OxfordDictionaries.com, originally titled Oxford Dictionaries Online (ODO) and rebranded Oxford Living Dictionaries in 2017, is an online dictionary produced by the Oxford University Press (OUP)[1] publishing house, a department of the University of Oxford, which also publishes a number of print dictionaries, among other works. The database includes the contents of Oxford Dictionary of English, New Oxford American Dictionary, Oxford Thesaurus of English, and Oxford American Writer's Thesaurus, and the website also provides English grammar and usage resources.[2] The database provides both "world" and American English as separate lexicons; while most entries are the same, some significantly differ to reflect distinctions in usage. This online edition of Oxford's dictionary resources includes exclusive updates (mostly neologisms); it is updated every three months.[3] The site also includes several dictionaries of foreign language terms to and from English. It does not include the full text of the Oxford English Dictionary.

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Comparison with Oxford English Dictionary

The following is an extract from "The OED and Oxford Dictionaries" at OxfordDictionaries.com:[4]

The dictionary content in Oxford Dictionaries focuses on current English and includes modern meanings and uses of words. Where words have more than one meaning, the most important and common meanings in modern English are given first, and less common and more specialist or technical uses are listed below. The OED, on the other hand, is a historical dictionary and it forms a record of all the core words and meanings in English over more than 1,000 years, from Old English to the present day, and including many obsolete and historical terms. Meanings are ordered chronologically in the OED, according to when they were first recorded in English ....


  1. ^ "The OED and Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  2. ^ "Oxford Dictionaries content help". Oxford Dictionaries Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  3. ^ Harrison, Emma (19 June 2014). "Oxford dictionaries: Demise of the printed editions?". BBC News. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  4. ^ "The OED and Oxford Dictionaries". OxfordDictionaries.com. 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2017.

External links


Tapering to a long point, such as in the shape of leaves or other botanical features such as the stamen filaments.

Anselmo Duarte

Anselmo Duarte (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈsɛwmu duˈaʁtʃi]; April 21, 1920 – November 7, 2009) was a Brazilian actor, screenwriter and film director. His film O Pagador de Promessas (1962) (also "The Given Word" and "The Keeper of Promisses") won the Golden Palm at the 1962 Cannes Film Festival, becoming, to date, the only Brazilian feature film to be so distinguished and the first Cannes' Southern Hemisphere Golden Palm for best feature film. The film was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. In 1962 "O Pagador de Promessas" was also awarded best film and best musical score at the San Francisco international film festival and best film at the Acapulco (Mexico), Cartagena (Colombia), Karlovy Vary (Czechoslovakia) and Edinburgh (Scotland) international film festivals. His 1964 film ¨Vereda da Salvação" - The Obsessed of Catule was entered into the 15th Berlin International Film Festival.He also was a freemason.

The President of Brazil, Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, awarded Duarte the Order of The Cultural Merit, Brazil's highest cultural civilian honor, and the Governor of São Paulo, José Serra, awarded Duarte the Order of Ipiranga, which is the state’s highest civilian honor.

Duarte was awarded titles of merit citizenship by numerous Brazilian municipalities including Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Salto, his birthplace.

In 2009, the municipality of Salto inaugurated a multimillion-dollar cultural and educational center named "Centro Cultural e Educacional Anselmo Duarte", housing a 500 audience amphitheater for film and theatrical events. The center also displays for public view the original "Golden Palm" awarded to Duarte at the 1962 Cannes Film Festival. In 2008, at 88, Duarte founded a cultural organization (Instituto Anselmo Duarte) dedicated to restoring selected Brazilian films and creating special, free of charge, educational projects aimed at young filmmakers to improve their technical filmmaking skills. After his death, his son, Ricardo Duarte, 69, became the institute's president.

Upon being diagnosed by suffering Alzheimer's dementia in 2002, Duarte spent his last 7 years of life under the care of his son, Ricardo. Anselmo had 4 children.

Reaching stage 6 on his Alzheimer illness condition a bladder cancer was detected which led to a severe blood hemorrhage, precipitating a heart stroke. Although both the bladder cancer and heart conditions had been successfully treated a sudden massive hemorrhagic brain stroke unplugged the legendary Brazilian actor and filmmaker from life cognition in a comatose >https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/comatose for 6 days.

Duarte died on November 7, 2009, due to complications from a stroke.

Diminutives in Australian English

Diminutive forms of words are commonly used in every-day Australian English. While many dialects of English make use of diminutives, Australian English uses them more extensively than any other. Diminutives may be seen as slang, but many forms are used widely across the whole of society. Some forms have also spread outside Australia to other English speaking countries. There are over 5,000 identified diminutives in use in Australian English.

Duck face

Duck face is a photographic pose, which is well known on profile pictures in social networks. Lips are pressed together as in a pout and often with simultaneously sucked in cheeks. The pose is most often seen as an attempt to appear alluring, but also as a self-deprecating, ironic gesture making fun of the pose. It may be associated with sympathy, attractiveness, friendliness or stupidity.A 2015 study found that people posting duck face pictures are more likely to be associated with neuroticism.In an animal communication studies of capuchin monkeys, the "duck face" term has been used synonymously with "protruded lip face", which females exhibit in the proceptive phase before mating.OxfordDictionaries.com added "duck face" as a new word in 2014 to their list of current and modern words, but it has not been added to the Oxford English Dictionary.

Glossary of American terms not widely used in the United Kingdom

This is a list of American words not widely used in the United Kingdom. In Canada and Australia, some of the American terms listed are widespread; however, in some cases, another usage is preferred.

Words with specific American meanings that have different meanings in British English and/or additional meanings common to both dialects (e.g., pants, crib) are to be found at List of words having different meanings in British and American English. When such words are herein used or referenced, they are marked with the flag [DM] (different meaning).

Asterisks (*) denote words and meanings having appreciable (that is, not occasional) currency in British English, but nonetheless distinctive of American English for their relatively greater frequency in American speech and writing. Americanisms are increasingly common in British English, and many that were not widely used some decades ago, are now so (e.g., regular in the sense of "regular coffee").

American spelling is consistently used throughout this article, except when explicitly referencing British terms.

Glossary of British terms not widely used in the United States

This is a list of British words not widely used in the United States. In Canada, New Zealand, India, South Africa, and Australia, some of the British terms listed are used, although another usage is often preferred.

Words with specific British English meanings that have different meanings in American and/or additional meanings common to both languages (e.g. pants, cot) are to be found at List of words having different meanings in American and British English. When such words are herein used or referenced, they are marked with the flag [DM] (different meaning).

Asterisks (*) denote words and meanings having appreciable (that is, not occasional) currency in American English, but are nonetheless notable for their relatively greater frequency in British speech and writing.

British English spelling is consistently used throughout the article, except when explicitly referencing American terms.

Google Dictionary

Google Dictionary is an online dictionary service of Google that can be accessed by using the "define" operator and other similar phrases in Google Search. It is also available in Google Translate and in the form of an extension for Google Chrome. The dictionary content is licensed from Oxford University Press's OxfordDictionaries.com. It is available in different languages such as English, Spanish and French. The service also contains pronunciation audio, Google Translate, word origin chart, Ngram Viewer, and word games among other features for the English language version. Originally available as a standalone service it was integrated into Google Search with the separate service being discontinued in August 2011.

Microsoft's Bing also provides a similar dictionary service which licences dictionary data from Oxford Dictionaries as well. Apple also licences dictionary data from Oxford for its iOS and macOS products.

Korean won

The won (; Korean: 원(圓), Korean pronunciation: [wʌn]) was the currency of Korea between 1902 and 1910. It was subdivided into 100 jeon (; Korean: 전(錢), Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌn]).


Manspreading or man-sitting is the practice of men sitting in public transport with legs wide apart, thereby covering more than one seat. Both this posture and the use of the neologism "manspreading" have occasioned some internet criticism and debates in the US, UK, Turkey, and Canada. The public debate began when an anti-manspreading campaign started on the social media website Tumblr in 2013; the term appeared a year later. OxfordDictionaries.com added the word "manspreading" in August 2015.

Use of the term has been criticized as "a caricature of feminism" and the practice has been juxtaposed with examples of women taking up excessive space in public spaces with bags.


ODO may refer to:

OxfordDictionaries.com, originally titled Oxford Dictionaries Online

ODO Riga, a former sports club in Riga, Latvian SSR

ODO (album), 2008 EP by The Funeral Orchestra


Ornithopods () or members of the clade Ornithopoda ( or ) are a group of ornithischian dinosaurs that started out as small, bipedal running grazers, and grew in size and numbers until they became one of the most successful groups of herbivores in the Cretaceous world, and dominated the North American landscape. Their major evolutionary advantage was the progressive development of a chewing apparatus that became the most sophisticated ever developed by a non-avian dinosaur, rivaling that of modern mammals such as the domestic cow. They reached their apex in the duck-bills (hadrosaurs), before they were wiped out by the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event along with all other non-avian dinosaurs. Members are known from all seven continents, though they are generally rare in the Southern Hemisphere.


A podium (plural podiums or podia) is a platform used to raise something to a short distance above its surroundings. It derives from the Greek πόδι (foot). In architecture a building can rest on a large podium. Podia can also be used to raise people, for instance the conductor of an orchestra stands on a podium as do many public speakers.

Common parlance has shown an increasing use of podium in American English to describe a lectern.In sports, a type of podium is used to honor the top three competitors in events such as the Olympics. In the Olympics a three-level podium is used. Traditionally, the highest level in the center holds the gold medalist. To their right is a somewhat lower platform for the silver medalist, and to the left of the gold medalist is an even lower platform for the bronze medalist. At the 2016 Summer Games in Rio, however, the Silver and Bronze were equal in elevation. In many sports, results in the top three of a competition are often referred to as "podiums" or "podium finishes". In some individual sports, "podiums" is an official statistic, referring to the number of top three results an athlete has achieved over the course of a season or career. The word may also be used, chiefly in the United States, as a verb, "to podium", meaning to attain a podium place.


Righteousness is defined as "the quality of being morally correct and justifiable." It can also be considered synonymous with "rightness". It is a concept that can be found in Dharmic traditions and Abrahamic traditions as a theological concept. For example, from various perspectives in Hinduism, Christianity, and Judaism it is considered an attribute that implies that a person's actions are justified, and can have the connotation that the person has been "judged" or "reckoned" as leading a life that is pleasing to God.

It is also found in Tamil literature in the name of அறம் (aram). In Tamil literature there is separate section called அற நூல்கள் ("righteous books"), for example Thirukkural, Nālaṭiyār and many more books. Tirukkural dedicates chapters 1–38 of the Book of Aram for righteousness. A poem in Purananuru written by Kaniyan Pungundranar, it showcases the practice of righteousness leads to world peace and harmony in society.

William Tyndale (Bible translator into English in 1526) remodelled the word after an earlier word rihtwis, which would have yielded modern English *rightwise or *rightways. He used it to translate the Hebrew root צדקים (TzDYQ), tzedek, which appears over five hundred times in the Hebrew Bible, and the Greek word δίκαιος (dikaios), which appears more than two hundred times in the New Testament.


A sequela (UK: , US: ; usually used in the plural, sequelae) is a pathological condition resulting from a disease, injury, therapy, or other trauma. Typically, a sequela is a chronic condition that is a complication which follows a more acute condition. It is different from, but is a consequence of, the first condition. Timewise, a sequela contrasts with a late effect, where there is a period, sometimes as long as several decades, between the resolution of the initial condition and the appearance of the late effect.

In general, non-medical usage, the terms sequela and sequelae mean consequence and consequences.


A staycation (a portmanteau of "stay" and "vacation"), or holistay (a portmanteau of "holiday" and "stay"), is a period in which an individual or family stays home and participates in leisure activities within driving distance of their home and does not require overnight accommodations. Alternatively, and commonly in UK usage, it is a holiday spent in one's home country rather than abroad (https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/staycation). Common activities of a staycation include use of the backyard pool, visits to local parks and museums, and attendance at local festivals and amusement parks, such as Busch Gardens, Six Flags, or SeaWorld. Some staycationers also like to follow a set of rules, such as setting a start and end date, planning ahead, and avoiding routine, with the goal of creating the feel of a traditional vacation.Staycations achieved popularity in the U.S. during the financial crisis of 2007–2010. Staycations also became a popular phenomenon in the UK in 2009 as a weak pound made overseas holidays significantly more expensive.


For the form-fitting garment which covers the whole body, see:Jumpsuit or Onesie

A sweater (American English and British English), also called jumper in British English (but according to at least one British dictionary not in the case of a heavy sweater), is a piece of clothing, typically with long sleeves, made of knitted or crocheted material that covers the upper part of the body.According to British dictionaries, "sweater" is used in British English in the same sense as in American English but "jumper" is commonly used instead (though some say that "sweater" is used for heavier ones worn for warmth). Apparently Oxforddictionaries.com is alone in claiming that in British usage sweaters are always pulled over the head and jumpers are not necessarily, whereas most or all other British dictionaries disagree and say that sweaters are not necessarily pullovers or even say that jumpers are always pullovers, i.e. never open in front.So according to most British dictionaries, British usage agree with what American dictionaries describe as American English usage, according to which a sweater is either a pullover or a cardigan, which opens at the front. In other words, almost all British dictionaries include cardigans as a type of sweater but at least one includes cardigans as a type of jumper (i.e. most British dictionaries consider "sweater" – and at least one considers "jumper" – to be a hypernym for both pullovers and cardigans).

Sweaters are worn by adults and children of all genders, often over a shirt, blouse, T-shirt, or other top, but sometimes next to the skin. Sweaters were traditionally made from wool but can now be made of cotton, synthetic fibers, or any combination of these. Sweaters are often maintained by washing or dry cleaning and the use of a lint roller or pill razor. But airing (and rinsing in pure water if necessary) is considered better than washing, especially when not all of the natural grease has been removed from the wool, which helps the wool to clean itself without any detergent, and the use of detergent would only be detrimental because it removes the grease.

Throw shade

The expressions "throw shade, "throwing shade", or simply "shade", are slang terms used to describe insults. Merriam-Webster defines "shade" as "subtle, sneering expression of contempt for or disgust with someone—sometimes verbal, and sometimes not" . OxfordDictionaries.com defines "throw shade" as a phrase used to "publicly criticize or express contempt for someone".


Tortellini are ring-shaped pasta, sometimes also described as "navel shaped", hence their alternative name of "belly button" (ombelico). They are typically stuffed with a mix of meat (pork loin, raw prosciutto, Mortadella), and Parmigiano Reggiano cheese. Originally from the Italian region of Emilia (in particular Bologna and Modena), they are usually served in broth (in brodo), either of beef, chicken, or both.Packed, dried and refrigerated or frozen, tortellini and tortelloni (similar but larger, with cheese and/or vegetable stuffing) appear in many locations around the world, especially where there are large Italian communities. Tortellini and tortelloni are made in European industrial lines supplying markets in Europe and further afield.

Wikipedia community

The Wikipedia community is the community of contributors to the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Individual contributors are known as "Wikipedians". OxfordDictionaries.com added the word "Wikipedian" in August 2012.Almost all Wikipedians are volunteers. With the increased maturity and visibility of Wikipedia, other categories of Wikipedians have emerged, such as Wikipedians in residence and students with assignments related to editing Wikipedia.

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