Operations Reckless and Persecution

Operations Reckless and Persecution were the Allied amphibious landings at Hollandia[1] and Aitape, respectively, which commenced the Western New Guinea campaign. Both operations commenced on 22 April 1944.

In Operation Reckless the U.S. 24th and the 41st Infantry Divisions—under Lieutenant General Robert L. Eichelberger—landed at Tanahmerah and Humboldt bays near Hollandia in Dutch New Guinea (later known as Jayapura, Indonesia).

In Operation Persecution, the 163rd Regimental Combat Team—detached from the U.S. 41st Infantry Division—and the No. 62 Works Wing of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) simultaneously landed at Aitape, in the Australian Territory of New Guinea (later Papua New Guinea) about 140 mi (230 km) east of Hollandia.

LVTs head for the invasion beaches at Humboldt Bay, New Guinea, on 22 April 1944 (SC 264436)
22 April 1944. LVTs (Landing Vehicles Tracked) in the foreground head for the invasion beaches at Humboldt Bay, Netherlands New Guinea, as the light cruisers USS Boise (firing tracer shells, right center) and USS Phoenix bombard the shore. (Photographer: Tech 4 Henry C. Manger.)


  1. ^ Video: Allied Drive On In Italy--Planes Smash Foe In Air Etc. (1944). Universal Newsreel. 1944. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
Albert Watson II

Albert Watson II (January 5, 1909 – March 19, 1993) was a United States Army lieutenant general. He participated in World War II and fought in a number of significant battles in the Pacific Theater including the Battle of Okinawa. From May 1961 to January 1963, Watson served as Commandant of Berlin and commanded American military forces there when construction of the Berlin Wall began. A major diplomatic incident occurred when members of Watson's staff were refused access to East Berlin. Riots also broke out during his tenure following the death of Peter Fechter. From 1964 to 1965, Watson filled the position of Commissioner of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands. He increased Ryuku autonomy but ultimately spoke against the significant lessening of American administration authority in the Ryukyus. Watson received two Distinguished Service Medals during his career.

Battle of Aitape

The name Battle of Aitape or Aitape campaign may refer to any one of three military actions in proximity to Aitape in the Western New Guinea campaign of 1944-45:

Operations Reckless and Persecution, which included landings at Aitape on April 22, 1944.

Battle of Driniumor River, also known as the Battle of Aitape, July 10-August 25, 1944

Aitape–Wewak campaign, which commenced in November 1944 and continued until the end of the war.

Battle of Sio

The Battle of Sio, fought between December 1943 and March 1944, was the break-out and pursuit phase of General Douglas MacArthur's Huon Peninsula campaign, part of the New Guinea campaign of World War II.

After the defeat of the Japanese in the Battle of Sattelberg, Australian Army forces broke through the Japanese positions around Finschhafen. Constant pressure from US Navy PT boats, Australian land forces and Allied aircraft brought the Japanese logistical system to the brink of collapse, resulting in disease, malnutrition, and privation for the Japanese soldiers. Meanwhile, the Allied supply system grappled with the problems of terrain and climate, particularly inclement weather and rough monsoonal seas that hampered and occasionally prevented delivery of supplies by sea.

Australian and Papuan troops advanced along the coast of the Huon Peninsula, using infantry, tanks, and air strikes against the Japanese positions, which were generally sited at creek crossings in the jungle. The advancing infantry kept strictly within range of the supporting artillery, which was liberally employed in the early stages of the operation. Using tactics that exploited the firepower of Australian artillery and armour, the Australian and Papuan troops inflicted heavy and disproportionate casualties on the Japanese as they advanced, ultimately linking up with the American forces at Saidor. Hundreds of Japanese soldiers were killed; thousands more died from disease, malnutrition, exhaustion and suicide. The Allies failed to seize the opportunity to completely destroy the Japanese forces.

During the advance, Australian troops captured Japanese cryptographic materials. This had an important effect on the subsequent course of the war against Japan in the South West Pacific, as it permitted codebreakers in Australia and the United States to read Japanese Army messages on a much greater scale than previously.

Charles Eaton (RAAF officer)

Charles Eaton, OBE, AFC (21 December 1895 – 12 November 1979) was a senior officer and aviator in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), and later served as a diplomat. Born in London, he joined the British Army upon the outbreak of World War I and saw action on the Western Front before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps in 1917. Posted as a bomber pilot to No. 206 Squadron, he was twice captured by German forces, and twice escaped. Eaton left the military in 1920 and worked in India until moving to Australia in 1923. Two years later he joined the RAAF, serving initially as an instructor at No. 1 Flying Training School. Between 1929 and 1931, he was chosen to lead three expeditions to search for lost aircraft in Central Australia, gaining national attention and earning the Air Force Cross for his "zeal and devotion to duty".In 1939, on the eve of World War II, Eaton became the inaugural commanding officer of No. 12 (General Purpose) Squadron at the newly established RAAF Station Darwin in Northern Australia. He was promoted group captain in 1940, and appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire the following year. In 1943, he took command of No. 79 Wing at Batchelor, Northern Territory, and was mentioned in despatches during operations in the South West Pacific. Retiring from the RAAF in December 1945, Eaton took up diplomatic posts in the Dutch East Indies, heading a United Nations commission as Consul-General during the Indonesian National Revolution. He returned to Australia in 1950, and served in Canberra for a further two years. Popularly known as "Moth" Eaton, he was a farmer in later life, and died in 1979 aged 83. He is commemorated by several memorials in the Northern Territory.

Clovis E. Byers

Clovis E. Byers (5 November 1899 – 13 December 1973) was an American soldier and general in the first half of the 20th century. He is best known for his role as Chief of Staff of the Eighth Army in the South West Pacific Area during World War II and in the Occupation of Japan. He was wounded while leading American troops from the front at the Battle of Buna-Gona, and also played an important part in the fighting at Lone Tree Hill, Biak, and the Philippines campaign (1944–45).

After the war, he commanded the famous 82nd Airborne Division.

He commanded the X Corps in the Korean War and as such was in overall command at the Battle of Heartbreak Ridge and the Battle of Bloody Ridge.

Horace H. Fuller

Major General Horace H. Fuller (10 August 1886 – 18 September 1966) was an American soldier and general in the first half of the 20th century. He is best known for his command of the 41st Infantry Division in the South West Pacific Area during World War II of United States Marine Corps

Index of World War II articles (O)


OA vz.27

Oak Ridge Associated Universities

Oak Ridge City Center

Oak Ridge High School (Oak Ridge, Tennessee)

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Oak Ridge, Tennessee

Oakley Hall

Oath of the Horatii

Oaxaca (ship)

OB West

OBD Memorial



Oberkampf (Paris Métro)

Oberkommando der Luftwaffe

Oberkommando der Marine

Oberkommando der Wehrmacht

Oberkommando des Heeres









Obice da 149/12 modello 14

Obice da 210/22

Obice da 75/18 modello 34

Objective, Burma!

Oboe (navigation)

Occult Reich

Occupation of Baltic republics by Nazi Germany

Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany

Occupation of Denmark

Occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany

Occupation of Japan

Occupation of Kharkov

Occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany

Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany

Occupation of Poland (1939–1945)

Occupation of the Baltic republics by Nazi Germany

Occupation of the Baltic states

Occupation of Vojvodina, 1941-1944

Ochota massacre


Odd Bull

Odd Martinsen

Odd Nansen

Oder-Neisse line


Odette (1950 film)

Odette Sansom

Odile Crick

Odilo Globocnik

Oerlikon 20 mm cannon

Office for Emergency Management

Office of Censorship

Office of Civilian Defense

Office of Military Government, United States

Office of Price Administration

Office of Racial Policy

Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Office of Scientific Research and Development

Office of Strategic Services

Office of War Mobilization

Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War

Official National Front

Offshore Patrol

Oflag 64

Oflag 79

Oflag II-C

Oflag II-D

Oflag II-E

Oflag IV-A

Oflag IV-B Koenigstein

Oflag IV-C

Oflag IV-D

Oflag IX-C

Oflag V-B

Oflag VI-B

Oflag VII-A Murnau

Oflag VII-B

Oflag VII-C

Oflag VII-D

Oflag VIII-E Johannisbrunn

Oflag VIII-F

Oflag X-B

Oflag X-C

Oflag XII-A

Oflag XII-B

Oflag XIII-A


Oflag XVII-A

Oflag XXI-B

Oflag XXI-C


Ogasawara Naganari

Ognevoy-class destroyer

Ognjen Prica



Ohrdruf forced labor camp

Oil Campaign of World War II

Oil Campaign chronology of World War II

Oil Campaign targets of World War II

Oil Plan

Oise-Aisne American Cemetery and Memorial

Oiva Tuominen

Okinawa Bulletins

Okikatsu Arao

Oklahoma World War II Army Airfields

Oku Yasukata

Ola Wærhaug

Olaf Frydenlund

Olaf Hansen

Olav Jordet

Olav V of Norway

Old 666

Ole Øisang

Ole Østmo

Ole Ellefsæter

Ole Lilloe-Olsen

Ole Reistad

Ole Sæther

Oleg Cassini

Oleg Koshevoy

Oleg Protopopov

Oleksander Ohloblyn

Olga Bancic

Olga Benário Prestes

Olga Horak

Olga Lengyel

Olga Pall

Olier Mordrel

Olin J. Eggen

Oliver Goodall

Oliver Hill

Oliver Kessing

Oliver Leese

Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos

Oliver MacDonald

Oliver Makor

Oliver Mitchell

Oliver P. Smith

Oliver Philpot

Olivia Sanchez

Olivier Assayas

Olivier Brouzet

Olivier Gruner

Olivier Lecerf

Olivier Martinez

Olivier Monterrubio

Olle Petrusson

Olli Puhakka

Olof Thörnell

Oluf Wesmann-Kjær

Olympia (painting)

Olympiades (Paris Métro)

Olympic Stadium (Berlin)

Omaha Beach

Omar Bradley

Omelyan Kovch

Omer Nishani

Omnipotent Government

On-to-Ottawa Trek

ON convoys

On the Double (film)

On the Nameless Height

Ona Šimaitė

Once (novel)

Once Before I Die

Once There Was a War

Ondřej Pukl

Ondrej Nepela

One Big Union (Canada)

One of Our Aircraft Is Missing

One Survivor Remembers

One Thousand Children

Only the Brave

Onna Tachiguishi-Retsuden


Opana Radar Site


Opel Blitz

Open Gaz de France

Opera Gallery

Operation Abercrombie

Operation Abstention

Operation Adler

Operation Agreement

Operation Aida

Operation Alpenveilchen

Operation Alpha

Operation Alphabet

Operation Alsos

Operation Ambassador

Operation Amherst

Operation Amsterdam

Operation Anklet

Operation Anthropoid

Operation Aphrodite

Operation Archery

Operation Archway

Operation Arctic Fox

Operation Ariel

Operation Arsenal

Operation Atlantic

Operation Attila (WW II)

Operation August Storm

Operation Autonomous

Operation Backfire (WWII)

Operation Bagration

Operation Bajadere

Operation Baobab

Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barclay

Operation Basalt

Operation Battleaxe order of battle

Operation Battleaxe

Operation Baytown

Operation Bellicose

Operation Belt

Operation Beowulf

Operation Berlin (Atlantic), 1941

Operation Berlin (Arnhem rescue), 1944

Operation Bernhard

Operation Big

Operation Bikini

Operation Biting

Operation Black Tulip

Operation Blackcock

Operation Blackstone

Operation Blockbuster

Operation Bluecoat

Operation Büffel

Operation Boardman

Operation Bodyguard

Operation Bolero

Operation Brevity order of battle

Operation Brevity

Operation Brushwood

Operation Candytuft

Operation Canuck

Operation Capital

Operation Capri

Operation Carpetbagger

Operation Carthage

Operation Cartwheel

Operation Cascade

Operation Catechism

Operation Cerberus

Operation Chahar order of battle

Operation Chahar

Operation Charnwood

Operation Chastise

Operation Chestnut

Operation Chettyford

Operation Christ Rose

Operation Chronicle

Operation Clawhammer

Operation Claymore

Operation Cleanslate

Operation Clipper

Operation Cobra

Operation Cockpit

Operation Cold Comfort

Operation Collar (commando raid)

Operation Collar (convoy)

Operation Colossus

Operation Compass

Operation Constellation

Operation Cooney

Operation Copperhead

Operation Corkscrew

Operation Cornflakes

Operation Corona

Operation Cottage

Operation Crossbow (film)

Operation Crossbow

Operation Crossword

Operation Crusader

Operation Culverin

Operation Cycle

Operation Darkness

Operation Daybreak

Operation Deadlight

Operation Defoe

Operation Delphin

Operation Desecrate One

Operation Diadem order of battle

Operation Diadem

Operation Dingson

Operation Diver

Operation Donnerschlag

Operation Doppelkopf

Operation Dove (Ireland)

Operation Dove

Operation Downfall

Operation Dracula

Operation Dragoon

Operation Driftwood

Operation Dunhill

Operation Eagle Attack

Operation Edelweiss

Operation Eisbär

Operation Eisenhammer

Operation Epsilon

Operation Epsom

Operation Europe: Path to Victory

Operation Excess

Operation Fall Rot

Operation Felix

Operation Ferdinand

Operation Flax

Operation Flintlock (World War II)

Operation Forager

Operation Fortitude

Operation Foxley

Operation Frankton

Operation Frantic Joe

Operation Frantic

Operation Frühlingserwachen

Operation Fustian

Operation Gaff

Operation Gambit

Operation Gauntlet

Operation Goldeneye

Operation Goodwood

Operation Goodwood (naval)

Operation Green (Ireland)

Operation Greif (game)

Operation Greif

Operation Grenade

Operation Gymnast

Operation Haifisch

Operation Hailstone

Operation Halberd

Operation Halyard

Operation Hambone

Operation Hannibal

Operation Harborage

Operation Hardtack (commando raid)

Operation Harpoon (1942)

Operation Harpune

Operation Haudegen

Operation Herbstreise

Operation Herkules

Operation Herring

Operation Himmler

Operation Huckaback

Operation Hurricane (1944)

Operation Husky order of battle

Operation Husky

Operation Ichi-Go

Operation Ikarus

Operation Infatuate

Operation Innkeeper

Operation Ironside

Operation Isabella

Operation Iskra

Operation Jael

Operation Jaywick

Operation Jedburgh

Operation Jehol order of battle

Operation Jericho

Operation Jubilee order of battle

Operation Juneau

Operation Juno

Operation K

Operation Ke

Operation Keelhaul

Operation Keystone

Operation Kiebitz

Operation Konrad

Operation Kremlin

Operation Krohcol

Operation Kutuzov

Operation Ladbroke

Operation Lüttich

Operation Lobster I

Operation Lobster

Operation Lost

Operation Loyton

Operation Lumberjack

Operation Lustre

Operation Lusty

Operation Magic Carpet

Operation Mainau

Operation Majestic

Operation Manna

Operation Maple

Operation Margarethe

Operation Market Garden order of battle

Operation Market Garden

Operation Mars

Operation Matador (disambiguation)

Operation Matterhorn

Operation Mincemeat

Operation Mo

Operation Musketoon

Operation Narcissus

Operation Nelson

Operation Newton

Operation Noah (World War II)

Operation Nordlicht (1942)

Operation Nordlicht (1944–1945)

Operation Nordseetour

Operation Nordwind (1941)

Operation Nordwind

Operation Oboe Six

Operation Obviate

Operation Osprey

Operation Ostfront

Operation Ostra Brama

Operation Outward

Operation Overlord

Operation Pacific

Operation Panzerfaust

Operation Paperclip

Operation Paravane

Operation Pastel

Operation Pastorius

Operation Pedestal

Operation Pegasus

Operation Pelikan

Operation Perch

Operation Persecution

Operation Petticoat

Operation Platinum Fox

Operation Plunder

Operation Pluto

Operation Pointblank

Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev

Operation Polyarnaya Zvezda

Operation Pomegranate (SAS)

Operation Pomegranate

Operation Pugilist

Operation Queen

Operation Quicksilver (WWII)

Operation Rösselsprung (Naval)

Operation Ratweek

Operation Ratweek (1944)

Operation Red Dog

Operation Reinhard

Operation Renntier

Operation Reservist

Operation Resurrection

Operation Retribution

Operation Rimau

Operation Roast

Operation Romeo

Operation Royal Marine

Operation Salaam

Operation Samwest

Operation Saturn

Operation Savannah

Operation Saxifrage

Operation Scavenger

Operation Sea Eagle

Operation Seagull (Ireland)

Operation Seagull I

Operation Seagull II

Operation Seagull

Operation Sealion Order of Battle

Operation Sea Lion

Operation Shamrock

Operation Shingle

Operation Silver Fox

Operation Skagway

Operation Skye

Operation Slapstick

Operation Sledgehammer

Operation Snatch

Operation Solstice

Operation Sonnenblume

Operation Source

Operation Span

Operation Spark (1940)

Operation Speedwell

Operation Sportpalast

Operation Spring

Operation Starvation

Operation Steinbock

Operation Stella Polaris

Operation Stone Age

Operation Stonewall

Operation Strangle

Operation Substance

Operation Surgeon

Operation Tabarin

Operation Tan No. 2

Operation Tanne Ost

Operation Tannenberg

Operation Tempest

Operation Terminal

Operation Tidal Wave

Operation Tiderace

Operation Tombola

Operation Tonga

Operation Torch

Operation Totalize

Operation Tractable

Operation Transom

Operation Tungsten

Operation Typical

Operation Tyr

Operation U-Go

Operation Underworld

Operation Uranus

Operation Varsity

Operation Venezia

Operation Vengeance

Operation Veritable

Operation Vigorous

Operation Vulcan

Operation Walküre

Operation Weserübung

Operation Whale

Operation Wieniec

Operation Wikinger

Operation Wilfred

Operation Willi

Operation Wintergewitter

Operation Wunderland

Operation Währung

Operation Zebra

Operation Zeppelin (Allies)

Operation Zeppelin (Assassination Plot)

Operation Zipper

Operation Zitronella

Operational Zone Adriatic Coast

Operations Reckless and Persecution

Opfer der Vergangenheit

Opposing forces in the Polish September Campaign

Opposition to World War II

Opytny-class destroyer


Opéra (Paris Métro)

Opéra Bastille

Opéra National de Paris


Oradour-sur-Glane massacre

Oranienburg concentration camp

Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire

Orde Wingate

Ordensburg Krössinsee

Ordensburg Sonthofen

Ordensburg Vogelsang

Order 7161

Order No. 227

Order No. 270

Order of Alexander Nevsky

Order of Battle Battle of Pingxingguan

Order of battle Battle of South Shanxi

Order of Battle Battle of Taiyuan

Order of Battle Central Hupei Operation (November 25–30, 1940)

Order of battle Defense of the Great Wall

Order of battle for Amoy Operation

Order of Battle for Battle of Changsha (1939)

Order of Battle for Battle of South Guangxi

Order of battle for Campaign of Northern and Eastern Henan 1938

Order of battle for Campaign of Northern and Eastern Honan 1938

Order of battle for Convoy SC-7

Order of battle for Guangdong Operation

Order of battle for the American airborne landings in Normandy

Order of battle for the Battle of Beiping-Tianjin

Order of battle for the Battle of France

Order of Battle January 28 Incident

Order of battle of Battle of Wuhan

Order of battle of the Battle of Beiping-Tianjin

Order of Battle of the Battle of Lanfeng

Order of battle of the Battle of Shanghai

Order of Battle of the Chindits

Order of battle of the German Ninth Army, October 1941

Order of Battle Peiking – Hankou Railway Operation

Order of battle Peiking – Suiyuan Railway Operation

Order of Battle Suiyuan Campaign (1936)

Order of battle Swatow Operation

Order of Battle Tianjin–Pukou Railway Operation

Order of Battle, Battle of Nanchang

Order of Battle, East African Campaign (World War II)

Order of Battle: Battle of Changde

Order of battle: Battle of Xuzhou

Order of Battle: Battle of Zaoyang-Yichang

Order of Battle: Hundred Regiments Offensive

Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky

Order of Flemish militants

Order of Glory

Order of Kutuzov

Order of Lenin

Order of Nakhimov

Order of Polonia Restituta

Order of Suvorov

Order of the Bath

Order of the British Empire

Order of the Crown of King Zvonimir

Order of the German Eagle

Order of the Golden Kite

Order of the National Hero

Order of the October Revolution

Order of the Patriotic War

Order of the Red Banner

Order of Ushakov

Order of Victory

Orders of battle for Downfall

Orders, decorations, and medals of Nazi Germany

Ordnance ML 3 inch Mortar

Ordnance QF 17 pounder

Ordnance QF 18 pounder

Ordnance QF 2 pounder

Ordnance QF 25 pounder

Ordnance QF 3 pounder Vickers

Ordnance QF 6 pounder

Ordnance QF 75 mm


Ordre de la Libération

Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Organisation Todt

Organization for the Protection of the People's Fighters

Organization of Imperial Japanese Army forces in the Pacific

Organization of Japanese defensive units in Okinawa

Organization of Japanese Expeditionary forces in China

Organization of Japanese forces in Southeast Asia

Organization of Japanese fortifications in New Guinea area

Organization of the China Garrison detachment of the Imperial Japanese Army (to 1937)

Organization of the Imperial Japanese Central China Army

Organization of the Imperial Japanese Navy Alaskan Strike Group

Organization of the Jews in Bulgaria

Organization of the Kwantung Army of Japan

Organization of the Luftwaffe

Organization of the Third Reich

Orglandes German war cemetery

Orgues de Flandre

Original Shaftesbury Theatre

Origins of World War II (game)

Orita M1941

Orlando DiGirolamo

Orlando Executive Airport

Orlando Leopardi

Orlando Ward

Orly - Ouest (Orlyval)

Orly - Sud (Orlyval)

Orly Airport (Paris)


Orme G. Stuart

Ormsby-class attack transport

Oronce Finé

Oroville Municipal Airport

ORP Żbik

ORP Ślązak (L26)

ORP Błyskawica

ORP Burza

ORP Dzik (P52)

ORP General Haller

ORP Grom (1936)

ORP Gryf (1936)

ORP Jaskółka

ORP Jastrząb

ORP Krakowiak (L115)

ORP Kujawiak (L72)

ORP Mazur

ORP Orkan (G90)

ORP Orzeł

ORP Piorun (G65)


ORP Sęp (1938)

ORP Sokół (1940)

ORP Wicher (1928)

ORP Wilk (1929)

Orphism (art)

Orsa-class torpedo boat

Orsay – Ville (Paris RER)

Orson Leon Crandall

Ortrun Enderlein

Orval Faubus

Orval R. Cook

Orvar Trolle

Orville Emil Bloch

Orville Freeman

Oryoku Maru

Orzeł incident

OS2U Kingfisher

Osami Nagano

Oscar C. Badger II

Oscar De Cock

Oscar de Somville

Oscar F. Perdomo

Oscar G. Johnson

Oscar Grégoire

Oscar I of Sweden

Oscar J. Zuniga

Oscar M. Laurel

Oscar Shumsky

Oscar V. Peterson

Oscar van Rappard

Oscar Wilde

Oscarsborg Fortress

Oshima Ken'ichi

Oskar Brüsewitz

Oskar Dinort

Oskar Dirlewanger

Oskar Fried

Oskar Goßler

Oskar Körner

Oskar Kokoschka

Oskar Müller

Oskar Morgenstern

Oskar Rosenfeld

Oskar Schindler

Oskari Friman

Oslo report

Osman Kulenović

Osovets Offensive Operation

OSS Detachment 101



Ost battalion

Oster Conspiracy



Ostmark (Austria)

Ostrogozhsk-Rossosh Operation


Osvaldo Aranha

Osvaldo Ardiles

Oswald Birley

Oswald Boelcke

Oswald Mosley

Oswald Phipps, 4th Marquess of Normanby

Oswald Pohl

Oswald Teichmüller

Oszkár Gerde

Ota Šik

Otakar Batlička

Otakar Jaroš

Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer

Otokar Keršovani

Otomars Oškalns

Ōtori-class torpedo boat

Otozō Yamada


Otter Light Reconnaissance Car

Ottmar Walter

Otto Abetz

Otto Baum

Otto Bertram

Otto Bradfisch

Otto Carius

Otto Ciliax

Otto Dietrich

Otto Špaček

Otto Ernst Remer

Otto Fickeisen

Otto Frank

Otto Freundlich

Otto Georg Thierack

Otto Günsche

Otto Hellmuth

Otto Herschmann

Otto Hitzfeld

Otto Hofmann

Otto Hultberg

Otto John

Otto Königsberger

Otto Kerner, Jr.

Otto Kiep

Otto Kittel

Otto Klemperer

Otto Kretschmer

Otto Kumm

Otto L. Nelson, Jr.

Otto Lasch

Otto Meißner

Otto Müller (wrestler)

Otto Ohlendorf

Otto P. Weyland

Otto Passman

Otto Rahn

Otto Rasch

Otto Robert Frisch

Otto Ruge

Otto Schimek

Otto Schmirgal

Otto Schulz (admiral)

Otto Skorzeny

Otto Steinbrinck

Otto Strasser

Otto Telschow

Otto Tief

Otto Ville Kuusinen

Otto von Bülow

Otto von Knobelsdorff

Otto von Lossow

Otto von Porat

Otto von Stülpnagel

Otto Wöhler

Otto Wagener

Otto Wahle

Otto Weddigen

Otto Weidinger

Otto Wächter

Ou Zhen

Oumar Dieng

Oumar Sène

Oumar Tchomogo

Our Enemy- The Japanese

Our Job in Japan

Ourcq (Paris Métro)

Ours-Pierre-Armand Petit-Dufrénoy

Out Distance

Out of the Ashes (2003 film)

Outer London Defence Ring

Outpost Snipe

Ouvrage Ancien Camp

Ouvrage Anzeling

Ouvrage Arrondaz

Ouvrage Aumetz

Ouvrage Baisse de Saint Veran

Ouvrage Bambesch

Ouvrage Barbonnet

Ouvrage Berenbach

Ouvrage Bersillies

Ouvrage Billig

Ouvrage Bois du Four

Ouvrage Bois Karre

Ouvrage Bousse

Ouvrage Boussois

Ouvrage Bovenberg

Ouvrage Brehain

Ouvrage Cap Martin

Ouvrage Castillon

Ouvrage Cave à Canon

Ouvrage Champ de Tir

Ouvrage Chatelard

Ouvrage Col Agnon

Ouvrage Col de Brouis

Ouvrage Col de Buffere

Ouvrage Col de Crous

Ouvrage Col de Restefond

Ouvrage Col des Banquettes

Ouvrage Col des Gardes

Ouvrage Col du Caire Gros

Ouvrage Col du Fort

Ouvrage Col du Granon

Ouvrage Coucou

Ouvrage Coume Annexe Nord

Ouvrage Coume Annexe Sud

Ouvrage Coume

Ouvrage Denting

Ouvrage Einseling

Ouvrage Eth

Ouvrage Ferme Chappy

Ouvrage Fermont

Ouvrage Flaut

Ouvrage Fontvive Nord-ouest

Ouvrage Four a Chaux

Ouvrage Fressinen

Ouvrage Galgenberg

Ouvrage Gondran

Ouvrage Gordolon

Ouvrage Grand Hohekirkel

Ouvrage Granges Communes

Ouvrage Hackenberg

Ouvrage Haut-Poirier

Ouvrage Hobling

Ouvrage Hochwald

Ouvrage Immerhof

Ouvrage Janus

Ouvrage Kerfent

Ouvrage Kobenbusch

Ouvrage L'Agaisen

Ouvrage La Beole

Ouvrage La Dea

Ouvrage La Moutiere

Ouvrage La Serena

Ouvrage Latiremont

Ouvrage Laudrefang

Ouvrage Le Lavoir

Ouvrage Lembach

Ouvrage Les Aittes

Ouvrage Les Rochilles

Ouvrage Mauvais Bois

Ouvrage Metrich

Ouvrage Michelsberg

Ouvrage Molvange

Ouvrage Mont Agel

Ouvrage Mont des Welches

Ouvrage Monte Grosso

Ouvrage Mottemberg

Ouvrage Oberheid

Ouvrage Otterbiel

Ouvrage Pas du Roc

Ouvrage Plan Caval

Ouvrage Plate Lombard

Ouvrage Reservoir

Ouvrage Restefond

Ouvrage Rimplas

Ouvrage Roche Lacroix

Ouvrage Rochonvillers

Ouvrage Rohrbach

Ouvrage Roquebrunne

Ouvrage Saint Antoine

Ouvrage Saint Gobain

Ouvrage Saint Ours Bas

Ouvrage Saint Ours Haut

Ouvrage Saint Ours Nord-est

Ouvrage Saint Roch

Ouvrage Sainte Agnes

Ouvrage Salmagne

Ouvrage Sapey

Ouvrage Sarts

Ouvrage Schiesseck

Ouvrage Schoenenbourg

Ouvrage Sentzich

Ouvrage Simserhof

Ouvrage Soetrich

Ouvrage Teting

Ouvrage Valdeblore

Ouvrage Village Coume

Ouvrage Welschhof

Ouvry Lindfield Roberts

Ova A. Kelley

Over Here (TV serial)

Overloon War Museum

Overlord (1994 video game)

Oveta Culp Hobby

Ovitz family

OVP (firearm)

Owen Chamberlain

Owen J. Baggett

Owen submachine gun

Owen Tudor Boyd

Owen W. Siler

Ox Emerson

Oxmo Puccino

Oy Insinööritoimisto Ratas

Markham and Ramu Valley – Finisterre Range campaign

The Markham and Ramu Valley – Finisterre Range campaign, was a series of actions in the New Guinea campaign of World War II. The campaign began with an Allied offensive in the Ramu Valley, from 19 September 1943, and concluded when Allied troops entered Madang on 24 April 1944. During the campaign, Australian forces – supported by Australian and US aircraft – advanced through the Markham and Ramu Valleys during which there were minor clashes with Japanese forces, which withdrew towards their main defensive line in the Finisterre Range. The central geographical and strategic feature of the campaign was the imposing Shaggy Ridge, running north-south in the Finisterres; this was the scene of a climactic battle during which the Australians assaulted the Japanese positions in December 1943 and January 1944. Following the fighting around Shaggy Ridge, the Japanese withdrew towards the northern coast of New Guinea, where they were pursued by Australian and US forces advancing through the Finisterres and along the coast from Saidor. Following the capture of Madang, the Japanese eventually withdrew to Wewak where further fighting took place in 1944 and 1945.

Montana Army National Guard

The Montana Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

Montana Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Montana Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Montana.

The Montana Army National Guard maintains facilities in 28 communities.

New Guinea campaign

The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. During the initial phase in early 1942, the Empire of Japan invaded the Australian-administered territories of the New Guinea Mandate (23 January) and Papua (8 March) and overran western New Guinea (beginning 29/30 March), which was a part of the Netherlands East Indies. During the second phase, lasting from late 1942 until the Japanese surrender, the Allies—consisting primarily of Australian and US forces—cleared the Japanese first from Papua, then the Mandate and finally from the Dutch colony.

The campaign resulted in a crushing defeat and heavy losses for the Empire of Japan. As in most Pacific War campaigns, disease and starvation claimed more Japanese lives than enemy action. Most Japanese troops never even came into contact with Allied forces, and were instead simply cut off and subjected to an effective blockade by the US Navy. Garrisons were effectively besieged and denied shipments of food and medical supplies, and as a result, some claim that 97% of Japanese deaths in this campaign were from non-combat causes.According to John Laffin, the campaign "was arguably the most arduous fought by any Allied troops during World War II".

No. 79 Wing RAAF

No. 79 Wing was a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) wing of World War II. It was formed in December 1943 at Batchelor, Northern Territory, as part of North-Western Area Command. Led by Group Captain Charles Eaton, the wing comprised four squadrons on its establishment, flying Beaufort and B-25 Mitchell bombers and Beaufighter heavy fighters. No. 79 Wing took part in the New Guinea and North-Western Area Campaigns during 1944–45, eventually transferring to Balikpapan in the Dutch East Indies as the Allies advanced northward. By the end of the Pacific War, the wing was attached to the Australian First Tactical Air Force and was made up of Nos. 2 and 18 (Netherlands East Indies) Squadrons, both flying Mitchells. The latter transferred to the Netherlands Air Force in late 1945, while the former returned to Australia where it disbanded the following year. No. 79 Headquarters itself disbanded in October 1945, soon after the end of hostilities.

Operation Desecrate One

Operation Desecrate One was a World War II United States Navy operation on 30-31 March 1944. Desecrate One was part of the preparations for Operations Reckless and Persecution, the Allied invasion of western New Guinea.

Desecrate One involved attacks by the aircraft carriers USS Enterprise (CV-6), USS Bunker Hill (CV-17), USS Hornet (CV-12), USS Yorktown (CV-10), USS Lexington (CV-16), USS Monterey (CV-26), USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24), USS Cowpens (CVL-25), USS Cabot (CVL-28), USS Princeton (CVL-23), and USS Langley (CVL-27) against Japanese military bases on and around Palau. Thirty-six Japanese ships were sunk or damaged in the attacks. Among these ships were significant auxiliary vessels such as the torpedo boat tender Kamikaze Maru, submarine tender Urakami Maru, aircraft transport Goshu Maru, repair ship Akashi and the tankers Iro, Ose, and Sata. In addition, TBF and TBM Avengers from the carriers laid extensive fields of mines in and around the channels and approaches to the Palau Islands in the first tactical use during the Pacific War of mines laid by carrier aircraft.


The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic *Hrōþi- "fame" and *berhta- "bright" (Hrōþiberhtaz). Compare Old Dutch Robrecht and Old High German Hrodebert (a compound of Hruod (Old Norse: Hróðr) "fame, glory, renown" and berht "bright"). It is also in use as a surname.After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England in its Old French form Robert, where an Old English cognate form (Hrēodbēorht, Hrodberht, Hrēodbēorð, Hrœdbœrð, Hrœdberð, Hrōðberχt) had existed before the Norman Conquest. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is Roberto.

Robert is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Irish, Scottish, Finnish, and Estonian name as well.


The Sepik River () is the longest river on the island of New Guinea, and after the Fly and the Mamberamo the third largest by volume. The majority of the river flows through the Papua New Guinea (PNG) provinces of Sandaun (formerly West Sepik) and East Sepik, with a small section flowing through the Indonesian province of Papua.

The Sepik has a large catchment area, and landforms that include swamplands, tropical rainforests and mountains. Biologically, the river system is often said to be possibly the largest uncontaminated freshwater wetland system in the Asia-Pacific region. But, in fact, numerous fish and plant species have been introduced into the Sepik since the mid-20th century.

Timeline of World War II (1944)

This is a timeline of events that occurred during 1944 in World War II.

USS Oglala

USS Oglala (ID-1255/CM-4/ARG-1) was a minelayer in the United States Navy. Commissioned as Massachusetts, she was renamed Shawmut a month later, and in 1928, was renamed after the Oglala, a sub-tribe of the Lakota, residing in the Black Hills of South Dakota.

She was originally built as Eastern Steamship Company's SS Massachusetts by William Cramp & Sons of Philadelphia, USA, in 1907, for overnight coastal passenger steamer service through the Cape Cod Canal and Long Island Sound between Boston and New York City. After the US entered World War I, Massachusetts and her sister ship Bunker Hill, were among eight civilian steamships purchased to lay the North Sea Mine Barrage.

VA-54 (U.S. Navy)

VA-54 was an early and long-lived Attack Squadron of the U.S. Navy, operating under many designations during its 20-year life. It was established as Scouting Squadron VS-2B on 3 July 1928, and redesignated as VS-3 on 1 July 1937, and as Bombing Squadron VB-4 on 1 March 1943. It was redesignated as VB-5 on 15 July of that same year, and as Attack Squadron VA-5A on 15 November 1946. Finally, it was redesignated as VA-54 on 15 November 1946. VA-54 was disestablished on 1 December 1949. The squadron's insignia varied over its lifetime, depicting in turn a bird dog, a devil, and finally a bomb and five playing cards. Its nickname is unknown. It was the first squadron to be designated VA-54, a second VA-54 was redesignated from VF-54 on 15 June 1956 and disestablished on 1 April 1958.

Western New Guinea campaign

The Western New Guinea campaign was a series of actions in the New Guinea campaign of World War II. Dutch East Indies KNIL, United States and Australian forces assaulted Japanese bases and positions in the northwest coastal areas of Netherlands New Guinea and adjoining parts of the Australian Territory of New Guinea. The campaign began with Operations Reckless and Persecution, which were amphibious landings by the U.S. I Corps at Hollandia and Aitape on 22 April 1944. Fighting in western New Guinea continued until the end of the war.


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