Open Source Ecology

Open Source Ecology (OSE) is a network of farmers, engineers, architects and supporters, whose main goal is the eventual manufacturing of the Global Village Construction Set (GVCS). As described by Open Source Ecology "the GVCS is an open technological platform that allows for the easy fabrication of the 50 different Industrial Machines that it takes to build a small civilization with modern comforts."[3] Groups in Oberlin, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and California are developing blueprints, and building prototypes in order to pass them on to Missouri.[4][5][6] The devices are built and tested on the Factor e Farm in rural Missouri. Recently, 3D-Print reports[7] OSE has been experimenting with RepRap 3-D printers as suggested by academics for sustainable development.[8]

Open Source Ecology
Open Source Ecology (logo)
AbbreviationOSE
Formation2003
HeadquartersFactor e Farm
Location
  • Maysville, Missouri, USA.[1][2]
Region served
Worldwide
ED
Marcin Jakubowski
Budget
$4,000 monthly
WebsiteOpensourceecology.org
Open Source Ecology: Practical post scarcity
Global Village Construction Set
The 50 machines that compose the Global Village Construction Set

History

Marcin Jakubowski Ph.D. founded the group in 2003.[9] In the final year of his doctoral thesis at the University of Wisconsin, he had the feeling that his career field was too closed off from the world's problems, and he wanted to go a different way. After graduation, he devoted himself entirely to OSE.

OSE made it to the world stage in 2011 when Jakubowski presented his Global Village Construction Set TED Talk.[10] Shortly after, the GVCS won Make magazine's Green Project Contest. The Internet blogs Gizmodo and Grist produced detailed features on OSE. Jakubowski has since become a Shuttleworth Foundation Fellow (2012) and TED Senior Fellow (2012).

In December 2013, Marcin married Catarina Mota. She co-chaired the Open Hardware Summit 2012, served on the board of directors of the Open Source Hardware Association, taught as an adjunct faculty member at ITP-NYU, and was a fellow of the National Science and Technology Foundation of Portugal.

Catarina finished her PhD dissertation on the social impact of open and collaborative practices for the development of physical goods and technologies. She was a visiting scholar at ITP-NYU, Research Chair at the Open Source Hardware Association, TED Fellow, and member of NYC Resistor.

Open Source Ecology is also developing in Europe as OSE Europe.[11]

In 2016, OSE and the Open Building Institute joined forces to make affordable, ecological housing widely accessible [12]. The initiative has prototyped the Seed Eco-Home - a 1400 square foot home with the help of 50 people in a 5-day period - demonstrating that OSE's Extreme Manufacturing techniques can be apply to rapid swarm builds of large structures. Materials for the Seed Eco-Home cost around US$30,000. Further, OBI has prototyped the Aquaponic Greenhouse - which was also built in 5 days with 50 people:

Factor e Farm

The Factor e Farm is the main headquarters, where the machines are prototyped and tested. The farm itself also serves as a prototype. Utilizing the Open Source Ecology principles, Marcin and Catarina have built four prototype modules which comprise their home. An added greenhouse demonstrates how a family can grow their own fresh vegetables and fish. Outside there is also a large garden including fruit trees.[13]

Current progress

As of 2014, twelve of the fifty machines have been designed, blueprinted, and prototyped, with four of those reaching the documentation stage.[14][15] On October 2011 a Kickstarter fundraising campaign collected US$63,573 for project expenses and the construction of a training facility.[16] The project has been funded by the Shuttleworth Foundation[17] and is a semifinalist in the Focus Forward Film Festival.[18]

Powercube v7 Assembly video

Liberator Compressed Earth Brick Press v4 Assembly video

Open Source Ecology - LifeTrac - Design Rationale.pdf

LifeTrac tractor - Design Rationale

Open Source Ecology - LifeTrac - Fabricaion Manual.pdf

LifeTrac tractor - Fabrication Report

Open Source Ecology - LifeTrac - Fabrication Drawings.pdf

LifeTrac tractor- Fabrication Drawings

Awards and recognition

  • In 2011, the project won the Green Project Contest organized by the Make magazine.[19]
  • It was also selected as one of the 21 semi-finalists for the Buckminster Fuller Challenge, among 162 participants.[20]
  • TIME rated OSE's Civilization Starter Kit as a top invention of the year 2012.[21]

List of machines

The Global Village Construction Set (GVCS) comprises 50 industrial machines:[22][23]

Category Global Village Construction Set (GVCS)
Habitat

Compressed earth block press v4  · Concrete mixer  · Sawmill  · Bulldozer  · Backhoe

Agriculture

Tractor: LifeTrac v3  · Seeder  · Hay rake  · Microtractor  · Rototiller  · Spader  · Hay cutter  · Trencher  · Bakery oven  · Dairy milking machine  · Microcombine harvester  · Baler  · Well-drilling rig

Industry

Multimachine  · Ironworker  · Laser cutter  · Welder  · Plasma cutter  · Induction furnace  · CNC torch table  · Metal roller  · Wire and rod mill  · Press forge  · Universal rotor  · Drill press  · 3D Printer  · 3D Scanner  · CNC circuit mill  · Industrial robot  · Woodchipper / Hammermill

Energy

Power Cube: PowerCube v7  · Gasifier burner  · Solar concentrator  · Electric motor / generator  · Hydraulic motor  · Nickel–iron battery  · Steam engine  · Steam generator  · Wind turbine  · Pelletizer  · Universal power supply

Materials

Aluminium extractor  · Bioplastic extruder

Transportation

Car  · Truck

GVCS replication

During October, 2011 the first successful duplication of a Global Village Construction Set product by a third-party group was completed. Jason Smith along with James Slade and his organization Creation Flame[24] developed a functioning open source CEB press.[25] A group in Baltimore, Maryland, and a group in Dallas, Texas have also begun production of GVCS machines.[26]

See also

References

  1. ^ Factor e farm information Accessed: 7/28/2011.
  2. ^ "Google Maps Factor e Farm location". maps.google.com. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  3. ^ "Open Source Ecology", Accessed: 7-23-2011.
  4. ^ Rohan Pearce (2011-12-14). "Can open source save the planet?". Techworld Australia.
  5. ^ Leah Messinger (2011-03-23). "A Mad Scientist's 50 Tools for Sustainable Communities". The Atlantic.
  6. ^ Ashlee Vance (2012-11-01). "The Post-Apocalypse Survival Machine Nerd Farm". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  7. ^ http://3dprint.com/10110/3d-printers-economy/
  8. ^ J. M Pearce, C. Morris Blair, K. J. Laciak, R. Andrews, A. Nosrat and I. Zelenika-Zovko, "3-D Printing of Open Source Appropriate Technologies for Self-Directed Sustainable Development", Journal of Sustainable Development 3(4), pp. 17-29 (2010).
  9. ^ "About" Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine, Accessed: 7-19-2011.
  10. ^ "Marcin Jakubowski: Open-sourced blueprints for civilization", April 2011. Accessed: 7-19-2011.
  11. ^ "OSE Europe". Opensourceecology.org. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  12. ^ C. Priavolou, "The Emergence of Open Construction Systems: A Sustainable Paradigm in the Construction Sector?", Journal of Futures Studies 23(2), pp. 67-84 (2018).
  13. ^ Factor e Farm Information Accessed 7-31-2011.
  14. ^ Status Brief, Accessed: 2016-02-14
  15. ^ GVCS Prototype Status, Accessed: 2016-02-14
  16. ^ "Fundraising". Kickstarter.com. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  17. ^ "Marcin Jakubowski". Shuttleworthfoundation.org. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  18. ^ "Build yourself. – Tristan Copley Smith". Vimeo.com. 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  19. ^ "Open Source Ecology: Interview with Founder Marcin Jakubowski". makezine.com. 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  20. ^ The 2011 Buckminster Fuller Challenge Semi-Finalists | The Buckminster Fuller Challenge Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Tech Best Inventions 2012". TIME.com. 2012-11-01. Archived from the original on 2012-11-11.
  22. ^ "GVCS". Open Source Ecology. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  23. ^ "Global Village Construction Set". Open Source Ecology. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  24. ^ Creation Flame Main Page
  25. ^ Creation Flame progress Archived 2012-02-16 at Archive.today Accessed: 11/22/2011
  26. ^ Other GVCS Replications Accessed: 11/22/2011

External links

EXtreme Manufacturing

eXtreme Manufacturing (XM) is an iterative and incremental framework for manufacturing improvement and new product development that was inspired by the software development methodology Scrum and the systematic waste-elimination (lean) production scheduling system Kanban (かんばん(看板)).It is often presented as the intersection between three contributing, component circles: that of Scrum (with its standard roles and responsibilities, its principles of iterative design and sprints, and of making work visible), of object-oriented architecture (emphasizing modularity of components, the interface/contract-first rather than contract-last approach to design, as borrowed from web programming, etc.), and of concepts from extreme programming (XP), a software development methodology, extended to engineering (including use of user stories, "pairing and swarming" work patterns, and ideas from test driven development). The framework also generally applies principles of behavior-driven development.The name was coined in 2012 by Joe Justice, founder of Wikispeed, and Marcin Jakubowski, founder of Open Source Ecology, as a take-off of the name extreme programming (XP), a software development methodology. The XM framework, popularized by Justice and J.J. Sutherland, has a rich history, with origins that relate to the Japanese concept of a Kaizen (改善) or "improvement" business culture, and which predate the early implementations of agile software development.

Farm

A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes with the primary objective of producing food and other crops; it is the basic facility in food production. The name is used for specialised units such as arable farms, vegetable farms, fruit farms, dairy, pig and poultry farms, and land used for the production of natural fibres, biofuel and other commodities. It includes ranches, feedlots, orchards, plantations and estates, smallholdings and hobby farms, and includes the farmhouse and agricultural buildings as well as the land. In modern times the term has been extended so as to include such industrial operations as wind farms and fish farms, both of which can operate on land or sea.

Farming originated independently in different parts of the world, as hunter gatherer societies transitioned to food production rather than, food capture. It may have started about 12,000 years ago with the domestication of livestock in the Fertile Crescent in western Asia, soon to be followed by the cultivation of crops. Modern units tend to specialise in the crops or livestock best suited to the region, with their finished products being sold for the retail market or for further processing, with farm products being traded around the world.

Modern farms in developed countries are highly mechanized. In the United States, livestock may be raised on rangeland and finished in feedlots and the mechanization of crop production has brought about a great decrease in the number of agricultural workers needed. In Europe, traditional family farms are giving way to larger production units. In Australia, some farms are very large because the land is unable to support a high stocking density of livestock because of climatic conditions. In less developed countries, small farms are the norm, and the majority of rural residents are subsistence farmers, feeding their families and selling any surplus products in the local market.

GVCS

GVCS may refer to:

General Catalogue of Variable Stars, a list of variable stars

Global Vision Christian School, a private school in South Korea

Global Village Construction Set, an Open Source Ecology project

Gardena Valley Christian School, a K-8th grade private school, providing Christian education to the children of southern California’s South Bay area in Los Angeles.Green Valley Christian School

Global Value Chain, a value chain analytical approach in Development Studies

Marcin

Marcin (Polish pronunciation: [ˈmart͡ɕin], is a male given name or surname. It is the Polish equivalent of the English name Martin; the female version is Martyna.

Notable people with the name Marcin include:

Given name

Marcin Gortat (born 1984), Polish basketball player

Marcin Jakubowski founded Open Source Ecology (OSE) in 2003

Marcin Kaczmarek (disambiguation), several people

Marcin Kaczmarek (footballer) (born 1979), Polish footballer

Marcin Kaczmarek (swimmer) (born 1977), Polish butterfly swimmer

Marcin Kalinowski (1605–1652), Polish nobleman

Marcin Kromer (1512–1583), Polish historian and chronicler, royal secretary, bishop of Warmia

Marcin Lewandowski (born 1987), Polish 800m runner

Marcin Matkowski (born 1981), Polish tennis player

Marcin Mroziński (born 1981), Polish-English actor, singer and television presenter

Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt (1728–1810), Polish-Lithuanian Jesuit astronomer and mathematician

Marcin Święcicki (born 1947), Polish politician and economist

Marcin Świetlicki (born 1961), Polish poet, writer, musician

Stanislaw Marcin Ulam (1909–1984), Polish mathematician who participated in the Manhattan Project

Marcin of Urzędów (1500–1573), Polish priest, physician, botanist

Marcin Wolski (born 1947), Polish writer and satirist

Marcin of Wrocimowice (died 1442), Polish knight and diplomatSurname

Max Marcin (1879–1949), Polish screenwriter and film director

Marcin Jakubowski

Marcin Jakubowski founded Open Source Ecology (OSE) in 2003. In the final year of his doctoral thesis at the University of Wisconsin, he had the feeling that his career field was too closed off from the world's problems, and he wanted to go a different way. After graduation, he devoted himself entirely to OSE.

Jakubowski is an advocate of open source hardware - particularly open source agriculture.OSE made it to the world stage in 2011 when Jakubowski presented his Global Village Construction Set TED Talk. Shortly after, the GVCS won Make magazine's Green Project Contest. The Internet blogs Gizmodo and Grist produced detailed features on OSE. Jakubowski has since become a Shuttleworth Foundation Fellow (2012) and TED Senior Fellow (2012).

New Economics Foundation

The New Economics Foundation (NEF) is a British think-tank that aims to help build a "new economy where people are really in control".The Foundation was founded in 1986 by the leaders of The Other Economic Summit (TOES) with the aim of working for a "new model of wealth creation, based on equality, diversity and economic stability".The Foundation has around forty employees mainly based in London and is active at a range of different levels. Its programmes include work on housing, reform of the financial system, the future of work, democracy and devolution and climate and environment.

Open-design movement

The open-design movement involves the development of physical products, machines and systems through use of publicly shared design information. This includes the making of both free and open-source software (FOSS) as well as open-source hardware. The process is generally facilitated by the Internet and often performed without monetary compensation. The goals and philosophy of the movement are identical to that of the open-source movement, but are implemented for the development of physical products rather than software. Open design is a form of co-creation, where the final product is designed by the users, rather than an external stakeholder such as a private company.

Open-source car

An open-source car is a car with open design—designed as open-source hardware, using open-source principles.

Open-source computing hardware

Open-source computing hardware comprises computers and computer components with an open design. They are designed as open-source hardware using open-source principles.

Open-source economics

Open-source economics is an economic platform based on open collaboration for the production of software, services, or other products.

First applied to the open-source software industry, this economic model may be applied to a wide range of enterprises.

Some characteristics of open-source economics may include: work or investment carried out without express expectation of return; products or services produced through collaboration between users and developers; and no direct individual ownership of the enterprise itself.

As of recently there were no known commercial organizations outside of software that employ open-source economics as a structural base. Today there are organizations that provide services and products, or at least instructions for building such services or products, that use an open-source economic model.The structure of open-source is based on user participation. "Networked environment makes possible a new modality of organizing production: radically decentralized, collaborative, and non-proprietary; based on sharing resources and outputs among widely distributed, loosely connected individuals who cooperate with each other without relying on either market signals or managerial commands."

Open-source model

The open-source model is a decentralized software development model that encourages open collaboration.

A main principle of open-source software development is peer production, with products such as source code, blueprints, and documentation freely available to the public. The open-source movement in software began as a response to the limitations of proprietary code. The model is used for projects such as in open-source appropriate technology, and open-source drug discovery.Open source promotes universal access via an open-source or free license to a product's design or blueprint, and universal redistribution of that design or blueprint. Before the phrase open source became widely adopted, developers and producers used a variety of other terms. Open source gained hold with the rise of the Internet. The open-source software movement arose to clarify copyright, licensing, domain, and consumer issues.

Generally, open source refers to a computer program in which the source code is available to the general public for use or modification from its original design. Open-source code is meant to be a collaborative effort, where programmers improve upon the source code and share the changes within the community. Code is released under the terms of a software license. Depending on the license terms, others may then download, modify, and publish their version (fork) back to the community.

Many large formal institutions have sprung up to support the development of the open-source movement, including the Apache Software Foundation, which supports community projects such as the open-source framework Apache Hadoop and the open-source HTTP server Apache HTTP.

Open admissions

Open admissions, or open enrollment, is a type of unselective and noncompetitive college admissions process in the United States in which the only criterion for entrance is a high school diploma or a certificate of attendance or General Educational Development (GED) certificate.

Open source (disambiguation)

Open source is the concept of the information allowing the replication or modification of something being open to the public.

Open source may also refer to:

Open-source license

Open-source model

Open-source software

Open university

An open university is a university with an open-door academic policy, with minimal or no entry requirements. Open universities may employ specific teaching methods, such as open supported learning or distance education. However, not all open universities focus on distance education, nor do distance-education universities necessarily have open admission policies.

Ose

Ose may refer to:

Ose (demon)

Ose, (Osei Kofi Tutu I), King of the Ashanti Empire

Ōse, Ehime, a former village in Japan

Ose, Nigeria, a Local Government Area of Ondo State

Ose, Norway, a location in Setesdal

Ose, Poland

Ose, Skye, a settlement in Scotland

-ose, a suffix used in chemistry to indicate a sugarOSE may stand for:

Œuvre de secours aux enfants, a French Jewish humanitarian organization, in Russia since 1912, active in Western Europe during World War II

Obras Sanitarias del Estado, a state-owned Uruguayan water utilities company

Office Server Extensions for Microsoft Servers

Old St. Edwardian, a person who attended St Edward's School, Oxford

OMA Service Environment

Open source ecology, a movement aiming at the collaborative development of tools

OPENSTEP Enterprise, NeXT's offering of the OpenStep platform for Microsoft Windows

Open System Environment, a reference model for Enterprise Architecture

Operating System Embedded, a real-time operating system created by ENEA

Order of Saint Elisabeth

Order of the Star in the East

Organismós Sidirodrómon Elládos, Hellenic Railways Organisation, the state-owned railway company of Greece

Osaka Securities Exchange

Oslo Stock Exchange

OSE, es:Orquesta Sinfónica de Euskadi (OSE) Basque National OrchestraÖse may refer to:

Öse, a river of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, tributary of the Nethe

P2P Foundation

P2P Foundation: The Foundation for Peer to Peer Alternatives is an organization with the aim of studying the impact of peer to peer technology and thought on society. It was founded by Michel Bauwens, James Burke and Brice Le Blévennec.The P2P Foundation is a registered institute founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Its local registered name is: Stichting Peer to Peer Alternatives, dossier nr: 34264847.

Shuttleworth Foundation

The Shuttleworth Foundation was established in January 2001 by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth as an experiment with the purpose of providing funding for people engaged in social change. While there have been various iterations of the foundation, its structure and how it invests in social innovation, the current model employs a fellowship model where fellows are given funding commensurate with their experience to match a year's salary, allowing them to spend that year developing a particular idea.

Notable past and present fellows include Marcin Jakubowski (who develops the Open Source Ecology project), Rufus Pollock (co-founder of the Open Knowledge Foundation) and Mark Surman (now Executive Director of Mozilla Foundation.)

Small farm

The definition of a small farm has varied over time and by country. Agricultural economists have analyzed the distinctions among farm sizes since the field's inception. Traditional agricultural economic theory considered small farms inefficient, a stance that began to be challenged in the 1950s. An overview of research published by the World Bank in 1998 indicated that the productivity of small farms often exceeded that of larger ones.

Whirlwind wheelchair

The Whirlwind wheelchair is a wheelchair designed to be made in developing countries using local resources, in a sustainable development effort.

It was co-designed by Ralf Hotchkiss of Whirlwind Wheelchair International. Hotchkiss, a paraplegic, has traveled extensively, designing wheelchairs that could be built in developing countries.

Whirlwind Wheelchair International uses the principle of open source design, and offers construction classes and consulting services.

Practices
Religious and spiritual
Secular movements
Notable writers
Modern-day adherents
Media
Related topics
Concepts and
practices
Organizations
Activists
Projects and
movements

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