Orestias (Greek: Ὀρεστιάς) was an ancient Greek settlement next to the Maritsa (or Evros) river, near or at the site of present-day Edirne, and close to the current border between Turkey and Greece.[1]

Legends claim that Orestias was founded by Orestes, the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.[1] Orestias or Orestia is thought to have been the same town as Uscudama (other variants: Uskudama, Uskadama, Uskodama) or Odrysa (other variants: Odrysia, Odrysos, Odrysus) which was the first Odrysian capital.[2] Orestias took its name by the Greeks, at least from the time Philip II of Macedon took over the town. The Roman emperor Hadrian expanded the town into a city, gave it a strong fortification and renamed it to Hadrianopolis. However the name Orestias for the city of Hadrian, was still used by many writers at the Byzantine era, along with Adrianoupolis.[1][3][4] During the Ottoman period the name of Adrianou(polis) was paraphrased by the Turks and eventually became Edirne.

In 1920 when the Greeks took over most of Eastern Thrace including Edirne, they restored the city's Roman name (Adrianoupolis) and not its old Greek name (Orestias), which was given to its suburb Karaağaç, in remembrance of the ancient Thracian town.

Orestiada (or Nea Orestias or New Orestias) is a modern Greek town founded in 1923 on a site 17 km to the south of Orestias, to house Greek refugees who had to abandon the latter border town, which was given to Turkey (along with two villages) by the Treaty of Lausanne.


  1. ^ a b c Anthon, Charles (1842). A Classical Dictionary, containing an account of the principal proper names mentioned in ancient authors. New York: Harper and Brothers.
  2. ^ Duridanov, Ivan. The Language of the Thracians
  3. ^ Smith, William (1854). HADRIANO´POLIS. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London.
  4. ^ Mannert, Konrad (1812). Geographie der Griechen und Römer, Band 7. Nuremberg.
A.C. Orestias

A.C. Orestias (full name Athletic Club of Orestias/ Greek: Αθλητικός Όμιλος Ορεστιάδας) is a Greek volleyball club based in Orestias. It was founded in 1970 and it has important presence in the Greek volleyball championship. Orestias was tree times the finalist of the championship and one time the finalist of the Greek cup. Nevertheless the most important moment was the presence of the club in the final of the CEV Challenge Cup, in 1995.

Antonios Tsakiropoulos

Antonios Tsakiropoulos (born (1969-07-01)1 July 1969) is a former Greek male volleyball player. He was part of the Greece men's national volleyball team. He competed with the national team at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. He played for Olympiacos from 1995 to 2007.

Dimitrios Gkaras

Dimitrios Gkaras (born (1985-11-12)12 November 1985) is a Greek male volleyball player. He is part of the Greece men's national volleyball team. On club level he plays for AEK.

Homonym (biology)

In biology, a homonym is a name for a taxon that is identical in spelling to another such name, that belongs to a different taxon.

The rule in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature is that the first such name to be published is the senior homonym and is to be used (it is "valid"); any others are junior homonyms and must be replaced with new names. It is, however, possible that if a senior homonym is archaic, and not in "prevailing usage," it may be declared a nomen oblitum and rendered unavailable, while the junior homonym is preserved as a nomen protectum.

For example:

Cuvier proposed the genus Echidna in 1797 for the spiny anteater.

However, Forster had already published the name Echidna in 1777 for a genus of moray eels.

Forster's use thus has priority, with Cuvier's being a junior homonym.

Illiger published the replacement name Tachyglossus in 1811.Similarly, the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) specifies that the first published of two or more homonyms is to be used: a later homonym is "illegitimate" and is not to be used unless conserved (or sanctioned, in the case of fungi).

Example: the later homonym Myroxylon L.f. (1782), in the family Leguminosae, is conserved against the earlier homonym Myroxylon J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (1775) (now called Xylosma, in the family Salicaceae).

Jorge Elgueta

Jorge Elgueta (born (1969-11-21)21 November 1969) is a former Argentine male volleyball player. He was part of the Argentina men's national volleyball team. He competed with the national team at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. He played with Espi Pòrtol in 2004.

Konstantinos Stivachtis

Konstantinos Stivachtis (born (1980-05-22)22 May 1980) is a Greek male volleyball player. He is part of the Greece men's national volleyball team. On club level he plays for Olympiacos.

Mitar Tzourits

Mitar Tzourits (born (1989-04-25)25 April 1989) or Mitar Djuric is a Greek male volleyball player of Serbian ethnicity. He competed at the 2011 FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship with Trentino Volley.

Opostega orestias

Opostega orestias is a moth of the family Opostegidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1880. It is known from Queensland, Australia.


Orestiada (Greek: Ορεστιάδα, formerly Νέα Ὀρεστιάς, Nea Orestiás), is the northeasternmost and northernmost city of Greece and the second largest town of the Evros regional unit of Thrace. The population is around 20,000.

Orestias (fish)

Orestias is a genus of pupfish. Older systematics classified them into the own family Orestiidae. They are found in lakes, rivers and springs in the Andean highlands of South America, and several species are considered threatened. Depending on exact species, they feed on small crustaceans (such as amphipods and cladocera), insect larvae (such as chironomids), snails, small fish and algae. The largest species can reach a length of 27 cm (11 in), but most remain far smaller. Their most characteristic feature is the absence of the ventral fin.

Several species are colloquially known as carache.

Orestias chungarensis

Orestias chungarensis is a species of fish in the family Cyprinodontidae. It is endemic to Lake Chungara in Chile.

Orestias elegans (fish)

Orestias elegans is a genus of pupfish. The type locality are small lakes among headwaters of Río Rimac, in Peru. It is part of the Agassii species complex.

Orestias elegans (plant)

Orestias elegans is a genus of orchids. It is found in São Tomé, Príncipe. It is the type species of its genus.

Orestias laucaensis

Orestias laucaensis is a species of fish in the family Cyprinodontidae. It is endemic to Chile.

Orestias parinacotensis

Orestias parinacotensis is a species of fish in the family Cyprinodontidae. It is endemic to Chile.

Plamen Konstantinov

Plamen Georgiev Konstantinov (Bulgarian: Пламен Георгиев Константинов; born 14 June 1973) is a former Bulgarian volleyball player, a member of Bulgaria men's national volleyball team, head coach of Lokomotiv Novosibirsk and former head coach of Bulgaria men's national volleyball team.,

Santiago Darraidou

Santiago Pedro Darraidou (born November 24, 1980 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine volleyball player. Darraidou is 194 cm and weighs 96 kg. He speaks Spanish, English and Italian.

Theodoros Bozidis

Theodoros Bozidis (born (1973-04-08)8 April 1973) is a retired Greek male volleyball player. He was part of the Greece men's national volleyball team at the 2002 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship in Argentina.

Titicaca orestias

The Titicaca orestias, Lake Titicaca orestias, or Lake Titicaca flat-headed fish (Orestias cuvieri), also known by its native name amanto, is a likely extinct freshwater killifish from Lake Titicaca in South America. It belongs in the pupfish genus Orestias, endemic to Altiplano lakes in the Andes. With a total length of up to 27 cm (11 in), it was the largest member in that genus. In the hope that an undiscovered population remains, it is listed as Data Deficient by the IUCN. Despite its common name, it is not the only Orestias from Lake Titicaca.

Its mouth was nearly turned upwards, thereby giving the flat head a concave shape. The head took up nearly a third of the whole body length. The upperside was greenish-yellow to umber. The lower jaw was black. Its scales were oddly light coloured at their centre. The scales of the young were blotched.

The Titicaca orestias became extinct due to competition by introduced trout like the lake trout, brown trout, or the rainbow trout as well as Argentinian silverside from the 1930s to the 1950s. A survey in 1962 failed to find any Titicaca orestias.

Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia

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