Overseas France (French: France d'outre-mer) consists of all the French-administered territories outside the European continent, mostly relics of the French colonial empire. These territories have varying legal status and different levels of autonomy, although all (except those with no permanent inhabitants) have representation in both France's National Assembly and Senate, which together make up the French Parliament. Their citizens have French nationality and vote for the president of France. They have the right to vote in elections to the European Parliament (French citizens living overseas currently vote in the Overseas constituency). Overseas France includes island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans, French Guiana on the South American continent, and several periantarctic islands as well as a claim in Antarctica.
Almost all inhabited French administrative divisions outside Europe are classified as either overseas regions or overseas collectivities; these statuses are very different from one another from a legal and administrative standpoint. Overseas regions have exactly the same status as mainland France's regions. The French constitution provides that, in general, French laws and regulations (France's civil code, penal code, administrative law, social laws, tax laws, etc.) apply to French overseas regions the same as in mainland France, but can be adapted as needed to suit the region's particular needs. Hence, the local administrations of French overseas regions cannot themselves pass new laws, whereas the overseas collectivities are empowered to make their own laws, except in certain areas reserved to the French national government (such as defense, international relations, trade and currency, and judicial and administrative law). The overseas collectivities are governed by local elected assemblies and by the French Parliament and French government, with a cabinet member, the Minister of Overseas France, in charge of issues related to the overseas territories. (New Caledonia is neither an overseas region nor an overseas collectivity; it has a sui generis status, in keeping with the Nouméa Accord.)
Overseas France covers a land area of 119,396 km2 (46,099 sq mi)[a] and accounts for 18.0% of the French Republic's land territory. It has an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 9,825,538 km2 (3,793,661 sq mi) and accounts for 96.7% of the EEZ of the French Republic (excluding the district of Adélie Land, part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, where the French sovereignty is effective de jure by French law, but where the French exclusive claim on this part of Antarctica is frozen by a mandatory international cooperation since the signing of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959).
Territory of the French Republic (red)
Overseas territories (circled)
Claimed territory (Adélie Land; hatched)
|Largest settlements||Nouméa (New Caledonia), Papeete (French Polynesia)|
|Languages||French, Antillean Creole, Guianan Creole, Reunionese Creole, Shimaore, Tahitian, Marquesan, 'Uvean, Futunan, Drehu, Nengone, Paicî, Ajië, Javanese, and 35 other native languages of New Caledonia|
|119,396[a] km2 (46,099 sq mi)|
|2,790,000 (Jan. 2018)|
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyy (AD)|
|The population of all five overseas departments totaled 2,169,000  in January 2018. The population of the overseas collectivities amounted to 621,000 inhabitants (Saint-Pierre and Miquelon , Saint-Barthélemy , Saint-Martin , French Polynesia , Wallis et Futuna , New Caledonia ). The total population of the overseas departments and territories of France is estimated at 2,790,000.|
The category of "overseas collectivity" (French: collectivité d'outre-mer or COM) was created by France's constitutional reform of March 28, 2003. Each overseas collectivity has its own statutory laws.
With 2,790,000 inhabitants in 2018, Overseas France accounts for 4.1% of the population of the French Republic. They enjoy a corresponding representation in the two chambers of the French Parliament.
Since September 2011, Overseas France is represented by 21 senators in the French Senate, accounting for 6.0% of the 348 senators in the Senate:
The 11 French overseas territories are:
|Flag[note 1]||Name||Capital||Population||Land area
(inh. per km2)
|83,534||3||Overseas department / region||South America|
|3,521||78||Overseas collectivity||South Pacific Ocean|
|1,628||240||Overseas department / region||Antilles|
|1,128||329||Overseas department / region||Antilles|
|374||693||Overseas department / region||Africa
|Voted on March 29, 2009 in favour of attaining overseas department / region status. That status became effective on March 31, 2011.|
Also claimed by Comoros
|18,575.5||15||Sui generis collectivity||South Pacific Ocean||Referendum for independence occurred on November 4, 2018 with 56.4% voting against and 43.6% voting in favor of independence from France.|
|2,504||346||Overseas department / region||Africa
|25||385||Overseas collectivity||Antilles||Detached from Guadeloupe on February 22, 2007.|
|53||673||Overseas collectivity||Antilles||Detached from Guadeloupe on February 22, 2007.|
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon||Saint-Pierre||6,021
|242||25||Overseas collectivity||Southeast of Canada|
|Wallis and Futuna||Mata-Utu||12,197
|142||86||Overseas collectivity||South Pacific Ocean|
(Lands generally uninhabited, except by researchers in scientific stations)
|Flag||Name||District||Scattered islands||Capital||Land area (km2)||Status||Location||Notes|
|Clipperton||–||–||–||2||French state private property||Oceania (West of Mexico)|
|French Southern and Antarctic Lands||Crozet Islands||–||–||340||TAAF district||South Indian Ocean|
|Kerguelen Islands||–||–||7,215||TAAF district||South Indian Ocean||population: 45 researchers in winter, 110 in summer|
|Saint-Paul Island and
|–||–||66||TAAF district||Indian Ocean|
|Adélie Land||–||–||432,000||TAAF district||Antarctica||Under terms of Antarctic Treaty System|
|Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean||Banc du Geyser||–||0||TAAF district||Africa
|Claimed by Madagascar and Comoros|
|Bassas da India||–||1||Africa
|Claimed by Madagascar|
|Claimed by Madagascar|
|Glorioso Islands||–||7||Indian Ocean||Claimed by Comoros and Madagascar|
|Juan de Nova||–||5||Africa
|Claimed by Madagascar|
|Tromelin Island||–||1||Indian Ocean||Claimed by Mauritius|
Ranked by population in the urban area:
However, voters in the two tiny French dependencies of Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin, which have been administratively attached to Guadeloupe, approved the referendum and are set to acquire the new status of "overseas collectivity".
On February 7 of this year, the French Parliament adopted the law granting Saint-Barthélemy the Statute of an Overseas Collectivity.
The Coupe de Guadeloupe is the top knockout tournament of the Guadeloupe football.Coupe de Guyane
The Coupe de Guyane is the top knockout tournament of the French Guiana football.Coupe de Mayotte
Coupe de Mayotte is the top division of the Ligue de Football de Mayotte and was created in 1977.Coupe de l'Outre-Mer
La Coupe de l'Outre-Mer de football (English: The Overseas Football Cup) was a biennial football competition that was created in 2008. It was designed to have the national football teams of the overseas departments and territories of France play against each other. This competition replaces the Coupe des Clubs Champions de l'Outre-Mer that involved clubs from the territories. The first edition took place between 24 September and 4 October 2008 in Île-de-France.
Although scheduled for a 2014 edition, the competition was dissolved in late 2013 after the Fédération Française de Football decided it was too expensive.Coupe de la Martinique
The Coupe de la Martinique is the top knockout tournament of Martinique football. It was created in 1953.French Southern and Antarctic Lands
The French Southern and Antarctic Lands (French: Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, TAAF) is an overseas territory (French: Territoire d'outre-mer or TOM) of France. It consists of:
Kerguelen Islands (Archipel des Kerguelen), a group of volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, southeast of Africa, approximately equidistant between Africa, Antarctica and Australia;
St. Paul and Amsterdam islands (Îles Saint Paul et Amsterdam), a group to the north of Kerguelen;
Crozet Islands (Îles Crozet), a group in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Madagascar;
Adélie Land (Terre Adélie), the French claim on the continent of Antarctica;
the Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses), a dispersed group of islands around the coast of Madagascar.The territory is sometimes referred to as the French Southern Lands (French: Terres australes françaises) or French Southern Territories, usually to emphasize non-recognition of French sovereignty over Adélie Land as part of the Antarctic Treaty system.
Approximately 150 (in the winter) to 310 (in the summer) persons live in the French Southern and Antarctic Lands but they are only military personnels, officials, scientific researchers and support staff. The territory has legally no permanent civilian population.On July 5, 2019, the French Austral Lands and Seas were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Ligue de Football de Saint Pierre et Miquelon
In Saint-Pierre and Miquelon there are three amateur clubs, playing only one level.Ligue des Antilles
Ligue des Antilles (or Antillean League) is a football cup tournament contested by teams from Guadeloupe and Martinique.List of Ministers of Overseas France
The following is a list of Ministers of the Overseas in France.
The position is currently held by Annick Girardin.Mayotte Division Honneur
Mayotte Division Honneur is the top division of the Ligue de Football de Mayotte, it was created in 1992.Metropolitan France
Metropolitan France (French: France métropolitaine or la Métropole), also known as European France or Mainland France, is the part of France in Europe. It comprises mainland France and Corsica, as well as other islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel (French: la Manche) and the Mediterranean Sea.
Overseas France (la France d'outre-mer, l'Outre-mer or colloquially les DOM-TOM) is the collective name for the part of France outside Europe: French overseas regions (départements et régions d'outre-mer or DROM), territories (territoires d'outre-mer or TOM), collectivities (collectivités d'outre-mer or COM) and the sui generis collectivity (collectivité sui generis) of New Caledonia. Metropolitan and Overseas France together form the French Republic. Metropolitan France accounts for 82.0% of the land territory, 3.3% of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ), and 95.9% of the French Republic's population.
The five overseas regions (departments)— French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Réunion, and Mayotte—have the same political status as metropolitan France's regions. Metropolitan France and these five overseas regions together are sometimes called la France entière ("the whole of France") by the French administration. But this France entière does not include the French overseas collectivities and territories that have more autonomy than do the overseas departments. In Overseas France, a person from metropolitan France is often called a métro, short for métropolitain.New Caledonia Super Ligue
New Caledonia Super Ligue is the top division of the Fédération Calédonienne de Football in New Caledonia. It is played as a double round robin between the top-4 clubs from the Division Honneur of Grande Terre and the champions of the Îles.Overseas territory (France)
The term overseas territory (French: Territoire d'outre-mer or TOM) is an administrative division of France and is currently only applied to the French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
The division differs from that of overseas departments (French: Département d'outre-mer or DOM), but because of some common peculiarities, DOMs, TOMs and other overseas possessions under other statuses are often referred to collectively as les DOM/TOM. Unlike the British Overseas Territories, which are not constitutionally part of the United Kingdom or its national territory, they are integral parts of the French Republic.Prostitution in Overseas France
Prostitution in Overseas France varies from area to area with regard to extent, law enforcement and legality.
Overseas France (French: France d'outre-mer) consists of all the French-administered territories outside the European continent. These territories have varying legal status and different levels of autonomy. Almost all inhabited French administrative divisions outside Europe are classified as either overseas regions or overseas collectivites. There is also one Overseas territory and two territories with Special status.Saint Barthélemy national football team
The Saint Barthélemy national football team is the official football team for Saint Barthélemy.Tahiti Ligue 1
The Tahitian Ligue 1 is the top division of the Fédération Tahitienne de Football in French Polynesia. The league is currently named Ligue 1 Vini for sponsorship reasons.Tahiti women's national football team
The Tahiti women's national football team represents French Polynesia in international women's football. The team is controlled by the Fédération Tahitienne de Football.Tahitian Football Federation
The Tahitian Football Federation (French: Fédération Tahitienne de Football) is the governing body of football in French Polynesia.Territorial Council of Saint Barthélemy
The Territorial Council of Saint Barthélemy (Conseil territorial de Saint-Barthélemy) is the consultative assembly for Saint Barthélemy. The legislature comprises 19 territorial councillors.