On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at

"On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at" (Standard English: On Ilkley Moor without a hat)[1] is a folk song from Yorkshire, England. It is sung in the Yorkshire dialect, and is considered the unofficial anthem of Yorkshire.[2] According to tradition, the words were composed by members of a church choir on an outing to Ilkley Moor near Ilkley, West Yorkshire.[3]

"On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at"
Ilkla Moor - heather
Ilkley Moor, setting of the song
Song
LanguageYorkshire dialect
English titleOn Ilkley Moor without a hat
Written1805 (music)
1850s–1870s (words)
Published1916
Composer(s)Thomas Clark
Lyricist(s)Unknown
Ducks on Ilkla Moor
Ducks on Ilkley Moor, as in the song

Theme

The song tells of a lover courting the object of his affections, Mary Jane, on Ilkley Moor without a hat (baht 'at). The singer chides the lover for his lack of headwear – for in the cold winds of Ilkley Moor this will mean his death from exposure. This will in turn result in his burial, the eating of his corpse by worms, the eating of the worms by ducks and finally the eating of the ducks by the singers.

In The Yorkshire Dictionary (Arnold Kellett, 2002) it was said the song (i.e., the lyrics) probably originated from the Halifax area, based on the dialect which is not common to all areas of Yorkshire.

The title is seen in various transcriptions of the dialect, but is most commonly On Ilkla Mooar [or Moor] baht 'at, i.e. "On Ilkley Moor without [wearing] the hat"; idiomatically "On Ilkley Moor without (i.e. bar) the hat". Dr Arnold Kellett reports the traditional belief that the song "came into being as a result of an incident that took place during a ramble and picnic on the moor. It is further generally believed that the ramblers were all on a chapel choir outing, from one of the towns in the industrial West Riding".[3]

The first published version of the words appeared in 1916, when it was described as "a dialect song which, for at least two generations past, has been sung in all parts of the West Riding of Yorkshire".[4] Arnold Kellett calculates that the song "could well have originated in the early years of the second half of the [19th] century, and not as late as 1877 ...".[5]

Tune

Sung to the Methodist hymn tune "Cranbrook" (composed by Canterbury-based shoemaker Thomas Clark in 1805 and later used as a tune for "While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks By Night"), the song became so popular that the origin of the music as a hymn tune has been almost forgotten in the United Kingdom.[6]

It is still used for the traditional words "While Shepherds Watched" in some churches including Leeds Parish Church, but no longer widely recognised as a hymn or carol tune in the United Kingdom.

Cranbrook continues in use as a hymn tune in the United States, where it was not adopted as the tune of a popular secular song and is customarily used with the lyrics of Philip Doddridge's "Grace! 'Tis a Charming Sound".[7][8]

Lyrics

Within the lyrics there is a central verse, the first, third and fourth lines are changed with each following verse. All the verses feature the second, fifth, sixth and seventh lines "On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at".

Lyrics in Yorkshire dialect
Wheear 'ast tha bin sin' ah saw thee, ah saw thee?
On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at
Wheear 'ast tha bin sin' ah saw thee, ah saw thee?
Wheear 'ast tha bin sin' ah saw thee?
On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at
On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at
On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at
Tha's been a cooartin' Mary Jane
Tha's bahn' to catch thy deeath o' cowd
Then us'll ha' to bury thee
Then t'worms'll come an' eyt thee oop
Then t'ducks'll come an' eyt up t'worms
Then us'll go an' eyt up t'ducks
Then us'll all ha' etten thee
That's wheear we get us ooan back
Interpretation in Standard English
Where have you been since I saw you, I saw you?
On Ilkley Moor without a hat
Where have you been since I saw you, I saw you?
Where have you been since I saw you?
On Ilkley Moor without a hat
On Ilkley Moor without a hat
On Ilkley Moor without a hat
You've been courting Mary Jane
You're bound to catch your death of cold
Then we will have to bury you
Then the worms will come and eat you up
Then the ducks will come and eat up the worms
Then we will go and eat up the ducks
Then we will all have eaten you
That's where we get our own back

The lyrics include many features of the Yorkshire dialect such as definite article reduction and H-dropping.

Many sources[9][10] give the first line as "Wheear wor ta bahn when Ah saw thee?" (Where were you going when I saw you), though "Wheear 'ast tha bin sin' Ah saw thee" is the more common version nowadays.

Some singers add the responses "without thy trousers on" after the fourth line of each verse, and "where the ducks play football" after the seventh. Other variations include "where the nuns play rugby", "where the sheep fly backwards", "where the ducks fly backwards", "where the ducks wear trousers", "an' they've all got spots", and "where they've all got clogs on".

Also in some recitals, after the first two lines of "On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at" it is followed by a "Where's that?". Another variant adds "Howzat?" after the first line and "Not out!" after the second. In Leeds the line immediately before the chorus is often ended with "And we all got wet". In the United States, "Then we will go and eat up the ducks" is often followed by a shouted "Up the Ducks!"

There are also alternative endings, where verse nine states: "There is a moral to this tale", and is followed by a chorus of "Don't go without your hat / Don't go without your hat / On Ilkey moor baht 'at" (which is sung commonly within West Yorkshire), or "Don't go a courtin' Mary Jane" (another variation known in the Scouting movement). Alternatively, verse nine is sung as "There is a moral to this tale", and verse ten as "When courtin' always wear a hat".

Usage

Television

Commercial recordings

Other usage

  • The Yorkshire Regiment – 4th Battalion's Quick March.
  • Anita Rani introduced this song to a class of Chinese primary school children during an improvised English lesson on the BBC TV programme China on Four Wheels which was broadcast in 2012.
  • A parody "On Exmoor Baht At" was widely sung at student and Young Liberal conferences in the 1970s.[12]
  • A contemporary rendition was produced by Welcome to Yorkshire for Yorkshire Day 2013. It features a rap by Brian Blessed, as well as an operatic verse by soprano Lesley Garrett.

References

  1. ^ "Word Recognition". Yorkshire Dialect Society. 29 October 2007.
  2. ^ "The National Anthem of Yorkshire 'God's own county'". DKSnakes.co.uk. 24 October 2007. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007.
  3. ^ a b Kellett, Arnold (1998). On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at: the story of the song. Smith Settle. p. 55. ISBN 1-85825-109-5. We can at least clear the ground by looking at the most widely accepted tradition that On Ilkla Mooar came into being as a result of an incident that took place during a ramble and picnic on the moor. It is further generally believed that the ramblers were all on a chapel choir outing, from one of the towns in the industrial West Riding.
  4. ^ Kellett, Arnold (1998). On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at: the story of the song. Smith Settle. p. 83. ISBN 1-85825-109-5.
  5. ^ Kellett, Arnold (1998). On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at: the story of the song. Smith Settle. p. 89. ISBN 1-85825-109-5.
  6. ^ Ian C. Bradley (1997), Abide with me: the world of Victorian hymns, p. 9, ISBN 978-1-57999-010-7
  7. ^ See, e.g., John P. Wiegand, editor, Praise for the Lord (Expanded edition) (Nashville, TN: Praise Press / 21st Century Christian, 1997), Item 199.
  8. ^ "Grace! 'Tis a Charming Sound". Cyberhymnal. Retrieved 7 November 2008. But note that the default tune here is not Cranbrook.
  9. ^ "On Ilkley Moor Baht 'at (On Ilkley Moor Without a Hat • Yorkshire's "National Anthem")". Msgr.ca. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  10. ^ "On Ilkley Moor Baht 'At". Ilkley.org. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  11. ^ "Bill Oddie On Ilkla Moor Baht'at UK Promo 7" vinyl single". Eil.com. Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  12. ^ "Liberator: The Songbook – The Glory Days". Hpcc.ecs.soton.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 April 2015.

Published versions

Further reading

  • Kellett, Arnold (1998). On Ilkla Mooar baht 'at: the story of the song. Smith Settle. ISBN 1-85825-109-5.

External links

Batley Variety Club

Batley Variety Club was a variety club in Batley, West Yorkshire, England. During its heyday the club staged concerts by performers including Louis Armstrong, Shirley Bassey, Tom Jones, Roy Orbison, Eartha Kitt, Morecambe and Wise, Gene Pitney, Neil Sedaka, Ken Dodd and many more. At the peak of its success, the club had 300,000 members. It closed in about 1978 and reopened as "Crumpets" night club. It closed again shortly afterwards and its contents were auctioned off. It reopened as "The Frontier" in the early 1980s and this eventually closed in 2016.

On hearing the news that the building was no longer to be used as a venue, singer Shirley Bassey commented, "I have many happy memories of singing at the Batley Variety Club so sorry to hear it is closing." The building was converted to a gym in 2017.

Change at Oglethorpe

Change at Oglethorpe was a short-lived radio programme that aired from December 1995 to January 1996. There were six half-hour episodes and it was broadcast on BBC Radio 2. It was written by Peter Morfoot and produced by Gareth Edwards.

The theme music is an instrumental arrangement of the Yorkshire folk song On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at, with the opening played by a two-tone train horn.

It has been rebroadcast on BBC Radio 4 Extra, the last time in January/February 2018.

Cranbrook, Kent

Cranbrook is a small town in the civil parish of Cranbrook and Sissinghurst, in the Weald of Kent in South East England. It lies roughly half-way between Maidstone and Hastings, about 38 miles (61 km) southeast of central London.

The smaller settlements of Sissinghurst, Swattenden, Colliers Green and Hartley lie within the civil parish. The population of the parish was 6,717 in 2011.

Cranbrook (hymn tune)

"Cranbrook", also known as "Northampton", is a hymn tune composed in the 1790s or early 1800s by Thomas Clark (1775–1859), a cobbler from Canterbury, and is best known as the tune to the Yorkshire "national anthem" "On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at".

The tune was originally published in A Sett of Psalm & Hymn Tunes with some Select Pieces and an Anthem in 1805 as a setting for "Grace 'tis a charming sound" by Philip Doddridge, but soon became more widely known as a tune for "While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks" by Nahum Tate. The tune is 86.88.666 but is commonly used with lyrics in common metre (86.86). In order to fit, the third line is sung twice and the fourth three times as in "Grace 'tis a charming sound", "While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks" and "On Ilkla Moor baht' at".

Thomas Clark was a regular visitor to Cranbrook, Kent in the 1790s, and may have composed the tune there, possibly with the help of a local schoolmaster, John Francis. Clark later became a choirmaster and composed many other tunes for churches and Sunday Schools.

Culture of Yorkshire

The culture of Yorkshire has developed over the county's history, influenced by the cultures of those who came to control the region, including the Celts (Brigantes and Parisii), Romans, Angles, Vikings and Normans. Yorkshire people are said to have a strong sense of regional identity and have been viewed to identify more strongly with their county than their country. The Yorkshire dialect and accent is distinctive, although use of dialect words is receding.

Dandelion Records

Dandelion Records was a British record label started on 18 July 1969 by the British DJ John Peel as a way to get the music he liked onto record. Peel was responsible for "artistic direction" and the commercial side was handled by Clive Selwood of Elektra Records and his wife Shirley. Peel wrote: The half-witted, idealistic notion behind Dandelion and our other violent, capitalist enterprise, Biscuit Music, is that any profits, if such there be, should go to the artists, not to Clive nor myself.

Dandelion and the sister publishing company Biscuit were named after Peel's hamsters at the suggestion of his then flatmate Marc Bolan.

Around twenty eight albums were released by the label. One album was by Gene Vincent, with a cast of musicians including members of The Byrds and Steppenwolf. Others were by younger or non-commercial artists, including Beau, Bridget St John, Medicine Head, Clifford T. Ward, David Bedford, Lol Coxhill, Stack Waddy, Tractor, Kevin Coyne/Siren, and Denmark's Burnin' Red Ivanhoe.

The only record ever to make the UK Singles Chart was "(And The) Pictures in the Sky" by Medicine Head, which reached #22 in 1971. Beau's "1917 Revolution" made #1 in the Lebanon in 1969.

Dandelion Records were distributed by, successively, CBS Records, Warner Bros. Records and Polydor. The label ran until late 1972 when it started to try to place its artists with other labels as its distribution via Polydor had ceased. It had issued about a dozen singles and two dozen albums. Several releases attracted a cult audience but never quite crossed into the mainstream, although one of the last singles, Clifford T. Ward's 'Coathanger', from his debut album 'Singer Songwriter', attracted a certain amount of airplay on Radio 1. Both Tractor and Medicine Head appeared fairly high in various album charts- Medicine Head would go on to appear on Top of the Pops and Tractor would get heavily involved in the hippy festival circuit which they still make rare appearances on to this day. As Peel himself told Record Collector in 1994, 'when you can't afford full-page ads in the music press, artists become very resentful...there's no faster way of losing friends.'

One of the most curious albums issued by the label was a sampler, There is Some Fun Going Forward.

Most Dandelion recordings have been reissued on vinyl and/or CD. A batch of half a dozen came out on CD on Repertoire Records in the early 1990s, followed by the whole catalogue as two-on-one CDs by See For Miles Records in the mid-1990s.

Individual albums have been licensed around the world, with major catalogue releases since 2005 on Cherry Red Records in the UK and Airmail Archive Recordings in Japan. Cherry Red acquired the entire catalogue of original Dandelion Records recordings (excluding Tractor / The Way We Live) in September 2009. The UK trade mark Dandelion Records and its Dandelion flower logo are the intellectual property of Ozit Morpheus Records who have released new recordings under the Dandelion Records brand.The Dandelion Records by Tractor and The Way We Live were reissued in the 2000s by Ozit Morpheus Records, as was a six-hour DVD about John Peel and some of the artists on Dandelion Records. This was released as a tribute to John in November 2008. It includes a contribution from his wife Sheila Ravenscroft.

Go With Noakes

Go With Noakes was a BBC Television children's programme, broadcast between 28 March 1976 and 21 December 1980.

A documentary series, it was presented by John Noakes initially alongside, then following his departure from, Blue Peter in 1978. Broadly similar to the reports he made for that programme, each episode had an adventure-based outdoor theme in keeping with Noakes's reputation on Blue Peter as a man of action. Noakes was accompanied on most installments by Shep the dog, who had left Blue Peter at the same time. One episode featured the Blue Peter pony for the disabled 'Rags'. Travelling around the country, they got involved in diverse activities like motor racing, rowing, aerobatics and painting. In each series Noakes was featured travelling around Britain in a particular mode, e.g. sailing, narrow boat, walking, open top car, etc.

The series was produced by BBC Manchester and began on 28 March 1976, running for six series and 31 episodes. The last edition was transmitted on 21 December 1980. Being made on film allowed great flexibility with the shooting and editing of each week's subject matter. An example of the first series run was where Noakes met the RAF's Red Arrows aerial display team (first broadcast 11 April 1976). This edition is available to view on the BBC iPlayer on the BBC's website and shows Noakes sitting in on the teams' debriefing, taking part in a simulated flying lesson as well as being a passenger in a practice display before helping the ground crew prepare the team for a big show. In the programme, Noakes references his former occupation where he trained as an aircraft engine fitter for the RAF and BOAC before deciding to become an actor.

The theme-tune for the series was 'On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at' ('On Ilkley Moor, without a hat'), a popular Yorkshire folk song sung to the tune of the hymn 'Cranbrook'. It was a reference to Noakes's own Yorkshire heritage. The end theme though was a different tune.A series of repeats was later broadcast under the title Look Back With Noakes.

A similar series entitled Duncan Dares hosted by one of Noakes's successors on Blue Peter, Peter Duncan, followed in 1985.

Gorden Kaye

Gordon Fitzgerald Kaye (7 April 1941 – 23 January 2017), known as Gorden Kaye, was an English actor and singer, best known for playing womanizing café owner René Artois in the British comedy series 'Allo 'Allo!

Hare Krishna in popular culture

Contributions to popular culture involving direct reference to the Hare Krishna mantra, or the Hare Krishna movement include the following.

ISIRTA songs

ISIRTA songs are the songs, listed in alphabetical order, which were featured in episodes of the British comedy radio series I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again.

The songs were written by Bill Oddie unless specified otherwise.

ITV Yorkshire

ITV Yorkshire, previously known as Yorkshire Television or (informally) YTV is the British television service provided by ITV Broadcasting Limited for the Yorkshire franchise area on the ITV network. Until 1974, this was primarily the historic county of Yorkshire and parts of neighbouring counties served by the Emley Moor and Bilsdale transmitting station transmitters. Following a re-organisation in 1974 the transmission area was extended to include Lincolnshire, northwestern Norfolk and parts of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, served by the Belmont transmitter, but lost much of North Yorkshire served by the Bilsdale transmitter which covered Tyne Tees Television, with transmissions available as far south as Harrogate.

Two consortia applied for the franchise, Telefusion Yorkshire Ltd and Yorkshire Independent Television, the former having large financial backing (supported by the Blackpool-based Telefusion television rental chain) and the latter having the better plans but fewer resources.

On 1 January 2007, the company transferred its programme production business to ITV Studios Limited. As a consequence, Yorkshire Television Limited ceased to trade on 1 January 2007. Yorkshire Television Ltd still legally exists, but its licence is now owned and operated by ITV plc under the licence name of ITV Broadcasting Limited (along with all the other ITV plc-owned franchises). Yorkshire Television Ltd is, along with most other regional companies owned by ITV plc, listed with Companies House as a dormant company.

Ilkley

Ilkley is a spa town and civil parish in West Yorkshire, in Northern England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Ilkley civil parish includes the adjacent village of Ben Rhydding and is a ward within the City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. Approximately 12 miles (19 km) north of Bradford and 17 miles (27 km) northwest of Leeds, the town lies mainly on the south bank of the River Wharfe in Wharfedale, one of the Yorkshire Dales.

Ilkley's spa town heritage and surrounding countryside make tourism an important local industry. The town centre is characterised by Victorian architecture, wide streets and floral displays. Ilkley Moor, to the south of the town, is the subject of a folk song, often described as the unofficial anthem of Yorkshire, "On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at". The song's words are written in Yorkshire dialect, its title translated as "On Ilkley Moor without a hat."

Ilkley Moor

Ilkley Moor is part of Rombalds Moor, the moorland between Ilkley and Keighley (pronounced Keethly) in West Yorkshire, England. The moor, which rises to 402 m (1,319 ft) above sea level, is well known as the inspiration for the Yorkshire "county anthem" On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at (dialect for 'on Ilkley Moor without a hat').

One Song to the Tune of Another

"One Song to the Tune of Another" was the first game played on the BBC Radio 4 comedy panel game I'm Sorry I Haven't a Clue and is still almost always played every other episode. It consists of panellists singing the lyrics of one song to the tune of another song, accompanied on the piano.

The four original panellists were adept at this game, and each took an individual turn. Since the death of Willie Rushton guest panellists have appeared, and the two team members occasionally sing together, presumably to compensate for the unsteadiness of a guest's voice. Guest panellists sometimes exhibit little or no musical talent, most notably Jeremy Hardy, whose dreadful attempts at singing are greatly anticipated by audiences, and this itself often makes for effective comedy.The panellists also sometimes impersonate a singer associated with one of the songs (usually the tune). In several episodes, Graeme Garden was given a song with a tune by Bob Dylan and not only impersonated him, but broke off into a harmonica solo. Notably "How much is that Doggy in the Window", to "Blowin' in the Wind".

The game has been played in several Christmas specials (requiring "One Carol to the Tune of Something Else" — in particular, singing "Silent Night" to the tune of "Tequila"), and a variant was played in the 2007 special Humph In Wonderland, in which panellists sang a Lewis Carroll poem to the tune of a song. Tim Brooke-Taylor and Graeme Garden sang "Jabberwocky" to the tune of "Jerusalem", and Andy Hamilton and Rob Brydon sang "You Are Old, Father William" to the tune of "I Know Him So Well".

Occasionally, some of the panellists imitate backing singers for the panellist actually singing when there is a suitable gap in the song, such as one of the 2009 episodes hosted by Jack Dee, where Barry Cryer and Graeme Garden backed Tim Brooke-Taylor.

Some of the humour derives from the incongruity caused by differences between the songs involved. They may differ wildly in genre, structure, tempo, and time signature, but unlikely combinations have sometimes worked surprisingly well. Having the same metre helps. Examples include:

Barry Cryer singing "Love Me Tender" to the theme tune from The Archers

Barry Cryer singing "Old MacDonald Had a Farm" to the tune of "One" from A Chorus Line

Barry Cryer singing "Chitty Chitty Bang Bang" and "On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at" to the tune of "The Can-Can".

Barry Cryer singing "My Old Man's a Dustman" to the tune of "Heartbreak Hotel"

Barry Cryer singing "Roxanne" by The Police to the tune of "Tiptoe Through the Tulips".

Barry Cryer singing "Hanky Panky" by Madonna to the tune of "Good King Wenceslas".

Barry Cryer singing "I Predict a Riot" by the Kaiser Chiefs to the tune of "A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square"

Graeme Garden singing "Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick" and "Mr. Boombastic" to the tune of "'O Sole Mio"

Graeme Garden singing "Blame It on the Boogie" to the tune of The Battle Hymn of the Republic

Graeme Garden singing "Kung Fu Fighting" to the tune of "Greensleeves"

Graeme Garden singing "Ain't Gonna Bump No More (With No Big Fat Woman)" to the tune of "Jerusalem"

Graeme Garden singing "Incy Wincy Spider", "Remember You're a Womble", "I'm Too Sexy" and "The Gummy Bear Song" to the tune of the "Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves" from Verdi's Nabucco.

Graeme Garden singing "My Way" by Paul Anka and "Thriller" by Michael Jackson to the tune of "The Liberty Bell March" (also known on the show as the theme from Monty Python).

Graeme Garden singing "Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word" and "You'll Never Walk Alone" to the tune of "I Do Like to Be Beside the Seaside".

Graeme Garden singing "Evil Has No Boundaries" by Slayer to the tune of "Wonderful Copenhagen"

Graeme Garden singing "My Old Man's a Dustman" to the tune of "La vie en rose"

Graeme Garden singing "When I'm Cleaning Windows" to the tune of "Away in a Manger".

Graeme Garden singing "What Does The Fox Say?" by Ylvis to the tune of "Non, je ne regrette rien"

Graeme Garden singing "A Whiter Shade of Pale" by Procol Harum to the tune of "When I'm Cleaning Windows".

Tim Brooke-Taylor singing "She'll Be Coming 'Round the Mountain" to the "Dance of the Hours" from La Gioconda by Amilcare Ponchielli

Tim Brooke-Taylor singing "What Shall We Do With The Drunken Sailor?" to the tune of "Tea For Two"

Tim Brooke-Taylor singing "On Mother Kelly's Doorstep" to the tune of "Hernando's Hideaway"

Tim Brooke-Taylor singing "Wannabe" to the tunes of "The Major-General's Song" and "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing".

Tim Brooke-Taylor singing "Psycho Killer" by Talking Heads to the tunes of "By the Light of the Silvery Moon" and "When I Was a Lad" (otherwise known on the show as "Ruler of the Queen's Nav-ee") from HMS Pinafore

Tim Brooke-Taylor singing "Rehab" to the tune of "When I'm Sixty-Four"

Tim Brooke-Taylor singing "Tom's Diner" by Suzanne Vega to the tune of "The Major-General's Song" (with Barry, Graeme and Victoria Wood as the chorus)

Willie Rushton singing "Mairzy Doats" and "Cocaine" to the tune of "(There'll Be Bluebirds Over) The White Cliffs of Dover"

Willie Rushton singing "My Old Man's a Dustman" to the tune of "The Girl from Ipanema" (and vice versa)

Willie Rushton singing "The Laughing Policeman" to the tune of "As Time Goes By", also performed by Barry Cryer.

Jeremy Hardy singing "Teenage Kicks" to the tune of "Jerusalem".

Jeremy Hardy singing Carl Douglas' "Kung Fu Fighting" to the tune of Andrew Lloyd Webber's "Memory" from Cats.

Jeremy Hardy singing "Hanky Panky" by Madonna to the tune of "Onward, Christian Soldiers".

Jeremy Hardy singing "I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat" and "My Humps" to the tune of "I Vow to Thee, My Country".

Jeremy Hardy singing "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" to the tune of "Scarborough Fair" (in Scarborough)

Jo Brand singing "I Kissed a Girl" by Katy Perry to the tunes of "The Toreadors' March" from Bizet's Carmen and "Ol' Man River".

Rory Bremner singing "Single Ladies" by Beyoncé to the tune of "Who do you think you are kidding, Mr. Hitler?"

Rory Bremner singing "Imagine" by John Lennon to the theme from The Muppet Show.

Marcus Brigstocke singing "Common People" to the tune of "If You're Happy and You Know It"

Rob Brydon singing "Killing Me Softly" to the tune of "The Bare Necessities".

Rob Brydon singing "Anarchy in the UK" to the tune of "Just When I Needed You Most" by Randy VanWarmer.

Rob Brydon singing the words of "Who do you think you are kidding, Mr. Hitler?" to the tune of The Carpenters' "Yesterday Once More".

Rob Brydon singing "Baby Got Back" by Sir Mix-a-Lot to the tune of Billy Joel's "Just the Way You Are".

Rob Brydon singing "With My Little Stick of Blackpool Rock" by George Formby to the tune of Tom Jones' "Delilah" (in Blackpool)

Rob Brydon singing the theme from Spider-Man to the tune of "Bring Him Home" from Les Misérables.

Susan Calman singing "Horny" to the tune of "Leaning on a Lamppost".

Susan Calman singing "Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves" by Eurythmics and Aretha Franklin to the tune of "When I Was a Lad" (better known as "Ruler of the Queen's Nav-ee") from HMS Pinafore (with Tim, Richard Osman and Rob Brydon as the chorus).

Jack Dee singing "Purple Haze" to the tune of Brahms' Lullaby.

Omid Djalili singing "(Something Inside) So Strong" to the tune of "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious"

Pippa Evans singing "The Combine Harvester" to the tune of "Somewhere Over the Rainbow".

John Finnemore singing "I Will Survive" to the tune of "I Do Like to Be Beside the Seaside"

John Finnemore singing "Hanky Panky" by Madonna to the tune of "The British Grenadiers".

Stephen Fry singing "Knees Up Mother Brown" to the tune of "The Skye Boat Song"

Stephen Fry singing "Goodness Gracious Me" to the tune of "The First Noel".

Kerry Godliman singing the theme from The Muppet Show to "The Windmills of Your Mind".

Andy Hamilton singing "So Macho" to the tune of "La Marseillaise", also performed by Jeremy Hardy

Andy Hamilton singing "Because I Got High" by Afroman to the tune of "Frosty the Snowman".

Andy Hamilton singing "Hurt" by Johnny Cash to the tune of "Singin' in the Rain".

Both Tony Hawks and Tim Brooke-Taylor have sung "Girlfriend in a Coma" to the tune of "Tiptoe Through the Tulips"

Tony Hawks singing the theme from The Muppet Show to the tune of "A Whiter Shade of Pale", and vice versa sung by David Mitchell.

Tony Hawks singing "Uptown Top Ranking" to the tune of "Scotland the Brave"

Tony Hawks singing "The Major-General's Song" to the tune of "Mad World".

Tony Hawks singing "Relax" by Frankie Goes to Hollywood to the tune of "There's a Kind of Hush"

Tony Hawks singing "The Laughing Policeman" to the tune of Leonard Cohen's "Hallelujah".

Tony Hawks singing "Feelings" to the tune of the "Batman Theme"

Harry Hill singing "The Ugly Duckling" to the tune of Harry Nilsson's "Without You".

Harry Hill singing "Old MacDonald Had a Farm" to the tune of The Eagles' "Hotel California".

Phill Jupitus singing "Feelings" to the tune of the Colonel Bogey March

Phill Jupitus singing "Get the Party Started" to the tune of "A Policeman's Lot is Not a Happy One" from The Pirates of Penzance

Miles Jupp singing "The Marrow Song" by The Wurzels to the tunes of "You've Got a Friend" and "Holding Out for a Hero"

Miles Jupp singing "Horny" to the tune of Charles Aznavour's "She".

Fred MacAulay singing "There's No One Quite Like Grandma" to the tune of "Scotland the Brave"

Paul Merton singing "Stand By Me" to the tune of the William Tell Overture

David Mitchell singing "Gordon is a Moron" to the tune of "The Girl from Ipanema"

Ross Noble singing "Sometimes When We Touch" to the tune of "Scotland the Brave"

Richard Osman singing "Milkshake" by Kelis to the tune of "English Country Garden"

Caroline Quentin singing "Cocaine" to the tune of "Walking in the Air"

Jan Ravens singing "Satisfaction" by the Rolling Stones to the tune of "Wouldn't It Be Loverly" from My Fair Lady.

Linda Smith singing "Psycho Killer" by Talking Heads to the tune of "Save Your Love" by Renée and Renato

Sandi Toksvig singing "Ain't No Sunshine" by Bill Withers to the tune of "God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen"

Sandi Toksvig singing "Feelings" to the tune of "The Can-Can".

Victoria Wood singing "Roxanne" by The Police to the tune of the theme from Neighbours

Victoria Wood singing the theme to Bob the Builder to the tune of "I Dreamed a Dream" from "Les Miserables".A contribution to the effectiveness of the rendition is made by the pianist (usually Colin Sell) who, given the uneven rhythm of the vocalists, often has a much more difficult task than is usually required from an accompanist.

Sessay

Sessay is a small, linear village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 4 miles (6 km) south-east from Thirsk, and 2 miles (3 km) west from the A19 road close to the East Coast Main Line.

The civil parish also includes the village of Little Sessay, where the parish church and school are located. In 2013 the population of the civil parish was estimated at 320. The 2001 UK Census recorded the population as 311 of which 266 were over sixteen years old. There were 130 dwellings of which 90 were detached.

Thomas Clark (composer)

Thomas Clark (1775–1859) was a Canterbury shoemaker (cordwainer) and a prolific composer of West Gallery music, especially for the Nonconformist churches of the South East of England. Sally Drage, writing in the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, notes that he was 'particularly influential as the composer of early Sunday School collections'.Clark was born in St Peter's parish in Canterbury and baptized on 5 February 1775. He was apprenticed as a shoemaker to his father, William Clark, and became a Freeman of the City of Canterbury in 1796 on completion of his apprenticeship as he was the son of a Freeman.

He married Anne Ledger in St George's Church, Canterbury, in November 1806. He took over the family business on his father's death in 1823. He retired from business in about 1842-3. He died in Canterbury on 30 May 1859, aged 84.The best-known of his hymn tunes is Cranbrook: it was originally set to the words 'Grace 'tis a charming sound' written by Philip Doddridge, and published in Clark's first book A Sett of Psalm & Hymn Tunes [1805]. Cranbrook was later used as a tune for the Christmas hymn While shepherds watched their flocks by night and is now better known as the tune of the Yorkshire song On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at.

Two other tunes by Clark were included in the 1933 Methodist Hymn Book with Tunes: they are Crediton (tune 565), which was first published in Clark's Second Set of Psalm Tunes ... with symphonies & an instrumental bass, adapted to the use of country choirs [c. 1807], and Warsaw (tune 606), which was first published in his Third Set of Psalm & Hymn Tunes [1807].

While shepherds watched their flocks

"While shepherds watched their flocks" is a Christmas carol describing the Annunciation to the Shepherds, with words attributed to Irish hymnist, lyricist and England's Poet Laureate Nahum Tate.The exact date of Tate's composition is not known, but the words appeared in Tate and Nicholas Brady's 1700 supplement to their New Version of the Psalms of David of 1696. It was the only Christmas hymn authorised to be sung by the Anglican Church; before 1700 only the Psalms of David were permitted to be sung. It is written in common metre and based on the Gospel of Luke 2:8–14.

It is the only one of the sixteen works in the 1700 supplement to still be sung today. It was published by Davies Gilbert (London, 1822), and William B. Sandys (London, 1833). The carol is most commonly sung to two different tunes: Winchester Old in the United Kingdom and a variation on a Handel aria arranged by Lowell Mason in the United States.

Yorkshire

Yorkshire (; abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom. Due to its great size in comparison to other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have also been subject to periodic reform. Throughout these changes, Yorkshire has continued to be recognised as a geographical territory and cultural region. The name is familiar and well understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use in the media and the military, and also features in the titles of current areas of civil administration such as North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire.

Within the borders of the historic county of Yorkshire are vast stretches of unspoiled countryside. This can be found in the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors and with the open aspect of some of the major cities. Yorkshire has also been nicknamed "God's Own Country".The emblem of Yorkshire is the White Rose of the English royal House of York, and the most commonly used flag representative of Yorkshire is the White Rose on a blue background, which after nearly fifty years of use, was recognised by the Flag Institute on 29 July 2008. Yorkshire Day, held annually on 1 August, is a celebration of the general culture of Yorkshire, ranging from its history to its own dialect.Yorkshire is covered by different Government Office Regions. Most of the county falls within Yorkshire and the Humber while the extreme northern part of the county, such as Middlesbrough, Redcar, Holwick and Startforth, falls within North East England. Small areas in the west of the county are covered by the North West England region.

Yorkshire Volunteers

The Yorkshire Volunteers was an infantry regiment of the British Territorial Army. The regiment was raised on 1 April 1967 and disbanded on 25 April 1993.Following subsequent amalgamations and reorganisations the regiment is represented by the 4th Battalion, The Yorkshire Regiment.

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