Oricon

Oricon Inc. (株式会社オリコン Kabushiki-gaisha Orikon), established in 1999, is the holding company at the head of a Japanese corporate group that supplies statistics and information on music and the music industry in Japan. It started as Original Confidence Inc. (株式会社オリジナルコンフィデンス Kabushiki-gaisha Orijinaru Konfidensu), which was founded by Sōkō Koike in November 1967 and became known for its music charts.[1] Oricon Inc. was originally set up as a subsidiary of Original Confidence and took over the latter’s Oricon record charts in April 2002.

The charts are compiled from data drawn from some 39,700 retail outlets (as of April 2011) and provide sales rankings of music CDs, DVDs, electronic games, and other entertainment products based on weekly tabulations.[4] Results are announced every Tuesday and published in Oricon Style by subsidiary Oricon Entertainment Inc. The group also lists panel survey-based popularity ratings for television commercials on its official website.[5]

Oricon Inc.
株式会社オリコン
Holding company, owner of Oricon Entertainment Inc.[1]
Traded asJASDAQ4800
IndustryBroadcast of music entertainment
FoundedNovember 1967 (as Original Confidence)[1]
October 1, 1999 (as Oricon Direct Digital)[2]
June 2001 (as Oricon Global Entertainment)
July 2002[2]
HeadquartersRoppongi, Minato, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Ko Koike: CEO
Ownersee List of Oricon's shareholders
Number of employees
198 (full-time workers, as of September 30, 2016)[3]
ParentOricon Entertainment Inc. (October 1999 – June 2001)
SubsidiariesOricon Entertainment Inc. (June 2001 – present)
WebsiteOfficial Site of Oricon Inc.
Official Site of Oricon Charts

History

Original Confidence Inc., the original Oricon company, was founded by the former Snow Brand Milk Products promoter Sōkō Koike in 1967. That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental:basis. Entitled Sōgō Geinō Shijō Chōsa (総合芸能市場調査) (it means "surveys of total entertainment markets"), this went official on January 4, 1968.

Like the preceding Japanese music charts provided by Tokushin Music Report which was started in 1962,[6] early Original Confidence was an exclusive information magazine only for the people who worked in the music industry. However, in the 1970s, Koike willingly advertised his company's charts to make its existence prevail among the Japanese public. Thanks to his intensive promotional efforts on the multiple media including television programs, the hit parade became known by its abbreviation "Oricon" by the late 1970s.

The company shortened its name to Oricon in 1992 and was split into a holding company and several subsidiaries in 1999. Since Sōkō Koike's death, Oricon has been managed by the founder's relatives. In 2004, Hirakawachi 1-chome made Oricon history by reaching the 7th spot, making their debut, Enpitsu de tsukuru uta, the youngest J-pop male artists' album charted in the top 10.

Policy

Oricon monitors and reports on sales of CDs, DVDs, video games, and entertainment content in several other formats; manga and book sales were also formerly covered. Charts are published every Tuesday in Oricon Style and on Oricon’s official website. Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. For example, the debut single of NEWS, a pop group, was released only through 7-Eleven stores, which are not covered by Oricon, and its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon’s rankings of record sales are therefore not completely accurate. Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops.

Controversy

In 2006, Oricon sued journalist Hiro Ugaya when he was quoted in a Saizo (or Cyso) magazine article as suggesting that Oricon was manipulating its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels, specifically Johnny and Associates. Ugaya condemned the lawsuit as an example of a strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP) in Japan.[7] The lawsuit, filed by Oricon on November 17, 2006, accused Ugaya of “mendacious comments” and demanded 50 million yen (318,000 euros) in damages. In the interview, Ugaya questioned the validity of Oricon’s hit chart on the grounds that its statistical methods were not transparent. Many NGOs, including Reporters Without Borders, denounced the lawsuit as a violation of free expression. A Tokyo District Court initially ordered Ugaya to pay 1 million yen (7,400 euros) in damages, but Ugaya appealed to the Tokyo high court. Oricon later dropped the charges, after a 33-month battle that laid waste to the reporter's life. No charge was laid against the journalist.

Oricon’s decision to drop the action is extremely unusual in Japan. According to Japanese supreme court figures, only 0.1 per cent of the cases closed in 2007 were terminated as a result of the plaintiff’s decision to abandon the claim.[8]

Shareholders

(as of March 31, 2012)

  • LitruPond LLC – 29.34%
  • Yoshiaki Yoshida (DHC Corp. president) - 8.94%
  • Hikari Tsushin, Inc. – 4.94%
  • Ko Koike (CEO) – 2.75%
  • Lawson, Inc. - 1.98%
  • Hidekō Koike - 1.89%
  • Naoko Koike - 1.87%
  • DHC Corp. – 1.59%
  • Yumi Koike - 1.55%

Charts

Current charts

  • Singles Chart (1968-01-04 – present)
  • Albums Chart (1987-10-05 – present)
  • Karaoke Chart (1994-12-26 – present)
  • DVD Chart (1999-04-05 – present)
  • Book Chart (2008-04-07 – present)
  • Comic Chart (1995-02-06 – 2001-03-26; 2008-04-07 – present)
  • Bunkobon Chart (2008-04-07 – present)
  • Blu-ray Disc Chart (2008-07-07 – present)
  • Music DVD & Blu-ray Disc Chart (2013-10-14 – present)
  • Long Hit Album Catalogue Chart (2001-04-02 – present)
  • Digital Albums Chart (2016-11-14 – present)[9]
  • Digital Singles Chart (2017-12-25 – present)[10]
  • Streaming Chart (2018-12-24 – present)[11]
  • Combined Albums Chart (2018-12-24 – present)[11]
  • Combined Singles Chart (2018-12-24 – present)[11]

Past charts

  • LP Chart (1970-01-05 – 1989-11-27)
  • CT Chart (1974-12-02 – 1978-04-24)
  • Cartridges Chart (1974-12-02 – 1978-04-24)
  • CD Chart (1984-02-06 – 1997-04-21)
  • LD Chart (1984-02-06 – 2000-01-31)
  • Sell-Video Chart (1984-02-06 – 2005-05-30)
  • VHD Chart (1984-02-06 – 1989-11-27)
  • MD Chart (1994)
  • Game Software Chart (1995-02-20 – 2005-11-28)
  • All-Genre Formats Ranking (1984-05-24 – 2001-04-02)
  • New Media Chart (January 2004 – 2005)
  • Tracks Chart (2004-09-06 – 2008-08-31)

Artists' total sales revenue by year

Year Artist
1974 Yōsui Inoue[12]
1975
1976 Yumi Arai[13]
1977 Pink Lady[14][15]
1978
1979 Alice[16]
1980 Yellow Magic Orchestra[17]
1981 Akira Terao[18]
1982 Off Course[19]
1983 Akina Nakamori[20]
1984 Seiko Matsuda[21]
1985 Akina Nakamori[22][23][24]
1986
1987
1988 Hikaru Genji[25]
1989 Yumi Matsutoya
1990 Southern All Stars
1991 B'z
1992 CHAGE and ASKA
1993 ZARD
1994 TRF
1995
1996 Namie Amuro[26]
1997 GLAY[27][28]
1998 B'z[28][29]
1999 Hikaru Utada[30][31]
2000 Ayumi Hamasaki[32][33][33][34]
2001
2002 Hikaru Utada[31][35]
2003 Ayumi Hamasaki[36][37]
2004 Hikaru Utada[38][39]
2005 ORANGE RANGE[40][41]
2006 Kumi Koda[42][43][44][45]
2007
2008 EXILE[46][47]
2009 Arashi[12][48][49]
2010
2011 AKB48[50][51]
2012
2013 Arashi[52][53][54][55][56]
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018 Namie Amuro[57]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "日本音楽スタジオ協会". Japan Association of Professional Recording Studios. Archived from the original on April 1, 2005.
  2. ^ a b "Overview of Oricon.Inc". Oricon Inc. Retrieved March 1, 2007.
  3. ^ "会社概要". Oricon Inc. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  4. ^ "Policy of the Oricon Weekly Charts". oricon.co.jp. Retrieved January 5, 2008.
  5. ^ "Official Site of Oricon Charts". oricon.co.jp.
  6. ^ "会社案内 – tokushin music report". Tokushin Music Report. Archived from the original on January 24, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2008.
  7. ^ Prideaux, Eric (February 8, 2007). "Libel suit attacks free speech: defendant" – via Japan Times Online.
  8. ^ "Abandonment of the claim against a Japanese journalist - Reporters without borders". RSF.
  9. ^ オリコン 新ランキング発表 アルバムDL数を集計…初回首位は宇多田ヒカル (in Japanese). Oricon. November 9, 2016. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  10. ^ オリコン、12月から新ランキング発表へ DL数を楽曲ごとに集計 (in Japanese). Oricon. September 22, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  11. ^ a b c オリコン、合算ランキングおよびストリーミングランキングを12月より開始 (in Japanese). Oricon. August 29, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  12. ^ a b 2010年音楽ソフト市場 嵐、いきものがかりが部門首位 メーカー別ではソニーがV2. Oricon. 14 January 2011 4:00.
  13. ^ コンフィデンス年鑑 1977年版. 31p.
  14. ^ コンフィデンス年鑑 1978年版. 28p.
  15. ^ コンフィデンス年鑑 1979年版. 30p.
  16. ^ オリコン年鑑 1980年版. 30p.
  17. ^ オリコン年鑑 1981年版. 31p.
  18. ^ オリコン年鑑 1982年版. 30p.
  19. ^ オリコン年鑑 1983年版. 27p.
  20. ^ オリコン年鑑 1984年版. 28p.
  21. ^ オリコン年鑑 1985年版. 28p.
  22. ^ オリコン年鑑 1986年版. 345p.
  23. ^ オリコン年鑑 1987年版. 379p.
  24. ^ オリコン年鑑 1988年版. Capital 17p.
  25. ^ オリコン年鑑 1989年版別冊 オリコン・チャート・データ'88. 28p.
  26. ^ オリコン年鑑 1997年版別冊 オリコン・チャート・データ'96. 29p.
  27. ^ オリコン年鑑 1998年版別冊 オリコン・チャート・データ'97. 23p.
  28. ^ a b オリコン、「第35回日本レコードセールス大賞」を発表。. Narinari.com. December 29, 2002.
  29. ^ オリコン年鑑 1999年版別冊 オリコン・チャート・データ'98. 23p.
  30. ^ オリコン年鑑 2000年版別冊 オリコン・チャート・データ'99. 25p.
  31. ^ a b オリコン「第35回日本レコードセールス大賞」発表 Archived February 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Musicman編集部. December 12, 2002.
  32. ^ オリコン年鑑 2001年版別冊 オリコン・チャート・データ2000. 26p.
  33. ^ a b 浜崎あゆみ、CD売り上げ2年連続ナンバーワン. SANSPO.COM. December 14, 2001.
  34. ^ オリコン年鑑 2002年版 データ本. 25p.
  35. ^ オリコン年鑑 2003年版 データ本. 62p.
  36. ^ オリコン年鑑 2004年版 データ本. 60p.
  37. ^ あゆ2年ぶり「セールス大賞」 . スポニチアネックス. December 15, 2003.
  38. ^ オリコン年鑑 2005年版 データ本. 76p.
  39. ^ 倖田來未、年間セールス127億円で初の大賞!. Oricon. 2006-12-21,14:00.
  40. ^ オリコン年鑑 2006年版. 77p.
  41. ^ 2005年 アーティストトータルセールスランキング. Oricon. December 19, 2005.
  42. ^ オリコン年鑑 2007年版. 76p.
  43. ^ 2006年 アーティストトータルセールスランキング大発表!. Oricon. December 21, 2006.
  44. ^ オリコン年鑑 2008年版. 76p.
  45. ^ 2007年 アーティストトータルセールスランキング大発表!. Oricon. December 18, 2007.
  46. ^ オリコン年鑑 2009年版. 100p.
  47. ^ 2008年 アーティストトータルセールスランキング大発表!. Oricon. December 11, 2008.
  48. ^ 2009年 アーティストトータルセールスランキング. Oricon. December 18, 2009.
  49. ^ 2010年 オリコン年間ランキング アーティストトータルセールス. Oricon. December 20, 2010.
  50. ^ 2011年 オリコン年間ランキング アーティストトータルセールス. Oricon. December 19, 2011.
  51. ^ 2012年 オリコン年間ランキング アーティストトータルセールス. Oricon. December 20, 2012.
  52. ^ 2013年 アーティストトータルセールスランキング. Oricon. December 15, 2013.
  53. ^ 2014年 年間音楽&映像ランキング発表. Oricon. December 20, 2014.
  54. ^ 2015年 年間音楽ランキングを発表!.Oricon. December 23, 2015.
  55. ^ 2016年 年間音楽&映像ランキング 嵐が前人未到の記録達成!. Oricon. December 24, 2016.
  56. ^ "【第50回 オリコン年間ランキング 2017】嵐が総合売上5年連続首位、AKB48がシングル年間V8達成!". Oricon. December 23, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  57. ^ 【第51回オリコン年間ランキング 2018】安室奈美恵さんが総合首位、AKB48がシングル9年連続1位・2位独占 (in Japanese). Oricon. December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2018.

External links

AKB48

AKB48 (pronounced A.K.B. Forty-Eight) are a Japanese idol girl group named after the Akihabara (Akiba for short) area in Tokyo, where the group's theater is located. The group includes 134 members as of December 2018, aged from their early teens to their mid-20s. AKB48's producer, Yasushi Akimoto, wanted to form a girl group with its own theater (unlike pop groups performing occasional concerts and seen on television) and performing daily so fans could always see them live. This "idols you can meet" concept includes teams which can rotate performances and perform simultaneously at several events and "handshake" events, where fans can meet group members. Akimoto has expanded the AKB48 concept to several sister groups in China, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Vietnam, with an upcoming group announced for India.

The group is one of the highest-earning musical performers in Japan. In 2012, their sales reached $226 million. AKB48 has been characterized as a social phenomenon. As of June 2018, the group has sold over 56 million records, including over 6 million albums. AKB48 is the highest selling musical act in Japan in terms of singles sold. AKB48's thirty-five latest singles have topped the Oricon Weekly Singles Chart, with thirty singles selling over a million copies each. Their highest selling single, "Teacher Teacher", sold over 3 million in 2018 according to Billboard / Soundscan. In 2010, "Beginner" and "Heavy Rotation" placed first and second, respectively, on the list of Japan's best-selling singles for the year. From 2011 to 2017, AKB48's singles have occupied the top four or five spots of the Oricon Yearly Singles Chart.

Arashi

Arashi (嵐, lit. Storm) are a Japanese boy band consisting of five members formed under the Johnny & Associates talent agency. The members are Ohno Satoshi, Sakurai Sho, Aiba Masaki, Ninomiya Kazunari, and Matsumoto Jun. Arashi officially formed on September 15, 1999, in Honolulu, Hawaii, and made their debut CD on November 3, 1999. The group was initially signed to Pony Canyon and released one studio album and six singles—beginning with their 1999 eponymous debut single before moving to the Johnny's subsidiary label J Storm in 2001, which was initially set up for their succeeding releases. While their debut single sold close to a million copies, the group took a mixture of pop and alternate/contemporary approach to its music which attracted core followers, but subsequently faced commercially slow sales.

With the release of their eighteenth single "Love So Sweet", Arashi began to gain commercial success as "Love So Sweet" was used as the opening theme song for the high-rating drama Hana Yori Dango 2, making it one of the top five best-selling singles of 2007 in Japan and the group's first single to exceed 400,000 copies sold overall in nearly seven years. For the next two years, Arashi gained a number of achievements and records as they became the first artist to place the top two rankings on the Oricon singles yearly chart for two consecutive years with their singles "Truth/Kaze no Mukō e" and "One Love" in 2008 and "Believe/Kumorinochi, Kaisei" and "Ashita no Kioku/Crazy Moon (Kimi wa Muteki)" in 2009, simultaneously topped the 2009 Oricon singles, album and music DVD yearly charts, and became the third artist in Oricon history to monopolize the top three best-selling singles of the year. In 2010, all six of Arashi's singles ranked within the top ten of the Oricon singles yearly chart, and their million-selling studio album Boku no Miteiru Fūkei was named the best-selling album of the year in Japan. As of May 2015, the group had sold over 30 million records and became the second best selling boyband in Asia. Since then, Arashi has continued to release chart-topping singles and albums, perform in sold-out concert tours, host a number of variety shows, and remain an influential figure in Japanese media. On January 27, 2019, Arashi announced that group activities would pause from December 31, 2020.

Ayumi Hamasaki

Ayumi Hamasaki (浜崎あゆみ, Hamasaki Ayumi, born October 2, 1978) is a Japanese recording artist, record producer, actress, model, spokesperson and entrepreneur. Through her entire career, she has written almost all her lyrical content, and has sometimes composed her music.

Born and raised in Fukuoka, Hamasaki moved to Tokyo at fourteen in 1993 to pursue a career in singing and acting. In 1998, under the tutelage of Avex CEO Max Matsuura, Hamasaki released her debut single "Poker Face" and debut major-label album A Song for XX. The album debuted at the top of the Oricon charts and remained there for five weeks, selling over a million copies. Her next ten albums shipped over a million copies in Japan, with her third, Duty, selling nearly three million. A Best, her first compilation album, is her best-selling album, with more than four million copies sold in Japan. Since 2006, after her album Secret was released, album and single sales have declined.Hamasaki has sold over 50 million records, making her the best-selling Japanese solo artist of all time. Hamasaki has several domestic record achievements for her singles, such as the most number-one hits by a female artist (38); the most consecutive number-one hits by a solo artist (twenty-five), and the most million-sellers. From 1999 to 2010, Hamasaki had at least two singles each year topping the charts. Hamasaki is the first female recording artist to have ten studio albums since her debut to top the Oricon and the first artist to have a number-one album for 13 consecutive years since her debut. Hamasaki's second remix album, Super Eurobeat Presents Ayu-ro Mix, is recognized as one of the best selling remix albums of all time and remains her only album to be recognized in a worldwide accreditation.During the height of her career, Hamasaki has been dubbed as the "Empress of J-pop" because of her popularity in Japan and Asia. Following an ear infection in 2000, she has suffered worsening hearing loss and is completely deaf in one ear.

BTS albums discography

South Korean boy group BTS have released six studio albums (one of which was reissued under a different title), four compilation albums and five extended plays.

The group debuted in South Korea on June 13, 2013 with the single album 2 Cool 4 Skool. They made a comeback on September 2013 with an extended play, O!RUL8,2?. In February 2014, BTS released their second extended play, Skool Luv Affair. This marked the first time their album charted on the Billboard World Albums chart, and Japan's Oricon Albums Chart. A repackaged version of the album, Skool Luv Affair Special Addition was released in May 2014.

BTS released their first studio album, Dark & Wild in August 2014. It was their first album to break into the US Top Heatseekers chart. To wrap up 2014, BTS made their Japanese debut in December 2014 with first Japanese studio album Wake Up. All of their Japanese singles—"No More Dream", released on June 4; "Boy in Luv", released on July 16; and "Danger", released on November 19—made it into the top 10 of the Oricon Albums Chart as well as the Japan Hot 100.

The group's third extended play, The Most Beautiful Moment In Life, Part 1, was released in April 2015. BTS made a comeback with their fourth extended play, The Most Beautiful Moment in Life, Part 2, in November 2015. For the first time, the group entered the Billboard 200 at 171 with the EP. It also topped the Billboard Top Heatseekers and World Albums charts for 4 weeks, the most by a South Korean act. Their first compilation album, The Most Beautiful Moment in Life: Young Forever was released in May 2016.

In September 2016, BTS released their second Japanese studio album, entitled Youth, selling over 44,000 copies in its first day of release. It become the group's first studio album to top both the daily and weekly Oricon albums charts. To wrap up 2016, the group released their second studio album, Wings in October 2016. It debuted at 26 on the Billboard 200, making it the highest-ranking Korean album ever on the chart at the time. Its repackage album, You Never Walk Alone, was released in February 2017.

BTS' fifth extended play, Love Yourself: Her, was then released in September 2017. The EP opened at number seven on the US Billboard 200 with 31,000 album-equivalent units, making it the highest-charting K-pop album on the chart and biggest sales week of a K-pop album to date.Their third Japanese studio album, Face Yourself, was released in April 2018. It debuted at number 43 on the Billboard 200 with 12,000 album-equivalent units, making it the third-highest-charting Japanese album in the history of the chart. Just one month later, it became their first Japanese album to be certified Platinum by the RIAJ, selling over 250,000 copies within that time. BTS's third Korean studio album, Love Yourself: Tear, was released on May 18, 2018, and debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, becoming the group's highest-charting album in a Western market, as well as the first K-pop album to top the US albums chart and the highest-charting album by an Asian act. In 2018, the group had the second best total album sales in the US, behind Eminem. In Korea, BTS accounted for 65% of the total albums sold in 2018.

Boy band

A boy band (or boyband) is loosely defined as a vocal group consisting of young male singers, usually in their teenage years or in their twenties at the time of formation, singing love songs marketed towards young women. Being vocal groups, most boy band members do not play musical instruments, either in recording sessions or on stage, making the term something of a misnomer. However, exceptions do exist. Many boy bands dance as well as sing, usually giving highly choreographed performances.

Some such bands form on their own. They can evolve out of church choral or gospel music groups, but are often created by talent managers or record producers who hold auditions. Due to this and their general commercial orientation towards a female audience of preteens, teenyboppers, or teens, the term may be used with negative connotations in music journalism. Boy bands are similar in concept to their counterparts, girl groups. Boy bands' popularity peaked four times: in the 1960s (e.g., The Jackson 5), in the 1990s and early 2000s when acts such as the Backstreet Boys, *NSYNC, A1 and Westlife, among others, dominated the top of the Billboard and pop charts, in the early 2010s with the emergence of new boy bands such as JLS, Big Time Rush and One Direction, and in the late 2010s with pop groups such as BTS and 5 Seconds of Summer.

Girls' Generation

Girls' Generation (Hangul: 소녀시대; RR: Sonyeo Sidae), also known as SNSD, is a South Korean girl group formed by SM Entertainment. The group is composed of eight members: Taeyeon, Sunny, Tiffany, Hyoyeon, Yuri, Sooyoung, Yoona, and Seohyun. Originally a nine-piece group, Jessica later departed from the group in September 2014. Girls' Generation debuted in 2007 with their Korean eponymous debut album. Though the album gained some attention, it was not until 2009 that the group rose to fame with the single "Gee", which claimed the top spot on KBS's Music Bank for a record-breaking nine consecutive weeks and was named the most popular song of the 2000s in South Korea by Melon. Girls' Generation further consolidated their popularity on the South Korean music scene with follow-up singles "Tell Me Your Wish (Genie)", "Oh!", and "Run Devil Run", which were released in mid-2009 and early 2010.

In mid-2010, Girls' Generation signed with Nayutawave Records (present-day EMI Records Japan) to venture into the Japanese music scene. Their 2011 eponymous Japanese debut album peaked atop the Japanese Oricon Albums Chart and became the first album by a non-Japanese girl group to be certified "Million" by the Recording Industry Association of Japan. The group's third Korean studio album The Boys was released in October 2011 and became the best-selling album of 2011 in South Korea with sales of over 380,000 copies. An English version of the single "The Boys" was released by Interscope Records in an attempt to expand the group's endeavor to the global music scene. The group's 2013 fourth Korean studio album I Got a Boy was supported by the single "I Got a Boy", which was subjected to major attention from Western media following its winning the Video of the Year award at the inaugural YouTube Music Awards. Their fifth Korean studio album, Lion Heart, was released in 2015. In 2017, Girls' Generation released their sixth Korean studio album, Holiday Night, to commemorate the group's tenth debut anniversary.

Girls' Generation's signature musical styles are characterized as electropop and bubblegum pop, though their sounds have varied widely, incorporating various genres including hip hop, R&B, and EDM. They have sold over 4.4 million albums and 30 million digital singles as of 2012. The group's immense popularity in their native country South Korea has earned them numerous accolades and the titles "The Nation's Singers" and "The Nation's Girl Group". Girls' Generation is also deemed one of the prominent figures of the Korean Wave and one of the most popular K-pop acts internationally. They are the first Asian girl group to achieve five music videos with over 100 million views on YouTube: "Gee", "I Got a Boy", "The Boys", "Mr. Taxi", and "Oh!". In Japan, they became the first non-Japanese girl group to have three number-one albums on the Japanese Oricon Albums Chart, and their three Japanese concert tours attracted a record-breaking 550,000 spectators, more than any other Korean girl group.

Got7

Got7 (Hangul: 갓세븐) is a South Korean boy band formed by JYP Entertainment. The group is composed of seven members: JB, Mark, Jackson, Jinyoung, Youngjae, BamBam, and Yugyeom. Got7 debuted in January 2014 with the release of their first EP Got It?, which peaked at number two on the Gaon Album Chart and number one on Billboard's World Albums Chart. The group gained attention for their stage performances, which include elements of martial arts tricking.

In late 2014 Got7 signed with Sony Music Entertainment Japan and ventured into the Japanese market to release their debut Japanese-language single "Around the World". They returned to South Korea a month later to release their first full-length studio album Identify, topping the nation's charts. In 2015, Got7 released the EPs Just Right and Mad, which yielded their most commercially successful single, "Just Right". In 2016, they released their first full-length Japanese studio album, Moriagatteyo, debuting at number three on the Oricon Albums Chart. They then went on to release their fifth Korean EP Flight Log: Departure and their second full-length studio album Flight Log: Turbulence, both chart-toppers. In 2017, Got7 released their sixth EP Flight Log: Arrival, featuring the single "Never Ever". The album is the third and final part of the group's Flight Log series and at the time it was their highest selling album with more than 300,000 copies sold. In the same year they also released their seventh EP, 7 for 7, featuring the chart-topping single "You Are". The album also sold over 300,000 copies. Their eighth EP, Eyes On You was released on 12 March 2018, and has sold over 300,000 copies.

Iz One

Iz One ( EYEZ-wun; Korean: 아이즈원, translit. Aijeuwon; Japanese: アイズワン, translit. Aizuwan; stylized as IZ*ONE) is a South Korean-Japanese girl group formed through the Mnet reality competition show Produce 48. The group is composed of twelve members: Kwon Eun-bi, Sakura Miyawaki, Kang Hye-won, Choi Ye-na, Lee Chae-yeon, Kim Chae-won, Kim Min-joo, Nako Yabuki, Hitomi Honda, Jo Yu-ri, Ahn Yu-jin and Jang Won-young.Iz One made their debut on October 29, 2018, with their first extended play Color*Iz. The group is currently managed by Off the Record Entertainment in South Korea and AKS in Japan.

J-pop

J-pop (Japanese: ジェイポップ jeipoppu; often stylized as J-POP; an abbreviation for Japanese pop), natively also known simply as pops (ポップス, poppusu), is a musical genre that entered the musical mainstream of Japan in the 1990s. Modern J-pop has its roots in traditional Japanese music, but significantly in 1960s pop and rock music, such as The Beatles and The Beach Boys, which led to Japanese rock bands such as Happy End fusing rock with Japanese music in the early 1970s. J-pop was further defined by new wave groups in the late 1970s, particularly electronic synth-pop band Yellow Magic Orchestra and pop rock band Southern All Stars.Eventually, J-pop replaced kayōkyoku ("Lyric Singing Music", a term for Japanese pop music from the 1920s to the 1980s) in the Japanese music scene. The term was coined by the Japanese media to distinguish Japanese music from foreign music and now refers to most Japanese popular music. Popular styles of Japanese pop music included technopop during the 1970s–1980s, city pop in the 1980s, and Shibuya-kei in the 1990s.

Koda Kumi

Kumiko Kōda (神田 來未子, Kōda Kumiko, born November 13, 1982), known professionally as Koda Kumi (倖田 來未, Kōda Kumi), is a Japanese singer from Kyoto, known for her urban and R&B songs. After debuting with the single "Take Back" in December 2000, Koda gained fame in March 2003 when the songs from her seventh single, "Real Emotion/1000 no Kotoba", were used as themes for the video game Final Fantasy X-2. Her popularity grew with the release of her fourth studio album Secret (2005), her sixteenth single "Butterfly" (2005), and her first greatest hits album Best: First Things (2005), reaching the number-three, number-two, and number-one spots respectively.Though her early releases presented a conservative, quiet image, since as early as 2003 Koda has adopted a sexier and more provocative style. Because of this image, she has become a fashion leader among young women, setting trends such as the ero-kakkoii style. She has also won many fashion awards such as, the "Best Jeanist Award" and the title of "Nail Queen" yearly since 2006. Since the rise in her popularity, Koda has lent her face and songs to many advertisements. In 2006 and 2007, Oricon named Koda as the top selling artist of the year. Jonathan Ross has called her the Christina Aguilera of Japan, while many also compare her career to that of Britney Spears. Koda has sold more than 15 million physical records in Japan alone, making her the 18th best selling solo Japanese female artist of all time.

Love Live!

Love Live! (Japanese: ラブライブ!, Hepburn: Rabu Raibu!) School Idol Project is a Japanese multimedia project co-developed by ASCII Media Works' Dengeki G's Magazine, music label Lantis, and animation studio Sunrise. The project revolves around a group of nine schoolgirl friends who become idols in order to save their school from shutting down. It launched in the August 2010 issue of Dengeki G's Magazine, and went on to produce music CDs, anime music videos, two manga adaptations, and video games. A 13-episode anime television series produced by Sunrise, directed by Takahiko Kyōgoku, and written by Jukki Hanada aired in Japan between January and March 2013, with a second season airing between April and June 2014. Both anime series and film are licensed in North America, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand by NIS America, MVM Entertainment and Madman Entertainment, respectively. An animated film titled Love Live! The School Idol Movie was distributed by Shochiku and released in June 2015. A follow-up project focusing on a new set of idols, titled Love Live! Sunshine!!, launched in 2015. A second film, Love Live! Sunshine!! The School Idol Movie: Over the Rainbow, was released in Japan on January 4, 2019.

Love Live! Sunshine!!

Love Live! Sunshine!! (ラブライブ! サンシャイン!!, Rabu Raibu! Sanshain!!) is a Japanese multimedia project co-developed by ASCII Media Works' Dengeki G's Magazine, music label Lantis, and animation studio Sunrise. The project is a spin-off of Love Live! and revolves around a group of nine schoolgirls who become idols in order to save their school from shutting down, just like the idol group from the original series. It launched in April 2015 with music CDs and anime music videos, followed by a manga version in 2016. An anime television series was directed by Kazuo Sakai at Sunrise; the first season aired between July and September 2016 while the second season aired between October and December 2017. Both seasons are licensed in North America, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand by Funimation, Anime Limited and Madman Entertainment, respectively. An anime film titled Love Live! Sunshine!! The School Idol Movie: Over the Rainbow was released on January 4, 2019 in Japanese theaters.

Mai Kuraki

Mai Kuraki (倉木 麻衣, Kuraki Mai) (born October 28, 1982 in Funabashi, Chiba) is a Japanese pop and R&B singer-songwriter and producer. Kuraki debuted in 1999 with the single, "Love, Day After Tomorrow". In 2000, she released her debut album, Delicious Way, which debuted at number-one and sold over 2,210,000 copies in its first week. Kuraki is one of a few female artists in Japan to have their first four studio albums to debut at top of the Oricon album chart.In 2009, Kuraki saw a revival in her popularity. Her eighth studio album, Touch Me!, debuted atop the Oricon album charts; becoming her first number-one album in five years. Kuraki holds the record for being the only female artist to have all of her singles consecutively debut in the Top 10 since her debut, and is the 38th best-selling Japanese music artist of all time. To date, Kuraki has seven number-one albums (five originals and two compilations) and two number-one singles.

Namie Amuro

Namie Amuro (安室奈美恵, Amuro Namie, born September 20, 1977) is a Japanese recording artist, producer, songwriter, dancer, model, actress and entrepreneur. A leading figure of the Japanese entertainment industry since the early 90s, Amuro is known for breaking the youthful idol stereotype of J-Pop, her experimentation across music styles, and for her visual imagery in music videos and live performances. Due to her career longevity, resilience, professionalism, efforts behind-the-scenes in the music industry, and lifestyle, she is a pop culture icon in Japan and Asia. She has been referred to as "the diva of the Heisei era" and the "Queen of Japanese Pop", and has been recognized as having the influence and career impact domestically as artists such as Janet Jackson and Madonna in Western music and pop culture.Born in Naha, Okinawa, Japan, Amuro debuted as the lead singer of the idol group Super Monkey's when she was 14 years old. Despite early sales disappointments, she ventured into modeling and acting, attracting domestic attention with the group's best-selling single "Try Me (Watashi o Shinjite)". She signed to Avex Trax in 1995 and debuted as a solo artist with "Body Feels Exit". After two albums, Sweet 19 Blues (1996) and Concentration 20 (1997), selling over a million copies each, Amuro released her hit single "Can You Celebrate?", which remains the best-selling single by a solo female artist in Japanese music history. From 1999, Amuro partnered with international musicians and producers on her records, beginning with Genius 2000 (2000).

In the early 2000s, Amuro's music evolved from pop to R&B, and Amuro saw a decline in sales. Play (2007), her eighth studio album, heralded a period of commercial resurgence. She continued to experiment musically, moving to electronic dance music and English language songs with follow-up records Uncontrolled (2012) and Feel (2013). She subsequently released her eleventh studio album, Genic (2015) and a compilation album, Finally (2017).Amuro is noted within the Japanese entertainment industry, and the wider Western music industry, for "producing" and managing her own career. Aside from music, she has appeared in various advertisement campaigns in Japan and founded her own management company, Stella88, and her own record label, Dimension Point.

Having sold more than 36 million records in Japan, Amuro is recognized as one of the best-selling artists in Japan by Oricon,with her debut solo album, Sweet 19 Blues, being the eighth best-selling album of all time in Japan by a domestic artist. Amuro has frequently been noted for her live performances at music award ceremonies and she is the recipient of World Music Awards, Japan Record Awards, and Japan Gold Disc Awards, among many others.

On September 16, 2018, Amuro officially retired from music and the entertainment business.

Orange Range

Orange Range (オレンジレンジ, Orenji Renji) is a 5-member Japanese rock band, based in Okinawa, Japan. Formed in 2001, the band began with Spice Music and later signed with Sony Music Japan's gr8! records division in 2003. The band left gr8! records in 2010 to start their own label, Super Echo.

Oricon Albums Chart

The Oricon Albums Chart is the Japanese music industry standard albums popularity chart issued daily, weekly, monthly and yearly by Oricon. Established on October 5, 1987, the chart rankings are based on physical albums' sales. Oricon did not include download sales up until its establishment of the Digital Albums Chart on November 19, 2016.Charts are published every Tuesday in Oricon Style and on Oricon’s official website. Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. For example, the debut single of NEWS, a pop group, was released only through 7-Eleven stores, which are not covered by Oricon, and its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon’s rankings of record sales are therefore not completely accurate. Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops.

Oricon Singles Chart

The Oricon Singles Chart is the Japanese music industry standard singles popularity chart issued daily, weekly, monthly and yearly by Oricon. Chart rankings are based on physical singles' sales. Oricon does not include download sales. In Japan, physical sales decreased sharply in the 2000s, while download sales hit three to four times the amount of single sales.Original Confidence Inc., the original Oricon company, was founded by the former Snow Brand Milk Products promoter Sōkō Koike in 1967. That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental basis.

Entitled Sōgō Geinō Shijō Chōsa (総合芸能市場調査, Surveys of total entertainment markets), it went official on January 4, 1968.Charts are published every Tuesday in Oricon Style and on Oricon’s official website. Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. For example, the debut single of NEWS, a pop group, was released only through 7-Eleven stores, which are not covered by Oricon, and its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon’s rankings of record sales are therefore not completely accurate. Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops.The first number-one song on the Oricon Singles Chart was "Kitaguni no Futari (In a Lonesome City)" by Jackey Yoshikawa and his Blue Comets on November 2, 1967.

TVXQ

TVXQ (stylized as TVXQ!), an initialism for Tong Vfang Xien Qi (Chinese: 東方神起), is a South Korean pop duo consisting of U-Know Yunho and Max Changmin. They are known as Tohoshinki (東方神起, Tōhōshinki) in Japanese releases, and are sometimes referred to as DBSK, an abbreviation of their Korean name Dong Bang Shin Ki (Hangul: 동방신기). Their name roughly translates to "Rising Gods of the East".Formed by S.M. Entertainment in 2003, TVXQ began as a five-member boy band composed of members U-Know Yunho, Max Changmin, Hero Jaejoong, Micky Yoochun, and Xiah Junsu. They were immediately launched to mainstream recognition following the release of their first physical single "Hug" (2004), which peaked at number four on the MIAK monthly music chart. Their first studio albums Tri-Angle (2004) and Rising Sun (2005) were both top sellers, pushing the band's popularity beyond Korea. Under Avex, TVXQ entered the Japanese market with their first Japanese album Heart, Mind and Soul (2006), but it was met with limited success.

TVXQ rose to international prominence in the late 2000s, after the group achieved critical acclaim in the Korean music industry for their best-selling albums "O"-Jung.Ban.Hap. (2006) and Mirotic (2008), both winning the Golden Disk Award for Album of the Year. The latter album also contains the pop hit "Mirotic", touted by international music critics as a staple song of K-pop. With four chart-topping singles, TVXQ gained widespread media attention in Japan following the release of their fourth Japanese album The Secret Code (2009). However, despite their commercial success, the group plunged into legal turmoil and internal conflict when members Jaejoong, Yoochun, and Junsu attempted to split from their Korean agency S.M. Entertainment. Prior to the trio's departure in 2010, TVXQ released their last Japanese album as a quintet, Best Selection 2010, which became the group's first album to top the Oricon Albums Chart. The album spawned two platinum-selling singles, including the long-running hit "Share the World".

After a year-long hiatus, TVXQ returned as a duo with remaining members Yunho and Changmin. They released TVXQ's fifth Korean album Keep Your Head Down (2011), topping album charts in most major Asian markets upon release. Their first two Japanese albums as a duo, Tone (2011) and Time (2013), solidified their success in Japan as it forged TVXQ's reputation as one of the top-touring artists in the country. Their eighth Japanese album With (2014) made TVXQ the first and only foreign music act in Japan to have four number-one albums in a row.

Selling over 10 million physical records in the first 10 years of their career, TVXQ have become one of Asia's most successful music acts of their generation. They are often referred to as "Asia's Stars" and the "Kings of K-pop" for their immense success and contributions to the Hallyu. According to the Oricon, TVXQ have the most number-one singles for a foreign artist in Japan, and are also Japan's best-selling foreign artist in CD singles of all time. Their Time Tour, one of the highest-grossing concert tours of 2013, broke attendance records for foreign singers in Japan until 2017, when TVXQ broke that same record with their Begin Again Tour. TVXQ are the first non-Japanese Asian artists to headline a nationwide five-Dome tour and the first foreign artists to headline the Nissan Stadium. Billboard has described the group as "K-pop royalty".

Utada Hikaru

Utada Hikaru (宇多田 ヒカル, born January 19, 1983), who has also gone by Hikaru Utada and the mononym Utada (English: ), is a Japanese-American singer-songwriter and producer. Born in the United States to Japanese parents, record producer Utada Teruzane and enka singer Keiko Fuji, Utada began to write music and lyrics at an early age and often traveled to Tokyo, as a result of her father's job. Eventually, a recording contract with Toshiba-EMI was signed and, under the stage name "Cubic U", Utada released her English-language début album Precious in early 1998, but was a commercial failure. In the following year, heavily influenced by R&B and dance-pop, her Japanese-language début First Love was released and became an instant success. Backed by the massive success of singles "Automatic", "Time Will Tell" and "Movin' On Without You", the album sold two million copies in its first week in Japan, topped the Oricon charts for six non-consecutive weeks and went on to sell six million more throughout the rest of 1999. First Love eventually became the country's best-selling album of all time.

Her following album Distance was released in early 2001 and spawned Utada's biggest hit singles —"Addicted to You", "Wait & See (Risk)" and "Can You Keep a Secret?"—, which became million-sellers. The album was commercially successful and broke several sales records after three million copies were sold in its first week of availability in Japan, instantly becoming the country's fastest-selling album. In 2002, backed by chart-topping singles such as "Traveling", "Hikari" and "Sakura Drops", Deep River, which incorporates elements of pop folk, was released and went on to become one of Japan's top-selling records of all-time. Subsequent full-length releases —Exodus, Ultra Blue and Heart Station— achieved million-selling status certified by the Recording Industry Association of Japan. After a prolonged hiatus, Utada released acoustic-driven Fantôme and Hatsukoi, which reached number-one album on the Oricon charts.

By the end of the 2000s, Utada was deemed "the most influential artist of the decade" in the Japanese music landscape by The Japan Times. Utada's commercial success has made her one of Japan's top-selling recording artists of all time with over fifty-two million records sold since launching her career in the late 1990s. Twelve of her singles have reached number-one on the Oricon Singles Chart, while ten of her albums have become chart-toppers. Six of her full-length releases are among the country's highest-selling albums of all time; including First Love, Distance and Deep River, which are among the top ten best-selling records of Japan's music history. Additionally, Utada is best known by international audiences for writing and producing four theme-song contributions to Square Enix and Disney's collaborative video game series Kingdom Hearts: "Simple and Clean", "Sanctuary", "Don't Think Twice" and "Face My Fears".

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