Oxford, Pennsylvania

Oxford is a borough in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. Oxford is the closest town to Lincoln University. The population was 5,574 at the 2017 census.[3]

Oxford, Pennsylvania
Oxford Hotel
Oxford Hotel
Location in Chester County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Chester County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Oxford is located in Pennsylvania
Oxford
Oxford
Location of Oxford in Pennsylvania
Oxford is located in the US
Oxford
Oxford
Oxford (the US)
Coordinates: 39°47′02″N 75°58′42″W / 39.78389°N 75.97833°WCoordinates: 39°47′02″N 75°58′42″W / 39.78389°N 75.97833°W
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyChester
Incorporated1833
Area
 • Total1.97 sq mi (5.10 km2)
 • Land1.97 sq mi (5.09 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
535 ft (163 m)
Population
(2017)
 • Total5,574
 • Density2,581.1/sq mi (1,058.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
19363
Area code(s)610 and 484
FIPS code42-57480
Websitewww.oxfordboro.org

History

The borough was once called Oxford Crossing and Oxford Village during the 1700s.

Oxford is located near the half-way point on the main road from Philadelphia to Baltimore. The owner of the stage between the two cities purchased Hood's Tavern and renamed it Oxford Hotel. It became the stopping point on the two-day trip between the two cities.

In 1805, the Oxford post office was established. In 1833, Oxford was officially incorporated as a borough. Its first burgess (now called the mayor) was Thomas Alexander, who operated a general store thought to be the oldest building in Oxford.

The northern half of Oxford was owned by the Dickey family in the 19th century. The Dickeys included the local Presbyterian minister, the Mr O'Malley of the local bank, a state Representative, and local businessmen. Reverend John Miller Dickey and his wife Sarah Emlen Cresson founded Ashmun Institute in 1854, and which later became Lincoln University. The family played a major role in re-routing the new Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad (P&BC) through Oxford. Track was laid in the 1850s. The railroad reached Oxford in 1860 and later connected to Philadelphia and Baltimore.[4] By the time of the Civil War, Oxford was a bustling community. The business district on Third Street was entirely re-built at this time, including the Oxford Hotel (1858) and Oxford Hall (1862). Oxford became known for its confectionery and candy businesses and was the location of many manufacturing facilities. A second railroad, the Peach Bottom Railway, was built in the 1870s from Oxford to Peach Bottom. It carried farm products and passengers but was not profitable. It struggled through three bankruptcies and reorganized as the Lancaster, Oxford and Southern Railway, finally closing permanently in 1918.[5]

The Pennsylvania Railroad took control of the P&BC on the eve of World War I. Passenger train service on the line ended in 1935.[6] In the late 20th century, transportation changes resulted in Oxford being located off the main roads. A bypass was constructed for U.S. Route 1 in the late 1960s,[7] but the major change was the 1963 opening of Interstate 95, which shifted the bulk of the Philadelphia-Baltimore traffic away from Oxford. The former Pennsylvania Railroad Station is now the borough hall.[8]

The Oxford Historic District and Oxford Hotel were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008.[9]

Oxford PA train station town hall
Borough Hall in the old train station

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.97 square miles (5.1 km2), all of it land. The population per square mile is 2,581.1.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850186
1860482159.1%
18701,151138.8%
18801,50230.5%
18901,71113.9%
19002,03218.8%
19102,39017.6%
19202,093−12.4%
19302,60624.5%
19402,7234.5%
19503,09113.5%
19603,3769.2%
19703,6588.4%
19803,633−0.7%
19903,7693.7%
20004,31514.5%
20105,07717.7%
Sources:[10][11][12]

At the 2010 census, the borough was 59.9% non-Hispanic White, 9.0% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and 4.0% were two or more races. 28.8% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[13] 693 people in the borough were foreign born.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 4,315 people, 1,703 households, and 1,047 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,254.6 people per square mile (872.3/km²). There were 1,825 housing units at an average density of 953.6/sq mi (368.9/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 77.75% White, 11.87% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 7.39% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.15% of the population.

There were 1,703 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.5 years. For every 100 females there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $49,896, and the median income for a family was $41,172. Males had a median income of $35,398 versus $23,015 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,924. About 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2012, there was a total of 264 business firms located in the borough.

Points of interest

Oxford Historic District bank PA
Town clock on the BB&T Bank

The Oxford Town Clock, on the BB&T bank on South Third Street, was restored in May 2001. The Fire House located right off of Market Street was originally the Dickey Building, but was renovated and named the Union Fire Company No. 1. They are still in this location today.

The Oxford Presbyterian Church, one of the oldest buildings in town, was destroyed by fire in 1989 after the steeple (which it was known for and can be seen for miles) was struck by lightning. It has been rebuilt and is still in use today.

Though not historic, Dave Detweiler's garage has become a frequently driven by location for visitors trying to catch a glimpse of the former West Chester Rams first baseman and legendary food safety watchdog.

Oxford is currently in the process of building a four-story parking garage in the middle of the borough. The borough office will also be moved to the first floor of the garage. The borough intends to bring in more people into the town with this new addition.

Education

Oxford PA Grain and Hay
Oxford Grain and Hay

The local public school district is the Oxford Area School District. There are six schools associated with the district: Jordan Bank Elementary (K), Elk Ridge Elementary (1-2), Nottingham Elementary (3-4), Hopewell Elementary (5-6), Penn's Grove Middle School (7-8), and Oxford Area High School (9-12). Penn's Grove Middle was the original location of the High School, but became Penn's Grove after the new High School building was completed in November 2005, (the new place is located down Waterway Road). Sacred Heart School is also located in Oxford, which was built in 2002, and is run by the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.

Oxford is apart of the American Division in the Ches-Mont League for high school sports. Sports included are football, basketball, baseball, soccer, field hockey, swimming, lacrosse, wrestling, tennis, and golf.

Oxford is the closest town to Lincoln University, one of the first historically black college in the United States, the first being Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, in Eastern Chester County/Western Delaware County. People such as Langston Hughes and Thurgood Marshall were students at Lincoln University.

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Oxford borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  4. ^ Garrett, Jerre. "The Baltimore Central Railroad Reaches Rising Sun." Accessed 2011-09-14.
  5. ^ Hilton, George W. (1999). The Ma & Pa: A History of the Maryland & Pennsylvania Railroad (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 29–36. ISBN 9780801862946.
  6. ^ Dixon, Mike. "All’s Quiet on the Octoraro Branch Line." Window on Cecil County's Past. 2008-10-20.
  7. ^ "US 1 Expressway-South of Philadelphia Section." The Roads of Metro Philadelphia. Accessed 2011-09-14.
  8. ^ Existing Railroad Stations in Chester County, Pennsylvania
  9. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  11. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  13. ^ "Census Profile PA". USA Today. Retrieved 5 July 2016.

External links

1964 Pennsylvania 200

The 1964 Pennsylvania 200 was a NASCAR Grand National Series (now Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series) event that was held on July 21, 1964, at Lincoln Speedway in New Oxford, Pennsylvania.

Bull Durham (pitcher)

Louis Raphael "Bull" Durham (born Louis Raphael Staub; June 27, 1877 – June 28, 1960) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball. He pitched in 2 games for the Brooklyn Superbas in 1904, 2 games for the Washington Senators in 1907 and five games for the New York Giants during 1908 and 1909.

Durham was born in New Oxford, Pennsylvania and grew up in Pennsylvania. After he began playing minor league baseball he got into trouble with the league due to a fight in a bar. He was banned, but found a loophole by changing his name to "Bull Durham." Once he finished his baseball career in 1909, he began acting and had roles in several silent films. He died in Bentley, Kansas.

Edward L. Gilligan

Edward Lyons Gilligan (April 18, 1843 – April 2, 1922) was an American soldier who fought in the American Civil War. Gilligan received his country's highest award for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor. Gilligan's medal was won after he assisted in the capture of a Confederate flag. He was honored with the award on April 30, 1892.Gilligan joined the Army from Philadelphia in October 1861. He was commissioned as an officer in October 1864, and mustered out with his regiment in June 1865. Gilligan was buried in Oxford, Pennsylvania.

Elk River (Maryland)

The Elk River is a tidal tributary of the Chesapeake Bay on the Eastern Shore of Maryland and on the northern edge of the Delmarva Peninsula. It is about 15 miles (24 km) long. As the most northeastern extension of the Chesapeake Bay estuary, it has served as one entrance to the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal since the 19th century. The canal and river now serve as one boundary of the Elk Neck Peninsula. The river flows through Cecil County, Maryland, with its watershed extending into New Castle County, Delaware and Chester County, Pennsylvania. Elkton, the county seat of Cecil County, is located at its head. Its total watershed area is 143 square miles (370 km2) (including the Bohemia River), with 21 square miles (54 km2) of open water, so its watershed is 15% open water. It is south and east of the North East River, and north of the Sassafras River.

Erik Harris

Erik Harris (born April 2, 1990) is an American football strong safety for the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at California University of Pennsylvania. He has also been a member of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and the New Orleans Saints. Harris is known for playing many positions, including free and strong safety, halfback (which has an entirely different meaning than the American football halfback), cornerback, weakside linebacker and strong-side linebacker.

Evan Pugh

Evan Pugh (February 29, 1828 – April 29, 1864) was the first president of the Pennsylvania State University, serving from 1859 until his death in 1864. An agricultural chemist, he was responsible for securing Penn State's designation in 1863 as a land-grant institution under the Morrill Land Grant Act. He was buried in Union Cemetery in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, along with his wife, Rebecca Valentine Pugh.

Greg Cox (writer)

Greg Cox (born 1959) is an American writer of science fiction, including works that are media tie-ins. He lives in Oxford, Pennsylvania.He has written numerous Star Trek novels, including The Eugenics Wars (Volume One and Two), The Q Continuum, Assignment: Eternity, and The Black Shore. His short fiction can be found in such anthologies as Star Trek: Tales of the Dominion War, Star Trek: The Amazing Stories and Star Trek: Enterprise logs. His first "Khan" novel, The Eugenics Wars: Volume One, was voted best sci-fi book of the year by the readers of Dreamwatch magazine. Cox can be found in a bonus feature on the "Director's Edition" DVD of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.

John Miller Dickey

Rev. John Miller Dickey, (December 15, 1806 — March 2, 1878) a Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson, a Quaker, founded Ashmun Institute in 1854, later named Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. They named it after Jehudi Ashmun, a religious leader and social reformer. They founded the school for the education of African Americans, who had few opportunities.

Dr. John Miller Dickey was the first president of the college (1854–1856). He encouraged some of his first students: James Ralston Amos (1826–1864), his brother Thomas Henry Amos (1825–1869), and Armistead Hutchinson Miller (1829/30-1865), to support the establishment of Liberia as a colony for African Americans. Each of the men became ordained ministers.

John Miller Dickey was born in Oxford, Pennsylvania and educated from Dickinson College (Carlisle College)- class of 1824.

Josh Dean (American football)

Josh Dean (born November 7, 1982) is an American football coach and former player. He is the head football coach coach at Lincoln University in Oxford, Pennsylvania, a position he has held since 2018. Dean served as the head football coach at Kentucky State University from 2013 to 2015. He played college football at San Diego State University before embarking on a professional football career. He was an offseason free agent signee for the Chicago Bears and played for one season for the Cologne Centurions of the NFL Europe in 2006.

Lincoln University (Pennsylvania)

Lincoln University (LU) is public historically black university (HBCU) in Oxford, Pennsylvania. Founded as a private university in 1854, it has been a public institution since 1972 and was the United States' first degree-granting HBCU. Its main campus is located on 422 acres near the town of Oxford in southern Chester County, Pennsylvania. The university has a second location in University City, Philadelphia. Lincoln University provides undergraduate and graduate coursework to approximately 2,000 students. The University is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund.

While a majority of Lincoln University students are African Americans, the university has a long history of accepting students of other races and nationalities. Women have received degrees since 1953 and made up 60% of undergraduate enrollment in 2015.

New Oxford, Pennsylvania

New Oxford is a borough in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,783 at the 2010 census.

Oxford High School

Oxford High School may refer to one of several secondary schools:

Oxford High School, Oxford, Oxfordshie, England

Oxford High School (Alabama) — Oxford, Alabama

Oxford High School (Connecticut) — Oxford, Connecticut

Oxford High School (Massachusetts) — Oxford, Massachusetts

Oxford High School (Michigan) — Oxford, Michigan

Oxford High School (Oxford, Mississippi) — Oxford, Mississippi

New Oxford High School — New Oxford, Pennsylvania

Oxford Historic District

Oxford Historic District may refer to:

(sorted by state, then city/town)

Oxford Historic District (Oxford, Georgia), listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in Newton County, Georgia

Oxford Commercial Historic District, Oxford, Iowa, listed on the NRHP in Johnson County, Iowa

Oxford Historic District (Georgetown, Kentucky), listed on the NRHP in Scott County, Kentucky

Oxford Historic District (Oxford, Maryland), listed on the NRHP in Talbot County, Maryland

Oxford Main Street Historic District, Oxford, MA, listed on the NRHP in Worcester County, Massachusetts

Oxford-Crown Extension District, Worcester, MA, listed on the NRHP in Worcester County, Massachusetts

Oxford-Crown Historic District, Worcester, MA, listed on the NRHP in Worcester County, Massachusetts

Oxford Industrial Historic District, Oxford, NJ, listed on the NRHP in Warren County, New Jersey

Oxford Village Historic District, Oxford, NY, listed on the NRHP in Chenango County, New York

Oxford Historic District (Oxford, North Carolina), listed on the NRHP in Granville County, North Carolina

Oxford Historic District (Oxford, Pennsylvania), listed on the NRHP in Chester County, Pennsylvania

Oxford Historic District (Oxford, Pennsylvania)

Oxford Historic District is a national historic district located in Oxford, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It encompasses 517 contributing buildings, 1 contributing sites, and 1 contributing structure in the central business district and surrounding residential areas of Oxford. They are mostly brick residential and commercial structures built between 1870 and 1910 and in a variety of popular architectural styles including Queen Anne and Italianate. Notable non-residential buildings include the Oxford Hall, Octoraro Hotel, Oxford Station (Borough Hall), Dickey Building, Masonic Building, Fulton Bank Building (1925), Gibson's Store (c. 1832), Orthodox Friends Meeting House, Methodist Church (1885), United Presbyterian Church (1893), and the Oxford Grain & Hay Company granary (1880). The Oxford Hotel is located in the district and listed separately.It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.

Oxford Hotel (Oxford, Pennsylvania)

Oxford Hotel is a historic hotel located in Oxford, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It is a four-story, brick structure in the Italianate style. The original hotel was built in 1853, and was a three-story, brick "L"-shaped structure with a steeply pitched gable roof. The building was later enlarged and modified in 1888, 1894, and 1924. The building has been converted to apartments.It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1994. It is located in the Oxford Historic District.

Ray Stata

Raymond Stuart Stata (born 1934) is an American entrepreneur, engineer and investor.

William A. Reynolds

William Ayres Reynolds (December 30, 1872 – August 10, 1928) was an American football player and coach of football and baseball. He played football at Princeton University and served as the head football coach at Rutgers University (1891), the University of Cincinnati (1896), the University of North Carolina (1897–1900), and the University of Georgia (1901–1902), compiling a career record of 44–23–8. Reynolds was also the head baseball coach at Cincinnati (1897), North Carolina (1898–1899) and Georgia (1902–1903), tallying a career mark of 36–19–2.

At North Carolina, as a football coach, he coached the Tar Heels to an undefeated season in 1897 (9–0) and had an overall record of 27–7–4 during his four seasons. As a baseball coach, Reynolds compiled a 21–5–1 record in two seasons at North Carolina.

Reynolds did not enjoy the same level of success at Georgia in either sport. As the Georgia football head coach, he compiled a record of just 5–7–3 during his two-year stay. As a baseball coach, Reynolds fared better, posting a 13–9–1 record over two seasons.

William S. Taylor (American football)

William S. Taylor was an American football coach. He served as the head football coach at Morgan State University in 1928, at Lincoln University in Oxford, Pennsylvania from 1929 to 1931, and at University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff from 1937 to 1940, compiling a career college football record of 37–29–8.

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