Outline of China

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to China:

The People's Republic of China is the most extensive country in East Asia and the third or fourth most extensive country in the world.[1][note 1] With a population of over 1,300,000,000, it is the most populous country in the world.

The Communist Party of China (CPC) has led the PRC under a one-party system since the state's establishment in 1949. The PRC is involved in a dispute over the political status of Taiwan. The CPC's rival during the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang (KMT), fled to Taiwan and surrounding islands after its defeat in 1949, claiming legitimacy over China, Mongolia, and Tuva while it was the ruling power of the Republic of China (ROC). The term "Mainland China" is often used to denote the areas under PRC rule, but sometimes excludes its two Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau.

Because of its vast population, rapidly growing economy, and large research and development investments, China is considered an "emerging superpower".[2][3] It has the world's second largest economy (largest in terms of purchasing power parity.) China is also a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.[4][5][6][7] Since 1978, China's market-based economic reforms have brought the poverty rate down from 53% in 1981 to 8% by 2001.[8] However, China is now faced with a number of other socioeconomic problems, including an aging population, an increasing rural-urban income gap, and rapid environmental degradation.[9][10]

China plays a major role in international trade. The country is the world's largest consumer of steel and concrete, using, respectively, a third and over a half of the world's supply of each.[11] Counting all products, China is the largest exporter and the second largest importer in the world.[12][13]

People's Republic of China (orthographic projection)
China pol01
An enlargeable map of the People's Republic of China

General reference

China administrative
An enlargeable map of the administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China

Geography of China

East Asia topographic map
An enlargeable topographic map of People's Republic of China
 Mongolia 4,677 km
 Russia 3,645 km
 India (excluding the territorial border disputes; McMahon Line) 3,380 km
 Myanmar 2,185 km
 Kazakhstan 1,533 km
 North Korea 1,416 km
 Vietnam 1,281 km
   Nepal 1,236 km
 Kyrgyzstan 858 km
 Pakistan 523 km
 Bhutan 470 km
 Laos 423 km
 Tajikistan 414 km
 Afghanistan 76 km
  • Coastline: 14,500 km

Environment of China

China BMNG
An enlargeable satellite image of People's Republic of China

Natural geographic features of China

Regions of China

Administrative divisions of China

Demography of China

Government and politics of China

United front

Ruling party

Branches of government

Ultimate authority and Legislative branch

Administrative branch

Judicial branch

Procuratorial branch

Supervisory branch

Military branch

Foreign relations of China

International organization membership

The People's Republic of China is a member of:[1]

Law and order in China

Military of China

Local government in China

Local government in China

History of China

Culture of China

Art in China

Sports in China

Economy and infrastructure of China

Education in China

See also


  1. ^ Area rank is disputed with the United States and is either ranked third or fourth. See List of countries and outlying territories by area for more information.
  2. ^ China has the longest total land boundaries of any country.
  3. ^ China and Russia each border 14 countries, more than any other countries.
  4. ^ Article 93 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China places the authority to direct the armed forces of the PRC in the Central Military Commission. However, Article 80 gives the President of the People's Republic of China the power to proclaim martial law, proclaim a state of war, and issue mobilization orders. Since the mid-1990s, it has been standard practice to have the President, the CMC Chairman, and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China be the same person although the differences in the start of terms means that there is some overlap between an occupant and his predecessor.


  1. ^ a b "China". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 8, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ Gordon, Peter. "Review of "China: The Balance Sheet -- What the World Needs to Know Now About the Emerging Superpower"". The Asia Review of Books. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  3. ^ Miller, Lyman. "China an Emerging Superpower?". Stanford Journal of International Relations. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  4. ^ China Passes U.S. In Trade With Japan
  5. ^ Trade Policy Outlook for Second-term Bush Administration
  6. ^ China - Taiwan Economic Ties
  7. ^ Beijing's Growing Politico-Economic Leverage Over Ulaanbaatar
  8. ^ Fighting Poverty: Findings and Lessons from China’s Success (World Bank). Retrieved August 10, 2006.
  9. ^ Yardley, Jim (December 29, 2007). "Beijing's Olympic Quest: Turn Smoggy Sky Blue". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  10. ^ "China fails environment targets". BBC News. January 10, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  11. ^ Center for International Trade in Forest Products Archived 2008-06-24 at the Wayback Machine China’s Building Boom. Retrieved December 2, 2006,
  12. ^ The World Factbook, Rank Order - Imports.
  13. ^ "WTO: China overtakes US as second biggest exporter". Geneva: China Daily. 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2016-09-16.

External links

Wikimedia Atlas of China

Bankruptcy in China

The Enterprise Bankruptcy Law of the People's Republic of China (trial Implementation) was first passed in 1986. On 1 June 2007, the new Enterprise Bankruptcy Law of the PRC came into force. It contains 136 articles, almost 100 more than the 1986 law it replaced, and consequently it is thought to be more complete legally.

The Enterprise Bankruptcy Law of the PRC was adopted in August 27, 2006, and became effective since June 1, 2007.

Beijing Financial Street

Beijing Financial Street (BFS), or Beijing Jinrong Street (BJS) (Chinese: 北京金融街; pinyin: Běijīng Jīnróng Jiē), is where Chinese regulatory agencies are located. According to 13th 5 years plan, Beijing Financial Street will be positioned more towards a regulatory agencies' precinct. The street is located inside Beijing's innermost 2nd Ring Road.

One of the central bank's headquarters (the other being located in Shanghai Lujiazui Financial City), and three national regulatory commissions of the central government are located here. They are the People's Bank of China (PBOC), the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC), the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC).

Beijing Financial Street is being developed by Beijing Street Holding Company, Ltd. The architectural firm of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill; along with SWA landscape architects prepared the urban plan, landscape and the building design guidelines for Finance Street's Central Park District currently in construction with build-out scheduled for 2008. The building facilities are designed around interior courtyards, a design concept which typifies the ancient Hutong neighborhoods surrounding the Forbidden City.

Business process outsourcing in China

The business process outsourcing industry in China including IT and other outsourcing services for onshore and export markets surpassed 1 trillion yuan (about $145 billion) in 2016 according to the Ministry of Commerce (MOC).

Cement industry in China

The cement industry in China is the largest in the world, producing 2462 Mt in 2014, an annual increase of 2.6%

Central Plains Economic Zone

Central Plains Economic Zone or Zhongyuan Economic Zone(simplified Chinese: 中原经济区; traditional Chinese: 中原經濟區; pinyin: zhōngyuán Jīngjì Qū) is the proposed economic development zone for the economic region in Henan Province and radiating to the surrounding areas by the Henan government and the Chinese central government.

China-Africa Development Fund

The China-Africa Development Fund, more commonly known as CAD Fund, is a Chinese private equity fund solely funded by China Development Bank, a Chinese government policy bank. The aim of the fund is to stimulate investment in Africa by Chinese companies in power generation, transportation infrastructure, natural resources, manufacturing, and other sectors.

Electric motor manufacturing industry in China

China's electric motor industry has been developed for 60 years. Most manufacturers produce low power and small-size motors. Small motor manufacturers are mostly located in Zhejiang province, Fujian province, and Guangdong province. Only a few motor manufacturers produces high power and large-size motors, for example Wannan Motor.High power and large-size motors are often used in rolling mills, etc. In the last, ABB and Siemens large-size motors took a large market shares in China. However, ABB and Simens motor often have very high sale prices so that some rolling mills cannot afford. They need domestic large-size motors instead of ABB motors. Currently, those rolling mills can buy from domestic motor manufacturers which can produce such large-size motors.

List of exports of China

The following is a list of the exports of China.

Data is for 2012, in millions of United States dollars, as reported by The Observatory of Economic Complexity. Currently the top thirty exports are listed.

List of outlines of countries in Asia

This is a list of articles about the outlines of the countries in Asia. The transcontinental countries situated in both Asia and Europe are also shown.

Outline of Abkhazia

Outline of Afghanistan

Outline of Armenia

Outline of Azerbaijan

Outline of Bahrain

Outline of Bangladesh

Outline of Bhutan

Outline of Brunei

Outline of Burma

Outline of Cambodia

Outline of China

Outline of Cyprus

Outline of East Timor

Outline of Georgia

Outline of India

Outline of Indonesia

Outline of Iran

Outline of Iraq

Outline of Israel

Outline of Japan

Outline of Jordan

Outline of Kazakhstan

Outline of Kuwait

Outline of Kyrgyzstan

Outline of Laos

Outline of Lebanon

Outline of Malaysia

Outline of Maldives

Outline of Mongolia

Outline of Nepal

Outline of Northern Cyprus

Outline of North Korea

Outline of Oman

Outline of Pakistan

Outline of Palestine

Outline of the Philippines

Outline of Qatar

Outline of Russia

Outline of Saudi Arabia

Outline of Singapore

Outline of South Korea

Outline of South Ossetia

Outline of Sri Lanka

Outline of Syria

Outline of Taiwan

Outline of Tajikistan

Outline of Thailand

Outline of Turkey

Outline of Turkmenistan

Outline of the United Arab Emirates

Outline of Uzbekistan

Outline of Vietnam

Outline of Yemen

List of ports in China

China has 34 major ports and more than 2000 minor ports. The former are mostly sea ports (except for ports such as Shanghai, Nanjing and Nantong along the Yangtze and Guangzhou in the Pearl river delta) opening up to the Yellow sea (Bo Hai), Taiwan straits, Pearl river and South China Sea while the latter comprise ports that lie along the major and minor rivers of China. Most of China's major cities are also ports or are facilitated by a port nearby.

Rise of Central China Plan

The Rise of Central China Plan (simplified Chinese: 中部崛起计划; traditional Chinese: 中部崛起計劃; pinyin: Zhōngbù Juéqǐ Jìhuà) is a policy adopted by the People's Republic of China to accelerate the development of its central regions. It was announced by Premier Wen Jiabao on 5 March 2004. It covers six provinces: Shanxi, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, and Jiangxi.

SSE Composite Index

The SSE Composite Index also known as SSE Index is a stock market index of all stocks (A shares and B shares) that are traded at the Shanghai Stock Exchange.They are also SSE 180, SSE 50 and SSE Mega-Cap Indexes for top 180, 50 and 20 companies respectively.

SZSE Component Index

The SZSE Component Index is an index of 500 stocks that are traded at the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE). It is the main stock market index of SZSE.

Shanghai Metal Exchange

Shanghai Metal Exchange (SHME), one of the national level futures exchanges of China, was established on 28 May 1992. SHME is a non-profit, self-regulating corporation. The exchange was created for trading in non-ferrous metals and currently contracts for several non-ferrous metals including copper, aluminum, lead, zinc, tin, nickel.

SHME is located in the city of Shanghai and its geographical location bridges the time gap between London Metal Exchange and New York Mercantile Exchange markets, thus enabling traders across the world to have a 24-hour access to futures contracts of non-ferrous metals. SHME is currently the largest non-ferrous metals futures exchange in China and the third largest exchange of its kind in the world.

Silk industry in China

China is the world's largest silk producer. The vast majority of Chinese silk originates from the mulberry silkworms (Bombyx mori). During the larval stage of its life-cycle, the insects feeds on the leaves of mulberry trees. Non-mulberry silkworms cocoon production in China primarily focuses on wild silk from the Chinese Tussah moth (Antheraea spp.). This moth typically feeds on trees (e.g. oaks) and its larvae spin coarser, flatter, yellower filament than the mulberry silk moths.In 2005, China accounted for 74 percent of the global raw silk production and 90 percent of the world export market.

Software industry in China

The software industry in China is the business of developing and publishing software and related services in China. The size of the industry including software and information services in 2013 was worth 3060 billion RMB (about $493 billion) according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Top 500 Enterprises of China

The Top 500 Enterprises of China is a ranking of the top enterprises in the People's Republic of China created by the Chinese Federation of Enterprises (CFE). The top-ranking company in 2005 was China Petrochemical Corporation, also known as Sinopec.In 2006 the top 500 enterprises accounted for 78% of China's GDP. The top five were:


State Grid Corporation of China

China National Petroleum Corporation

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China

China MobileThe top five in 2007 were:


China National Petroleum Corporation

State Grid Corporation of China

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China

China Mobile

Youth Business China

Youth Business China (Chinese: 中国青年创业国际计划), abbreviated YBC, is a non-profit program in the People's Republic of China that aims to promote youth entrepreneurship. It is headquartered in Beijing.

Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange

Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE; Chinese: 郑州商品交易所), established in 1990, is a futures exchange in Zhengzhou, one of the four futures exchanges in China. The ZCE is under the vertical management of China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC).

Wikipedia Outlines


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