Osaka Prefecture

Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 Ōsaka-fu) is a prefecture located in the Kansai region on Honshu, the main island of Japan.[1] The capital is the city of Osaka. It is the center of Keihanshin area.[2] Osaka is one of the two "urban prefectures" ( fu) of Japan, Kyoto being the other (Tokyo became a "metropolitan prefecture", or to, in 1941).

Osaka Prefecture

大阪府
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese大阪府
 • RōmajiŌsaka-fu
Flag of Osaka Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Osaka Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Osaka Prefecture
Coordinates: 34°41′11″N 135°31′12″E / 34.68639°N 135.52000°ECoordinates: 34°41′11″N 135°31′12″E / 34.68639°N 135.52000°E
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
IslandHonshu
CapitalOsaka
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 43
Government
 • GovernorHirofumi Yoshimura
Area
 • Total1,905.14 km2 (735.58 sq mi)
Area rank46th
Population
 (April 1, 2018)
 • Total8,819,416
 • Rank3rd
 • Density4,629/km2 (11,990/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-27
Websitewww.pref.osaka.lg.jp.e.agb.hp.transer.com/jp/introduction/index.html
Symbols
BirdBull-headed shrike (Lanius bucephalus)
FlowerJapanese apricot (Prunus mume)
Primrose (Primula sieboldii)
TreeGinkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba)

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,324,216—    
19031,823,456+2.49%
19132,461,067+3.04%
19202,587,847+0.72%
19253,059,502+3.41%
19303,540,017+2.96%
19354,297,174+3.95%
19404,792,966+2.21%
19452,800,958−10.19%
19503,857,047+6.61%
19554,618,308+3.67%
19605,504,746+3.57%
19656,657,189+3.87%
19707,620,480+2.74%
19758,278,925+1.67%
19808,473,446+0.47%
19858,668,095+0.46%
19908,734,516+0.15%
19958,797,268+0.14%
20008,805,081+0.02%
20058,817,166+0.03%
20108,865,245+0.11%
20158,838,908−0.06%
source:[3]

Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Osaka prefecture was known as Kawachi, Izumi,[4][5] and Settsu provinces.[6]

Osaka Prefecture was created on June 21, 1868, at the very beginning of the Meiji era.[7] During the instigation of Fuhanken Sanchisei in 1868, the prefecture received its suffix fu, designating it as an urban prefecture.

On September 1, 1956, the city of Osaka was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into 24 wards.

In 2000, Fusae Ota became Japan's first female governor when she replaced Knock Yokoyama, who resigned after prosecution for sexual harassment.[8]

On April 1, 2006: the city of Sakai was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into seven wards.

In 2008, Tōru Hashimoto, previously famous as a counselor on television, was elected at the age of 38 as the youngest governor in Japan.

06/18/2018 - 2018 Osaka earthquake.

Reform

In 2010, the Osaka Restoration Association was created with backing by Governor Tōru Hashimoto, attempting to reform Osaka Prefecture into Osaka Metropolis reducing affiliated organizations of Osaka Prefecture and the City of Osaka.

In the 2011 local elections the association was able to win the majority of the prefectural seats.

The plan was narrowly defeated in the 2015 referendum (49.62% yes and 50.38% no).

Geography

Osaka Prefecture neighbors the prefectures of Hyōgo and Kyoto in the north, Nara in the east and Wakayama in the south. The west is open to Osaka Bay. The Yodo and Yamato Rivers flow through the prefecture.

Prior to the construction of Kansai International Airport, Osaka was the smallest prefecture in Japan. The artificial island on which the airport was built added enough area to make it slightly larger than Kagawa Prefecture.[9][10]

As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen and Meiji no Mori Minō Quasi-National Parks and Hokusetsu and Hannan-Misaki Prefectural Natural Parks.[11]

Cities

Map of Osaka Prefecture Ja
Map of Osaka Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village
Osaka-Pref-Office-01
Osaka Prefectural Office
Daisenryo Kofun zenkei-2
Sakai and Mozu Old Tomb
View of Takatsuki city 2
Takatsuki

Thirty-three cities are located in Osaka Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Osaka umeda06s3200
Diamond district in Umeda
Umeda1
Herbis ENT
Osaka Business Park
Osaka Castle park and Osaka business park
Osaka neon
Famous advertisement by Glico man in Dōtonbori (middle-left)

The gross prefecture product of Osaka for the fiscal year 2004 was ¥38.7 trillion, second after Tokyo with an increase of 0.9% from the previous year. This represented approximately 48% of the Kinki region. The per capita income was ¥3.0 million, seventh in the nation.[12] Commercial sales the same year was ¥60.1 trillion.[13]

Overshadowed by such globally renowned electronics giants as Panasonic and Sharp, the other side of Osaka's economy can be characterized by its Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) activities. The number of SMEs based in Osaka in 2006 was 330,737, accounting for 99.6% of the total number of businesses in the prefecture.[14] While this proportion is similar to other prefectures (the average nationwide was 99.7%), the manufactured output of the SMEs amounted to 65.4% of the total within the prefecture, a rate significantly higher than Tokyo's 55.5%, or Kanagawa's 38.4%.[15] One model from Osaka of serving the public interest and restimulating the regional economy, combined with industry-education cooperation efforts, is the Astro-Technology SOHLA,[16] with its artificial satellite project.[17] Having originally started from a gathering of Higashiosaka based SMEs, Astro-Technology SOHLA has not only grown into a Kansai region-wide group but has also won support from the government, through technology and material support from Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA),[18] and financial support from NEDO.[19][20]

The Osaka Securities Exchange, specializing in derivatives such as Nikkei 225 Futures, is based in Osaka.

There are many electrical, chemical, pharmaceutical, heavy industry, food, and housing companies in Osaka Prefecture.

Osaka city skyline at dusk viewed from the Umeda Sky Building
Osaka city skyline at dusk viewed from the Umeda Sky Building

Major factories and research institutes

Demographics

According to the 2005 Population Census of Japan, Osaka prefecture has a population of 8,817,166, an increase of 12,085, or 0.14%, since the Census of year 2000.[21]

As of 2013 this prefecture has about 200,000 ethnic Korean persons, the largest such population of any prefecture in Japan. Osaka City. As of 2013 most ethnic Korean children attend ordinary Japanese public schools, although some Korean schools operated by the Chongryon and classes for ethnic Koreans had opened in the prefecture. During the Japanese rule of Korea many ethnic Koreans came to the Osaka area to look for work. Many people from Jeju came to the Osaka area after a 1922 ferry line between Osaka and Jeju opened. During World War II Japanese authorities forced additional ethnic Koreans to move to the Osaka area.[22]

Temples and shrines

Museums

Education

Public elementary and junior high schools in the prefecture are operated by the municipalities. Public high schools are operated by the Osaka Prefectural Board of Education.

Universities

Parks

Transportation

Rail

People movers

Road

Expressways

National highways

Airports

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Osaka.

Football (soccer)

League

Non-league

Baseball

Basketball

Volleyball

Rugby union

Prefectural symbols

The symbol of Osaka Prefecture, called the sennari byōtan or "thousand gourds," was originally the crest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the feudal lord of Osaka Castle.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Osaka-fu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Osaka" in p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books
  3. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  4. ^ 大阪府教育委員会 (2002-03-29). "岸和田城跡". Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan. Retrieved 2016-09-02.
  5. ^ 泉南市教育委員会 (1987-09-21). "海会寺". Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan. Retrieved 2016-09-02.
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  7. ^ "大阪のあゆみ (History of Osaka)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2007-03-12.The creation of Osaka prefecture took place slight earlier than many other prefectures, that had to wait for abolition of the han system in 1871.
  8. ^ Tolbert, Kathryn. "Election of First Female Governor Boosts Japan's Ruling Party", The Washington Post, February 8, 2000.
  9. ^ "平成10年全国都道府県市区町村の面積の公表について(Official announcement on the national territory and area of 1998, by prefectures, cities, districts, towns and villages)" Archived 2003-06-11 at the Wayback Machine, Geographical Survey Institute, Government of Japan, January 29, 1999.
  10. ^ "コラム Vol.017 全国都道府県市区町村面積調 (Column: "National Area Investigation" vol.017)" Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine, Alps Mapping K.K., March 8, 2001.
  11. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  12. ^ "平成16年度の県民経済計算について (Prefectural Economy for the fiscal year 2004 based on 93SNA) Cabinet Office, Government of Japan" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  13. ^ "大阪府民経済計算 (Osaka Prefectural Economy based on 93SNA) Osaka Prefectural Government" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  14. ^ "2006 White Paper on Small and Medium Enterprises in Japan, Japan Small Business Research Institute (Japan)" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  15. ^ "なにわの経済データ (The Naniwa Economy Data)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  16. ^ "Astro-Technology SOHLA" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2007-03-09. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  17. ^ "Japan Advertising Council". Archived from the original on 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2007-03-14. For details on the campaign featuring SOHLA, navigate through the Japanese page to the 2003 campaign listing, at entry "東大阪の人工衛星" (Higashiosaka's Satellite) [1] Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ ""Smaller firms build a satellite" City of Osaka, Chicago Office". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  19. ^ The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
  20. ^ ""Study of PETSAT" NEDO, 2005" (PDF) (in Japanese and English). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  21. ^ "Table 1: 大阪府の人口の推移 ( Population Change of Osaka Prefecture)" (in Japanese). Osaka Prefectural Government. Archived from the original on 2007-01-05. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  22. ^ Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 166.
  23. ^ 財団法人 国際花と緑の博覧会記念協会:English:Expo'90 Foundation Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine

References

External links

Expo '70 Commemorative Stadium

Expo '70 Commemorative Stadium (万博記念競技場, Banpaku Kinen Kyōgi-jō), also called Osaka Expo '70 Stadium, is an athletics stadium located in the Expo Commemoration Park, the site of Expo '70, in the city of Suita, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. It has a capacity of around about 21,000.

The stadium was the home ground of J.League club Gamba Osaka between 1993 and 2015 before the club moved to Suita City Football Stadium. It remains in use as a local athletics venue, rugby and as a home venue for Gamba Osaka's Under-23 team in the J3 League.

Hanshin Electric Railway

Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (阪神電気鉄道株式会社, Hanshin Denki-tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese private railway company of Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group that links Osaka and Kobe. It also owns the Hanshin Tigers baseball team.

The second character for Osaka (大阪) and the first character for Kobe (神戸) combine to form the company name, 阪神, which can be read Han-shin.

IC cards (PiTaPa and ICOCA) are accepted when taking trains.

Higashiōsaka

Higashiōsaka (東大阪市, Higashiōsaka-shi, literally "East Osaka City") is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. The city is known as one of the industrial cities of Japan and "the rugby football town".

As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 500,463 and a population density of 8,100 persons per km². The total area is 61.81 km².

Ibaraki, Osaka

Ibaraki (茨木市, Ibaraki-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. It is a suburban city of Osaka City and a part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Ibaraki translates to "wild trees" or "thorny trees". The city was incorporated on January 1, 1948.

As of February 2017, the city has an estimated population of 280,562 and a population density of 3,580 persons per km2. The total area is 76.52 km2.

Japan National Route 423

National Route 423 is a national highway of Japan connecting Kita-ku, Osaka and Kameoka, Kyoto in the Kansai region of Japan.

Neyagawa, Osaka

Neyagawa (寝屋川市, Neyagawa-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan, that was founded May 3, 1951.

As of April 2017, the city has an estimated population of 236,758 and a population density of 9,600 persons per km². The total area is 24.73 km².

Neyagawa entered a Sister City relationship with Newport News, Virginia (US), in 1982, and with Oakville, Ontario (Canada), in 1984, where a boulevard is named after the city.

Ohtani Junior and Senior High School (Osaka)

Ohtani Junior and Senior High School (大谷中学校・高等学校, Ōtani Chūgakkō Kōtōgakkō) is a private Buddhist girls' secondary school in Abeno-ku, Osaka.

In 1909 the school was first established. As of 2019 it had 1,406 students. It is a member of the Alliance of Girls' Schools Australasia.

Osaka Monorail

The Osaka Monorail (大阪モノレール, Ōsaka Monorēru) is a monorail in northern Osaka Prefecture, Japan, operated by Osaka Monorail Co., Ltd. (大阪高速鉄道株式会社, Ōsaka Kōsoku Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha). With 28 kilometres long it is the second longest monorail system in the world, after the Chongqing Monorail, and links the three campuses of Osaka University.

Osaka Prefecture University

Osaka Prefecture University (大阪府立大学, Ōsaka furitsu daigaku) (OPU), also abbreviated to Fudai (府大), is one of the largest public universities in Japan. The main campus is among big Kofun tombs in Sakai, Osaka.

Sae Murase

Sae Murase (村瀬 紗英, Murase Sae, born 30 March 1997 in Osaka Prefecture) is a member of the Japanese idol girl group NMB48. She is a member of NMB48's Team BII.

Settsu Province

Settsu Province (摂津国, Settsu no kuni) was a province of Japan, which today comprises the southeastern part of Hyōgo Prefecture and the northern part of Osaka Prefecture. It was also referred to as Tsu Province (津国, Tsu no kuni) or Sesshū (摂州).

Osaka and Osaka Castle were the main center of the province. Most of Settsu's area comprises the modern day cities of Osaka and Kōbe.

Suita

Suita (吹田市, Suita-shi) is a city located in northern Osaka Prefecture, Japan.

As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 378,322 and a population density of 9,880 persons per km². The total area is 36.11 km².

The city was founded on April 1, 1940, and was the site of Expo '70, a World's Fair held in 1970. The J-League soccer club Gamba Osaka plays at Suita City Football Stadium.

It is connected to central by Hankyu Railway, West Japan Railway Company and the Osaka Municipal Subway. The Osaka Monorail also passes through the area, connecting the city to Osaka, the Expo Commemoration Park and Osaka International Airport.

Sumitomo Group

The Sumitomo Group (Japanese: 住友グループ, Hepburn: Sumitomo Gurūpu) is one of the largest Japanese keiretsu, or business groups, founded by Masatomo Sumitomo around 1615.

Takatsuki

Takatsuki (高槻市, Takatsuki-shi) is a city in Osaka Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2016, the city had an estimated population of 350,914 and a population density of 3,300 persons per km². The total area is 105.31 km².

The city was founded on January 1, 1943, and is almost directly between Kyoto and Osaka. Due to the convenience of being 13–15 minutes from Kyoto and Osaka by train respectively, the city has developed exponentially during the past recent 20 years. It is a commuter town, with people commuting to Kyoto and Osaka.

Toyonaka

Toyonaka (豊中市, Toyonaka-shi) is a city in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on October 15, 1936

Yamato River

Yamato River (Yamatogawa) is a Japanese class A river in the Kansai region and flows via the Nara Prefecture and Osaka Prefecture to the Osaka Bay.

The river flows via towns:

Nara Prefecture

Yamatokōriyama

Osaka Prefecture

Kashiwara

Fujiidera - confluence with Ishikawa RiverSince 1704 the river was reconfigured, originally its flow was north from the Ishikawa River confluence point, where it joined the Shirinashi River and Kizu River.At the river mouth is a densely populated area and Yamatogawa forms a natural border between Osaka and Sakai cities.

Yao, Osaka

Yao (八尾市, Yao-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1948. As of 2017, the city has an estimated population of 268,013 and a population density of 6,400 persons per km². The total area is 41.71 km². Yao is home to a general aviation airport, Yao Airport.

The city is the birthplace of the Kawachi ondo style of folk singing. A festival of the style held there includes a Bon Odori (dance to welcome ancestral spirits).

Yao Airport

Yao Airport (八尾空港, Yao Kūkō, ICAO: RJOY) is a general aviation airport in Yao, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Located 8.1 NM (15.0 km; 9.3 mi) southeast of Ōsaka Station, it is also an airbase for the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force.

Several small carriers offer sightseeing and charter flights from Yao, including Asahi Airlines and Hankyu Airlines.

Yao is the only second class airport in Japan that does not have scheduled airline services.

Yodo River

The Yodo River (淀川, Yodo-gawa), also called the Seta River (瀬田川 Seta-gawa) and the Uji River (宇治川 Uji-gawa) at portions of its route, is the principal river in Osaka Prefecture on Honshū, Japan. The source of the river is Lake Biwa in Shiga Prefecture to the north.

The Yodo River, usually called the Seta River in Shiga Prefecture, begins at the southern outlet of the lake in Ōtsu. There is a dam there to regulate the lake level. Further downstream, the Seta flows into Kyoto Prefecture and changes its name to the Uji River, and then merges with two other rivers, namely the Katsura River and the Kizu River in Kyoto Prefecture. The Katsura has its headwaters in the mountains of Kyoto Prefecture, while the Kizu comes from Mie Prefecture. From the three-river confluence, the river is called the Yodo River, which flows south, through Osaka, and on into Osaka Bay. In Osaka, part of the river has been diverted into an artificial channel; the old course in the heart of Osaka is called the Kyū-Yodo River (literally, 'Former Yodo River').

It serves as a source of water for irrigation and also powers hydroelectric generators.

Shadow picture of Osaka prefecture.png Osaka Prefecture
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