Order of precedence in England and Wales

The following is the order of precedence in England and Wales as of August 2019. Separate orders exist for gentlemen and ladies.

Names in italics indicate that these people rank elsewhere—either higher in that table of precedence or in the table for the other sex. Titles in italics indicate the same thing for their holders, or that they are vacant.

Peers and their families make up a large part of these tables. It is possible for a peer to hold more than one title of nobility, and these may belong to different ranks and peerages. A peer derives his precedence from his highest-ranking title; peeresses derive their precedence in the same way, whether they hold their highest-ranking title in their own right or by marriage. The ranks in the tables refer to peers rather than titles: if exceptions are named for a rank, these do not include peers of a higher rank (or any peers at all, in the case of baronets). No exceptions are named for most categories, owing to their large size.

Gentlemen

Royalty, archbishops, et al.

Royal family

Precedence is accorded to spouses, children and grandchildren of the reigning sovereign, as well as children and grandchildren of former sovereigns.[nb 1]

Title Holder Ref
The Sovereign (regardless of sex) HM The Queen
The Spouse of the Sovereign HRH The Duke of Edinburgh [nb 2] [3]
Eldest son of the Sovereign HRH The Prince of Wales [4]
Younger sons of the Sovereign HRH The Duke of York [4]
HRH The Earl of Wessex
Grandsons of the Sovereign HRH The Duke of Cambridge [5]
HRH The Duke of Sussex
Viscount Severn[6]
Peter Phillips
Brothers of the Sovereign None at present [7][4]
Uncles of the Sovereign None at present [4]
Nephews of the Sovereign The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Snowdon [4][8]
Grandsons of former Sovereigns
who are Dukes
HRH The Duke of Gloucester [7]
HRH The Duke of Kent
Grandsons of former Sovereigns
who are not Dukes
HRH Prince Michael of Kent

Archbishops, High Officers of State, et al.

Title Holder Ref
The Vicegerent in Spirituals None; vacant since 1540 [1][9]
The Archbishop of Canterbury The Most Rev. and Rt. Hon. Justin Welby [1]
The Lord High Steward None; ceremonial and only appointed for coronations [10]
The Lord High Chancellor The Rt. Hon. Robert Buckland, MP [9]
The Archbishop of York The Most Rev. and Rt. Hon. John Sentamu [1]
The Prime Minister The Rt. Hon. Boris Johnson, MP [nb 3]
The Lord High Treasurer None; in commission since 1714 [9]
The Lord President of the Council The Rt. Hon. Jacob Rees-Mogg, MP [9]
The Speaker of the House of Commons The Rt. Hon. John Bercow, MP [13]
The Lord Speaker of the House of Lords The Rt. Hon. The Lord Fowler [nb 4]
The President of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Hale of Richmond Office held by a woman [16]
The Lord Chief Justice The Rt. Hon. The Lord Burnett of Maldon [17]
The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park Office held by a woman [9]
The Ambassadors and High Commissioners to the United Kingdom in order of arrival [nb 5][18]
The Lord Great Chamberlain The Most Hon. The Marquess of Cholmondeley [9]
The Lord High Constable None; ceremonial and only appointed for coronations [9][19]
The Earl Marshal His Grace The Duke of Norfolk [9]
The Lord High Admiral HRH The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Office held by a member of the royal family [9]
The Lord Steward of the Household The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Dalhousie [9]
The Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Rt. Hon. The Earl Peel [9]
The Master of the Horse The Rt. Hon. The Lord de Mauley [nb 6]

Nobility, bishops, et al.

Dukes, et al.

Note Ref
Royal Dukes not grandsons of former Sovereigns None at present [7]
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation [21]
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland The 9th Duke of Leinster
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Eldest sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Earl of Ulster (son of the Duke of Gloucester) [nb 1]
Earl of St Andrews (son of the Duke of Kent)
Prince George of Cambridge (son of the Duke of Cambridge)
Archie Mountbatten-Windsor (son of the Duke of Sussex)
Ministers, envoys, and other very important visitors from foreign countries

Marquesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The 18th Marquess of Winchester
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [22]
Eldest sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Earls, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to the Decreet of Ranking of 1606 according to date of creation [23][24]
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [25][26]
Younger sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Lord Nicholas Windsor (second son of the Duke of Kent) [nb 1]
Prince Louis of Cambridge (second son of the Duke of Cambridge)
Eldest sons of Marquesses according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Viscounts, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The 19th Viscount Hereford
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Eldest sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders [27]
Lord Frederick Windsor (only son of Prince Michael of Kent) [7]
Younger sons of Marquesses ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Bishops

Title Holder Ref
Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords - ex officio The Bishop of London The Rt. Rev. The Rt. Hon. Dame Sarah Mullally Office held by a woman [28]
The Bishop of Durham The Rt. Rev. Paul Butler
The Bishop of Winchester The Rt. Rev. Tim Dakin
Other Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election [nb 7]
Other Diocesan Bishops ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election
Suffragan bishops ordered according to seniority of consecration
Retired Church of England diocesan archbishops and bishops ordered according to original date of confirmation of election

Barons/Lords of Parliament

Note Ref
Secretaries of State
Being of the degree of a Baron
None at present
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [nb 8]
[nb 9]
[29]
[30]
[31]
[32]
[33]
[34]
[35]

Gentry, et al.

Master of the Rolls and Supreme Court Justices

Title Holder Ref
The Master of the Rolls The Rt. Hon. Sir Terence Etherton [17]
The Deputy President of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. Lord Reed [16]
Justices of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. The Lord Kerr of Tonaghmore ranks higher as a baron. [16][nb 10]
The Rt. Hon. Lord Wilson of Culworth
The Rt. Hon. Lord Carnwath of Notting Hill
The Rt. Hon. Lord Hodge
The Rt. Hon. Lady Black of Derwent Office held by a woman
The Rt. Hon. Lord Lloyd-Jones
The Rt. Hon. Lord Briggs of Westbourne
The Rt. Hon. Lady Arden of Heswall Office held by a woman
The Rt. Hon. Lord Kitchin
The Rt. Hon. Lord Sales

Royal Household officials

Title Holder Ref
The Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal None; last appointed in 1850 [7]
The Treasurer of the Household Amanda Milling, MP
The Comptroller of the Household Jeremy Quin, MP
The Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Stuart Andrew, MP

Cabinet, et al.

Holder Ref
Secretaries of State
Under the degree of a Baron
for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs The Rt. Hon. Dominic Raab, MP [nb 11]
for Justice The Rt. Hon. Robert Buckland, MP [40]
for Exiting the European Union The Rt. Hon. Stephen Barclay, MP
for Defence The Rt. Hon. Ben Wallace, MP
for Health & Social Care The Rt. Hon. Matt Hancock, MP
for Education The Rt. Hon. Gavin Williamson, MP
for Housing, Communities and Local Government The Rt. Hon. Robert Jenrick, MP
for Transport The Rt. Hon. Grant Shapps, MP
for Northern Ireland The Rt. Hon. Julian Smith, MP
for Scotland The Rt. Hon. Alister Jack, MP
for Wales The Rt. Hon. Alun Cairns, MP
for International Development The Rt. Hon. Alok Sharma, MP
The Secretaries of State for the Home Department, Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, International Trade, Work and Pensions, the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and Digital, Culture, Media and Sport are Women
Eldest sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Eldest sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Knights of the Garter and Knights of the Thistle

Order Post-nominal letters Holder Ref
Knights of the Garter KG Sir Timothy Colman [41]
Sir Antony Acland
Sir John Major
Sir Thomas Dunne
Sir David Brewer
Knights of the Thistle KT Sir Eric Anderson [41]
Sir Ian Wood
Knights of St Patrick KP None; order dormant [nb 12]

Privy Counsellors, et al.

Privy Counsellors Holder Ref
Privy Counsellors (PC) Ordered according to date of oath-taking [nb 13]
The Chancellor of the Order of the Garter His Grace The Duke of Abercorn [42]
The Chancellor of the Exchequer The Rt. Hon. Sajid Javid, MP [43]
The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Rt. Hon. Michael Gove, MP [43]

Senior judges, et al.

Holder Ref
The Senior Judges The President of the Queen's Bench Division The Rt. Hon. Sir Brian Leveson [nb 14] [43]
The President of the Family Division The Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew McFarlane [43]
The Chancellor of the High Court The Rt. Hon. Sir Geoffrey Vos [43]
The Lords Justices of Appeal Ordered according to seniority of appointment [45]
The Judges of the High Court Ordered according to seniority of appointment [46]
Younger sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders
All sons of Life Peers according to the precedence of the peerage holders [nb 15]

Baronets

Post-nominal letters Ref
Baronets Bt [nb 16]

Knights

Level Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Knights Grand Cross Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath GCB
Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India GCSI [nb 17]
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George GCMG
Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire GCIE [nb 17]
Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order GCVO
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire GBE
Knights Commander Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath KCB
Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India KCSI [nb 18]
Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George KCMG
Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire KCIE [nb 19]
Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order KCVO
Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire KBE
Knights Bachelor Kt [nb 20]

Lower level judges, et al.

Title Holder Ref
The Vice-Chancellor of the County Palatine of Lancaster The Rt. Hon. Sir Alastair Norris [49]
The Recorder of London Nicholas Hilliard
The Recorders of Manchester and of Liverpool [50]
The Recorder of Liverpool Clement Goldstone
The Recorder of Manchester David Stockdale
The Common Serjeant of London
The Circuit Judges

Other lower ranks, including Esquires and Gentlemen

Companions, commanders, lieutenants and officers of various orders

Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Companions of the Order of the Bath CB
Companions of the Order of the Star of India CSI [nb 21]
Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George CMG
Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire CIE [nb 22]
Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order CVO
Commanders of the Order of the British Empire CBE
Companions of the Distinguished Service Order DSO
Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order LVO
Officers of the Order of the British Empire OBE
Companions of the Imperial Service Order ISO

Eldest sons of various grades

Note Ref
Eldest sons of younger sons of hereditary peers in their own right Ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Eldest sons of baronets Ordered according to the precedence of the baronets
Eldest sons of knights Ordered according to the precedence of the knights

Members of various orders

Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Members of the Royal Victorian Order MVO
Members of the Order of the British Empire MBE

Younger sons of various grades

Note Ref
Younger sons of baronets Ordered according to the precedence of the baronets
Younger sons of knights Ordered according to the precedence of the knights

Ladies

Royalty

The order of precedence accorded to women of the royal family differs depending on whether or not they are accompanied by a husband who is of higher precedence by birthright. Thus two tables are given below: the first outlines the order of precedence for women of the royal family when unaccompanied by a more senior ranking spouse. The second shows the order of precedence when female members of the royal family are joined by their spouses of the blood Royal. This is done because when unaccompanied, blood relations of the sovereign are always accorded higher precedence than those who are married in. For example, when not accompanied by the Prince of Wales, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, ranks after Princess Alexandra, The Honorable Lady Ogilvy; when with him, she ranks above all women other than the reigning sovereign and any queens dowager. The same goes for spouses of the Queen’s grandsons and their positioning with the Queen’s granddaughters. For example, as a Princess of the blood Royal, Princess Beatrice of York outranks Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge if Catherine is unaccompanied by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge.[51]

Order of Precedence for female members of the royal family when not accompanying their husbands

Title Holder Ref
The Queen HM The Queen
The Queens Dowager None surviving; most recently widowed first
Daughters of the Sovereign HRH The Princess Royal
Granddaughters of former Sovereigns HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy
Lady Sarah Chatto
Princess of Wales HRH The Duchess of Cornwall [52]
Granddaughters of the Monarch accorded Princely rank HRH Princess Beatrice of York
HRH Princess Eugenie of York
Granddaughters-in-law to Princely Grandsons of the Sovereign HRH The Duchess of Cambridge
HRH The Duchess of Sussex
Daughters-in-law of the Sovereign HRH The Countess of Wessex [53]
Granddaughters of the Sovereign without Princely rank Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor [54]
Zara Tindall
Granddaughters-in-law of the Sovereign Autumn Phillips
Aunts (by marriage) of the Sovereign None surviving [55]
Nieces (by marriage) of the Sovereign The Rt. Hon. The Countess of Snowdon [55][56]
Granddaughters-in-law of former Sovereigns
whose husbands are Dukes
HRH The Duchess of Gloucester
HRH The Duchess of Kent
Granddaughters-in-law of former Sovereigns
whose husbands are not Dukes
HRH Princess Michael of Kent

Order of Precedence for female members of the royal family when accompanying their husbands

Title Holder Ref
The Queen HM The Queen
The Queens Dowager None surviving; most recently widowed first
Daughters-in-law of the Sovereign HRH The Duchess of Cornwall[52] [57]
HRH The Countess of Wessex
Daughters of the Sovereign HRH The Princess Royal
Granddaughters-in-law of the Sovereign HRH The Duchess of Cambridge [58]
HRH The Duchess of Sussex
Autumn Phillips
Granddaughters of the Sovereign HRH The Princess Beatrice of York [5]
HRH The Princess Eugenie of York
Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor [54]
Zara Tindall
Sisters-in-law of the Sovereign None surviving [57]
Sisters of the Sovereign None surviving
Aunts (by marriage) of the Sovereign None surviving [57]
Aunts (by blood) of the Sovereign None surviving
Nieces (by marriage) of the Sovereign The Rt. Hon. The Countess of Snowdown [57][56]
Nieces (by blood) of the Sovereign Lady Sarah Chatto [59]
Granddaughters-in-law of former Sovereigns
whose husbands are Dukes
HRH The Duchess of Gloucester [57]
HRH The Duchess of Kent
Granddaughters-in-law of former Sovereigns
whose husbands are not Dukes
HRH Princess Michael of Kent [57]
Granddaughters of former Sovereigns HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy

High Officers of State, et al.

Title Holder Ref
The President of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Hale of Richmond
The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park
The Ambassadors and High Commissioners to the United Kingdom in order of arrival

Nobility and Bishops

Duchesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland The Duchess of Leinster
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of eldest sons of Royal Dukes The Countess of Ulster (wife of the Earl of Ulster)
The Countess of St Andrews (wife of the Earl of St Andrews)
Daughters of Royal Dukes Lady Davina Lewis (elder daughter of the Duke of Gloucester)
Lady Rose Gilman (younger daughter of the Duke of Gloucester)
Lady Helen Taylor (only daughter of the Duke of Kent)
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (only daughter of the Duke of Cambridge)
[nb 1]
Ministers, envoys, and other very important visitors from foreign countries

Marchionesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The Marchionesses of Winchester
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of the eldest sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Daughters of Dukes not married to peers

Countesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to the Decreet of Ranking of 1606 according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of younger sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Lady Nicholas Windsor
Wives of eldest sons of Marquesses according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Daughters of Marquesses not married to peers
Wives of younger sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Viscountesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The Viscountess Hereford
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of eldest sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Daughters of Earls not married to peers
Wives of younger sons of Marquesses ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Female Bishops

Title Holder Ref
Female Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords - ex officio The Bishop of London The Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Dame Sarah Mullally [28]
Other Female Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords
ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election
The Bishop of Gloucester The Rt. Rev. Rachel Treweek [nb 7]
The Bishop of Newcastle The Rt. Rev. Christine Hardman
The Bishop of Bristol The Rt. Rev. Vivienne Faull
The Bishop of Derby The Rt. Rev. Libby Lane
Other Female Diocesan Bishops
ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election
None at present
Female Suffragan bishops ordered according to seniority of consecration The Bishop of Ripon The Rt. Rev. Helen-Ann Hartley
The Bishop of Hull The Rt. Rev. Alison White
The Bishop of Taunton The Rt. Rev. Ruth Worsley
The Bishop of Aston The Rt. Rev. Anne Hollinghurst
The Bishop of Sherborne The Rt. Rev. Karen Gorham
The Bishop of Repton The Rt. Rev. Jan McFarlane
The Bishop of Dorking The Rt. Rev. Jo Bailey Wells
The Bishop of Loughborough The Rt. Rev. Guli Francis-Dehqani
The Bishop of Lancaster The Rt. Rev. Jill Duff
The Bishop of Crediton The Rt. Rev. Jackie Searle
The Bishop of Warrington The Rt. Rev. Beverley Mason
The Bishop of Penrith The Rt. Rev. Emma Ineson
The Bishop of Jarrow The Rt. Rev. Sarah Clark
The Bishop of Stepney The Rt. Rev. Joanne Grenfell
The Bishop of Shrewsbury The Rt. Rev. Sarah Bullock
The Bishop of Huntingdon The Rt. Rev. Dagmar Winter
The Bishop of Southampton The Rt. Rev. Debbie Sellin
Retired Female Church of England diocesan archbishops and bishops
ordered according to original date of confirmation of election
None at present

Baronesses

Note Ref
Secretaries of State
Being of the degree of a Baroness
None at present
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [nb 8]
[60]
[61]

Gentry, et al.

Supreme Court Justices

Title Holder Ref
Justices of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. Lady Black of Derwent [16]
The Rt. Hon. Lady Arden of Heswall

Cabinet, et al.

Holder Ref
Secretaries of State
Under the degree of a Baroness
for the Home Department The Rt. Hon. Priti Patel, MP
for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy The Rt. Hon. Andrea Leadsom, MP
for International Trade The Rt. Hon. Liz Truss, MP
for Work and Pensions The Rt. Hon. Amber Rudd, MP
for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs The Rt. Hon. Theresa Villiers, MP
for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport The Rt. Hon. Nicky Morgan, MP
Wives of Viscounts' eldest sons
Daughters of Viscounts not married to peers
Wives of younger sons of Earls
Wives of eldest sons of Barons
Daughters of Barons not married to peers

Ladies and Dames, et al.

Ladies of the Garter and Ladies of the Thistle

Order Post-nominal letters Holder Ref
Ladies of the Garter LG Lady Mary Fagan
Lady Mary Peters
[41]
Ladies of the Thistle LT None at present [41]

Wives of Knights of the Garter

Wife Husband who is/was member Ref
Lady (Valerie) Stephen Sir Ninian Stephen [62] [41]
Lady (June) Hilary Sir Edmund Hillary [63]
Lady (Mary) Colman Sir Timothy Colman
Lady (Rosamund) Gladstone Sir William Gladstone [64]
Lady (Jennifer) Acland Sir Antony Acland
Lady (Norma) Major Sir John Major [nb 23]
Lady (Henrietta) Dunne Sir Thomas Dunne
Lady (Tessa) Brewer Sir David Brewer

Wives of Knights of the Thistle

Wife Husband who is/was member Ref
Lady (Poppy) Anderson Sir Eric Anderson [41]
Lady (Gillian) Morrison Sir Garth Morrison [65]
Lady (Helen) Wood Sir Ian Wood

Privy Counsellors, et al.

Privy Counsellors Holder Ref
Privy Counsellors (PC) Ordered according to date of oath-taking [nb 13]

Senior judges, et al.

Holder Ref
The Lords Justices of Appeal Ordered according to seniority of appointment
The Judges of the High Court Ordered according to seniority of appointment [66]
Wives of younger sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Wives of younger sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Baronetesses in their own right None at present [nb 24]
Wives of Baronets

Dames

Level Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Dames Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath GCB
of the Order of St Michael and St George GCMG
of the Royal Victorian Order GCVO
of the Order of the British Empire GBE
Wives of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Dames Commander of the Order of the Bath DCB
of the Order of St Michael and St George KCMG
of the Royal Victorian Order DCVO
of the Order of the British Empire DBE [67]
Wives of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
of the Order of the Star of India
of the Order of St Michael and St George
of the Order of the Indian Empire
of the Royal Victorian Order
of the Order of the British Empire
Wives of Knights Bachelor

Lower level judges

Title Holder Ref
The Circuit Judges

Members of orders, et al.

  • Companions of orders
    • Companions of the Order of the Bath
    • Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
    • Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
    • Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Companions of the following Orders:
    • Order of the Bath
    • Order of the Star of India
    • Order of St Michael and St George
    • Order of the Indian Empire
    • Royal Victorian Order
    • Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Companions of the Distinguished Service Order
  • Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Companions of the Imperial Service Order
  • Wives of Companions of the Imperial Service Order

Wives and daughters of peers, baronets, and knights, et al.

  • Wives of the eldest sons of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Daughters of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Wives of the eldest sons of baronets
  • Daughters of baronets
  • Wives of eldest sons of knights:
    • Knights of the Garter
    • Knights of the Thistle
    • Knights of St Patrick
    • Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
    • Knights Commander
  • Daughters of knights:
    • Daughters of Knights of the Garter
    • Daughters of Knights of the Thistle
    • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
    • Daughters of Knights Commander
  • Members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Members of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of members of the Order of the British Empire

Wifes of younger sons

  • Wives of younger sons of baronets
  • Wives of younger sons of knights:
    • Knights of the Garter
    • Knights of the Thistle
    • Knights of St Patrick
    • Knights Grand Cross or Knights Grand Commander
    • Knights Commander

Local precedence

  • The Lord Lieutenant of the County
  • The High Sheriff of the County
  • The Lord Mayor
  • The (elected) mayor
  • The chairman of the county council
  • The deputy mayor
  • Aldermen
  • Councillors
  • Justices of the Peace
  • The clerk of the County Council
  • The town clerk
  • The chief constable
  • The county engineer or borough engineer

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d There is no specific place in the order for a great-grandchild of the Sovereign, no matter how senior in the order of succession. Prince George of Cambridge and Princess Charlotte of Cambridge are entitled to precedence as the eldest son and a daughter respectively of a Duke of the Blood Royal and Prince Louis of Cambridge is entitled to precedence as the younger son of a Duke of the Blood Royal, pursuant to the unrevoked Lord Chamberlain's Order of 1520 as amended in 1595.[1]
  2. ^ The Duke of Edinburgh was accorded precedence immediately after his wife's "except where otherwise provided by Act of Parliament" by Royal Warrant dated 18 September 1952.[2]
  3. ^ The title of Prime Minister was used unofficially in the 18th and 19th centuries for the First Lord of the Treasury; it first received official recognition with a Royal Warrant of 2 December 1905, which assigned the Prime Minister precedence immediately after that of the Archbishop of York.[11][12]
  4. ^ The speakership of the House of Lords was historically vested in the Lord Chancellor; following the creation of a separate office of Lord Speaker, its rank and precedence was established by Royal Warrant dated 4 July 2006 as being immediately after that of the Speaker of the House of Commons.[14][15]
  5. ^ When visiting the United Kingdom, cabinet ministers of foreign countries are given precedence immediately above that of their country's High Commissioner (if in the Commonwealth) or Ambassador (if not).
  6. ^ If the Master of the Horse holds a rank lower than a duke in the peerage, then by Royal Warrant dated 6 May 1907, he ranks next after the Lord Chamberlain.[20]
  7. ^ a b The number of bishops entitled to sit in the House of Lords has been fixed at 21 since the 16th century; they were all male until 2015, when women who are bishops began to be introduced to the House of Lords under the terms of the Lords Spiritual (Women) Act 2015.
  8. ^ a b Barons and baronesses for life created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 and the Life Peerages Act 1958.
  9. ^ Lord Chalfont is the only life peer who outranks hereditary barons in seniority of creation. Those are Baron Grimston of Westbury, Baron Renwick, Baron St Helens and Baron Margadale.
  10. ^ Justices of the Supreme Court who are not peers have the right to the courtesy title of "Lord" or "Lady" for life by authority of Royal Warrant issued 10 December 2010.[36][37]
  11. ^ The Prime Minister determines the order of precedence for Secretaries of State. If she is absent from a Cabinet meeting, the chair is assumed by the highest-ranking Secretary of State present; the same rule is followed in Cabinet committees when both their chair and deputy chair are absent.[38] The current order of precedence can be found in the website of the Prime Minister's Office.[39]
  12. ^ The last Knight, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, died in 1974.
  13. ^ a b Privy Counsellors who do not already rank higher are mostly current or former politicians, civil servants, royal household staff, clergy and judiciary.
  14. ^ This office was historically held jointly with that of Lord Chief Justice; following their separation, a Royal Warrant dated 30 September 2005 declared that "the rank and precedence of the President of the Queen's Bench Division shall be so placed as to be in order immediately before the President of the Family Division".[44]
  15. ^ Rank and precedence set by Royal Warrant, dated 21 July 1958.[47]
  16. ^ Baronetcies belong to either of five baronetages, namely the Baronetages of England (1611–1705), Nova Scotia (1625–1706), Ireland (1620–1799), Great Britain (1707–1800) and the United Kingdom (1801–present); this does not affect their precedence in relation to each other.
  17. ^ a b The last Knight Grand Commander, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, Maharaja of Travancore, died in 1991.
  18. ^ The last Knight Commander, Tej Singh Prabhakar, Maharaja of Alwar, died in 2009.
  19. ^ The last Knight Commander, Meghrajji III, Maharaja of Dhrangadhra-Halvad, died in 2010.
  20. ^ In formal documents the word Knight or the abbreviation Kt. may be added. This style is often adopted by Knights Bachelor who are also peers, baronets or knights of the various statutory orders.[48]
  21. ^ The last Companion, Ronald Brockman, died in 1999.
  22. ^ The last Companion, Ian Dixon Scott, died in 2002.
  23. ^ also titled Dame Norma Major, a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in her own right but with lower precedence.
  24. ^ The most recent, Anne Maxwell Macdonald, died in 2011.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Squibb, G.D. (1981). "The Lord Chamberlain's Order of 1520, as amended in 1595". Order of Precedence in England and Wales. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. pp. 99–101.
  2. ^ "No. 39657". The London Gazette. 30 September 1952. p. 5147.
  3. ^ Also Lord High Admiral since 10 June 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e House of Lords Precedence Act (31 Henry VIII C. 10), Section 4
  5. ^ a b ordered according to the rules of primogeniture
  6. ^ Legally HRH Prince James of Wessex according to the 1917 Letters Patent as a male-line grandchild of a monarch, but styled as an earl's son per his parents' wishes on their wedding day and the will of the Queen.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Order of Precedence in England and Wales". Heraldica. 2001. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  8. ^ Maximilian, Margrave of Baden (born 3 July 1933), Prince Ludwig of Baden (born 16 March 1937), Prince Karl of Hesse (born 26 March 1937), Prince Georg of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (born 24 November 1938), Prince Rainer of Hesse (born 18 November 1939) and Prince Georg of Hanover (born 9 December 1949) as Nephews of the Sovereign may use this when visiting the United Kingdom.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k House of Lords Precedence Act 1539 House of Lords Precedence Act (31 Henry VIII C. 10), Section 10
  10. ^ The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope was the recent Lord High Steward in the 1953 Coronation
  11. ^ Brazier, Rodney (1997). Ministers of the Crown. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-19-825988-3.
  12. ^ "No. 27860". The London Gazette. 5 December 1905. p. 8735.
  13. ^ "No. 31380". The London Gazette. 3 June 1919. p. 7059.
  14. ^ "The College of Arms Newsletter, No. 11". College of Arms. December 2006. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  15. ^ "No. 58050". The London Gazette. 21 July 2006. p. 9986.
  16. ^ a b c d "No. 59201". The London Gazette. 1 October 2009.
  17. ^ a b "No. 58529". The London Gazette. 30 November 2007. p. 17439.
  18. ^ "No. 38487". The London Gazette. 24 December 1948. p. 6670.
  19. ^ The Viscount Alanbrooke was the recent Lord High Constable in the 1953 Coronation
  20. ^ "No. 28019". The London Gazette. 7 May 1907. pp. 3080–3081.
  21. ^ Excepting The Duke of Norfolk, who ranks higher as Earl Marshal.
  22. ^ Excepting The Marquess of Cholmondeley, who ranks higher as Lord Great Chamberlain.
  23. ^ Excepting The Earl of Dalhousie, who ranks higher as Lord Steward of the Household.
  24. ^ Excepting The Baron Selkirk of Douglas who disclaimed the Earldom of Selkirk in 1994
  25. ^ Excepting The Earl of Wessex and The Earl of Snowdon, who rank higher as members of the royal family.
  26. ^ Excepting The Earl Peel, who ranks higher as Lord Chamberlain of the Household.
  27. ^ Excepting The Viscount Severn (son of the Earl of Wessex), who rank higher as member of the royal family.
  28. ^ a b Excepting The Archbishops of Canterbury and York who ranks higher as the Primate of All England and the Primate of England respectively.
  29. ^ Excepting The Lord Fowler, who ranks higher as Lord Speaker.
  30. ^ Excepting The Lord Burnett of Maldon, who ranks higher as Lord Chief Justice.
  31. ^ Excepting The Lord de Mauley, who ranks higher as Master of the Horse.
  32. ^ Excepting The Lord Carey of Clifton and The Lord Williams of Oystermouth, who rank higher as retired Archbishops of Canterbury.
  33. ^ Excepting The Lord Hope of Thornes, who ranks higher as a retired Archbishop of York.
  34. ^ Excepting The Lord Chartres who ranks higher as a retired Bishop of London.
  35. ^ Excepting The Lord Harries of Pentregarth who ranks higher as a retired Bishop of Oxford.
  36. ^ "Press Notice – Courtesy titles for Justices of the Supreme Court" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  37. ^ "No. 59746". The London Gazette. 1 April 2011. pp. 6177–6178.
  38. ^ Cabinet Office (2011). The Cabinet Manual (PDF). p. 35. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  39. ^ "Ministers". Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  40. ^ He ranks higher as Lord High Chancellor.
  41. ^ a b c d e f Who are not already ranked higher in precedence as peers or royalty.
  42. ^ He ranks higher as a non-royal duke.
  43. ^ a b c d e He ranks higher as a Privy Counsellor.
  44. ^ "No. 57794". The London Gazette. 24 October 2005. p. 13701.
  45. ^ Lords Justices of Appeal are customarily made Privy Counsellors, and thus rank accordingly.
  46. ^ Judges of the High Court are customarily made Knights Bachelor and thus rank accordingly, when they retire.
  47. ^ "No. 41454". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 July 1958. pp. 4641–4642.
  48. ^ "General information". Imperial Society of Knights Bachelor. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  49. ^ He ranks higher as a High Court judge;, it is customary for a High Court judge to be named to this position
  50. ^ In order of appointment
  51. ^ "Precedence Amongst Ladies in England and Wales". Debrett's. n.d. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  52. ^ a b Does not use the title Princess of Wales as its association with the previous holder, Diana, Princess of Wales.
  53. ^ Sarah, Duchess of York is a former Daughter-in-law of the Sovereign.
  54. ^ a b Legally HRH Princess Louise of Wessex according to the 1917 Letters Patent as a male-line grandchild of a monarch, but styled as an earl's son per his parents' wishes on their wedding day and the will of the Queen.
  55. ^ a b if not accompanying their husbands
  56. ^ a b Princess Charlotte and Princess Irma both wives of Kraft, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Princess Luise wife of Prince Georg of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Princess Maria-Hildegard wife of Prince Albrecht of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Valerie, Margravine of Baden, wife of Maximilian, Margrave of Baden, Princess Marianne wife of Prince Ludwig of Baden, Princess Yvonne wife of Prince Karl of Hesse, Princess Turiya widow of Prince Welf Ernst of Hanover and Princess Victoria wife of Prince Georg of Hanover as Nieces (by marriage) of the Sovereign may use this when visiting the United Kingdom.
  57. ^ a b c d e f if accompanying their husbands
  58. ^ if accompanying their husbands; ordered according to their husbands' precedence
  59. ^ Princess Dorothea of Hesse (born 24 July 1934), Princess Clarissa Alice of Hesse (born 6 February 1944) and Princess Friederike of Hanover (born 15 October 1954) as Nieces (by blood) of the Sovereign may use this when visiting the United Kingdom.
  60. ^ Excepting The Baroness Hale of Richmond, who ranks higher as the President of the Supreme Court.
  61. ^ Excepting The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, who ranks higher as Lord Privy Seal.
  62. ^ Widow of Sir Ninian Stephen who is an Australian Citizen may use this when visiting the United Kingdom.
  63. ^ Widow of Sir Edmund Hillary who is an New Zealand Citizen may use this when visiting the United Kingdom.
  64. ^ Widow of Sir William
  65. ^ Widow of Sir Garth Morrison
  66. ^ Judges of the High Court are customarily made Dame and thus rank accordingly, when they retire.
  67. ^ Dame Norma Major DBE also has a higher precedence as the wife of Sir John Major KG
British nobility

The British nobility is the peerage of the United Kingdom. The nobility of its four constituent home nations has played a major role in shaping the history of the country, although in the present day they retain only the rights to stand for election to the House of Lords, dining rights in the House of Lords, position in the formal order of precedence, the right to certain titles (see below), and the right to an audience with the monarch. Still, more than a third of British land is in the hands of aristocrats and traditional landed gentry.

Bruce Murray, 12th Duke of Atholl

Bruce George Ronald Murray, 12th Duke of Atholl (born 6 April 1960) is a South African-born hereditary peer in the Peerage of Scotland and Chief of Clan Murray. As Duke of Atholl, he has the right to raise Europe's only legal private army, named the Atholl Highlanders (a unique privilege granted to his family by Queen Victoria after visiting Blair Atholl in 1844).

Charles Paget, 8th Marquess of Anglesey

Charles Alexander Vaughan Paget, 8th Marquess of Anglesey (born 13 November 1950) is a British peer.

Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk

Edward William Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk, (born 2 December 1956), styled Earl of Arundel between 1975 and 2002, is a British peer who holds the office of Earl Marshal.

England and Wales

England and Wales (Welsh: Lloegr a Chymru) is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. ’England and Wales’ forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England and follows a single legal system, known as English law.

The devolved National Assembly for Wales (Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was created in 1999 by the Parliament of the United Kingdom under the Government of Wales Act 1998 and provides a degree of self-government in Wales. The powers of the Assembly were expanded by the Government of Wales Act 2006, which allows it to pass its own laws, and the Act also formally separated the Welsh Government from the Assembly. There is no equivalent body for England, which is directly governed by the Parliament and the government of the United Kingdom.

Eric Anderson (teacher)

Sir William Eric Kinloch Anderson, (born 27 May 1936), is a retired teacher and educator and was Provost of Eton College from September 2000 to 30 January 2009.

Ian Burnett, Baron Burnett of Maldon

Ian Duncan Burnett, Baron Burnett of Maldon, Kt PC (born 28 February 1958) is a British judge and the current Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales.

James Ramsay, 17th Earl of Dalhousie

James Hubert Ramsay, 17th Earl of Dalhousie, (born 17 January 1948), styled Lord Ramsay between 1950 and 1999, is a Scottish land-owner.

John Seymour, 19th Duke of Somerset

John Michael Edward Seymour, 19th Duke of Somerset, (born 30 December 1952), styled Lord Seymour between 1954 and 1984, is a British aristocratic landowner in Wiltshire and Devon, and a member of the House of Lords.

Marquess of Reading

Marquess of Reading is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1926 for Rufus Isaacs, 1st Earl of Reading, the former Viceroy of India and Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. He had already been created Baron Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1914, Viscount Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1916, and Viscount Erleigh, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, and Earl of Reading, in 1917.The marquessate of Reading is the highest title in the British peerage ever attained by a Jew, and is the most recently created extant marquessate in the Peerage of the United Kingdom (that of Willingdon was created in 1936 but became extinct in 1979). In this role, the marquessate of Reading is currently the junior-most marquessate in the Order of precedence in England and Wales.

Upon the death of the 1st Marquess of Reading, he was succeeded by his son, the second Marquess. He notably held ministerial office from 1951 to 1957 in the Conservative administrations of Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden. As of 2013 the titles are held by his grandson, the fourth Marquess, who succeeded his father in 1980.

In May 1804, the title of Baron Reading was offered to the outgoing Prime Minister, Henry Addington, who had many links with the largely pre-industrialised town, as a subsidiary title of the customary retirement earldom for Prime Ministers. However, Addington refused the honour, though later accepting a peerage as Viscount Sidmouth.

The family seat was Jaynes Court, near Bisley, Gloucestershire.

Natalie Evans, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park

Natalie Jessica Evans, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, (born 29 November 1975) is a British Conservative Party politician serving as Leader of the House of Lords. She was made a life peer in 2014.

Order of precedence

Order of precedence is a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of persons. Most often it is used in the context of people by many organizations and governments, for very formal and state occasions, especially where diplomats are present. It can also be used in the context of decorations, medals and awards. Historically, the order of precedence had a more widespread use, especially in court and aristocratic life.

A person's position in an order of precedence is not necessarily an indication of functional importance, but rather an indication of ceremonial or historical relevance; for instance, it may dictate where dignitaries are seated at formal dinners. The term is occasionally used to mean the order of succession—to determine who replaces the head of state in the event he or she is removed from office or incapacitated—as they are often identical, at least near the top.

What follows are the general orders of precedence for different countries for state purposes, such as diplomatic dinners, and are made under the assumption that such functions are held in the capital. When they are held in another city or region, local officials such as governors would be much higher up the order. There may also be more specific and local orders of precedence, for particular occasions or within particular institutions. Universities and the professions often have their own rules of precedence applying locally, based (for example) on university or professional rank, each rank then being ordered within itself on the basis of seniority (i.e. date of attaining that rank). Within an institution the officials of that institution are likely to rank much higher in the order than in a general order of precedence—the chancellor or president of a university may well precede anyone except a head of state for example. The same might be true for a mayor in his or her own city.

Royal dukedoms in the United Kingdom

In the British peerage, a royal duke is a member of the British royal family, entitled to the titular dignity of prince and the style of His Royal Highness, who holds a dukedom. Dukedoms are the highest titles in the British roll of peerage, and the holders of these particular dukedoms are Princes of the Blood Royal. The holders of the dukedoms are royal, not the titles themselves. They are titles created and bestowed on legitimate sons and male-line grandsons of the British monarch, usually upon reaching their majority or marriage. The titles can be inherited but cease to be called "royal" once they pass beyond the grandsons of a monarch. As with any peerage, once the title becomes extinct, it may subsequently be recreated by the reigning monarch at any time.

Thomas Dunne (Lord Lieutenant)

Sir Thomas Raymond Dunne, (born 24 October 1933) was the Lord Lieutenant of Hereford and Worcester from 1977, then (after the historic counties were restored) from 1998 the Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire until 2001 and the Lord Lieutenant of Herefordshire until 2008.

Tim Dakin

Timothy John "Tim" Dakin (born 6 February 1958) is an Anglican bishop. He was the General Secretary of the Church Mission Society (CMS) and the South American Missionary Society (SAMS) prior to his consecration. He has been the Bishop of Winchester since 2011 and is ex officio a Member of the House of Lords. He is additionally the Bishop for Higher and Further Education since 2013.

Timothy Colman

Sir Timothy James Alan Colman (born 19 September 1929) is a British businessman and a former Lord Lieutenant of Norfolk.Colman is from the Colman's mustard family. His father was Geoffrey Colman. He was educated at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, and joined the Royal Navy, leaving as a lieutenant in 1953, before commencing a business career. He subsequently joined the Castaways' Club. He was chairman of the Eastern Counties Newspaper Group from 1969 to 1996. Colman was appointed a Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1996.Sir Timothy was also a yachtsman, and claimed the record for the world's fastest yacht at 26.3 knots with Crossbow, a proa at the inception of the World Sailing Speed Record Council in 1972. He increased the record to 31.2 knots three years later, and then in 1980 his catamaran Crossbow II extended the record to 36 knots. It held the record for six years until being beaten by the sailboard of Pascal Maka of France. He is a member of the RYS (Royal Yacht Squadron)

Torquhil Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll

Torquhil Ian Campbell, 13th and 6th Duke of Argyll (born 29 May 1968), styled as Earl of Campbell before 1973 and as Marquess of Lorne between 1973 and 2001, is a Scottish peer.

The family's main seat is Inveraray Castle, although the Duke and Duchess spend time at other residences, including one in west London.

William Peel, 3rd Earl Peel

William James Robert Peel, 3rd Earl Peel, (born 3 October 1947), styled Viscount Clanfield until 1969, was a Conservative peer from 15 May 1973 until October 2006 when, on his appointment as Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household, he became a crossbench (non-party) member of the House of Lords.

Part of a series on the
Orders of precedence

Argentina

Australia

Bangladesh

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Brazil

Canada

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British Columbia
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Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
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China

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Kedah
Kelantan
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Negeri Sembilan
Pahang
Penang
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Perlis
Sabah
Sarawak
Selangor
Terengganu

Malta

New Zealand

Nepal

Norway

Pakistan

Poland

Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow (Alex K).svg Poland-Lithuania (hist.)

Portugal

Philippines

Romania

Russia

South Africa

South Korea

Spain

Sri Lanka

Singapore

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Switzerland

Thailand

Turkey

United Kingdom

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