PLA Academy of Military Science

The Academy of Military Science of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (AMS) (Chinese: 中国人民解放军军事科学研究院; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn Jūnshì Kēxué Yánjiūyuàn) is the highest-level research institute of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China,[1] headquartered in Beijing. Its president is Lt. General Yang Xuejun (since June 2017)[2] and Lt. General Fang Xiang is the political commissar.

Academy of Military Science of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
中国人民解放军军事科学研究院
China Emblem PLA
TypeMilitary institute
Established1958
Parent institution
PLA
PresidentYang Xuejun
Location
Beijing

Functions

As stated in its official description, the AMS researches issues related to “national defence, armed forces development and military operations.” It works in consultation with the Central Military Commission and the Joint staff Department. More broadly, it coordinates research conducted by the various PLA institutions.[3]

Also, according to Bates Gill and James Mulvenon, "AMS researchers write reports for the military leadership, ghost-write speeches for top military leaders, and serve on temporary and permanent leading small groups as drafters of important documents like the Defence White Paper. The AMS also conducts analysis on foreign militaries, strategy and doctrine, and has consistently taken the lead role in the study of the future of warfare."[3]

History and organization

The AMS was founded in March 1958 and as of 2002, its staff included approximately 500 researchers, making it the largest research institution in the PLA.[3] Although the AMS has been reorganized multiple times since its founding, as of August 2008, it contained the following administrative divisions:

  • Department of Research Directive
  • Academy Affair Department
  • Political Department
  • Graduate Department (School)
  • Department of War Theory and Strategic Research
  • Department of Operations Theory and Doctrines Research
  • Department of Armed Forces Development Research
  • Department of World Military Research[4]

The academy also maintains a research magazine, a publishing house, and a library.[4]

Members and staff

  • Major General Yao Yunzhu, director of China-America Defense Relations[5]
  • Major General Chen Zhou, a senior researcher and a key author of the 2013 The Diversified Employment of China’s Armed Forces paper[5]
  • Dr. Lu Jinghua, Research Fellow, Center on China-America Defense Relations

References

  1. ^ "People's Liberation Army". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
  2. ^ "Gao Jin becomes PLA's youngest military region-level chief". China Times. 25 December 2014. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Bates Gill; James Mulvenon (September 2002). "Chinese Military-Related Think Tanks and Research Institutions". China Quarterly. 171.
  4. ^ a b "PLA Academy of Military Science". SinoDefence.com. August 24, 2008. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Yao, Yunzhu (April 22, 2013). "China Will Not Change Its Nuclear Policy". China US Focus. Retrieved April 24, 2013.

External links

Cai Yingting

Cai Yingting (Chinese: 蔡英挺; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chhòa Eng-théng; born April 1954) is a former general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA). He served as Commander of the Nanjing Military Region and President of the PLA Academy of Military Science, but was demoted in 2017.

Chen Haosu

Chen Haosu (born 1942) is a Chinese politician. He served as Chairman of the Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries from 2000 to 2011. He is also President of the China International Friendship Cities Association, China-Russia Friendship Association and China-EU Association.Born in May 1942, Chen is son of the late Marshal and Foreign Minister Chen Yi.

He graduated from the University of Science and Technology of China with a Bachelor's Degree in Science

and served successively as Secretary of the China Youth League Central Committee,

Deputy Secretary of the CPC Fengtai Committee,

Vice Mayor for the Beijing Municipality,

Vice Minister of the Film and Television Bureau

and member of the 9th CCPCC National Committee.Apart from his political involvement, Chen used to be researcher at the PLA Academy of Military Science.

He now serves in the Global Executive Committee and as Asia-Pacific President of the United Cities and Local Governments.He is also a published poet.

His works include:

Chen Haosu poetry. New Star Press. 2006. ISBN 9787801489647.

Flight of the poem. Foreign Languages Press. 2008. ISBN 9787119053806.

Gao Jin

Gao Jin (Chinese: 高津; born April 1959) is a General (shang jiang) of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA). Since January 2016 he has served as the inaugural commander of the PLA Strategic Support Force. He formerly served as President of the PLA Academy of Military Science, and Chief of Staff of the Second Artillery Corps, where he spent most of his career.

Ge Zhenfeng

Ge Zhenfeng (Chinese: 葛振峰; born October 1944) is a retired general of China's People's Liberation Army.Born in Qingyuan, Hebei Province, Ge joined the PLA in June 1962 and the Communist Party of China in July 1965. In 1984, he became the vice chief of staff of PLA army corps. In 1988, he was promoted to chief of staff of 39th army corps. He became the commander of 64th army corps in 1992. In November 1996, he was elevated to chief of staff of PLA Shenyang Military Region. He became vice commander of Shenyang MR in January 1999. In December 2000, he was appointed as vice president of PLA National Defense University. In July 2001, he became the president of PLA Academy of Military Science. From November 2002 to December 2009, he has served as executive vice chief of staff in General Staff Department of PLA.He was made lieutenant general in 1998, and awarded the rank of general on 20 June 2004.

He Lei

He Lei (Chinese: 何雷; born June 1955) is lieutenant general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army.

Liu Chengjun (general)

Liu Chengjun (Chinese: 刘成军; born 1949) is a retired general (shang jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of China. He served as Vice Commander of the PLAAF and President of the PLA Academy of Military Science.

Liu was born in Chengwu County, Shandong Province. His former posts included commander of an Air Force division, vice commander and later commander of PLA Air Force 8th corps and the chief of staff of the Air Force of the Nanjing Military Region. In July 2003, he was appointed vice commander of the Nanjing MR and commander of the Air Force of the Nanjing MR. In December 2004, he was promoted to the post of vice commander of the PLA Air Force. In 2007, he succeeded general Zheng Shenxia as President of PLA Academy of Military Science.He attained the rank of lieutenant general of the Air Force in July 2004, full general in 2010. He was a member of the 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. He retired from the military in December 2014.

Liu Yuan (PRC general)

Liu Yuan (Chinese: 刘源; born 22 February 1951) is a retired General of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and a former politician. He served as the last political commissar of the PLA General Logistics Department and prior to that, political commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Science. Before his military career, he served as vice mayor of Zhengzhou and vice governor of Henan Province. He is the son of Liu Shaoqi, the former President of China who was persecuted to death during the Cultural Revolution.

Liu Zhe

Liu Zhe (simplified Chinese: 刘喆; traditional Chinese: 劉喆; pinyin: Liú Zhé) is a People's Liberation Army Navy officer serving as the captain of the Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning since May 2016.

Luo Yuan (admiral)

Luo Yuan (simplified Chinese: 罗援; traditional Chinese: 羅援; pinyin: Luó Yuán; born 1950), is a Chinese author, social commentator, and military theorist at the PLA Academy of Military Science. He holds the rank of rear admiral in the People's Liberation Army Navy, he is a supporter of communist orthodoxy and has expressed nationalist, anti-American and anti-western sentiments.

Mao Xinyu

Mao Xinyu (born 17 January 1970) is a grandson of Mao Zedong and a Major General in the People's Liberation Army.

Peng Shaohui

Peng Shaohui (simplified Chinese: 彭绍辉; traditional Chinese: 彭紹輝; pinyin: Péng Shàohuī; 6 September 1906 - 25 April 1978) was a general in the People's Liberation Army of China, who served two separate terms as deputy commander of the People's Liberation Army, from 1954 to 1967 and from 1969 to 1978. Peng was the only fellow-villager of Mao Zedong in the People's Liberation Army. He was known as "One-Armed General".Peng was a member of the 9th, 10th and 11th CPC Central Committee. He was a member of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd National Defense Commission. He was also a member of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th National People's Congress.

People's Liberation Army Air Force Airborne Corps

The People's Liberation Army Air Force Airborne Corps (simplified Chinese: 中国人民解放军空降兵军; traditional Chinese: 中國人民解放軍空降兵軍; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn Kōngjiàngbīng Jūn; literally: 'Chinese People's Liberation Army Airborne Corps') is a corps directly under the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) headquarters. It was reorganized and renamed from the 15th Airborne Corps in May 2017 and now comprises six airborne brigades and a special operations brigade. The PLAAF Airborne Corps is China's primary strategic airborne unit and part of the newly formed rapid reaction units (RRUs) of the Chinese military which is primarily designated for airborne and special operation missions. Its role is similar to that of the U.S. Army's XVIII Airborne Corps/82nd Airborne Division.

Only one of the PLAAF Airborne Corps' former three divisions (or just 2 to 3 of the current 7 brigades) can deploy to any part of China within 48 hours due to limited airlift capabilities. In the late 1990s the airlift capability of the PLAAF consisted of 10 IL-76 heavy lift, Yu-8, and Yu-7 transports, as well as Mi-17, Mi-8, Z-8, and Z-9 helicopters. As such, the PLAAF could only lift one division of 11,000 men complemented with light tanks and self-propelled artillery. In 1988, there were reports claiming that a 10,000 man airborne division was transported to Tibet in less than 48 hours.

Qin Tian

Qin Tian (Chinese: 秦天; born 1957) is a lieutenant general of the Chinese People's Armed Police (PAP). He is a member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee People's Armed Police, Vice Commander of the People's Armed Police, former Chief of Staff of the People's Armed Police from 2015 to 2017.

Wang Sentai

Wang Sentai (Chinese: 王森泰; born December 1951) is a retired lieutenant general (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army of China. He served as a Deputy Political Commissar of the PLA Navy.

Wang Zhaohai

Wang Zhaohai (Chinese: 王兆海; pinyin: Wāng Zhàohaǐ; born January 1950) is a retired vice admiral (zhong jiang) who served as Deputy Political Commissar of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). He was also Vice President of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles.

Xu Yaoyuan

Xu Yaoyuan (Chinese: 许耀元; born December 1952) is a retired general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA). He served as Political Commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Science and was a member of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

Xu was born in Wujiang, Jiangsu province. He enlisted in the PLA in 1969, and served in the 23rd Army. In 1997 he entered the PLA General Political Department (GPD); in 2004 he was put in charge of the cadres department of the GPD. In 2007 he became assistant to the director of the Department. In 2010 he attained the rank of lieutenant general, and became Political Commissar of the People's Armed Police. In July 2012 he was promoted to full general. In December 2014, Xu replaced General Sun Sijing as Political Commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Science.

Zhang Dingfa

Zhang Dingfa (Chinese: 张定发; 8 December 1943 – 14 December 2006) was a submariner and admiral of China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), who served as Commander of the PLAN from 2003 to 2006. Prior to that, he served as President of the PLA Academy of Military Science and Commander of the North Sea Fleet.

Zhang became the PLA Navy commander in the aftermath of the fatal submarine 361 accident in 2003. He initiated reforms to improve maintenance and training of the naval force, but stepped down three years later because of cancer, and died soon afterwards.

Zhang Yongyi

Zhang Yongyi (Chinese: 张永义; born February 1950) is a retired naval aviator and vice admiral of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). He served as a Deputy Commander of the PLAN from 2004 to 2013.

Zhao Nanqi

This is a Chinese and Korean name; the family name is Zhao (Cho).Zhao Nanqi (Chinese: 赵南起; 20 April 1927 – 17 June 2018), or Cho Nam-gi in Korean, was a Chinese general and politician. Born in Japanese-ruled Korea (in today's South Korea), he moved with his family to Jilin, China, as a child. He distinguished himself as a logistics officer of the People's Volunteer Army during the Korean War. After the war, he served in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Jilin Military District and as Vice Governor of Jilin province. He later served in top leadership positions in the PLA as Director of the General Logistics Department (1987–1992), member of the Central Military Commission, and President of the PLA Academy of Military Science (1992–1995). He attained the rank of general in 1988. From 1998 to 2003 he served as a Vice Chairperson of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

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