Order of the Crown of India

The Imperial Order of the Crown of India is an order in the British honours system. The Order was established by Queen Victoria in 1878,[1] when she became Empress of India.[2] The Order is open only to women and no additional appointments have been made since the Partition of India in 1947. The Order was limited to British princesses, wives or female relatives of Indian princes and the wife or female relatives of any person who held the office of:

Order of the Crown of India
Imperial Order of the Crown of India
The insignia of the Imperial Order of the Crown
of India
Awarded by the British monarch
TypeOrder of Chivalry
EligibilityBritish princesses, wives or female relatives of Indian princes
Awarded forA national order of chivalry
StatusNot awarded since 1947
SovereignQueen Elizabeth II
Post-nominalsCI
Galó de l'Orde de l'Estrella de l'Índia

Ribbon of the order

Description

The members of the Order could use the post-nominal letters "CI", but did not acquire any special precedence or status due to it. Furthermore, they were entitled to wear the badge of the Order, which included Queen Victoria's Imperial Cypher, VRI (Victoria Regina Imperatrix). The letters were set in diamonds, pearls and turquoises and were together surrounded by a border of pearls surmounted by a figure the Imperial Crown. The badge was worn attached to a light blue bow, edged in white, on the left shoulder. Queen Elizabeth II (as Princess Elizabeth) and her sister Princess Margaret were appointed to the Order by their father King George VI in June 1947. Queen Elizabeth II is the last surviving former member (now Sovereign) of the Order. Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester was the last ordinary member at the time of her death in 2004.

ElizabethIItroopingcolour crop
Elizabeth II, in her uniform as Colonel-in-Chief of the Scots Guards, wears the badge of the order as a medal (first on left). (Trooping the Colour, 1986)

Recipients

Rani Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore (1848–1901)
Rani Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore wearing the badge and ribbon of the order

1878–1900

  1. 1878: The Princess of Wales
  2. 1878: The German Crown Princess
  3. 1878: The Grand Duchess of Hesse
  4. 1878: Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
  5. 1878: Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lorne
  6. 1878: Princess Beatrice
  7. 1878: The Duchess of Edinburgh
  8. 1878: The Duchess of Cambridge
  9. 1878: The Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  10. 1878: The Duchess of Teck
  11. 1878: Maharani Bamba Singh
  12. 1878: Sultan Shah Jahan, Begum of Bhopal
  13. 1878: Maharani Sita Vilas Dawaji Ammani Anaro of Mysore
  14. 1878: Maharanee Jumnabai Sahib Gaekwad of Baroda (widow of Maharaja Khanderao)
  15. 1878: Dilawar un-Nisa Begum Sahiba, of Hyderabad
  16. 1878: Nawab Qudsia, Begum of Bhopal
  17. 1878: Vijaya Mohana Muktamba Bai Ammani Raja Sahib of Tanjore
  18. 1878: Maharani Swarnamoyee of Cossimbazar
  19. 1878: The Duchess of Argyll
  20. 1878: The Marchioness of Salisbury
  21. 1878: The Marchioness of Ripon, the Vicereine
  22. 1878: Lady Mary Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville
  23. 1878: Mary Bruce, The Countess of Elgin
  24. 1878: The Countess of Mayo
  25. 1878: Lady Susan Bourke
  26. 1878: Viscountess Halifax
  27. 1878: Lady Hobart (Mary Hobart, wife of Vere Henry Hobart, Lord Hobart, Governor of the Presidency of Madras)
  28. 1878: Lady Jane Baring
  29. 1878: Anne Napier, Baroness Napier (wife of Francis Napier, 10th Lord Napier, Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1866–1872)
  30. 1878: Edith Bulwer-Lytton, Countess of Lytton
  31. 1878: Harriette Lawrence, Baroness Lawrence
  32. 1878: Cecilia Northcote, Countess of Iddesleigh
  33. 1878: Catherine Frere, Lady Frere (wife of Sir Henry Frere, 1st Baronet, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay)
  34. 1878: Mary Temple, Lady Temple (wife of Sir Richard Temple, 1st Baronet, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay)
  35. 1878: Caroline Denison, Lady Denison (wife of Sir William Denison, Governor of the Presidency of Madras)
  36. 1878: Katherine Strachey, Lady Strachey (wife of Sir John Strachey, acting Viceroy of India 1872)
  37. 1878: Jane Gathorne-Hardy, Countess of Cranbrook
  38. 1878: Princess Frederica of Hanover
  39. 1878: Princess Marie of Hanover
  40. 1879: The Duchess of Cumberland
  41. 1879: The Duchess of Connaught
  42. 1879: Lady Napier of Magdala (wife of Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala, Commander-in-Chief India 1870–1876 and acting Viceroy of India, 1862–1863)
  43. 1879: Lady Frances Cunynghame
  44. 1879: Dowager Lady Pottinger (widow of Sir Henry Pottinger, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1848–1854)
  45. 1881: Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi, Senior Rani of Attingal
  46. 1881: Lady Fergusson (Olive Fergusson, wife of Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1880–1885)
  47. 1881: Mrs William Patrick Adam (Emily Adam, widow of William Patrick Adam, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1880–1881)
  48. 1882: The Duchess of Albany
  49. 1883: Lady Grant Duff (Anna Julia Grant Duff, wife of Sir Mountstuart Grant Duff, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1881–1886)
  50. 1884: Edith Fergusson (daughter of Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1880–1885)
  51. 1884: The Countess of Dufferin (wife of Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Earl of Dufferin, Viceroy of India, 1884–1888)
  52. 1885: Lady Randolph Churchill (wife of Lord Randolph Churchill, Secretary of State for India, 1885–1886)
  53. 1885: Lady Reay (Fanny Georgiana Jane Mackay, wife of Donald Mackay, 11th Lord Reay, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay 1885–1890)
  54. 1886: Viscountess Cross (Georgina Cross, wife of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, Secretary of State for India 1886–1892)
  55. 1887: Princess Louise of Wales
  56. 1887: Princess Victoria of Wales
  57. 1887: Princess Maud of Wales
  58. 1887: Maharanee Sunity Devee of Kuch Behar
  59. 1888: The Marchioness of Lansdowne (Maud Evelyn Petty-Fitzmaurice, wife of Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Viceroy of India 1888–1894)
  60. 1889: Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein
  61. 1889: Princess Victoria Mary of Teck
  62. 1890: Lady Harris (Lucy Ada Harris, wife of George Harris, 4th Baron Harris, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1890–1895)
  63. 1891: Maharanee Sakhiabai Raje Sahib Scindia Bahadur, Regent of Gwalior (widow of Maharaja Sir Jayajirao Scindia Bahadur)
  64. 1891: Lady Wenlock (Constance Mary Lawley, wife of Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock, Governor of the Presidency of Madras 1891–1896)
  65. 1892: Maharanee Chimnabai Sahib Gaekwad of Baroda (wife of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III)
  66. 1892: Lady Nandkuverbai Bhagvatsinh Jadeja, Rani Sahib of Gondal
  67. 1893: Vani Vilasa Sannidhana, Maharani of Mysore (wife of Chamaraja Wodeyar IX Bahadur)
  68. 1893: The Crown Princess of Romania
  69. 1893: Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  70. 1893: Princess Aribert of Anhalt
  71. 1894: The Countess of Elgin (wife of Victor Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin, Viceroy of India, 1894–1899)
  72. 1895: Mrs Henry Fowler (Ellen Fowler, wife of Henry Fowler, later Viscount Wolverhampton, Secretary of State for India, 1894–1895)
  73. 1895: The Lady Sandhurst (wife of William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst, later Viscount Sandhurst, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1895–1900)
  74. 1895: Lady George Hamilton (wife of Lord George Hamilton, Secretary of State for India, 1895–1903)
  75. 1897: The Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
  76. 1897: Maharani Sahiba of Udaipur (wife of Maharajadhiraja Fateh Singh)
  77. 1897: Nawab Shamsi Jahan, Begum Sahiba of Murshidabad
  78. 1897: Lady Havelock (Anne Havelock, wife of Sir Arthur Havelock, Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1896-1900)
  79. 1899: Lady Curzon of Kedleston (wife of George Curzon, 1st Baron Curzon of Kedleston, later Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, Viceroy of India, 1899–1904, 1904–1905)
  80. 1900: Princess Margaret of Connaught
  81. 1900: Lady Northcote (wife of Henry Northcote, 1st Baron Northcote, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1900–1903)
  82. 1900: Lady Roberts (wife of Frederick Roberts, Baron Roberts, Commander-in-Chief India 1885–1893)[3]
  83. 1900: Lady Stewart (Marina Katherine Stewart, widow of General Sir Donald Stewart, 1st Baronet, Commander-in-Chief India 1881–1885)[4]
  84. 1900: Lady White (Amelia Maria White, wife of General Sir George White, Commander-in-Chief India 1893–1898)[4]
  85. 1900: Lady Mary Katharine Lockhart (née Eccles; widow of General Sir William Stephen Alexander Lockhart, Commander in Chief India, 1898–1900)
  86. 1900: Lady Ampthill (wife of Arthur Russell, 2nd Baron Ampthill, Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1900–1905)

1901–1947

  1. 1909: The Countess of Minto (wife of Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, Viceroy of India, 1905–1910)
  2. 1910: Lady Hardinge of Penshurst (wife of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, Viceroy of India, 1910–1916)
  3. 1911: Princess Patricia of Connaught (Coronation of George V)
  4. 1911: Princess Charlotte of Prussia, Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen (Coronation of George V)
  5. 1911: The Marchioness of Crewe (wife of Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe, Secretary of State for India, 1910–1911)
  6. 1911: Kaikhusrau Jahan, Begum of Bhopal
  7. 1911: Maharani Sri Nundkanvarba of Bhavnagar
  8. 1916: The Viscountess Chelmsford (wife of Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, Viceroy of India, 1916–1921)
  9. 1917: Lady Willingdon (wife of Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Baron Willingdon, later Marquess of Willingdon, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1913–1918; Governor of the Presidency of Madras, 1919–1924; Viceroy of India, 1931–1936)
  10. 1918: Maji Sahiba Girraj Kuar, Maharani of Bharatpur, Regent of Bharatpur, 1900–1918
  11. 1919: Princess Mary, The Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood
  12. 1921: The Countess of Reading (wife of Rufus Isaacs, Earl of Reading, later Marquess of Reading, Viceroy of India, 1921–1925)
  13. 1926: Lady Irwin (wife of Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Baron Irwin, later Earl of Halifax, Viceroy of India, 1926–1931)
  14. 1927: The Countess of Lytton (wife of Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, Viceroy of India, 1925–1926)
  15. 1928: Shrimati Chinkuraja Scindia, Senior Maharani of Gwalior
  16. 1929: Puradam Thirunal Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, Regent Maharani of Travancore
  17. 1930: Lady Birdwood (wife of William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, Commander-in-Chief India, 1925–1930)
  18. 1931: The Duchess of York (Elizabeth, the Queen Mother)
  19. 1932: Begum Mariam Sultana, Lady Ali Shah (widow of Aga Khan II)
  20. 1935: Maharani Bhatianiji Sri Ajab Kanwarji Sahib, of Bikaner, Rajputana.[5]
  21. 1935: Lady Beatrix Taylour Stanley, (wife of Sir George Frederick Stanley, Governor of Madras 1929-1934).[5]
  22. 1936: The Marchioness of Linlithgow (wife of Victor Hope, Marquess of Linlithgow, Viceroy of India, 1936–1943)[6]
  23. 1937: The Duchess of Gloucester
  24. 1937: The Duchess of Kent
  25. 1937: The Lady Brabourne (wife of Michael Knatchbull, 5th Baron Brabourne, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay, 1931–1937, and of Bengal, 1937–1939)[7]
  26. 1943: The Viscountess Wavell (wife of Archibald Wavell, Viscount Wavell, later Earl Wavell, Viceroy of India, 1943–1947)
  27. 1945: Mrs Leopold Stennett Amery (Florence Amery, wife of Leopold Stennett Amery, war-time Secretary of State for India, 1940–1945)[8]
  28. 1946: Maharani Tara Devi of Jammu and Kashmir[9]
  29. 1947: Viscountess Mountbatten of Burma (wife of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India, 1947-1947 and later Governor-General of the Union of India, 1947–1948)[10]
  30. 1947: Princess Elizabeth (now Queen Elizabeth II)[11]
  31. 1947: Princess Margaret[11]
  32. 1947: Agnes Anne, Baroness Clydesmuir (wife of John Colville, 1st Baron Clydesmuir, Governor of the Presidency of Bombay)[12]

Sources

  1. ^ a b "No. 24539". The London Gazette. 4 January 1878. p. 113.
  2. ^ Kay, Ella. "The Imperial Order of the Crown of India". The Court Jeweller.
  3. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36075). London. 26 February 1900. p. 6.
  4. ^ a b "Court Circular". The Times (36083). London. 7 March 1900. p. 6.
  5. ^ a b "No. 15136". The Edinburgh Gazette. 4 January 1935. p. 15.
  6. ^ "No. 34259". The London Gazette. 25 February 1936. p. 1232.
  7. ^ "No. 34451". The London Gazette. 5 November 1937. p. 6889.
  8. ^ "No. 37325". The London Gazette. 26 October 1945. p. 5237. "In recognition of her work for Indian service men and Indian seamen as Chairman of the Indian Comforts Fund."
  9. ^ "No. 37598". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1946. p. 2763.
  10. ^ "No. 37905". The London Gazette. 14 March 1947. p. 1216.
  11. ^ a b "No. 37976". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 1947. p. 2569.
  12. ^ "No. 38041". The London Gazette. 8 August 1947. p. 3731.
1889 Birthday Honours

The 1889 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in the London Gazette on 24 May 1889 and in The Times on 25 May 1889.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

1891 New Year Honours

The New Year Honours 1891 were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by people of the United Kingdom, British India and in the British Empire.

They were announced in The Times on 1 January 1891, and the various honours were gazetted in The London Gazette on 1 January 1891, 7 January 1891, and 13 January 1891.The recipients of honours are displayed or referred to as they were styled before their new honour and arranged by honour and where appropriate by rank (Knight Grand Cross, Knight Commander etc.) then division (Military, Civil).

Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi

Maharani Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi CI (1848–1901) was the Senior Rani of Travancore from 1857 till her death in 1901. Her consort was the famous poet and writer, styled the father of Malayalam literature, Sri Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran.

Doreen Knatchbull, Baroness Brabourne

Doreen Knatchbull, Dowager Lady Brabourne, CI (29 May 1896 – 28 August 1979) was an Anglo-Irish aristocrat, socialite and victim of the Provisional IRA.

Edwina Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma

Edwina Cynthia Annette Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma, (née Ashley; 28 November 1900 – 21 February 1960) was an English heiress, socialite, relief worker and the last Vicereine of India as wife of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma.

Elizabeth Campbell, Duchess of Argyll

Elizabeth Georgiana Campbell, Duchess of Argyll (née Leveson-Gower; 30 May 1824 – 25 May 1878) was a British noblewoman and abolitionist. Born into the wealthy Sutherland-Leveson-Gower family, she was the eldest daughter of the 2nd Duke of Sutherland by his wife, the political hostess Lady Harriet Howard. In 1844 Elizabeth married George Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, eldest son and heir to the 7th Duke of Argyll. She became the Duchess of Argyll in 1847 when her husband succeeded his father.

Like her mother, the Duchess of Argyll was a prominent opponent of slavery. The pair helped write a letter titled An Affectionate and Christian Address of Many Thousands of Women of Great Britain and Ireland to Their Sisters, the Women of the United States of America, calling for an end of slavery; it attracted signatures from 562,848 British women. The two often hosted the American abolitionist and author Harriet Beecher Stowe when she visited England. The Duchess and Beecher Stowe were friends and maintained a correspondence.

In 1868, the Duchess of Argyll succeeded the Duchess of Wellington as Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria, holding the position until 1870, when she resigned due to ill health. Soon after being appointed a member of the newly created Order of the Crown of India, she died in 1878 whilst eating with William Ewart Gladstone in London.

Lady Randolph Churchill

Jennie Spencer-Churchill (née Jerome; 9 January 1854 – 29 June 1921), known as Lady Randolph Churchill, was an American-born British socialite, the wife of Lord Randolph Churchill and the mother of British prime minister Sir Winston Churchill.

Louise, Princess Royal

Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar; 20 February 1867 – 4 January 1931) was the third child and the eldest daughter of the British king Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark; she was a younger sister of George V. She was the eldest granddaughter of Christian IX of Denmark. In 1905, her father gave her the title of Princess Royal, which is usually bestowed on the eldest daughter of the British monarch if there is no living holder (e.g. the monarch's sister, designated in the previous reign).

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood (Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary; 25 April 1897 – 28 March 1965) was a member of the British royal family. She was the third child and only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary and was born during the reign of Queen Victoria, her great-grandmother. Mary was the paternal aunt of the current British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II. Her education started at home. World War I brought Mary out of seclusion as she launched a charity campaign to support British troops and sailors. She eventually became a nurse. Mary married Viscount Lascelles (later the Earl of Harewood) in 1922. She was an avid collector of jewellery.

Mary of Teck

Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress consort of India as the wife of King George V.

Although technically a princess of Teck, in the Kingdom of Württemberg, she was born and raised in the United Kingdom. Her parents were Francis, Duke of Teck, who was of German extraction, and Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, who was a granddaughter of King George III. She was informally known as "May", after her birth month.

At the age of 24, she was betrothed to her second cousin once removed Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, the eldest son of the Prince of Wales, but six weeks after the announcement of the engagement, he died unexpectedly during an influenza pandemic. The following year, she became engaged to Albert Victor's only surviving brother, George, who subsequently became king. Before her husband's accession, she was successively Duchess of York, Duchess of Cornwall, and Princess of Wales.

As queen consort from 1910, she supported her husband through the First World War, his ill health, and major political changes arising from the aftermath of the war. After George's death in 1936, she became queen mother when her eldest son, Edward VIII, ascended the throne, but to her dismay, he abdicated later the same year in order to marry twice-divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson. She supported her second son, George VI, until his death in 1952. She died the following year, during the reign of her granddaughter Elizabeth II, who had not yet been crowned.

Maud of Wales

Maud of Wales, (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria; 26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) was Queen of Norway as spouse of King Haakon VII. She was the youngest daughter of the British king Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark. Maud of Wales was the first queen of Norway in over five centuries who was not also queen of Denmark or Sweden.

Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, VA, CI, (Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria; 1 September 1878 – 16 April 1942), was the fourth child and third daughter of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. She was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom as well as of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.

Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester

Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, (born Alice Christabel Montagu Douglas Scott; 25 December 1901 – 29 October 2004) was the wife of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of King George V and Queen Mary. She was the mother of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.

The daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch, Scotland's largest landowner, she became by marriage a princess of the United Kingdom, and a sister-in-law to Edward VIII and George VI. She was thus an aunt by marriage to Elizabeth II. Princess Alice was extremely well travelled, both before and after her marriage.

Princess Augusta of Cambridge

Princess Augusta of Cambridge (19 July 1822 – 5 December 1916) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of George III. She married into the Grand Ducal House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and became the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel

Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel (Auguste Wilhelmine Luise; 25 July 1797 – 6 April 1889) was the wife of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, the tenth-born child, and seventh son, of George III of the United Kingdom and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The longest-lived daughter-in-law of George III, she was the maternal grandmother of Mary of Teck, wife of George V.

Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont (Helene Friederike Auguste; later Duchess of Albany; 17 February 1861 – 1 September 1922), who became a member of the British royal family by marriage, was the fifth daughter and child of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and his first wife, Princess Helena of Nassau.

Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark

Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, (Greek: Πριγκίπισσα Μαρίνα της Ελλάδας και Δανίας; 13 December [O.S. 30 November] 1906 – 27 August 1968), later known as the Duchess of Kent, was a princess of the Greek royal house, who married Prince George, Duke of Kent, fourth son of King George V of the United Kingdom in 1934. They had three children: Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, Princess Alexandra, and Prince Michael.

The Princess was widowed in 1942, when her husband was killed in a plane crash on active service. In later life, she carried out many royal engagements, including the independence celebrations for Ghana and Botswana.

Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge

Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth; 27 November 1833 – 27 October 1897) was a member of the British royal family, a granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great-grandmother of Elizabeth II. She held the title of Duchess of Teck through marriage.

Mary Adelaide is remembered as the mother of Queen Mary, the wife of King George V. She was one of the first royals to patronise a wide range of charities.

Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom

Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary; 6 July 1868 – 3 December 1935) was the fourth child and second daughter of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark, and the younger sister of George V.

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