple in karnataka, 2 temples in Uttarakhand, 2 temples in Sri Lanka, 1 temple in Nepal, and Tirukayilaayam in Mount Kailash. The list is as shown below.

Chola Nadu - North of Kaveri Chola Nadu - South of Kaveri Eezha Nadu Pandya Nadu Malai Nadu

1. Kovil(Chidambaram)
2. Tiruvetkalam
3. Tirunelvayil
4. Tirukkazhippalai
5. Tirunallurpperumanam
6. Mahendrapalli
7. Ten Tirumullaivayil
8. Kalikkaamoor
9. Tiruchaaikaadu
10. Pallavaneeswaram
11. Thiruvenkadu
12. Keezhai Tirukkattuppalli
13. Thirukkurugavur
14. Sirkazhi
15. Tirukkolakka
16. Pullirukkuvelur
(Vaideeswaran Koyil)

17. Kannaar Kovil
18. Tirukkadaimudi
19. Tiruninriyur
20. Tiruppunkur
21. Tiruneedur
22. Anniyur
23. Tiruvelvikudi
24. Edirkolpaadi
25. Tirumanancheri
26. Tirukkurukkai
27. Karuppariyalur
28. Kurakkukka
29. Tiruvaalkoliputrur
30. Tirumannippadikkarai
31. Omampuliyur
32. Tirukkaanaattumulloor
33. Tirunaarayur
34. Kadambur
35. Pandanallur
36. Kanjanoor
37. Tirukkodikka
38. Tirumangalakkudi
39. Tiruppanantaal
40. Tiruvaappaadi
41. Tirucheignalur
42. Tirundudevankudi
43. Tiruviyalur
44. Kottaiyur
45. Innambar
46. Thirupirambiyam
47. Vijayamangai
48. Tiruvaikavur
49. Vadakurangaaduturai
50. Tiruppazhanam
51. Thiruvaiyaru
52. Tiruneittanam
53. Tirupperumpuliyur
54. Thirumazhapadi
55. Tiruppazhuvur (Aalanturai)
56. Tirukkaanoor
57. Anbilalanturai
58. Tirumaanturai
59. Tiruppaatrurai
60. Tiru Aanaikkaa
61. Tiruppainneeli
62. Tiruppaachilasramam
63. Tiruveengoimalai

1. Vaatpokki
2. Kadambar Kovil
3. Thirupparaithurai
4. Tirukkarkudi
(Uyyakkondan Malai)
5. Thirumukeeswaram
6. Tiruchirappalli
7. Tiruverumbur
8. Nedunkalam
9. Melaittirukkattuppalli
10. Tiruvalampozhil
11. Tiruppoonturutti
12. Thirukkandiyur
13. Tiruchotrutturai
14. Tiruvedikudi
15. Tenkudittittai
16. Tirupullamangai
17. Tiruchakrapalli
18. Thirukkarugavur
19. Tiruppaalaitturai(Papanasam)
20. Tirunallur
21. Aavoor Pasupateeswaram
22. Satthi Mutram
23. Patteswaram
24. Pazhayarai
25. Tiruvalanchuzhi
26. Adi Kumbeswarar Temple
27. Tirukkudandai Keezhkottam
28. Kudandaikkaaronam
29. Tirunageswaram
30. Tiruvidaimarudur
31. Ten Kurangaaduturai
32. Tiruneelakkudi
33. Tiruvaikalmaadakkovil
34. Tirunallam
35. Tirukkozhambam
36. Tiruvavaduturai
37. Tirutturutti
38. Tiruvazhundur
39. Mayiladuturai
40. Viilanagar
41. Tiruppariyalur
42. Tiruchemponpalli
43. Tirunanipalli
44. Tiruvalampuram
45. Tiruttalaichankadu
46. Aakkoor
47. Tirukkadavur
48. Tirukkadavur Mayaanam
49. Tiruvettakkudi
50. Tiruttelicheri
51. Dharumapuram
52. Thirunallar
53. Tirukkottaru
54. Ambar
55. Ambar Maakaalam
56. Tirumeeyachur
57. Tirumeeyachur Ilamkovil
58. Thilataipati
59. Tiruppaampuram
60. Sirukudi
61. Tiruveezhimizhalai
62. Tiruvanniyur
63. Karuvili Kottittai
64. Penu Perunturai
65. Naraiyur
66. Arisirkaraiputtur
67. Sivapuram
68. Kalayanallur
69. Tirukkarukkudi
70. Tiruvanchiyam
71. Nannilam
72. Tirukkondeeswaram
73. Tiruppanaiyur
74. Virkudi
75. Tiruppugalur
76. Tiruppugalur Vardhamaneswaram
77. Ramanadeeswaram
78. Tiruppayatrankudi
79. Tiruchenkattankudi
80. Thirumarugal
81. Tiruchaattamangai
82. Nagaikkaronam
83. Sikkal
84. Keevalur
85. Tiruttevur
86. Palliyin Mukkoodal
87. Achaleswaram
88. Tiruvarur
89. Arurparavaiumandali
90. Vilamar
91. Karaveeram
92. Peruvelur
93. Talaiyalankadu
94. Tirukkudavaayil
95. Tirucherai
96. Tirunalurmayaanam
97. Kaduvaaikaaraiputhur
98. Tiruvirumpoolai
99. Aradaipperumpazhi
100.Avalivanallur
101.Paridiniyamam
102. Tiruvenniyur (Koyil venni)
103. Tiruppoovanur
104. Paadaaleeswaram
105. Tirukkalar
106. Tiruchitremam
107. Tiru Usaattaanam
108. Tiruidumbavanam
109. Kadikkulam
110. Tandalaineeneri
111. Kottur
112. Vanduturai
113. Tirukkollampudur
114. Pereyil
115. Tirukkollikkadu
116. Tenkoor
117. Tirunellikka
118. Tirunatyattankudi
119. Tirukkarayil
120. Kanraappur
121. Valivalam
122. Kaichinam
123. Tirukkolili
124. Tiruvaimur
125. Tirumaraikkadu
126. Tiru Agathiyan Palli
127. Kodikkarai
128. Kiliyanur
129. Tiruvidaivai

1. Tirukkonamalai
2. Tirukketheeswaram

1. Aalavaai (Madurai)
2. Aappudaiyaar Kovil
3. Tirupparankunram
4. Tiruvedakam
5. Tirukkodunkunram
6. Tirupputhur
7. Thiruppunavayil
8. Rameswaram
9. Tiruvadanai
10. Tirukkaanapper
11. Tiruppoovanam
12. Thiruchuzhial
13. Thirukutralam
14. Tirunelveli

1. Thiruvanchikulam

Kongu Nadu Nadu Nadu Tondai Nadu Erumai Nadu Vada Nadu

1. Avinaasi
2. Thirumuruganpoondi
3. Thirunana
4. Kodimadachenkunoor
5. Venchamaakoodal
6. Paandikkodumudi
7. Karuvoor Aanilai

1. Tirunelvayil Aratturai
2. Pennaagadam
3. Goodalaiyatrur
4. Erukkattampuliyur
5. Tiruttinai Nagar
6. Tiruchopuram
7. Tiruvatikai
8. Thirunaavalur
9. Tirumudukunram
10. Tirunelvennei
11. Tirukkovilur
12. Arankandanallur
13. Tiruvidaiyaru
14. Thiruvennainallur
15. Tirutturaiyur
16. Vatukur
17. Tirumaanikkuzhi
18. Thirupathiripuliyur
19. Tirumundeeswaram
20. Puravaar Panankattur
21. Tiruvamathur
22. Tiruvannamalai

1. Kachi Ekambam
2. Kachi Metrali
3. Onakanthan Thali
4. Kachi Anekatangavadam
5. Kachi Nerikkaaraikkadu
6. Kuranganilmuttam
7. Tirumaagaral
8. Tiruvothur
9. Panankattur
10. Tiruvallam
11. Thirumarperu
12. Tiruvooral, Takkolam
13. Ilambayankottur
14. Tiruvirkolam
15. Thiruvalangadu
16. Tiruppaasur
17. Tiruvenpakkam
18. Tirukkallil
19. Sri Kalahasti
20. Thiruvotriyur
21. Tiruvalithayam
22. Vada Tirumullaivayil
23. Thiruverkadu
24. Tirumayilai
25. Tiruvanmyur
26. Tirukkachoor
27. Tiruvidaichuram
28. Tirukkalunkunram
29. Tiru Acharapakkam
30. Tiruvakkarai
31. Arasili
32. Irumbai Maakalam

1. Gokarnam

1.Indraneelaparvatam
(Nepal)

2. Srisailam
3. Anekatangavadam
(Gowrikund)

4. Tirukkedaram
(Kedarnath)

5. Tirukkayilaayam
(Mount Kailash)

Pancha Bootha Thalangal

This refers to the temples that are the manifestation of the five elements - land, water, air, sky, fire.

Category Temple Location
Land Ekambareswarar Temple Kanchipuram
Fire Arunachaleshwarar Temple Thiruvannamalai
Water Thiruvanaikaval Trichy
Sky Chidambaram Temple Chidambaram
Air Sri Kalahastheeswara Swami Temple Kalahasthi, Andhra Pradesh

Pancha Bhoota stalam Map

Pancha Sabhai Thalangal

The temples where Lord Shiva is believed to have performed the Cosmic Dance.

Category Temple Location Element
Rathinachabai Vada aaranyeswarar Temple Thiruvalangadu, Chennai Emerald
Porchabai Natarajar Temple Chidambaram Gold
Vellichabai Meenakshi Amman Temple Madurai Silver
Thamirachabai Nellaiappar Temple Tirunelveli Copper
Chithirachabai Kutralanathar Temple Thirukutralam Art
Courtalleswaran Temple

Thirukutralam

Pancha Sabhai Map

Ashta Veerattam Thalangal

The temples where Lord Shiva is believed to have performed with fury. The eight temples are in 1. Thiruvadhikai 2. Thirukoyilur 3. Thirukkadayur 4. Vazhoovur 5. Thirukkurakaval ( kurukkai ) 6. Thiruppaliyalur 7. Thirukandiyur 8. Thiruvirkudi.

Temple Location District Image
Tiruvadigai Veerattaaneswarar Temple Tiruvadigai, Panruti Cuddalore district
Sri Veerattaaneswarar Temple
Korukkai Veeratteswarar Temple Tirukurukkai Nagapattinam district
Korukkai Veeratteswarar Temple1
Tirukkovilur Veerateshwarar Temple Tirukoilur Tiruvannamalai district
Thirukovilur Veerateeswarar5
Amirtagateswarar Temple Thirukadaiyur Nagapattinam district
Thirukadaiyur temple
Vazhuvur Verateswarar Temple Vazhuvoor, Mayiladuthurai Nagapattinam district
Viratteswara Temple, Vazhuvur
Keelaparasalur Veerateswarar Temple Tirupariyalur Nagapattinam district
Keelaparasalur veeratesvarar temple2
Kandeeswarar Temple Thirukkandiyur Thanjavur district
Thirukandeeswarar1
Tiruvirkudi Veerataneswarar Temple Thiruvirkudi Thiruvarur district
Tiruvirkkudi veeratanesvarar temple2

Saptha Vidangam

The Thyagarajar Temple at Tiruvarur is famous for the ajapa natanam (dance without chanting), that is executed by the deity itself. According to legend, a Chola king named Mucukunta obtained a boon from Indra (a celestial deity) and wished to receive an image of Thyagaraja Swamy (presiding deity, Shiva in the temple) reposing on the chest of reclining Lord Vishnu. Indra tried to misguide the king and had six other images made, but the king chose the right image at Tiruvarur.[6] The other six images were installed in ThiruNallaaru, Nagapattinam, Tirukarayil, Tirukolili, Thiruvaaimur and Tirumaraikadu.[7] All the seven places are villages situated in the river Cauvery delta. All seven Thyagaraja images are said to dance when taken in procession(it is the bearers of the processional deity who actually dance). The temples with dance styles are regarded as Saptha Vidangam (seven dance moves)[8] and the related temples are as under:[9]

Temple Vidangar Temple Dance pose Meaning
Thyagarajar Temple, Tiruvarur Vidhividangar Ajaba Natanam Dance without chanting, resembling the dance of Sri Thyagaraja resting on Lord Vishnu's chest
Dharbaranyeswarar Temple, Tirunallar Nagaravidangar Unmatha natanam Dance of an intoxicated person
Kayarohanaswamy Temple, Nagapattinam Sundaravidangar Vilathi natanam Dancing like waves of sea
Kannayariamudayar Temple, Thirukarayil Adhividangar Kukuda natanam Dancing like a cock
Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirukkuvalai Avanividangar Brunga natanam Dancing like a bee that hovers over a flower
Vaimoornaathar Temple, Tiruvaimur Nallavidangar Kamala natanam Dance like lotus that moves in a breeze
Vedaranyeswarar Temple, Vedaranyam Bhuvanivividangar Hamsapatha natanam Dancing with the gait of a swan

Saptha Stanam

The sapthasthanam festival is conducted at Tiruvaiyaru during April every year. Hundreds of people witness the convergence of seven glass palanquins carrying principal deities of respective temples from seven places at Tiruvaiyaru. The palanquins are paraded near the car stand, the crowd witnessed the Poochorithal(flower festival) in which a doll offers flowers to the principal deities in the palanquins. After the Poochorithal, the palanquins left for their respective places.[10] The seven temples are

Temple Place District
Aiyarappar temple Thiruvaiyaru Thanjavur
Apathsahayar Temple Tirupazhanam Thanjavur
Odhanavaneswarar Temple Tiruchotruthurai Thanjavur
Vedapuriswarar Temple Thiruvedhikudi Thanjavur
Kandeeswarar Temple Thirukkandiyur Thanjavur
Puvananathar Temple Thirupanturuthi Thanjavur
Neyyadiappar Temple Tiruneithaanam Thanjavur

Saptha Mangai Stalangals

The seven temples are

Temple Presiding deity/consort Mangai Location
Chakravageshwarar Temple Chakravageshwarar/Devanayagi Chakramangai Chakkarapalli, Thanjavur
Arimutheeswarar Temple Arimutheeswarar/Gnambikai Harimangai Ariyamangai, Thanjavur
Krithivageswarar temple Krithivageswarar/Alangaravalli Soolamangai Soolamangalam, Thanjavur
Jambugeswarar Temple Jambugeswarar/Akilandeswari Nandimangai Tirupullamangai, Thanjavur
Pasumangai Temple Pasupatiswarar/Palvalainayagi Pasumangai Thirukkandiyur, Thanjavur
Chandramouleeswarar Temple Chandramouleeswarar/Rajarajeswari Thazhamangai Thazhamangai, Thanjavur
Tirupullamangai Temple Alandurainathar/Soundaranayagi Pullamangai Pullamangai, Thanjavur

Aathara Stalam

Aathara Stalam indicates the places which are considered to be diving impersonification of Tantric chakras associated with human anatomy. Annamalaiyar temple is called the Manipooraga stalam[11] associated with Manipooraga the human anatomical cause for spiritual ignorance, thirst, jealousy, treachery, shame, fear, disgust, delusion, foolishness and sadness.[12] 4 temples are located in Tamil Nadu, one in Andhra Pradesh, and one at Varanasi.

Tantric Chakra Description Temple Location Symbol
Anthagam
(Sanskrit: आज्ञा, ājñā [aːɟɲaː])
Brain directly behind eyebrow Natarajar Temple Chidambaram
Visuthi
(Sanskrit: विशुद्ध, Viśuddha)
Neck region near spine Sri Kalahastheeswara Swami Temple Kalahasthi
Anahata
(Sanskrit: अनाहत, Anāhata)
Central channel behind spine Kashi Vishwanath Temple Varanasi Hrit.jpg
Manipooragam
(Sanskrit: मणिपूर, Maṇipūra)
Spine directly behind the navel Arunachaleshwarar Temple Thiruvannamalai Manipura.png
Swathistanam
(Sanskrit: स्वाधिष्ठान, Svādhiṣṭhāna)
One's own abode Thiruvanaikaval Trichy Swadhisthana.png
Moolatharam
(Sanskrit: मूलाधार, Mūlādhāra)
Basal end of the spinal Thyagaraja Swamy Temple Tiruvarur Muladhara.png

Gallery

Rameshwaram

Rameshwaram temple

Rock Fort Temple

Rockfort temple, Trichy

Kedarnath Temple

Kedarnath Temple

Kailash Tibet edited

Kailash Hills, Kailash

Tiruvasi

Thiruvasi Temple, Trichy

See also

External

Notes

  1. ^ a b "A comprehensive description of the 275 Shivastalams glorified by the Tevaram hymns". templenet.com. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Understanding some aspects of Hinduism". Colombo, Sri Lanka: Daily News. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015 – via HighBeam.
  3. ^ SAK, Durga (1 January 2009). "The Oxford Illustrated Companion to South Indian Classical Music". Journal of the Indian Musicological Society. Indian Musicological Society. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015 – via HighBeam.
  4. ^ Scharfe, Hartmut (1 October 1999). "The Doctrine of the Three Humors in Traditional Indian Medicine and the Alleged Antiquity of Tamil Siddha Medicine". The Journal of the American Oriental Society. Retrieved 26 July 2015 – via Questia Online Library.
  5. ^ Shulman, David (1 January 1997). "Tevaram: Ayvuttunai (Tevaram: Etudes et glossaire tamouls)". The Journal of the American Oriental Society. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2015 – via HighBeam.
  6. ^ V., Meena (1974). Temples in South India (1st ed.). Kanniyakumari: Harikumar Arts. pp. 33–4.
  7. ^ Glimpses of the history of Karaikkal.Saroja Sundararajan
  8. ^ The Journal of the Music Academy, Madras: Volumes 33-34 .Music Academy (Madras, India) - 1962
  9. ^ Nityasumaṅgalī: devadasi tradition in South India .P.146. Saskia C. Kersenboom-Story
  10. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2011/04/22/stories/2011042255521400.htm.The Hindu
  11. ^ Kamalabaskaran 1994
  12. ^ Spear 2011. p. 121

References

  • Kamalabaskaran, Iswari (1994). The light of Arunachaleswarar. Affiliated East-West Press Pvt. Ltd.
  • Spear, Heidi (2011). The Everything Guide to Chakra Healing: Use Your Body's Subtle Energies to promote Health, Healing and Happiness. USA: Adams Media. ISBN 1-4405-2649-4.
Aiyarappar temple

Aiyarappar temple (ஐயாறப்பர் கோயில்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the village of Tiruvaiyaru, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thevaram and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. Thiruvaiyaru means Five Rivers around the city. The Five Rivers are Arisilaaru, Vennaaru, Vettaaru, Kudamuruttiyaaru and Kaaviriyaaru.

Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Thirukkuvalai

Brahmapureeswarar Temple (பிரம்மபுரீஸ்வரர் கோயில், திருக்குவளை) or Tiurkolili is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Thirukkuvalai in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is revered by the hymns of 7th century Tamil saivite poets, Appar, Sundarar and Campantar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Chakravageswarar Temple

Chakramangai or Chakravageswarar Temple (சக்கரவாகேஸ்வரர் கோயில்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Siva located in Chakkarapalli, Papanasam taluk of Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thevaram, the 7th century Tamil literature and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Kailasanathar Temple

Kailasanathar Temple is the name of several famous megalith rock cut kovils dedicated to the deity Shiva in the form Kailasanathar, whose primary abode is Mount Kailash from which the temples take their names and inspiration.

Kailasanathar Temple may refer to:

Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple, Pallava rock-cut Shiva temple in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu

Kailasa temple, Ellora, Rastrakuta-Pallava rock cut black granite megalithic Shiva temple of the Ellora Caves, near Aurangabad in Maharashtra

Kailasanathar Temple, Uthiramerur, Pallava rock-cut Shiva temple in Uthiramerur, Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu

Kailasanathar Temple, Thingalur, a Chola temple and a Paadal Petra Sthalam in Thingalur

Kailasanathar temple, Srivaikuntam, a temple in Srivaikuntam

Kandeeswarar Temple, Kandiyur

Kandeeswarar Temple (கண்டீசுவரர் கோயில், கண்டியூர்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva located in Kandiyur also known as Thirukkandiyur or Tirukkandiyur, near Tiruvaiyaru, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Tirugnana Sambandar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Koneswarar Temple, Kudavasal

Koneswarar Temple(Tamil: குடவாசல் கோணேசுவரர் கோயில்) is a Hindu temple in the town of Kudavasal in the Tiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu, India. The presiding deity is Shiva.

Nadutariappar Temple, Kanrappur

Nadutariappar Temple, Kanrappur (நடுதறியப்பர் கோயில், கன்றாப்பூர்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located at Kanrappur near Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Appar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Netroddharakaswami Temple

Netroddharakaswami Temple (நேத்ரோதாரகாஸ்வாமி கோயில்) is a Hindu temple located at Panaiyapuram in the Viluppuram district of Tamil Nadu, India. The presiding deity is Shiva and the main idol is a shivalinga and it is classified as a Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Neyyadiappar Temple, Tillaistanam

Neyyadiappar Temple, Tillaistanam (நெய்யாடியப்பர் கோயில், தில்லைஸ்தானம்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the village of Thillaistanam also known as Tillaistanam or Thiruneithanam in Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Tirugnana Sambandar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Palaivananathar Temple

Palaivananathar Temple (பாலைவனநாதர் கோயில்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Papanasam, Tamil Nadu, India. It is a Paadal Petra Sthalam and is considered to be the 19th in the series of Thevara Stalams in the Chola kingdom located south of the river Kaveri.

Pushpavananathar Temple, Tiruppoonturutti

Pushpavananathar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located near Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Appar and is. classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Thiruvalampozhil Shiva Temple, another Padal petra sthalm is located nearby in the same village.

Sakshinatheswarar Temple, Thiruppurambiyam

Sakshinatheswarar Temple (சாட்சிநாதேஸ்வரர் கோயில்) or Thiruppurambiyam Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the Thiruppurambiyam, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thevaram, the 7th century Tamil literature and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Sankaraparani River

The Sankaraparani River originates on the western slope of Gingee Hill in Viluppuram District of the State of Tamil Nadu. It has two sources, one in the Pakkammalai hills and one in the mountains of Melmalayanur. They join near Thenpalai village to form the main river. Sankaraparani is also known as Varahanadi or Gingee River.

Thenkurangaduthurai Temple, Aduthurai

Ten Kurangaadutrai Temple, Aduthurai (தென் குரங்காடுதுறை கோயில், ஆடுதுறை) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the village of Aduthurai, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Tirugnana Sambandar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Thiruvisanallur Sivayoginathar Temple

Sivayoginathar Temple also known as Yoganandeswarar temple (யோகநந்தீசுவரர் கோயில்)is located in Thiruvisanallur in Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thevaram and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. The temple is considered 43rd of the Tevara Stalams in Chola Nadu located North of the river Cauvery.

Tirunallar Dharbaranyeswarar Temple

Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple or Dharbaranyeswarar Temple(திருநள்ளாறு தர்ப்பாரண்யேசுவரர் கோயில் is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shani (saturn) located in Tirunallar in Karaikal district of Pondicherry, India. The presiding deity is Lord Siva, Dharbaranyeswar and the place Tirunallar was historically called Dharbaranyam. The temple is revered by the hymns of 7th century Tamil saivite poets, Appar, Sundarar and Sambandhar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Tiruvaikavur Temple

Tiruvaikavur Temple or Thiruvaikavur Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the holy village of Tiruvaikavur, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Tirugnana Sambandar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

Vandurai Nathar Temple

Vandurai Nathar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Cherivadi Vaikal in the Tiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu, India. The presiding deity is Shiva.

Vedapuriswarar Temple, Thiruvedhikudi

Vedapuriswarar Temple, Thiruvedhikudi (வேதபுரீசுவரர் கோயில், திருவேதிகுடி) or Vazhaimadunathar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Thiruvedhikudi near Tiruvaiyaru, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Appar and Campantar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

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