Operetta film

Operetta films (German: Operettenfilm) are a genre of musical films associated with, but not exclusive to, German language cinema. The genre began in the late 1920s, but its roots stretch back into the tradition of nineteenth century Viennese operettas.

Although some silent films had based their plots on stage operettas, the genre was largely a result of the switch from silent to sound films. The 1929 film Melody of the Heart, made by the German studio UFA, is credited as being the first "Operetta film". It had been intended as a silent film, but the dramatic arrival of sound forced its production to be switched. Its combination of music and dancing proved to be a successful formula, and it was followed by a large number of similar films.[1]

During the 1930s the trend spread to Britain, where a number of Operetta films were made (often in co-productions with German or Austrian studios), France and the United States. Many German emigre film-makers following the Nazi rise to power in 1933 were able to find work in other countries because of their experience in the genre.[2] In the United States, a popular run of Operetta films were made starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. In Britain the 1934 Richard Tauber film Blossom Time was a major hit, spawning a number of imitations.

Selected films

References

  1. ^ Hardt (1996), p. 130.
  2. ^ Phillips (2004), p. 63.

Bibliography

  • Hardt, Usula (1996). 'From Caligari to California: Erich Pommer's Life in the International Film Wars. Berghahn Books.
  • Phillips, Alastair (2004). City of Darkness, City of Light: émigré Filmmakers in Paris, 1929–1939. Amsterdam University Press.

Further reading

  • Richards, Jeffrey, ed. (1998). The Unknown 1930s: An Alternative History of the British Cinema, 1929–1939'. I.B. Tauris & Co.
Countess Mariza (1932 film)

Countess Mariza (German: Gräfin Mariza) is a 1932 German musical film directed by Richard Oswald and starring Dorothea Wieck, Hubert Marischka and Charlotte Ander. It is an Operetta film is based on the operetta Countess Maritza by Emmerich Kálmán, Julius Brammer and Alfred Grünwald.

The film's sets were designed by the art director Franz Schroedter.

Grand Duchess Alexandra

Grand Duchess Alexandra (German: Grossfürstin Alexandra) is a 1933 Austrian operetta film directed by Wilhelm Thiele and starring Maria Jeritza, Paul Hatrmann and Leo Slezak. It is based on Franz Lehár's operetta of the same title.

The film's sets were designed by the art director Artur Berger.

Mask in Blue (1953 film)

Mask in Blue (German: Maske in Blau) is a 1953 West German musical film directed by Georg Jacoby and starring Marika Rökk, Paul Hubschmid and Wilfried Seyferth.It is an operetta film based on the stage work of the same name composed by Fred Raymond. A previous film version was made in 1943.

It was made at the Bavaria Studios in Munich and on location in Rome. The film's sets were designed by the art director Erich Kettelhut. It was shot in Agfacolor.

Melody of Love (1932 film)

Melody of Love (German: Melodie der Liebe) is a 1932 German operetta film directed by Georg Jacoby and starring Richard Tauber, Petra Unkel and S.Z. Sakall. It premiered on 24 April 1932. It is also known in English by the alternative title Right to Happiness.

Northwest Outpost

Northwest Outpost (also known as End of the Rainbow) is a 1947 American musical film directed by Allan Dwan and starring Nelson Eddy, Ilona Massey and Joseph Schildkraut. The film was Eddy's last, and is an operetta film like his previous starring roles. He was persuaded to make it by Republic Pictures because Rudolf Friml was writing the score. It was well received by critics and had a strong box office performance.

Opera Ball (1956 film)

Opera Ball (German: Opernball) is a 1956 Austrian musical comedy film directed by Ernst Marischka and starring Johannes Heesters, Hertha Feiler and Josef Meinrad. Based on the 1898 operetta Der Opernball, it is part of the operetta film tradition. A previous film version had been made in 1939.The film's sets were designed by the art director Fritz Jüptner-Jonstorff. It was shot using Agfacolor.

Operetta (film)

Operetta (German: Operette) is a 1940 musical film directed by Willi Forst and starring Forst, Maria Holst and Dora Komar. The film was made by Wien-Film, a Vienna-based company set up after Austria had been incorporated into Greater Germany following the 1938 Anschluss. It is the first film in director Willi Forst's "Viennese Trilogy" followed by Vienna Blood (1942) and Viennese Girls (1945). The film portrays the life of Franz Jauner (1832–1900), a leading musical figure in the city. It is both an operetta film and a Wiener Film.

Song of the West

Song of the West (1930) is an American Pre-Code musical operetta film produced by Warner Bros., and photographed entirely in Technicolor. It was based on the 1928 Broadway musical Rainbow by Vincent Youmans (music), Oscar Hammerstein II (lyrics) and Laurence Stallings (book). It starred John Boles, Joe E. Brown and Vivienne Segal, and was the first all-color all-talking feature to be filmed entirely outdoors.

The Beggar Student (1936 film)

The Beggar Student (German: Der Bettelstudent) is a 1936 German operetta film directed by Georg Jacoby and starring Fritz Kampers, Harry Hardt and Ida Wüst. It is an adaptation of the 1882 operetta Der Bettelstudent by Carl Millöcker.

The Beggar Student (1956 film)

The Beggar Student is a 1956 (German: Der Bettelstudent) West German musical film directed by Werner Jacobs and starring Gerhard Riedmann, Waltraut Haas and Elma Karlowa. It is based on the operetta Der Bettelstudent by Karl Millöcker, and is part of the operetta film tradition.

The film's sets were designed by the art director Felix Smetana.

The Csardas Princess (1934 film)

The Csardas Princess (German: Die Czardasfürstin) is a 1934 German operetta film directed by Georg Jacoby and starring Mártha Eggerth, Hans Söhnker and Paul Kemp. It is based on the 1915 operetta Die Csárdásfürstin composed by Emmerich Kálmán.

The film's sets were designed by the art directors Robert Herlth and Walter Röhrig. A separate French-language version Princesse Czardas was also produced.

In 1951 Jacoby remade the film starring his wife Marika Rökk.

The Forester's Daughter (1931 film)

The Forester's Daughter (German: Die Försterchristl) is a 1931 German operetta film directed by Frederic Zelnik and starring Irene Eisinger, Paul Richter and Oskar Karlweis. It is an adaptation of the operetta Die Försterchristl. Zelnik had previously directed a 1926 silent film version The Bohemian Dancer.

The film's sets were designed by Heinz Fenchel and Jacek Rotmil.

The Last Waltz (1934 film)

The Last Waltz (German: Der letzte Walzer) is a 1934 German operetta film directed by Georg Jacoby, and starring Ernst Dumcke, Max Gülstorff, and Iván Petrovich. It is based on the 1920 operetta The Last Waltz by Oscar Straus. It was remade in English in 1936.

The Lilac Domino (film)

The Lilac Domino is a 1937 British operetta film directed by Frederic Zelnik and starring Michael Bartlett, June Knight and Fred Emney. It was made at Welwyn Studios with sets designed by Oscar Friedrich Werndorff. It is based on the 1918 version of the operetta The Lilac Domino.

The Tsarevich (1933 film)

The Tsarevich (German: Der Zarewitsch) is a 1933 German historical musical film directed by Victor Janson and starring Mártha Eggerth, Hans Söhnker and Ery Bos. It is based on the 1927 operetta Der Zarewitsch by Franz Lehar. It was one of a number of operetta film that Eggerth appeared in during the decade.

The film's sets were designed by Walter Haag and Franz Schroedter. A separate French-language version Son Altesse Impériale was also released.

Venetian Nights

Venetian Nights (French: Nuits de Venise) is a 1931 German French-language operetta film directed by Pierre Billon and Robert Wiene and starring Janine Guise, Germaine Noizet and Roger Tréville. It was an alternative-language version of the 1931 film The Love Express, made at the Emelka Studios in Munich.

Victoria and Her Hussar (1931 film)

Victoria and Her Hussar (German: Viktoria und ihr Husar) is a 1931 German musical film directed by Richard Oswald and starring Michael Bohnen, Friedel Schuster and Iván Petrovich. It is an Operetta film based on the operetta Viktoria und ihr Husar by Paul Abraham which was itself inspired by a work by Emric Földes. Two later film versions of the operetta were made in 1954 and 1982.

The film's sets were designed by the art director Franz Schroedter.

Vienna Blood (film)

Vienna Blood (German: Wiener Blut) is a 1942 German operetta film, based on the 1899 operetta of the same name. With box-office takings of seven million Reichsmarks, it was one of the most financially successful films of the Nazi era.

Where Is This Lady?

Where Is This Lady? is a 1932 British musical film directed by Victor Hanbury and Ladislao Vajda and starring Mártha Eggerth, Owen Nares and Wendy Barrie. It was made at Elstree Studios. An operetta film, it is a remake of the German film Once There Was a Waltz which was adapted from a stage work by Franz Lehár.

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