Orest Kiprensky

Orest Adamovich Kiprensky (Russian: Орест Адамович Кипренский 24 March [O.S. 13 March] 1782-17 October [O.S. 5 October] 1836) was a leading Russian portraitist in the Age of Romanticism. His most familiar work is probably his portrait of Alexander Pushkin (1827), which prompted the poet to remark that "the mirror flatters me".

Orest Kiprensky
Kiprensky self
Self Portrait, 1828
Born
Orest Adamovich Kiprensky

March 24, 1782
DiedOctober 17, 1836 (aged 54)
NationalityRussian
EducationMember Academy of Arts (1812)
Alma materImperial Academy of Arts (1803)
Known forPainting
Notable work
Prince Dmitry Donskoy after the Battle of Kulikovo (1805)
Portrait of the Princess A. V. Scherbatova (1808)
Portrait of Vasily Zhukovsky (1815)
Portrait of Sergey Uvarov (1815)
MovementRomantism
Awards(1805)

Biography

Orest was born in the village of Koporye near Saint Petersburg on 24 March [O.S. 13 March] 1782. He was an illegitimate son of a landowner Alexey Dyakonov, hence his name, derived from Kypris, one of the Greek names for the goddess of love. He was raised in the family of Adam Shvalber, a serf. Although Kiprensky was born a serf, he was released from the serfdom upon his birth and later his father helped him to enter a boarding school at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg in 1788 (when Orest was only six years old).

He studied at the boarding school and the Academy itself until 1803. He lived at the Academy for three more years as a pensioner to fulfill requirements necessary to win the Major Gold medal. Winning the first prize for his work Prince Dmitri Donskoi after the Battle of Kulikovo (1805) enabled the young artist to go abroad to study art in Europe.

A year before his graduation, in 1804, he painted the portrait of Adam Shvalber, his foster father (1804), which was a great success. The portrait so impressed his contemporaries, that later members of the Naples Academy of Arts took it for the painting by some Old MasterRubens or van Dyck. Kiprensky had to ask the members of the Imperial Academy of Arts for letters supporting his authorship.

After that, Kiprensky lived in Moscow (1809), Tver 1811, Saint Petersburg 1812, in 1816–1822 he lived in Rome and Napoli. In Italy he met a local girl Anna Maria Falcucci (Mariucci), to whom he became attached. He bought her from her dissolute family and employed as his ward. On leaving Italy, he sent her to a Roman Catholic convent.

In 1828, Kiprensky came back to Italy, as he got a letter from his friend Samuel Halberg, informing him that they had lost track of Mariucci. Kiprensky found Mariucci, who had been transferred to another convent. In 1836 he eventually married her. He had to convert into Roman Catholicism from Russian Orthodoxy for this marriage to happen. He died by pneumonia in Rome later that year. He is buried in the church of Sant'Andrea delle Fratte.

Paintings

Kiprensky shvabler

Portrait of Adam Shvabler, Orest's foster father, 1804

Orest Kiprensky 019

Portrait of Prince P. P. Scherbatov, 1808

Orest Kiprensky 009.jpeg

Portrait of Countess Ye. P. Rostopchina, 1809

Kiprensky Davydov

Portrait of Yevgraf Davydov, 1809

Orest Kiprensky 007.jpeg

Portrait of Pyotr Olenin, 1813

Orest Kiprensky 044

Portrait of A. P. Bakunin, 1813

Uvarov the elder

Portrait of Sergey Uvarov, 1815

Batjuskov giallo

Portrait of Konstantin Batyushkov, 1815

Zhukovsky 1815

Portrait of Vasily Zhukovsky, 1815

Orest Kiprensky 004

Young Gardener, 1817

Orest Kiprensky 003

Portrait of Ekaterina Avdulina, 1822

Orest Kiprensky 025

Portrait of Prince N. P. Trubetzkoy, 1826

Orest Kiprensky 029

Portrait of O. A. Ryumina, 1826

Poor Liza

Орест Кипренский, "Бедная Лиза", 1827

Kiprensky Pushkin

Portrait of Alexander Pushkin, 1827

Kiprensky Torvaldsen

Portrait of Bertel Thorvaldsen, 1833

External links

1782 in art

Events from the year 1782 in art.

1804 in art

The year 1804 in art involved some significant artistic events and new works.

1805 in art

Events in the year 1805 in Art.

1809 in art

Events in the year 1809 in Art.

1815 in art

Events in the year 1815 in Art.

1817 in art

Events in the year 1817 in Art.

1822 in art

Events in the year 1822 in Art.

1826 in art

Events in the year 1826 in Art.

1827 in art

Events in the year 1827 in Art.

1828 in art

Events in the year 1828 in Art.

1833 in art

Events from the year 1833 in art.

1836 in art

Events from the year 1836 in art.

Angelo Toselli

Angelo Toselli (c.1765, in Bologna – 1827?), Italian artist, architect, scenographer, and vedutista.

In 1816 in Rome (?) was teaching the art of perspective to Orest Kiprensky who just arrived into Italy at the time. Kiprensky in his letters to Russia asked to take care of his mentor as he is a good human being.

While in Rome Toselli created a stage designs for The Barber of Seville by Gioachino Rossini premiered under the title Almaviva, o sia L'inutile precauzione at the Teatro Argentina 20 February 1816.

In 1816 was invited by the administration of the Imperial Theatres to come to Saint Petersburg. He arrived to Russian capital in 1816 or 1817. Worked mostly at the Bolshoi Theatre creating (alongside with artists Canoppi and Kondratiev) decorations for the ballet productions by Charles Didelot, including A Hunting Adventure (1818), Laura and Henry or The Troubadour (1819, new scenery for the last act), Ken-si and Tao or Beauty and the Beast (1819).

In 1817-1820 he created his most famous work, Panorama of Saint Petersburg as seen from Kunstkamera tower (watercolor, gouache, 0,51 х 6,56 m., collection of the Hermitage Museum). Intended to be shown as a single unit, later it was cut into 6 separate sheets. In 1991 Khudozhnik RSFSR published an album with reproductions of this work.His another panoramic painting Scenography of Jerusalem and the surrounding holy places was demonstrated in an enfilade of Lobanov-Rostovsky Palace, new-built commercial residence on Saint Isaac's Square with an entrance fee of 5 roubles. Pavel Svinyin witnessed that ″This spectacle is very much like a theatrical stage, but incomparably more lively″. To achieve that Toselly used staffage and some other tricks : thus, the image of the Pool of Siloam was accompanied by sounds of water.

Drawings by Angelo Toselli alongside with drawings by Pietro Gonzaga were used for decoration the concrete walls of the private Museum for Architectural Drawing in Berlin (arch. Sergei Tchoban and Sergey Kuznetsov, 2013).

Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy

Count Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy (Russian: Фёдор Петрович Толстой; 21 February 1783 – 25 April 1873) was a Russian artist who served as Vice-President of the Imperial Academy of Arts for forty years (1828–1868). His works — wax-reliefs, watercolours, medallions, and silhouettes — are distinguished by a cool detachment and spare and economical classicism.

Fyodor Tolstoy came from the Tolstoy family. His father Count Pyotr Andreyevich Tolstoy, governed a ministry of war supplies. Tolstoy early began to paint under the direction of his mother, Elizabeth Barbot-de-Marni. His first drawings, which are now stored in the Tretyakov Gallery, were made when he was 4 years old. At the age of nine he went to the foster care of his rich and influential cousin, Count Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy.

A year later, Fyodor entered the Jesuit College in Polotsk. Here, he studied painting, as well as the sciences. Upon his accession to the throne, Emperor Paul I summoned Pyotr Tolstoy to Saint Petersburg, and Fyodor Petrovich returned to his parents. At the same time, his father was fired, and the family's circumstances deteriorated.

From June 1798 to June 1802, Fyodor Petrovich was educated in the Naval Cadet Corps. After finishing, he continued his education under the direction of famous scientists. He studied mathematics, astronomy, political economy, zoology, archaeology and numismatics. He also frequented the riding academy, and became a dashing horseman.

In this time, without any supervision, he painted still lives, portraits and landscapes. After his father showed him a cameo depicting Napoleon, he started to learn the art of the medallist. Tolstoy visited the Imperial Academy of Arts' classes of plastic arts. One of his teachers was the most fashionable Russian portraitist of the time, Orest Kiprensky.

In 1804, Fyodor Tolstoy was appointed an adjutant of Admiral Pavel Chichagov, and was forced to retire. From 1806 he worked in the Hermitage Museum. In 1806, he painted the Confidence of Alexander of Macedon to doctor Philippos, the Judgement of Paris, the Labours of Hercules, etc. For his wax bas-relief the Triumphal entrance of Alexander of Macedon into Babylon (1809, now in the Hermitage Museum), Tolstoy was elected an honorable member of the Academy of Arts.

Starting 23 September 1810 he worked in the Department of the Mint and became the founder of medal working in Russia. After the battle of Leipzig, he began a series of twenty-four medallions, devoted to the major battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Tolstoy's medallions acquired wide reputation not only in Russia, but also abroad. He was elected a member of almost all the European academies of fine arts. In 1861, he made his last medal, dedicated to the emancipation of the serfs.

From 1820 to 1833, he employed the Neoclassical technique of "raw sketch," or refined outline drawings without shading and hatchwork, to execute 63 illustrations for the Dushenka of Ippolit Bogdanovich. As regards painting, Tolstoy specialized in interior scenes, full of symmetrical lines and Neoclassical statuary. His Family Portrait (1830) "betrays a Romantic fascination with both psychological detail and tricks of lighting, perspective, and frames".In 1816, he became involved in freemasonry, eventually participating in the organization of the so-called "Lancasterian schools," designed to propagate literacy. Although he was close to the founding fathers of the Decembrist societies, Tolstoy did not participate in their unsuccessful revolt. In 1826, he wrote two treatises for Nicholas I, About the moral state of troops of Russia and About the state of the Russian Empire in connection to its internal organization, in which he proposed a series of legislative, social and tax reforms.

In 1838, Tolstoy composed the ballet The Aeolian Harp. He wrote the libretto, carried out sketches for costumes, and, in more than sixty pictures, determined the choreography. In 1842, he composed a second ballet, based on Greek myth, Echo. Unfortunately, neither of them was mounted.

In 1843 his daughter Ekatarina Federovna Tolstoya was born. She would become a painter and marry Professor Eduard Junge.Pushkin, who regarded Tolstoy as the finest of contemporary Russian artists, referred to him, not surprisingly, in his novel Eugene Onegin. In an 1825 letter to his brother, Pushkin asked him to procure a vignette for the new edition of his poems: "What about having it done by Tolstoy's magic brush? No - too expensive, but how terrifically sweet" (the last line is taken from Ivan Dmitriev's fable "The Fashionable Woman").

Grigory Ugryumov

Grigory Ivanovich Ugrymov (Russian: Григорий Иванович Угрюмов; 11 May 1764 in Moscow – 28 March 1823 in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian portrait and history painter in the Classical style.

Koporye

Koporye (Russian: Копорье; Finnish: Kaprio; Swedish: Koporje) is a historic village (selo) in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located about 100 km (62 mi) to the west of St. Petersburg and 12 km (7.5 mi) south of the Koporye Bay of the Baltic Sea. It contains some of the most impressive medieval ruins in Russia.

The first wooden fortress on the coast of the Koporye Bay was built by the Teutonic Knights in 1240, only to be destroyed by Alexander Nevsky the next year. The second fortress was built in stone by Alexander's son Dmitry Alexandrovich in 1280. Enraged by the prince's independence, the Novgorodians razed the fortress two years later.

The Swedes took advantage of the lack of a fortress and occupied the banks of the Narova river. The Novgorodians had to restore the stone fort in 1297. Koporye was the strongest stronghold in the region and survived numerous attacks during the Swedish-Novgorodian Wars.

After Novgorod's incorporation into Muscovy, the fortress was strengthened and rebuilt to withstand cannon fire. Most extant structures belong to that period. Russian forces surrendered Koporye during the Livonian War but regained it under the Treaty of Tyavzino.

During the Time of Troubles Koporye was attacked by 2,500 Swedes, ten times more than the defenders. The Russian garrison had to surrender, and Koporye remained Swedish until 1703, known as Koporje or Caporie/Capurien, a residential town of the län of Caporie, constituting an important part of Swedish Ingria.

As the Gulf of Finland grew shallow and receded to the north, the site began to lose its maritime importance. In 1703, during the Great Northern War, a major Russian army under Boris Sheremetev regained Koporye, which was defended by 80 Swedish soldiers under the commandant, Captain Wasili Apolloff. Huge gaps in the walls from the disastrous fire of the Russian artillery may still be seen.

Despite some repairs undertaken in the 19th century, the fortress survives in a ruined state. The 15th century Church of the Transfiguration within the fortress is also in ruins.

The painter Orest Kiprensky was a native of Koporye.

List of 19th-century Russian painters

This is a list of 19th-century Russian painters.

Abram Arkhipov, 1862–1930

Ivan Aivazovsky, 1817–1900

Nikolai Bogdanov-Belsky, 1868–1945

Alexander Golovin 1863–1930

Pavel Fedotov, 1815–1852

Nikolai Ge, 1831–1894

Alexander Ivanov 1806–1858

Vasily Kamensky 1866–1944

Nikolai Kasatkin 1859–1930

Orest Kiprensky 1782–1836

Konstantin Korovin 1861–1939

Alexei Korzukhin 1835–1894

Nikolay Koshelev 1840–1918

Evgraf Fedorovich Krendovsky, 1810–1870

Eugene Lanceray 1875–1946

Klavdiy Lebedev 1852–1916

Mikhail Lebedev 1811–1837

Anton Legashov 1798–1865

Dmitry Levitsky 1735–1822

Konstantin Makovsky 1839–1915

Nikolay Makovsky 1841–1886

Vladimir Makovsky 1846–1920

Vassily Maximov 1844–1911

Grigoriy Myasoyedov 1834–1911

Mikhail Nesterov 1862–1942

Nikolai Nevrev 1830–1904

Ilya Ostroukhov 1858–1929

Vasily Perov 1834–1882

Vasily Polenov 1844–1927

Yelena Polenova 1850–1898

Illarion Pryanishnikov 1840–1894

Vasili Pukirev 1832–1890

Ilya Repin 1844–1930

Fyodor Rokotov 1736–1808

Andrei Ryabushkin 1861–1904

Konstantin Savitsky 1844–1905

Alexei Savrasov 1830–1897

Valentin Serov 1865–1911

Silvestr Schchedrin 1791–1830

Semion Shchedrin 1745–1804

Ivan Tarkhanov 1780–1848

Fyodor Tolstoy 1783–1873

Vasily Tropinin 1776–1856

Fyodor Vasilyev 1850–1873

Apollinary Vasnetsov 1856–1933

Viktor Vasnetsov 1848–1926

Vasily Vereshchagin 1842–1904

Konstantin Yuon 1875–1958

List of Russian artworks in the National Museum of Serbia

The Russian art collection in National Museum of Serbia has 90 paintings,and numerous prints,etchings and was mostly donated by Prince Paul of Yugoslavia. The Collection also has over 100 icons from the 15th to 19th century. The collection includes work by painters and sculptors such as Ivan Aivazovsky, Marc Chagall, Wassily Kandinsky, Nicholas Roerich, Ilya Repin, Filipp Malyavin, Alexei Harlamov, Mikhail Larionov, Boris Grigoriev, Vladimir Borovikovsky, Pavel Kuznetsov, Konstantin Korovin, Kazimir Malevich, Alexandre Benois, El Lissitzky, Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Alexander Nikolayevich Samokhvalov, Pyotr Nilus etc.

Orest Kiprensky, Portrait of Emperor's Son (canvas)

Ivan Aivazovsky, On the Black Sea Coast (canvas 90x130cm) and Sunset

Nicholas Roerich (5 canvases and 2 temperas), Berendej Village (canvas 1919), Holy Guests (canvas 82×153), Church Bells Tolling, Burgustan on Caucassus, St. Sergey Monastery, Costume Snjegurochka Draft I , Costume Snjegurochka Draft II

Wassily Kandinsky, Binc on Rugen, Violet (lithograph) and Orange (lithograph)

Ilya Repin, (4 canvases and 1 aquarel) Nikolai Kuznetcov Portrait, Mikhail Glinka Portrait, Peasant Woman, Woman dressed traditionally, Hotkovo (aquarel), Self Portrait (pen)..

Konstantin Makovsky, Portrait of Prince Nikolai Michailovich (canvas 107×73 cm), Portrait of Man, In Front of Painting, Portrait of Lady

Vladimir Borovikovsky, Portrait of Karageorge (1816)

Marie Bashkirtseff, Prince Bozidar Karadjordjevic Portrait

Vladimir Lebedev (painter), Emperor Pray (watercolor)

Unknown Russian 18th century, Portrait of Peter the Great

Ivan Pohitonov, Small Swamp, Landscape with Bathers

Marc Chagall ,(1 canvas,9 graphics) Old man and cow (guache), Moses Throwing the Tablets (etching), Fantastic Composition (pencil), Jew with Trunk (ink), Yakov and Isac (etching), Moses in the Desert (etching), Mann with Book (etching), Girl with Flowers (lithography) and Self Portrait (etching)

Alexei Harlamov, Portrait of Girl , Girl with the Blue Vail , Portrit of Redhead Girl ,

Filipp Malyavin, Portrait of Father , Portrait of Maria Karadjordjevic

Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Sketch for Evgenie Onegin (aquarel),English Bay in St.Petersburg (canvas)

Boris Grigoriev, Landscape in Bretagna

Konstantin Korovin, Parisisan Boulevard Cafe, Parisisan Boulevard by Night, Monte Carlo

Nikolay Bogdanov-Belsky, Visiting teacher

Zinaida Serebriakova, Street in Versay (canvas 1926)

Vladimir Sosnovsky , Waves , Sailship in the Sea

Mikhail Larionov, Still Life

Alexander Beggrov, Treport in Normandy

Nikolay Kuznetzov, Ludmila Tolstoy Portrait, Portrait of Young Man in black coat,Landscape

Alexandre Benois ,Nastasia Filipovna Boudoir (aquarel),Empress Maria Alexandrovna Salon in Gachina (aquarel),

Pyotr Nilus, Wet Street, Parisian Street,

Feodor Tchoumakoff Petrovitch, 8 portraits of Young Woman

Konstantin Terechkovitch, Portrait of Woman in Hat

Alexei Korovin, Still Life with Fish and Bottle

Alexander Ivanovitsch Jakovlev, 'Italian Landscape

Nikolay Millioti, Self Portrait

Vasiliy Suhaev, Landscape

Alexander Archipenko, Two women (canvas), Nude (chalk), Female Act (color lithography)

El Lissitzky, The proun 2B, The Proun 5B, No Name Construction (aquarel), Winning over Sun (aquarel)

André Lanskoy, No Name, No Name,Composition in Red

Yekaterina Gagarina

Yekaterina Petrovna Gagarina (Russian: Екатерина Петровна Гагарина; May 25, 1790—February 27, 1873), maiden name Soymonova (Соймонова), was a wife of a Russian diplomat Prince Grigory Gagarin and the daughter of the Secretary of State Pyotr Soymonov.

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