Ordu Province

Ordu Province (Turkish: Ordu ili) is a province of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Samsun to the northwest, Tokat to the southwest, Sivas to the south, and Giresun to the east. Its license-plate code is 52. The capital of the province is the city of Ordu.

Ordu Province

Ordu ili
Location of Ordu Province in Turkey
Location of Ordu Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionEast Black Sea
SubregionTrabzon
Government
 • Electoral districtOrdu
Area
 • Total6,001 km2 (2,317 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total771,932
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Area code(s)0452
Vehicle registration52

Etymology

Ordu is the word for 'army' in current Turkish, originally meaning 'army camp', during the Ottoman Empire an army outpost was set up near the present day city. The city, and later the province, derived its name from this.

Ordu is a strip of Black Sea coast and the hills behind, historically an agricultural and fishing area and in recent years, tourism has seen an increase, mainly visitors from Russia and Georgia, as Ordu boasts some of the best beaches, rivers, and lush, green mountains on the Black Sea coast. Walking in the high pastures is now a popular excursion for Turkish holidaymakers. The higher altitudes are covered in forest.

Melet River, Bolaman River, Elekçi River, Turnasuyu Stream, Akçaova Stream and Civil Stream are the main rivers of the province. The topography of the province is not conducive to lake formation and only two major lakes, Gaga Lake and Ulugöl, are present in Ordu.[2]

Economy

The economy of the province depends on agriculture. Ordu is famous for hazelnuts. Turkey as a whole produces about 70 percent of the world's hazelnuts,[3] and Ordu is the chief producer in Turkey, responsible for 150,000–180,000 tonnes per year, which amounts to around 30% of Turkey's production. Hazelnuts production takes around 88% of Ordu's arable land, the remainder mainly consists of corn and wheat fields. Whilst covering only 0.1% of the arable land of the province, Ordu's kiwi production is the second largest in the country after Yalova. Beekeeping is also important in Ordu, which produced in 2010 12.8% of honey produced in Turkey.[4]

Demographics

Mostly Chepni Turks and other Oghuz Turks live here and the province is home to a minority of Cheveneburi Georgians.[5]

In recent decades many people from Ordu have migrated away to jobs in Istanbul, Bursa, Samsun, Sakarya or abroad.

Districts

Ordu province is divided into 19 districts (capital district in bold):

Places to see

Ordu has an attractive coast including pretty bays and the cleanest and longest beaches on this stretch of the Black Sea coast. Specific sites include:

  • The Russian bazaar in the city of Ordu
  • Boztepe – a 460 m hill above the city.
  • Karagöl – a crater lake at 3107 m, above the plateau of Çambaşı
  • Yason (Jason) point – a headland in Perşembe
  • Çambaşı Yaylası a high plateau

Well-known residents

University

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Ordu İli Doğa Turizmi Master Planı (PDF). Turkish Ministry of Forestry and Water Management. pp. 24–5. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  3. ^ Inventory Of Hazelnut Research, Germplasm And References
  4. ^ Ordu İli Doğa Turizmi Master Planı (PDF). Turkish Ministry of Forestry and Water Management. pp. 30–1. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  5. ^ Chveneburi.Net :: Yeni Sayaca Köyü – Ulubey – Ordu
  6. ^ [1]

External links

Coordinates: 40°48′41″N 37°32′26″E / 40.81139°N 37.54056°E

Asarkayası Tunnel

Asarkayası Tunnel (Turkish: Asarkayası Tüneli), is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey.Asarkayası Tunnel is part of the Samsun-Ordu Highway D.010 E70 within the Black Sea Coastal Highway, of which construction was carried out by the Turkish Nurol-Tekfen-Yüksel joint venture. The 310 and 314 m (1,017 and 1,030 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying two lanes of traffic in each direction. The Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tunnel follows the Asarkayası Tunnel in direction Samsun.

The tunnel was opened to traffic on April 7, 2007 by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Dangerous goods carriers are not permitted to use the tunnel.

Bolaman Castle

The Bolaman Castle (Turkish: Bolaman Kalesi) is a historic castle located at Bolaman town of Fatsa in Ordu Province, Turkey.

Boon (Pontus)

Boon (Ancient Greek: Βοών) was a town on the Black Sea coast of ancient Pontus, 90 stadia east of Cape Jasonium.Its site is located near Perşembe in Asiatic Turkey.

Fatsa

Fatsa is a town and a district of Ordu Province in the central Black Sea region of Turkey. Population from Fatsa is more than 115,000.

Hoynat Islet

Hoynat Islet (a.k.a. Perşembe Islet Turkish: Hoynat Adası) is a Turkish islet in the Black Sea.

The rocky islet is at 41°07′03″N 37°43′43″E. Administratively it is a part of Perşembe ilçe (district) of Ordu Province. The distance between the coast and the islet is less than 100 metres (330 ft). The total area of the islet is about 700 square metres (7,500 sq ft).

Historically the uninhabited islet was a hideout and storage location of the sailors. Now the island is known as the main reproduction area of the European shags in Turkey.

Kadıoğlu Tunnel

Kadıoğlu Tunnel (Turkish: Kadıoğlu Tüneli), is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey.Kadıoğlu Tunnel is part of the Samsun-Ordu Highway D.010 E70 within the Black Sea Coastal Highway, of which construction was carried out by the Turkish Nurol-Tekfen-Yüksel joint venture. The 116 and 150 m (381 and 492 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying two lanes of traffic in each direction. The Kozbükü Tunnel follows the Kadıoğlu Tunnel in direction Ordu.

The tunnel was opened to traffic on 7 April 2007 by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Dangerous goods carriers are not permitted to use the tunnel.

Kevgürk Castle

Kevgürk Castle (Turkish: Kevgürk Kalesi) is a castle in the Akkuş district of the Ordu Province in Turkey.

The castle is located 30 kilometers south of Akkuş, at a height of 300 m from the base next to the Tifi Creek, which is the continuation of Gökçebayır Creek. It is located on a steep cliff, and from a distance, can be mistaken for a part of the rock. There is a gate on the eastern side which is half-buried in the soil, the gate can be accessed by climbing the cliff on the eastern side. There are houses in the castle, made of brick and shards of marble. It has a dominant position that oversees its surroundings.

Kozbükü Tunnel

Kozbükü Tunnel (Turkish: Kozbükü Tüneli), is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey.Kozbükü Tunnel is part of the Samsun-Ordu Highway D.010 E70 within the Black Sea Coastal Highway, of which construction was carried out by the Turkish Nurol-Tekfen-Yüksel joint venture. The 261 and 257 m (856 and 843 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying two lanes of traffic in each direction is flanked by 116–150 m (381–492 ft)-long Kadıoğlu Tunnel in the west and 170–135 m (558–443 ft)-long Tekkebak Tunnel in the east on the same highway.The tunnel was opened to traffic on April 7, 2007 by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Dangerous goods carriers are not permitted to use the tunnel.

List of populated places in Ordu Province

Below is the list of populated places in Ordu Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district

Ordu

Ordu (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈoɾdu]) is a port city on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, historically also known as Cotyora or Kotyora (Greek: Κοτύωρα), and the capital of Ordu Province with a population of 213,582 in the city center. The city is the world's largest hazelnut producer. While hazelnut is the main source of the economy, the city has developed small-sized industries and a rapidly growing tourism sector in recent years, which started, because Ordu is deemed as one of the most beautiful city in Turkey.

Ordu (electoral district)

Ordu is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects six members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Ordu Ethnographical Museum

Ordu Ethnographical Museum (Turkish: Ordu Etnoğrafya Müzesi) is a museum in Ordu, Turkey

Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tunnel

Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tunnel (Turkish: Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tüneli), originally Hapan Tunnel, (Turkish: Hapan Tüneli) is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey. With its length of 3,825 m (12,549 ft), it is the country's longest tunnel. The tunnel is named in honor of the Turkish female civil engineer and earth scientist Nefise Akçelik (1955-2003).

Ordu–Giresun Airport

Ordu–Giresun Airport (IATA: OGU, ICAO: LTCB) (Turkish: Ordu-Giresun Havalimanı) is an airport on an artificial island just off the coast of Gülyalı, a town in Ordu Province, Turkey and Piraziz, a town in Giresun Province, Turkey. It is located 19 km (12 mi) away from Ordu and 25 km (16 mi) from Giresun city centres. It is the third artificial island airport in the world.

Perşembe

Perşembe (Turkish: Perşembe, meaning Thursday) (formerly Vona, Βόνη in ancient Greek, also Heneti, ჰენეთი in Georgian and Laz languages) is a town and district of Ordu Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 37,512, of which 10,804 live in the town of Perşembe. The district covers an area of 237 km2 (92 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 0 m (0 ft).

Tekkebak Tunnel

Tekkebak Tunnel (Turkish: Tekkebak Tüneli), is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey.Tekkebak Tunnel is part of the Samsun-Ordu Highway D.010 E70 within the Black Sea Coastal Highway, of which construction was carried out by the Turkish Nurol-Tekfen-Yüksel joint venture. The 170 and 135 m (558 and 443 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying two lanes of traffic in each direction is flanked by 261–257 m (856–843 ft)-long Kozbükü Tunnel in the west and 3,805–3,825 m (12,484–12,549 ft)-long Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tunnel in the east on the same highway.The tunnel was opened to traffic on 7 April 2007 by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Dangerous goods carriers are not permitted to use the tunnel.

Topçam Dam (Ordu)

Topçam Dam (Ordu) is a dam in Ordu Province, Turkey, built between 1998 and 2009. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Ulubey, Ordu

Ulubey is a town and district of Ordu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 21 km (13 mi) south of the Black Sea in the Pontic Mountains. The Melet River runs through the district. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 29,227 of which 9,128 live in the town of Ulubey. The district covers an area of 304 km2 (117 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 602 m (1,975 ft).

Ünye

Ünye (Oinòe, Οἰνόη in ancient Greek) is a large town and district of Ordu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 76 km west of the city of Ordu. In 2009 it had 74,806 inhabitants.

Ordu Province of Turkey
Districts

Languages

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