Outline of books
outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to books:
– set of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of ink, paper, parchment, or other materials, usually fastened together to hinge at one side.
Book What type of thing is a book?
A book is a medium for a collection of words and/or pictures to represent knowledge, often manifested in bound paper and ink, or in electronic format as
Books can be described as all of the following:
Types of books
Physical types of books not to be confused with
literary genres or types of literature.
Advance copy – a free promotional copy of a book given by a publisher to booksellers, librarians, journalists, or others, or as a contest or school prize, before the book is printed for mass distribution.
Alphabet book – a book primarily designed for young children representing letters of the alphabet with corresponding words and/or images.
Alternative formats – another version of a standard printed book such as audio, braille, electronic or large print versions
Audiobook – a recorded reading of a physical book
Autograph book – a book for collecting the autographs of others
Banned book – a book or other printed works which are prohibited by law or to which free access is not permitted by other means
Bestseller – a book that is included on a list of top-selling or frequently-borrowed titles
Blook – a printed book that contains or is based on content from a blog
Board book – a type of book printed on thick paperboard generally for children
Book-and-record set – a set consisting of a picture storybook and an accompanying recording
Book series – sequence of books that are formally identified together as a group
Booklet – a small book or group of pages
Boxed Set – a compilation of books packaged in a box, for sale as a single unit
Braille book – a book that is traditionally written with embossed paper for the blind or visually impaired
Chapter book – a story book intended for intermediate readers, generally age 7-10
Codex – a bound book constructed of a number of sheets of paper, vellum, papyrus, or similar materials
Coffee table book – an oversized, usually hard-covered book whose purpose is for display on a table
Coloring book – a book containing line art to which a reader may add color using crayons, colored pencils, marker pens, paint or other artistic media
Comic book – a book or magazine that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes
Comedia suelta – an individual printing of a play
Condolence book – a book in which people may record their condolences after a death or great tragedy.
Cookbook – a collection of recipes
Diary and Journals – a private collection of thoughts or feelings, remembrances including comments on current events in book format
Commonplace book – writing information into books in order to compile knowledge
Dream diary – a diary for recording dreams
Personal Diary – a record (originally in handwritten format) with discrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period
Scrapbook – is a method, an art for preserving, presenting, arranging personal and family history in the form of a book Travelogue or Travel Journal – is a record made by a traveller, sometimes in diary form, of the traveler's experiences, written during the course of the journey and later edited for publication
E-Book or Electronic Book is a book made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both readable onelectronic devices
Edited volume or collection – a collection of scholarly or scientific chapters written by different authors in book form
Exhibition catalogue – a book which is either a printed list of exhibits at an art exhibition or a directory of exhibitors at a trade fair or business-to-business event
Festival book – a book that commemorate a notable event such as a royal entry, coronation or wedding
First Edition a book from the first print run
Festschrift – a book honoring a respected person, especially an academic, and presented during his or her lifetime
Flip book – a book with a series of pictures that vary gradually from one page to the next, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, the pictures appear to animate by simulating motion or some other change
Hardcover – a book bound with rigid protective covers (typically of cardboard covered with buckram or other cloth, heavy paper, or occasionally leather) with a sewn spine.
Illuminated manuscript – a book in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders ( marginalia) and miniature illustrations
Incunable – an early printed book (before 1501)
Instant book – a book that has been produced and published very quickly to meet market demand
Interactive children's book – a subset of children's books that require participation and interaction by the reader
Large-print book – a book with large text for the visually impaired
Limited edition book – book that is released in a limited quantity print run
Liturgical book – a book published by the authority of a church, that contains the text and directions for the liturgy of its official religious services.
Magazine – a collection of written articles published on a schedule
Mapback – an early form of a paperback with a printed map on the back cover
Midlist – a book that is not a bestseller, but has strong enough sales to justify its publication
Miniature book – a very small book
Miscellany – a collection of various pieces of writing by different authors
Monograph – a book on a single subject or an aspect of a subject, usually by a single author
Networked book or Open book – a book that is written, edited, and read in a networked environment (such as Wikipedia)
Novelization – a book that adapts the story of a work created for another medium, such as a film, TV series, comic strip or video game
Online book – a book that is only available to be read on the Internet
Orihon – long rolls consisting of sheets of paper pasted together began to be folded alternately one way and the other to produce an effect like a concertina
Out-of-print book – a book no longer being actively published
Paperback – book characterized by a thick paper or paperboard cover, and often held together with glue rather than stitches or staples
Personalized book – a book that has been customized for someone, containing personalized text, customized illustrations, or variables, based on the characteristics of that person
Photobook – a book consisting mainly of photographs
Picture book – a book that combines visual and written text and often aimed at children
Pop-up book or Movable book – a three-dimensional book
Punch out book – a book printed on stiff card or cardboard usually comprising several pages of perforated, colorfully printed figures or shapes
Remaindered book –a liquidated book
Samut khoi – a folding-book manuscript
Scroll – a precursor to the book which is a roll of papyrus, parchment or paper containing writing
Song Book or Chansonnier – a book containing lyrics and notes for songs
Choirbook – a large format song book Table-book – printed book which is arranged so that all the parts of a piece of music can be read from it while seated around a table
Sticker album – a book in which a person sticks collectable stickers in designated sections
Tankōbon – Japanese term for a book that is a stand-alone story and not part of a series
Textbook – manual of instruction in any branch of study
Tie-in – a book based on a media property such as a film, video game, television series, board game, web site, role-playing game or literary property that serve as cross-promotion
Used book – a previously owned book
Volume (bibliography) – a single book that is part of a larger collection
Wallbook – large printed book that is designed also to be mounted on a wall Yearbook – a book that is published annually Physical parts of a book
Korean book-Jikji-Selected Teachings of Buddhist Sages and Seon Masters-1377]]
Book size – the dimensions of a book
Leaf – a single sheet, the left-hand page of which is the verso, and right-hand page is the recto
Page – one side of a leaf of paper.
Ink – a type of pigment used to write letters upon the pages of a book
Paper – a material that easily absorbs ink, made from ground plant cellulose. Parchment – a heavier alternative to paper, often made of reeds, cotton, or animal hide. Book cover – protective covering used to bind together the pages of a book.
Dust jacket – detachable outer cover, usually made of paper and printed with text and illustrations. This outer cover has folded flaps that hold it to the front and back book covers. Contents of a book Subject matter Structure of book content Book design – the common structural parts of a book include:
Front cover: hardbound or softcover (paperback); the spine is the binding that joins the front and rear covers where the pages hinge.
Front endpaper – the endpapers of a book are pages that consist of a double-size sheet folded, the front endpaper and the flyleaf. Flyleaf: The blank leaf or leaves following the front free
Front matter – the first section of a book
Frontispiece – a decorative illustration on the verso facing the title page
Title page – repeats the title and author as printed on the cover or spine.
Copyright page: – typically verso of title page: shows copyright owner/date, credits, edition/printing, cataloguing details
Table of contents – a list of the chapter headings and nested sub-headings with their respective page numbers
List of figures – often included in technical books, a list of drawings or depictions in the book
List of tables – often included in technical books, a list of data in rows and columns, or possibly in more complex structure.
Dedication – an inscription which is the expression of friendly connection or thanks by the author towards another person.
Acknowledgments – a place in the book where the author gives expression of gratitude for assistance in creating an original work. This may also be placed in Back Matter.
Foreword – a short piece of writing sometimes placed at the beginning of a book and typically written by someone other than the primary author.
Preface – a short introduction to a book written by the work's author. The preface usually describes how the book came into being and may contain thanks or acknowledgments. Introduction – the beginning section that states the purpose and the goals of the book Body – the main text or contents of the book, the pages often collected or folded into
signatures; the pages are usually numbered sequentially, and often divided into chapters.
Back matter – also known as end matter is the final section of the book it can contain a number of items
Epilogue – a piece of writing at the end of the a book which brings closure to the work.
Afterword – a piece of writing covering the story of how the book came into being
Appendix – supplemental addition to the given work that details information found in the body
Glossary – a set of definitions of words important to the work.
Index – a list of terms and references used in the text often with page numbers to where the terms can be found in the work.
Notes – a list of author comments or citations of a reference work, these may also be found within the main text at the bottom of a page.
Bibliography – a list of the works consulted when writing the body Colophon – a brief description with production notes relevant to the edition and may include a printer's mark or logotype. Flyleaf – The blank leaf or leaves (if any) preceding the
back free endpaper.
Rear endpaper – the endpapers of a book are pages that consist of a double-size sheet folded, the rear end or backend paper the first of which is a flyleaf. Back cover – the back cover of a book which usually contains biographical matter, a summary of the book as well as the ISBN and publisher's price for the book. Study of books
Bibliography – the academic study of books as physical and cultural objects.
Enumerative bibliography – the organized listing of books
Descriptive bibliography – description of books as physical objects
Analytical bibliography – examination of the physical features of book as artifact
List of bibliographies – list of bibliographies on Wikipedia
Literature – any single body of written works Media Studies—the discipline and field of study dealing with content, history and effects of various media including print. Book collections Library – any single body of written works
Digital library – library that houses digital resources
Library science – field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information technology, education and other areas to libraries.
List of libraries
Private Library – a library held by a private citizen Public lending libraries – a library that provides service to the general public
Research Library—a collection of materials on one more subjects Special Library – specialized library providing resources on a particular topic
Corporate Library– specialized library serving staff at business or corporation Federal Library – specialized library of a government
Law Library – specialized library devoted to law
Medical Library– specialized library focused on medical and health knowledge Museum Library – specialized library within a museum
Music Library– specialized library designed for the needs of musicians News Library – specialized library of news articles and news-related items
Performing Arts Library – specialized library focusing on performing arts including music, theatre, dance, film and recorded sound
Presidential Library – research library with the collection of a U.S. president's papers
Theological Library– specialized library devoted to the study of theology Transportation Library– specialized library devoted to transportation Book identification and classification Classification systems History of books History of books
History of writing – the development of expressing language by letters or other marks.
History of scrolls – the history of a roll of papyrus, parchment or paper containing writing.
History of the codex – the history of a book with handwritten content
History of printing – the history of the duplication of images
Woodblock printing (pre- 220 AD) – technique for printing text, images or patterns originating in China in antiquity.
Movable type (1040) – the system and technology of printing and typography using moveable components to reproduce elements of a document.
Printing press (1454) – a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting on a print medium such as paper or cloth, and thereby transferring ink.
Etching ( ca. 1500) – a method of printmaking using acid or mordant to cut into a metal surface to create a design in the metal.
Mezzotint (1642) – the system and technology of printing and typography using moveable components to reproduce elements of a document.
Aquatint (1768) – a variant of etching.
Lithography (1796) – method of printing using an image drawn with oil, fat or wax onto the surface of a lithographic limestone plate.
Chromolithography (1837) – a method for making multi-color prints.
Rotary press (1843) – a printing press in which images to be printed are curved around a cylinder.
Offset printing (1875) – a printing technique in which inked image is transferred from a plate to a rubber blanket and then to the printing surface.
Hectograph (19th century) – a printing process that involves transfer of an original to a pan of gelatin or gelatin pad pulled over a metal frame.
Hot metal typesetting (1886) –a typesetting method where molten-type metal is injected into a mold and the resulting slugs are used to press ink onto paper.
Screen printing (1907) – a printing technique where a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate. Digital press (1993) – method of printing from a digital-based image directly to a variety of media. Book production
Publishing – the dissemination of literature and making information available to the general public.
Writing – a medium of human communication representing language and emotion.
Author – the creator or originator of written work.
Editing – the process of selecting and preparing media used to convey information.
Graphic Design – process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography, and illustration.
Printing – process of reproducing text and images using a master form or template. Bookbinding – process of physically assembling a book of codex format from an ordered stack of paper sheets and bound together. Book distribution
Bookselling – the commercial trading of books
Libraries – a collection of sources of information and similar resources
Politics of books Book censorship – is when some authority, government or otherwise takes measures to prevent access to a book or to part of its contents.
Bibliophilia – the love of books and a bibliophile is an individual who loves and frequently reads books
Book discussion club – a group of people who meet to discuss a book or books that they have read
Book collecting – the collecting of books, including seeking, locating, acquiring, organizing, cataloging, displaying, storing and maintaining Book review – a form of literary criticism in which a book is analyzed based on content, style, and merit Countries and books Specific books Books by title Lists of books – list of book lists (bibliographies) on Wikipedia
Publications about books New York Review of Books – an American magazine containing lietary criticism, and discussions of the contents of various books.
 Persons influential in relation to books See also References
"Home". The New York Review of Books . Retrieved . 8 June 2012
^ Meggs, Philip B. A History of Graphic Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1998. (pp 130–133)
ISBN 0-471-29198-6 External links History of books Book
As a physical object, a book is a stack of usually rectangular pages (made of papyrus, parchment, vellum, or paper) oriented with one edge tied, sewn, or otherwise fixed together and then bound to the flexible spine of a protective cover of heavier, relatively inflexible material. The technical term for this physical arrangement is codex (in the plural, codices). In the history of hand-held physical supports for extended written compositions or records, the codex replaces its immediate predecessor, the scroll. A single sheet in a codex is a leaf, and each side of a leaf is a page.
As an intellectual object, a book is prototypically a composition of such great length that it takes a considerable investment of time to compose and a still considerable, though not so extensive, investment of time to read. This sense of book has a restricted and an unrestricted sense. In the restricted sense, a book is a self-sufficient section or part of a longer composition, a usage that reflects the fact that, in antiquity, long works had to be written on several scrolls, and each scroll had to be identified by the book it contained. So, for instance, each part of Aristotle's Physics is called a book, as of course the Bible encompasses many different books. In the unrestricted sense, a book is the compositional whole of which such sections, whether called books or chapters or parts, are parts.
The intellectual content in a physical book need not be a composition, nor even be called a book. Books can consist only of drawings, engravings, or photographs, or such things as crossword puzzles or cut-out dolls. In a physical book the pages can be left blank or can feature an abstract set of lines as support for on-going entries, i.e., an account book, an appointment book, a log book, an autograph book, a notebook, a diary or day book, or a sketch book. Some physical books are made with pages thick and sturdy enough to support other physical objects, like a scrapbook or photograph album. Books may be distributed in electronic form as e-books and other formats.
Although in ordinary academic parlance a monograph is understood to be a specialist academic work, rather than a reference work on a single scholarly subject, in library and information science monograph denotes more broadly any non-serial publication complete in one volume (book) or a finite number of volumes (even a novel like Proust's seven-volume In Search of Lost Time), in contrast to serial publications like a magazine, journal, or newspaper. An avid reader or collector of books or a book lover is a bibliophile or colloquially, "bookworm". A shop where books are bought and sold is a bookshop or bookstore. Books are also sold elsewhere. Books can also be borrowed from libraries. Google has estimated that as of 2010, approximately 130,000,000 distinct titles had been published. In some wealthier nations, the sale of printed books has decreased because of the use of e-books, though sales of e-books declined in the first half of 2015.
History of books
The history of books starts with the development of writing, and various other inventions such as paper and printing, and continues through to the modern day business of book printing. The earliest history of books actually predates what would conventionally be called "books" today and begins with tablets, scrolls, and sheets of papyrus. Then hand-bound, expensive, and elaborate books known as codices appeared. These gave way to press-printed volumes and eventually lead to the mass printed tomes prevalent today. Contemporary books may even have no physical presence with the advent of the e-book. The book also became more accessible to the disabled with the advent of Braille and spoken books.
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