Operations Malheur I and Malheur II

Operation Malheur I and Operation Malheur II were a series of search and destroy operations conducted by the 1st Brigade 101st Airborne Division operating as part of Task Force Oregon in Quảng Ngãi Province.[1]

Operation Malheur I began on 11 May 1967 and continued until 8 June 1967. The operation began with airmobile assaults aimed at the Viet Cong (VC) 2nd Regiment in Base Area 124 to the west of Đức Phổ District.[1]

Operation Malheur II began on 8 June and continued until 2 August 1967. The operation began with an air assault against Base Area 123 and on June 9 with an air assault against into the area west of the Song Ve valley.[1]

The operations mainly consisted of small-scale skirmishes and were successful in disrupting the VC/People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), but failed to eradicate them. The VC/PAVN were moving freely in the area again by the end of the year. U.S. forces also distributed in excess of 23 million leaflets in the area.

When the operations closed, the 101st reported 869 VC and PAVN killed and 314 weapons captured, for the loss of 81 US killed.[1] The United States Agency for International Development reported 6,400 civilian casualties in the province for 1967 throughout the year, though obviously not all of these could be attributed to the Malheur operations or even to American military action.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Combat After Action – Operation Malheur, conducted by 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division" (PDF). Department of the Army, Office of the Adjutant General. 3 October 1967. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2012.
Outline of the Vietnam War

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Vietnam War:

Vietnam War – Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War (1946–54) and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States, Philippines and other anti-communist allies. The Viet Cong (also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLF), a South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The People's Army of Vietnam, also known as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units to battle.

Quảng Ngãi Province

Quảng Ngãi (listen) is a province in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam, on the coast of East Sea. It is located 883 kilometres (549 mi) south of Hanoi and 838 kilometres (521 mi) north of Hồ Chí Minh City.

Salve H. Matheson

Salve H. Matheson (11 August 1920–8 January 2005) was a general officer in the United States Army who served in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.

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