The Director of National Intelligence Open Source Center (OSC) is a U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) intelligence center located in Reston, Virginia, which provides analysis of open-source intelligence materials, including gray literature, through OSC's headquarters and overseas bureaus. Established on November 1, 2005, by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, OSC is tasked with improving the availability of open sources to intelligence officers and other government officials. OSC provides material to the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) and other government officials through the online news service World News Connection.
In the fall of November 1992, Senator David Boren, then Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, sponsored the National Security Act of 1992, attempting to achieve modest reform in the U.S. Intelligence Community. His counterpart on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence was Congressman Dave McCurdy. The House version of the legislation included a separate Open Source Office, at the suggestion of Larry Prior, a Marine Reservist with Marine Corps Intelligence Command experience then serving on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence staff.
In issuing its July 2004 report, the 9/11 Commission recommended the creation of an open source intelligence agency, but without further detail or comment. Subsequently, the WMD Commission (also known as the Robb-Silberman Commission) report in March 2005 recommended the creation of an Open Source Directorate at the CIA.
Following these recommendations, in November 2005 the Director of National Intelligence announced the creation of the DNI Open Source Center. The Center was established to collect information available from "the Internet, databases, press, radio, television, video, geospatial data, photos and commercial imagery." In addition to collecting openly available information, it would train analysts to make better use of this information. The OSC absorbed the CIA's previously existing Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS), originally established in 1941, with FBIS head Douglas Naquin named as director of the Center.
In response to the Cuban Missile Crisis and START Treaty, FBIS was tasked with monitoring for clandestine and encoded messages from all nations and coordinating broadcast media contact points who could instantly broadcast urgent messages on "All Channels" and "All Calls" and mutually receive messages in all languages and codings from any foreign broadcast station. This task continues despite the Open Source Center's DNI reorganization.
The OSC is located in the Reston Town Center development in Reston, Virginia, in the former headquarters of the FBIS. The construction of the facility sparked some controversy in Reston, a planned community, due to the presence of a chained linked and barbed wire fence surrounding the buildings. In the late 1980s, the CIA agreed to install a more aesthetically pleasing fence around the buildings.
The Assistant Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Open Source (ADDNI/OS) is a senior-level position within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, responsible for developing strategic direction, establishing policy and managing fiscal resources for Open Source Intelligence, providing oversight for the DNI Open Source Center, as well as document and media exploitation for the United States Intelligence Community.Foreign Broadcast Information Service
Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) was an open source intelligence component of the Central Intelligence Agency's Directorate of Science and Technology. It monitored, translated, and disseminated within the U.S. government openly available news and information from media sources outside the United States. Its headquarters was in Rosslyn, Virginia 38.8959°N 77.0727°W / 38.8959; -77.0727, later Reston, Virginia 38.955°N 77.359°W / 38.955; -77.359, and it maintained approximately 20 monitoring stations worldwide. In November 2005, it was announced that FBIS would become the newly formed Open Source Center, tasked with the collection and analysis of freely available intelligence.Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: نظام جمهوری اسلامی ایران, translit. Neẓām-e jomhūrī-e eslāmi-e Irān, known simply as Neẓām (Persian: نظام, lit. 'the system') among its supporters, and "the regime" among its dissidents) is the ruling state and current political system in Iran, in power since the revolution and fall of Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.Its constitution, adopted by a referendum, uses separation of powers model with Executive, Legislative, and Judicial systems, while the Supreme Leader is the country's head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.It is currently one of the four governments using the title Islamic republic.Haaretz
Haaretz (Hebrew: הארץ) (lit. "The Land [of Israel]", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – Hebrew: חדשות הארץ, IPA: [χadaˈʃot haˈʔaʁets] – "News of the Land [of Israel]") is an Israeli newspaper. It was founded in 1918, making it the longest running newspaper currently in print in Israel, and is now published in both Hebrew and English in the Berliner format. The English edition is published and sold together with the International New York Times. Both Hebrew and English editions can be read on the Internet. In North America, it is published as a weekly newspaper, combining articles from the Friday edition with a roundup from the rest of the week.
It is known for its left-wing and liberal stances on domestic and foreign issues. As of 2016, the newspaper had a weekday exposure rate of 3.9% in Israel. According to the Center for Research Libraries, among Israel's daily newspapers, "Haaretz is considered the most influential and respected for both its news coverage and its commentary."John Gambino
Giovanni "John" Gambino (August 22, 1940 – November 16, 2017), was an American mobster. Born in Palermo, Sicily, he became a made member of the Gambino crime family in 1975 and a capodecina or captain, and head of the crime family's Sicilian faction, appointed by family boss John Gotti in 1986, according to Mafia turncoat Sammy Gravano.Kahoku Shimpō
Kahoku Shimpō (河北新報) is a Japanese language daily newspaper which is published in Sendai, Japan.L'Express
L'Express (French pronunciation: [lɛksˈpʁɛs]) is a French weekly news magazine headquartered in Paris. The weekly stands at the political centre in the French media landscape, and has a lifestyle supplement, L'Express Styles, and a job supplement, Réussir.La Tribune
La Tribune (French pronunciation: [la tʁiˈbyn]) is a French weekly financial newspaper founded in 1985 by Bruno Bertez. It's main competitor is the French newspaper Les Échos, which is currently owned by LVMH.
From 1993 to 2007 La Tribune was part of LVMH. In 2010, Alain Weill, the Chairman and CEO of NextRadioTV sold 80% of La Tribune to Valérie Decamp for €1 and he still owns 20%.In 2000 had a circulation of 531,000 copies. In 2008 it switched from tabloid to berliner. It was rescued from bankruptcy in 2011. In 2012, the newspaper switched to a weekly format.Les Échos (newspaper)
Les Échos is the first daily French financial newspaper, founded in 1908 by the brothers Robert and Émile Servan-Schreiber. It is the main competitor of La Tribune.Marianne (magazine)
Marianne (French pronunciation: [maˈʁjan], ISSN 1275-7500) is a weekly Paris-based French news magazine.Morteza Heidari
Morteza Heidari (Persian: مرتضی حیدری) (born 17 June 1968 in Tehran) is an Iranian TV presenter. His surname is also spelled Heydari.Nikolay Yegorovich Makarov
Army General Nikolai Yegorovich Makarov (Russian: Никола́й Его́рович Мака́ров, IPA: [nʲɪkɐˈlaj jɪˈgorəvʲɪtɕ mɐˈkarəf]; born 7 October 1949) was Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia and First Deputy Minister of Defence from 2007 to 2012 when he was replaced by Valery Gerasimov.Open-source intelligence
Open-source intelligence (OSINT) is data collected from publicly available sources to be used in an intelligence context. In the intelligence community, the term "open" refers to overt, publicly available sources (as opposed to covert or clandestine sources). It is not related to open-source software or public intelligence.
OSINT under one name or another has been around for hundreds of years. With the advent of instant communications and rapid information transfer, a great deal of actionable and predictive intelligence can now be obtained from public, unclassified sources.Présent
Présent is a French newspaper (published five days a week). The paper was founded in 1982. It is close to the French Front National, and follows a traditionalist Catholic editorial line. Jean Madiran was for long its editor in chief and is still involved in it.Reston Town Center station
Reston Town Center (preliminary name Reston Parkway) is a planned rapid transit station on the Silver Line of the Washington Metro in Reston, an unincorporated area in Northern Virginia. Expected to open in late 2019 or 2020, it will be part of the second phase of the Silver Line project, extending the line westwards to Dulles International Airport and eastern Loudoun County.VSD (French magazine)
VSD is a French weekly news, celebrity and leisure magazine, published on Thursdays in France. The name is formed from the first letters of the French names for Friday (Vendredi), Saturday (Samedi) and Sunday (Dimanche).Vladislav Surkov
Vladislav Yuryevich Surkov (Russian: Владислав Юрьевич Сурков; born 21 September 1964) is a Russian businessman and politician of Chechen descent. He was First Deputy Chief of the Russian Presidential Administration from 1999 to 2011, during which time he was widely seen as the main ideologist of the Kremlin who proposed and implemented the concept of sovereign democracy in Russia. From December 2011 until May 2013 Surkov served as the Russian Federation's Deputy Prime Minister. After his resignation, Surkov returned to the Presidential Executive Office and became a personal adviser of Vladimir Putin on relationships with Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Ukraine.Surkov is perceived by many to be a key figure with much power and influence in the administration of Vladimir Putin. According to The Moscow Times, this perception is not dependent on the official title Surkov might hold at any one time in the Putin government. BBC documentary filmmaker Adam Curtis credits Surkov's blend of theater and politics with keeping Putin, and Putin's chosen successors, in power since 2000.Journalists in Russia and abroad have speculated that Surkov writes under the pseudonym Nathan Dubovitsky, although the Kremlin denies it.World News Connection
World News Connection was a compilation of current international news translated into the English language. The United States Department of Commerce National Technical Information Service compiled and distributed it from non-U.S. media sources, usually within 24–72 hours from the time of the original publication or broadcast.
It provided the full text of newspaper articles, television and radio broadcasts, online sources, conference proceedings, periodicals, and non-classified technical reports. This information was collected and translated to aid decision makers at the highest levels of the executive and legislative branches of the U.S. Government who needed to know what was happening abroad and how it was being reported locally. WNC was especially useful for access to local thoughts and perceptions for those who didn't know the local language. It covered 130 countries, including many out of the way places not generally covered by other news services. It also contained news analyses by OSC specialists.World News Connection was the online offering from the Open Source Center (OSC) (formerly the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS)) that replaced the hard-copy regionally oriented "pink books" that used to be published. Due to a shift in the 1990s toward copyright compliance, the online version was a limited rendition (about half) of what is available for internal government use.
DIALOG, a commercial search service under ProQuest, offered a fee-based means of accessing WNC content. WNC material was also available from Acquire Media, Country Watch, East View Information Services, NISC Pty Ltd (South Africa), and Westlaw.The World News Connection shut down on December 31, 2013.
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