Open access in Australia

Open access (OA) has seen extensive growth in Australia since the first open access repository was launched in 2001[1]. There are Open Access policies at the two major research funders: The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) and Australian Research Council (ARC) . Around half of Australian Universities have an OA policy or statement; most policies are for Green (repository based) OA and OA  has become a fundamental part of the scholarly publishing and research landscape in Australia. The Australasian Open Access Strategy Group (AOASG), the Council of Australia University Librarians (CAUL), and the Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA) are advocates for Open Access and related issues in Australia.

History

As part of the global movement, OA has been practiced in academic publishing in Australia since 2001 when the Australian National University established the first ePrint repository at an Australian University [2]. In 2003, the Queensland University of Technology became the first university in the world to mandate open public access to its entire scholarly work [3]. In 2010, the peak leadership organisation for university libraries, the Council of Australia University Librarians (CAUL), released a Statement on Open Scholarship and the Australian Government made a Declaration of Open Government [4]. The National Health and Medical Research Council's (NHMRC) Open Access Policy took effect in 2012 [5]. On the 1st of January 2013 the Australian Research Council's policy took effect making all ARC Discovery projects from 2014 comply.  In 2014, the Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA) adopted a full open access policy [6].  In December 2016 the Australian Productivity Commission released a report on the nation's Intellectual Property system which recommended that all Australian, State and Territory Governments "implement an open access policy for publicly-funded research" [7].  In 2017, a F.A.I.R. policy statement was released confirming the need to make Australia's publicly funded research outputs findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable, and endorsed by ALIA, Analysis & Policy Observatory, Open Data Institute, Creative Commons Australia, CAUL, National and State Libraries Australasia, Knowledge Unlatched & Australasian Research Management Society.

Advocacy

The AOASG works to promote OA and the F.A.I.R principles.  It provides strategic advocacy and operational support to universities, research institutes, funders and government organisations. It is funded by members and hosted by Queensland University of Technology. It presents an annual webinar series on all matters involving OA and a monthly newsletter on OA news. ALIA, CAUL and the AOASG, together with universities and libraries around Australia promote OA awareness and action during Open Access Week in October each year.

Journals

According to the Directory of Open Access Journals 83 are published in Australia.[8]

Open access policies

Institutional policies
Australian Catholic University Australian National University Bond University Charles Darwin University Charles Sturt University
Curtin University Central Queensland University   Edith Cowan University Federation University Flinders University
Deakin University Griffith University James Cook University La Trobe University Macquarie University
Monash University Murdoch University Notre Dame University Queensland University of Technology RMIT
Southern Cross University Swinburne University of Technology Torrens University University of Melbourne University of New England
University of Newcastle University of Queensland University of South Australia University of Southern Queensland University of Sydney
University of Tasmania University of Technology Sydney University of the Sunshine Coast University of Western Australia University of Wollongong
UNSW Sydney Western Sydney University University of Adelaide University of Canberra
Government and research organisation policies
National Health and Mecial Research Centre
Australian Research Council
WA Open Data Policy
NSW fact sheet on OA
Queensland Open Data Policy

References

  1. ^ Kennan, M. A., & Kingsley, D. (2009). The state of the nation: A snapshot of Australian institutional repositories. First Monday, 14(2), 1-23.
  2. ^ Steele, Colin (2013-11-06). "Open access in Australia: an odyssey of sorts?". Insights. 26 (3): 282. doi:10.1629/2048-7754.91. ISSN 2048-7754.
  3. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 2014-01-27. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  4. ^ 16 Jul 2010 (2010-07-16). "Declaration of Open Government | Department of Finance". Finance.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  5. ^ "NHMRC Open Access Policy (previously also referred to as the NHMRC Policy on the Dissemination of Research Findings) | National Health and Medical Research Council". Nhmrc.gov.au. 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  6. ^ "ALIA open access statement". Australian Library and information Association. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  7. ^ Productivity Commission Inquiry. (2016). Intellectual Property Arrangements. Report Number 7. Recommendation 16.1, p.38
  8. ^ DOAJ. "Directory of Open Access Journals". Retrieved 2018-06-16.

External links

Open educational practices in Australia

Open Educational Practices in Australia refers to the development, implementation and use of Open educational resources (OER), open access (research and data), open learning design, open policies, and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) to open up education in Australia.

Project Gutenberg Australia

Project Gutenberg Australia, abbreviated as PGA, is an Internet site which was founded in 2001 by Colin Choat. It is a sister site of Project Gutenberg, though there is no formal relationship between the two organizations. The site hosts free ebooks or e-texts which are in the public domain in Australia. Volunteers have prepared and submitted the ebooks.

To complement the extensive amount of original source material available in the form of ebooks, a great deal of information about the history and the exploration of Australia is provided, together with a "Library of Australiana", a list of ebooks available about Australia or written by Australians.

Because of differences between Australian and United States (where Project Gutenberg is based) copyright law, Project Gutenberg Australia contains many works not available in Project Gutenberg, including works by Margaret Mitchell, George Orwell, Ayn Rand, H. P. Lovecraft, Edgar Wallace, S. S. Van Dine and Dylan Thomas.

With the introduction of the U.S.-Australia Free Trade Agreement, works of authors who died after 31 December 1954 will now not enter the public domain in Australia until at least 1 January 2026. However, all such works which were already public domain under Australian law as of the end of 2004 remain in the public domain, and thus continue to be hosted at Project Gutenberg of Australia.

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