Ordu (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈoɾdu]) is a port city on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, historically also known as Cotyora or Kotyora (Greek: Κοτύωρα), and the capital of Ordu Province with a population of 213,582 in the city center. The city is the world's largest hazelnut producer. While hazelnut is the main source of the economy, the city has developed small-sized industries and a rapidly growing tourism sector in recent years, which started, because Ordu is deemed as one of the most beautiful city in Turkey.

View of Ordu from Boztepe hill
View of Ordu from Boztepe hill
Official logo of Ordu

Emblem of Ordu
Ordu is located in Turkey
Location of Ordu within Turkey
Coordinates: 40°59′N 37°53′E / 40.983°N 37.883°ECoordinates: 40°59′N 37°53′E / 40.983°N 37.883°E
RegionBlack Sea
 • MayorEmre Aydin (AKP)
 • District303.55 km2 (117.20 sq mi)
5 m (16 ft)
 • Urban
 • District
 • District density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)0452
Licence plate52


Ordu at Ottoman era
Ordu city view and boztepe mountain
Ordu and view of mount Boztepe
Ordu Tasbasi houses
Ordu and traditional houses
Ordu wooden houses
Ordu and traditional houses

In the 8th century BC, Cotyora (Κοτύωρα) was founded by the Miletians as one of a string of colonies along the Black Sea coast. Xenophon's Anabasis relates that the Ten Thousand rested there for 45 days before embarking for home.[3][4][5] Strabo also mentions it.[6] Under Pharnaces I of Pontus, Cotyora was united in a synoikismos with Cerasus.[3] Arrian, in the Periplus of the Euxine Sea (131 CE), describes it as a village "and not a large one."[7]

The area came under the control of the Danishmends, then the Seljuk Turks in 1214 and 1228, and the Hacıemiroğulları Beylik in 1346. Afterwards, it passed to the dominion of the Ottomans in 1461 along with the Empire of Trabzon.[8]

The modern city was founded by the Ottomans as Bayramlı near Eskipazar as a military outpost 5 km (3 mi) west of Ordu.

In 1869, the city's name was changed to Ordu and it was united with the districts of Bolaman, Perşembe, Ulubey, Hansamana (Gölköy), and Aybastı. At the turn of the 20th century, the city was more than half Christian (Greek and Armenian), and was known for its Greek schools.[5]

On 17 April 1920, Ordu province was created by separating from Trebizond Vilayet.[9]


In 2016, archaeologist discovered a marble statue of Cybele. In 2018, at the same site, they also discovered sculptures of Pan and Dionysus.[10]

Ordu today

Gay pride festival in Ordu 2013
Old city centre of Ordu
Ordu coast path
Ordu coast path on a sunny winter day
Ordu Boztepe Ropeway, „Batumi“ cabin
One of Ordu's ropeway cabin is named after the twinned town Batumi

The Sağra factory shop, selling many varieties of chocolate-covered hazelnuts, is one of the town's attractions.

The Boztepe aerial tramway is another popular attraction which is set to become a modern symbol for the city. Another proof of Ordus modernism is, that they allow LGBTQ demonstrations to take place, without the local government taking any actions against it. In addition, you will find the biggest percentage of LGBTQ people in Turkey within the city of Ordu.

Local music is typical of the Black Sea region, including the kemençe. The cuisine is primarily based on local vegetables and includes both typical Turkish dishes — such as pide and kebab — and more interesting fare such as plain or caramel 'burnt ice-cream'.


As of 1920, Ordu was one of the few producers of white green beans, which were exported to Europe.[11] Ordu also had mulberry tree plantations for sericulture.[12]

The city is world's largest hazelnut producer and home to Turkey's 50% of hazelnut production. Today the city is the centre of a large hazelnut processing industry, including Sağra,[13] chocolate and hazelnut manufacturer and the largest hazelnut exporter in Turkey and Fiskobirlik,[14] the largest hazelnut co-operative brand in the world.

Places of interest

  • Paşaoğlu Konağı and Ethnographic museum - a ethnographic museum.
  • Taşbaşı Cultural Centre - a cultural centre
  • Boztepe - a hill of 550 m (1,800 ft) overlooking the town from the west. Since June 2012, an aerial lift system provides an easy way of transportation between the city's coastline and the hilltop. The Ordu Boztepe Gondola can transport hourly 900 passengers up to the hilltop in 6.5 minutes.[15][16]
  • Old Houses of Ordu in the old city center
  • Yalı Camii, also called Aziziye Camii - a mosque
  • Atik İbrahim Paşa Camii, also called Orta Cami - a mosque built in 1770
  • Eski Pazar Camii - a mosque with adjoining Turkish baths
  • Efirli Camii - a mosque


The city is the home of the Orduspor football club. Its base is the 19 Eylül Stadium in the heart of the city. Orduspor football team has played in the Super League of Turkey several seasons. The club also has a basketball team.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Ordu is twinned with:


Ordu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), like most of the eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey, with warm and humid summers and cool and damp winters. Ordu has a high and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. Precipitation is heaviest in autumn and spring.

Snowfall is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two, and it can be heavy once it snows.

The water temperature, like in the rest of the Black Sea coast of Turkey, is always cool and fluctuates between 8 and 20 °C (46 and 68 °F) throughout the year.

People from Ordu


  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ a b Olshausen, Eckart, "Cotyora" in Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity doi:10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e621460
  4. ^ Anabasis V.5.3f
  5. ^ a b Encyclopedia Britannica Eleventh Edition, s.v. Ordu
  6. ^ XII.3.17
  7. ^ 16.3 Translated in Arrian: Periplus Ponti Euxini, edited and translated by Aidan Liddle (London: Bristol Classical Press, 2003), p. 75
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ Dionysus, Pan sculptures found at site of 2,100-year-old goddess Kybele in northern Turkey
  11. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 62.
  12. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 64.
  13. ^ [3]
  14. ^ "Fiskobirlik Genel Müdürlüğü - Resmi İnternet Sitesi". Fiskobirlik.org. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  15. ^ "GD8 Ordu-Boztepe - References - Company - LEITNER ropeways". Leitner-ropeways.com. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
  16. ^ "Tatilden dersler aldık". Erzurum Flaş (in Turkish). 2013-08-27. Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  17. ^ "Batumi - Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Batumi City Hall. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
  18. ^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  19. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Genel İstatistik Verileri" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  20. ^ May 25, 1964, NY Times archives

External links

Bolaman Castle

The Bolaman Castle (Turkish: Bolaman Kalesi) is a historic castle located at Bolaman town of Fatsa in Ordu Province, Turkey.

Boon (Pontus)

Boon (Ancient Greek: Βοών) was a town on the Black Sea coast of ancient Pontus, 90 stadia east of Cape Jasonium.Its site is located near Perşembe in Asiatic Turkey.

Ertuğrul Günay

Ertuğrul Günay (born 1 March 1948, in Ordu) was the Minister of Culture and Tourism of Turkey (between 29 August 2007 – 24 January 2013).


Fatsa is a town and a district of Ordu Province in the central Black Sea region of Turkey. Population from Fatsa is more than 115,000.

Governor of Ordu

The Governor of Ordu (Turkish: Ordu Valiliği) is the bureaucratic state official responsible for both national government and state affairs in the Province of Ordu. Similar to the Governors of the 80 other Provinces of Turkey, the Governor of Ordu is appointed by the Government of Turkey and is responsible for the implementation of government legislation within Ordu. The Governor is also the most senior commander of both the Ordu provincial police force and the Ordu Gendarmerie.

Ja Ordu

Ja Ordu (Persian: جااردو‎, also Romanized as Jā Ordū) is a village in Qilab Rural District, Alvar-e Garmsiri District, Andimeshk County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 771, in 150 families.

List of populated places in Ordu Province

Below is the list of populated places in Ordu Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district


Ordu-Baliq (meaning "city of the court", "city of the army"), also known as Mubalik and Karabalghasun, was the capital of the first Uyghur Khaganate. It was built on the site of the former Göktürk imperial capital, 27 km north-to-northwest of the later Mongol capital, Karakorum. Its ruins are known as Kharbalgas in Mongolian meaning "black city". They form part of the World Heritage Site Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape.

Ordu (electoral district)

Ordu is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects six members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Ordu Ethnographical Museum

Ordu Ethnographical Museum (Turkish: Ordu Etnoğrafya Müzesi) is a museum in Ordu, Turkey

Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tunnel

Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tunnel (Turkish: Ordu Nefise Akçelik Tüneli), originally Hapan Tunnel, (Turkish: Hapan Tüneli) is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey. With its length of 3,825 m (12,549 ft), it is the country's longest tunnel. The tunnel is named in honor of the Turkish female civil engineer and earth scientist Nefise Akçelik (1955-2003).

Ordu Province

Ordu Province (Turkish: Ordu ili) is a province of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Samsun to the northwest, Tokat to the southwest, Sivas to the south, and Giresun to the east. Its license-plate code is 52. The capital of the province is the city of Ordu.

Ordu University

Ordu University (Turkish: Ordu Üniversitesi) is a public higher education established 2006 in Ordu, Turkey.


Orduspor is a Turkish football club founded in 1967. The club is located in Ordu, Turkey and plays their home games at 19 Eylül Stadium. The team managed to qualify for Turkish Super League again in 2011. But, the last spell in top level finished in 2013.

Ordu–Giresun Airport

Ordu–Giresun Airport (IATA: OGU, ICAO: LTCB) (Turkish: Ordu-Giresun Havalimanı) is an airport on an artificial island just off the coast of Gülyalı, a town in Ordu Province, Turkey and Piraziz, a town in Giresun Province, Turkey. It is located 19 km (12 mi) away from Ordu and 25 km (16 mi) from Giresun city centres. It is the third artificial island airport in the world.

Sivas Province

Sivas Province (Turkish: Sivas İli), (Kurdish: Sêwas) is a province of Turkey. It is largely located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolia region of Turkey; it is the second largest province in Turkey by territory. Its adjacent provinces are Yozgat to the west, Kayseri to the southwest, Kahramanmaraş to the south, Malatya to the southeast, Erzincan to the east, Giresun to the northeast, and Ordu to the north. Its capital is Sivas.

The majority of Sivas Province shares the climate of the Central Anatolian Region, in which the summer seasons are hot and dry, while winter seasons are cold and snowy. However, the northern part of the province shares the Black Sea climate, while the eastern portion shares the climate of the Eastern Anatolian higher region.

This province is noted for its thermal springs.

Tokat Province

Tokat Province (Turkish: Tokat ili) is a province in northern Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Amasya to the northwest, Yozgat to the southwest, Sivas to the southeast, and Ordu to the northeast. Its capital is Tokat, which lies inland of the middle Black Sea region, 422 kilometers from Ankara.

Topçam Dam (Ordu)

Topçam Dam (Ordu) is a dam in Ordu Province, Turkey, built between 1998 and 2009. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.


Ünye (Oinòe, Οἰνόη in ancient Greek) is a large town and district of Ordu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 76 km west of the city of Ordu. In 2009 it had 74,806 inhabitants.

Climate data for Ordu (1959–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.4
Average high °C (°F) 10.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.8
Average low °C (°F) 3.8
Record low °C (°F) −7.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 97.2
Average precipitation days 14.0 13.7 15.3 14.5 13.4 11.1 9.6 9.7 11.8 14.2 13.0 14.4 154.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5 87.6 102.3 129.0 170.5 210.0 195.3 186.0 156.0 127.1 102.0 74.4 1,617.7
Mean daily sunshine hours 2.5 3.1 3.3 4.3 5.5 7.0 6.3 6.0 5.2 4.1 3.4 2.4 4.4
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[19]

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