Orange County, California

Orange County is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,010,232,[4] making it the third-most populous county in California, the sixth-most populous in the United States, and more populous than 21 U.S. states.[7] Its county seat is Santa Ana.[8] It is the second most densely populated county in the state, behind San Francisco County.[9] The county's four largest cities by population, Anaheim, Santa Ana (county seat), Irvine, and Huntington Beach, each have a population exceeding 200,000. Several of Orange County's cities are on the Pacific Ocean western coast, including Huntington Beach, Newport Beach, Laguna Beach, Dana Point, and San Clemente.

Orange County is included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Thirty-four incorporated towns and cities are in the county; the newest is Aliso Viejo, which was incorporated in 2001. Anaheim was the first city, incorporated in 1870 when the region was still part of neighboring Los Angeles County. Whereas most population centers in the United States tend to be identified by a major city with a large downtown central business district (CBD), Orange County has no single major downtown / CBD or dominant urban center. Santa Ana, Costa Mesa, and Irvine all have smaller high-rise CBDs, and other, older cities like Anaheim, Fullerton, Huntington Beach, and Orange have traditional American downtowns without high-rises. The county's northern and central portions are heavily urbanized and fairly dense, despite the prevalence of the single-family home as a dominant land use. Its southern portion is more suburban, with less density and limited urbanization. There are several "edge city"-style developments, such as Irvine Business Center, Newport Center, and South Coast Metro. Orange County is part of the "Tech Coast".

The county is a tourist center, with attractions like Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm, and several popular beaches along its more than 40 miles (64 km) of coastline. Throughout the 20th century and up until 2016, it was known for its political conservatism and for being a bastion for the Republican Party, with a 2005 academic study listing three Orange County cities as among America's 25 most conservative.[10] However, the county's changing demographics have resulted in a shift in political alignments. In 2016, Hillary Clinton became the first Democrat since 1936 to carry Orange County in a presidential election and in the 2018 midterm elections the Democratic Party gained control of every Congressional seat in the county. Although Democrats control all congressional districts in Orange County, Republicans still maintain a lead in voter registration numbers. Republicans also hold a 4-1 majority on the county Board of Supervisors. A majority of Orange County's state house members are also Republican. [11][12][13][14]

Orange County, California
County of Orange
The City of Newport Beach July 2014 photo D Ramey Logan
Huntington Pier Terminus
San Clemente CA Photo D Ramey Logan
Laguna Beach Bucht
Images, from top down, left to right: Aerial view of the coast of Newport Beach, Sleeping Beauty Castle in Disneyland, Huntington Beach Pier, San Clemente Pier, Laguna Beach
Flag of Orange County, California

Official seal of Orange County, California

Location within the state of California
Location within the state of California
Cities in the county
Cities in the county
Coordinates: 33°40′N 117°47′W / 33.67°N 117.78°WCoordinates: 33°40′N 117°47′W / 33.67°N 117.78°W
Country United States
State California
RegionGreater Los Angeles
IncorporatedAugust 1, 1889[1]
Named forThe orange, named so the county would sound like a semi-tropical, mediterranean region to people from the east coast[1]
County seat Santa Ana
Largest cities Anaheim (population)
Irvine (area)
 • Body
 • Total948 sq mi (2,460 km2)
 • Land799 sq mi (2,070 km2)
 • Water157 sq mi (410 km2)
Highest elevation5,690 ft (1,730 m)
 • Total3,010,232
 • Estimate 
 • Density3,200/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Demonym(s)Orange Countian
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area codes562, 657/714, 949
FIPS code06-059
GDP$244 billion[6]
Primary AirportLos Angeles International Airport
LAX (Major/International) John Wayne International Airport
SNA (Secondary/International)
Interstate HighwaysI-5 (CA).svg I-405 (CA).svg I-605 (CA).svg
U.S. RoutesHistoric US 101 (CA).svg
State RoutesCalifornia 1.svg California 22.svg California 39.svg California 55.svg California 57.svg California 72.svg California 73.svg California 74.svg California 90.svg California 91.svg California 133.svg California 142.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg
California 73.svg California 91.svg California 133.svg California 241.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg
California 261.svg
County RoutesOrange County N8.svg Orange County S18.svg Orange County S19.svg Orange County S25.svg
Rapid TransitOC Streetcar (under construction)
Commuter RailAmtrak logo.svg Metrolink icon.svg
CAHSR (planned)


Orange County map 1921
Orange County map, 1921
LagunaBeachCA photo D Ramey Logan
Laguna Beach (with Newport beach in background). Laguna beach is part of Orange county

Members of the Tongva, Juaneño, and Luiseño Native American groups long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Junipero Serra named the area Valle de Santa Ana (Valley of Saint Anne). On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's first permanent European settlement. Among those who came with Portolá were José Manuel Nieto and José Antonio Yorba. Both these men were given land grants—Rancho Los Nietos and Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana, respectively. The Nieto heirs were granted land in 1834. The Nieto ranches were known as Rancho Los Alamitos, Rancho Las Bolsas, and Rancho Los Coyotes. Yorba heirs Bernardo Yorba and Teodosio Yorba were also granted Rancho Cañón de Santa Ana (Santa Ana Canyon Ranch) and Rancho Lomas de Santiago, respectively. Other ranchos in Orange County were granted by the Mexican government during the Mexican period in Alta California.[15]

A severe drought in the 1860s devastated the prevailing industry, cattle ranching, and much land came into the possession of Richard O'Neill, Sr.,[16] James Irvine and other land barons. In 1887, silver was discovered in the Santa Ana Mountains, attracting settlers via the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific Railroads.

Los Angeles County Before OC Secession
Los Angeles County before the secession of Orange County in 1889

After several failed attempts in previous sessions, the California legislature passed a bill authorizing the portion of Los Angeles County south of Coyote Creek to hold a referendum on whether to remain part of Los Angeles County or to secede and form a new county to be named “Orange” as directed by the legislature. Such referendum required a 2/3 vote for secession to take place, and subsequently on June 4th, 1889, the residents south of Coyote Creek voted 2,509 to 500 in favor of secession. After such referendum, Los Angeles County filed three lawsuits in the courts to stall and stop the secession from occurring, but such attempts were futile. On July 17, 1889, a second referendum was held south of the Coyote Creek to determine if the county seat of the to-be county to be in either Anaheim or Santa Ana, along with an election for every county officer. In the end, Santa Ana defeated Anaheim in such referendum and elected right leaning officers, with some, including one of the primary lobbyists for the creation of the county, Henry W. Head, elected to the Board of Supervisors while being a member of the Ku Klux Klan (even though “...the Klan wasn't even supposed to exist at this time, with Bedford [ Nathan Bedford Forrest, Grand Wizard of the Klan] having officially told the Klan to disband and burn all belongings.”),[17] with Head’s son, Horace Head, elected as District Attorney of the soon to be county, who was known to, as stated by the OC Weekly, threaten “...any Mexicans who walked in front of their homes with shotguns when not burning crosses on front lawns,” along with Horace Head supporting and defending his fathers affiliation with the Ku Klux Klan. With the referendum taken place, the County of Orange was officially incorporated on August 1st, 1889, as prescribed by state law.[18] Since the date of the incorporation of the county, the only geographical changes to have occurred which affected Orange County was when the County and Los Angeles County agreed to trade land around Coyote Creek to adjust the border of the two counties to conform with city blocks.[17][19]

The county is said to have been named for the citrus fruit in an attempt to promote immigration by suggesting a semi-tropical paradise – a place where anything could grow.[20]

One of the few remaining farms near the ocean, 1975. Photo by Charles O'Rear.

Other citrus crops, avocados, and oil extraction were also important to the early economy. Orange County benefited from the July 4, 1904 completion of the Pacific Electric Railway, a trolley connecting Los Angeles with Santa Ana and Newport Beach. The link made Orange County an accessible weekend retreat for celebrities of early Hollywood. It was deemed so significant that Pacific City changed its name to Huntington Beach in honor of Henry E. Huntington, president of the Pacific Electric and nephew of Collis Huntington. Transportation further improved with the completion of the State Route and U.S. Route 101 (now mostly Interstate 5) in the 1920s.

Aerial view of central Orange County overlooking South Coast Metro, John Wayne Airport, and the Irvine business district
South Coast Metro area in central Orange County

Agriculture, such as that involving the boysenberries made famous by Buena Park native Walter Knott, began to decline after World War II. However, the county's prosperity soared during this time. The completion of Interstate 5 in 1954 helped make Orange County a bedroom community for many who moved to Southern California to work in aerospace and manufacturing. Orange County received a further boost in 1955 with the opening of Disneyland.

In 1969, Yorba Linda-born Orange County native Richard Nixon became the 37th President of the United States.

In the 1980s, Orange County had become the second most populous county in California as the population topped two million for the first time.

In 1994, an investment fund meltdown led to the criminal prosecution of treasurer Robert Citron. The county lost at least $1.5 billion through high-risk investments in bonds. The loss was blamed on derivatives by some media reports.[21] On December 6, 1994, the County of Orange declared Chapter 9 bankruptcy,[21] from which it emerged on June 12, 1996.[22] The Orange County bankruptcy was at the time the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.[21]

In recent years, land use conflicts have arisen between established areas in the north and less developed areas in the south. These conflicts have regarded issues such as construction of new toll roads and the repurposing of a decommissioned air base. El Toro Marine Corps Air Station was designated by a voter measure in 1994 to be developed into an international airport to complement the existing John Wayne Airport. But subsequent voter initiatives and court actions have caused the airport plan to be permanently shelved. Instead, it became the Orange County Great Park.[23]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 948 square miles (2,460 km2), of which 791 square miles (2,050 km2) is land and 157 square miles (410 km2) (16.6%) is water.[24] It is the smallest county in Southern California. The average annual temperature is about 68 °F (20 °C).

Orange County is bordered on the southwest by the Pacific Ocean, on the north by Los Angeles County, on the northeast by San Bernardino County and Riverside County, and on the southeast by San Diego County.

The northwestern part of the county lies on the coastal plain of the Los Angeles Basin, while the southeastern end rises into the foothills of the Santa Ana Mountains. Most of Orange County's population reside in one of two shallow coastal valleys that lie in the basin, the Santa Ana Valley and the Saddleback Valley. The Santa Ana Mountains lie within the eastern boundaries of the county and of the Cleveland National Forest. The high point is Santiago Peak (5,689 feet (1,734 m)[25]), about 20 mi (32 km) east of Santa Ana. Santiago Peak and nearby Modjeska Peak, just 200 feet (60 m) shorter, form a ridge known as Saddleback, visible from almost everywhere in the county. The Peralta Hills extend westward from the Santa Ana Mountains through the communities of Anaheim Hills, Orange, and ending in Olive. The Loma Ridge is another prominent feature, running parallel to the Santa Ana Mountains through the central part of the county, separated from the taller mountains to the east by Santiago Canyon.

The Santa Ana River is the county's principal watercourse, flowing through the middle of the county from northeast to southwest. Its major tributary to the south and east is Santiago Creek. Other watercourses within the county include Aliso Creek, San Juan Creek, and Horsethief Creek. In the North, the San Gabriel River also briefly crosses into Orange County and exits into the Pacific on the Los Angeles-Orange County line between the cities of Long Beach and Seal Beach. Laguna Beach is home to the county's only natural lakes, Laguna Lakes, which are formed by water rising up against an underground fault.

Three Arch Bay Photo Taken by pilot D Ramey Logan
Three Arch Bay in Laguna Beach is considered Southern Orange County

Residents sometimes divide the county into north Orange County and south Orange County. In effect, this is a division of the county into northwestern and southeastern halves following the county's natural diagonal orientation along the coast. This is more of a cultural and demographic distinction perpetuated by the popular television shows The OC, The Real Housewives of Orange County and Laguna Beach. The distinction exists between the older areas closer to Los Angeles and the more affluent and recently developed areas to the south. A transition between older and newer development may be considered to exist roughly parallel to State Route 55, also known as the Costa Mesa Freeway. This transition is accentuated by large flanking tracts of sparsely developed area occupied until recent years by agriculture and military airfields.

While there is a northeast to southwest topographic transition from elevated areas inland to the lower coastal band, there is no formal geographic division between North and South County. Perpendicular to that gradient, the Santa Ana River roughly divides the county into northwestern and southeastern sectors. Each sector comprises 40 to 60 percent of the county respectively by area. There are significant political, demographic, economic, and cultural distinctions between North and South Orange County, with North Orange County having greater populations of people of color, younger populations, greater percentages of renters, lower median incomes, higher rates of unemployment, and greater proportions of voters registered as Democrats than Republicans. However, certain areas in both North and South Orange County vary from these general trends.[26]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas



Places by population, race, and income


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20183,185,968[5]5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[34]
1790–1960[35] 1900–1990[36]
1990–2000[37] 2010–2015[4]
Density OC3
Orange County Density Map. Darker shades indicate more densely populated areas.

The 2010 United States Census reported that Orange County had a population of 3,010,232. The racial makeup of Orange County was 1,830,758 (60.8%) White (44.0% non-Hispanic white), 50,744 (1.7%) African American, 18,132 (0.6%) Native American, 537,804 (17.9%) Asian, 9,354 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 435,641 (14.5%) from other races, and 127,799 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,012,973 persons (33.7%).[38]

The Hispanic and Latino population is predominantly of Mexican origin; this group accounts for 28.5% of the county's population, followed by Salvadorans (0.8%), Guatemalans (0.5%), Puerto Ricans (0.4%), Cubans (0.3%), Colombians (0.3%), and Peruvians (0.3%).[39] Santa Ana with its population reportedly 75 percent Hispanic/Latino, is among the most Hispanic/Latino percentage cities in both California and the U.S., esp. of Mexican-American descent.[40] See also Logan Park (Santa Ana), the city's largest and oldest barrio.

Among the Asian population, 6.1% are Vietnamese, followed by Koreans (2.9%), Chinese (2.7%), Filipinos (2.4%), Indians (1.4%), Japanese (1.1%), Cambodians (0.2%) Pakistanis (0.2%), Thais (0.1%), Indonesians (0.1%), and Laotians (0.1%).[39] According to KPCC in 2014, Orange County has the largest proportion of Asian Americans in Southern California, where one in five residents are Asian American.[41] There is also a significant Muslim population in the county.[42]


As of the census[43] of 2000, there were 2,846,289 people, 935,287 households, and 667,794 families residing in the county, making Orange County the second most populous county in California. The population density was 1,392/km2 (3,606/sq mi). There were 969,484 housing units at an average density of 474/km2 (1,228/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 64.8% White, 13.6% Asian, 1.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 14.8% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. 30.8% are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.9% were of German, 6.9% English and 6.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 58.6% spoke only English at home; 25.3% spoke Spanish, 4.7% Vietnamese, 1.9% Korean, 1.5% Chinese (Cantonese or Mandarin) and 1.2% Tagalog.

In 1990, still according to the census[44] there were 2,410,556 people residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 78.6% White, 10.3% Asian or Pacific Islander, 1.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, and 8.8% from other races. 23.4% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Out of 935,287 households, 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% married couples were living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.48.

Ethnic change has been transforming the population. By 2009, nearly 45 percent of the residents spoke a language other than English at home. Whites now comprise only 45 percent of the population, while the numbers of Hispanics grow steadily, along with Vietnamese, Korean and Chinese families. The percentage of foreign-born residents jumped to 30 percent in 2008 from 6 percent in 1970. The mayor of Irvine, Sukhee Kang, was born in Korea, making him the first Korean-American to run a major American city. “We have 35 languages spoken in our city,” Kang observed.[45] The population is diverse age-wise, with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $61,899, and the median income for a family was $75,700 (these figures had risen to $71,601 and $81,260 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[46]). Males had a median income of $45,059 versus $34,026 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,826. About 7.0% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Residents of Orange County are known as "Orange Countians".[47]


Orange County is the base for several religious organizations:


OC Charter with Amendments circa. 2016.pdf
Charter of the County of Orange, with amendments through June 2016

Orange County is a charter county of California; its seat is Santa Ana.

The elected offices of the county government consist of the five-member Board of Supervisors, Assessor, Auditor-Controller, Clerk-Recorder, District Attorney-Public Administrator, Sheriff-Coroner, and Treasurer-Tax Collector. Except for the Board of Supervisors, each of these elected officers are elected by the voters of the entire county and oversee their own County departments.[54]

As of January 2019, the six countywide elected officers are:[54][55]

  • Assessor: Claude Parrish, Republican (since January 5, 2015)
  • Auditor-Controller: Eric Woolery, CPA, Republican (since January 5, 2015)
  • Clerk-Recorder: Hugh Nguyen, Republican (since April 3, 2013)
  • District Attorney-Public Administrator: Todd Spitzer, Republican (since January 7, 2019)
  • Sheriff-Coroner: Don Barnes, Republican (since January 7, 2019)
  • Treasurer-Tax Collector: Shari Freidenrich, CPA, Republican (since January 3, 2011)

A seventh countywide elected officer, the County Superintendent of Schools (jointly with an independently-elected County Board of Education) oversees the independent Orange County Department of Education.[56]

Board of Supervisors

Each of the five members of the Board of Supervisors is elected from a regional district, and together, the board oversees the activities of the county's agencies and departments and sets policy on development, public improvements, and county services. At the beginning of each calendar year, the Supervisors select a Chair and Vice Chair amongst themselves. The Chair presides over board meetings, and the Vice Chair presides when the Chair is not present. The Board appoints the Clerk of the Board of Supervisors, the County Counsel, the Performance Audit Director, and the Director of the Office of Independent Review. The Board also appoints the County Executive Officer to act as the chief administrative officer of the county and the manager of all agencies and departments not under the sole jurisdiction of an elected county official nor the sole jurisdiction of one of the four aforementioned officers appointed by the Board.[57]

As of March 2019, the members of the Orange County Board of Supervisors are:[54][55][57]

Department of Education

The County Department of Education is wholly separate from the County government and is jointly overseen by the elected County Superintendent of Schools and the five-member Orange County Board of Education, whose trustees are popularly elected from five separate trustee areas.[56]

As of January 2019, the six elected officials overseeing the Orange County Department of Education are:[55][58]

Pension scandal

On July 12, 2010, it was revealed that former Sheriff Mike Carona received over $215,000 in pension checks in 2009, despite his felony conviction.[59] A 2005 state law denied a public pension to public officials convicted of wrongdoing in office, however, that law only applied to benefits accrued after December 2005. Carona became eligible for his pension at age 50, and is also entitled, by law, to medical and dental benefits.[60][61] It was noted that the county's retirement system faces a massive shortfall totaling $3.7 billion unfunded liabilities, and Carona was one of approximately 400 retired Orange County public servants who received more than $100,000 in benefits in 2009.[62] Also on the list of those receiving extra-large pension checks is former treasurer-tax collector Robert Citron, whose investments, which were made while consulting psychics and astrologers, led Orange County into bankruptcy in 1994.[63]

Citron, a Democrat, funneled billions of public dollars into questionable investments, and at first the returns were high and cities, schools and special districts borrowed millions to join in the investments. But the strategy backfired, and Citron's investment pool lost $1.64 billion. Nearly $200 million had to be slashed from the county budget and more than 1,000 jobs were cut. The county was forced to borrow $1 billion.[64]

The California Foundation for Fiscal Responsibility filed a lawsuit against the pension system to get the list. The agency had claimed that pensioner privacy would be compromised by the release. A judge approved the release and the documents were released late June 2010. The release of the documents has reopened debate on the pension plan for retired public safety workers approved in 2001 when Carona was sheriff.[65]

Called "3 percent at 50," it lets deputies retire at age 50 with 3 percent of their highest year's pay for every year of service. Before it was approved and applied retroactively, employees received 2 percent.[66] "It was right after Sept. 11," said Orange County Supervisor John Moorlach. "All of a sudden, public safety people became elevated to god status. The Board of Supervisors were tripping over themselves to make the motion." He called it "one of the biggest shifts of money from the private sector to the public sector." Moorlach, who was not on the board when the plan was approved, led the fight to repeal the benefit. A lawsuit, which said the benefit should go before voters, was rejected in Los Angeles County Superior Court in 2009 and is now under appeal.[65] Carona opposed the lawsuit when it was filed, likening its filing to a "nuclear bomb" for deputies.


Orange County has long been known as a Republican stronghold and has consistently sent Republican representatives to the state and federal legislatures.[11] Republican majorities in Orange County helped deliver California's electoral votes to Republican nominees Richard Nixon in 1960, 1968 and 1972, Gerald Ford in 1976, Ronald Reagan in 1980 and 1984, and George H. W. Bush in 1988. As a measure of how Republican Orange County was during this period, it was one of only five counties in the state that voted for Barry Goldwater in 1964.

In 1936 Orange County gave Franklin D. Roosevelt a majority of its presidential vote. The Republican nominee won Orange County in the next 19 presidential elections, until Hillary Clinton won the county with a majority in 2016.[67][68]

The Republican margin began to narrow in the 1990s and 2000s as the state trended Democratic, until, in the 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party gained control of all seven Congressional districts in the county, including all four districts anchored in the county.[69] This prompted media outlets to declare Orange County's Republican leanings "dead", with the Los Angeles Times running an op-ed titled, "An obituary to old Orange County, dead at age 129."[11][12][13][14][70]

California's 73rd State Assembly district is widely considered the safest Republican state assembly seat and currently held by Bill Brough.[72][73] The highest ranking Republican elected official in California, Board of Equalization Vice Chair Diane Harkey, is also an Orange County resident.[74]

For the 116th United States Congress in the United States House of Representatives, Orange County is split between seven congressional districts:[76]

The 39th, 45th, 46th, and 48th districts are all centered in Orange County. The 38th and 47th have their population centers in Los Angeles County, while the 49th is primarily San Diego County-based.

In the California State Senate, Orange County is split into 5 districts:[77]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Orange County has 1,591,543 registered voters. Of these, 34% (541,711) are registered Republicans, and 33.3% (529,651) are registered Democrats. An additional 28.5% (453,343) declined to state a political party.[78]

Orange County has produced such notable Republicans as President Richard Nixon (born in Yorba Linda and lived in Fullerton and San Clemente), U.S. Senator John F. Seymour (previously mayor of Anaheim, California), and U.S. Senator Thomas Kuchel (of Anaheim). Former Congressman Christopher Cox (of Newport Beach), a White House counsel for President Reagan, is also a former chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Orange County was also home to former Republican Congressman John G. Schmitz, a presidential candidate in 1972 from the ultra-conservative American Independent Party and the father of Mary Kay Letourneau. In 1996, Curt Pringle (later mayor of Anaheim) became the first Republican Speaker of the California State Assembly in decades.

While the growth of the county's Hispanic and Asian populations in recent decades has significantly influenced Orange County's culture, its conservative reputation has remained largely intact. Partisan voter registration patterns of Hispanics, Asians and other ethnic minorities in the county have tended to reflect the surrounding demographics, with resultant Republican majorities in all but the central portion of the county. When Loretta Sanchez, a Blue Dog Democrat, defeated veteran Republican Bob Dornan in 1996, she was continuing a trend of Democratic representation of that district that had been interrupted by Dornan's 1984 upset of former Congressman Jerry Patterson. Until 1992, Sanchez herself was a moderate Republican, and she is viewed as somewhat more moderate than other Democrats from Southern California.

Republicans have responded to the influx of nonwhite immigrants by making more explicit efforts to court the Hispanic and Asian vote. In 2004, George W. Bush captured 60% of the county's vote, up from 56% in 2000 despite a higher Democratic popular vote statewide. Although Barbara Boxer won statewide, and fared better in Orange County than she did in 1998, Republican Bill Jones defeated her in the county, 51% to 43%. While the 39% that John Kerry received is higher than the percentage Bill Clinton won in 1992 or 1996, the percentage of the vote George W. Bush received in 2004 (60%) is the highest any presidential candidate has received since 1988, showing a still-dominant GOP presence in the county. In 2006, Senator Dianne Feinstein won 45% of the vote in the county, the best showing of a Democrat in a Senate race in over four decades, but Orange was nevertheless the only Coastal California county to vote for her Republican opponent, Dick Mountjoy. In terms of voter registration, the Democratic Party has a plurality or majority of registrations only in Buena Park, Laguna Beach, Santa Ana and Stanton.[79]

The county is featured prominently in Lisa McGirr's book Suburban Warriors: The Origins of the New American Right. She argues that the its conservative political orientation in the 20th century owed much to its settlement by farmers from the Great Plains, who reacted strongly to communist sympathies, the civil rights movement, and the turmoil of the 1960s in nearby Los Angeles — across the "Orange Curtain".

In the 1970s and 1980s, Orange County was one of California's leading Republican voting blocs and a subculture of residents with "Middle American" values that emphasized capitalist religious morality in contrast to West coast liberalism.

Orange County has many Republican voters from culturally conservative Asian-American, Middle Eastern and Latino immigrant groups. The large Vietnamese-American communities in Garden Grove and Westminster are predominantly Republican; Vietnamese Americans registered Republicans outnumber those registered as Democrats, 55% to 22%. Republican Assemblyman Van Tran was the first Vietnamese-American elected to a state legislature and joined with Texan Hubert Vo as the highest-ranking elected Vietnamese-American in the United States until the 2008 election of Joseph Cao in Louisiana's 2nd congressional district. In the 2007 special election for the vacant county supervisor seat following Democrat Lou Correa's election to the state senate, two Vietnamese-American Republican candidates topped the list of 10 candidates, separated from each other by only seven votes, making the Orange County Board of Supervisors entirely Republican; Correa is the sole Democrat to have served on the Board since 1987 and only the fifth since 1963.

Voter registration

Cities by population and voter registration

Former Congressional Districts


The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Population and crime rates
Population[27] 2,989,948
Violent crime[89] 7,429 2.48
  Homicide[89] 69 0.02
  Forcible rape[89] 456 0.15
  Robbery[89] 2,928 0.98
  Aggravated assault[89] 3,976 1.33
Property crime[89] 32,233 10.78
  Burglary[89] 10,938 3.66
  Larceny-theft[89][90] 43,511 14.55
  Motor vehicle theft[89] 6,245 2.09
Arson[89] 478 0.16

Cities by population and crime rates



The developing urban core in the City of Irvine.

Orange County is the headquarters of many Fortune 500 companies including Ingram Micro (#69) and First American Corporation (#312) in Santa Ana, Broadcom (#343) in Irvine, Western Digital (#439) in Lake Forest and Pacific Life (#452) in Newport Beach. Irvine is the home of numerous start-up companies and also is the home of Fortune 1000 headquarters for Allergan, Edwards Lifesciences, Epicor, and Sun Healthcare Group. Other Fortune 1000 companies in Orange County include Beckman Coulter in Brea, Quiksilver in Huntington Beach and Apria Healthcare Group in Lake Forest. Irvine is also the home of notable technology companies like PC-manufacturer Gateway Inc., router manufacturer Linksys, video/computer game creator Blizzard Entertainment, and in-flight product manufacturer Panasonic Avionics Corporation. Also, the prestigious Mercedes-Benz Classic Center USA is located in the City of Irvine. Many regional headquarters for international businesses reside in Orange County like Mazda, Toshiba, Toyota, Samsung, Kia Motors, in the City of Irvine, Mitsubishi in the City of Cypress, and Hyundai in the City of Fountain Valley. Fashion is another important industry to Orange County. Oakley, Inc. and Del Taco are headquartered in Lake Forest. Hurley International is headquartered in Costa Mesa. Both the network cyber security firm Milton Security Group and the shoe company Pleaser USA, Inc. are located in Fullerton. St. John is headquartered in Irvine. Tustin, California, is home to Ricoh Electronics, New American Funding, Safmarine and Rockwell Collins. Wet Seal is headquartered in Lake Forest. PacSun is headquartered in Anaheim.[92] Restaurants such as Taco Bell, El Pollo Loco, In-N-Out Burger, Claim Jumper, Marie Callender's, Wienerschnitzel, have headquarters in the city of Irvine as well. Gaikai also has its headquarters in the Orange County.


Orange County contains several notable shopping malls. Among these are South Coast Plaza (the largest mall in California, the third largest in the United States, and 31st largest in the world) in Costa Mesa and Fashion Island in Newport Beach. Other significant malls include the Brea Mall, Main Place Santa Ana, The Shops at Mission Viejo, The Outlets at Orange, the Irvine Spectrum Center, and Downtown Disney. The Outlets at San Clemente, which opened in November of 2015, are the newest addition to shopping in Orange County. [93]


Tourism remains a vital aspect of Orange County's economy. Anaheim is the main tourist hub, with the Disneyland Resort's Disneyland being the second most visited theme park in the world. Also Knotts Berry Farm which gets about 7 million visitors annually located in the city of Buena Park. The Anaheim Convention Center receives many major conventions throughout the year. Resorts within the Beach Cities receive visitors throughout the year due to their close proximity to the beach, biking paths, mountain hiking trails, golf courses, shopping and dining.


Orange County is the home of many colleges and universities, including:



Some institutions not based in Orange County operate satellite campuses, including the University of Southern California, National University, Pepperdine University, and Springfield College.

The Orange County Department of Education oversees 28 school districts.


Two television stations—KOCE-TV, the main PBS station in the Southland and KDOC-TV, an independent—are located in Orange County.

County-wide politics and government coverage is primarily provided by The Orange County Register and Voice of OC. OC Weekly is an alternative weekly publication, and Excélsior is a Spanish-language newspaper. A few communities are served by the Los Angeles Times' publication of the Daily Pilot. Orange Coast was established in 1974 and is the oldest continuously published lifestyle magazine in the region. OC Music Magazine is also based out of Orange County, serving local musicians and artists.

Orange County is served by radio stations from the Los Angeles area. There are a few radio stations that are actually located in Orange County. KYLA 92.7 FM has a Christian format. KSBR 88.5 FM airs a jazz music format branded as "Jazz-FM" along with news programming. KUCI 88.9 FM is a free form college radio station that broadcasts from UC Irvine. KWIZ 96.7 FM, located in Santa Ana, airs a regional Mexican music format branded as "La Rockola 96.7". KWVE-FM 107.9 is owned by the Calvary Chapel of Costa Mesa. KWVE-FM is also the primary Emergency Alert System station for the county. The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim also own and operate a sports-only radio station from Orange, KLAA. KX 93.5 FM broadcasts out of Laguna Beach and features an eclectic mix of mostly alternative rock.


Transit in Orange County is offered primarily by the Orange County Transportation Authority. The American Public Transportation Association (APTA) cited OCTA as the best large public transportation system in the United States for 2005. OCTA manages the county's bus network and funds the construction and maintenance of local streets, highways, and freeways; regulates taxicab services; maintains express toll lanes through the median of California State Route 91; and works with Southern California's Metrolink to provide commuter rail service along three lines—the Orange County Line, the 91 Line, and the Inland Empire-Orange County Line.

Major highways

So Cal Coastline photo D Ramey Logan
State Route 1 winds down the Orange County Coastline over Corona Del Mar state Beach

Ground transportation in Orange County relies heavily on three major interstate highways: the Santa Ana Freeway (I-5), the San Diego Freeway (I-405 and I-5 south of Irvine), and the San Gabriel River Freeway (I-605), which only briefly enters Orange County territory in the northwest. The other freeways in the county are state highways, and include the perpetually congested Riverside and Artesia Freeway (SR 91) and the Garden Grove Freeway (SR 22) running east-west, and the Orange Freeway (SR 57), the Costa Mesa Freeway (SR 55), the Laguna Freeway (SR 133), the San Joaquin Transportation Corridor (SR 73), the Eastern Transportation Corridor (SR 261, SR 133, SR 241), and the Foothill Transportation Corridor (SR 241) running north-south. Minor stub freeways include the Richard M. Nixon Freeway (SR 90), also known as Imperial Highway, and the southern terminus of Pacific Coast Highway (SR 1). There are no U.S. Highways in Orange County, though two existed in the county until the mid-1960s: 91 and 101. US 91 went through what is now the state route of the same number, and US 101 was replaced by Interstate 5. SR 1 was once a bypass of US 101 (Route 101A).


The bus network comprises 6,542 stops on 77 lines, running along most major streets, and accounts for 210,000 boardings a day. The fleet of 817 buses is gradually being replaced by CNG (Compressed natural gas)-powered vehicles, which already represent over 40% of the total fleet. Service is operated by OCTA employees and First Transit under contract. OCTA operates one bus rapid transit service, Bravo, on Harbor Boulevard. In addition, OCTA offers paratransit service for the disabled, also operated by MV.


Since 1992, Metrolink has operated three commuter rail lines through Orange County, and has also maintained Rail-to-Rail service with parallel Amtrak service. On a typical weekday, over 40 trains run along the Orange County Line, the 91 Line and the Inland Empire-Orange County Line. Along with Metrolink riders on parallel Amtrak lines, these lines generate approximately 15,000 boardings per weekday. Metrolink also began offering weekend service on the Orange County Line and the Inland Empire-Orange County line in the summer of 2006. As ridership has steadily increased in the region, new stations have opened at Anaheim Canyon, Buena Park, Tustin, and Laguna Niguel/Mission Viejo. Plans for a future station in Placentia are underway and is expected to be completed by 2020.

Since 1938, the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad and later Amtrak, has operated the Pacific Surfliner regional passenger train route (previously named the San Diegan until 2000)[94] through Orange County. The route includes stops at eight stations in Orange County including, in northbound order, San Clemente Pier (selected trips), San Juan Capistrano, Laguna Niguel/Mission Viejo (selected trips), Irvine, Santa Ana, Orange (selected trips), Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center (ARTIC), and Fullerton Transportation Center.

A streetcar line in Anaheim is undergoing environmental impact assessment. This line will connect the Disneyland Resort, Convention Center, and Angel Stadium to the ARTIC transportation hub, in the city of Anaheim.[95][96][97][98] The Santa Ana/Garden Grove Fixed Guideway Project plans a streetcar line connecting Downtown Santa Ana to the Depot at Santa Ana has completed the environmental document and is entering the design phase.[99] OCTA has also proposed connecting the two systems via Harbor Boulevard and the West Santa Ana Branch corridor.[100][101]


A car and passenger ferry service, the Balboa Island Ferry, comprising three ferries running every five minutes, operates within Newport Harbor between Balboa Peninsula and Balboa Island in Newport Beach. The Catalina Flyer connects the Balboa Peninsula to Avalon with daily round-trip passage through about nine months of the year. The Catalina Express connects Dana Point to Avalon (with departures from two greater Long Beach ports also connecting to Two Harbors).


Orange County's only major airport is John Wayne Airport. Although its abbreviation (SNA) refers to Santa Ana, the airport is in fact located in unincorporated territory surrounded by the cities of Newport Beach, Costa Mesa, and Irvine. Unincorporated Orange County (including the John Wayne Airport) has mailing addresses, which go through the Santa Ana Post Office. For this reason, SNA was chosen as the IATA Code for the airport. The actual Destination Moniker which appears on most Arrival/Departure Monitors in airports throughout the United States is "Orange County", which is the common nickname used for the OMB Metropolitan Designation: Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, California. Its modern Thomas F. Riley Terminal handles over 9 million passengers annually through 14 different airlines.

Arts and culture

Points of interest

1965 aerial photo of Anaheim Disneyland, Disneyland Hotel with its Monorail Station. The Disneyland Heliport, surrounding orange groves, Santa Ana Freeway (now I-5) and the Melodyland Theater "in the round," and part of the City of Anaheim. Anaheim Stadium can be seen under construction near the upper left.

The area's warm Mediterranean climate and 42 miles (68 km) of year-round beaches attract millions of tourists annually. Huntington Beach is a hot spot for sunbathing and surfing; nicknamed "Surf City, U.S.A.", it is home to many surfing competitions. "The Wedge", at the tip of The Balboa Peninsula in Newport Beach, is one of the most famous body surfing spots in the world. Southern California surf culture is prominent in Orange County's beach cities. Another one of these beach cities being Laguna Beach, just south of Newport Beach. A few popular beaches include A Thousand Steps on 9th Street, Main Street Beach, and The Montage. Other "local" beaches that are worth a visit are Tablerock Beach and West Street Beach, both located in South Laguna Beach.

Other tourist destinations include the theme parks Disneyland and Disney California Adventure Park in Anaheim and Knott's Berry Farm in Buena Park. Since the 2011 closure of Wild Rivers in Irvine, the county is home to just one water park: Soak City in Buena Park. The Anaheim Convention Center is the largest such facility on the West Coast. The old town area in the City of Orange (the traffic circle at the middle of Chapman Ave. at Glassell) still maintains its 1950s image, and appeared in the movie That Thing You Do!.

Little Saigon is another tourist destination, home to the largest concentration of Vietnamese people outside Vietnam. There are also sizable Taiwanese, Chinese, and Korean communities, particularly in western Orange County. This is evident in several Asian-influenced shopping centers in Asian American hubs like Irvine.

Historical points of interest include Mission San Juan Capistrano, the renowned destination of migrating swallows. The Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum is in Yorba Linda and the Richard Nixon Birthplace, on the grounds of the Library, is a National Historic Landmark. John Wayne's yacht, the Wild Goose or USS YMS-328, is in Newport Beach. Other notable structures include the home of Madame Helena Modjeska, in Modjeska Canyon on Santiago Creek; Ronald Reagan Federal Building and Courthouse in Santa Ana, the largest building in the county; the historic Balboa Pavilion[102] in Newport Beach; and the Huntington Beach Pier. The county has nationally known centers of worship, such as Crystal Cathedral in Garden Grove, the largest house of worship in California; Saddleback Church in Lake Forest, one of the largest churches in the United States; and the Calvary Chapel.

Since the fall 2003 premiere of the hit Fox series The O.C., and the 2007 Bravo series "The Real Housewives of Orange County", tourism has increased with travelers from across the globe hoping to see sights from the shows.

Orange County has some of the most exclusive and expensive neighborhoods in the U.S., many along the Orange Coast, and some in north Orange County.

In popular culture

Orange County has been the setting for numerous written works and motion pictures, as well as a popular location for shooting motion pictures.

The city of San Juan Capistrano is where writer Johnston McCulley set the first novella about Zorro, The Curse of Capistrano. It was published in 1919 and later renamed The Mark of Zorro.


Huntington Beach annually plays host to the U.S. Open of Surfing, AVP Pro Beach Volleyball and Vans World Championship of Skateboarding.[103] It was also the shooting location for Pro Beach Hockey.[104] USA Water Polo, Inc. has moved its headquarters to Huntington Beach.[105] Orange County's active outdoor culture is home to many surfers, skateboarders, mountain bikers, cyclists, climbers, hikers, kayaking, sailing and sand volleyball.

Street banners promoting the county's two major league teams, the Ducks and the Angels.

The Major League Baseball team in Orange County is the Los Angeles Angels. The team won the World Series under manager Mike Scioscia in 2002. In 2005, new owner Arte Moreno wanted to change the name to "Los Angeles Angels" in order to better tap into the Los Angeles media market, the second largest in the country. However, the standing agreement with the city of Anaheim demanded that they have "Anaheim" in the name, so they became the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. This name change was hotly disputed by the city of Anaheim, but the change stood and still stands today, which prompted a lawsuit by the city of Anaheim against Angels owner Arte Moreno, won by Moreno.

The county's National Hockey League team, the Anaheim Ducks, won the 2007 Stanley Cup beating the Ottawa Senators. They also came close to winning the 2003 Stanley Cup finals after losing in Game 7 against the New Jersey Devils.

The Toshiba Classic, the only PGA Champions Tour event in the area, is held each March at The Newport Beach Country Club. Past champions include Fred Couples (2010), Hale Irwin (1998 and 2002), Nick Price (2011), Bernhard Langer (2008) and Jay Haas (2007). The tournament benefits the Hoag Hospital Foundation and has raised over $16 million in its first 16 years.

Orange County SC is a United Soccer League team and are the only professional soccer club in Orange County. The team's first season was in 2011 and it was successful as Charlie Naimo's team made it to the quarter-finals of the playoffs. With home games played at Championship Soccer Stadium in Orange County Great Park the team looks to grow in the Orange County community and reach continued success. Former and current Orange County SC players include Richard Chaplow, Bright Dike, Maykel Galindo, Carlos Borja, and goalkeeper Amir Abedzadeh.

The National Football League football left the county when the Los Angeles Rams relocated to St. Louis in 1995. The Los Angeles Clippers played some home games at The Arrowhead Pond, now known as the Honda Center, from 1994 to 1999, before moving to Staples Center, which they share with the Los Angeles Lakers.



Unincorporated communities

These communities are outside of city limits in unincorporated county territory.

Planned communities

Orange County has a history of large planned communities. Nearly 30 percent of the county was created as master planned communities, the most notable being the City of Irvine, Coto de Caza, Anaheim Hills, Tustin Ranch, Tustin Legacy, Ladera Ranch, Talega, Rancho Santa Margarita, and Mission Viejo. Irvine is often referred to as a model master-planned city because its villages of Woodbridge, Northwood, University Park, and Turtle Rock that were laid out by the Irvine Company of the mid-1960s before it was bought by a group of investors that included Donald Bren.

See also


  1. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.


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Further reading

External links

Bolsa Chica State Beach

Bolsa Chica State Beach is a public ocean beach in Orange County, California, United States. It is located north of Huntington Beach and south of the community of Sunset Beach.

This beach is used for surf fishing, especially in the tidal inlet channel at the southern end. Fish include perch, croaker, cabezon, California corbina, and shovelnose guitarfish. At new and full moons during the summer, grunion emerge from the ocean to spawn on the beach. Under state law, these fish may be caught by hand with a fishing permit.

The beach extends 3 miles (5 km) from Warner Avenue in Sunset Beach south to Seapoint Avenue, where the Huntington City Beach begins. The Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve is located across the busy Pacific Coast Highway (PCH) from the beach and is a popular spot for birdwatching.

Lifeguards from the California State Parks Lifeguard Service patrol the beach year round and lifeguard towers are staffed during the summer.

Other recreational activities include surfing and camping. The Bolsa Chica bicycle path runs along the length of Bolsa Chica State Beach through Huntington City Beach. It is designed for leisurely cruises, and a speed limit of 5 mph (8 km/h) is enforced by lifeguards.

Costa Mesa, California

Costa Mesa () is a city in Orange County, California. Since its incorporation in 1953, the city has grown from a semi-rural farming community of 16,840 to a primarily suburban and edge city with an economy based on retail, commerce, and light manufacturing. The population was 109,960 at the 2010 United States Census.

Daniel Lee Corwin

Daniel Lee Corwin (born September 13, 1958 in Orange County, California - December 7, 1998 in Huntsville, Texas) was an American serial killer who was sentenced to death and executed for murdering three women.

Foothill High School (Orange County, California)

Foothill High School is a public secondary school located in Santa Ana, California. It has a mailing address of Santa Ana, but it is a part of the Tustin Unified School District. It is the only school in the Tustin Unified School District to offer the International Baccalaureate program. It is a recipient of multiple California Distinguished School and National Blue Ribbon School awards.

Golden Spoon

Golden Spoon Frozen Yogurt is a frozen yogurt retail chain headquartered in Rancho Santa Margarita, California. Stores are located in the western United States, mainly in California, Nevada and Arizona, and internationally in Tokyo and Sendai, Japan and Metro Manila, Philippines.Golden Spoon stores provide a variety of frozen yogurt flavors and toppings. Employees serve the yogurt in cones or cups with their signature golden plastic spoon.

Jason Lee (actor)

Jason Michael Lee (born April 25, 1970) is an American actor, photographer, producer, skateboarder and comedian. He is best known for his roles as Earl Hickey in the television comedy series My Name Is Earl, David Seville in the live action/CGI Alvin and the Chipmunks, and the voice of Syndrome in The Incredibles. He is also known for his roles in Kevin Smith films such as Mallrats, Chasing Amy, Dogma, Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back, Jersey Girl, Clerks II, and Cop Out.

A former professional skateboarder, Lee is the co-founder and co-owner of Stereo Skateboards, a company that manufactures and distributes skateboard decks, equipment and apparel.

John Stamos

John Phillip Stamos (Greek: Τζον Φίλλιπ Στάμος; STAY-mohss; born August 19, 1963) is an American actor, producer, musician, comedian and singer. He first gained recognition for his contract role as Blackie Parrish on the ABC television series General Hospital, for which he was nominated for the Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series. He is known for his work in television, especially in his starring role as Jesse Katsopolis on the ABC sitcom Full House. Since the show's finale in 1995, Stamos has appeared in numerous TV films and series. Since 2005, he has been the national spokesperson for Project Cuddle.From 2005 to 2009, Stamos had a starring role on the NBC medical drama ER as Dr. Tony Gates. In September 2009, he began playing the role of Albert in the Broadway revival of Bye Bye Birdie. From September 2015 to 2016, Stamos starred as the lead character in the Fox sitcom Grandfathered. As of 2016, he is an executive producer of the Netflix series Fuller House, in which he reprised the role of Jesse Katsopolis. Recently, he starred as Dr. Nicky in Lifetime's psychological thriller You.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Orange County, California

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Orange County, California.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Orange County, California, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a Google map. These historic sites reflect the region's Native American, Spanish and Mexican ethnic heritage. They include historic mansions from the eras of wealth created by citrus farming and oil discovery and reflect political leadership and scientific achievements, as well as other themes.

There are 125 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 2 National Historic Landmarks. Another property was once listed but has been removed.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019.

Orange County Bombers

The Orange County Bombers is a United States Australian Football League team, based in Orange County, California, United States. It was founded in 1998. They play in the Californian Australian Football League.

Orange County Transportation Authority

The Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) is the public sector transportation planning body and mass transit service provider for Orange County, California in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The agency is the second-largest public transportation provider in the metropolitan area after Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Its ancestor agencies include not only the prior Orange County Transit District but also such diverse entities as the Pacific Electric Railway and the South Coast Transit Corporation. In 2005, OCTA was judged America's Best Public Transportation System by the American Public Transportation Association, for its record gains in bus and Metrolink commuter trains ridership that it operates or funds. OCTA also operates the 91 Express Lanes.

The Authority's administrative offices are located in the city of Orange and it maintains bus operations bases in the cities of Garden Grove, and Santa Ana. First Transit operates about 40% of OCTA's Fixed Routes out of the Anaheim and Irvine bases. While MV Transportation operates OCTA's paratransit base for the authority’s ACCESS service also in Irvine.

Pick Up Stix

Pick Up Stix is a Laguna Hills, California based "fast-casual" restaurant chain that serves fresh Asian cuisine (or Chinese-American cuisine as well) through corporate-owned restaurants and franchises in Southern California. The company serves both dine-in and take-out customers, and offers offsite catering and some delivery services. It also supplies meals to private schools as part of a school lunch program. It is owned by Lorne Goldberg's Mandarin Holdings, parent company of Leeann Chin, who bought the company from Carlson Companies in 2010.All of the company's food is cooked-to-order over high-heat burners using traditional woks. In a readers poll in the June 2008 issue of San Diego Magazine, Pick Up Stix was named one of three "Best Takeout" restaurants in San Diego.

Rancho Santa Margarita, California

Rancho Santa Margarita () is a city in Orange County, California, United States. One of Orange County's youngest cities, Rancho Santa Margarita is a master-planned community. The population was 47,853 at the 2010 census, up from 47,214 at the 2000 census.

Although it is named for Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores, which was in San Diego County, the city limits fall within the borders of Rancho Mission Viejo. At 20 characters long, it is the longest city name in California.

San Clemente State Beach

San Clemente State Beach is a beach located in the south end of the city of San Clemente, California. Located halfway between Los Angeles and San Diego, it has been the most popular beach in the state of California since 1937.

Significant number of visitors are attracted to this beach due to its intense winds and dramatic location.

The majority of the visitors are water sport enthusiasts and those who wish to escape from inland heat and nearby metropolitan areas for the day.

Santa Ana, California

Santa Ana (Spanish for "Saint Anne") is the county seat and second most populous city in Orange County, California in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The United States Census Bureau estimated its 2011 population at 329,427, making Santa Ana the 57th most-populous city in the United States.

Santa Ana is in Southern California, adjacent to the Santa Ana River, about 10 miles (16 km) from the coast. Founded in 1869, the city is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, the second largest metropolitan area in the United States, with almost 18 million residents in 2010. Santa Ana is a very densely populated city, ranking fourth nationally in that regard among cities of over 300,000 residents (trailing only New York City, San Francisco, and Boston). In 2011, Forbes ranked Santa Ana the fourth-safest city of over 250,000 residents in the United States.Santa Ana lends its name to the Santa Ana Freeway (I-5), which runs through the city. It also shares its name with the nearby Santa Ana Mountains, and the Santa Ana winds, which have historically fueled seasonal wildfires throughout Southern California. The current Office of Management and Budget (OMB) metropolitan designation for the Orange County Area is Santa Ana–Anaheim–Irvine, California.

Santa Ana Valley

The Santa Ana Valley is located in Orange County, California and is bisected by the Santa Ana River. The valley is home to most of Orange County's central business districts. The cities of Anaheim, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Fullerton, Irvine, Orange, Placentia, Santa Ana, and Yorba Linda are located in the Santa Ana Valley.

Santiago Fire

The Santiago Fire was a wildfire located near Santiago Canyon in Orange County, California, U.S., and one of thirty California wildfires of October 2007. The fire was intentionally started.

Scrubbing In (TV series)

Scrubbing In is an American reality television series that aired on MTV from October 24 until December 26, 2013. It chronicles a group of travel nurses who relocated from across the United States to Orange County, California, where they work in a hospital together. The series premiere acquired 673,000 viewers.The show was cancelled after one season.

The Market Place (Orange County, California)

The Market Place (also known as the Tustin Market Place or the Tustin/Irvine Market Place) is an outdoor shopping center located in Orange County, California that straddles the borders of Tustin and Irvine. Opened in 1988, the center is located along Jamboree Road, just northeast of Interstate 5. Anchor tenants include Best Buy, Barnes & Noble, Dick's Sporting Goods, T.J. Maxx, The Home Depot, Target, and Edwards Theaters. The property is owned and managed by The Irvine Company.

Trabuco Canyon, California

Trabuco Canyon is a small unincorporated community located in the foothills of the Santa Ana Mountains in eastern Orange County, California, and lies partly within the Cleveland National Forest.

Trabuco Canyon is north of the town of Rancho Santa Margarita. Plano Trabuco Road leads from the top of the canyon south to Rancho Santa Margarita.

Population, race, and income
Total population[27] 2,989,948
  White[27] 1,852,969 62.0%
  Black or African American[27] 49,513 1.7%
  American Indian or Alaska Native[27] 12,548 0.4%
  Asian[27] 532,499 17.8%
  Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander[27] 9,331 0.3%
 Hispanic or Latino (of any race)[28] 994,279 33.3%
Per capita income[29] $34,416
Median household income[30] $75,762
Median family income[31] $85,009
Places by population and race
Place Type[32] Population[27] White[27] Other[27]
[note 1]
Asian[27] Black or African
Native American[27]
[note 2]
Hispanic or Latino
(of any race)[28]
Aliso Viejo City 47,037 71.3% 11.6% 13.6% 3.3% 0.1% 17.0%
Anaheim City 335,057 60.2% 21.8% 14.6% 2.7% 0.7% 53.0%
Anaheim Hills City 55,036 72.2% 4.6% 17.1% 2.0% 0.3% 12.1%
Brea City 38,837 71.0% 10.1% 17.5% 1.0% 0.5% 23.6%
Buena Park City 80,214 53.4% 14.9% 26.1% 4.5% 1.1% 37.7%
Costa Mesa City 109,796 70.6% 18.4% 8.7% 1.3% 1.0% 34.7%
Coto de Caza CDP 14,974 87.7% 4.8% 5.9% 1.5% 0.0% 6.1%
Cypress City 47,610 58.5% 7.5% 31.1% 2.1% 0.7% 18.1%
Dana Point City 33,510 89.4% 7.1% 2.8% 0.4% 0.3% 15.3%
Fountain Valley City 55,209 55.9% 7.1% 35.1% 1.4% 0.5% 12.6%
Fullerton City 134,079 53.6% 19.3% 23.3% 3.0% 0.7% 33.1%
Garden Grove City 170,148 43.2% 16.4% 37.8% 1.2% 1.4% 36.3%
Huntington Beach City 189,744 77.8% 9.5% 11.0% 0.8% 0.9% 17.1%
Irvine City 205,057 53.7% 6.2% 37.5% 1.8% 0.7% 9.4%
Ladera Ranch CDP 21,412 79.4% 8.4% 11.3% 0.8% 0.1% 15.6%
Laguna Beach City 22,808 91.2% 4.2% 3.7% 0.7% 0.2% 7.3%
Laguna Hills City 30,477 74.0% 13.4% 11.7% 0.5% 0.4% 18.6%
Laguna Niguel City 62,855 79.5% 8.2% 9.7% 2.1% 0.5% 12.5%
Laguna Woods City 16,276 88.0% 1.6% 9.5% 0.9% 0.0% 3.8%
La Habra City 60,117 54.8% 35.4% 7.2% 2.0% 0.6% 58.0%
Lake Forest City 77,111 67.3% 14.9% 15.1% 1.9% 0.7% 22.8%
La Palma City 15,536 40.4% 6.3% 45.7% 6.5% 1.1% 13.7%
Las Flores CDP 5,911 76.3% 8.1% 14.2% 1.0% 0.4% 12.5%
Los Alamitos City 11,442 73.0% 9.6% 13.7% 3.3% 0.4% 20.5%
Midway City CDP 8,052 35.2% 15.5% 47.1% 0.2% 1.9% 27.7%
Mission Viejo City 93,076 79.8% 9.1% 9.2% 1.3% 0.6% 15.3%
Newport Beach City 84,417 87.7% 3.9% 7.6% 0.6% 0.1% 7.1%
North Tustin CDP 24,572 84.9% 4.8% 8.9% 0.5% 0.9% 12.1%
Orange City 135,582 61.5% 24.3% 12.3% 1.3% 0.5% 37.9%
Placentia City 50,089 66.4% 16.6% 15.0% 1.6% 0.4% 38.2%
Rancho Santa Margarita City 47,769 78.0% 9.5% 10.6% 1.4% 0.5% 16.9%
Rossmoor CDP 10,099 88.0% 3.3% 8.1% 0.4% 0.2% 8.9%
San Clemente City 62,052 83.4% 10.7% 4.6% 0.6% 0.8% 14.8%
San Juan Capistrano City 34,455 70.6% 25.3% 3.3% 0.3% 0.5% 37.7%
Santa Ana City 325,517 42.1% 46.0% 10.1% 1.2% 0.7% 78.7%
Seal Beach City 24,157 83.2% 6.2% 9.6% 0.5% 0.5% 10.6%
Stanton City 38,141 44.4% 29.5% 22.0% 2.8% 1.3% 47.7%
Sunset Beach CDP 1,486 87.7% 5.1% 2.7% 4.5% 0.0% 5.5%
Tustin City 74,625 56.6% 19.5% 20.8% 2.0% 1.1% 37.9%
Villa Park City 5,825 76.1% 8.4% 15.3% 0.1% 0.0% 8.1%
Westminster City 89,440 40.1% 11.1% 47.2% 0.8% 0.8% 22.3%
Yorba Linda City 63,578 75.7% 6.4% 15.5% 1.6% 0.7% 14.5%
Places by population and income
Place Type[32] Population[33] Per capita income[29] Median household income[30] Median family income[31]
Aliso Viejo City 47,037 $44,646 $99,095 $113,183
Anaheim City 335,057 $23,109 $59,330 $63,180
Anaheim Hills City 55,036 $52,195 $123,260 $148,360
Brea City 38,837 $36,195 $81,278 $98,159
Buena Park City 80,214 $23,470 $64,809 $68,872
Costa Mesa City 109,796 $33,800 $65,471 $74,201
Coto de Caza CDP 14,974 $65,625 $164,385 $176,686
Cypress City 47,610 $32,815 $82,954 $92,276
Dana Point City 33,510 $51,431 $83,306 $101,186
Fountain Valley City 55,209 $35,487 $81,661 $91,003
Fullerton City 134,079 $30,967 $69,432 $78,812
Garden Grove City 170,148 $21,066 $60,036 $62,820
Huntington Beach City 189,744 $42,127 $80,901 $99,038
Irvine City 205,057 $43,102 $92,599 $109,762
Ladera Ranch CDP 21,412 $48,671 $132,475 $143,857
Laguna Beach City 22,808 $81,591 $99,190 $139,833
Laguna Hills City 30,477 $44,751 $85,971 $105,385
Laguna Niguel City 62,855 $51,491 $100,480 $119,757
Laguna Woods City 16,276 $36,017 $35,393 $50,332
La Habra City 60,117 $24,589 $63,356 $69,028
Lake Forest City 77,111 $39,844 $94,632 $108,211
La Palma City 15,536 $34,475 $84,693 $92,757
Las Flores CDP 5,911 $46,717 $128,269 $135,046
Los Alamitos City 11,442 $38,527 $79,861 $90,409
Midway City CDP 8,052 $18,610 $46,714 $55,168
Mission Viejo City 93,076 $41,436 $96,420 $109,693
Newport Beach City 84,417 $80,872 $108,946 $151,773
North Tustin CDP 24,572 $55,038 $109,629 $119,543
Orange City 135,582 $32,797 $78,654 $88,423
Placentia City 50,089 $30,451 $78,364 $90,372
Rancho Santa Margarita City 47,769 $41,787 $104,167 $116,540
Rossmoor CDP 10,099 $51,210 $108,427 $119,727
San Clemente City 62,052 $47,894 $89,289 $107,524
San Juan Capistrano City 34,455 $39,097 $73,806 $86,744
Santa Ana City 325,517 $16,564 $54,399 $53,111
Seal Beach City 24,157 $44,115 $50,958 $94,035
Stanton City 38,141 $20,558 $51,933 $53,968
Sunset Beach CDP 1,486 $47,415 $68,036 $109,125
Tustin City 74,625 $32,854 $73,231 $80,963
Villa Park City 5,825 $71,697 $151,139 $165,833
Westminster City 89,440 $23,201 $56,867 $61,145
Yorba Linda City 63,578 $49,485 $115,291 $128,528
Population reported at 2010 United States Census
The County
two or
more races
or Latino
(of any race)
Orange County 3,010,232 1,830,758 67,708 18,132 537,804 9,354 435,641 127,799 1,012,973
two or
more races
or Latino
(of any race)
Aliso Viejo 47,823 34,437 967 151 6,996 89 2,446 2,737 8,164
Anaheim 336,265 177,237 9,347 2,648 49,857 1,607 80,705 14,864 177,467
Brea 39,282 26,363 1,549 190 7,144 69 3,236 1,731 9,817
Buena Park 80,530 36,454 3,073 862 21,488 455 14,066 4,132 31,638
Costa Mesa 109,960 75,335 1,640 686 8,654 527 17,992 5,126 39,403
Cypress 47,802 26,000 1,444 289 14,978 234 2,497 2,360 8,779
Dana Point 33,351 28,701 294 229 1,064 37 1,952 1,074 5,662
Fountain Valley 55,313 31,225 1,510 229 18,418 171 2,445 2,315 7,250
Fullerton 135,161 72,845 4,138 842 30,788 321 21,439 5,788 46,501
Garden Grove 170,883 68,149 3,155 983 63,451 1,110 28,916 6,119 63,079
Huntington Beach 189,992 145,661 1,813 992 21,070 635 11,193 8,628 32,411
Irvine 212,375 107,215 3,868 355 83,176 334 5,867 11,710 19,621
La Habra 60,239 35,147 1,025 531 5,653 103 15,224 2,556 34,449
La Palma 15,568 5,762 802 56 7,483 41 760 664 2,487
Laguna Beach 22,723 20,645 278 61 811 15 350 663 1,650
Laguna Hills 30,344 22,045 520 101 3,829 58 2,470 1,421 6,242
Laguna Niguel 62,979 50,625 877 219 5,459 87 3,019 2,793 8,761
Laguna Woods 16,192 14,133 110 24 1,624 10 90 201 650
Lake Forest 77,264 54,341 1,695 384 10,115 191 7,267 3,671 19,024
Los Alamitos 11,449 8,131 324 51 1,471 50 726 696 2,418
Mission Viejo 93,305 74,493 1,710 379 8,462 153 4,332 4,276 15,877
Newport Beach 85,186 74,357 616 223 5,982 114 1,401 2,493 6,174
Orange 136,416 91,522 3,627 993 15,350 352 20,567 5,405 52,014
Placentia 50,533 31,373 914 386 7,531 74 8,247 2,008 18,416
Rancho Santa Margarita 47,853 37,421 887 182 4,350 102 2,674 2,237 8,902
San Clemente 63,522 54,605 511 363 2,333 90 3,433 2,287 10,702
San Juan Capistrano 34,593 26,664 293 286 975 33 5,234 1,208 13,388
Santa Ana 324,528 148,838 6,356 3,260 34,138 976 120,789 11,671 253,928
Seal Beach 24,168 20,154 279 65 2,309 58 453 850 2,331
Stanton 38,186 16,991 3,358 405 8,831 217 9,274 1,610 19,417
Tustin 75,540 39,729 2,722 442 15,299 268 14,499 3,581 30,024
Villa Park 5,812 4,550 92 34 854 1 162 169 598
Westminster 89,701 32,037 2,849 397 42,597 361 10,229 3,231 21,176
Yorba Linda 64,234 48,246 835 230 10,030 85 2,256 2,552 9,220
two or
more races
or Latino
(of any race)
Coto de Caza 14,866 13,094 132 26 878 20 174 542 1,170
Ladera Ranch 22,980 17,899 335 54 2,774 27 624 1,267 2,952
Las Flores 5,971 4,488 91 23 780 12 261 316 984
Midway City 8,485 2,884 71 65 3,994 40 1,165 266 2,467
North Tustin 24,917 20,836 148 104 1,994 52 908 875 3,260
Rossmoor 10,244 8,691 84 36 838 29 168 398 1,174
two or
more races
or Latino
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 32,726 20,572 4,365 290 3,934 144 6,113 1,272 13,247
Population and registered voters
Total population[27] 3,172,532
  Registered voters[80][note 3] 1,543,618 active 1,878,049 total 59.20% total
    Democratic[80] 523,416 33.0%
    Republican[80] 575,699 36.0%
    Democratic–Republican spread[80] -52,283 -3.0%
    American Independent[80] 40,497 2.6%
    Green[80] 5,207 0.3%
    Libertarian[80] 13,358 0.9%
    Peace and Freedom[80] 3,988 0.3%
    Other[80] 3,856 0.2%
    No party preference[80] 379,055 24.6%
Cities by population and voter registration
City Population[27] Registered voters[80][note 3] Democratic[80] Republican[80] D–R spread[80] Other[80] No party preference[80]
Aliso Viejo 47,037 51.8% 31.5% 36.1% -4.6% 4.9% 27.5%
Anaheim 335,057 35.9% 41.7% 30.6% +11.1% 3.9% 23.7%
Brea 38,837 55.8% 29.7% 43.3% -13.6% 3.9% 23.0%
Buena Park 80,214 39.3% 41.7% 29.8% +11.9% 3.6% 24.9%
Costa Mesa 109,796 45.2% 32.2% 34.8% -2.6% 6.0% 27.0%
Cypress 47,610 51.8% 34.0% 36.9% -2.9% 3.9% 25.2%
Dana Point 33,510 61.4% 26.6% 45.1% -18.5% 5.1% 23.2%
Fountain Valley 55,209 56.4% 29.4% 41.8% -12.4% 4.2% 24.6%
Fullerton 134,079 46.5% 36.8% 35.2% +1.6% 4.2% 23.8%
Garden Grove 170,148 38.0% 38.0% 31.8% +6.2% 3.9% 26.3%
Huntington Beach 189,744 57.7% 28.9% 42.9% -14.0% 5.0% 23.2%
Irvine 205,057 50.8% 35.1% 28.6% +6.5% 4.0% 32.4%
La Habra 60,117 38.8% 38.6% 33.7% +4.9% 4.5% 23.2%
La Palma 15,536 49.3% 37.0% 34.2% +2.8% 3.3% 25.5%
Laguna Beach 22,808 71.7% 37.8% 33.0% +4.8% 5.2% 23.9%
Laguna Hills 30,477 55.7% 28.8% 41.9% -12.1% 4.6% 24.7%
Laguna Niguel 62,855 59.6% 28.3% 43.3% -15.0% 4.7% 23.6%
Laguna Woods 16,276 80.5% 36.3% 38.8% -2.5% 3.6% 21.4%
Lake Forest 77,111 51.0% 29.2% 41.1% -11.9% 4.9% 24.8%
Los Alamitos 11,442 51.5% 33.5% 39.0% -5.5% 4.9% 22.6%
Mission Viejo 93,076 59.2% 27.9% 44.5% -16.6% 4.7% 23.1%
Newport Beach 84,417 65.6% 21.5% 52.2% -30.7% 4.2% 22.1%
Orange 135,582 46.5% 32.2% 40.1% -7.9% 4.7% 22.9%
Placentia 50,089 48.9% 30.9% 41.6% -10.7% 4.3% 23.2%
Rancho Santa Margarita 47,769 53.6% 26.2% 45.0% -18.8% 4.3% 24.4%
San Clemente 62,052 59.9% 24.6% 47.6% -23.0% 5.4% 22.5%
San Juan Capistrano 34,455 50.8% 28.1% 45.3% -17.2% 4.9% 21.7%
Santa Ana 325,517 26.8% 54.8% 18.3% +36.5% 3.5% 23.4%
Seal Beach 24,157 68.9% 34.0% 42.3% -8.3% 4.1% 19.5%
Stanton 38,141 30.8% 45.9% 25.7% +20.2% 3.8% 24.6%
Tustin 74,625 40.2% 35.4% 31.9% +3.5% 4.4% 28.3%
Villa Park 5,825 71.9% 19.3% 59.5% -40.2% 3.1% 18.2%
Westminster 89,440 42.7% 32.1% 35.4% -3.3% 4.2% 28.2%
Yorba Linda 63,578 63.7% 22.2% 53.3% -31.1% 3.6% 20.7%
Former Congressional Districts by Year
Year Congressional District(s)
1885-1893 6
1893-1903[81][82] 7
1903-1913[81][83] 8
1913-1933 11
1933-1943[81][84] 19
1943-1953[81][85] 22
1953-1963[81][86] 28
1963-1973[81][87] 34, 35
1973-1983 38, 39, 40
1983-1993 38, 39, 40
1993-2003 40, 46, 47, 48
2003-2013[81][88] 40, 42, 44, 46, 47, 48
Cities by population and crime rates
City Population[91] Violent crimes[91] Violent crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Property crimes[91] Property crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Aliso Viejo 48,999 43 0.88 415 8.47
Anaheim 344,526 1,279 3.71 10,070 29.23
Brea 40,253 74 1.84 1,292 32.10
Buena Park 82,505 206 2.50 2,066 25.04
Costa Mesa 112,635 254 2.26 4,079 36.21
Cypress 48,976 56 1.14 1,018 20.79
Dana Point 34,172 65 1.90 604 17.68
Fountain Valley 56,674 106 1.87 1,469 25.92
Fullerton 138,455 452 3.26 3,937 28.44
Garden Grove 175,079 439 2.51 4,017 22.94
Huntington Beach 194,677 313 1.61 5,470 28.10
Irvine 217,528 110 0.51 3,304 15.19
Laguna Beach 23,283 57 2.45 548 23.54
Laguna Hills 31,090 29 0.93 620 19.94
Laguna Niguel 64,533 47 0.73 764 11.84
Laguna Woods 16,590 4 0.24 148 8.92
La Habra 61,731 147 2.38 1,150 18.63
Lake Forest 79,166 107 1.35 1,088 13.74
La Palma 15,954 18 1.13 340 21.31
Los Alamitos 11,728 27 2.30 357 30.44
Mission Viejo 95,599 73 0.76 1,197 12.52
Newport Beach 87,286 101 1.16 2,151 24.64
Orange 139,692 135 0.97 2,833 20.28
Placentia 51,778 107 2.07 906 17.50
Rancho Santa Margarita 49,038 27 0.55 319 6.51
San Clemente 65,089 75 1.15 839 12.89
San Juan Capistrano 35,449 59 1.66 519 14.64
Santa Ana 332,482 1,334 4.01 7,389 22.22
Seal Beach 24,764 17 0.69 545 22.01
Stanton 39,124 104 2.66 630 16.10
Tustin 77,400 114 1.47 1,653 21.36
Villa Park 5,956 2 0.34 87 14.61
Westminster 91,908 284 3.09 2,875 31.28
Yorba Linda 65,820 53 0.81 787 11.96
Places adjacent to Orange County, California
Municipalities and communities of Orange County, California, United States
Ghost towns
San Gabriel River watershed
Santa Ana River watershed
Newport Bay watershed
Aliso Creek tributaries
San Juan Creek watershed
Major city
3.8 million
Cities over 250K
Cities and towns
Bodies of water
Central city
Cities and towns
Other towns
Other communities
Area regions
Bodies of water
Metro regions
Most populous

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