Orleans (/ɔːrˈliːnz/; French: [ɔʁleɑ̃]) (officially Orléans[note 1]), is a suburb of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It is located in the eastern part of the city along the Ottawa River, about 16 km (10 mi) from downtown Ottawa. The Canada 2011 Census determined that Orléans' population was 107,823. Prior to being amalgamated into Ottawa in 2001, the community of Orléans was spread over two municipal jurisdictions, the eastern portion being in the pre-amalgamation City of Cumberland, the western portion in the City of Gloucester. According to the 2016 census, 69,178 people lived in the Cumberland portion of Orléans, while 47,510 people lived in the Gloucester portion. Today, Orléans spans the municipal wards of Orléans, Innes and Cumberland. Orléans contains a significant francophone minority, although this has been declining in recent decades.
St-Joseph's Parish, built in 1830
|Parish of St-Joseph d'Orléans||1830s|
|Police Village of St-Joseph d'Orléans||1922|
|Community of Orléans||1974|
|• Mayor||Jim Watson|
|• City councillors||Stephen Blais, Jody Mitic, Bob Monette|
|• Member of Parliament||Andrew Leslie, Francis Drouin|
|• Member of Provincial Parliament||Marie-France Lalonde|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||Area code 613|
The community is thought to have been named by its first postmaster, Théodore Besserer, after his place of birth, the Île d'Orléans near Quebec City. Orléans was an incorporated police village from 1922 to 1974 and was then known as St. Joseph d'Orléans. The name corresponds to the main francophone Roman Catholic Church, Paroisse St-Joseph (Parish of St-Joseph), of which the older part of Orléans is built around, along St-Joseph Boulevard.
Orléans inspired the name of one its main roads, Jeanne D'Arc Boulevard, which wraps its way around the community. Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc) was a 15th-century martyr who led the French army to victory in Orléans, France.
Largely a rural area for a great number of years, the first major suburban subdivision constructed in the community was the Queenswood Heights development starting in the late 1960s. Orléans has continued its steady growth as a suburban community since that time; its southern and easternmost boundaries continue to grow as more houses and businesses are built. Orléans has French-speaking population of over 30%. The community's name is spelled with an acute accent in French in the relevant regulation to the City of Ottawa Act, reflective of the area's francophone heritage.
Commercial growth originally started along St. Joseph Boulevard and later included Place d'Orléans, a large shopping centre with over 175 stores situated off Ottawa Regional Road 174 (the Queensway). Place D'Orléans was originally constructed in 1979 and underwent major expansions in 1984, 1988, and 1990 to arrive at its current size and configuration. Newer business areas along Innes Road between Tenth Line Road and Mer Bleue Road, and in the vicinity of Trim Road on the eastern end of the area, have many large retail outlets. The country-wide housing boom starting from 2000 has also seen an extremely large amount of housing and residential areas being developed in the eastern Orléans area west of Trim Road and south of Innes Road, such as the new community called Avalon. The population and business growth also forced the improvement of Innes Road from a two-lane to a four-lane road in 2005.
The Elizabeth Manley skating rink at the Bob MacQuarrie Recreation Complex (formerly Orléans Recreation Complex) is named for figure skater Elizabeth Manley who trained at the facility. Manley won a Silver Medal in Women's figure skating in the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics. It is home to the Gloucester Skating Club and the Canadian Academy of Skating Arts. The skating club is well known for sending skaters to national and international level competitions.
The Ray Friel Recreational Complex in the more eastern part of Orléans is home to a public library, Sir Wilfrid Laurier Secondary School, an indoor wave pool, exercising facilities, a physiotherapy clinic, a sports store, a restaurant, two soccer fields and three skating arenas making it one of the main centres for recreation in Orléans. In 2009, the Shenkman Arts Centre opened just east of Place d'Orléans. It is a multidisciplinary arts centre that houses a concert hall, black-box theatre, several art galleries and studio spaces for both visual and performing arts.
Along the Ottawa River in the north-east of Orléans, is the parkland of Petrie Island. The parkland is located on several small islands connected by Trim Road, a north-south roadway. The islands are sandbars developed over time in the river. There was a facility extracting sand from the islands, but this has been closed and converted into a large beach area. Petrie Island is home to turtles in some of its sheltered lagoons and has a nature centre for learning more about the local environment. One section of Petrie Island has several homes, but the area is mainly parkland. There is a marina with canoe and kayak rentals. Petrie Island is host to annual Canada Day celebrations for the Orléans community.
There are also several nature trails and paths throughout the area including the Bilberry Creek Trail and the Princess Louise Trail through which Taylor Creek runs. The trail leads to a beautiful waterfall near St-Joseph Boulevard.
Bilberry Creek: Located east of Jeanne d'Arc Boulevard, north of Highway 174 and east towards the eastern end of the development.
Cardinal Creek: Located north of Innes Road, west of Cardinal Creek and St-Joseph Blvd. Western boundary overlaps with Fallingbrook.
Chapel Hill North: Located north of Innes Road in the Orléans Boulevard area and south of St-Joseph Boulevard.
Chapel Hill South: Located south of Innes Road, and north of Navan Road.
Chateau Neuf: Is bounded by St-Joseph Boulevard on the north, Innes Road on the south. The eastern border includes Jeanne d'Arc-Sunview-Des Grives-Barsona-Place Belleterre-Duford Drive, and Orléans Boulevard borders the west.
Chatelaine Village: Located north of Highway 174 toward the Ottawa River and East of Willow Ave.
Convent Glen: Located north of Highway 174 toward the Ottawa River and west of Jeanne d'Arc Boulevard.
Convent Glen South: Located south of Highway 174 and north of St. Joseph Blvd and generally west of Orléans Blvd.
Eastridge : Future community situated near Trim Road and Blackburn By-Pass Road south of Notting Gate community.
Hiawatha Park: Older neighbourhood on the Ottawa River, north of Convent Glen.
Mer Bleue (future): This proposed neighbourhood would be located south of Innes Road between Mer Bleue and Tenth Line Road and south towards the Urban limit.
Notre-Dame-des-Champs: Near Mer Bleue and Navan Road.
Notting Gate: Located south of Innes Road, east of Portobello Boulevard, and west of Trim Road.
Orleans Village: Oldest part of Orleans, located along St-Joseph Blvd between Orléans Blvd and Duford Dr.
Orleans Wood: Located north of Highway 174 toward the Ottawa River, east of Jeanne d'Arc Boulevard and west of Champlain Street.
Queenswood Village: Older neighbourhood between Champlain St and Willow Ave, north of Highway 174.
River Walk: East of Tenth Line, north of Highway 174.
Queenswood Public School closed in 2008(now Coccinelle (Garderie) École La Source)