Operation Custom Tailor

Operation Custom Tailor was an American cruiser and destroyer strike force that conducted a daring raid on Haiphong, North Vietnam, in May 1972. It was a history-making strike that involved the most formidable cruiser/destroyer fleet in the Western Pacific since World War II. During the strike, military targets within four miles of Haiphong were hit and enemy opposition was heavy.

Operation Custom Tailor
Mount-51
USS Hanson firing on the North Vietnamese coast, 1972
ObjectiveMine the port of Haiphong, North Vietnam.
DateMay 1972
Executed by United States
OutcomeUnited States victory, objectives completed.

Operation

MeritoriousUnitCitation
The Meritorious Unit Commendation was awarded to the crew of USS Hanson.

The ships participating were USS Hanson, USS Buchanan, USS Newport News, USS Providence and USS Oklahoma City.

During the raid, USS Hanson entered Haiphong Harbor to suppress North Vietnamese shore batteries while enabling other United States Navy forces to mine the Haiphong Harbor entrance. This made USS Hanson the last American warship to enter Haiphong Harbor during the Vietnam War and the last one out. [1][2][3][4]

      • There was a very similar surface raid into Haiphong Harbor 27 AUG 1972. The ships involved were USS Newport News (CA-148, USS Providence (CLG-6), USS Robison (DDG-12) and USS Rowan (DD-782). Newport News shelled shore targets with her nine rapid fire 8" guns. Providence and Robison provided AAW cover. USS Rowan engaged in suppressive fire by launching four Shrike anti-radiation missiles at North Vietnamese radar sites (using the temporarily-installed "Shrike On Board" system mounted on her ASROC launcher). At least two North Vietnamese PT boats sortied to engage the task force and attempted to attack the cruisers. They were engaged by gunfire from the cruisers and USS Rowan, who's CO placed his ship between the PT boats and their target, and both were damaged and set afire by 5" gunfire from Rowan and Newport News. Carrier-based aircraft from USS Coral Sea arrived shortly afterward and finished them off.

Comment by: W.D. Brasington, CDR USNR (RET), navigator of USS Rowan Ref: A DICEY NIGHT UP NORTH By Chuck Packer Copyright 1999

References

  1. ^ Destroyer Photo Index DD-832 / DDR-832 USS HANSON. Navsource.org. Retrieved on 12 August 2011.
  2. ^ The Ship. USS Hanson 832. Retrieved on 12 August 2011.
  3. ^ Admrial Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. – Meritorious Unit Commendation – USS Hanson (DD-832). History.navy.mil. Retrieved on 12 August 2011.
  4. ^ http://www.uss-buchanan-ddg14.org/buchanan72.html
1972

1972 (MCMLXXII)

was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1972nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 972nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1970s decade.

Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated. (If its start and end are defined using mean solar time [the legal time scale], its duration was 31622401.141 seconds of Terrestrial Time (or Ephemeris Time), which is slightly shorter than 1908).

List of naval battles

This list of naval battles is a chronological list delineating important naval fleet battles.

Note

If a battle's name isn't known it's just referred to as "Action of (date)".

Operation Linebacker

Operation Linebacker was the codename of a U.S. Seventh Air Force and U.S. Navy Task Force 77 air interdiction campaign conducted against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) from 9 May to 23 October 1972, during the Vietnam War.

Its purpose was to halt or slow the transportation of supplies and materials for the Nguyen Hue Offensive (known in the West as the Easter Offensive), an invasion of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) by forces of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) that had been launched on 30 March. Linebacker was the first continuous bombing effort conducted against North Vietnam since the end of Operation Rolling Thunder in November 1968.

Timeline of Vietnamese history

This is a timeline of Vietnamese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Vietnam and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Vietnam.

USS Hanson (DD-832)

USS Hanson (DD/DDR-832) was a Gearing-class destroyer of the United States Navy, named for First Lieutenant Robert M. Hanson, United States Marine Corps of Marine Fighting Squadron Two Fifteen, a quintuple ace who was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously.

USS Newport News (CA-148)

The second USS Newport News (CA–148) was a Des Moines-class heavy cruiser in the United States Navy. Newport News was laid down 1 November 1945; launched on 6 March 1948 by Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia. The vessel was sponsored by Mrs. Homer L. Ferguson upon commissioning on 29 January 1949, Captain Floyd Smoot commanding.

She was the first fully air-conditioned surface ship in the United States Navy, and the last of her age, as well as the last all-gun heavy cruiser in commission in US naval history.

United States Seventh Fleet

The Seventh Fleet is a numbered fleet (a military formation) of the United States Navy. It is headquartered at U.S. Fleet Activities Yokosuka, in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is part of the United States Pacific Fleet. At present, it is the largest of the forward-deployed U.S. fleets, with 60 to 70 ships, 300 aircraft and 40,000 Navy and Marine Corps personnel. Its principal responsibilities are to provide joint command in natural disaster or military operations and operational command of all naval forces in the region.

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