Osmaniye Province

Osmaniye Province (Turkish: Osmaniye ili) is a Turkish province located in southern Turkey. It existed as a province by the name Cebel-i Bereket (meaning "Fertile Mountain") in the early republic until 1933, when it was incorporated into Adana Province. It was made a province again in 1996. It covers an area of 3,767 km2 and has a population of 479,221 (2010 est). The province is situated in Çukurova, a geographical, economical and cultural region.

The capital of the province is Osmaniye (Population: 194,000). The next largest towns are Kadirli (Population: 83,618) and Düziçi (Population: 42,000).

Osmaniye Province

Osmaniye ili
Location of Osmaniye Province in Turkey
Location of Osmaniye Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionMediterranean
SubregionHatay
Government
 • Electoral districtOsmaniye
Area
 • Total3,767 km2 (1,454 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total534,415
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Area code(s)0328
Vehicle registration80

Districts

Osmaniye districts

Osmaniye province is divided into 7 districts (capital district in bold):

Historical sites and ruins

  • Karatepe - Aslantaş (Domuztepe-Pınarözü) - Kadirli/Düziçi
  • In 2018, ancient mosaics were discovered. One of the mosaics show a radish on it. It also has a human figure holding grapes and a partridge in his hand. In addition, it has Greek text. It is believed to date back to 1st century.[2]

Notable people

Festivals

  • Karakucak Wrestling Festival - Kadirli (25–26 May)

Gallery

HierapolisCastabalaBasilika

Ancient city of Hierapolis Castabala in Osmaniye

Osmaniye 01

A view from the city of Osmaniye

Osmaniye irrigation

Corn field and irrigation canal

See also

Çukurova

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Ancient mosaics discovered in southern Turkey

External links

Coordinates: 37°13′41″N 36°12′45″E / 37.22806°N 36.21250°E

Ala Mosque (Kadirli)

Ala Mosque (Turkish: Ala Camii) is a historical mosque in Kadirli, Osmaniye Province, Turkey.

Ala Mosque is in Kadirli ilçe (district) of Osmaniye Province. There is a Roman necropolis to the east of the mosque.It was a Byzantine church and monastery built in the 5th century. After the city was captured by Kasım Bey of Dulkadirids in 1489, it was converted into a mosque and a madrasa. It was initially named Alaüddevle Mescit after Kasım Bey's father Alaüddevle Bozkurt. Later, the name was shortened to "Ala". During the 19th century, Ala Mosque was used as an Ottoman Army depot, and after 1865 it was restored as a mosque. In 1924, during the Turkish Republic era, it was abandoned. Beginning by 2012, the building underwent a restoration.According to Richard Batliss, the dimensions of the original building was 33 m × 19.5 m (108 ft × 64 ft). A mimbar and a minaret were added during the Moslem era.

Aslantaş Dam

Aslantaş Dam (Turkish: Aslantaş Barajı) is an embankment dam on Ceyhan River in Osmaniye Province, southern Turkey, built between 1975 and 1984.

Aslantaş Dam is situated 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Adana. Built for irrigation, flood control and electricity generation purposes by the State Hydraulic Works (DSI), the dam is 95 m (312 ft) high and has a volume of 8.493 hm3 (11,108,425 cu yd) filled with rock. The dam creates a 49 km2 (19 sq mi) wide lake with 1,150 hm3 (4.1×1010 cu ft) capacity at normal water level. It irrigates an area of 149,849 ha (370,280 acres). It also supports a 138 MW power station, which generates 569 GWh electricity annually. According to some sources, the construction of the Aslantaş Dam resulted in involuntary resettlement of 60,000 people.

Partly on the western and eastern banks of the dam reservoir, the Karatepe-Aslantaş National Park is located. On a peninsula at the west bank, the hill Karatepe is situated inside the national park. Overlooking the dam reservoir, a walled settlement of the Neo-Hittites was discovered on Karatepe dating back to the 8th century BC. Following archaeological excavations between 1946 and 1952, the site was preserved as the Karatepe-Aslantaş Open-Air Museum in 1958. The Kumkale on Domuztepe, another settlement of the Neo-Hittites and a fortification built by the Crusaders , which is located about 2 km (1.2 mi) north of this site, was flooded by the dam reservoir.

Bahçe railway station

Bahçe station is a railway station in Turkey. It is located at 37°12′04″N 36°34′42″E in Bahçe ilçe (district) of Osmaniye Province.Main passenger in the station is Fırat Express (Adana-Elazığ train).

Bodrumkale

Bodrumkale is a castle ruin in Osmaniye Province, Turkey. It is situated on a hill at 37°10′39″N 36°11′15″E. Its distance to Osmaniye is about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi). The castle is to the northeast of the ancient city of Castabala. In medieval times it controlled the road from Central Anatolia to the Mediterranean coast. In 1987 an archaeological assessment and accurate plan were published. The castle is divided into two baileys or wards and has six towers. Most of its masonry was cut directly from the limestone outcrop and not plundered from the ancient city below. The lower level of the south tower functioned as a cistern.

It is dated to 13th century during the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. When the castle was captured by the Ramadanids in the next century, it was already abandoned.

Castabala (city)

Castabala (Greek: Καστάβαλα), also known as Hieropolis and Hierapolis (Greek: Ίεράπολις) was a city in Cilicia (modern southern Turkey), near the Ceyhan River (ancient Pyramus).

The Turkish town of Kırmıtlı, in the Osmaniye district of Osmaniye Province, sits atop the ruins of the ancient city.

Ceyhan River

The Ceyhan River (historically Pyramos or Pyramus (Greek: Πύραμος), Leucosyrus (Greek: Λευκόσυρος) or Jihun) is a river in Anatolia in the south of Turkey.

Kalecik Dam (Osmaniye)

Kalecik Dam (Osmaniye) is a dam in Osmaniye Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Karatepe

Not to be confused with Karatepe, Termez, Uzbekistan, where a Buddhist mural from 3rd century was found, nor Kara Tepe Refugee Camp in Greece.

Karatepe (Turkish for "Black Hill"; Hittite: Azatiwataya) is a late Hittite fortress and open-air museum in Osmaniye Province in southern Turkey lying at a distance of about 23 km from the district center of Kadirli. It is sited in the Taurus Mountains, on the right bank of the Ceyhan River. The site is contained within Karatepe-Aslantaş National Park.

Karatepe-Aslantaş National Park

Karatepe-Aslantaş National Park (Turkish: Karatepe-Aslantaş Milli Parkı), established in 1958, is a national park in southern Turkey. Situated on the banks of a dam reservoir, it contains an archaeological open-air museum.

Karatepe-Aslantaş Open-Air Museum

Karatepe-Aslantaş Open-Air Museum (Turkish: Karatepe-Aslantaş Açık Hava Müzesi) is an open-air museum in Osmaniye Province, Turkey. Karatepe ("black hill") is the location while Aslantaş ("lion stone") refers to the lion figure on stone sculptures. The site is situated inside a nationalpark with the same name.

List of populated places in Osmaniye Province

Below is the list of populated places in Osmaniye Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Mehmetli Dam

Mehmetli Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Moumoustra

Moumoustra was a town of ancient Cilicia, inhabited during Byzantine times.Its site is located near Mecidiye in Asiatic Turkey.

Osmaniye

Osmaniye (pronounced [osˈmaːnije]) is a city in the Çukurova region of Turkey, the capital of Osmaniye Province. Area 3,767 km². Population of Osmaniye city: 219,339. Osmaniye Province: 512,804 (2014). Osmaniye is at an elevation of 125 meters (410.1 feet).

Located on the eastern edge of the Çukurova plain in the foothills of the Nur Mountains, the gateway between Anatolia and the Middle East, Osmaniye is on the Silk Road, a place of strategic importance and has been a settlement for various civilizations including the Hittites, Persians and Romans.

The Islamic presence in the area was first established by the Abbasid Caliph Harun Rashid, auxiliaries in his army being the first Turks to fight in Anatolia. They obviously took a shine to the place and following the Turkish victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071 waves of Turkish conquest began. The Nur Mountains were settled by the Ulaşlı tribe of the Turkmens.

The Ulaşlı remained the local power through into the period of the Ottoman Empire and were even involved in the Celali uprisings, during a period of uncertain Ottoman rule in the 17th century. Eventually, in 1865 the Ottoman general Derviş Paşa was charged with bringing law and order to Çukurova. He established his headquarters in the Osmaniye villages of Dereobası, Fakıuşağı, Akyar and brought the Ulaşlı down from the high mountains to the village of Hacıosmanlı. This eventually became the province of Osmaniye. The city of Osmaniye was formally a district governorate and between 1924 and 1933 capital of the province. However, in 1933 the province was abolished and Osmaniye was made the district governorate of Adana province which continued till 1996.

Osmaniye (electoral district)

Osmaniye is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects 4 members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Osmaniye City Museum

Osmaniye City Museum (Turkish: Osmaniye Kent Müzesi) is a museum in Osmaniye, Turkey. It is in Osmaniye at 37°04′23″N 36°14′49″E on Karaoğlan Street.

Two lion sculptures at the entrance, represent the Hittite dominance in the antiquity. The octangular star in the floor represents Seljuks' dominance in the Medieval Age and the double-headed eagle figure represents the Turkic dominance.

In the main market (arasta) of the museum almost forgotten professions in Osmanye are displayed by wax sculptures; these are spoon making, saddle making, carpet weaving, tailoring, forging jewellery and horseshoeing. The tools used in these professions, the carpets and the natural dyes used in carpet weaving are also displayed.

According to the mayor of Osmaniye 600 items are displayed. A room is reserved for the occupation of Osmaniye following the World War I by the French Army.Two figures of the Turkish resistance, namely Palalı Süleyman and Rahim Hatun are visualized.

Sarvandikar

Sarvandikar (Armenian: Սարվանդիքար), also spelled Sarvanda k'ar (Turkish: Savranda). It was the Frankish castle of Savranda and is officially known today as Savranda Kalesi. The site is a medieval castle in the former Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, located in Turkey's Osmaniye Province approximately 115 kilometers east of Adana.

State road D.400 (Turkey)

D-400 is an east–west state road in southern Turkey. The 2,057-kilometre (1,278 mi) road starts at Datça in the southwest corner of the Anatolian peninsula. The road ends at the Iranian border at Esendere.

D-400 runs through the cities of Marmaris, Fethiye, Antalya, Alanya, Mersin, Adana, Gaziantep, Şanlıurfa, and Hakkâri and links to Road 16 in Iran. Between Nizip and Cizre, D-400 is part of the European route E90.

Taşoluk Tunnel

The Taşoluk Tunnel (Turkish: Taşoluk Tüneli), is a motorway tunnel constructed on the Adana–Şanlıurfa motorway O-52 E90 in Osmaniye Province, southern Turkey.

It is situated on the Taurus Mountains near Burgaçlı village of Bahçe, Osmaniye. The 376 and 376 m (1,234 and 1,234 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying three lanes of traffic in each direction. The tunnel was constructed by Tekfen in New Austrian Tunnelling method (NATM).

Osmaniye Province of Turkey
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