Orange Bowl

The Orange Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in the Miami metropolitan area. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, making it, along with the Sugar Bowl and the Sun Bowl, the second-oldest bowl game in the country, behind the Rose Bowl (first played 1902, played annually since 1916). The Orange Bowl is one of the New Year's Six, the top bowl games for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision.

The Orange Bowl was originally held in the city of Miami at Miami Field before moving to the Miami Orange Bowl stadium in 1938. In 1996, it moved to Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. Since December 2014, the game has been sponsored by Capital One and officially known as the Capital One Orange Bowl. Previous sponsors include Discover Financial (2011–January 2014) and Federal Express/FedEx (1989–2010).

In its early years, the Orange Bowl had no defined conference tie-ins; it often pitted a team from the southeastern part of the country against a team from the central or northeastern states. From the 1950s until the mid-1990s, the Orange Bowl had a strong relationship with the Big Eight Conference. The champion (or runner-up in years in which the “no-repeat” rule was invoked) was invited to the bowl game in most years during this time; the 1979 Orange Bowl even had two representatives from the Big Eight. Opponents of the Big Eight varied; but were often major independents, runners-up in the Southeastern Conference (SEC), or champions of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). Since 2007, the Orange Bowl has hosted the ACC champion—unless they are involved in the national championship playoff, in which case another high-ranking ACC team team takes their place)[1]—and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion.

In the 1990s, the Orange Bowl was a member of the Bowl Coalition, but kept its Big Eight tie-in. It was later a member of the Bowl Alliance. From 1998 to 2013, The Orange Bowl was a member of the now-defunct Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The Orange Bowl served as the BCS National Championship Game in 2001 and 2005. However, beginning with the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game became a stand-alone event, hosted by the local bowl organization about one week following the New Year's Day bowl games (including the Orange Bowl). Under that format, the Orange Bowl Committee hosted two separate games in both 2009 (the 2009 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2009 BCS National Championship Game on January 8) and in 2013 (the 2013 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2013 BCS National Championship Game on January 7) at all the same venue. The BCS ended after the 2013 season, being replaced by the current College Football Playoff (CFP). The Orange Bowl has served as one of six bowls in the CFP since the 2014 season; it hosted a national semifinal following the 2015 and 2018 seasons.

Orange Bowl
Capital One Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl logo
StadiumHard Rock Stadium
LocationMiami Gardens, Florida (Dec. 1996–1998, 2000–present)
Previous stadiumsMiami Field (1935–1937)
Miami Orange Bowl (1938–Jan. 1996, 1999)
Previous locationsMiami, Florida (1935–Jan. 1996, 1999)
Conference tie-insACC (1999–present)
SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame (Dec. 2014–present)
CFP (Dec. 2014–present)
Previous conference tie-insBig Eight (1976–Jan. 1996)
Big East (1999–2006)
BCS (1999–Jan. 2014)
PayoutUS$35 million/conference (As of 2009)
FedEx (1989–2010)
Discover Financial (2011–Jan. 2014)
Capital One (Dec. 2014–present)
Former names
Orange Bowl (1935–1988)
Federal Express Orange Bowl (1989–1993)
FedEx Orange Bowl (1994–2010)
Discover Orange Bowl (2011–Jan. 2014)
2017 matchup
Wisconsin vs. Miami (Wisconsin 34–24)
2018 matchup
Alabama vs. Oklahoma (Alabama 45–34)


Early roots

In 1890, Pasadena, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities. As one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding an American football game.[2]

In 1926, leaders in Miami, Florida, decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics" that was centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders- Earnest E Seiler, later revived the idea with the "Palm Festival" (with the slogan "Have a Green Christmas in Miami").[3]

Palm Festival Game

In 1932, George E. Hussey, official greeter of Miami, organized the first Festival of Palms Bowl, a predecessor of the Orange Bowl. With Miami suffering from both the Great Depression and the preceding Florida land bust, Hussey and other Miamians sought to help its economy by organizing a game similar to Pasadena's Rose Bowl.

Two games were played in this series at Moore Park in Miami, both pitting an invited opponent against a local team, the University of Miami. In the first game, played on January 2, 1933, Miami defeated Manhattan College 7–0. In the second game, played on New Year's Day 1934, Duquesne defeated Miami 33–7. Duquesne was coached by Elmer Layden one of the Four Horseman of Notre Dame.

These games are not recognized as bowl games by the NCAA because one team was guaranteed a berth regardless of record. However, following the success of these games, backers organized another game for New Year's Day 1935 under the Orange Bowl name. This game, unlike the Palm Festival Games, did not automatically grant a berth to one team, although the University of Miami was again a participant. For this reason, the 1935 Orange Bowl was later recognized by the NCAA as an official bowl game.[4]

Modern game

The Orange Bowl was played at Miami Field[5] (located where Miami Orange Bowl was later built) from 1935 to 1937, the Miami Orange Bowl from 1938 to 1996 and 1999, and was moved to its current site, Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, in December 1996. The game was moved back to the namesake stadium in 1999 (which would be the final bowl game ever in the Miami Orange Bowl) because the game was played on the same day the Miami Dolphins hosted an NFL Wild Card Playoff game. Coincidentally, both of those games were aired on ABC.

On January 1, 1965, the Texas vs. Alabama Orange Bowl was the first college bowl game to be televised live in prime time.[6]

2008 Orange Bowl Trophy
Orange Bowl trophy
John F. Kennedy at the Orange Bowl (1963)
John F. Kennedy at the Orange Bowl, 1963

From 1968, the game usually featured the champion of the former Big Eight Conference. When the Big Eight Conference absorbed four members of the defunct Southwest Conference in 1996, the newly formed Big 12 Conference moved its conference champion tie-in to the Fiesta Bowl. Since 1998, however, with the creation of the Bowl Championship Series system, team selection for the Orange Bowl is now tied into the other three BCS Bowls.

From 1998 to 2005, the game hosted the champion of either the ACC or Big East conferences, unless they were invited to the National Championship game, or if the Orange Bowl itself was hosting the national championship matchup.

Starting with the 2006 season, the Orange Bowl has been exclusively tied with the ACC and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion. As one of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bowl games, the site of the Orange Bowl also hosted the national championship game one week after the Orange Bowl game; it did so on a four-year rotating basis with the other three BCS games (the others being the Sugar, Fiesta, and Rose Bowls).

King Orange Jamboree Parade

From 1936 to 2001, the Orange Bowl Committee also sponsored a parade. In its heyday, the parade was a nighttime New Year's Eve tradition, televised nationally with lighted floats and displays going down part of Biscayne Boulevard in downtown Miami, FL. However ratings dropped and the national television contract was lost in 1997, causing the parade to quickly become a shell of its former self since there were no sponsors for the elaborate floats. As a result, the committee chose to bring this tradition to an end in early 2002.[7]

The very first King Orange Jamboree Parade was held the day before the 1936 game with 30 floats at an expense of $40,000 ($653,933 in 2012 dollars[8]).[9] Babs Beckwith was chosen as the first Orange Bowl queen.[9][10]

Future games

The Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) is locked into a 12-year deal with the Orange Bowl, so if the ACC champion qualifies for the playoffs in a year when the Orange Bowl is not a semifinal host, the next-highest ranked ACC team will play in the Orange Bowl. For the secondary tie-ins: The Southeastern Conference (SEC) and the Big Ten Conference are guaranteed three appearances each, and the University of Notre Dame can play in a maximum of two games, but is not guaranteed any appearances. The ACC team's opponent in a given year will be the highest-ranked available team from the SEC, Big Ten (this always excludes the SEC and Big Ten champions. If an SEC or Big Ten team – or teams – qualify for the College Football Playoff, the next available team would also be excluded from participating in the Orange Bowl due to contractual obligations with the Sugar and Rose Bowls, respectively), and Notre Dame, subject to these constraints. Also, should this highest-ranked team create a rematch with the ACC team, the Orange Bowl has the option of passing over that team for the next-highest ranked team among the Big Ten, SEC, and Notre Dame, again subject to the above contractual constraints. The College Football Playoff committee's rankings will be used to select the ACC's opponent. The other four will be College Football Playoff berths. ESPN holds the television rights for 12 years as well.[11]

Game results

Rankings are based on the AP Poll prior to the game being played.

Date played Winning team Losing team Venue Attendance[12] Notes
January 1, 1935 Bucknell 26 Miami (Florida) 0 Miami Field 5,134 notes
January 1, 1936 Catholic 20 Mississippi 19 6,568 notes
January 1, 1937 #14 Duquesne 13 Mississippi State 12 9,210 notes
January 1, 1938 Auburn 6 Michigan State 0 Miami Orange Bowl 18,972 notes
January 2, 1939 #2 Tennessee 17 #4 Oklahoma 0 32,191 notes
January 1, 1940 #16 Georgia Tech 21 #6 Missouri 7 29,278 notes
January 1, 1941 #9 Mississippi State 14 #13 Georgetown 7 29,554 notes
January 1, 1942 #14 Georgia 40 TCU 26 35,786 notes
January 1, 1943 #10 Alabama 37 #8 Boston College 21 25,166 notes
January 1, 1944 LSU 19 Texas A&M 14 25,203 notes
January 1, 1945 Tulsa 26 #13 Georgia Tech 12 23,279 notes
January 1, 1946 Miami (Florida) 13 #16 Holy Cross 6 35,709 notes
January 1, 1947 #10 Rice 8 #7 Tennessee 0 36,152 notes
January 1, 1948 #10 Georgia Tech 20 #12 Kansas 14 59,578 notes
January 1, 1949 Texas 41 #8 Georgia 28 60,523 notes
January 2, 1950 #15 Santa Clara 21 #11 Kentucky 13 64,816 notes
January 1, 1951 #10 Clemson 15 #15 Miami (Florida) 14 65,181 notes
January 1, 1952 #6 Georgia Tech 17 #9 Baylor 14 65,839 notes
January 1, 1953 #9 Alabama 61 #14 Syracuse 6 66,280 notes
January 1, 1954 #4 Oklahoma 7 #1 Maryland 0 68,640 notes
January 1, 1955 #14 Duke 34 Nebraska 7 68,750 notes
January 2, 1956 #1 Oklahoma 20 #3 Maryland 6 76,561 notes
January 1, 1957 #20 Colorado 27 #19 Clemson 21 73,280 notes
January 1, 1958 #4 Oklahoma 48 #16 Duke 21 76,561 notes
January 1, 1959 #5 Oklahoma 21 #9 Syracuse 6 75,281 notes
January 1, 1960 #5 Georgia 14 #18 Missouri 0 72,186 notes
January 2, 1961 #5 Missouri 21 #4 Navy 14 72,212 notes
January 1, 1962 #4 LSU 25 #7 Colorado 7 68,150 notes
January 1, 1963 #5 Alabama 17 #8 Oklahoma 0 72,880 notes
January 1, 1964 #6 Nebraska 13 #5 Auburn 7 72,647 notes
January 1, 1965 #5 Texas 21 #1 Alabama 17 72,647 notes
January 1, 1966 #4 Alabama 39 #3 Nebraska 28 72,214 notes
January 2, 1967 Florida 27 #8 Georgia Tech 12 72,426 notes
January 1, 1968 #3 Oklahoma 26 #2 Tennessee 24 77,993 notes
January 1, 1969 #3 Penn State 15 #6 Kansas 14 77,719 notes
January 1, 1970 #2 Penn State 10 #6 Missouri 3 77,282 notes
January 1, 1971 #3 Nebraska 17 #5 LSU 12 80,699 notes
January 1, 1972 #1 Nebraska 38 #2 Alabama 6 78,151 notes
January 1, 1973 #9 Nebraska 40 #12 Notre Dame 6 80,010 notes
January 1, 1974 #6 Penn State 16 #13 LSU 9 60,477 notes
January 1, 1975 #9 Notre Dame 13 #2 Alabama 11 71,801 notes
January 1, 1976 #3 Oklahoma 14 #5 Michigan 6 76,799 notes
January 1, 1977 #11 Ohio State 27 #12 Colorado 10 65,537 notes
January 2, 1978 #6 Arkansas 31 #2 Oklahoma 6 60,987 notes
January 1, 1979 #4 Oklahoma 31 #6 Nebraska 24 66,365 notes
January 1, 1980 #5 Oklahoma 24 #4 Florida State 7 66,714 notes
January 1, 1981 #4 Oklahoma 18 #2 Florida State 17 71,043 notes
January 1, 1982 #1 Clemson 22 #4 Nebraska 15 72,748 notes
January 1, 1983 #3 Nebraska 21 #13 LSU 20 68,713 notes
January 2, 1984 #5 Miami (Florida) 31 #1 Nebraska 30 72,549 notes
January 1, 1985 #4 Washington 28 #2 Oklahoma 17 56,294 notes
January 1, 1986 #3 Oklahoma 25 #1 Penn State 10 74,178 notes
January 1, 1987 #3 Oklahoma 42 #9 Arkansas 8 52,717 notes
January 1, 1988 #2 Miami (Florida) 20 #1 Oklahoma 14 74,760 notes
January 2, 1989 #2 Miami (Florida) 23 #6 Nebraska 3 79,480 notes
January 1, 1990 #4 Notre Dame 21 #1 Colorado 6 81,190 notes
January 1, 1991 #1 Colorado 10 #5 Notre Dame 9 77,062 notes
January 1, 1992 #1 Miami (Florida) 22 #11 Nebraska 0 77,747 notes
January 1, 1993 #3 Florida State 27 #11 Nebraska 14 57,324 notes
January 1, 1994BC #1 Florida State 18 #2 Nebraska 16 81,536 notes
January 1, 1995BC #1 Nebraska 24 #3 Miami (Florida) 17 81,753 notes
January 1, 1996 #6 Florida State 31 #8 Notre Dame 26 72,198 notes
December 31, 1996 #6 Nebraska 41 #10 Virginia Tech 21 Pro Player Stadium@ 63,297 notes
January 2, 1998BA #2 Nebraska 42 #3 Tennessee 17 74,002 notes
January 2, 1999 #7 Florida 31 #18 Syracuse 10 Miami Orange Bowldagger 67,919 notes
January 1, 2000 #8 Michigan 35 #5 Alabama 34 Pro Player Stadium@ 70,461 notes
January 3, 2001BCS #1 Oklahoma 13 #3 Florida State 2 76,835 notes
January 2, 2002 #5 Florida 56 #6 Maryland 23 73,640 notes
January 2, 2003 #5 USC 38 #3 Iowa 17 75,971 notes
January 1, 2004 #10 Miami (Florida) 16 #9 Florida State 14 76,739 notes
January 4, 2005BCS #1 USCdaggerdagger 55 #2 Oklahoma 19 77,912 notes
January 3, 2006 #3 Penn State 26 #22 Florida State 23 Dolphins Stadium@ 77,773 notes
January 2, 2007 #5 Louisville 24 #15 Wake Forest 13 Dolphin Stadium@ 74,470 notes
January 3, 2008 #8 Kansas 24 #5 Virginia Tech 21 74,111 notes
January 1, 2009 #21 Virginia Tech 20 #12 Cincinnati 7 73,602 notes
January 5, 2010 #10 Iowa 24 #9 Georgia Tech 14 Land Shark Stadium@ 66,131 notes
January 3, 2011 #5 Stanford 40 #12 Virginia Tech 12 Sun Life Stadium@ 65,453 notes
January 4, 2012 #17 West Virginia 70 #22 Clemson 33 67,563 notes
January 1, 2013 #13 Florida State 31 #16 Northern Illinois 10 72,073 notes
January 3, 2014 #12 Clemson 40 #7 Ohio State 35 72,080 notes
December 31, 2014 #10 Georgia Tech 49 #8 Mississippi State 34 58,211 notes
December 31, 2015CFP #1 Clemson 37 #4 Oklahoma 17 67,615 notes
December 30, 2016 #10 Florida State 33 #6 Michigan 32 Hard Rock Stadium 67,432 notes
December 30, 2017 #6 Wisconsin 34 #11 Miami (Florida) 24 65,326 notes
December 29, 2018CFP #1 Alabama 45 #4 Oklahoma 34 66,203 notes
^BC Denotes Bowl Coalition Championship Game
^BA Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship Game
^BCS Denotes BCS National Championship Game
^CFP Denotes College Football Playoff semifinal game
^@ Denotes a historical name for what is now Hard Rock Stadium
dagger Due to an NFL scheduling conflict, the 1999 game was played at the Miami Orange Bowl
daggerdagger USC vacated their 2005 victory due to NCAA sanctions


Year played MVP Team Position
1965 Joe Namath Alabama QB
1966 Steve Sloan Alabama QB
1967 Larry Smith Florida TB
1968 Bob Warmack Oklahoma QB
1969 Donnie Shanklin Kansas HB
1970 Chuck Burkhart Penn State QB
Mike Reid Penn State DT
1971 Jerry Tagge Nebraska QB
Willie Harper Nebraska DE
1972 Jerry Tagge Nebraska QB
Rich Glover Nebraska DG
1973 Johnny Rodgers Nebraska WB
Rich Glover Nebraska DG
1974 Tom Shuman Penn State QB
Randy Crowder Penn State DT
1975 Wayne Bullock Notre Dame FB
Leroy Cook Alabama DE
1976 Steve Davis Oklahoma QB
Lee Roy Selmon Oklahoma DT
1977 Rod Gerald Ohio State QB
Tom Cousineau Ohio State LB
1978 Roland Sales Arkansas RB
Reggie Freeman Arkansas NG
1979 Billy Sims Oklahoma RB
Reggie Kinlaw Oklahoma NG
1980 J. C. Watts Oklahoma QB
Bud Hebert Oklahoma FS
1981 J. C. Watts Oklahoma QB
Jarvis Coursey Florida State DE
1982 Homer Jordan Clemson QB
Jeff Davis Clemson LB
1983 Turner Gill Nebraska QB
Dave Rimington Nebraska C
1984 Bernie Kosar Miami (Fla.) QB
Jack Fernandez Miami (Fla.) LB
1985 Jacque Robinson Washington TB
Ron Holmes Washington DT
1986 Sonny Brown Oklahoma DB
Tim Lasher Oklahoma K
1987 Spencer Tillman Oklahoma HB
Dante Jones Oklahoma LB
1988 Bernard Clark Miami (Fla.) LB
Darrell Reed Oklahoma DE
Year played MVP Team Position
1989 Steve Walsh Miami (Fla.) QB
Charles Fryer Nebraska CB
1990 Raghib Ismail Notre Dame WR
Darian Hagan Colorado QB
1991 Charles Johnson Colorado QB
Chris Zorich Notre Dame NG
1992 Larry Jones Miami (Fla.) RB
Tyrone Legette Nebraska CB
1993 Charlie Ward Florida State QB
Corey Dixon Nebraska SE
1994 Charlie Ward Florida State QB
Tommie Frazier Nebraska QB
1995 Tommie Frazier Nebraska QB
Chris T. Jones Miami (Fla.) WR
1996 (Jan) Andre Cooper Florida State WR
Derrick Mayes Notre Dame WR
1996 (Dec) Damon Benning Nebraska RB
Ken Oxendine Virginia Tech RB
1998 Ahman Green Nebraska RB
1999 Travis Taylor Florida WR
2000 David Terrell Michigan WR
2001 Torrance Marshall Oklahoma LB
2002 Taylor Jacobs Florida WR
2003 Carson Palmer USC QB
2004 Jarrett Payton Miami (Fla.) RB
2005 Matt Leinart USC QB
2006 Willie Reid Florida State WR
2007 Brian Brohm Louisville QB
2008 Aqib Talib Kansas CB
2009 Darren Evans Virginia Tech RB
2010 Adrian Clayborn Iowa DE
2011 Andrew Luck Stanford QB
2012 Geno Smith West Virginia QB
2013 Lonnie Pryor Florida State FB
2014 (Jan) Sammy Watkins Clemson WR
2014 (Dec) Justin Thomas Georgia Tech QB
2015 Deshaun Watson Clemson QB
Ben Boulware Clemson LB
2016 Dalvin Cook Florida State RB
2017 Alex Hornibrook Wisconsin QB
2018 Tua Tagovailoa Alabama QB
Xavier McKinney Alabama S

Appearances by team

Only teams with at least three appearances are listed.

Rank Team Appearances Record Win pct.
1 Oklahoma 20 12–8 .600
2 Nebraska 17 8–9 .471
T3 Miami (FL) 10 6–4 .600
T3 Florida State 10 5–5 .500
5 Alabama 9 5–4 .556
6 Georgia Tech 7 4–3 .571
7 Clemson 6 4–2 .667
T8 Penn State 5 4–1 .800
T8 Colorado 5 2–3 .400
T8 LSU 5 2–3 .400
T8 Notre Dame 5 2–3 .400
T12 Missouri 4 1–3 .250
T12 Tennessee 4 1–3 .250
T12 Virginia Tech 4 1–3 .250
T15 Florida 3 3–0 1.000
T15 Georgia 3 2–1 .667
T15 Kansas 3 1–2 .333
T15 Mississippi State 3 1–2 .333
T15 Michigan 3 1–2 .333
T15 Maryland 3 0–3 .000
T15 Syracuse 3 0–3 .000

Appearances by conference

Updated through the December 2018 edition (85 games, 170 total appearances).

Rank Conference Appearances Record Win % # of
1 Big Eight 42 20–22 .476 5 Oklahoma (11–5)[A 1]
Nebraska (6–9)[A 1]
Colorado (2–3)
Missouri (1–3)
Kansas (0–2)[A 1]
2 SEC 35 18–17 .514 10 Alabama (5–4)
LSU (2–3)
Georgia Tech (3–1)[A 2]
Tennessee (1–3)
Florida (3–0)
Georgia (2–1)
Auburn (1–1)
Mississippi State (1–2)
Kentucky (0–1)
Ole Miss (0–1)
3 Independent 28 13–15 .464 15 Miami (FL) (4–1)[A 3]
Notre Dame (2–3)
Penn State (3–1)[A 4]
Florida State (0–2)[A 5]
Syracuse (0–2)[A 6]
Bucknell (1–0)
Catholic (1–0)
Duquesne (1–0)
Santa Clara (1–0)
Boston College (0–1)
Georgia Tech (0–1)[A 2]
Georgetown (0–1)
Holy Cross (0–1)
Michigan State (0–1)
Navy (0–1)
4 ACC 25 11–14 .440 8 Florida State (5–3)*[A 5]
Clemson (3–2)[A 7]
Georgia Tech (1–1)[A 2]
Duke (1–1)
Virginia Tech (1–2)[A 8]
Wake Forest (0–1)
Maryland (0–3)
Miami (FL) (0–1)
5 Big Ten 9 5–4 .556 5 Iowa (1–1)
Ohio State (1–1)
Michigan (1–2)
Penn State (1–0)[A 4]
Wisconsin (1–0)
T6 Big East 8 4–4 .500 6 Miami (FL) (2–1)[A 3]
Louisville (1–0)
West Virginia (1–0)
Cincinnati (0–1)
Syracuse (0–1)[A 6]
Virginia Tech (0–1)[A 8]
T6 SWC 8 4–4 .500 6 Texas (2–0)
Arkansas (1–1)
Rice (1–0)
Baylor (0–1)
TCU (0–1)
Texas A&M (0–1)
8 Big 12 7 4–3 .571 3 Nebraska (2–0)[A 1]
Kansas (1–0)[A 1]
Oklahoma (1–3)[A 1]
9 Pac-12 4 4–0 1.000 3 USC (2–0)
Stanford (1–0)
Washington (1–0)
T10 SoCon 1 1–0 1.000 1 Clemson (1–0)[A 7]
T10 MVC 1 1–0 1.000 1 Tulsa (1–0)
T10 MAC 1 0–1 .000 1 Northern Illinois (0–1)*
T10 SIAA 1 0–1 .000 1 Miami (FL) (0–1)[A 3]
  1. ^ a b c d e f As members of the Big Eight, Oklahoma played in 16 Orange Bowls, Nebraska played in 15 Orange Bowls, and Kansas played in 2 Orange Bowls. As members of the Big 12 (after the Big Eight merged with 4 schools in the SWC to form the Big 12), Oklahoma and Nebraska each played in 2 more Orange Bowls and Kansas played in 1 more Orange Bowl.
  2. ^ a b c Georgia Tech was a member of the SEC during the 1940, 1945, 1948, and 1952 Orange Bowls. It was an independent team during the 1967 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 2010 and 2014 Orange Bowls.
  3. ^ a b c Miami was a member of the SIAA during the 1935 Orange Bowl. It was an independent team during the 1946, 1951, 1984, 1988, and 1989 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the Big East during the 1992, 1995, and 2004 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the ACC during the 2017 Orange Bowl.
  4. ^ a b Penn State was an independent team during the 1969, 1970, 1974, and 1986 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the Big Ten during the 2006 Orange Bowl.
  5. ^ a b Florida State was an independent team during the 1980 and 1981 Orange Bowls and was a member of the ACC during the 1993, 1994, 1996, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2013 and 2016 Orange Bowls.
  6. ^ a b Syracuse was an independent team during the 1953 and 1959 Orange Bowls and was a member of the Big East during the 1999 Orange Bowl.
  7. ^ a b Clemson was a member of the Southern Conference during the 1951 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 1957, 1982, 2012 and 2014 Orange Bowls (Clemson was one of seven SoCon schools to split off to form the ACC).
  8. ^ a b Virginia Tech was a member of the Big East during the 1996 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 2008, 2009, and 2011 Orange Bowls.

Game Records

Team Record, Team vs. Opponent Year
Most points scored (one team) 70, West Virginia vs. Clemson 2012
Most points scored (losing team) 35, Ohio State vs. Clemson Jan. 2014
Most points scored (both teams) 103, West Virginia (70) vs. Clemson (33) 2012
Fewest points allowed 0, 8 times, most recent:
Miami (FL) vs. Nebraska
Largest margin of victory 55, Alabama (61) vs. Syracuse (6) 1953
Total yards
Rushing yards
Passing yards
First downs
Fewest yards allowed
Fewest rushing yards allowed
Fewest passing yards allowed
Individual Record, Player, Team vs. Opponent Year
All-purpose yards
Touchdowns (all-purpose)
Rushing yards
Rushing touchdowns
Passing yards
Passing touchdowns
Receiving yards
Receiving touchdowns
Long Plays Record, Player, Team vs. Opponent Year
Touchdown run
Touchdown pass
Kickoff return
Punt return
Interception return
Fumble return
Field goal


The game was previously officially known as the Discover Orange Bowl, since Discover Financial was announced as title sponsor on August 26, 2010 as part of a new four-year agreement.[13] The game had been called the FedEx Orange Bowl from 1989 to 2010, as FedEx sponsored the event during that period. Starting with the 2010–11 season, ESPN carried the Orange Bowl, replacing Fox after four seasons.[14] ABC aired the game from 1999 to 2006, with CBS (1995–1998) and NBC (1964–1994) previously carrying the game.

Discover stated that they would not renew their sponsorship of the game further on June 9, 2014; the game will be a part of the College Football Playoff in the future, and CFP rightsholder ESPN has asked for higher sponsorship fees, in return.[15] On September 22, 2014, Capital One was announced as the new title sponsor of the Orange Bowl, transferring their bowl game sponsorship from the Citrus Bowl.[16][17] Subsequently, the company's "Capital One Mascot Challenge" winner naming ceremony also moved to the Orange Bowl.


ESPN is the current rightsholder of the Orange Bowl, a relationship that began in 2011 as part of the contract to broadcast the Bowl Championship Series games. In anticipation of the transition to the College Football Playoff in the 2014–15 season, ESPN reached a new deal with the game's organizers in November 2012 to extend its rights through 2026, paying $55 million yearly.[18] The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio.

Prior to that, Fox held the rights to the event (along with the other BCS bowls) since 2007, preceded by ABC (1999–2006 and 1962–64), CBS (1996–98 and 1953–61), and NBC (1965–95). This game, along with the Fiesta Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "big 4" U.S. television networks. ESPN Deportes added a Spanish language telecast of the game in 2013.[19]

See also


  1. ^ "Bowl projections, predictions: Playoff set, Michigan vs. Florida State a big-time game". Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Tournament of Roses History". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Archived from the original on December 2, 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
  3. ^ "History of the Orange Bowl". FedEx Orange Bowl. Archived from the original on 3 November 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
  4. ^ Ours, Robert (2004). Bowl Games: College Football's Greatest Tradition, pg. 28
  5. ^ History of the Orange Bowl
  6. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  7. ^ [1] Archived March 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "The Inflation Calculator". WestEgg. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  9. ^ a b "1936 Orange Bowl". The Catholic University of America. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  10. ^ "She's Orange Bowl Queen". The Milwaukee Journal. 1935-12-31. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  11. ^ Daily Press (15 November 2012). "Teel Time: ACC, Orange Bowl announce ties with SEC, Big Ten, Notre Dame, ESPN". Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Discover to sponsor Orange Bowl title slot". ESPN. 2010-08-26.
  14. ^ Fox pulls out of bidding for next round of BCS games,
  15. ^ Michael Smith; John Ourand; Terry Lefton (9 June 2014). "Discover, Tostitos to end bowl title deals". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  16. ^ "CAPITAL ONE BECOMES TITLE SPONSOR OF THE ORANGE BOWL". Orange Bowl Committee. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  17. ^ "Capital One Becomes Title Sponsor of the Orange Bowl". Atlantic Coast Conference. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  18. ^ "ESPN Reaches 12-Year College Football Agreement With Orange Bowl". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  19. ^ "BCS National Championship and Bowl Games on ESPN Deportes". ESPN. Retrieved 24 December 2012.

External links

1942 Orange Bowl

The 1942 Orange Bowl matched the Georgia Bulldogs and the TCU Horned Frogs.

1949 Orange Bowl

The 1949 Orange Bowl was a college football postseason bowl game between the Texas Longhorns and the Georgia Bulldogs.

1966 Orange Bowl

The 1966 Orange Bowl was played on January 1, 1966, in Miami, Florida. featured the third-ranked Nebraska Cornhuskers of the Big Eight Conference and the fourth-ranked Alabama Crimson Tide of the Southeastern Conference.

This was the second year that the Orange Bowl was played at night on New Year's Day, after the other college football bowl games. Due to losses by both #1 Michigan State in the Rose Bowl and #2 Arkansas in the Cotton Bowl earlier in the day, the game had turned into a de facto national championship game, as the AP would be taking a final post-bowl vote for the first time ever. Alabama was slightly favored.

1967 Orange Bowl

The 1967 Orange Bowl was a college football postseason bowl game between the Florida Gators and the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets

1968 Orange Bowl

The 1968 Orange Bowl was an American college football bowl game between the Tennessee Volunteers and the Oklahoma Sooners.

1976 Orange Bowl

The 1976 Orange Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 1, 1976. The Oklahoma Sooners, champions of the Big Eight Conference, defeated the Michigan Wolverines, second-place finishers in the Big Ten Conference, 14–6. This was the first meeting between these two teams.

This was the sixth and final Orange Bowl played on artificial turf. Poly-Turf, similar to AstroTurf, was installed before the 1970 season and lasted six seasons. It was removed in early 1976, following Super Bowl X, and replaced with natural grass.

1981 Orange Bowl

The 1981 Orange Bowl was a postseason college football bowl game between the Oklahoma Sooners and the Florida State Seminoles.

1988 Orange Bowl

The 1988 Orange Bowl was an American college football bowl game between the Miami Hurricanes and the Oklahoma Sooners. It was the 54th edition of the Orange Bowl and took place at the Orange Bowl stadium in Miami, Florida on January 1, 1988. Miami was coached by Jimmy Johnson and Oklahoma was coached by Barry Switzer. Miami won the game, 20–14. To date, it is the only time the opposing head coaches from a college national championship football game each later served as head coach of the same professional football team, and won the Super Bowl with that team, that team being the Dallas Cowboys.

1994 Orange Bowl

The 1994 Orange Bowl was a college football bowl game played on January 1, 1994. The contest was the Bowl Coalition National Championship Game for the 1993 NCAA Division I-A football season. This 60th edition to the Orange Bowl featured the Nebraska Cornhuskers of the Big Eight Conference and the Florida State Seminoles of the Atlantic Coast Conference.

1998 Orange Bowl

The 1998 Orange Bowl was played on January 2, 1998, and served as the Bowl Alliance's designated national championship game for the 1997 season. This 64th edition of the Orange Bowl featured the Nebraska Cornhuskers of the Big 12 Conference and the Tennessee Volunteers of the Southeastern Conference (SEC).

2000 Orange Bowl

The 2000 FedEx Orange Bowl game was a post-season college football bowl game between the Alabama Crimson Tide and the Michigan Wolverines on January 1, 2000, at Pro Player Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. Michigan defeated Alabama 35–34 in an overtime battle. The game was part of the 1999–2000 Bowl Championship Series (BCS) of the 1999 NCAA Division I-A football season and represented the concluding game of the season for both teams. The Orange Bowl was first played in 1935, and the 2000 game represented the 66th edition of the Orange Bowl. The contest was televised in the United States on ABC.

Quarterback Tom Brady led Michigan to the win, throwing for 369 yards and four touchdowns, while leading the team back from a pair of 14-point deficits in regulation (14-0 in the first half, and 28-14 in the second). Brady threw the game-winning score in overtime on a bootleg to tight end Shawn Thompson. The game was won by Michigan when Alabama placekicker, Ryan Pflugner, missed a PAT following their own touchdown. This was the first overtime BCS Bowl game.

2001 Orange Bowl

The 2001 FedEx Orange Bowl game was a post-season college football bowl game and BCS National Championship match between the University of Oklahoma Sooners and the Florida State Seminoles on January 3, 2001, at Pro Player Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. Oklahoma defeated FSU 13–2 in a defensive battle to claim the National Championship as head coach Bob Stoops completed just his second season as the coach of the Sooners. The game was part of the 2000–2001 Bowl Championship Series (BCS) of the 2000 NCAA Division I-A football season and represented the concluding game of the season for both teams. The Orange Bowl was first played in 1935, and the 2001 game represented the 67th edition. The contest was televised in the United States on ABC.

2003 Orange Bowl

The 2003 FedEx Orange Bowl game was a post-season college football bowl game between the Iowa Hawkeyes and the USC Trojans on January 2, 2003, at Pro Player Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. USC won the game, 38–17. The game was part of the 2002–2003 Bowl Championship Series (BCS) of the 2002 NCAA Division I-A football season and represented the concluding game of the season for both teams. The Orange Bowl was first played in 1935, and the 2003 game represented the 69th edition of the Orange Bowl. The contest was televised in the United States on ABC.

2005 Orange Bowl

The 2005 Orange Bowl was the BCS National Championship Game of the 2004 NCAA Division I-A football season and was played on January 4, 2005 at Pro Player Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. The game matched the USC Trojans against the Oklahoma Sooners. Both teams entered with undefeated, 12–0 records. Despite only being 1 point favorites, USC defeated Oklahoma by a score of 55–19, led by quarterback Matt Leinart. ESPN named Leinart's performance as one of the top-10 performances in the first ten years of the BCS system.The game featured many firsts regarding the Heisman Trophy: Leinart had won the 2004 Heisman award the month prior to the game, and Oklahoma quarterback Jason White had won the award the previous season, making it the first game to have two past-Heisman winners on the same field (and on opposite teams). The game featured four of the five Heisman finalists that year: Leinart (winner), Oklahoma running back Adrian Peterson (first runner-up), White (second runner-up) and USC running back Reggie Bush (fourth runner-up); Bush would win the award the following season (although USC returned its copy of Bush's trophy and Bush forfeited the award following the institution of NCAA sanctions in 2010).

On June 10, 2010, USC was forced to vacate all games from December 2004 to the end of the 2005 season among other sanctions as the result of an NCAA investigation into the school's football and men's basketball programs. NCAA investigators released a report stating that a USC player, Reggie Bush, was ineligible beginning in December 2004. The NCAA ordered USC to vacate every win in which Bush appeared, including the 2005 Orange Bowl. The 2005 Orange Bowl is the only BCS National Championship Game ever to be vacated by the winning team. However, USC did retain the Associated Press (AP) national title.

2006 Orange Bowl

The 2006 Orange Bowl, a 2005–2006 BCS game, was played on January 3, 2006. This 72nd edition to the Orange Bowl featured the Penn State Nittany Lions and the Florida State Seminoles.

This game was known for being the eighth, and ultimately final meeting, between the two coaches, Joe Paterno of Penn State and Bobby Bowden of Florida State.

2014 Orange Bowl (December)

The 2014 Orange Bowl is a college football bowl game that was played on December 31, 2014 at Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. The 81st Orange Bowl is a "New Year’s Six Bowl" of the College Football Playoff. It was one of the 2014–15 bowl games that concluded the 2014 FBS football season.

The game was televised on ESPN and ESPN Deportes, and broadcast on ESPN Radio and XM Satellite Radio, with the kickoff time set for 8:00 P.M. ET. The game is sponsored by the Capital One financial services company and is officially named the Capital One Orange Bowl.

The Yellow Jackets defeated the Bulldogs 49–34. Georgia Tech quarterback Justin Thomas, who accounted for 4 total touchdowns, was named the game's most valuable player.

2015 Orange Bowl

The 2015 Capital One Orange Bowl was a college football bowl game that was played on December 31, 2015 at Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. The 82nd Orange Bowl was a College Football Playoff semifinal with the winner of the game competing against the winner of the 2015 Cotton Bowl: Alabama Crimson Tide football in the 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship, which took place at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. It was one of the 2015–16 bowl games that concluded the 2015 FBS football season. The Orange Bowl game is usually played at night, but with a 4 pm starting time, this Orange Bowl game was the first with an afternoon kickoff in 51 years.

The game matched the undefeated and number 1 overall team in the nation, the Clemson Tigers, against the 1 loss Oklahoma Sooners.

This was the fifth overall meeting between these two teams, with Clemson winning the series 3–2. The game was a rematch of the previous year's Russell Athletic Bowl, which Clemson won 40–6.

2018 Orange Bowl

The 2018 Orange Bowl was a college football bowl game played on Saturday, December 29, 2018. It was the 85th edition of the Orange Bowl. The Orange Bowl was one of two College Football Playoff semifinal games, with the winner advancing to the 2019 College Football Playoff National Championship. It was one of the 2018–19 bowl games concluding the 2018 FBS football season. Sponsored by the Capital One Financial Corporation, the game was officially known as the College Football Playoff Semifinal at the Capital One Orange Bowl.

Miami Orange Bowl

The Miami Orange Bowl was an outdoor athletic stadium in the southeastern United States, located in Miami, Florida, west of downtown in Little Havana. Considered a landmark, it was the home stadium for the Miami Hurricanes college football team, and the professional Miami Dolphins for their first 21 seasons, until the opening of Joe Robbie Stadium (now Hard Rock Stadium) in nearby Miami Gardens in 1987. The stadium was the temporary home of the FIU Golden Panthers while its FIU Stadium underwent expansion during the 2007 season.

Originally known as Burdine Stadium when opened in 1937, it was renamed in 1959 for the Orange Bowl college football bowl game which was played at the venue following every season from 1938 to 1996. The event was moved to Pro Player Stadium (now Hard Rock Stadium) beginning on December 31, 1996. In January 1999, it returned to the Orange Bowl for one final time due to a scheduling conflict. The minor league Miami Marlins baseball team occasionally played games in the Orange Bowl from 1956 to 1960.

The stadium was on a large block bounded by Northwest 3rd Street (south), Northwest 16th Avenue (west), Northwest 6th Street (north) and Northwest 14th Avenue (east, the open end of the stadium).

The Orange Bowl was demolished in 2008 and the site is now Marlins Park, the home ballpark of the current incarnation of the Miami Marlins (formerly the Florida Marlins), which opened in 2012.

Orange Bowl Game
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Semifinal bowl games
College Football Playoff
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