Ozploitation

Ozploitation films are exploitation films – a category of low-budget horror, comedy, and action films – made in Australia[1] after the introduction of the R rating in 1971.[2] The year also marked the beginnings of the Australian New Wave movement, and the Ozploitation style peaked within the same time frame (early 1970s to late 1980s). Ozploitation is often considered a smaller wave within the New Wave, covering a wide range of genres from sexploitation, biker films, horror films and even Kung fu.[3][4]

Background

The origin of the term "Ozploitation" is credited to the documentary Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story of Ozploitation!.[5] This 2008 feature explores Ozploitation films made during the Australian New Wave. The film includes interviews with numerous figures involved in Ozploitation, as well as fans of the genre, including American director Quentin Tarantino, who coined the phrase "Aussiesploitation", which director Mark Hartley then shortened to "Ozploitation".[6]

Australian horror film production trebled from less than 20 films in the 1990s to over 60 films between 2000 and 2008.[7] According to one researcher, "global forces and emerging production and distribution models are challenging the 'narrowness' of cultural policy – a narrowness that mandates a particular film culture, circumscribes certain notions of value and limits the variety of films produced domestically. Despite their low-culture status, horror films have been well suited to the Australian film industry's financial limitations, they are a growth strategy for producers, and a training ground for emerging filmmakers".[8]

Filmography

1970s

[9]

1980s

[9]

1990s

[9]

2000s

[9]

2010s

[9]

References

  1. ^ Go Down Under with 20 Must-See Ozploitation Films!-Film School Rejects
  2. ^ 20 Outragous Ozploitation Classics-The Grindhouse Cinema Database
  3. ^ Ozploitation: Exploitation From Down Under-The Grindhouse Cinema Database
  4. ^ AFI Silver Theatre and Culture Center
  5. ^ Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story Of OZploitation!-AV Club
  6. ^ "The Bazura Project 3.04 – Interview : The Bazura Project". www.bazuraproject.com. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Horror brings film industry back from the grave" (13 October 2008), The Age. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
  8. ^ Ryan , Mark David (2009) 'Whither culture? Australian horror films and the limitations of cultural policy'. Media International Australia incorporating Culture and Policy(No 133). pp. 43-55.
  9. ^ a b c d e The Best Ozploitation Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  10. ^ Film Review: Spin Out (2016) www.filmblerg.com Retrieved 2018-01-04

See also

External links

American Grindhouse

American Grindhouse is a 2010 documentary directed and produced by Elijah Drenner. The film made its world premiere at the South by Southwest film festival in Austin, Texas on March 13, 2010.

Australian New Wave

The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australian Cinema) was an era of resurgence in worldwide popularity of Australian cinema, particularly in the United States. It began in the early 1970s and lasted until the mid-late 1980s. The era also marked the emergence of Ozploitation, a film genre characterised by the exploitation of colloquial Australian culture.

Bloodmoon (1990 film)

Bloodmoon is a 1990 Australian slasher film directed by Alec Mills. It was featured in the documentary Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story of Ozploitation!.

Centrespread

Centrespread is a futuristic Ozploitation movie about a jaded photographer for sex magazines who has been commissioned to find a girl with "a new look, a different approach, someone for the new century."

Dan Morgan (bushranger)

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Dan Morgan (30 April 1830 – 9 April 1865), born John Fuller, was an Australian bushranger. Nicknamed "Mad Dog", he was known for his erratic behaviour and often violent mood swings, and was regarded in his time as "the most bloodthirsty ruffian that ever took to the bush in Australia".

After he had killed a trooper in July 1864, the Government of New South Wales put a £1,000 bounty on Morgan's head. He was shot and killed after holding up Peechelba Station in Victoria.

His exploits inspired the 1976 Ozploitation film Mad Dog Morgan, starring Dennis Hopper in the title role.

Dead End Drive-In

Dead End Drive-In is a 1986 Australian action film about a teenage couple trapped in a drive-in theatre which is really a concentration camp for societal rejects. The inmates, many of whom sport punk fashion, are fed a steady diet of junk food, new wave music, drugs, and violent films. The film was directed by Brian Trenchard-Smith. It stars Ned Manning and Natalie McCurry as the captive couple, and Peter Whitford as the manager of the drive-in. Mad Max 2 stuntman Guy Norris did some of the stunts. The soundtrack includes contemporary popular music performed by such bands as Kids in the Kitchen and Hunters and Collectors. The song during the rolling credits is "Playing With Fire" by Lisa Edwards.

Exploitation film

An exploitation film is a film that attempts to succeed financially by exploiting current trends, niche genres, or lurid content. Exploitation films are generally low-quality "B movies". They sometimes attract critical attention and cult followings. Some of these films, such as Night of the Living Dead (1968), set trends and become historically important.

Ian Barry (director)

Ian Barry is an Australian director of film and TV.

Jacki Weaver

Jacqueline Ruth Weaver (born 25 May 1947) is an Australian theatre, film, and television actress. She is known internationally for her performances in Animal Kingdom (2010) and Silver Linings Playbook (2012), both of which earned her nominations for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.

Weaver emerged in the 1970s as a symbol of the Australian New Wave through her work in Ozploitation films such as Stork (1971), Alvin Purple (1973), and Petersen (1974). In 2005, she released her autobiography, Much Love, Jac.

John D. Lamond

John D. Lamond (1947 – 24 October 2018) was an Australian film director, producer and screenwriter. He was best known for directing such films as Felicity, A Slice of Life, Breakfast in Paris and Nightmares.Before becoming a director he worked in distribution for Roadshow.He was featured in the documentary Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story of Ozploitation!

Mark Hartley

Mark Hartley is an Australian film maker. He is best known for the documentary Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story of Ozploitation! (2008) and the remake of Patrick (2013). He also wrote and directed the documentary film Electric Boogaloo: The Wild, Untold Story of Cannon Films.

Offscreen Film Festival

The Offscreen Film Festival started in 2008, as an annual international non-competitive film festival organized in Brussels. The festival is intended to create an acquisition, media and exhibition platform for undistributed or rarely screened films and give audiences a chance to (re)discover repertory films, independent audio-visual creations and outsider cinema. New and sometimes unexpected associations between contemporary film and film history are explored by way of thematic programming modules.

Attracting more than 7000 visitors, the festival features cult films, documentaries and genre entries from around the world.

The festival's guests have included Jack Hill, Mark Hartley, Alex Cox, Jess Franco, Bruce Bickford, Phil Mulloy, Simon Rumley, Luigi Cozzi, Monte Hellman, Suzan Pitt, Ruggero Deodato, Umberto Lenzi, John Waters, Martha Colburn, Peter Strickland, Radley Metzger, Robin Hardy, Martine Beswick, Bruno Forzani & Hélène Cattet.

Thematic and retrospective programs have included Freak Cinema (including a Tod Browning retrospective), a tribute to William Castle, Post-apocalyptic Film, Raro Italiano (Italian Genre cinema), Ozploitation, Pink & Violent (Japanese '70s exploitation cinema), a Spaghetti Western retrospective, Outer Space (rare science-fiction from behind the Iron Curtain), a tribute to the Shaw Brothers, Home Sweet Home (a program of Home Invasion & Haunted House films), Camp & Trash Cinema, 100 years Nikkatsu, British Cult Cinema, a Ken Russell retrospective, a tribute to Gisaburō Sugii and more.

Opera film

An opera film is a recording of an opera on film.

Patrick (1978 film)

Patrick is a 1978 Australian science fiction horror film directed by Richard Franklin and written by Everett De Roche. The film popularised Ozploitation films in other territories. A remake, Patrick, was released in 2013.

Richard Franklin (director)

Richard Franklin (15 July 1948 – 11 July 2007) was an Australian film director.

The 7th Hunt

The 7th Hunt is an independent horror film from Australia, directed by J.D. Cohen, co-directed by Darren K Hawkins for Cinegear Productions/Coherent Productions in 2008 and first screened in 2009. It is widely considered to be of the Ozploitation (Australian Exploitation) genre. The plot revolves around a group of sadistic killers and their victims. The film featured in the New York City Horror Film Festival in 2009, the Grimm Up North Film Festival in the UK, and the Atlanta Horror Film Festival. The film stars actress and swimsuit model Imogen Bailey of Neighbours fame.

Turkey Shoot (1982 film)

Turkey Shoot (also known as Escape 2000 and Blood Camp Thatcher) is a 1982 Australian dystopian action film directed by Brian Trenchard-Smith and starring Steve Railsback, Olivia Hussey, Michael Craig, and Lynda Stoner. The cast is a mix of international actors, Australian soap opera actors and television personalities.

Widely considered an "Ozploitation" (or Australian exploitation film), the film is notable for its extreme violence and sadistic prison sequences, and it features plot elements of The Most Dangerous Game, but rather than having human targets hunted for sport by a madman on his own island, the story features a concentration camp in a futuristic, fascist society which offers the opportunity to rich adventurers with legal immunity. AskMen labeled it "Easily the cheapest and nastiest piece of mainstream celluloid ever stitched together by our mad cinematic scientists". The film has spawned a 2014 remake directed by Jon Hewitt, and starring Dominic Purcell and Viva Bianca.

Umbrella Entertainment

Umbrella Entertainment is an Australian film distribution company that began operating in 2001. It is based in Kew, Victoria.

In addition to DVD sales, Umbrella manages the theatrical releases of Australian films, documentaries and arthouse indie films. Umbrella specialises in a wide range of content for theatrical exhibition, home entertainment, TV broadcasting and online download platforms. Umbrella has amassed a catalogue of over 1,500 titles and has one of largest collections of remastered classic Australian films and TV programs on DVD in the country.Umbrella also specialises in releases of rare, or classic cult horror titles. Notable examples include a restoration of the 1990 remake of Night of the Living Dead, Night of the Creeps and the Australian Ozploitation horror film Patrick. Umbrella recently released on DVD and blu-ray brand new transfer from 4K master of Roadgames and The Man from Hong Kong. Upcoming releases will be Dark Age (film) , Long Weekend, Cosi (film), One Night Stand (1984 film), Attack Force Z, and Body Melt.

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