Open access in Spain

In Spain, the national 2011 "Ley de la Ciencia, la Tecnología y la Innovación" (Science, Technology and Innovation Act) requires open access publishing for research that has been produced with public funding.[1][2] The first peer-reviewed open access Spanish journal, Relieve, began in 1995.[3] Publishers CSIC Press and Hipatia Press belong to the international Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association.[4]

Open access publications in Spain 1990 to 2018 OpenAIRE
Growth of open access publications in Spain, 1990–2018


There are a number of collections of scholarship in Spain housed in digital open access repositories.[5] They contain journal articles, book chapters, data, and other research outputs that are free to read. As of March 2018, the UK-based Directory of Open Access Repositories lists some 131 repositories in Spain.[5] Those with the most digital assets include Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert, Tesis Doctorals en Xarxa, GREDOS (of Universidad de Salamanca), Biblioteca Virtual del Patrimonio Bibliográfico (of Ministry of Culture), and Digital CSIC (of Spanish National Research Council).[1]

Most universities in Spain maintain an institutional repository, collectively searchable via the "Recolecta" digital platform.[6][7]

See also

Open access publications in repositories in Spain as of 2018 OpenAIRE
Number of open access publications in various Spanish repositories, 2018


  1. ^ a b "OA in Spain". Open Access in Practice: EU Member States. OpenAIRE. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Ley 14/2011, de 1 de junio, de la Ciencia, la Tecnología y la Innovación", Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish), 2011
  3. ^ Revista electrónica de investigación y evaluación educativa (in Spanish), Asociación Interuniversitaria de Investigación en Pedagogía and Universidad de Valencia, ISSN 1134-4032, retrieved 20 March 2018
  4. ^ "Members",, The Hague: Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, retrieved 7 April 2018
  5. ^ a b "Spain". Directory of Open Access Repositories. UK: University of Nottingham. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Spain". Global Open Access Portal. UNESCO. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  7. ^ Mary Raple, "Top University Repositories in Spain", Open Access Spanish & Latin American Repositories, US: University of Kansas, retrieved 14 July 2018

Further reading

in English
in Spanish

External links

Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid

The Annals of the Botanical Garden of Madrid (Spanish: Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, abbreviation Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid) is a Spanish publication specialized in botany.

Digital CSIC

Digital CSIC of Spain is an online open access repository of research produced by the Spanish National Research Council. It began in 2008. The council is the largest public institution dedicated to research in Spain and the third largest in Europe, and produces a large amount of publications and data.

Education in Spain

Education in Spain is regulated by the Ley Orgánica 8/2013, de 9 de diciembre, para la mejora de la calidad educativa (LOMCE, Organic Law for the improvement of educational quality) that expands upon Article 27 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Education is compulsory and free for all children aged between 6 and 16 years and is supported by the national government together with the governments of each of the country's 17 autonomous communities. is an annual open access Peer review academic journal covering all aspects of information, documentation and archives in the digital world. It is published by the Information Science Section of the Communication Department of the Pompeu Fabra University and was established in 2003 by Cristòfol Rovira, Lluís Codina, and Mari-Carmen Marcos (Pompeu Fabra University).

The scope of the journal is investigating the different connections among user experience and semantic web, including issues of library and information science: accessibility, management tools, on-line cultural resources, and websites museum, Science 2.0, cybermedia, Libraries 2.0, SEO, visibility, CMS, on-line media, the information architecture, taxonomy in Web sites, usability, web design, etc.

Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management

The Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management is a biannual peer-reviewed open access scientific journal that covers research on all aspects of industrial engineering and management. It was established in 2008. It is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association. In 2017, the journal published an article entitled "The Impact of Brand Extension on Brand Image" with virtually no Peer Review. In this article, almost all sentences are grammatically wrong. This journal is an example of many Open Access journals for receiving Emerging Sources Citation Index and publishing almost every thing for an exchange of money.

List of archives in Spain

This is a list of archives in Spain. There are more than 30,000 archives in Spain.

List of libraries in Barcelona

This is a list of public and private libraries in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain).

List of libraries in Spain

This is a list of libraries in Spain.

Media of Spain

Mass media of Spain includes a variety of online, print, and broadcast formats, such as radio, television, newspapers, and magazines.


The Redalyc project (Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y El Caribe, España y Portugal) is a bibliographic database and a digital library of Open Access journals, supported by the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México with the help of numerous other higher education institutions and information systems.

The project started in October 2002 with the general aim of building a scientific information system made up by the leading journals of all the knowledge areas edited in and about Latin America. Since its creation, its goal is: to give visibility to the scientific production generated in Ibero-America, that is underestimated worldwide due to various factors like low investment in science and technology, low participation of Latin American scientists in some of the main currents of science, as measured by percentage of articles by Latin American authors in established electronic databases e.g., MEDLINE, and the low impact of that production. Participation, measured by percentage of articles by authors of Latin America in such databases was very low in the dominant repositories e.g., 2.7% in the Science Citation Index (SCI).As of 2015, Redalyc is an information system that also evaluates the scientific and editorial quality of knowledge in Ibero-America. A research group generates bibliometric indicators about the impact of the journals, authors and countries included in the journal electronic library. Redalyc has been consolidated as an important repository of knowledge with over 1,000 journals and more than 425,000 full-text articles.

Revista Pediatría de Atención Primaria

The Revista Pediatría de Atención Primaria (English: Journal of Pediatric Primary Care) is a quarterly peer-reviewed open access medical journal covering pediatrics. It is the official publication of the Asociación Española de Pediatría de Atención Primaria (Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics). Since 2012, articles are in English with Spanish tables of contents. The journal was established in 1999.

Science and technology in Spain

The topic of Science and Technology in Spain is here taken to include firstly an account of the historical development of these fields of study, and secondly a description of the current institutional and regulatory framework for continuing this development into the future.

Scientia Marina

Scientia Marina, formerly Investigación Pesquera, is a peer-reviewed academic journal on marine research published by Institut de Ciències del Mar de Barcelona (CSIC) since 1955. The journal is abstracted and indexed in the Science Citation Index, Current Contents/Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences, Biosis, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, DIALNET, and Scopus. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2014 impact factor of 1.144, ranking it 63rd out of 102 journals in the category "Q3, Marine and Freshwater Research".

University of La Rioja

The University of La Rioja (UR) is a public institution of higher education based in Logroño, La Rioja, Spain. Inaugurated during 1992-1993 from various existing schools and colleges, it currently teaches Grades 19 adapted to the European Higher Education, and a varied program of masters, summer courses and courses of Spanish language and culture for foreigners. It has earned the Campus International Excellence for the project "Iberus" presented together with the public universities of Zaragoza, Navarra, and Lledia.

The campus of the University of La Rioja is located in Logroño. Teaching, research and culture are activities conducted in the roughly 200,000 square meters it covers. The shield of the University of La Rioja is composed of the initials "U" and "R" removed from the calligraphy of emilianenses codices, written and kept in the Monastery of San Millán de la Cogolla, considered 'the cradle of the Spanish' and a Heritage Site.

In 1996, the University of La Rioja was the first campus to create and teach Spanish in the Bachelor of Oenology, according to the tradition of winemaking in the region, while in 1999 it began offering studies in History and Bachelor of Science Music, the first given at a Spanish public campus entirely through the Internet and is now offered by the Bachelor of Science in Labour and much of the master's program and graduate courses.

The staff at the University of La Rioja is composed of about 450 members of teaching and research staff and 250 other members of the Administration and Services. The ratio remains at 15 students per teacher. In eighteen years of history, University of La Rioja has taught more than 14,000 students.

The UR is part of Group 9 of Universities, which brings together the nine public campuses that are unique in their autonomous region, and Tordesillas Group, a network of Latin American campus has its origins in the First Meeting of Rectors of Universities in Brazil, Spain and Portugal, which was held in June 2000 for the commemoration of 500 years of Brazil, in the Houses of the Treaty in Tordesillas (Valladolid).

In 1999 it received the Medal of the Government of La Rioja, in a ceremony in San Millan de la Cogolla . It runs Dialnet, a bibliographic database.

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