Ontario, California

Ontario is a city located in southwestern San Bernardino County, California, 35 miles (56 km) east of downtown Los Angeles and 23 miles (37 km) west of downtown San Bernardino, the county seat. Located in the western part of the Inland Empire metropolitan area, it lies just east of Los Angeles County and is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area. As of the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 163,924, up from 158,007 at the 2000 census, making it the county's fourth most populous city after San Bernardino, Fontana, and Rancho Cucamonga.

The city is home to the Ontario International Airport, which is the 15th busiest airport in the United States by cargo carried. Ontario handles the mass of freight traffic between the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach and the rest of the country.[10] It is also the home of Ontario Mills and former home of the Ontario Motor Speedway.

It takes its name from the Ontario Model Colony development established in 1882 by the Canadian engineer George Chaffey and his brothers William Chaffey and Charles Chaffey.[11] They named the settlement after their home province of Ontario.

Ontario, California
The Ontario Convention Center in September 2006
The Ontario Convention Center in September 2006
Flag of Ontario, California

Flag
Official seal of Ontario, California

Seal
Coat of arms of Ontario, California

Coat of arms
Official logo of Ontario, California

Police seal
Motto(s): 
Southern California's Next Urban Center[1]
Location in San Bernardino County in the state of California
Location in San Bernardino County in the state of California
Ontario, California is located in the United States
Ontario, California
Ontario, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°03′10″N 117°37′40″W / 34.05278°N 117.62778°WCoordinates: 34°03′10″N 117°37′40″W / 34.05278°N 117.62778°W
Country United States
State California
CountySan Bernardino
IncorporatedDecember 10, 1891[2]
Named forOntario, Canada
Government
 • TypeCity Council / City Manager[1]
 • City Council[5]Mayor Paul S. Leon
Mayor Pro Tem Ruben Valencia
Alan D. Wapner
Jim W. Bowman
Debra Dorst-Porada
 • City treasurerJames R. Milhiser[3]
 • City managerScott Ochoa[4]
Area
 • Total49.99 sq mi (129.49 km2)
 • Land49.93 sq mi (129.33 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)  0.13%
Elevation1,004 ft (306 m)
Population
 • Total163,924
 • Estimate 
(2017)[9]
175,841
 • Rank4th in San Bernardino County
29th in California
146th in the United States
 • Density3,521.75/sq mi (1,359.63/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
91758, 91761, 91762, 91764
Area code909
FIPS code06-53896
GNIS feature IDs1652764, 2411323
Primary AirportOntario International Airport
ONT (Major/International)
InterstatesI-10 (CA).svg I-15 (CA).svg
State RoutesCalifornia 60.svg California 83.svg
Commuter RailMetrolink icon.svg
Websitewww.ontarioca.gov

History

Interior of citrus packing house, Ontario, ca.1905 (CHS-1677)
Interior of citrus packing house in Ontario, 1905
GraberOliveHouseVatRoom
The olive vat room at Graber Olive House in Ontario, California. In 1894, two years after planting olive trees in Ontario, C. C. Graber began selling vat cured olives from the pictured vat room in vats similar to the ones pictured. Graber Olive House is the oldest operating olive packer in the United States.

The area that is now Ontario was part of the lands used for hunting and foraging by the semi-nomadic Tongva (Gabrieleño) Native Americans, who were known to roam as far south as the western San Bernardino Mountains. At the time of Mexican and later of American settlement, active Native American settlements were scattered across the entire valley. Remains of a Serrano village were discovered in the neighboring foothills of the present-day city of Claremont.

Juan Bautista de Anza is said to have passed through the area on his 1774 expedition, and to this day a city park and a middle school bear his name. Following the 1819 establishment of San Bernardino Asistencia, which may have served as an outpost of the San Gabriel mission, it became part of a large, vaguely identified area called "San Antonio".

In 1826, Jedediah Smith passed through what is now Upland on the first overland journey to the West coast of North America via the National Old Trails Road (present-day Foothill Blvd).[12]

The 1834 secularization of California land holdings resulted in the land's transferral to private hands. In 1881, the Chaffey brothers, George and William, purchased the land (which at that time also included the present-day city of Upland) and the water rights to it. They engineered a drainage system channeling water from the foothills of Mount San Antonio (colloquially known as "Mount Baldy") down to the flatter lands below that performed the dual functions of allowing farmers to water their crops and preventing the floods that periodically afflict them. They also created the main thoroughfare of Euclid Avenue (California Highway 83), with its distinctive wide lanes and grassy median. The new "Model Colony" (called so because it offered the perfect balance between agriculture and the urban comforts of schools, churches, and commerce) was originally conceived as a dry town, early deeds containing clauses forbidding the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages within the town. The two named the town "Ontario" in honor of the province of Ontario in Canada, where they were born.

Ontario attracted farmers (primarily citrus) and ailing Easterners seeking a drier climate. To impress visitors and potential settlers with the "abundance" of water in Ontario, a fountain was placed at the Southern Pacific railway station. It was turned on when passenger trains were approaching and frugally turned off again after their departure. The original "Chaffey fountain", a simple spigot surrounded by a ring of white stones, was later replaced by the more ornate "Frankish Fountain", an Art Nouveau creation now located outside the Ontario Museum of History and Art.

Agriculture was vital to the early economy, and many street names recall this legacy. The Sunkist plant remains as a living vestige of the citrus era. The Chaffey brothers left to found the settlements of Mildura, Australia and Renmark, Australia, which met with varying success. Charles Frankish continued their work at Ontario.

Mining engineer John Tays refined the design of the novel "mule car", used from 1887 for public transportation on Euclid Avenue to 24th Street. At that point, the two mules were loaded onto a platform at the rear of the car and allowed to ride, as gravity propelled the trolley back down the avenue to the downtown Ontario terminus. Soon replaced by an electric streetcar, the mule car is commemorated by a replica in an enclosure south of C Street on the Euclid Avenue median.

Ontario was incorporated as a city in 1891, and North Ontario broke away in 1906, calling itself Upland. Ontario grew at an astronomical rate, increasing 10 times in the next half a century. The population of 20,000 in the 1960s again grew 10 times more by the year 2007. Ontario was viewed as an "Iowa under Palm trees", with a solid Midwestern/Mid-American foundation, but it had a large German and Swiss community. Tens of thousands of European immigrants came to work in agriculture, and in the early 1900s the first Filipinos and Japanese farm laborers arrived, later to display nursery ownership skills.

Ontario has over two centuries of Hispanic residents, starting from the Californio period of Spanish colonial and Mexican rule in the 1840s. However, the first wave of Mexican settlers was in the 1880s brought as workers in the railroad industry (see traquero) and another wave from the Mexican Revolution of the 1910s. Mexican Americans resided in the city's poorer central side facing State Route 60 and Chino.

Economy

Ontario Mills sign
Ontario Mills in March 2005.

In the years following Ontario's founding, the economy was driven by its reputation as a health resort. Shortly thereafter, citrus farmers began taking advantage of Ontario's rocky soil to plant lemon and orange groves. Agricultural opportunities also attracted vintners and olive growers. The Graber Olive House, which continues to produce olives, is a city historical landmark and one of the oldest institutions in Ontario. Dairy farming is also prevalent, as it continues to be in neighboring Chino. Much of southern Ontario still contains dairy farms and other agricultural farms. However, the area is currently under planning to be developed into a mixed-use area of residential homes, industrial and business parks, and town centers, collectively known as the New Model Colony.[13]

A major pre-war industry was the city's General Electric plant that produced clothing irons. During and after World War II, Ontario experienced a housing boom common to many suburbs. The expansion of the Southern California defense industry attracted many settlers to the city.[14] With California's aerospace industry concentrated in Los Angeles and the Bay Area, the Ontario International Airport was used as a pilot training center.[15] Today, Ontario still has a manufacturing industry, the most notable of which are Maglite, which produces flashlights there. However, manufacturing has waned, and today Ontario's economy is dominated by service industries and warehousing. Major distribution centers are operated by companies such as AutoZone, Cardinal Health, MBM, Genuine Parts/NAPA, and Nordstrom.[16]

Ontario is also home to The Icee Company, clothing companies Famous Stars and Straps and Shiekh Shoes, Scripto U.S.A., and to Phoenix Motorcars, who employs over 150 employees in Ontario.[17]

Top employers

According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[16] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Ontario International Airport 5,000-9,999
2 Safariland 500-999
3 Sam's Club Distribution 500-999
4 Securitas 500-999
5 Target Distribution 500-999
6 United Parcel Service (UPS) 500-999

Arts and culture

The Granada
The Granada Theatre. Circa 1940.

Built in 1925, The Granada Theatre was leased to West Coast Junior Theater. By the 1940s, the theater had become part of the Fox West Coast Theater chain. The Granada Theatre was designed by noted architect L.A. Smith.

Ontario has a franchise of The Dinner Detective, America's Largest Interactive Murder Mystery Dinner Show. The Los Angeles and Denver franchises were voted as the "Best Dinner Show" in 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Ontario is also the home to the second largest consumer Quilt Show in the United States, Road to California. The quilt show books over 2,400 room nights and has a recorded attendance of over 40,000 attendees.[18]

The Ontario post office contains two oil on canvas murals, The Dream depicting founder Chaffey with surveyors and The Reality which shows a view of the completed Euclid Avenue, painted by WPA muralist Nellie G. Best in 1942.[19]

Sports

Metallica 2008 Ontario California1
Citizens Business Bank Arena

The Citizens Business Bank Arena is a multipurpose arena which opened in late 2008. It is owned by Ontario, but is operated by SMG Worldwide. It is an 11,000-seat multi-purpose arena, the largest enclosed arena in the Inland Empire. Over 125 events are held annually featuring sporting competitions, concerts, and family shows.

The arena had been the home of the Ontario Reign, a former team in the ECHL, that called the arena home from 2008 to 2015. The Los Angeles Kings affiliate plays at the 9,736-seat Citizens Business Bank Arena. In their debut season of 2008–09 they were second in the league in attendance, averaging 5856 fans per game in a crowded southern California entertainment market.[20] Minor league teams often have to build a following with success over time, but Ontario Reign fans have offered strong support of the team right out of the gate. The Reign led the ECHL in average attendance in every subsequent year.

Ontario was the host of the 2010 ECHL All-Star Game. Ontario joined Stockton (2008), Fresno (2006), and Bakersfield (2011) as California franchises hosting the league's midseason showcase. The minor league All-Star Game pumped more than $1 million into the local economy.

In January 2015, the American Hockey League, a minor league above the ECHL, announced that it was forming a new Pacific Division and would be replacing the ECHL Ontario Reign with a relocated team. As the relocating team was the LA Kings-owned Manchester Monarchs, the two franchises switched names and cities in order to keep a team name with a well established fan base.

Club League Venue Established Championships
Ontario Fury MASL, Indoor soccer Citizens Business Bank Arena 2013 0
Ontario Reign American Hockey League, Ice hockey Citizens Business Bank Arena 2015 0
Agua Caliente Clippers NBA G League, Basketball Citizens Business Bank Arena 2017 0

Traditions

Since 1959, Ontario has placed three-dimensional nativity scenes from the life of Jesus on the median of Euclid Avenue during the Christmas season. The scenes, featuring statues by the sculptor Rudolph Vargas, were challenged in 1998 as a violation of church-state separation under the California Constitution by atheist resident Patrick Greene, but the dispute was resolved when private organizations began funding the storage and labor involved in the set-up and maintenance of the scenery in its entirety.[21]

As means to support the nativity scenes the Ontario Chamber of Commerce started "Christmas on Euclid". This is a craft fair extravaganza is held the first Saturday in December. High end artist/merchants come to sell their creations. Euclid Avenue is closed to traffic from "G" street to Holt for area residents to enjoy shopping for Christmas present and having a delicious meal. In 2009 the Ontario Kiwanis took over management of the event.

The Christmas on Euclid Experience is a non-profit organization. The Greater Ontario Convention & Visitors Bureau produce the event annually.

The All-States Picnic, an Independence Day celebration, began in 1939 to recognize the varied origins of the city's residents. Picnic tables lined the median of Euclid Avenue from Hawthorne to E Street, with signs for each of the country's 48 states. The picnic was suspended during World War II, but when it resumed in 1948, it attracted 120,000 people. A 1941 Ripley's Believe It or Not! cartoon listed Ontario's picnic table as the "world's longest". As native Californians came to outnumber the out-of-state-born, the celebration waned in popularity until it was discontinued in 1981. It was revived in 1991 as a celebration of civic pride.[22]

For over 50 years the first Saturday in June the Ontario Kiwanis and the Ontario Rotary partner for the annual "Pancake Breakfast and Car Show". Over 10,000 inland empire residents come to eat delicious pancakes and view the over 400 cars that come to show off their gorgeous paint jobs and hope appreciate all the hard work they put into the cars.

Geography

Ontario is located at 34°3' North, 117°38' West (34.05, −117.63).[23]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 50.0 square miles (129 km2). Of that, 49.9 square miles (129 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) is water. The total area is 0.13% water.

Climate

The climate of Ontario is influenced by Bsh semi-arid conditions, with very hot summers and warm winters. Santa Ana Winds hit the area frequently in autumn and winter. Extremes range from 114 °F (46 °C) down to 25 °F (−4 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ontario has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[24]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890683
19007225.7%
19104,274492.0%
19207,28070.3%
193013,58386.6%
194014,1974.5%
195022,87261.1%
196046,617103.8%
197064,11837.5%
198088,82038.5%
1990133,17949.9%
2000158,00718.6%
2010163,9243.7%
Est. 2017175,841[9]7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[26]

2010

The 2010 United States Census[27] reported that Ontario had a population of 163,924. The population density was 3,278.1 people per square mile (1,265.7/km²). The racial makeup of Ontario was 83,683 (51.0%) White (18.2% Non-Hispanic White),[28] 10,561 (6.4%) African American, 1,686 (1.0%) Native American, 8,453 (5.2%) Asian, 514 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 51,373 (31.3%) from other races, and 7,654 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 113,085 persons (69.0%).

The Census reported that 163,166 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 411 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 347 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 44,931 households, out of which 23,076 (51.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 23,789 (52.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,916 (17.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,890 (8.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,470 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 384 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,741 households (15.0%) were made up of individuals and 2,101 (4.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.63. There were 35,595 families (79.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.98.

The population was spread out with 49,443 people (30.2%) under the age of 18, 19,296 people (11.8%) aged 18 to 24, 49,428 people (30.2%) aged 25 to 44, 34,703 people (21.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,054 people (6.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.

There were 47,449 housing units at an average density of 948.9 per square mile (366.4/km²), of which 24,832 (55.3%) were owner-occupied, and 20,099 (44.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 90,864 people (55.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 72,302 people (44.1%) lived in rental housing units.

During 2009–2013, Ontario had a median household income of $54,249, with 18.1% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[28]

2000

As of the census[29] of 2000, there were 158,007 people, 43,525 households, and 34,689 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,173.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,225.5/km²). There were 45,182 housing units at an average density of 907.6 per square mile (350.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.8% White, 7.5% African American, 1.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 34.1% from other races and 5.3% were from two or more races. 59.9% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,525 households out of which 49.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.6 and the average family size was 4.0.

In the city, the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,452, and the median income for a family was $44,031. Males had a median income of $31,664 versus $26,069 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,244. 15.5% of the population and 12.2% of families were below the poverty line. 19.1% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government

Local government

The city is governed by a five-member council: Mayor Paul S. Leon, who was elected as mayor in 2005, re-elected in November 2006 and is the first Hispanic to serve in that position in the history of Ontario, Mayor pro Tem Ruben Valencia, Council Members: Alan D. Wapner, Jim W. Bowman and Debra Dorst- Porada. Council Members Wapner and Bowman being the longest tenured members on the council. Council Member Bowman being the only member of the council who is a lifelong resident of Ontario (over 60 years).

Ontario City Library05apr2006
The Ontario City Library following its 2006 reopening after extensive remodeling

According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $399.4 million in revenues, $305.3 million in expenditures, $1,606.0 million in total assets, $317.6 million in total liabilities, and $412.4 million in cash and investments.[30]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[31]

City Department Director
City Manager Scott Ochoa
Assistant City Manager Al C. Boling
Deputy City Manager David Sheasby
City Attorney John E. Brown
Police Chief Derek Williams
Fire Chief Ray Gayk
Community & Public Services Director Tito Haes
Utilities General Manager Scott Burton
Housing and Municipal Services Director Julie Bjork
Economic Development Director John P. Andrews
Information Technology Director Elliott Ellsworth
Development Director Scott Murphy
Finance Director Armen Harkalyan

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Ontario is in the 20th Senate District, represented by Democrat Connie Leyva, and in the 52nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Freddie Rodriguez.[32]

In the United States House of Representatives, Ontario is in California's 35th congressional district, represented by Democrat Norma Torres.[33]

Education

Ontario has 25 public elementary schools, six public middle schools and five public high schools under the combined oversight of four school districts. There are also several private schools throughout the city as well as two private military schools. Ontario also has nine trade schools. The University of La Verne College of Law is located in downtown Ontario. National University, Argosy University, San Joaquin Valley College and Chapman University have a satellite campus near the Ontario Mills mall. Ontario Christian is located there. Gateway Seminary has a campus in Ontario.

Tourism

The Ontario Mills mall was home to the last Kenny Rogers Roasters operating within the United States. It closed December 31, 2011.[34]

The Greater Ontario Convention & Visitors Bureau is the official destination marketing organization for the cities of Ontario and Rancho Cucamonga, California to visitors nationally and internationally. With support from the hospitality industry, the Greater Ontario Convention & Visitors Bureau implemented a Tourism Marketing District and adopted an aggressive five-year strategic plan focusing on marketing initiatives to bring visitors to the region, build brand and destination awareness while enhancing the local economy.[35]

Infrastructure

EOntarioStation
A Metrolink train at the East Ontario Station

Transportation

The Ontario International Airport provides domestic and international air travel. Because of the many manufacturing companies and warehouses in the city, the airport also serves as a major hub for freight, especially for FedEx and UPS.

Because Ontario is a major hub for passengers and freight, the city is also served by several major freeways. Interstate 10 and the Pomona Freeway (State Route 60) run east–west through the city. Interstate 10 is north of the Ontario airport while the Pomona freeway is south of the airport. Interstate 15 runs in the north–south directions at the eastern side of the city. State Route 83, also known as Euclid Avenue, also runs in the north–south direction at the western side of the city.

The city maintains an Amtrak station which is served by the Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle lines. Ontario also has a Metrolink station off of Haven Avenue. It connects Ontario with much of the Greater Los Angeles area, Orange County and the San Fernando Valley. Public bus transportation is provided by Omnitrans.

Cemeteries

The Bellevue Memorial Park is located on West G Street.[36][37] Spanish–American War Congressional Medal of Honor recipient Frank Fulton Ross is buried there.[38]

Notable people

Sister cities

Ontario has five sister cities around the world.[49] They are:

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ However, according to the official website by the city of Winterthur, Ontario is not one of its partner cities.

References

  1. ^ a b "City Facts". City of Ontario. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  3. ^ "City Treasurer". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  4. ^ "Scott Ochoa". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  5. ^ "Public Officials". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  6. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  7. ^ "Ontario". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  8. ^ "Ontario (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  10. ^ "Ontario: Inland Empire Urban Center". Inlandempireoutlook.org. November 26, 2009. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  11. ^ History of Ontario Archived April 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2010-05-12.
  12. ^ Delja, Beatrice. "CHL # 781 National Old Trails Monument San Bernadino [sic]". www.californiahistoricallandmarks.com. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  13. ^ Khouri, Andrew (November 6, 2014) "Ontario housing development restarts after stalling during recession" Los Angeles Times
  14. ^ Bakken, Gordon Morris, and Alexandra Kindell (2006) ["Encyclopedia of immigration and migration in the American West"] Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications
  15. ^ City History Retrieved 2017-10-21
  16. ^ a b "City of Ontario CAFR".
  17. ^ Ken Bensinger (April 5, 2008). "Road for electric car makers full of potholes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 3, 2011.
  18. ^ "Ontario Convention Center attracting more and more conventions". dailybulletin.com. February 25, 2016.
  19. ^ "Murals will adorn walls of post office". San Bernardino Country Sun. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  20. ^ "ECHL 2008-09 team attendance at hockeydb.com". hockeydb.com. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  21. ^ "chaffey.org". chaffey.org. December 22, 1999. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  22. ^ "dailybulletin.com". dailybulletin.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  23. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  24. ^ "Ontario, California Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  25. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  26. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  27. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Ontario city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  28. ^ a b "Ontario (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  29. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  30. ^ City Ontario CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
  31. ^ City of Ontario CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
  32. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  33. ^ "California's 35th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  34. ^ "Ontario Mills' Big Food gets much, much smaller". December 31, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  35. ^ "Greater Ontario Visitors and Convention Bureau". www.discoverontariocalifornia.org. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  36. ^ "Bellevue Memorial Park". Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  37. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bellview Cemetery
  38. ^ vconline.org.uk
  39. ^ "Silent-movie star lived here, far from the limelight". www.dailybulletin.com. May 7, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
  40. ^ a b c "chaffey.org". chaffey.org. March 22, 2005. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  41. ^ "Ana Patricia: "No quisiera vivir nunca en la Mansión de la belleza"". PeopleenEspanol.com. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  42. ^ "Nick Leyva". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  43. ^ "Soluna On Fire". QV Magazine. Archived from the original on January 15, 2007.
  44. ^ "Al Newman Statistics". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  45. ^ "Doug Northway Biography and Statistics". Sports-reference.com. April 28, 1955. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  46. ^ "Joey Scarbury, born in Ontario, California, singer, Greatest American Hero June 7 in History". Brainyhistory.com. June 7, 1955. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  47. ^ "Alumni Hall of Fame". Chaffey.org. March 22, 2005. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  48. ^ "mikesweeney.org". mikesweeney.org. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  49. ^ "Sister Cities". City of Ontario, California. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  50. ^ "Partnerstädte" (official site) (in German). Winterthur, Switzerland: Stadt Winterthur. 2016. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2016.

External links

Agua Caliente Clippers

The Agua Caliente Clippers of Ontario are an American professional basketball team of the NBA G League that began play in the 2017–18 season. The franchise is owned by and affiliated with the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). The team is based in Ontario, California.

Alderac Entertainment Group

Alderac Entertainment Group, or AEG, is a publisher of role-playing game, board game, and collectible card game products. AEG was formed by Jolly Blackburn in 1993 and is based in the city of Ontario, California. Prior to getting into their current markets, AEG was involved in hobby gaming magazines, with their first product the magazine Shadis (winner of the 1994, 1995, and 1996 Origins Awards for Best Professional Gaming Magazine).

Including the three for Shadis mentioned above, AEG products have garnered eight Origins Awards (see the individual articles noted below for more details).

In 2009, AEG entered the board games market with 10 new board game releases. Notable successes include Thunderstone and Smash Up.

Anthony Muñoz

Michael Anthony Muñoz (born August 19, 1958), is a former American football offensive tackle who played 13 seasons for the National Football League's Cincinnati Bengals. Muñoz is widely considered one of the greatest offensive linemen in NFL history. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1998.

California's 20th State Senate district

California's 20th State Senate district is one of 40 California State Senate districts. It is currently represented by Democrat Connie Leyva of Chino.

California's 52nd State Assembly district

California's 52nd State Assembly district is one of 80 California State Assembly districts. It is currently represented by Democrat Freddie Rodriguez of Pomona.

California Inland Empire Council

The California Inland Empire Council (CIEC) of the Boy Scouts of America was formed in 1973 through the merger of the Arrowhead Area (#048) and Riverside Area Councils (#045). In 1974 Grayback Council (#024) also merged into the new council. In 2006, the council acquired the San Bernardino County portions of Old Baldy Council (#043). The council territory includes all of Riverside and San Bernardino Counties.

California Jam

California Jam (also known as Cal Jam) was a rock music festival co-headlined by Deep Purple and Emerson, Lake & Palmer, held at the Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California, on April 6, 1974. It was produced by ABC Entertainment, Sandy Feldman and Leonard Stogel. Pacific Presentations, a Los Angeles-based concert company headed by Sepp Donahower and Gary Perkins, coordinated the event, booked all the musical talent and ran the advertising campaign. Don Branker worked for Leonard Stogel and was responsible for concert site facilitation, toilets, fencing and medical. The California Jam attracted 300,000–400,000 paying music fans. The festival set what were then records for the loudest amplification system ever installed, the highest paid attendance, and highest gross in history. It was the last of the original wave of rock festivals, as well as one of the most well-executed and financially successful, and presaged the era of media consolidation and the corporatization of the rock music industry.

California Jam II

California Jam II (also known as Cal Jam II) was a music festival held in Ontario, California, at the Ontario Motor Speedway on March 18, 1978 and produced by Leonard Stogel, Sandy Feldman, and Don Branker. More than 350,000 people attended. The event was promoted by Wolf & Rissmiller Concerts. The festival was a sequel to the original California Jam held in 1974.

Citizens Business Bank Arena

Citizens Business Bank Arena (originally Ontario Community Events Center) is a multi-purpose arena in Ontario, California, USA. It hosts local sporting events and concerts. Construction officially began on March 7, 2007, and the arena was opened on October 18, 2008. It is suitable for indoor events, including basketball, ice hockey, ice shows, boxing, graduation ceremonies and concerts. The arena's basketball capacity is 10,832. It also seats 9,736 for hockey (9,491 for Ontario Reign games) and its full capacity is 11,089. The 225,000-square-foot (20,900 m2) venue also has 36 luxury suites on two levels. It is the biggest and most modern arena within the Inland Empire region of California.The arena's construction cost was $150 million; however, it was debt free due to the city selling different properties throughout the city. It was constructed on the old Ontario Motor Speedway property. The arena is owned by the city of Ontario and from 2008 to 2016 was operated by AEG Worldwide, since July 1, 2016, the arena is operated by SMG. The arena is home to the Ontario Reign of the American Hockey League, the Ontario Fury of the Major Arena Soccer League and the Agua Caliente Clippers of the NBA G League.

Del Crandall

Delmar Wesley Crandall (born March 5, 1930 in Ontario, California) is an American former professional baseball player and manager. He played as a catcher in Major League Baseball and played most of his career with the Boston & Milwaukee Braves. Considered one of the National League's top catchers during the 1950s and early 1960s, he led the league in assists a record-tying six times, in fielding percentage four times and in putouts three times.

Henry Bumstead

Lloyd Henry "Bummy" Bumstead (March 17, 1915 – May 24, 2006) was an American cinematic art director and production designer. In a career that spanned over fifty-five years he won two Academy Awards: the first for To Kill a Mockingbird, and the second for The Sting. In addition, he was nominated for Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo and Clint Eastwood's Unforgiven.

Los Angeles Temptation

Los Angeles Temptation (formerly known as Team Dream) was one of two teams that established the Lingerie Football League in 2003.

The old name Team Dream was used at Lingerie Bowl I, broadcast during Super Bowl XXXVIII in 2004. They beat Team Euphoria with a score of 6-0.

In the following year the team was renamed Los Angeles Temptation and the LFL was expanded by two more teams (Dallas Desire and Chicago Bliss). After defeating Dallas Desire in the Western Final (one of the Semi-Finals which included a Skill Test, a 3-on-2 match and a dance competition) with a score of 68-36 they met again with Team Euphoria (now named New York Euphoria) at the final of Lingerie Bowl II and won again.

In 2006 they defeated Dallas Desire again in the Semi-Final but lost against New York Euphoria which won Lingerie Bowl III with a winning margin of only one point (obtained through a conversion) with a total score of 13-12.

Nick Leyva

Nicholas Tomas Leyva (born August 16, 1953) is an American former professional baseball player, coach, and manager. After his retirement as a Minor League Baseball (MiLB) player, most of Leyva’s baseball career was spent as a coach. His Major League Baseball (MLB) coaching stops included the St. Louis Cardinals, Toronto Blue Jays (on two separate occasions), Milwaukee Brewers, and Pittsburgh Pirates. Leyva was the manager of the Philadelphia Phillies from 1989 though early 1991.

Omar Bolden

Omar Bolden (born December 20, 1988) is an American football safety who is currently a free agent. He played college football for Arizona State University and was drafted by the Denver Broncos in the fourth round of the 2012 NFL Draft.

Ontario Fury

The Ontario Fury is an American professional indoor soccer team based in Ontario, California. Founded in 2013, the team made its debut in the Professional Arena Soccer League at the start of the 2013–14 season. The team plays its home games at the Citizens Business Bank Arena under the leadership of general manager, head coach, and sometime-player Bernie Lilavois. As of May 2014, the league is known as the Major Arena Soccer League.

Ontario Mills

Ontario Mills is the largest shopping mall and outlet mall in San Bernardino County, California. It is located in Ontario, California, and with 28 million annual visitors, it is one of the top shopping and tourist destinations in Southern California. It is one of three Mills landmarks in California that are now managed by Simon Property Group since April 2007. Simon owns 50% of it. The Outlets at Orange, and The Great Mall are the others. Ontario Mills was designed by the architectural firm, F+A Architects.

The mall is near the Ontario International Airport, as well as the interchange between the Ontario Freeway (Interstate 15) and the San Bernardino Freeway (Interstate 10), one of the busiest in Southern California.

Ontario Motor Speedway

Ontario Motor Speedway was a motorsport venue located in Ontario, California. It was the first and only automobile racing facility built to accommodate major races sanctioned by all of the four dominant racing sanctioning bodies: USAC (and now IndyCar Series) for open-wheel oval car races; NASCAR for a 500-mile (800 km) oval stock car races; NHRA for drag races; and FIA for Formula One road course races. Constructed in less than two years, the track opened in August 1970 and was considered state of the art at the time.The first full year of racing included the Indy-style open wheel Inaugural California 500 on September 6, 1970; the Miller High Life 500 stock car race on February 28, 1971, the Super Nationals drag race on November 21, 1970 and the Questor Grand Prix on March 28, 1971. Each of these inaugural races drew attendance second only to their established counterparts, the USAC Indianapolis 500, the NASCAR Daytona 500, the NHRA U.S. Nationals, and the U.S. Formula One race at Watkins Glen.

The track was purchased for real estate development by Chevron Land Company in late 1980 and demolished at a cost of $3 million in 1981. It is estimated that the 800-acre (3.2 km2) facility, with 155,000 permanent seats and an air-conditioned private stadium club would have a replacement cost in 2009 of over $350 million.

Ontario Reign

The Ontario Reign are a professional ice hockey team in the American Hockey League (AHL) which began play in the 2015–16 season. Based in Ontario, California and affiliated with the National Hockey League's Los Angeles Kings, the team plays its home games at the Citizens Business Bank Arena. The franchise is a relocation of the former Manchester Monarchs AHL franchise when several other franchises created a Pacific Division in 2015. The team is owned by the Anschutz Entertainment Group.

The Reign replaced the ECHL team of the same name, which played from 2008 until 2015, after which they moved to Manchester, New Hampshire, to play as the Manchester Monarchs.

Ontario Reign (ECHL)

The Ontario Reign were a professional ice hockey team from Ontario, California that played in the ECHL. Their home arena was the Citizens Business Bank Arena. They were affiliated with two National Hockey League teams: the Los Angeles Kings were the team's primary affiliate, and the Winnipeg Jets were the secondary affiliate. In 2015, the franchise moved to Manchester, New Hampshire to become the Manchester Monarchs while the Monarchs of the American Hockey League moved to Ontario and became the Reign as part of the AHL's plan to create a Pacific Division.

Climate data for Ontario International Airport, California (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
89
(32)
94
(34)
101
(38)
103
(39)
108
(42)
114
(46)
109
(43)
112
(44)
107
(42)
98
(37)
86
(30)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 65.2
(18.4)
65.8
(18.8)
69.9
(21.1)
74.0
(23.3)
78.9
(26.1)
85.5
(29.7)
92.2
(33.4)
93.6
(34.2)
89.1
(31.7)
80.6
(27.0)
72.7
(22.6)
65.6
(18.7)
77.8
(25.4)
Average low °F (°C) 43.8
(6.6)
45.3
(7.4)
47.2
(8.4)
50.5
(10.3)
55.5
(13.1)
59.0
(15.0)
63.3
(17.4)
64.7
(18.2)
62.6
(17.0)
55.2
(12.9)
47.0
(8.3)
42.7
(5.9)
53.1
(11.7)
Record low °F (°C) 25
(−4)
31
(−1)
33
(1)
33
(1)
42
(6)
46
(8)
56
(13)
56
(13)
51
(11)
43
(6)
32
(0)
28
(−2)
25
(−4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.31
(84)
3.39
(86)
2.32
(59)
0.94
(24)
.30
(7.6)
.12
(3.0)
.09
(2.3)
.13
(3.3)
.27
(6.9)
.64
(16)
1.21
(31)
2.32
(59)
15.04
(382.1)
Source: NOAA [25]
Destinations from Ontario

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