Omsk

Omsk (/ɒmsk/; Russian: Омск, IPA: [omsk]) is a city and the administrative center of Omsk Oblast, Russia, located in southwestern Siberia 2,236 kilometers (1,389 mi)[13] from Moscow. With a population of 1,154,116, it is Russia's second-largest city east of the Ural Mountains after Novosibirsk, and seventh by size nationally.[6] Omsk acts as an essential transport node, serving as a train station for Trans-Siberian Railway and as a staging post for the Irtysh River.

During the Imperial era, Omsk used to be the seat of the Governor General of Western Siberia and, later, of the Governor General of the Steppes. For a brief period during the Russian Civil War in 1918–1920, it served as the capital of the anti-Bolshevik Russian State and held the imperial gold reserves.

Omsk serves as the episcopal see of the bishop of Omsk and Tara, as well as the administrative seat of the Imam of Siberia. The mayor is Oksana Fadina.

Omsk

Омск
Omsk Collage 2016
Flag of Omsk

Flag
Coat of arms of Omsk

Coat of arms
Location of Omsk
Omsk is located in Russia
Omsk
Omsk
Location of Omsk
Omsk is located in Omsk Oblast
Omsk
Omsk
Omsk (Omsk Oblast)
Coordinates: 54°59′N 73°22′E / 54.983°N 73.367°ECoordinates: 54°59′N 73°22′E / 54.983°N 73.367°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectOmsk Oblast[1]
FoundedAugust 2, 1716[2]
City status since1782[3]
Government
 • BodyCity Council[4]
 • Mayor[5]Oksana Fadina[5]
Area
 • Total572.9 km2 (221.2 sq mi)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
 • Total1,154,116
 • Estimate 
(2018)[7]
1,172,070 (+1.6%)
 • Rank7th in 2010
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Omsk[1]
 • Capital ofOmsk Oblast[1], city of oblast significance of Omsk[1]
 • Urban okrugOmsk Urban Okrug[8]
 • Capital ofOmsk Urban Okrug[8]
Postal code(s)[10]
644xxx
Dialing code(s)+7 3812[11]
City DayFirst Saturday of August[12]
OKTMO ID52701000001
Websitewww.admomsk.ru

History

The wooden fort of Omsk was built in 1716 by a cossack unit led by Ivan Buchholz to protect the expanding Russian frontier along the Ishim and the Irtysh rivers against the Kyrgyz and Dzungar nomads of the Steppes.[14] In 1768 Om fortress was relocated. The original Tobolsk and the restored Tara gates, along with the original German Lutheran Church and several public buildings are left from that time. Omsk was granted town status in 1782.[15]

In 1822 Omsk became an administrative capital of Western Siberia and later in 1882 the center of the vast Steppes region (today the northern part of Kazakhstan) and Akmolinsk Oblast, in particular acquiring several churches and cathedrals of various denominations, mosques, a synagogue, the governor-general's mansion, and a military academy.[16] But as the frontier receded and its military importance diminished, the town fell into lethargy. For that time Omsk became a major center of the Siberian exile. From 1850 to 1854 Fyodor Dostoyevsky served his sentence in an Omsk katorga prison.

Development of the city was catalyzed with the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway in the 1890s that affected significance of Omsk as a logistic hub. Many trade companies established stores and offices in Omsk defining the character of the city center. British, Dutch, and German consulates were established roughly at the same time in order to represent their commercial interests. The pinnacle of development for pre-revolutionary Omsk was the Siberian Exposition of Agriculture and Industry in 1910. Popularity of the World Fairs contributed to the image of Omsk as the "Chicago of Siberia".[17]

Soon after the October Revolution, anti-Bolshevik White forces seized control of Omsk. The "Provisional All-Russian Government" was established here in 1918, headed by the Arctic explorer and decorated war hero Admiral Kolchak. Omsk was proclaimed the capital of Russia, and its central bank was tasked with safekeeping the former empire's gold reserves. These were guarded by a garrison of former Czechoslovakian POWs trapped in Siberia by the chaos of World War I and the subsequent Revolution. Omsk became a prime target for the Red Army leadership, which viewed it as a major target of their Siberian campaign and eventually forced Kolchak and his government to abandon the city and retreat along the Trans-Siberian eastward to Irkutsk. Bolshevik forces entered the city in 1919.

Soviet period

Omsk Pushkin Library
Pushkin State Library

The Soviet government preferred the young Novonikolayevsk (later known as Novosibirsk) as the administrative center of Western Siberia, prompting the mass transfer of administrative, cultural, and educational functions from Omsk. This somewhat stunted Omsk's growth and sparked a continuing rivalry between the two cities.[18] Omsk received new life as a result of World War II. Because it was both far from the fighting and had a well-developed infrastructure, Omsk provided a perfect haven for much of the industry evacuated away from the frontlines in 1941. Additionally, contingency plans were made to transfer the provisional Soviet capital to Omsk in the event of a German victory during the Battle of Moscow (October 1941 to January 1942).[19] At the end of the war, Omsk remained a major industrial center, subsequently becoming a leader in Soviet military production.

Lenmostzakat
Leningrad bridge over the Irtysh

Military industries which moved to Omsk included part of the OKMO tank-design bureau in 1941, and S.M. Kirov Factory no. 185 from Chelyabinsk, in 1962. The Kirov Factory and Omsk Transmash design bureau (KBTM) produced T-80 tanks from the 1970s, and were responsible for the BTR-T, TOS-1, and the prototype Black Eagle tank. Omsk Transmash declared bankruptcy in 2002.

In the 1950s, following the development of the oil and natural-gas field in Siberia, an oil-refining complex was built, along with an entire "town of oil workers", expanding Omsk northward along the Irtysh. It is currently the largest such complex in Russia. Gazprom Neft, the parent company, is the largest employer in the city, wielding its tax rates as leverage in negotiations with municipal and regional authorities.

Post-Soviet period

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Omsk experienced a period of economic instability and political stagnation. Most of the city's large businesses, which had previously been state owned, were fought over by members of the former party elite, the emerging nouveau riche, and fast growing criminal syndicates. The most notorious cases involved the privatization of Sibneft, a major oil company, which dragged on for several years. Until the end of the 1990s, political life in Omsk was defined by an ongoing feud between the oblast and city authorities. The resulting conflict made at least two points of view available to the public and served as the impetus for some improvements to the city's infrastructure and cultural life. These included the construction of new leisure parks and the renovation of the city's historic center, the establishment of the annual Siberian International Marathon, and of the annual City Days Festival. Despite this, internal political competition drained the Omsk's resources and served as a major obstacle for smooth government operations and city development.

Geography

Location

Omsk is situated on the south of the West Siberian Plain along the banks of the north-flowing Irtysh at its confluence with the Om River. The city has an elevation of 87 meters (285 ft) above mean sea level at its highest point.

Omsk is an important railroad hub, and is the junction point for the northern and southern branches of the Trans-Siberian Railway. The city also serves as a major hub for the regional highway network. River-port facilities handle both passengers and freight, giving the city access to navigating the extensive waterways of the Irtysh and Ob River. The waterways connect Omsk with the coal and mineral-mining towns further up the river in Kazakhstan, as well as with the oil, natural gas and lumber operations of northern Siberia. Omsk is served by the Tsentralny Airport, which offers access to domestic and international (primarily, German and Kazakh) destinations, making the city an important aviation hub for Siberia and the Russian Far East.

Climate

Omsk has a humid continental climate characterized by dramatic swings of weather. Average daily temperatures, taken over the past three decades, are +20 °C (68 °F) for July and −17 °C (1 °F) for January, although temperatures can reach +40 °C (104 °F) in the summer and drop to −45 °C (−49 °F) in the winter. On average, Omsk sees over 300 sunny days a year (2201 hours). The average annual precipitation is 415 millimeters (16.3 in).

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Omsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Omsk is incorporated as Omsk Urban Okrug.[8]

Demographics

The population in Omsk had been steadily rising, according to the records: from 31,000 in 1881 to 53,050 in 1900 and to 1,148,418 in 1989.[22] The 2002 Census recorded that the population had declined to 1,134,016,[23] but it rebounded marginally, according to the 2010 Census, which listed the population of 1,154,116.[6]

Architecture

The architectural centerpiece of the city is an ensemble of buildings along Lyubinsky Avenue/Lenina Street, anchored by the former Gostiny Dvor, and flanked by two chapels. The area is an eclectic mix of architectural styles, dominated by Art-Nouveau, Neoclassical and Second Empire.

Closer to the confluence of the Om and the Irtysh are the few surviving sombre buildings of the 18th-century fortress. The largest and most opulent church in the city is the Dormition Cathedral, a five-domed edifice in the Russian Revival style, consecrated in 1896, demolished by the Soviets, and restored in the first decade of the 21st century.

Another area of interest is Nikolsky Avenue-Krasnykh Zor Street, where a line of merchants' wooden houses still stands. The street leads to the Neoclassical cathedral of St. Nicholas, which was commissioned by the Cossacks, designed by Vasily Stasov and consecrated in 1840. It contains various relics of the Siberian Cossacks.[24]

Omsk Tarskaya street

Tarskaya Street

Омск. Фонтан на театральной площади и городской совет

The fountain on Teatralnaya Ploshad'

Life and culture

As a prominent educational center, Omsk has a number of museums, theaters, music venues, and educational institutions.

Omsk Vrubel Museum
Omsk Vrubel Museum

Among Omsk's museums, the most notable are:

  • The State Museum of Regional History
  • The Dostoyevsky Museum of Literature[25]
  • The Vrubel Museum of Fine Arts[26]
  • The Military Museum Complex
  • The Kondraty Belov Art Museum
  • The Liberov Center for Art

Theaters include the Omsk Opera, The Omsk Theater of Drama, The Omsk Circus, Omsk State Music Theater, and a number of smaller venues.

Education

Omsk State Transport University
Omsk State Transport University

Omsk is home to many institutions of higher learning and several universities:

Sports

Арена Омск
Arena Omsk

Omsk is represented nationally by professional association football and hockey clubs.

Club Sport Founded Current league League
rank
Stadium
Avangard Omsk Ice Hockey 1950 Kontinental Hockey League 1st Omsk Arena
Omskie Yastreby Ice Hockey 2009 Minor Hockey League Jr. 1st Omsk Arena
Yastreby Omsk Ice Hockey 2012 Minor Hockey League Division B Jr. 2nd Omsk Arena
Omichka Omsk Volleyball 1965 Woman's Volleyball Super League 1st Blinov SCC
Omichka-2 Volleyball 2009 Woman's Supreme League 2nd SC Ermak
Irtysh Omsk Football 1946 Russian Second Division 2nd Red Star Stadium
Neftyanik Omsk Basketball 1965 Basketball Superleague B 3rd Sports Complex Sibirskiy Neftyanik

Transportation

Omsk railway
The picture of the Omsk railway station

Omsk is a major rail, road, and air hub. The city is served by a station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, and by the Tsentralny Airport. Additionally, Omsk possesses a river port on the Irtysh, offering service to domestic destinations and to cities within Kazakhstan.

Municipal Transport consists of a large bus and trolley, and tram networks, although the latter of these has deteriorated severely since the collapse of the USSR. marshrutkas (shared taxis) supplement municipal transit networks.

A Metro system, proposed in the late 1980s, but postponed for lack of funds, is currently under construction, with the Metro bridge over the Irtysh River. The bridge is already opened for cars (upper level), but the metro (lower level) is still under construction. As a first step, one short line will connect the districts in the northwest with the city center. As of 2017, only one station is open and serves as a pedestrian subway.

Honors

Notable people

Athletes

Twin towns and sister cities

Omsk is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Law #467-OZ
  2. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Omsk - Buildings - EMPORIS". www.emporis.com.
  3. ^ a b "География Омска: географическое расположение города, районы, улицы в Омске". omsk.infomsk.ru.
  4. ^ "Избирательное право. Официальный портал Администрации города Омска". www.admomsk.ru.
  5. ^ a b "Mayor of Omsk: Curriculum Vitae". www.admomsk.ru.
  6. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  7. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Law #548-OZ
  9. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  10. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  11. ^ "International Dialing Codes - how to call from Azerbaijan – Baku to Russia – Omsk – Omsk". www.timeanddate.com.
  12. ^ "День города Омска. Официальный портал Администрации города Омска". www.admomsk.ru.
  13. ^ "Distance between Moscow russia and Omsk russia". www.mapcrow.info.
  14. ^ Omsk history timeline (in Russian)
  15. ^ "History of the City of Omsk". www.admomsk.ru.
  16. ^ Siberia and the Exile System ISBN 978-1-108-04823-1 p. 480
  17. ^ "thinkrussia.com".
  18. ^ "History of Omsk". kachaloff.narod.ru.
  19. ^ Lecture 3:3: “World War II” – The Battle of Moscow, edb.gov.hk
  20. ^ "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Omsk" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  21. ^ "Omsk Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  22. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  23. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  24. ^ Brumfield, William (September 27, 2011). "Omsk: Garrison city on the Irtysh".
  25. ^ "litmuseum — Журнал о французской литературе и жизни во Франции". litmuseum.ru.
  26. ^ "Музей имени М. А. Врубеля". www.vrubel.ru.
  27. ^ "3406 Omsk 1969 - Поиск в Google". books.google.com.

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Омской области. Закон №467-ОЗ от 15 октября 2003 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Омской области и о порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №1591-ОЗ от 10 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Омской области в связи с принятием Федерального Закона "Об образовании в Российской Федерации"». Вступил в силу через три месяца со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Омский вестник", №69, 31 октября 2003 г. (Legislative Assembly of Omsk Oblast. Law #467-OZ of October 15, 2003 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Omsk Oblast and on the Procedures of Its Change, as amended by the Law #1591-OZ of December 10, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Omsk Oblast Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Education in the Russian Federation". Effective as of the day three months after the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Омской области. Закон №548-ОЗ от 30 июля 2004 г. «О границах и статусе муниципальных образований Омской области», в ред. Закона №1642-ОЗ от 27 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Омской области "О границах и статусе муниципальных образований Омской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Омский вестник", №45, №47, №49, 13, 20, 27 августа 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Omsk Oblast. Law #548-OZ of July 30, 2004 On the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations of Omsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1642-OZ of June 27, 2014 On Amending the Law of Omsk Oblast "On the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations of Omsk Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Lugovskaya, Kseniya (September 6, 2014). "Warrior's 3,900 year old suit of bone armour unearthed in Omsk". The Siberian Times. Retrieved June 18, 2017.

External links

Media related to Omsk at Wikimedia Commons

Administrative divisions of Omsk Oblast

Cities and towns under the oblast's jurisdiction:

Omsk (Омск) (administrative center)

city administrative okrugs:

Kirovsky (Кировский)

Leninsky (Ленинский)

Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский)

Sovetsky (Советский)

Tsentralny (Центральный)

Isilkul (Исилькуль)

Kalachinsk (Калачинск)

Nazyvayevsk (Называевск)

Tara (Тара)

Tyukalinsk (Тюкалинск)

Districts:

Azovsky Nemetsky (German) National (Азовский Немецкий национальный)

with 8 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Bolsherechensky (Большереченский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Bolsherechye (Большеречье)

with 12 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Bolsheukovsky (Большеуковский)

with 9 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Cherlaksky (Черлакский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Cherlak (Черлак)

with 10 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Gorkovsky (Горьковский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Gorkovskoye (Горьковское)

with 11 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Isilkulsky (Исилькульский)

with 10 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Kalachinsky (Калачинский)

with 12 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Kolosovsky (Колосовский)

with 11 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Kormilovsky (Кормиловский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Kormilovka (Кормиловка)

with 10 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Krutinsky (Крутинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Krutinka (Крутинка)

with 9 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Lyubinsky (Любинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Krasny Yar (Красный Яр)

Lyubinsky (Любинский)

with 17 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Maryanovsky (Марьяновский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Maryanovka (Марьяновка)

with 9 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Moskalensky (Москаленский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Moskalenki (Москаленки)

with 12 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Muromtsevsky (Муромцевский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Muromtsevo (Муромцево)

with 14 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Nazyvayevsky (Называевский)

with 15 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Nizhneomsky (Нижнеомский)

with 11 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Novovarshavsky (Нововаршавский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Bolshegrivskoye (Большегривское)

Novovarshavka (Нововаршавка)

with 9 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Odessky (Одесский)

with 9 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Okoneshnikovsky (Оконешниковский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Okoneshnikovo (Оконешниково)

with 8 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Omsky (Омский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Chernoluchinsky suburban (dacha) settlement (Чернолучинский)

with 23 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Pavlogradsky (Павлоградский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Pavlogradka (Павлоградка)

with 9 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Poltavsky (Полтавский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Poltavka (Полтавка)

with 8 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Russko-Polyansky (Русско-Полянский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Russkaya Polyana (Русская Поляна)

with 10 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Sargatsky (Саргатский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Sargatskoye (Саргатское)

with 8 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Sedelnikovsky (Седельниковский)

with 11 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Sherbakulsky (Шербакулинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Sherbakul (Шербакуль)

with 9 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Tarsky (Тарский)

with 21 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Tavrichesky (Таврический)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Tavricheskoye (Таврическое)

with 10 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Tevrizsky (Тевризский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Tevriz (Тевриз)

with 13 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Tyukalinsky (Тюкалинский)

with 16 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Ust-Ishimsky (Усть-Ишимский)

with 13 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Znamensky (Знаменский)

with 8 rural okrugs under the district's jurisdiction.

Avangard Omsk

Hockey Club Avangard (Russian: ХК Авангард, Vanguard), also known as Avangard Omsk, are a Russian professional ice hockey team from Omsk. They are members of the Chernyshev Division in the Eastern Conference of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL).

Baraba Tatars

The Baraba Tatars (Siberian Tatar: параба, бараба, барама) are a sub-group of Siberian Tatars and the indigenous people of the Ob-Irtysh interfluve. After a strenuous resistance to Russian conquest and much suffering at a later period from Kyrgyz and Kalmyk raids, they now live by agriculture — either in separate villages or along with Russians. Some of them still speak Baraba dialect of Siberian Tatar language. They traditionally live on the Baraba steppe.

The Dzungar Khanate extracted yasaq (tribute) from their Baraba Muslim underlings. Converting to Orthodox Christianity and becoming Russian subjects was a tactic by the Baraba to find an excuse not to pay yasaq to the Dzungars. Since Muslim Siberian Bukharans had legal advantages and privileges under Russia, Barabas pretended to be them.

Denis Pimankov

Denis Sergeyevich Pimankov (Russian: Денис Серге́евич Пиманков; born February 4, 1975 in Omsk) is a freestyle swimmer from Russia, who won several medals as a member of the freestyle relay team (4×100 m and 4×200 m) during the late 1990s and early 2000s. He competed in three consecutive Summer Olympics for his native country, starting in 1996.

European route E30

European route E 30 is an A-Class West-East European route—from the Republic of Ireland port of Cork in the west to the Russian city of Omsk—near the Kazakh border in the east. For much of its Russian stretch, it follows the Trans-Siberian Highway and, east of the Ural Mountains, with AH6 of the Asian Highway Network, which continues to Busan, South Korea. The total length is 6,530 km (4,060 mi)—3,300 km (2,100 mi) from Cork to Moscow, and 3,230 km (2,010 mi) from Moscow to Omsk. The naming is by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

FC Irtysh Omsk

FC Irtysh Omsk (Russian: Иртыш Омск) is a Russian football club based in Omsk, Russia and playing in the third tier Russian Professional Football League. Their best result in the 1992 season was 2nd in the Eastern Group of the Russian First Division. It was relegated to the 3rd tier in 1995. It was promoted to 2nd tier in 1996, then relegated to 3rd in 1998. As East Zone champions, Irtysh Omsk was promoted to 2nd tier in 2009. Irtysh Omsk finished 19 out of 20 and relegated to 3rd tier.

The club was founded in 1946 and has been known as:

Krylia Sovetov (Крылья Советов) in 1946–1947

Team of the Factory Baranov (Команда Завода имени Баранова) in 1948

Bolshevik (Большевик) in 1949

Krasnaja Zvezda (Красная Звезда)(Red Star) in 1957

Irtysh (Иртыш) in 1958

Irtysh-1946 (Иртыш-1946) from 2006 to 2009

Flag of Omsk Oblast

The flag of Omsk Oblast is the official symbol of Omsk Oblast in Russia.

Fyodorovka Airport

Fyodorovka Airport (Russian: аэропорт Омск-Фёдоровка) is an abandoned airport, located in the North-Western part of Omsk, Russia. The airport was initially planned to be opened in 2016, as one of the gifts to Omsk's jubilee of 300 years.

Irtysh River

The Irtysh River (Mongolian: Эрчис мөрөн, Erchis mörön, "erchleh", "twirl"; Russian: Иртыш; Kazakh: Ертіс, Ertis, ه‌رتىس; Chinese: 额尔齐斯河, pinyin: É'ěrqísī hé, Xiao'erjing: عَعَرٿِسِ حْ; Uyghur: إيرتيش, Әртиш, Ertish; Tatar: Cyrillic Иртеш, Latin İrteş, Arabic ﻴﺋرتئش, Siberian Tatar: Эйәртеш, Eya’rtes’) is a river in Russia, China, and Kazakhstan. It is the chief tributary of the Ob River.

The river's source lies in the Mongolian Altai in Dzungaria (the northern part of Xinjiang, China) close to the border with Mongolia.

The Irtysh's main tributaries include the Tobol River, Demyanka River and the Ishim River. The Ob-Irtysh system forms a major drainage basin in Asia, encompassing most of Western Siberia and the Altai Mountains.

Jaromír Jágr

Jaromír Jágr (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjaromiːr ˈjaːɡr̩] (listen); born 15 February 1972) is a Czech professional ice hockey right winger who is currently playing for HC Kladno in the 1st Czech Republic Hockey League. He has played in the NHL with the Pittsburgh Penguins, Washington Capitals, New York Rangers, Philadelphia Flyers, Dallas Stars, Boston Bruins, New Jersey Devils, Florida Panthers, and the Calgary Flames, serving as captain of the Penguins and the Rangers. After leaving the Rangers in 2008, he played three seasons in the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) with Avangard Omsk. However, he returned to the NHL in 2011 with the Flyers, and remained in the league for seven more years before being assigned by the Flames in 2018 to HC Kladno, which he owns.

Jágr has the second-most points in NHL history. He is the most productive European player who has ever played in the NHL and is considered one of the greatest professional hockey players of all time. In 1990, at age 18, he was the youngest player in the NHL. Until his transfer, at age 45, he was the oldest player in the NHL, and is the oldest player to record a hat trick. In 2017 Jágr was named one of the 100 Greatest NHL Players in history.Jágr was the fifth overall selection in the 1990 NHL Entry Draft. He won consecutive Stanley Cups in the 1991 and 1992 seasons with the Penguins. Individually, he has won the Art Ross Trophy as the NHL scoring champion five times (four times in a row), the Lester B. Pearson Award for the NHL's outstanding player as voted by the NHL Players' Association (NHLPA) three times and the Hart Memorial Trophy as the League's most valuable player once, while finishing second four times.

Jágr is one of only three players from 1981 to 2001 to win the Art Ross Trophy as the leading point-scorer during the regular season; the others are Wayne Gretzky and Mario Lemieux. Jágr has won the award more times than any other non-Canadian player. Jágr is also one of only 28 hockey players in the Triple Gold Club, individuals who have played for teams that have won the Stanley Cup (1991, 1992), the Ice Hockey World Championships (2005, 2010) and the Olympic gold medal in ice hockey (1998). Jágr is one of only two Czech players (the other being Jiří Šlégr) in the Club, achieving this feat in 2005. Jágr was the Czech Republic's flag bearer at the 2010 Winter Olympics. He is a member of Czech Ice Hockey Hall of Fame.

Krasnoyarsk Time

Krasnoyarsk Time (KRAT) is the time zone seven hours ahead of UTC (UTC+07:00) and 4 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+4). KRAT is the official time zone for central and east Siberian regions of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia and Tuva.

Novosibirsk Oblast used this time zone until 1993 when it was known as Novosibirsk Time (NOVT/NOVST). It was renamed after that.

Between 27 March 2011 and 25 October 2014, Krasnoyarsk Time was fixed at UTC+08:00.In 2016, the Altai Republic, Altai Krai, Novosibirsk Oblast, and Tomsk Oblast, switched to Krasnoyarsk Time from Omsk Time.

ORP Gryf (1957)

ORP Gryf was a school and hospital ship of the Polish Navy, a second vessel to bear that name. She was built in German-occupied Denmark as a cargo ship in 1944, shortly before the end of World War II and initially named Irene Oldendorff. Soon after the capitulation of Germany, she was taken by the United Kingdom, passed to the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) and renamed Empire Contees, but in 1946 it was given to the Soviet Union as part of that country's war reparations from Germany. Renamed Omsk (Омск), she served in the Soviet merchant fleet until 1947 when she was sold to Poland.

In 1950, she was acquired by the Polish Navy and rebuilt as a school and hospital ship. Initially named ORP Zetempowiec (after the Union of Polish Youth), in 1957 she was renamed Gryf after the notable WWII minelayer. In 1976 she was decommissioned and sold to the Port of Gdynia, where she served as a heating barge. Her role of a school ship was taken by a new ORP Gryf.

Omsk Oblast

Omsk Oblast (Russian: О́мская о́бласть, Omskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in southwestern Siberia. The oblast has an area of 139,700 square kilometers (53,900 sq mi). Its population is 1,977,665 (2010 Census) with the majority, 1.15 million, living in Omsk, the administrative center.

The oblast borders with Tyumen Oblast in the north and west, Novosibirsk and Tomsk Oblasts in the east, and with Kazakhstan in the south.

Omsk Time

Omsk Time (OMST) is a time zone in Russia that is six hours ahead of UTC (UTC+06:00), and 3 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK).

Omsk Tsentralny Airport

Tsentraly may refer, less commonly, to airports in Riga, Moscow, Saratov, or Orenburg.Tsentralny Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Центральный (IATA: OMS, ICAO: UNOO) is an airport in Omsk Oblast, Russia, located 5 km southwest of Omsk. It is capable of handling wide-bodied aircraft and 975,000 passengers passed through the airport in 2013.

Omsk hemorrhagic fever

Omsk hemorrhagic fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever caused by a Flavivirus.It is found in Siberia. It is named for an outbreak in Omsk.

Omskavia

Omskavia (Russian:ОмскА́виа) was an airline based in Omsk, Russia. It operated domestic and international scheduled and charter, passenger, cargo and mail services, as well as aircraft maintenance. Its main bases were Tsentralny Airport, Omsk, and Domodedovo International Airport, Moscow.The airline joined the AirBridge alliance in 2004, which was restructured as AiRUnion in the summer of 2005.

As of 17 October 2008 the Russian Aviation Authority suspended its flights.

West Siberian Plain

The West Siberian Plain, also known as Zapadno-sibirskaya Ravnina, (Russian: За́падно-Сиби́рская равни́на) is a large plain that occupies the western portion of Siberia, between the Ural Mountains in the west and the Yenisei River in the east, and by the Altay Mountains on the southeast. Much of the plain is poorly drained and consists of some of the world's largest swamps and floodplains. Important cities include Omsk, Novosibirsk, Tomsk and Chelyabinsk.

Znamensky District, Omsk Oblast

Znamensky District (Russian: Зна́менский райо́н) is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the thirty-two in Omsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,700 square kilometers (1,400 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Znamenskoye. Population: 12,427 (2010 Census); 13,876 (2002 Census); 15,046 (1989 Census). The population of Znamenskoye accounts for 42.6% of the district's total population.

Climate data for Omsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
3.6
(38.5)
14.1
(57.4)
31.3
(88.3)
35.5
(95.9)
40.1
(104.2)
40.4
(104.7)
38.0
(100.4)
32.9
(91.2)
27.4
(81.3)
16.1
(61.0)
4.5
(40.1)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) −12
(10)
−10.3
(13.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
9.1
(48.4)
19.0
(66.2)
23.9
(75.0)
25.3
(77.5)
22.7
(72.9)
15.9
(60.6)
8.1
(46.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
−9.8
(14.4)
7.1
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−15.0
(5.0)
−7.3
(18.9)
3.7
(38.7)
12.5
(54.5)
18.0
(64.4)
19.6
(67.3)
16.9
(62.4)
10.4
(50.7)
3.5
(38.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
−13.8
(7.2)
2.1
(35.8)
Average low °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−12
(10)
−1.0
(30.2)
6.3
(43.3)
12.0
(53.6)
14.2
(57.6)
11.6
(52.9)
5.7
(42.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
Record low °C (°F) −45.1
(−49.2)
−45.5
(−49.9)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−12.9
(8.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.6
(18.3)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−41.2
(−42.2)
−44.7
(−48.5)
−45.5
(−49.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
18
(0.7)
17
(0.7)
21
(0.8)
35
(1.4)
51
(2.0)
66
(2.6)
54
(2.1)
37
(1.5)
30
(1.2)
34
(1.3)
29
(1.1)
415
(16.3)
Average rainy days 1 0.4 3 10 17 17 18 19 18 13 5 1 122
Average snowy days 28 25 18 9 2 0.2 0 0 1 11 22 28 144
Average relative humidity (%) 80 78 76 64 54 60 68 70 70 74 81 81 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68 125 184 235 284 319 321 248 180 105 71 61 2,201
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[20]
Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[21]
Districts
Cities and towns
Urban-type settlements
Historical capitals of Rus' and Russian states and their predecessors

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