Oscar Robertson

Oscar Palmer Robertson (born November 24, 1938), nicknamed "The Big O", is an American retired professional basketball player who played for the Cincinnati Royals and Milwaukee Bucks.[1] The 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m), 205 lb (93 kg)[2] Robertson played point guard and was a 12-time All-Star, 11-time member of the All-NBA Team, and one-time winner of the MVP award in 14 seasons. In 1962, he became the first player in NBA history to average a triple-double for a season.[3] In the 1970–71 NBA season, he was a key player on the team that brought the Bucks their only NBA title. His playing career, especially during high school and college, was plagued by racism.[3]

Robertson is a two-time Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame inductee, having been inducted in 1980 for his individual career, and in 2010 as a member of the 1960 United States men's Olympic basketball team and president of the National Basketball Players Association. He also was voted one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996.[4] The United States Basketball Writers Association renamed their College Player of the Year Award the Oscar Robertson Trophy in his honor in 1998, and he was one of five people chosen to represent the inaugural National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame class in 2006.[5] He was ranked as the 36th best American athlete of the 20th century by ESPN.[6][7]

Robertson was also an integral part of Robertson v. National Basketball Ass'n of 1970.[8] The landmark NBA antitrust suit, named after the then-president of the NBA Players' Association, led to an extensive reform of the league's strict free agency and draft rules and, subsequently, to higher salaries for all players.[3]

Oscar Robertson
Oscar Robertson 1960.jpeg
Robertson in the 1960s as a member of the Cincinnati Royals
Personal information
BornNovember 24, 1938 (age 80)
Charlotte, Tennessee
NationalityAmerican
Listed height6 ft 5 in (1.96 m)
Listed weight205 lb (93 kg)
Career information
High schoolCrispus Attucks
(Indianapolis, Indiana)
CollegeCincinnati (1957–1960)
NBA draft1960 / Pick: Territorial
Selected by the Cincinnati Royals
Playing career1960–1974
PositionPoint guard
Number14, 1
Career history
19601970Cincinnati Royals
19701974Milwaukee Bucks
Career highlights and awards
Career NBA statistics
Points26,710 (25.7 ppg)
Rebounds7,804 (7.5 rpg)
Assists9,887 (9.5 apg)
Stats at Basketball-Reference.com
Basketball Hall of Fame as player
FIBA Hall of Fame as player
College Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2006

Early years

Robertson was born in poverty in Charlotte, Tennessee, and grew up in a segregated housing project in Indianapolis. In contrast to many other boys who preferred to play baseball, he was drawn to basketball because it was "a poor kids' game". Because his family could not afford to buy a basketball, he learned how to shoot by tossing tennis balls and rags bound with rubber bands into a peach basket behind his family's home.[3] Robertson attended Crispus Attucks High School, an all-black high school.

Crispus Attucks High School

At Crispus Attucks, Robertson was coached by Ray Crowe, whose emphasis on a fundamentally sound game had a positive effect on Robertson's style of play. As a sophomore in 1954, he starred on an Attucks team that lost in the semi-state finals (state quarterfinals) to eventual state champions Milan, whose story would later be the basis of the classic 1986 movie Hoosiers. When Robertson was a junior, Crispus Attucks dominated its opposition, going 31–1 and winning the 1955 state championship, the first for any all-black school in the nation. The following year the team finished with a perfect 31–0 record and won a second straight Indiana state title, becoming the first team in Indiana to secure a perfect season and compiling a state-record 45 straight victories. The state championships were also the first ever by an Indianapolis team in the Hoosier tourney. After their championship game wins, the team was paraded through town in a regular tradition, but they were then taken to a park outside downtown to continue their celebration, unlike other teams. Robertson stated, "[Officials] thought the blacks were going to tear the town up, and they thought the whites wouldn't like it."[9] Robertson scored 24.0 points per game in his senior season and was named Indiana "Mr. Basketball" in 1956.[3] After his graduation that year, Robertson enrolled at the University of Cincinnati.

University of Cincinnati (1957–1960)

Robertson continued to excel while at the University of Cincinnati, recording an incredible scoring average of 33.8 points per game, the third highest in college history. In each of his three years, he won the national scoring title, was named an All-American, and was chosen College Player of the Year, while setting 14 NCAA and 19 school records.[4]

Robertson's stellar play led the Bearcats to a 79–9 overall record during his three varsity seasons, including two Final Four appearances. However, a championship eluded Robertson, something that would become a repeated occurrence until late in his professional career. When Robertson left college he was the all-time leading NCAA scorer until fellow Hall of Fame player Pete Maravich topped him in 1970.[3] Robertson took Cincinnati to national prominence during his time there, but the university's greatest success in basketball took place immediately after his departure, when the team won national titles in 1961, 1962, and just missed a third title in 1963.

He continues to stand atop the Bearcats' record book. The many records he still holds include: points in one game, 62 (one of his six games of 50 points or more); career triple-doubles, 10; career rebounds per game, 15.2; and career points, 2,973.[10]

Robertson had many outstanding individual game performances, including 10 triple-doubles. His personal best might have been his line of 45 points, 23 rebounds and 10 assists vs. Indiana State in 1959.

Despite his success on the court, Robertson's college career was soured by racism. In those days, southern university programs such as those of Kentucky, Duke, and North Carolina did not recruit black athletes, and road trips to segregated cities were especially difficult, with Robertson often sleeping in college dorms instead of hotels. "I'll never forgive them", he told The Indianapolis Star years later.[3] Decades after his college days, Robertson's stellar NCAA career was rewarded by the United States Basketball Writers Association when, in 1998, they renamed the trophy awarded to the NCAA Division I Player of the Year the Oscar Robertson Trophy. This honor brought the award full circle for Robertson since he had won the first two awards ever presented.[11]

1960 Olympics

After college, Robertson and Jerry West co-captained the U.S. basketball team at the 1960 Summer Olympics. The team, described as the greatest assemblage of amateur basketball talent ever, steamrollered the competition to win the gold medal. Robertson was a starting forward along with Purdue's Terry Dischinger, but played point guard as well. He was the co-leading scorer with fellow NBA legend Jerry Lucas, as the U.S. team won its nine games by a margin of 42.4 points. Ten of the twelve college players on the American squad later played in the NBA, including Robertson as well as future Hall-of-Famers West, Lucas, and Walt Bellamy.[12]

Professional career

Cincinnati Royals

Oscar Robertson 1960s.jpeg
Robertson during his days with the Cincinnati Royals

Prior to the 1960–61 NBA season, Robertson made himself eligible for the 1960 NBA draft. He was drafted by the Cincinnati Royals as a territorial pick. The Royals gave Robertson a $33,000 signing bonus, a far cry from his childhood days when he was too poor to afford a basketball.[3] In his rookie season, Robertson averaged 30.5 points, 10.1 rebounds and 9.7 assists (leading the league), almost averaging a triple-double for the entire season. He was named NBA Rookie of the Year, was elected into the All-NBA First Team – which would happen in each of Robertson's first nine seasons – and made the first of 12 consecutive All-Star Game appearances.[1] In addition, he was named the 1961 NBA All-Star Game MVP following his 23-point, 14-assist, 9-rebound performance in a West victory. However, the Royals finished with a 33–46 record and stayed in the cellar of the Western Division.

In the 1961–62 season, Robertson became the first player in NBA history to average a triple-double for an entire season, with 30.8 points, 12.5 rebounds and 11.4 assists.[1] Robertson also set a then-NBA record for the most triple-doubles during the regular season with 41 triple-doubles; the record would stand for over half a century when, in 2016–17, Russell Westbrook recorded 42 and joined Robertson as the only other player to average a triple-double for an entire season. He broke the assists record by Bob Cousy, who had recorded 715 assists two seasons earlier, by logging 899. The Royals earned a playoff berth; however, they were eliminated in the first round by the Detroit Pistons.[13] In the next season, Robertson further established himself as one of the greatest players of his generation, averaging 28.3 points, 10.4 rebounds and 9.5 assists, narrowly missing out on another triple-double season.[1] The Royals advanced to the Eastern Division Finals, but succumbed in a seven-game series against a Boston Celtics team led by Bill Russell.[14]

In the 1963–64 season, the Royals achieved a 55–25 record,[15] which put them second place in the Eastern Division. Under new coach Jack McMahon, Robertson flourished, and for the first time in his career, he had a decent supporting cast: second scoring option Jack Twyman was now supplemented by Jerry Lucas and Wayne Embry, and fellow guard Adrian Smith helped Robertson in the backcourt. Robertson led the NBA in free-throw percentage, scored a career-high 31.4 points per game, and averaged 9.9 rebounds and 11.0 assists per game.[1] The averages for his first five NBA seasons are a triple-double: 30.3 points, 10.4 rebounds and 10.6 assists per game. He won the NBA MVP award and became the only player other than Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain to win it from 1960 to 1968.[3] Robertson also won his second All-Star Game MVP award that year after scoring 26 points, grabbing 14 rebounds, and dishing off 8 assists in an East victory. In the postseason, the Royals defeated the Philadelphia 76ers, but then were dominated by the Celtics 4 games to 1.[3]

Robertson averaged a triple-double over his first five seasons in the NBA with the Royals, recording averages of 30.3 points, 10.4 rebounds, and 10.6 assists per game in 451 contest. From the 1964–65 season on, things began to turn sour for the franchise. Despite Robertson's stellar play, never failing to record averages of at least 24.7 points, 6.0 rebounds and 8.1 assists in the six following seasons,[1] the Royals were eliminated in the first round from 1965 to 1967, then missed the playoffs from 1968 to 1970. In the 1969–70 season, the sixth disappointing season in a row, fan support was waning. To help attract the public, 41-year-old head coach Bob Cousy made a short comeback as a player. For seven games, the former Celtics point guard partnered with Robertson in the Royals' backcourt, but they missed the playoffs.[3]

Milwaukee Bucks and the 'Oscar Robertson suit'

Oscar Robertson Bucks.jpeg
Robertson as a member of the Milwaukee Bucks

Prior to the 1970–71 season, the Royals stunned the basketball world by trading Robertson to the Bucks for Flynn Robinson and Charlie Paulk. No reasons were officially given, but many pundits suspected head coach Bob Cousy was jealous of all the attention Robertson was getting.[3] Robertson himself said: "I think he was wrong and I will never forget it."[3] The relationship between Oscar and the Royals had soured to the point that Cincinnati had also approached the Lakers and Knicks about deals involving their star player (the Knicks players who were discussed in those scenarios are unknown, but Los Angeles stated publicly that the Royals asked about Jerry West and Wilt Chamberlain, with the Lakers saying they would not consider trading either star).

However, the trade proved highly beneficial for Robertson. After being stuck with an under-performing team the last six years, he now was paired with the young Lew Alcindor, who would years later become the all-time NBA scoring leader as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. With Alcindor in the low post and Robertson running the backcourt, the Bucks charged to a league-best 66–16 record, including a then-record 20-game win streak, a dominating 12–2 record in the playoffs, and crowned their season with the NBA title by sweeping the Baltimore Bullets 4–0 in the 1971 NBA Finals. For the first time in his career, Robertson had won an NBA championship.[3]

From a historical perspective, however, Robertson's most important contribution was made not on a basketball court, but rather in a court of law. It was the year of the landmark Robertson v. National Basketball Ass'n, an antitrust suit filed by the NBA's Players Association against the league. As Robertson was the president of the Players Association, the case bore his name. In this suit, the proposed merger between the NBA and American Basketball Association was delayed until 1976, and the college draft as well as the free agency clauses were reformed.[3] Robertson himself stated that the main reason was that clubs basically owned their players: players were forbidden to talk to other clubs once their contract was up, because free agency did not exist until 1988.[16] Six years after the suit was filed, the NBA finally reached a settlement, the ABA–NBA merger took place, and the Oscar Robertson suit encouraged signing of more free agents and eventually led to higher salaries for all players.[3]

On the hardwood, the veteran Robertson still proved he was a valuable player. Paired with Abdul-Jabbar, two more division titles with the Bucks followed in the 1971–72 and 1972–73 season. In Robertson's last season, he helped lead Milwaukee to a league-best 59–23 record and helped them to reach the 1974 NBA Finals. There, Robertson had the chance to end his stellar career with a second ring. The Bucks were matched up against a Boston Celtics team powered by an inspired Dave Cowens, and the Bucks lost in seven games.[3] As a testament to Robertson's importance to the Bucks, in the season following his retirement the Bucks fell to last place in their division with a 38–44 record in spite of the continued presence of Abdul-Jabbar.[17]

Robertson was elected to the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame in 1995.

Post-NBA career

O-Train
Robertson in 2010

After he retired as an active player, Robertson stayed involved in efforts to improve living conditions in his native Indianapolis, especially concerning fellow African-Americans.[3] In addition, he worked as a color commentator with Brent Musburger on games televised by CBS during the 1974–75 NBA season.[18] His trademark expression was "Oh, Brent, did you see that!" in reaction to flashy or spectacular situations such as fast breaks, slam dunks, player collisions, etc.

After his retirement, the Kansas City Kings (the Royals moved there while Robertson was with the Bucks) retired his #14; the retirement continues to be honored by the Kings in their current home of Sacramento. The Bucks also retired the #1 he wore in Milwaukee.

In 1994, a nine-foot bronze statue of Robertson was erected outside the Fifth Third Arena at Shoemaker Center, the current home of Cincinnati Bearcats basketball.[4] Robertson attends many of the games there, viewing the Bearcats from a chair at courtside. In 2006, the statue was relocated to the entrance of the Richard E. Lindner Athletics Center at the University of Cincinnati.[19]

Starting in 2000, Robertson served as a director for Countrywide Financial Corporation, until the company's sale to Bank of America in 2008.[20]

After many years out of the spotlight, Robertson was recognized on November 17, 2006 for his impact on college basketball when he was chosen to be a member of the founding class of the National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame. He was one of five people, along with John Wooden, Bill Russell, Dean Smith and Dr. James Naismith, selected to represent the inaugural class.[5]

In July 2004, Robertson was named interim head coach of the Cincinnati Bearcats men's basketball team for approximately a month while head coach Bob Huggins served a suspension stemming from a drunk-driving conviction.[21]

In January 2011, Robertson joined a class action lawsuit against the NCAA, challenging the organization's use of the images of its former student athletes.[22]

In 2015, Robertson was among a group of investors who placed a marijuana legalization initiative on the Ohio ballot.[23] The initiative sought exclusive grow rights for the group members while prohibiting all other cultivation except small amounts for personal use.[24] Robertson appeared in a television advertisement advocating for passage of the initiative,[25] but it was ultimately defeated.[26]

Legacy

Robertson is regarded as one of the greatest players in NBA history, a triple threat who could score inside, outside and also was a stellar playmaker. His rookie scoring average of 30.5 points per game is the third highest of any rookie in NBA history, and Robertson averaged more than 30 points per game in six of his first seven seasons.[1] Only three other players in the NBA have had more 30+ point per game seasons in their career. Robertson was the first player to average more than 10 assists per game, doing so at a time when the criteria for assists were more stringent than today.[3] Furthermore, Robertson is the first guard in NBA history to ever average more than 10 rebounds per game, doing so three times. It was a feat that would not be repeated until Russell Westbrook managed to achieve it during the 2016–17 season. In addition to his 1964 regular season MVP award, Robertson won three All-Star Game MVPs in his career (in 1961, 1964, and 1969). He ended his career with 26,710 points (25.7 per game, ninth-highest all time), 9,887 assists (9.5 per game) and 7,804 rebounds (7.5 per game).[1] He led the league in assists six times, and at the time of his retirement, he was the NBA's all-time leader in career assists and free throws made, and was the second all-time leading scorer behind Wilt Chamberlain.[3]

Robertson also set yardsticks in versatility. If his first five NBA seasons are strung together, Robertson averaged a triple-double over those, averaging 30.3 points, 10.4 rebounds and 10.6 assists.[27] For his career, Robertson had 181 triple-doubles, a record that has never been approached.[28] These numbers are even more astonishing if it is taken into account that the three-point shot, which benefits sharpshooting backcourt players, did not exist when he played. In 1967–68, Robertson also became the first of only two players in NBA history to lead the league in both scoring average and assists per game in the same season (also achieved by Nate Archibald). The official scoring and assist titles went to other players that season, however, because the NBA based the titles on point and assist totals (not averages) prior to the 1969–70 season. Robertson did, however, win a total of six NBA assist titles during his career. For his career, Robertson shot a high .485 field goal average and led the league in free-throw percentage twice—in the 1963–64 and 1967–68 seasons.[1]

Robertson is recognized by the NBA as the first legitimate "big guard", paving the way for other oversized backcourt players like Magic Johnson.[3] Furthermore, he is also credited with having invented the head fake and the fadeaway jump shot, a shot which Michael Jordan later became famous for.[29] For the Cincinnati Royals, now relocated and named the Sacramento Kings, he scored 22,009 points and 7,731 assists, and is all-time leader in both statistics for the combined Royals/Kings teams.[3]

Oscar Robertson
Robertson at the ceremony announcing inclusion in the Old National Bank Sports Legends Avenue of Champions, at The Children's Museum of Indianapolis.

Robertson was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame on April 28, 1980. He received the "Player of the Century" award by the National Association of Basketball Coaches in 2000 and was ranked third on SLAM Magazine's Top 75 NBA Players in 2003, behind fellow NBA legends Michael Jordan and Wilt Chamberlain. Furthermore, in 2006, ESPN named Robertson the second greatest point guard of all time, praising him as the best post-up guard of all time and placing him only behind Los Angeles Lakers legend Magic Johnson.[27] In 2017, it was announced that a life-sized bronze sculpture of Robertson would be featured alongside other Indiana sports stars at The Children's Museum of Indianapolis' Old National Bank Sports Legends Avenue of Champions, located in the museum's sports park opening in 2018.[30]

In 1959, the Player of the Year Award was established to recognize the best college basketball player of the year by the United States Basketball Writers Association. Five nominees are presented and the individual with the most votes receives the award during the NCAA Final Four. In 1998, it was renamed the Oscar Robertson Trophy in honor of the player who won the first two awards because of his outstanding career and his continuing efforts to promote the game of basketball. In 2004, an 18" bronze statue of Robertson was sculpted by world-renowned sculptor Harry Weber.[11]

NBA career statistics

Legend
  GP Games played  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field-goal percentage  FT%  Free-throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game
 PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high
Denotes seasons in which Robertson won an NBA championship
* Led the league

Regular season

Year Team GP MPG FG% FT% RPG APG PPG
1960–61 Cincinnati 71 42.7 .473 .822 10.1 9.7* 30.5
1961–62 Cincinnati 79 44.3 .478 .803 12.5 11.4* 30.8
1962–63 Cincinnati 80* 44.0 .518 .810 10.4 9.5 28.3
1963–64 Cincinnati 79 45.1 .483 .853* 9.9 11.0* 31.4
1964–65 Cincinnati 75 45.6* .480 .839 9.0 11.5* 30.4
1965–66 Cincinnati 76 46.0 .475 .842 7.7 11.1* 31.3
1966–67 Cincinnati 79 43.9 .493 .873 6.2 10.7 30.5
1967–68 Cincinnati 65 42.5 .500 .873* 6.0 9.7* 29.2*
1968–69 Cincinnati 79 43.8 .486 .838 6.4 9.8* 24.7
1969–70 Cincinnati 69 41.5 .511 .809 6.1 8.1 25.3
1970–71 Milwaukee 81 39.4 .496 .850 5.7 8.2 19.4
1971–72 Milwaukee 64 37.3 .472 .836 5.0 7.7 17.4
1972–73 Milwaukee 73 37.5 .454 .847 4.9 7.5 15.5
1973–74 Milwaukee 70 35.4 .438 .835 4.0 6.4 12.7
Career 1040 42.2 .485 .838 7.5 9.5 25.7

Playoffs

Year Team GP MPG FG% FT% RPG APG PPG
1962 Cincinnati 4 46.3 .519 .795 11.0 11.0 28.8
1963 Cincinnati 12 47.5 .470 .864 13.0 9.0 31.8
1964 Cincinnati 10 47.1 .455 .858 8.9 8.4 29.3
1965 Cincinnati 4 48.8 .427 .923 4.8 12.0 28.0
1966 Cincinnati 5 44.8 .408 .897 7.6 7.8 31.8
1967 Cincinnati 4 45.8 .516 .892 4.0 11.3 24.8
1971 Milwaukee 14 37.1 .486 .754 5.0 8.9 18.3
1972 Milwaukee 11 34.5 .407 .833 5.8 7.5 13.1
1973 Milwaukee 6 42.7 .500 .912 4.7 7.5 21.2
1974 Milwaukee 16 43.1 .450 .846 3.4 9.3 14.0
Career 86 42.7 .460 .855 6.7 8.9 22.2

Career highs

Oscar Robertson 1966.jpeg
Robertson in 1966

40 point games

77 times in the regular season

Top assist games

Assists Opponent Home/Away Date
22 Syracuse Nationals Home October 29, 1961
22 (OT) New York Knicks Home March 5, 1966
21 New York Knicks Home February 14, 1964
20 Los Angeles Lakers Home February 19, 1961
20 Chicago Packers Neutral December 11, 1961
20 San Francisco Warriors Home December 28, 1964
20 New York Knicks Neutral February 28, 1965
20 Phoenix Suns Away March 4, 1969
19 St. Louis Hawks Home December 8, 1961
19 Philadelphia Warriors Home January 11, 1962
19 Chicago Zephyrs Neutral December 13, 1962
19 San Francisco Warriors Home January 4, 1963
19 Baltimore Bullets Home January 5, 1964
19 Detroit Pistons Neutral December 1, 1964
19 Baltimore Bullets Home March 18, 1965
19 Los Angeles Lakers Away December 14, 1966
19 Philadelphia 76ers Home December 6, 1967
19 San Diego Rockets Neutral January 18, 1968

Regular season

Stat High Opponent Date
Points 56 vs. Los Angeles Lakers December 18, 1964
Field goals made
Field goal attempts
Free throws made, no misses 18-18 at St. Louis Hawks January 30, 1962
Free throws made, one miss 22-23 vs. Los Angeles Lakers December 18, 1964
Free throws made, one miss 22-23 vs. Baltimore Bullets November 20, 1966
Free throws made 22 vs. Los Angeles Lakers December 18, 1964
Free throws made 22 at Baltimore Bullets December 27, 1964
Free throws made 22 vs. Baltimore Bullets November 20, 1966
Free throw attempts 26 at Baltimore Bullets December 27, 1964
Rebounds
Minutes played

Playoffs

Stat High Opponent Date
Points 43 at Boston Celtics April 10, 1963
Field goals made 17 at Boston Celtics March 28, 1963
Free throws made, 1 miss 21-22 at Boston Celtics April 10, 1963
Free throws made 21 at Boston Celtics April 10, 1963
Free throw attempts 22 at Boston Celtics April 10, 1963
Assists 18 at Philadelphia 76ers March 29, 1964
Minutes played 58 (2OT) at Boston Celtics May 10, 1974

Personal life

Robertson is the son of Mazell and Bailey Robertson. He has two brothers, Bailey Jr. and Henry. He remembers a tough childhood, plagued by poverty and racism.[31] When a biography was going to be written about him in the 1990s, Robertson joked that his life had been "dull", and that he had been "married to the same woman for a long time".[29] In 1997, Robertson donated one of his kidneys to his daughter Tia, who suffered lupus-related kidney failure.[29] He has been an honorary spokesman for the National Kidney Foundation ever since. In 2003, he published his own autobiography, The Big O: My Life, My Times, My Game. Robertson also owns the chemical company Orchem, based in Cincinnati, Ohio.[32]

Regarding basketball, Robertson has stated that legendary Harlem Globetrotters players Marques Haynes and "clown prince" Goose Tatum were his idols.[16] Now in his eighties, he is long retired from playing basketball, although he still follows it on TV and attends most home games for the University of Cincinnati, his alma mater. He now lists woodworking as his prime hobby.[16] Robertson adds that he still could average a triple-double season in today's basketball, and that he is highly skeptical that anyone else could do it (it was later done by Russell Westbrook in the 2016–17 season). On June 9, 2007, Oscar received an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the University of Cincinnati for both his philanthropic and entrepreneurial efforts.[33]

In August 2018, Robertson auctioned off his 1971 championship ring, Hall of Fame ring, and one of his Milwaukee Bucks game jerseys. Each item sold between $50,000 and $91,000.[34]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Oscar Robertson stats". Basketball-reference.com. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  2. ^ basketball-reference.com, [1], accessed January 25, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Oscar Robertson nba.com summary". Nba.com. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c "Oscar Robertson Basketball Hall of Fame summary". Hoophall.com. Archived from the original on January 21, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Wooden, Russell lead founding class into Collegiate Hall of Fame". Abc.com. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  6. ^ "Top N. American athletes of the century". Espn.go.com. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  7. ^ "The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame – Hall of Famers". Hoophall.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  8. ^ "Oscar defined the triple-double". Espn.go.com. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Patrick Dorsey, Attucks' win helped race relations, ESPN.com, February 27, 2009
  10. ^ "2010-11 Men's basketball Media Supplement" (PDF). Grfx.cstv.com. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Oscar Robertson Trophy". Usbwa.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  12. ^ "Games of the XVIIth Olympiad -- 1960". Usabasketball.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2006. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  13. ^ "1962 Cincinnati Royals". Basketball-reference.com. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  14. ^ "1963 Cincinnati Royals". Basketball-reference.com. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  15. ^ "1964 Cincinnati Royals". Basketball-reference.com. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  16. ^ a b c "Oscar Robertson FAQ". Archived from the original on April 30, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  17. ^ "1975 Milwaukee Bucks". Basketball-reference.com. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  18. ^ "Oscar Robertson Company Information". Archived from the original on May 1, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  19. ^ Harris, Gregory. "Varsity Village Hits a Home Run On University Campus". LandscapeOnline.com. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2011.
  20. ^ "Definitive Notice & Proxy Statement". Sec.gov. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  21. ^ "Hall of Famer will serve until Huggins returns". Sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  22. ^ Wetzel, Dan (January 26, 2011). "Robertson joins suit vs. NCAA". Yahoo! Sports. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  23. ^ "'The Big O' backs pot legalization". ESPN. Associated Press. January 31, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  24. ^ Borchardt, Jackie (September 21, 2015). "What you need to know about Issue 3 -- Ohio's marijuana legalization measure". Northeast Ohio Media Group. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  25. ^ Saker, Anne (October 27, 2015). "Deters, Big O star in pro-Issue 3 ads". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  26. ^ Borchardt, Jackie (November 3, 2015). "Ohio marijuana legalization measure fails". cleveland.com. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  27. ^ a b "Daily Dime: Special Edition – The 10 Greatest Point Guards Ever". Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  28. ^ Wojnarowski, Adrian. "Making triple trouble". Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  29. ^ a b c Flatter, Ron. "ESPN Classic – Oscar defined the triple-double". Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  30. ^ "Children's Museum unveils 'sports legends' for new outdoor exhibit". Indiana Business Journal. September 12, 2017.
  31. ^ [2] Archived May 31, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "Orchem Corporation". Orchemcorp.com. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
  33. ^ "UC Legend Oscar Robertson to be Honored at Spring Commencement". Uc.edu. October 4, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  34. ^ http://www.espn.com/nba/story/_/id/24411321/oscar-robertson-1971-nba-title-ring-sells-91000

Further reading

  • Robertson, Oscar The Art of Basketball: A Guide to Self-Improvement in the Fundamentals of the Game (1998) ISBN 978-0-9662483-0-2
  • Robertson, Oscar The Big O: My Life, My Times, My Game (2003) ISBN 1-57954-764-8 autobiography
  • Bradsher, Bethany, Oscar Robertson Goes to Dixie (2011) ISBN 978-0-9836825-3-0, Houston, Texas: Whitecaps Media (e-book)
  • Bradsher, Bethany, The Classic: How Everett Case and His Tournament Brought Big-Time Basketball to the South (2011) ISBN 978-0-9836825-2-3, Houston, Texas: Whitecaps Media
  • Grace, Kevin. Cincinnati Hoops. Chicago, Illinois: Arcadia, 2003.
  • Grace, Kevin; Hand, Greg; Hathaway, Tom; and Hoffman, Carey. Bearcats! The Story of Basketball at the University of Cincinnati. Louisville, Kentucky: Harmony House, 1998.
  • Robertson, Oscar, Damian Aromando. Parquet Cronicles (2000)
  • Roberts, Randy. But They Can't Beat Us: Oscar Robertson and the Crispus Attucks Tigers. ISBN 1-57167-257-5

External links

Preceded by
Rick Barry and Rod Hundley
NBA Finals television color commentator
1975
Succeeded by
Rick Barry and Mendy Rudolph
1958 NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans

The consensus 1958 College Basketball All-American team, as determined by aggregating the results of six major All-American teams. To earn "consensus" status, a player must win honors from a majority of the following teams: the Associated Press, the USBWA, The United Press International, the National Association of Basketball Coaches, the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA), and the International News Service.

1959 NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans

The consensus 1959 College Basketball All-American team, as determined by aggregating the results of five major All-American teams. To earn "consensus" status, a player must win honors from a majority of the following teams: the Associated Press, the USBWA, The United Press International, the National Association of Basketball Coaches, and the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA).

1960 NBA draft

The 1960 NBA draft was the 14th annual draft of the National Basketball Association (NBA). The draft was held on April 11, 1960, before the 1960–61 season. In this draft, eight NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U.S. college basketball players. A player who had finished his four-year college eligibility was eligible for selection. If a player left college early, he would not be eligible for selection until his college class graduated. In each round, the teams select in reverse order of their win–loss record in the previous season. Before the draft, a team could forfeit its first-round draft pick and then select any player from within a 50-mile radius of its home arena as their territorial pick. The Minneapolis Lakers participated in the draft, but relocated to Los Angeles and became the Los Angeles Lakers prior to the start of the season. The draft consisted of 21 rounds comprising 100 players selected.

1960 NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans

The consensus 1960 College Basketball All-American team, as determined by aggregating the results of six major All-American teams. To earn "consensus" status, a player must win honors from a majority of the following teams: the Associated Press, the USBWA, The United Press International, the National Association of Basketball Coaches, the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA), and The Sporting News.

1960–61 NBA season

The 1960–61 NBA season was the 15th season of the National Basketball Association. The season ended with the Boston Celtics winning their 3rd straight NBA Championship, beating the St. Louis Hawks 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals.

1961–62 Cincinnati Royals season

The 1961/62 season was the Royals 14th season in the NBA and its fifth in Cincinnati. Oscar Robertson had a career season as he averaged a triple double on the season. All 5 starters on the Royals averaged double digits points per games as the team ended a 4-year playoff drought. The Royals had a record of 43–37 and the improving team finished in 2nd place. Despite that, the NBA team had real local competition for fans in The Queen City due to remarkably successful college teams there. The starting five of the team had improved, with Bob Boozer improving to join solid holdovers Oscar Robertson, Jack Twyman, Wayne Embry, Bucky Bockhorn. In the playoffs, the Royals dealt with injuries and would be defeated by the Detroit Pistons in 4 games.

1963–64 NBA season

The 1963–64 NBA season was the 18th season of the National Basketball Association. The season ended with the Boston Celtics winning their 6th straight NBA Championship, beating the San Francisco Warriors 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals.

1969 NBA All-Star Game

The 1969 NBA All-Star Game was an exhibition basketball game which was played on January 14, 1969, at the Baltimore Civic Center in Baltimore.

Coaches: East: Gene Shue, West: Richie Guerin.

Officials: Joe Gushue and Norm Drucker

MVP: Oscar Robertson

Network: ABC

Attendance: 12,348

1970–71 Milwaukee Bucks season

The 1970–71 Milwaukee Bucks season was the third season for the Bucks. Milwaukee posted a 66–16 record in only its third year of existence, and its second since getting Lew Alcindor, later known as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Key part of the championship season was the acquisition of Oscar Robertson. Other role players on the Bucks included players such as Bob Dandridge (18.4 ppg) and Jon McGlocklin (15.8 ppg), power forward Greg Smith and key reserves Lucius Allen, Bob Boozer and Dick Cunningham completing the nucleus. The season included a 20-game winning streak, the NBA's longest at the time, and still ranked fifth all-time. And the Bucks became the first team from the Midwest Division to win the NBA title; it would be 23 years before the Houston Rockets would do the same.

All-NBA Team

The All-NBA Team is an annual National Basketball Association (NBA) honor bestowed on the best players in the league following every NBA season. The voting is conducted by a panel of sportswriters and broadcasters throughout the United States and Canada. The team has been selected in every season of the league's existence, dating back to its inaugural season in 1946. The All-NBA Team originally had two teams, but since 1988 it is typically composed of three five-man lineups—a first, second, and third team.

Players receive five points for a first team vote, three points for a second team vote, and one point for a third team vote. The five players with the highest point totals make the first team, with the next five making the second team and so forth. In the case of a tie at the fifth position of any team, the roster is expanded. If the first team consists of six players due to a tie, the second team will still consist of five players with the potential for more expansion in the event of additional ties. A tie has occurred only once, in 1952, when Bob Davies and Dolph Schayes tied in votes received. From 1946 to 1955, players were selected without regard to position; however, since 1956, each team has consisted of two guards, two forwards, and one center.Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Kobe Bryant, Tim Duncan and LeBron James hold the record for the most total selections with fifteen. Karl Malone and Shaquille O'Neal follow with fourteen total honors, while Schayes, Bob Cousy, Jerry West, Hakeem Olajuwon, Dirk Nowitzki have twelve selections. James has the most All-NBA first team honors with twelve, while Malone and Bryant are tied for second-most with eleven.

Double-double (basketball)

In basketball, a double-double or triple-double is when a player accumulates ten or more (a double-digit total) in two or three of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a single game. A double-double is when a player records ten or more in two of the five statistics, and a triple-double is a double-digit total in three of the five.

The most common double-double combination is points and rebounds, followed by points and assists. Since the 1983–84 season, Tim Duncan leads the National Basketball Association (NBA) in the points-rebounds combination with 841 double-doubles, John Stockton leads the points-assists combination with 714, and Russell Westbrook leads the rebounds-assists combinations with 134.

The most common way to achieve a triple-double is through points, rebounds, and assists. Oscar Robertson leads the all-time NBA list with 181 career triple-doubles and is, along with Russell Westbrook, one of only two players ever to average a triple-double for a season. Westbrook currently holds the record for most triple-doubles in a season with 42 and is the only player to average a triple-double for three consecutive seasons.

A quadruple-double is when a player reaches double figures in four of the five. This has only occurred four times in the NBA.

A quintuple-double is a double-digit total in all five categories in a game. Three quintuple-doubles have been recorded at the high school level, by Tamika Catchings, Alex Montgomery, and Aimee Oertner, but none have occurred in a college or professional game in the United States. A similar accomplishment is the five-by-five, which is the accumulation of at least five points, five rebounds, five assists, five steals, and five blocks in a game. In the NBA, only Hakeem Olajuwon and Andrei Kirilenko have accumulated multiple five-by-fives since the 1984–85 season.

List of U.S. men's college basketball national player of the year awards

This article lists U.S. men's college basketball national player of the year awards. Several different organizations sponsor an award for the nation's top player.

NBA All-Star Game Most Valuable Player Award

The National Basketball Association All-Star Game Most Valuable Player (MVP) is an annual National Basketball Association (NBA) award given to the player(s) voted best of the annual All-Star Game. The award was established in 1953 when NBA officials decided to designate an MVP for each year's game. The league also re-honored players from the previous two All-Star Games. Ed Macauley and Paul Arizin were selected as the 1951 and 1952 MVP winners respectively. The voting is conducted by a panel of media members, who cast their vote after the conclusion of the game. The player(s) with the most votes or ties for the most votes wins the award. No All-Star Game MVP was named in 1999 since the game was canceled due to the league's lockout. As of 2019, the most recent recipient is Golden State Warrior forward Kevin Durant.

Bob Pettit and Kobe Bryant are the only two players to win the All-Star Game MVP four times. Oscar Robertson, Michael Jordan, Shaquille O'Neal, and LeBron James have each won the award three times, while Bob Cousy, Julius Erving, Isiah Thomas, Magic Johnson, Karl Malone, Allen Iverson, Russell Westbrook, and Kevin Durant have all won the award twice. James' first All-Star MVP in 2006 made him the youngest to have ever won the award at the age of 21 years, 1 month. Kyrie Irving, winner of the 2014 All-Star Game MVP, is the second-youngest at 21 years, 10 months. They are notable as being the two youngest to win the award, both as Cleveland Cavaliers. Four of the games had joint winners—Elgin Baylor and Pettit in 1959, John Stockton and Malone in 1993, O'Neal and Tim Duncan in 2000, and O'Neal and Bryant in 2009. O'Neal became the first player in All-Star history to share two MVP awards as well as the first player to win the award with multiple teams. The Los Angeles Lakers have had eleven winners while the Boston Celtics have had eight. Duncan of the U.S. Virgin Islands and Irving of Australia are the only winners not born in the United States. Both Duncan and Irving are American citizens, but are considered "international" players by the NBA because they were not born in one of the fifty states or Washington, D.C. No player trained entirely outside the U.S. has won the award; Irving lived in the U.S. since age two, and Duncan played U.S. college basketball at Wake Forest.

Bob Pettit (1958, 1959) and Russell Westbrook (2015, 2016) are the only players to win consecutive awards. Pettit (1956), Bob Cousy (1957), Wilt Chamberlain (1960), Bill Russell (1963), Oscar Robertson (1964), Willis Reed (1970), Dave Cowens (1973), Michael Jordan (1988, 1996, 1998), Magic Johnson (1990), Shaquille O'Neal (2000), and Allen Iverson (2001) all won the All-Star Game MVP and the NBA Most Valuable Player Award in the same season; Jordan is the only player to do this multiple times. 14 players have won the award playing for the team that hosted the All-Star Game: Macauley (1951), Cousy (1957), Pettit (1958, 1962), Chamberlain (1960), Adrian Smith (1966), Rick Barry (1967), Jerry West (1972), Tom Chambers (1987), Michael Jordan (1988), Karl Malone (1993), John Stockton (1993), O'Neal (2004, 2009), Bryant (2011) and Davis (2017); Pettit and O'Neal did this multiple times. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar has the distinction of playing in the most All-Star Games (18) without winning the All-Star Game MVP, while Adrian Smith won the MVP in his only All-Star Game.

NBA territorial pick

A territorial pick was a type of special draft choice used in the Basketball Association of America (BAA) draft in 1949 and in the National Basketball Association (NBA) draft after the 1950 season, the year in which the BAA was renamed the NBA. In the draft, NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U.S. college basketball players. Territorial picks were eliminated when the draft system was revamped in 1966.In the first 20 years of the BAA/NBA, the league was still trying to gain the support of fans who lived in or near the teams' home markets. To achieve this, the league introduced the territorial pick rule to help teams acquire popular players from colleges in their area who would presumably have strong local support. Before the draft, a team could forfeit its first-round draft pick and then select any player from within a 50-mile radius of its home arena. Although the territorial picks were selected before the draft, these picks were not factored into the overall selection count of the draft; therefore, the first non-territorial pick of the draft was considered the first overall pick.Of the 23 territorial picks, 12 players have been inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Tom Heinsohn, Wilt Chamberlain, Oscar Robertson and Jerry Lucas are the only four territorial picks who won the Rookie of the Year Award. Chamberlain also won the Most Valuable Player Award in his rookie season. He went on to win the Most Valuable Player Award three more times in his career. Oscar Robertson is the only other territorial pick who has won the Most Valuable Player Award; he won it in the 1963–64 season. The Philadelphia Warriors had the most territorial picks, having selected six who attended a total of five colleges. The University of Cincinnati had the most players taken as a territorial pick; three Cincinnati players were selected using this method by the Cincinnati Royals. The 1965 NBA draft, the last draft in which the rule remained in effect, had the most territorial picks in a single draft with three. The 1953 draft also had three territorial picks. No territorial pick was selected in the 1954, 1957 and 1961 drafts.

Oscar Robertson Trophy

The Oscar Robertson Trophy is given out annually to the outstanding men's college basketball player by the United States Basketball Writers Association (USBWA). The trophy is considered to be the oldest of its kind and has been given out since 1959.

Robertson v. National Basketball Ass'n

Robertson v. National Basketball Association, 556 F.2d 682 (2d Cir. 1977), was an antitrust lawsuit filed by American basketball player Oscar Robertson against the National Basketball Association (NBA). Filed in 1970, the lawsuit was settled in 1976 and resulted in the free agency rules now used in the NBA.

Sacramento Kings accomplishments and records

This page details the all-time statistics, records, and other achievements pertaining to the Sacramento Kings.

Sporting News Men's College Basketball Player of the Year

The Sporting News Men's College Basketball Player of the Year is an annual basketball award given to the best men's basketball player in NCAA Division I competition. The award was first given following the 1942–43 season and is presented by Sporting News (formerly The Sporting News), an American–based sports magazine that was established in 1886.

No award winners were selected from 1947–49 and from 1952–57. Repeat winners of the Sporting News Player of the Year award are rare; as of 2016, it has occurred only six times in the award's 63 presentations. Of those six repeat winners, only Oscar Robertson of Cincinnati and Bill Walton of UCLA have been named the player of the year three times.

UCLA and Duke have the most all-time with seven. North Carolina has the second most with five winners.

UPI College Basketball Player of the Year

The UPI College Basketball Player of the Year was an annual basketball award given to the best men's basketball player in NCAA Division I competition. The award was first given following the 1954–55 season and was discontinued following the 1995–96 season. It was given by United Press International (UPI), a news agency in the United States that rivaled the Associated Press but began to decline with the advent of television news.

Five players—Oscar Robertson, Jerry Lucas, Lew Alcindor, Bill Walton and Ralph Sampson—won the award multiple times. Of these five, only Robertson, Walton and Sampson were three-time UPI Players of the Year.

UCLA had the most all-time winners with six. Ohio State was second with four winners, while Cincinnati and Virginia were tied for third with three winners apiece. Five other schools had two winners and sixteen schools had only one UPI Player of the Year.

Eight of the winners were sophomores, seven were juniors, and the remaining 27 were seniors. No freshman was ever presented the award.

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