In Canada the Institutes of Health Research effected a policy of open access in 2008, which in 2015 expanded to include the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. The Public Knowledge Project began in 1998 at University of British Columbia. Notable Canadian advocates for open access include Leslie Chan, Jean-Claude Guédon, Stevan Harnad, Heather Morrison, and John Willinsky.
Key events in the development of open access in Canada include the following:
The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) was established in 1976 and brings together thirty-one research libraries. Twenty-nine members are university libraries, plus Library and Archives Canada (LAC) and the National Research Council Canada National Science Library (NSL).Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
The Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology (CJSLPA) / Revue canadienne d'orthophonie et d'audiologie (RCOA) is a peer-reviewed, online journal of clinical practice for audiologists, speech-language pathologists and researchers. It is published by Speech-Language & Audiology Canada.
CJSLPA is an open access journal, which means that all articles are available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose. CJSLPA does not charge publication or processing fees.
The purpose of CJSLPA is to disseminate current knowledge pertaining to hearing, balance and vestibular function, feeding/swallowing, speech, language and social communication across the lifespan. Furthermore, CJSLPA is not restricted to a particular age or diagnostic group.
The journal was established in 1973 as Human Communication and renamed to Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology in 1990, before obtaining its current title in 2007.Canadian Library Association
The Canadian Library Association (CLA) was a national, predominantly English-language association which represented 57,000 library workers across Canada. It also spoke for the interests of the 21 million Canadians who are members of libraries. CLA members worked in all four types of libraries: academic (college and university), public, special (corporate, non-profit and government) and school libraries. Others sat on boards of public libraries, work for companies that provide goods and services to libraries, or were students in graduate level or community college programs.
CLA's Mission Statement was: "CLA is the national voice for Canada's library communities. As members, we:
champion library values and the value of libraries
influence public policy impacting libraries
inspire and support member learning
collaborate to strengthen the library community"The statement highlights the Association's advocacy role on behalf of the Canadian library and information community.
As of January, 2016, the organization claimed it had 924 paid members, although it is unclear whether this means personal members, or total membership (including corporate, associate, institutional, and honorary members). The executive council claims it had spent several years dealing with the difficulties of declining membership, efficiency, and financial power.On January 27, 2016, the CLA membership formally voted to disband the organization.The last CLA Forum was held in June 2016 in Ottawa, Ontario.Canadian Studies in Population
Canadian Studies in Population is a peer-reviewed academic journal publishing original research in areas of demography, population studies, demographic analysis, and the demographics of Canada and other populations. The journal was established in 1974 and is published biannually by the Canadian Population Society, with support from the Population Research Laboratory at the University of Alberta, the Society of Edmonton Demographers (SED) and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
Articles are published in English, with abstracts in French and English, while occasional articles may be published in French. Canadian Studies in Population is indexed in Web of Science, Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences, Social Sciences Citation Index, and Sociological Abstracts. The journal is available as an online version and in February 2008 the journal became part of the Directory of Open Access Journals. Link to the journal at: http://web.uvic.ca/~canpop/journal/Digital divide in Canada
The digital divide in Canada refers to the discrepancy that exists between Canadians who have access to information and communication technologies (ICT) and the benefits they provide compared to those who don't. This divide can be the result of many factors including high costs for technology and online access, differences in the availability of online connectivity resources in different locations across the country, and lacking digital literacy. The digital divide in Canada also stems from income inequality among Canadians and differences in online connectivity practices exhibited by those of different age, gender, first language, and cultural background.The territories situated within Northern Canada in particular have been technologically divided compared to the rest of the country due to economic and geographical obstacles creating challenges regarding having high speed internet connections set up between distant and sparsely populated towns, along with the low digital literacy rates and lack of access to technology that some northern residents possess.Various government initiatives are currently being implemented to reduce the digital divide in Canada, including plans aimed at providing all Canadians with affordable high speed internet packages, increasing the amount of free public Wi-Fi available, and the improvement of digital literacy among students in public elementary and high schools. There is no consensus on the appropriateness of government intervention in addressing the perceived digital divide.Evidence Based Library and Information Practice (journal)
Evidence Based Library and Information Practice is a peer-reviewed open access academic journal covering evidence based library and information practice. It is published quarterly by the University of Alberta Learning Services and was established in 2006.File sharing in Canada
File sharing in Canada relates to the distribution of digital media in that country. Canada had the greatest number of file sharers by percentage of population in the world according to a 2004 report by the OECD. In 2009 however it was found that Canada had only the tenth greatest number of copyright infringements in the world according to a report by BayTSP, a U.S. anti-piracy company.List of archives in Canada
This list of archives in Canada contains archives which are understood for the purposes of this list as entities that work to acquire, preserve and make available material as documentary evidence about a person, community, business, government, municipality, etc. for future generations. The types of archives categories - Business, Community, Cultural, Educational, Healthcare, Human Rights, Government, Military, Regional, Professional association, Religious, University/College, Sport, Arts - have been adapted from those used in the Archives Association of Ontario's Archeion. Archives that exist only in digital form are not included.
To use the sortable table, click on the icons at the top of each column to sort that column in alphabetical order; click again for reverse alphabetical order.List of colleges in Canada
This is a list of colleges in Canada. Colleges are distinct from universities in Canada as they are typically not degree-granting institutions, though some may be enabled by provincial legislation to grant degrees using joint programs with universities or by permission of the provincial Minister of Education.Open data in Canada
Open data in Canada describes the capacity for the Canadian Federal Government and other levels of government in Canada to provide online access to data collected and created by governments in a standards-compliant Web 2.0 way. As of 2016, Canada was ranked 2nd in the world for publishing open data by the World Wide Web Foundation's Open Data Barometer. But as of July 2018, Canada was ranked 7th alongside NorwayA number of efforts have been made to expose data gathered by Canadian governments of all levels in ways that make it available for mashups.Open educational resources in Canada
Open educational resources in Canada are the various initiatives related to open educational resources (OER) and open education established nationally and provincially in Canada, and with international collaboration.
In Canada, education is exclusively a provincial or territorial responsibility, though the federal government can intervene in areas relevant to open education.Project Gutenberg Canada
Project Gutenberg Canada, also known as Project Gutenburg of Canada, is a Canadian digital library founded July 1, 2007. Their website allows Canadian residents to create e-texts and download books that are otherwise not in the public domain in other countries.
It is not formally affiliated with the original Project Gutenberg, though both share the common objective of making public domain books available for free to the general public as e-books. Project Gutenburg Canada primarily focuses on works by Canadian authors or about Canada, as well as works in Canadian French.Distributed Proofreaders Canada began contributing ebooks to Project Gutenberg Canada when launched on December 1, 2007.Science and technology in Canada
Science and technology in Canada consists of three distinct but closely related phenomena:
the diffusion of technology in Canada
scientific research in Canada
innovation, invention and industrial research in CanadaSociety of Canadian Ornithologists
The Society of Canadian Ornithologists, or Société des Ornithologistes du Canada, is an ornithological non-profit organization serving Canada’s ornithological community. It was founded in 1983, and is a member of the Ornithological Council.
The goals of the Society are to encourage and support research towards the understanding and conservation of Canadian birds, serve as a professional society for both amateur and professional Canadian ornithologists, represent Canadian ornithologists within professional ornithological societies, publish information about Canadian birds, and recognise excellence in research, conservation and mentorship in the Canadian ornithological community.
The Society produces the journal Avian Conservation and Ecology - Ecologie et Conservation des Oiseaux (ACE-ECO), which is published jointly with Bird Studies Canada, as well as a newsletter, Picoides. It makes two annual awards, the Doris Huestis Speirs Award, which is given for outstanding lifetime contributions to Canadian ornithology, and the Jamie Smith Memorial Mentoring Award.Toronto Open Data
Toronto Open Data is an open data initiative by the City of Toronto government in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It provides a "world-wide, royalty-free, non-exclusive licence to use, modify, and distribute the datasets in all current and future media and formats for any lawful purpose" with proper credit. The goal of the open data is to make the "government open, accessible and transparent."