Open Architecture Network

Open Architecture Network was a free online, open source community dedicated to improving global living conditions through innovative and sustainable design. It was developed by Architecture for Humanity.

Sustainable Portable Classroom - The Learning Kit
Sustainable portable classroom design proposal

History

Open Architecture Network was formed after one of its founders, Cameron Sinclair, won the 2006 TED Prize from the Technology Entertainment Design conference. The prize awards each recipient 'one wish to change the world'.

The Beta Version launched at TED2007 on March 8, 2007. Shortly after the launch AMD announced the sponsoring of the 2007 Open Architecture Challenge, an open design competition to develop technology facilities in the developing world.

Purpose

The aim of the network is to allow architects, designers, innovators and community leaders to share innovative and sustainable ideas, designs and plans. View and review designs posted by others. Collaborate with each other, people in other professions and community leaders to address specific design challenges. Manage design projects from concept to implementation. Protect their intellectual property rights using the Creative Commons "some rights reserved" licensing system and be shielded from unwarranted liability.

See also

External links

Anna Heringer

Anna Heringer (born 13 October 1977 in Rosenheim) is a German architect. A proponent of sustainable architecture, she has designed a number of notable buildings including the METI Handmade School in Rudrapur, Bangladesh.

Architecture for Humanity

Architecture for Humanity was a US-based charitable organization that sought architectural solutions to humanitarian crises and brought professional design services to clients (often communities in need). Founded in 1999, it laid off its staff and closed down at the beginning of January 2015.

Since then, the 59 US-based architecture for humanity chapters (which were already operating more or less in a self-sufficient manner even before Architecture for Humanity closed down) formed the Open Architecture Collaborative and vowed to continue. It could thus be argued that despite the closing of the main office, the movement that Architecture for Humanity represented has indeed been strengthened, and not weakened, as it has forced the chapters to operate truly self-sufficiently, and cooperate more directly with the other chapters.

CC-Link Industrial Networks

CC-Link is open industrial network that enables devices from numerous manufacturers to communicate. It is predominantly used in machine, cell or process control applications in manufacturing and production industries, but can also be used in facilities management, process control and building automation.

Cameron Sinclair

Cameron Sinclair (born 16 November 1973) was the former head of social innovation and helped to develop the humanitarian programs at Airbnb. Projects include emergency short term housing for those displaced by man-made and natural disasters; livelihoods for vulnerable communities; peace building programs and rural revitalization.

In 1999 he co-founded Architecture for Humanity, a charitable organization that developed architectural solutions to humanitarian crises and brought professional design and construction services to communities in need. In May 2013 he stepped down from its board and in October 2013 resigned as its "chief eternal optimist"(CEO) and executive director. Sinclair worked as director of the Jolie-Pitt Foundation from November 2013 to December 2015 including overseeing construction of a children's hospital in Ethiopia.

He is also founder of Small Works, a for purpose design and development company which focuses on reconstruction and social impact projects. The organization is best known for its award-winning self built re-deployable structures, many of which were built as schools in Jordan by Syrian refugees. Currently over 4500 children are educated in these facilities. In 2017 Small Works partnered with MADE Collective to propose the worlds' first co-nation called Otra Nation.

Do-it-yourself biology

Do-it-yourself biology (DIY biology, DIY bio) is a growing biotechnological social movement in which individuals, communities, and small organizations study biology and life science using the same methods as traditional research institutions. DIY biology is primarily undertaken by individuals with extensive research training from academia or corporations, who then mentor and oversee other DIY biologists with little or no formal training. This may be done as a hobby, as a not-for-profit endeavour for community learning and open-science innovation, or for profit, to start a business.

Football for Hope Movement

Football for Hope Movement came about after collaborative work between streetfootballworld and the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). The movement was established to further conversation and development of relationships between existing social development and football organizations, various football club teams and individual players, as well as other commercial partners. By using the sport of football as its main vehicle, Football for Hope works to ultimately further develop and achieve the UN Millennium Development Goals.

Kalkin House (Shelburne Museum)

The Kalkin House was an exhibition building at Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, Vermont. Designed by New Jersey-based architect and artist Adam Kalkin, it opened in June 1, 2001. The prefabricated building was made of three trans-oceanic shipping containers housed within a commercially produced metal shell, supplied by Cameron Construction Company, Ferrisburgh, Vermont. The two-story structure also included two glass garage doors and a pair of metal grid balconies. The balcony on the north side of the house projects from the wall, and is thus described by Kalkin as the "male" side of the house.

Kate Stohr

Kate Stohr is an award-winning journalist, data scientist and civic activist based near San Francisco, CA. She is the founder of 99 Antennas, a data consultancy firm. In 2016 she covered the U.S. Presidential Elections as a data journalist with Fusion and noted for her coverage of the online dominance of the Trump candidacy and for her reporting on the racial inequality in US prosecutor elections In 1999 she co-founded Architecture for Humanity with Cameron Sinclair, a humanitarian architecture and design organization that focused on designing and building housing for people suffering from environmental disasters, refugee camps and other people in need. She was managing director of the organization until May 2013.In 2006, Sinclair and Stohr published a compendium on socially conscious design, titled Design Like You Give A Damn: Architectural Responses to Humanitarian Crises (May 2006, Metropolis Books). In 2012 they released the follow-up, titled Design Like You Give A Damn [2]: Building Change From The Ground Up (May 2012, Abrams Books).

As a result of the 2006 TED Prize along with Sinclair, Stohr developed and launched the Open Architecture Network, the worlds' first open source community dedicated to improving living conditions through innovative and sustainable design. In 2012 the Open Architecture Network merged with Worldchanging to expand its work to both the built and natural environment.

In August 2008 Stohr was named as joint recipient of the Design Patron Award for the 2008 National Design Awards. In 2009 Stohr was awarded the Bicentenary Medal of the Royal Society of Arts for increasing people's resourcefulness.

Khayelitsha Football for Hope Centre

Khayelitsha Football for Hope Centre is the first Football for Hope project and was launched on 28 July 2008. The centre opened on 5 December 2009 in the Harare neighbourhood. It cost approximately $256,000 USD and spans about 220 square meters. Khayelitsha is a township in the Western Cape of South Africa in Cape Town.Football for Hope was made possible by Architecture for Humanity, FIFA’s 20 Centres for 2010 project, and streetfootballworld to create the centre in Khayelitsha, while Grassroot Soccer is the Centre Host organisation. Grassroot Soccer’s mission is: “Grassroot Soccer uses the power of soccer to educate, inspire, and mobilise communities to stop the spread of HIV.” Football for Hope’s mission is to use football as a vehicle for the encouragement of health, peace, rights of the children and a way to discourage discrimination. There are different programs that are orchestrated at each centre that promote these objectives. These programs encourage play in an architecturally sound and safe environment.

The location of the Centre plays an important role in its growing popularity and prevalence in Khayelitsha. It is located in an area where pedestrian traffic is heavy and common. This encourages frequent visitors to the Football for Hope Centre. It is placed in a convenient location in the Harare neighbourhood. Because Khayelitsha is the second largest township in South Africa, the location of this Centre is strategic in that it can provide its resources to the vast youth and general population living in Khayelitsha.

Open-design movement

The open-design movement involves the development of physical products, machines and systems through use of publicly shared design information. This includes the making of both free and open-source software (FOSS) as well as open-source hardware. The process is generally facilitated by the Internet and often performed without monetary compensation. The goals and philosophy of the movement are identical to that of the open-source movement, but are implemented for the development of physical products rather than software. Open design is a form of co-creation, where the final product is designed by the users, rather than an external stakeholder such as a private company.

Open-door academic policy

An open-door academic policy, or open-door policy, is a policy if a university accepting to enroll students without asking for evidence of previous education, experience, or references. Usually, payment of the academic fees (or financial support) is all that is required to enroll.

Universities may not employ the open-door policy for all their courses, and those that have a universal open-door policy where all courses have no entry requirements are called open universities. The policy is seen to be a part of the educational revolution. From the dictionary meaning of the open-door policy, which is the idea of granting access to those who want access to the country freely, a similar idea can be drawn in terms of education.According to Deepa Rao, the open-door academic policy is one of the main ways in which adult learners become a part of university/college life. The recognized demand for post-secondary education made many institutions commit strongly to the policy, but many concealed limitations in the policy can prevent some from securing a degree.

Open admissions

Open admissions, or open enrollment, is a type of unselective and noncompetitive college admissions process in the United States in which the only criterion for entrance is a high school diploma or a certificate of attendance or General Educational Development (GED) certificate.

Open collaboration

Open collaboration is "any system of innovation or production that relies on goal-oriented yet loosely coordinated participants who interact to create a product (or service) of economic value, which they make available to contributors and noncontributors alike." It is prominently observed in open source software, but can also be found in many other instances, such as in Internet forums, mailing lists and online communities. Open collaboration is also thought to be the operating principle underlining a gamut of diverse ventures, including bitcoin, TEDx, and Wikipedia.Open collaboration is the principle underlying peer production, mass collaboration, and wikinomics. It was observed initially in open source software, but can also be found in many other instances, such as in Internet forums, mailing lists, Internet communities, and many instances of open content, such as creative commons. It also explains some instances of crowdsourcing, collaborative consumption, and open innovation.Riehle et al. define open collaboration as collaboration based on three principles of egalitarianism, meritocracy, and self-organization. Levine and Prietula define open collaboration as "any system of innovation or production that relies on goal-oriented yet loosely coordinated participants who interact to create a product (or service) of economic value, which they make available to contributors and noncontributors alike." This definition captures multiple instances, all joined by similar principles. For example, all of the elements — goods of economic value, open access to contribute and consume, interaction and exchange, purposeful yet loosely coordinated work — are present in an open source software project, in Wikipedia, or in a user forum or community. They can also be present in a commercial website that is based on user-generated content. In all of these instances of open collaboration, anyone can contribute and anyone can freely partake in the fruits of sharing, which are produced by interacting participants who are loosely coordinated.

An annual conference dedicated to the research and practice of open collaboration is the International Symposium on Wikis and Open Collaboration (OpenSym, formerly WikiSym). As per its website, the group defines open collaboration as "collaboration that is egalitarian (everyone can join, no principled or artificial barriers to participation exist), meritocratic (decisions and status are merit-based rather than imposed) and self-organizing (processes adapt to people rather than people adapt to pre-defined processes)."

Open source

Open source is a term denoting that a product includes permission to use its source code, design documents, or content. It most commonly refers to the open-source model, in which open-source software or other products are released under an open-source license as part of the open-source-software movement. Use of the term originated with software, but has expanded beyond the software sector to cover other open content and forms of open collaboration.

Open university

An open university is a university with an open-door academic policy, with minimal or no entry requirements. Open universities may employ specific teaching methods, such as open supported learning or distance education. However, not all open universities focus on distance education, nor do distance-education universities necessarily have open admission policies.

P2P Foundation

P2P Foundation: The Foundation for Peer to Peer Alternatives is an organization with the aim of studying the impact of peer to peer technology and thought on society. It was founded by Michel Bauwens, James Burke and Brice Le Blévennec.The P2P Foundation is a registered institute founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Its local registered name is: Stichting Peer to Peer Alternatives, dossier nr: 34264847.

Possible Health

Possible Health (formerly known as Nyaya Health, and operating in Nepal as Nyaya Health Nepal) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) that delivers healthcare through public-private partnership agreements with the Government of Nepal. The organization currently manages healthcare in Achham, a district in the Far Western region of Nepal in partnership with the Nepali government's Ministry of Health and Population. Since 2008, Possible has treated over 275,000 patients in rural Nepal through a durable healthcare system of government hospitals, clinics, and community health workers.Since the earthquakes of spring 2015, Possible has committed to building back the healthcare system differently, and is expanding its model to Dolakha District—where 87% of existing healthcare facilities were destroyed.

In 2015, Possible's CEO Mark Arnoldy and Co-Founder Duncan Maru were named Schwab Foundation Social Entrepreneurs of the year.

In 2014, Possible's Chief Strategy Officer and Co-Founder Dr. Duncan Maru was awarded an Early Independence Award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to scientifically assess certain aspects of our rural healthcare delivery model.In 2013, Possible won Sappi's Ideas That Matter design competition which enabled the organization to launch its Crowdfund Health campaign on 2 December 2013.Possible is a partner project

of Partners in Health and in 2012, PIH co-founder Paul Farmer spent time working alongside the Possible team in Achham.Philosopher Peter Singer's organization, The Life You Can Save (named for his book The Life You Can Save) lists Possible as one of its Top 10 Recommended Charities where donors can give most effectively.In 2011, the charity evaluator GiveWell rated Possible, then Nyaya Health, in the top 1% of charities they evaluated for being proven, cost-effective, underfunded, and outstanding.

Public interest design

Public interest design is a human-centered and participatory design practice that places emphasis on the “triple bottom line” of sustainable design that includes ecological, economic, and social issues and on designing products, structures, and systems that address issues such as economic development and the preservation of the environment.

Starting in the late 1990s, several books, convenings, and exhibitions have generated new momentum and investment in public interest design. Since then, public interest design—frequently described as a movement or field—has gained public recognition.

Reinventing Discovery

Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science is a book written by Michael Nielsen and released in October 2011. It argues for the benefits of applying the philosophy of open science to research.

Concepts and
practices
Organizations
Activists
Projects and
movements

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.