Outline of Mali

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mali:

Malilandlocked sovereign country located in West Africa.[1] Mali is the seventh most extensive country in Africa, bordering Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west.

Consisting of eight regions, Mali's borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country's southern region, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's natural resources include gold, uranium, and salt. Due to a high incidence of poverty, Mali is considered to be one of the poorest nations in the world.

Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (from which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 19th century, Mali fell under French control, becoming part of French Sudan. Mali gained independence in 1959 with Senegal, as the Mali Federation in 1959. A year later, the Mali Federation became the independent nation of Mali in 1960. After a long period of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.

LocationMali
The location of Mali
Un-mali
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Mali

General reference

Mali Map
An enlargeable relief map of Mali

Geography of Mali

Mali Topography
An enlargeable topographic map of Mali

Geography of Mali

Location

 Mauritania 2,237 km
 Algeria 1,376 km
 Burkina Faso 1,000 km
 Guinea 858 km
 Niger 821 km
 Cote d'Ivoire 532 km
 Senegal 419 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Mali

Mali BMNG
An enlargeable satellite image of Mali

Environment of Mali

Natural geographic features of Mali

Regions of Mali

Ecoregions of Mali

List of ecoregions in Mali

Administrative divisions of Mali

Administrative divisions of Mali

Regions of Mali

Cercles of Mali

Arrondissements of Mali

Communes of Mali

Demography of Mali

Demographics of Mali

Government and politics of Mali

Politics of Mali

Branches of the government of Mali

Government of Mali

Executive branch of the government of Mali

Legislative branch of the government of Mali

Judicial branch of the government of Mali

Court system of Mali

Foreign relations of Mali

Foreign relations of Mali

International organization membership

The Republic of Mali is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Mali

Law of Mali

Military of Mali

Military of Mali

Local government in Mali

Local government in Mali

History of Mali

History of Mali

Culture of Mali

Culture of Mali

Art in Mali

Raccolte Extraeuropee - AFR 00005 Bassani - Maschera Bamana - Mali
The antelope figure, Mali, from the collection of Raccolte Extraeuropee, Milan.

Sports in Mali

Sports in Mali

Economy and infrastructure of Mali

Economy of Mali

Education in Mali

Education in Mali

Health in Mali

Health in Mali

See also

Mali

References

  1. ^ a b "Mali". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Mali

Mali

Mali ( (listen); French pronunciation: ​[mali]), officially the Republic of Mali (French: République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi). The population of Mali is 18 million. 67% of its population was estimated to be under the age of 25 in 2017. Its capital is Bamako. The sovereign state of Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara Desert, while the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economy centers on agriculture and mining. Some of Mali's prominent natural resources include gold, being the third largest producer of gold in the African continent, and salt.Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (for which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. During its golden age, there was a flourishing of mathematics, astronomy, literature, and art. At its peak in 1300, the Mali Empire covered an area about twice the size of modern-day France and stretched to the west coast of Africa. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a coup in 1991 led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.

In January 2012, an armed conflict broke out in northern Mali, in which Tuareg rebels took control of a territory in the north, and in April declared the secession of a new state, Azawad. The conflict was complicated by a military coup that took place in March and later fighting between Tuareg and rebels. In response to territorial gains, the French military launched Opération Serval in January 2013. A month later, Malian and French forces recaptured most of the north. Presidential elections were held on 28 July 2013, with a second-round run-off held on 11 August, and legislative elections were held on 24 November and 15 December 2013.

Wikipedia Outlines

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