Opetiidae

The Opetiidae or flat-footed flies are members of a family of flies (insects of the Order Diptera).[1] The family contains only five extant species in two genera, Opetia, and Puyehuemyia. the remaining taxa are known only from fossils.

Opetiidae
Opeteia
Opetia nigra Meigen, 1830
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Section: Aschiza
Superfamily: Platypezoidea
Family: Opetiidae
Chandler 1981[1]

Family description

Opetiidae wing veins
wing venation

See [1]

Classification

Opetiidae was formerly in Platypezidae.

  • Lithopetia Zhang, 1987[2]
    • Lithopetia hirsuta Zhang, 1987[2]
  • Opetia Meigen, 1830[3]
    • Opetia aberrans Shatalkin, 1985[4]
    • Opetia alticola Saigusa, 1963[5]
    • Opetia anomalipennis Saigusa, 1963[5]
    • Opetia atra Statz, 1940[6]
    • Opetia nigra Meigen, 1830[3]
  • Opetiala Coram, Jarzembowski & Mostovski, 2000[7]
  • Opetiala shatalkini Coram, Jarzembowski & Mostovski, 2000[7]
  • Oppenheimiella Meunier, 1893[8]
  • Oppenheimiella baltica Meunier, 1893[8]
  • Pseudopetia Zhang, 1987[2]
  • Pseudopetia exilis Zhang, 1987[2]
  • Pseudopetia grandis Zhang, 1987[2]
  • Puyehuemyia Amorim et al, 2018[9]
    • Puyehuemyia chandleri Amorim et al, 2018 [9]

References

  1. ^ a b Chandler, P.J. (2001). Flat-Footed Flies: (Diptera Opetiidae and Platypezidae) of Europe (Print)|format= requires |url= (help) (Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 36 ed.). Brill Academic Pub. pp. 1–278. ISBN 978-9004120235.
  2. ^ a b c d e Zhang, J.-F. (1987). "Four new genera of Platypezidae". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 26: 595–603.
  3. ^ a b Meigen, J. W. (1830). "Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europaischen zweiflugeligen Insekten". Sechster Theil. Schulz, Hamm.: xi + 401 +[3].
  4. ^ Shatalkin, A. I. (1985). "A survey of Platypezidae (Diptera) of the USSR fauna". Sbornik Trud. Zool. Muz. MGU. 23: 69–136.
  5. ^ a b Saigusa, T. (1963). "Systematic studies of Japanese Platypezidae. I. Genus Opetia Meigen". Sieboldia. 3: 105–108.
  6. ^ Statz, G. (1940). "Neue Dipteren (Brachycera et Cyclorrhapha) aus dem Oberoligozan von Rott". Palaeontographica A. 91: 120–174, pl. 19–27.
  7. ^ a b Coram, R.; Jarzembowski, E. A.; Mostovski, M. B. (2000). "Two rare eremoneuran flies (Diptera: Empididae and Opetiidae) from the Purbeck Limestone group". Paleontol. J. 34 (Suppl. 3): 370–373.
  8. ^ a b Meunier, F. (1893). "Note sur les Platypezidae de l'ambre tertiaire". Bull. Soc. Zool. France. 18: 230–234.
  9. ^ a b Amorim, Dalton de Souza; Silva, Vera Cristina; Brown, Brian Victor (21 February 2018). "Puyehuemyia chandleri, gen. nov., sp. nov. (Diptera, Opetiidae) : remnant of a Cretaceous biota in Chile". American Museum Novitates (3892). hdl:2246/6845.

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Diptera.info

Asilomorpha

The Brachyceran infraorder Asilomorpha is a large and diverse group of flies, containing the bulk of the nonmuscoid Brachycera. The larvae of asilomorphs are extremely diverse in habits, as well.

Calyptratae

Calyptratae is a subsection of Schizophora in the insect order Diptera, commonly referred to as the calyptrate muscoids (or simply calyptrates). It consists of those flies which possess a calypter that covers the halteres, among which are some of the most familiar of all flies, such as the house fly.

About 18,000 described species are in this group, or about 12% of all the flies yet described.

Carnoidea

Carnoidea are a superfamily of Acalyptratae flies.

Chironomoidea

The Chironomoidea are a superfamily within the order Diptera, suborder Nematocera, infraorder Culicomorpha. This superfamily contains the families Chironomidae, Ceratopogonidae, Simuliidae, and Thaumaleidae. One of the more important characteristics used to define them is the form of the larval mouthparts.

Culicoidea

The Culicoidea are a superfamily within the order Diptera. The following families are included within the Culicoidea:

Dixidae – meniscus midges

Corethrellidae – frog-biting midges

Chaoboridae – phantom midges

Culicidae – mosquitoes

Culicomorpha

The Culicomorpha are an infraorder of Nematocera, including mosquitoes, black flies, and several extant and extinct families of insects.

Ironomyiidae

The Ironomyiidae, or ironic flies, are a small family of insects of the order Diptera. Historically, they have been included in the family Platypezidae, and includes three extant species and a number of extinct fossil species.

Lauxanioidea

The Lauxanioidea are a superfamily of flies that includes the two large families, the Lauxaniidae and Chamaemyiidae, and the small family Celyphidae. Generally, they are small to medium, densely populated, coloured flies. The Chamaemyiidae and Cremifaniidae live as parasites on insects. The family Celyphidae look like beetles.

Some authors also recognize the family Cremifaniidae, but most place this in the Chamaemyiidae.

List of Diptera families

This is a list of the families of the order Diptera (true flies).

Muscoidea

Muscoidea is a superfamily of flies in the subsection Calyptratae. Muscoidea, with approximately 7000 described species, is nearly 5% of the known species level diversity of the Diptera, the true flies. Most muscoid flies are saprophagous, coprophagous or necrophagous as larvae, but some species are parasitic, predatory, or phytophagous.

Oestroidea

Oestroidea is a superfamily of Calyptratae including the blow flies, bot flies, flesh flies, and their relatives.The superfamily includes the families:

Calliphoridae

Mesembrinellidae (formerly included in Calliphoridae)

Mystacinobiidae

Oestridae

Rhiniidae (formerly included in Calliphoridae)

Rhinophoridae

Sarcophagidae

Tachinidae

Ulurumyiidae

Platypezidae

Platypezidae is a family of true flies of the superfamily Platypezoidea. The more than 250 species are found worldwide primarily in woodland habitats. A common name is flat-footed flies, but this is also used for the closely related Opetiidae which were included in the Platypezidae in former times.Some other genera formerly included here have been recognized as quite more distant and are nowadays placed in the asilomorph family Atelestidae.

Platypezoidea

The Platypezoidea are a superfamily of true flies of the section Aschiza. Their closest living relatives are the Syrphoidea, which, for example, contain the hoverflies. Like these, the adults do not burst open their pupal cases with a ptilinum when hatching, thus the Aschiza do not have the inverted-U-shaped suture above the antennae. They are, however, muscomorphs, thus have a particular type of pupal case resembling a rounded barrel and called puparium.

Sciaroidea

Sciaroidea is a superfamily in the infraorder Bibionomorpha. There are about 16 families and more than 15,000 described species in Sciaroidea. Most of its constituent families are various gnats.

Sciomyzoidea

Sciomyzoidea is a superfamily of Acalyptratae flies.

The families placed here are:

Coelopidae – seaweed flies

Dryomyzidae

Helcomyzidae

Helosciomyzidae

Heterocheilidae

Ropalomeridae

Sepsidae – scavenger flies

Sciomyzidae – marsh flies, snail-killing flies (including Huttoninidae, Phaeomyiidae, Tetanoceridae)

Tabanoidea

Superfamily Tabanoidea are insects in the order Diptera.

Tephritoidea

The Tephritoidea are a superfamily of flies. The following families are included:

Pallopteridae — flutter flies

Piophilidae — skippers

Platystomatidae — signal flies

Pyrgotidae

Richardiidae

Tephritidae — fruit flies

Ulidiidae (Otitidae) — picture-winged fliesThe Tachiniscinae, formerly ranked as the family Tachiniscidae, are now included in the Tephritidae.

Tipuloidea

Tipuloidea is a superfamily of flies containing the living families Cylindrotomidae, Limoniidae, Pediciidae and Tipulidae, and the extinct families Architipulidae and Eolimnobiidae.At least 15,300 species of crane flies have been described, most of them (75%) by the specialist Charles Paul Alexander.

Tipulomorpha

The Tipulomorpha are an infraorder of Nematocera, containing the crane flies, a very large group, and allied families.

One recent classification based largely on fossils splits this group into a series of extinct superfamilies (below), and includes members of other infraorders, but this has not gained wide acceptance.

Extant Diptera families

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