Ordino

Ordino (Catalan pronunciation: [uɾˈðinu]) is the most northerly parish in the Principality of Andorra. It's mostly the main area of Valira del Nord or Valira d'Ordino river valley. Ordino is also the name of the main town of the parish. Other settlements in the parish are El Serrat, Ansalonga, Sornàs, La Cortinada, Llorts, Segudet, Arans, Les Salines and Arcalís. It is home to the Sorteny National Park, the largest nature area of Andorra. It has a population of 4,858, as of 2017. The town preserves a vast medieval center, mainly linked to the culture of the country.

Ordino
Carrer Major and main street of Ordino town.
Carrer Major and main street of Ordino town.
Flag of Ordino

Flag
Coat of arms of Ordino

Coat of arms
Ordino is located in Andorra
Ordino
Ordino
Location of Ordino town within Andorra
Coordinates (Ordino town): 42°33′18″N 1°31′59″E / 42.55500°N 1.53306°ECoordinates: 42°33′18″N 1°31′59″E / 42.55500°N 1.53306°E
CountryAndorra
ParishesOrdino
VillagesAnsalonga, Arans, Arcalís, El Serrat, La Cortinada, Les Salines, Llorts, Segudet, Sornàs
Government
 • MayorJosep Àngel Mortés Pons
Area
 • Total85 km2 (33 sq mi)
Elevation
1,300 m (4,300 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total4,858
 • Density57,15/km2 (14,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ordinenc, Ordinenca
WebsiteOfficial site

Geography

The parish has borders with France (Occitanie) and also with the parishes of La Massana, Canillo, and Encamp. The only main road and only all year external link is the CG-3 leading to the neighbouring parish of La Massana. With 85 km² is the third largest parish after Canillo and Encamp.

The town of Ordino lies on the footslopes of Casamanya (2740 m), a mountain which has spectacular panoramic views from its summit being located almost exactly in the centre of Andorra.[1]

History

Ordino Church 2 Andorra
The 12th century Romanesque Sant Corneli and Sant Cebrià church and bell tower in Ordino.

The etymological origin of the name of the parish Ordino and its capital is pre-Roman, and it is documented for the first time in the Acta de Consagració i Dotació de la Catedral de la Seu d'Urgell (Deed of Consecration and Endowment of the Cathedral of La Seu d'Urgell), during the 9th century, as Hordinavi or Sant Cebrià d'Hordinavi.[2]

Ordino is historically known for its ironworks of the 16th century, especially Farga del Serrat and Farga de l'Areny. Besides being the industrial center of Andorra, Ordino is considered the cultural center of Andorra. Here Antoni Fiter i Rossell wrote the Manual Digest (1748), called the "Bible of Andorra," which tells the story, the government and the Andorran customs.

The town of Ordino include the parish church of Sant Corneli i Sant Cebrià, already mentioned in 839, was mainly built during the 12th and 13th centuries. The Romanesque church of Sant Martí de la Cortinada, with 12th-century murals, is also a good example of romanesque Andorran art.

Manor houses like Fiter-Riba or Casa Rossell, which holds the original Manual Digest and Areny-Plandolit family house, owners of Farga de l'Areny, represented the good society of Andorra between the 17th and 19th centuries. Both mansions were acquired in 1972 by Consell General and converted into an ethnological and historical museum.[3]

Areny-Plandolit casa Ordino (Andorra)
Areny-Plandolit family house localed in Carrer Major d'Ordino.

The parish and town is the namesake of the Andorran legend El buner d'Ordino, in which a bagpiper from Ordino, en route to a festival in Canillo, is chased and treed by wolves, but frightens them off by playing his instrument.[4]

Culture

Ordino has been part of the culture of Andorra and the Catalan language as major headquarter of Fundacio Ramon Llull (Ramon Llull Foundation), an international organization constituted in 2008 in order to promote Catalan language and culture internationally.[5]

The National Auditorium of Andorra (Catalan: Auditori Nacional d'Andorra) is located in Ordino town. The International Narciso Yepes Festival, a series of classical music concerts, has been held there every October since 1983.[6][7] The festival was started by the late guitarist, Narciso Yepes.[7]

The Postal and Postcard Museum of Andorra (Catalan: Museu Postal d'Andorra) and the Miniature Museum (Catalan: Museu de la Miniatura) are localed in the parish of Ordino.

La Ruta del Ferro, which translates into English as the Iron Route, is a cultural route of old iron ore mines and rural cottages across the Valira del Nord, between Llorts and La Cortinada.[8] It is part of the old road that the carriers used to carry the iron from the mines of Llorts to the ironwork forges of La Massana.[9]

Pleta de Castellar
Mountain cabin in Pleta del Castellar, Arcalís.
Paisatge d'Andorra
View from Tristaina lakes of La Coma d'Ordino and Arcalís.

Events and festivities

A festival deeply rooted in the town of Ordino is El Roser d'Ordino or The Rose Festival, in which the processions and devotions during the month of July have given way to the Roses festival, a spring symbol linked to love, beauty and devotion. Traditionally, the day before the youth went to pick roses that grew in the fields and orchards, preparing the bouquets and placed in a basket that gave to women. The celebration was religious in the morning, in the afternoon there was a parade and a harvest (La Plega del Carbassó) and everything ended with a dance at night.[10]

During two days, usually the first weekend of August, the streets of Ordino are filled with buners, an aerophone instrument that receives a wide variety of names depending on the area (bag of moans, xeremia, coixinera, Ordino's bagpipe, bottle or cleat) and is a symbol of the parish by its legend. All events are popular, celebrated by local people and parishioners, who have gone from town to town and from a popular festival to a popular festival playing the bagpipes.[11]

The sings of Caramelles (religious songs from the Old Catalonia sung during the Easter), and its dances, are also popular and traditional in the parish.[12]

Sports

The Comú d'Ordino, the local government, has a sports center (CEO) with swimming pool, gym, squash, sauna and rock climbing wall; along with the CTEO sport center with indoor and outdoor fields. It's also the parish were the start and finish of Ultra Trail Andorra take place, one of the most important mountain trail races in Southern Europe.

View of La Coma Arcalis Andorra
View from top of chairlift to Cota (2625m) overlooking La Coma part of the Arcalís ski resort.

FC Ordino, founded in 2010, is one of the major sport clubs in the parish. The club's football section currently plays in Primera Divisió, the Andorran Premier Division.

In the extreme northwest of the parish is the Vallnord (Ordino-Arcalis sector ski station) ski resort which has peaks up to 2,625 m.[13]

Vallnord is part of the annually Freeride World Tour El Dorado route since 2015, as part of the major ski events in Andorra; along with the FIS International Youth Trophy Trofeu Borrufa celebrated every January. The ski station has also hosted since 2005 main stages of the European Championships of Ski Mountaineering and World Championships of Ski Mountaineering.[10]

During summer the ski resort is open as bike park. In mountain biking, Vallnord was the venue for events during the 2008, 2009 and 2013 UCI Mountain Bike World Cup. The 2015 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Vallnord.[14]

In road cycling, Arcalis was used for a stage finish in the 1994 Vuelta a España, and Pal as a stage finish in the 2010 Vuelta a España. Vallnord was used for stage finishes in the 2007, 2009 and 2011 Volta a Catalunya. Stage 10 of the 1997 Tour de France, Stage 7 of the 2009 Tour de France and Stage 9 of the 2016 Tour de France also all finished at Arcalis.[15]

The major national road bicycle touring event, La Volta als Ports, finish in Arcalís. The race, also known as the Tour of the Andorran Passes or the Andorran Vuelta, was developed during mid 1970s and has become one of the largest cycloturism road event in Southern Europe.[16]

Gallery

Ordino e estrada a La Massana. Andorra 23

Ordino and road to La Massana

Comu d'Ordino

Ordino Town Hall

Hotel Casamanya (4)

Noucentist Hotel Casamanya

Vitrall16 1

National Auditorium Square by Domènec Fita i Molat

Església de Sant Serni de Llorts 1

Old town of Llorts

Riu de Sorteny - 2

Sorteny National Park

Massís del Casamanya - 12

Massís del Casamanya

Vista dunha granxa baixando desde Coll de Ordino a Canillo. Andorra 310

Coll d'Ordino

Pont romànic d'Ordino

Romanesque bridge of Ordino

El Rialb - 20

El Rialb

Angonella4

L'Angonella

Cabalo no alto da Coma. Andorra 298

La Coma

Pic de Font Blanca

Pic de la Font Blanca

References

  1. ^ Hiking the Eastern Pyrenees, Peter Dunkley, Passport Newsletter, February 2009, Editor K. Petchenik, Remy Publishing]
  2. ^ "Població Ordino del camí". www.elcami.cat.
  3. ^ "Ordino - enciclopèdia.cat". www.enciclopedia.cat.
  4. ^ Àlvar Valls Oliva - Roser Carol Romàn; Àlvar Valls i Oliva; Roser Carol i Romàn (15 November 2010). Llegendes d'Andorra. L'Abadia de Montserrat. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-84-9883-340-9.
  5. ^ 324cat. "Neix la Fundació Ramon Llull".
  6. ^ 27è Festival Internacional Narciso Yepes, Associació Festivals d'Ordino, Comú d'Ordino, Andorra, October 2009. (in Catalan)
  7. ^ a b Festival Internacional Narciso Yepes, Visual Andorra, 2009. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  8. ^ "Ruta del Ferro: Iron and nature in Andorra". Andorra Tourism.
  9. ^ "Ruta del Ferro Andorra (Llorts-La Cortinada) - RUTES PIRINEUS". www.rutespirineus.cat.
  10. ^ a b "Contingut camipèdia - Calendari de Festes d'Ordino". www.elcami.cat.
  11. ^ "Ordino, Andorra". www.sanditz.com.
  12. ^ "Tradicions i costums — El web de la parròquia d'Ordino". www.ordino.ad.
  13. ^ Ordino-Arcalis Ski Resort, Yahoo.com
  14. ^ "UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships". Union Cycliste International. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  15. ^ "Stage 9: Vielha Val d'Aran / Andorre Arcalis". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 28 June 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  16. ^ Walker, Mike. "5 reasons to cycle in Andorra". Active-Traveller.

External links

Media related to Ordino (parish) at Wikimedia Commons

2016–17 Primera Divisió

The 2016–17 Primera Divisió or Lliga Grup Becier, was the 22nd season of top-tier football in Andorra. The season began on 18 September 2016 and concluded on 21 May 2017; this was followed by the two-legged relegation play-off on 28 and 31 May 2017. The defending champions were FC Santa Coloma, who won their tenth championship in the previous season.

2018–19 Primera Divisió

The 2018–19 Primera Divisió, also known as Lliga Multisegur Assegurances, was the 24th season of top-tier football in Andorra.

The winner of the league this season earned a place in the preliminary round of the 2019–20 Champions League, and the second-placed club earned a place in the preliminary round of the 2019–20 Europa League.

Andorran Olympic Committee

Andorran Olympic Committee (Catalan: Comitè Olímpic Andorrà or COA) is the National Olympic Committee representing Andorra.

Arans

Arans (Catalan pronunciation: [əˈɾans]) is a village in Andorra, located in the parish of Ordino in the north of the country.

Cal Batlle

Cal Batlle is a house located at La Cortinada, Ordino Parish, Andorra. It is a heritage property registered in the Cultural Heritage of Andorra.

Cal Pal

Cal Pal is a house located at La Cortinada, Ordino Parish, Andorra. It is a heritage property registered in the Cultural Heritage of Andorra.

Casa Blanca, Ordino

Casa Blanca is a house located at Segudet, Ordino Parish, Andorra. It is a heritage property registered in the Cultural Heritage of Andorra.

Casa Rossell

Casa Rossell is a manor house located in Ordino, Andorra. It is a heritage property registered in the Cultural Heritage of Andorra.

El Serrat

El Serrat (Catalan pronunciation: [əl səˈrat]) is a mountain village in the parish of Ordino, Andorra. It is at an elevation of 1,540 metres (5,100 ft). It is a popular destination for skiers.

Església de Sant Corneli i Sant Cebrià d'Ordino

Església de Sant Corneli i Sant Cebrià d'Ordino is a church located in Ordino, Andorra. It is a heritage property registered in the Cultural Heritage of Andorra.

Església de Santa Bàrbara d'Ordino

Església de Santa Bàrbara d'Ordino is a church located in Ordino Parish, Andorra. It is a heritage property registered in the Cultural Heritage of Andorra. It was built in the 17th century.

FC Ordino

Futbol Club Ordino is an Andorran football club based in Ordino. The club currently plays in Primera Divisió.

La Cortinada

La Cortinada (Catalan pronunciation: [lə kuɾtiˈnaðə]) is a village in Andorra, located between the villages of Arans and Ansalonga in the parish of Ordino.

Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas

The Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas is the Lithuanian Presidential Award which was re-instituted to honour the citizens of Lithuania for outstanding performance in civil and public offices. Foreign nationals may also be awarded this Order. The Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas was instituted in 1928. It features the Columns of Gediminas, one of the national symbols of Lithuania.

Renewal Party of Ordino

The Renewal Party of Ordino (Catalan: Partit Renovador d'Ordino) was a local political party in Ordino, Andorra.

PRO won the 1999 local elections in Ordino. Head of the list of the party, Enric Dolsa Font became mayor.

In the 2003 local elections, Enric Dolsa Font was reelected as mayor, now as a candidate of the Liberal Party of Andorra.

Segona Divisió

The Andorran Segona Divisió (Second Division), or Lliga Biosphere for sponsorship reasons, is the second highest football league in Andorra.

Former FC Santa Coloma reserve team were renamed UE Santa Coloma for 2007–08 (therefore eligible for promotion) and finally gained access to the Campionat de Lliga after finishing top place.

CE Jenlai are the current holders, having won the 2015-16 title.

Segudet

Segudet (Catalan pronunciation: [səɣuˈðɛt]) is a village in Andorra, located in the parish of Ordino.

Sornàs

Sornàs (Catalan pronunciation: [suɾˈnas]) is a village in Andorra, located in the parish of Ordino.

Vallnord

Vallnord (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌbaʎˈnɔɾt]) is a ski/snowboard resort in the Pyrenees mountains in the country of Andorra, close to the border with Spain at Tor, Pallars.

Places adjacent to Ordino

Languages

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