Order of the White Rose of Finland

The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.

The Order of the White Rose of Finland was established by Gustaf Mannerheim in his capacity as regent (temporary head of state) on January 28, 1919. The name comes from the nine roses argent in the coat of arms of Finland. The order's rules and regulations were confirmed on May 16, 1919, and its present rules date from June 1, 1940. The revised scale of ranks was confirmed most recently in 1985. The original decorations were designed by Akseli Gallen-Kallela. The swastikas of the collar was replaced by fir crosses in 1963, designed by heraldic artist Gustaf von Numers. The honour can be granted for military as well as civilian merit. The ribbon for all classes is ultramarine. The motto of the Order appears on the medallion and is Isänmaan hyväksi, which means in Finnish: "For [the well-being or benefit or advantage of] the Fatherland".

The President of Finland wears the Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar (a neck chain). The Collar is worn four centimetres from either side and hangs at equal distances at the front and back. The Grand Cross and Commander marks are awarded with a breast star.

Order of the White Rose of Finland
Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta
Awarded by  Finland
TypeState Orders
Awarded forCivil or military merit
StatusCurrently awarded
Statistics
Established28 January 1919
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Cross of Liberty
Next (lower)Order of the Lion of Finland
Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland

Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland

Classes

Whiterosediploma
Diploma of White Rose Order

The classes of the Order of the White Rose of Finland are:

  • FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR
    Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR
    Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Commander 1st Class BAR
    First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Commander BAR
    Commander of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Order of the White Rose Knight 1st Class BAR
    First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
  • Order of the White Rose Ribbon
    Knight (Chevalier) of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Cross of Merit of the Order of the White Rose BAR
    Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Medal 1st Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR
    First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland with golden cross
  • FIN Medal 2nd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR
    First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland
  • FIN Medal 3rd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR
    Medal of the White Rose of Finland
FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR
FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR
FIN Order of the White Rose Commander 1st Class BAR
FIN Order of the White Rose Commander BAR
FIN Order of the White Rose Knight 1st Class BAR
Order of the White Rose Ribbon
FIN Cross of Merit of the Order of the White Rose BAR
FIN Medal 1st Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR
FIN Medal 2nd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR
FIN Medal 3rd Class of the Order of the White Rose BAR

Recipients

Generally the Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to foreign heads of state, e.g. to King Fuad I of Egypt (1935), Charles de Gaulle (1962), Josip Broz Tito (1963) and King Birendra of Nepal (1988). Prime Ministers of Finland customarily receive the Grand Cross. (Certain leftist politicians refused the cross or didn't wear it, and the transient term in office of Anneli Jäätteenmäki did not lead to the President awarding the cross.)

List

Professor, Director – GAP, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 09, 2011[6] "in recognition of his efforts, through the GAP program, to help Finnish technology companies expand into markets abroad, including the United States"[7] and their advancement "further in corporate development."[6]
  • Jim Gilleran, 2008
Managing Director – Finnforest USA on 2008 September 12.
Managing Director, KIX Consulting Group, President and Board Member of Finland Australia Chamber of Commerce. Knight 1st Class awarded 3 October 2008, presented in NSW Parliament House 6 Dec 2008 by the Finnish Ambassador Glenn Lindholm for fostering bilateral relationships between Australia and Finland Government, Business and Academia in the area of innovation.
Executive Director – International Programs, FEMBA/GAP programs, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 11, 2004[14] "for assisting the expansion of Finnish start-up companies through the UCLA Anderson's Global Access Program."[14]
  • Dr. Henry Tirri, 2011 – First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
Former Executive Vice President and CTO of Nokia. Henry was a tenured Professor of Computer Science at the University of Helsinki. Henry holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Helsinki, Finland and an Honorary Doctorate from University of Tampere, Finland.

Special honors

References

  1. ^ http://www.campforrest.com/email_call/brian_aabel.htm
  2. ^ Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham : an obsession with music. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell. p. 330. ISBN 1843834022.
  3. ^ Order of White Rose of Finland: diploma
  4. ^ For services to Finland, acting as manager Finnish Athletics Team Melbourne Centenary Games 1935 and Olympic Attache for Finland at Melbourne Olympic Games 1958
  5. ^ "Letter transmitting Order of White Rose", www.ancestry.com, accessed 22 Sep 2015 [1]
  6. ^ a b Bensley, Lucas, "From 'professor' to knighted 'sir': Finnish government honors Bob Foster for his work with country's technological companies", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2012 January 12, pp. 1 & 4.
  7. ^ Press release, UCLA Anderson School of Management, 2011 December 20.
  8. ^ Ambegaokar, Saga Mirjam Vuori (2004). "Gripenberg, Maggie". In Cohen, Selma Jeanne. International Encyclopedia of Dance (1st paperback ed.). New York, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-17369-7.  – via Oxford University Press's Reference Online (subscription required)
  9. ^ http://www.miningjournal.net/opinion/editorial/2016/01/kiltinens-are-well-deserving-of-many-honors-received/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ For services to the Finnish Government as Naval Adviser 1934-39
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Hasani, Ilire; Hoffmann, Robert. "Oja Erkki". Academy of Europe. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  13. ^ https://archive.is/20141115140230/http://www.debretts.com/people-of-today/profile/8459/Eva-Margareta-STEINBY. Archived from the original on 2014-11-15. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ a b Carrillo, Sandybeth, "Vice chancellor emeritus receives recognition overseas: Finland awards Svenson for work with international Anderson program", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2005 January 10.
  15. ^ https://www.ritarikunnat.fi/index.php/fi/ritarikunnat/annetut-kunniamerkit/171-6-12-2015-annetut-kunniamerkit#T_SVR_R. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ a b Juha E. Tetri (2003). Kunniamerkkikirja (in Finnish) (3. täyd. p. ed.). Ajatus. p. 52. ISBN 978-951-20-6404-5.

External links

Annie Furuhjelm

Annie Fredrika Furuhjelm (11 December 1859 – 17 July 1937) was a Finnish journalist, feminist activist, and writer. She was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1913 to 1924 and again from 1927 to 1929, representing the Swedish People's Party of Finland (SFP). She was the first enfranchised woman in Europe to serve as a delegate to the International Women Suffrage Alliance and the first elected female legislator to speak before the British Parliament. She was awarded the Order of the White Rose of Finland for her service to the nation.

Daithí Ó Ceallaigh

Daithí Ó Ceallaigh is a former Irish diplomat.

Debora Vaarandi

Debora Vaarandi (October 1, 1916 – April 28, 2007) was an Estonian writer, considered to be a leading literary figure in post-World War II Estonia.She was born in Võru and grew up on the island of Saaremaa. Vaarandi studied language and literature at the University of Tartu. She joined the Communist Party of Estonia in 1940. When the Germans invaded Estonia, she escaped to Russia, returning to Estonia in 1944. Although not trained as a journalist, she worked as editor in chief of the Communistic publication Sirbi ja Vasara. She was forced to resign that post after contracting tuberculosis.In 1936, she married Aadu Hint; the couple later divorced. In 1952, she married writer Juhan Smuul.In 1946, her first collection of poetry Põleva laotuse all ("Under a Blazing Sky") was published. Her work celebrates values such as the love of nature, the importance of family and the beauty of small things. Many of her poems have been set to music. After 1977, she focused on translating works by Anna Akhmatova, Georg Trakl and Edith Södergran into Estonian. She was awarded the Order of the White Rose of Finland for her work in translating Finnish poetry into Estonian.In 1965, she received the first Juhan Liiv Poetry Award and, in 2005, she was recognized with the Cultural Award of the Republic of Estonia for outstanding lifetime achievement.

Edward Theodore Salvesen

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Eliza Reid

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Finnish order of precedence

The Finnish order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the government of Finland. It has no legal standing, it does not reflect the Finnish presidential line of succession or the co-equal status of the branches of government under the constitution, and is only used to indicate ceremonial protocol.

President of the Republic Sauli Niinistö

Retired Presidents of the Republic in order of term:

President Martti Ahtisaari

President Tarja Halonen

Speaker of the Parliament Paula Risikko

Prime Minister Juha Sipilä

President of the Supreme Court Timo Esko

President of the Supreme Administrative Court Pekka Vihervuori

Chief of Defence Jarmo Lindberg

Chancellor of Justice Jaakko Jonkka

Archbishop of Turku Tapio Luoma

Chancellor of the Order of the Cross of Liberty Gustav Hägglund

Chancellor of the Order of the White Rose of Finland and the Order of the Lion of Finland Aino Sallinen

Chancellor of the University of Helsinki Thomas Wilhelmsson

Johannes Orasmaa

Johannes Orasmaa, until 1935 Johannes Roska (3 December 1890 – 24 May 1943) was an Estonian General.

Johannes Orasmaa fought in the Estonian War of Independence and then pursued a military career. He was promoted to the rank of major-general in 1928 and was commander of the Estonian Defence League between 1925 and 1940. He was awarded the Estonian Cross of Liberty and also the Order of the White Rose of Finland and the Polish Gold Cross of Merit. During the Soviet occupation of Estonia, he was arrested and sent to labour camp by Soviet authorities, where he died in 1943.

Lars Slagsvold

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He was born in Romedal as a son of farmer Magnus Slagsvold (1854–1921) and Inger Krogstie (1855–1924). He finished his education in 1909 in Copenhagen. After several years of practice he was hired as a head of department in the National Veterinary Institute in 1924. He was a professor at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science from 1936 to 1946, and from 1946 to 1957 he headed the State Animal Authority.Slagsvold was also noted for his work to eliminate the diseases bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis, together with Niels Thorshaug and Halfdan Holth. Slagsvold was decorated as a Knight, 1st Class of the Order of St. Olav in 1951 and he was also held the Order of the Dannebrog (Commander) and the Order of the White Rose of Finland.

Leif Høegh

Leif Høegh (21 April 1896 - 23 May 1974) was a Norwegian shipowner. He founded the international shipping company, Leif Höegh & Co in 1927.

List of Commanders of the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland

This is a list of Commanders of the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland. Living Commanders are in bold and foreign Commanders are on blue background.

The Grand Cross can be awarded with a Collar.

List of honours of Finland awarded to heads of state and royalty

This article serves as an index – as complete as possible – of all the honorific orders or similar decorations awarded by Finland, classified by Monarchies chapter and Republics chapter, and, under each chapter, recipients' countries and the detailed list of recipients.

Maggie Gripenberg

Maggie Gripenberg (11 June 1881 – 28 July 1976) was a pioneer of modern dance in Finland. She was the first to introduce Dalcroze Eurhythmics to Finland and modeled her early works on the improvisational style of Isadora Duncan. As a dancer, choreographer and teacher, she laid the educational foundations for the study of movement and dance. She was recognized by numerous awards for her choreographic work as well as being honored with the Pro Finlandia Medal and as a knight of the Order of the White Rose of Finland.

Matti Alahuhta

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Order of the Cross of Liberty

The Order of the Cross of Liberty (Finnish: Vapaudenristin ritarikunta; Swedish: Frihetskorsets orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the White Rose of Finland and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of the two orders, and usually of the Order of the Cross of Liberty as well, Grand Mastership of which is attached to the position of Commander-in-chief. In 1944, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (1867–1951) was designated as Grand Master for life. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.

The Order of the Cross of Liberty was founded on March 4, 1918, upon the initiative of General C. G. E. Mannerheim. The Finnish artist Akseli Gallen-Kallela was commissioned to design the Order's insignia with the swastika.

At its foundation there were seven classes: grand cross, cross of liberty (1st to 4th class) and the medal of liberty (1st and 2nd class). The decorations of the Order of the Cross of Liberty were initially conferred only in time of war. A decree was issued on 18 August 1944 enabling the decorations to be awarded in peacetime.

The Cross of Liberty has a red ribbon when it is granted in wartime and a yellow ribbon when it is awarded in peacetime.

Decorations of the order were awarded in great numbers during the World War II, partly due to Marshal Mannerheim having issued an order that wounded soldiers were to be awarded for their sacrifice, and Finland has no separate decoration for wounded. The Cross of Liberty is usually reserved for commissioned officers, with the Medal of Liberty being awarded for soldiers of junior rank and NCOs.

Order of the Lion of Finland

The Order of the Lion of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Leijonan ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Lejons orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty and the Order of the White Rose of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.

The Order of the Lion of Finland was founded on September 11, 1942. It was introduced in an effort to preserve the prestige of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, which could have been diminished if granted too frequently, and to facilitate the awarding of honours for various types of merit. The Lion of Finland is awarded for civilian and military merit. The ribbon for all classes of insignia is dark red.

The President of Finland wears the Star of the Order of the Lion of Finland.

Orders, decorations, and medals of Finland

The orders, decorations and medals of Finland form a system through which the Finnish government shows its respect to persons who have distinguished themselves on some walk of life. The legal basis of the system is the Act on the displays of public recognition (1215/1999) which grants the president the authority to issue decrees on orders, medals and titles.

The system is divided into three groups:

orders

medals and decorations

titles

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Shaul Tchernichovsky

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