Omar Vizquel

Omar Enrique Vizquel González (Spanish pronunciation: [oˈmaɾ βisˈkel]; born April 24, 1967), nicknamed "Little O", is a Venezuelan former professional baseball shortstop. During his 24-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career, Vizquel played for the Seattle Mariners, Cleveland Indians, San Francisco Giants, Texas Rangers, Chicago White Sox, and Toronto Blue Jays. In Venezuela he played for Leones del Caracas. From 2014 to 2017, he was the Detroit Tigers' first-base, infield and baserunning coach.

Widely considered one of baseball's all-time best fielding shortstops, Vizquel won eleven Gold Glove Awards, including nine consecutive from 1993–2001. Among shortstops, his .985 fielding percentage is tied for highest all-time, he is the all-time leader in games played, and the all-time leader in double plays turned. Vizquel tied Cal Ripken, Jr.'s American League record for most consecutive games at shortstop without an error (95, between September 26, 1999 and July 21, 2000), since surpassed.[1] Vizquel is the all-time hits leader among players from Venezuela (2,877; 43rd all-time), and the shortstop with the third-most hits all time, behind Derek Jeter and Honus Wagner. Vizquel is the sacrifice hit leader of the live-ball era.

At the time of his retirement, Vizquel was the oldest player in the Major Leagues, and the only active player with service time in the 1980s. He is one of only 29 players in baseball history to play in Major League games in four decades, and the only one who played shortstop. On May 7, 2012, Vizquel became the oldest player to play at shortstop in the Major League history, surpassing Bobby Wallace, who played 12 games with the St. Louis Cardinals at the age of 44 in 1918.[2]

Omar Vizquel
Omar Vizquel on April 26, 2012
Vizquel with the Toronto Blue Jays in 2012
Born: April 24, 1967 (age 51)
Caracas, Venezuela
Batted: Switch Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 3, 1989, for the Seattle Mariners
Last MLB appearance
October 3, 2012, for the Toronto Blue Jays
MLB statistics
Batting average.272
Home runs80
Runs batted in951
Career highlights and awards

Professional career

Seattle Mariners

Vizquel started his career with the Leones del Caracas of the Venezuelan Winter League together with Tony Armas, Bo Díaz and Andrés Galarraga. He learned to switch hit from Bill Plummer who managed Vizquel with the Leones del Caracas, in 1986-87 and 1988-89, and coached and managed the Mariners. Originally signed by the Mariners as a non-drafted free agent in 1984, Vizquel made his Major League debut on April 3, 1989. Batting ninth in the lineup, he went 0-for-3 while making five assists, a double play and an error in a 3-2 loss to the Oakland Athletics. [3] Three nights later, he collected his first career hit in the third inning against Storm Davis with a single, later scoring on a Darnell Coles double, although the Mariners lost 11-3 to the Athletics. [4]

Cleveland Indians

At the end of the 1993 season, Vizquel was traded by the Mariners to the Indians for Félix Fermín, Reggie Jefferson, and cash. The specialized sports press, such as Sports Illustrated, The Sporting News and Baseball Digest, and sports observers, including writers Dom Forker, Cliff Eastham, Wayne Stewart, Michael Pellowski and others, have recognized Vizquel and second baseman Roberto Alomar as one of the top all-time defensive duos in the history of baseball.

During Vizquel's career in Cleveland, the Indians made it to the World Series twice, losing to the Atlanta Braves in 1995 and to the Florida Marlins in 1997. Vizquel is a lifetime .250 hitter in 57 postseason games.

Vizquel won nine consecutive Gold Gloves with the Mariners and Indians, starting with his first in 1993 with Seattle and continuing until 2001. Alex Rodriguez broke Vizquel's streak and won the award in 2002. Vizquel won two additional Gold Gloves in 2005 and 2006 with the San Francisco Giants.

In 1999, Vizquel hit over .300 and scored 100 runs for the first time in his career, finishing the season with a .333 batting average and 112 runs scored for an Indians team that scored a league-leading 1,009 runs. Vizquel hit second in the line-up between lead-off man Kenny Lofton and third-place hitter Alomar in the most productive offensive line-up in Cleveland baseball history. This line-up also included power hitters Jim Thome and Manny Ramirez.

On August 5, 2001, Vizquel hit a three-run triple in the ninth inning against the Seattle Mariners to tie the game 14–14, capping a comeback from a 14–2 deficit. The Indians went on to win 15–14 in eleven innings, tying the record for the largest comeback win in history. Vizquel reached career highs in 2002 hitting 14 homers and 72 RBI, but his success was interrupted by the need for surgery on his right knee. He tied the 2002 All-Star Game 7–7 with an RBI triple in the eighth inning. As a result of his knee injury in 2002 and a follow-up operation, he appeared in only 64 games in 2003. In a game on May 27, 2003, Vizquel had a straight steal of home against the Detroit Tigers. He caught Tigers pitcher Steve Avery by surprise and made it home without a throw. Vizquel returned in 2004 to hit .291 in 148 games. At the end of the season, Vizquel was signed by the Giants as a free agent.

Omar Vizquel at Wrigley Field
Vizquel with the San Francisco Giants in 2008.

San Francisco Giants

On June 23, 2007 the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame inducted Vizquel, along with former Giants outfielder Matty Alou, into its Hall of Fame during an on-field, pre-game ceremony. For the 13th and final time, Vizquel finished in the top ten in sacrifice hits, having 14 to finish 2nd along with John Maine behind Juan Pierre.

Vizquel underwent arthroscopic knee surgery on February 27, 2008. He started the 2008 season on the disabled list and played in his first game on May 10. Vizquel stole home for the second time in his career against Oakland Athletics pitcher Greg Smith on June 13.

Vizquel won the Hutch Award and the Willie Mac Award, and was a finalist for the Heart & Hustle Award. Only two other players, Dave Dravecky and Craig Biggio, have won more than one of these awards, although Willie McCovey himself won the Hutch Award before having the Willie Mac Award named for him.

Vizquel was Greg Maddux's 3000th strikeout victim on July 26, 2005.[5]

Texas Rangers

On January 21, 2009, Vizquel signed a minor league contract with the Texas Rangers[6] and made the team's major league roster. He served mainly as a backup middle infielder. In 62 games with the Rangers, he had 47 hits, 17 runs, 14 RBIs with a .266 batting average and a .660 OPS to go with 27 strikeouts and 13 walks. In each of the three positions (shortstop, third base, second base) he played with the team, he made no errors. He played 27 games at shortstop for 196.2 innings, making 32 putouts and 76 assists with 22 double plays turned; he appeared in 20 games at third base for 101 innings, having five putouts and 22 assists, while making 23 putouts and 49 assists at second base.

Chicago White Sox

On November 23, 2009, Vizquel agreed to a one-year contract with the Chicago White Sox worth $1.4 million.[7] After making the deal official, former shortstop and White Sox legend Luis Aparicio asked that his number 11 be temporarily "unretired" for Vizquel during the 2010 season,[8] mostly due to the fact that White Sox manager Ozzie Guillén — like Vizquel and Aparicio, a Venezuelan shortstop — had rights to #13, the number Vizquel has worn through his career.

On May 25, 2010, Vizquel became the shortstop with the second most hits all time, behind Derek Jeter. On June 25, he hit his first home run of 2010, putting him on the short list of players who have hit home runs in four different decades (with Ted Williams, Willie McCovey, and Rickey Henderson). On November 2, 2010, Vizquel signed a one-year deal to remain in Chicago.[9] On April 3, 2011, Vizquel got a single for his 2,800th career hit. Despite being well into his forties, Vizquel was still regarded as one of the better defensive shortstops in the game and seen by his former White Sox teammates as one of the most physically fit.[10]

Toronto Blue Jays

Vizquel signed a 1-year minor league contract with the Toronto Blue Jays for the 2012 season. He made the team out of spring training, and made his first appearance on Opening Day, against his former club, the Cleveland Indians. His first start came on April 22, against the Kansas City Royals. Vizquel was ejected from a game against the Texas Rangers on May 1, arguing with the home plate umpire from the bench. Vizquel jokingly danced to mock the umpire before exiting the dugout.[11] Vizquel hinted at retirement upon the conclusion of the 2012 season. Despite being 45 years of age and appearing in only five games at that point in the season with the Blue Jays, he stated "I feel excited about coming to the ballpark. Maybe not every day, because there are going to be some days you're going to be sore. But I still feel I want to be here. I want to compete."[12]

In a game against the Detroit Tigers on July 27, Vizquel hit his first two extra-base hits of the season, a double and triple. Vizquel became the third oldest player to hit a triple (behind Julio Franco and Nick Altrock) and became the oldest player in major league history to hit a double and a triple in the same game.[13]

In the first game of a day-night doubleheader against the New York Yankees on September 19, Vizquel recorded his 2,874th career hit, passing Babe Ruth for 41st all-time.[14]

In the final game of the 2012 season, Brett Lawrie wore a #17 jersey as opposed to his usual #13. This allowed Vizquel to wear #13 (the number he wore through most of his career) when he played his final game on October 3, 2012. Vizquel went 1 for 3, hitting a single in his last at bat, the 2,877th hit of his career moving him ahead of Mel Ott for 40th position on the all-time hits list. Vizquel retired after the season and was the last position player born in the 1960s, as well as the last to play in the 1980s, to retire.


Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim

On January 30, 2013, Vizquel was hired by the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim to become a co-infield coach with Bobby Knoop, to replace Dick Schofield, whose contract was not renewed for 2013.[15]

Detroit Tigers

Omar Vizquel coaching first base in 2017 (cropped)
Vizquel as first-base coach of the Detroit Tigers in 2017

On November 18, 2013, the Detroit Tigers named Vizquel as their new first-base coach, replacing Rafael Belliard. Under manager Brad Ausmus, Vizquel also served as the Tigers infield and baserunning instructor.[16] Following the dismissal of Ausmus after the 2017 season, Vizquel interviewed for the vacant manager's position, but was passed over in favor of Ron Gardenhire.

Chicago White Sox

In November 2017 Vizquel returned to the White Sox organization to manage their Class A-Advanced team, the Winston-Salem Dash.[17] In December 2018 Vizquel was promoted to manage the White Sox' Class AA team, the Birmingham Barons.[18]

Personal life

Vizquel during his tenure with the Indians in 1996.

Vizquel is active in community service, having served as an honorary spokesperson for "Young Audiences", an arts education organization in Cleveland, and "Schools Now", which raises funds through the sale of entertainment booklets. Following the 1999 Vargas mudslide disaster that killed 25,000 in his native Venezuela, Vizquel volunteered for the relief effort and helped raise over $500,000 for the cause.[19] Vizquel has held various charitable events in downtown Cleveland such as Tribe Jam, where he and some other teammates get together with each other or with retired singers and sing some of their favorite songs.

His 2002 autobiography, Omar!: My Life on and Off the Field, which he co-wrote with Bob Dyer,[20] spent four weeks on the New York Times Best Seller List. It was released in paperback in 2003.

Vizquel is referenced in an episode of The Simpsons entitled "Bart's Friend Falls in Love" (May 1992). In the episode, Bart takes a distracted Milhouse's Carl Yastrzemski baseball card in exchange for one of Vizquel with the head cut out.[21]

Vizquel married Nicole, a Seattle native, in 1992.[22] They later divorced, and Vizquel married Blanca Garcia in July 2014.[23]

Feud with José Mesa

A long-running and well-publicized feud erupted between Vizquel and former teammate and friend José Mesa. In 2002, following the publication of his autobiography, Omar! My Life On and Off the Field, Vizquel criticized Mesa's performance in Game 7 of the 1997 World Series:

"The eyes of the world were focused on every move we made. Unfortunately, Jose's own eyes were vacant. Completely empty. Nobody home. You could almost see right through him. Not long after I looked into his vacant eyes, he blew the save and the Marlins tied the game."

[24] Mesa reacted furiously, pledging to hit Vizquel upon every subsequent opportunity:

"Even my little boy told me to get him. If I face him 10 more times, I'll hit him 10 times. I want to kill him."

On June 12, 2002, Mesa hit Vizquel with a pitch in the ninth inning. Mesa was not ejected and finished the game.[25] They did not face each other again until 2006; by then, Vizquel was with the San Francisco Giants and Mesa was playing for the Colorado Rockies. When Vizquel came to bat against Mesa in Denver on April 22, Mesa hit him again. Meeting three more times in 2006, however, Vizquel escaped being hit by his former teammate, with two groundouts and an RBI single. Vizquel batted .333 (7-for-21) against Mesa before Mesa's retirement in 2007.[26]

Baseball records and accomplishments


  • All-time leader in double plays made while playing shortstop
  • 11-time Gold Glove recipient
  • Oldest shortstop recipient of the Gold Glove (age 38 in 2005, and again at age 39 in 2006)
  • Highest career fielding percentage by a shortstop (0.9846) with at least 1,000 games played
  • Lowest number of errors in a season by a shortstop (tie) (3 in the 2000 season)
  • 6th in assists all-time, 3rd in assists at SS all-time


  • All-time leader in hits by a player from Venezuela[27]
  • The 47th major league player to reach 2,800 career hits (April 3, 2011)
  • At retirement was the second-most hits by an active (roster) player behind Derek Jeter, was the category leader for the 2008 and a portion of the 2009 seasons, 47th all-time
  • At retirement had the most singles by an active (roster) player, 20th all-time
  • At retirement had the most at-bats by an active (roster) player, 19th all-time
  • Fifth all-time in sacrifice hits plus sacrifice flies behind Eddie Collins, Jake Daubert, Stuffy McInnis and Willie Keeler
  • All-time leader in sacrifice hits in the live-ball era, and four-time league leader (1997, 1999, 2004 & 2005)
  • Likely 5th to 7th all-time in sacrifice hits after accounting for the 1954 statistical change (40th all-time without adjustment)
  • At retirement, had the second-most sacrifice flies by an active (roster) player behind Alex Rodriguez, 50th all-time (tie)
  • At retirement had the third most stolen bases by an active (roster) player behind Juan Pierre and Carl Crawford, 68th all-time
  • American League record holder (tie) for most hits in a nine-inning game: Vizquel hit six on August 31, 2004
  • Second-most hits while playing shortstop (behind Derek Jeter)
  • Fourth-most runs while playing shortstop all-time (behind Herman Long, Derek Jeter and Bill Dahlen)
  • Seventh-most stolen bases while playing shortstop all-time (behind Bert Campaneris, Ozzie Smith, Herman Long, Luis Aparicio, Honus Wagner, and Bill Dahlen)
  • At retirement had most seasons by active player as a batting title qualifier with isolated power (extra bases per at-bat) under .100, with 12
  • 43rd all-time in career hits (2,877)


See also



  • "Vizquel an artist at work" by Jeff Passan, Yahoo! Sports, May 24, 2006.
  • "Older players make final bids for Hall of Fame" by Mel Antonen, USA TODAY, July 27, 2006.
  • "Last call for the Hall" by Gary Kaufman,, July 26, 2000.
  • "ALL SYSTEMS O!" by Bill Livingston, The Plain Dealer, September 26, 2004.
  • Omar Vizquel and Bob Dyer (2002). Omar!: My Life on and Off the Field. Gray & Company Publishers. ISBN 978-1-886228-55-9.
  • Hits/runs/games-while-playing-shortstop calculated using statistics at


  1. ^ "Cooperstown Bound? – Omar Vizquel". Washington Times. June 11, 2008. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  2. ^ "Vizquel sets mark as oldest to play shortstop". Toronto Blue Jays. MLB. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  3. ^ Seattle Mariners at Oakland Athletics Box Score, April 3, 1989 |
  4. ^ Seattle Mariners at Oakland Athletics Box Score, April 6, 1989 |
  5. ^ Retrosheet Boxscore: San Francisco Giants 3, Chicago Cubs 2
  6. ^ "Vizquel signs with Rangers". Archived from the original on February 18, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  7. ^ Retrieved November 24, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Scott Merkin (February 8, 2010). "Vizquel to wear Aparicio's No. 11". Retrieved February 8, 2010.
  9. ^ Scott Merkin (November 2, 2010). "Vizquel returning to White Sox on one-year deal". Archived from the original on January 8, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
  10. ^ "Omar Vizquel has had a magical career – ESPN". September 24, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  11. ^ "Blue Jays INF Omar Vizquel ejected for arguing balls and strikes from dugout". Washington Post. Associated Press. May 2, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  12. ^ Morosi, John Paul (May 2, 2012). "Omar Vizquel pondering retirement". Fox Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  13. ^ "Vizquel: A Double, a Triple, and a First". July 28, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  14. ^ Toman, Chris (September 19, 2012). "Hit No. 2,874 moves Vizquel past Ruth". Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  15. ^ Gonzalez, Alden (January 30, 2013). "Angels hire Vizquel as infield instructor". Retrieved January 30, 2013.
  16. ^ Omar Vizquel to be Part of Tigers' Coaching Staff, November 18, 2013
  17. ^ Omar Vizquel to manage White Sox’ Class A team Chicago Sun-Times, November 20, 2017
  18. ^ White Sox promoting Omar Vizquel to manager of Double-A affiliate NBC Sports, December 11, 2018
  19. ^ "Venezuelan Baseball Legend Omar Vizquel Set to Retire « Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in the U.S". June 28, 2012. Archived from the original on May 22, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  20. ^ "BARNES & NOBLE | Omar!: My Life On and Off the Field by Omar Vizquel, Gray & Company, Publishers | Hardcover". Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  21. ^ "Here's the drill – Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune. November 23, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  22. ^ Sherwin, Bob (February 19, 1994). "Ex-Mariner Vizquel Adjusting To New Baseball Family". Seattle Times. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  23. ^ "Omar Vizquel se casó". (in Spanish). July 24, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  24. ^ " MLB – Vizquel-Mesa feud hits a high point". July 16, 2003. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  25. ^ Stapleton, Arnie (April 24, 2006). "Rocky contest marred by plenty of ejections". Deseret News. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  26. ^ "Omar Vizquel Batting Against José Mesa – Baseball-Reference PI". Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  27. ^ "Vizquel becomes Venezuelean Hits King". Retrieved September 3, 2012.

External links

1989 Seattle Mariners season

The Seattle Mariners 1989 season was their 13th since the franchise creation, and ended the season finishing 6th in the American League West, finishing with a record of 73–89 (.451). The season, however, was enlivened by the arrival of the first overall pick of the 1987 draft, nineteen-year-old Ken Griffey, Jr.

1990 Seattle Mariners season

The 1990 Seattle Mariners season was the 14th for the Seattle Mariners in Major League Baseball. They finished fifth in the American League West in 1990 at 77–85 (.475). The Mariners hit six grand slams, the most in MLB in 1990.

1997 World Series

The 1997 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1997 season. The 93rd edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff between the American League (AL) champion Cleveland Indians and the National League (NL) champion Florida Marlins The Marlins, who were underdogs, defeated the Indians, four games to three, to win their first World Series championship. Game 7 was decided in extra innings on a walk-off single hit by Édgar Rentería. The series began on October 18 and ended on October 26 (after midnight October 27). Marlins pitcher Liván Hernández was named the World Series Most Valuable Player.

The Indians advanced to the World Series by defeating the New York Yankees in the AL Division Series, three games to two, and then the Baltimore Orioles in the AL Championship Series, four games to two; it was Cleveland's second World Series appearance in three years. The Marlins advanced to the World Series by defeating the San Francisco Giants in the NL Division Series, three games to none, and then the Atlanta Braves in the NL Championship Series, four games to two; the Marlins set an MLB record by reaching a World Series in just their fifth season of existence. This was the fourth time in World Series history a Game 7 went into extra innings, and was the most recent occasion until the 2016 World Series, in which the Indians also lost in extra innings. The Marlins' championship made them the first wild card team to ever win the World Series.

This was the only World Series that Paul Beeston would preside over as CEO of MLB. The previous four World Series had been presided over jointly by the league presidents (first Dr. Bobby Brown and then Gene Budig for the AL, Leonard Coleman for the NL).

1998 Cleveland Indians season

The 1998 Cleveland Indians season was the franchise's 98th season. The Indians hoped to improve upon their American League pennant-winning season of 1997, but succumbed to the New York Yankees in the ALCS in six games. The Indians would lead the AL Central wire-to-wire in 1998, becoming the first team in franchise history (and as of 2017, the only team in franchise history) to do so.

2005 San Francisco Giants season

The 2005 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 123rd year in Major League Baseball, their 48th year in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their sixth at SBC Park. The team finished in third place in the National League West with a 75-87 record, 7 games behind the San Diego Padres.

2006 San Francisco Giants season

The 2006 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 124th year in Major League Baseball, their 49th year in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their sixth at AT&T Park. The team finished in third place in the National League West with a 76-85 record, 11½ games behind the San Diego Padres.

2007–08 Venezuelan Professional Baseball League season

The 2007-08 LVBP season.

For the first time in a regular season, Leones, Zulia and Magallanes were eliminated making the first time a Venezuelan Caribbean Series Champion didn't make the postseason. On the other hand, Bravos de Margarita earned a trip to the playoffs after moving from Araure. Omar Vizquel played their last season with the Leones del Caracas.

Bobby Wallace (baseball)

Roderick John "Bobby" Wallace (November 4, 1873 – November 3, 1960) was a Major League Baseball infielder, pitcher, manager, umpire, and scout.

Chico Carrasquel

Alfonso Carrasquel Colón, better known as Chico Carrasquel (January 23, 1926 – May 26, 2005), was a Venezuelan professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a shortstop for the Chicago White Sox (1950–1955), Cleveland Indians (1956–1958), Kansas City Athletics (1958) and the Baltimore Orioles (1959). Carrasquel was the first in a long line of Major League shortstops from Venezuela including, Luis Aparicio, Dave Concepción, Ozzie Guillén and Omar Vizquel among others. He was notable for his excellent defensive abilities and for being the first Latin American in MLB history to start in an All-Star Game.

Cleveland Indians award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Cleveland Indians professional baseball team.

José Del Vecchio

José Del Vecchio Pasquali [en: del-vec'-keo / pascoal'-ee] (May 3, 1917 – May 27, 1990) was a Venezuelan doctor, journalist, and baseball promoter.Throughout his life, Del Vecchio shared his practice of medicine with the sport, giving impetus to college sports activities, especially baseball, being an advocate for young people so they could also enjoy the sport that he grew up with and loved.

Born in Charallave, Miranda, Del Vecchio was the son of Clemente Del Vecchio, Italian merchant, and Enriqueta Pasquali, of Italian-Venezuelan origin. After attending primary school in his hometown, he moved with his parents to Caracas, where he attended high school and entered the Central University of Venezuela. After graduating as a surgeon in 1943, he specialized in cardiology and hospital administration, serving as a physician in the Venezuelan oil industry from 1945 through 1988.In 1962 Del Vecchio created, along with former ballplayer Luis Zuloaga, the corporation Criollitos de Venezuela; a baseball development program committed to preparing of all social classes and backgrounds with the skills necessary to succeed in life and become responsible, productive citizens in their community.For over half a century, this corporation has been a renowned source not only of professional players who have shown their skills in Major League Baseball, among others Bobby Abreu, Bo Díaz, Andrés Galarraga, Freddy García, Pablo Sandoval, Luis Sojo and Omar Vizquel, but also of prominent citizens in different fields of national development.During his tenure with the Criollitos, Del Vecchio covered roles of manager, coach, scorekeeper and groundskeeper. He also offered free medical services to all members of the corporation and was its president from its founding until 1977. In the same year, he was appointed by the International Amateur Baseball Association as a chairman commissioner for the development of youth baseball worldwide.In addition, Del Vecchio served as advisor and consultant to the Venezuelan organizing committee of the IX Pan American Games held in Caracas in 1983, and was included in the Venezuelan National Sports Council in 1989. He also collaborated with the newspaper El Universal, where he published the results of his researches related to sports medicine, a specialty in which he became a pioneer in organizing programs and courses.Del Vecchio died in 1990 in Caracas, at the age of 73, due to natural causes. In 2005, he was enshrined in the Venezuelan Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum as part of their second class.

List of Gold Glove Award winners at shortstop

The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball players judged to have exhibited superior individual fielding performances at each fielding position in both the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league. Managers are not permitted to vote for their own players. Eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year (with the exception of 1957, 1985, 2007, and 2018), one at each of the nine positions in each league. In 1957, the baseball glove manufacturer Rawlings created the Gold Glove Award to commemorate the best fielding performance at each position. The award was created from a glove made from gold lamé-tanned leather and affixed to a walnut base. Initially, only one Gold Glove per position was awarded to the top fielder at each position in the entire league; however, separate awards were given for the National and American Leagues beginning in 1958.Ozzie Smith, known as "the Wizard of Oz", has won the most Gold Glove Awards at shortstop; he captured 13 awards in his 19 seasons with the St. Louis Cardinals. Omar Vizquel is second among shortstops with 11 wins; he won two with the San Francisco Giants in the National League after winning nine with the Seattle Mariners and the Cleveland Indians in the American League. Luis Aparicio won nine times at shortstop for the third-highest total, followed by Mark Belanger with eight wins. Dave Concepción and Derek Jeter have won five awards; four-time winners at shortstop include Tony Fernández and Alan Trammell. Hall of Famers who have won Gold Glove Awards at shortstop include Smith, Aparicio, Ernie Banks, Robin Yount, Barry Larkin and Cal Ripken, Jr., whose 2,632 consecutive games played earned him his "Iron Man" nickname.Vizquel made the fewest errors during a shortstop's winning season, with three in 2000; his .995 fielding percentage that season leads American League and major league shortstops, and his 2006 total of four errors is tied for the National League lead with Rey Ordóñez (1999). Ordóñez' .994 fielding percentage in 1999 leads National Leaguers in that category. Aparicio leads winners in putouts, with 305 in 1960; Concepción (1976) and Smith (1983) are tied for the National League lead with 304. Smith's 621 assists are best among all shortstops, and Belanger (552 assists in 1974) is the American League leader. Gene Alley turned 128 double plays in 1966 to lead winners in that category; Ripken leads American Leaguers, with 119 turned in 1992.

List of Major League Baseball career assists leaders

In baseball, an assist (denoted by A) is a defensive statistic, baseball being one of the few sports in which the defensive team controls the ball. An assist is credited to every defensive player who fields or touches the ball (after it has been hit by the batter) prior to the recording of a putout, even if the contact was unintentional. For example, if a ball strikes a player's leg and bounces off him to another fielder, who tags the baserunner, the first player is credited with an assist. A fielder can receive a maximum of one assist per out recorded. An assist is also credited if a putout would have occurred, had another fielder not committed an error. For example, a shortstop might field a ground ball cleanly, but the first baseman might drop his throw. In this case, an error would be charged to the first baseman, and the shortstop would be credited with an assist.

Rabbit Maranville is the all-time leader with 8,967 career assists. Ozzie Smith (8,375), Cal Ripken Jr. (8,214), Bill Dahlen (8,138), Omar Vizquel (8,050), and Luis Aparicio (8,016) are the only other players to record more than 8,000 career assists.

Luis Aparicio

Luis Ernesto Aparicio Montiel (born April 29, 1934), nicknamed "Little Louie" is a former professional baseball player who was a Major League Baseball (MLB shortstop from 1956 to 1973, most notably for the Chicago White Sox. He became known for his exceptional fielding and base stealing skills,and is the first Venezuelan player to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.Aparicio won the American League (AL) Rookie of the Year Award in 1956. He helped the "Go-Go" White Sox win the American League Pennant championship in 1959 and was the AL Most Valuable Player (MVP) runner-up that season (he led the AL in stolen bases, putouts, assists, and fielding as shortstop). He was an AL All-Star for ten seasons, an AL stolen base leader for 9 consecutive seasons, and an AL Gold Glove winner for 9 seasons.MLB legend Ted Williams called Aparicio "the best shortstop he had ever seen". He was nominated for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team (one-hundred greatest players) in 1999.

Marty Martínez

Orlando Martínez Oliva (August 23, 1941 – March 8, 2007) was a utility player, manager, coach and scout in Major League Baseball. Listed at 6' 0" [1.83 m], 170 lb. [77 k], Martínez was a switch-hitter and threw right-handed.

Born in Havana, Cuba, Martínez was nicknamed Marty by fans and teammates. He never hit a home run in 945 major-league career at-bats, but did everything a player was asked to do. Martínez appeared at shortstop in 157 games, and also played at first (5), second (59), and third bases (74); caught (30), and made a relief appearance. Nevertheless, he is best remembered as the man who scouted and signed Edgar Martínez and Omar Vizquel, among other distinguished players.

Signed by the Washington Senators as an amateur free agent in 1960, Martínez reached the majors in 1962 with the Minnesota Twins, spending one year with them before moving to the Atlanta Braves (1967–1968), Houston Astros (1969–1971), St. Louis Cardinals (1972), Oakland Athletics (1972) and Texas Rangers (1972). In 1968 with Atlanta, he appeared in a career-high 113 games. In 1969, he hit a career-high .308 in 78 games for Houston as a backup catcher for Johnny Edwards and also played six different positions. He also spent playing time with the Cardinals, Athletics and Rangers in 1972, his last major league season.

In part of seven seasons, Martínez was a .243 hitter with 57 RBI and 97 runs in 436 games, including 230 hits, 19 doubles, 11 triples and seven stolen bases.

Following his majors career, Martínez played and managed for the Tulsa Drillers, Texas Rangers Double-A affiliate. He managed the Drillers in 1977 and 1978 and led the team to a Texas League first-half title in 1977. After that, he spent more than a decade in the Seattle Mariners organization as a coach on the staffs of Del Crandall, Chuck Cottier and Bill Plummer (1983–86; 1992), serving as the Mariners interim manager in the 1986 season. As a Mariners instructor, he nurtured and molded a whole generations of Seattle infielders, including the aforementioned Vizquel and Martínez, as well as Harold Reynolds and Spike Owen.

After retiring from baseball, Martínez was still trying to help the young people out and do things in baseball. He moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma, in addition to maintaining a home in the Dominican Republic, where he died of a heart attack at the age of 65.

Rawlings Gold Glove Award

The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as simply the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball players judged to have exhibited superior individual fielding performances at each fielding position in both the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league. It is also awarded to women fastpitch softball players in the National Pro Fastpitch as of 2016. Managers are not permitted to vote for their own players. Additionally, a sabermetric component provided by Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) accounts for approximately 25 percent of the vote. Eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year (with the exception of 1957, 1985, 2007, and 2018), one at each of the nine positions in each league. In 1957, the baseball glove manufacturer Rawlings created the Gold Glove Award to commemorate the best fielding performance at each position. The award was created from a glove made from gold lamé-tanned leather and affixed to a walnut base. Initially, only one Gold Glove per position was awarded to the top fielder at each position in Major League Baseball; however, separate awards were given for the National and American Leagues beginning in 1958.


Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball or softball fielding position between second and third base, which is considered to be among the most demanding defensive positions. Historically the position was assigned to defensive specialists who were typically poor at batting and were often placed at the bottom of the batting order. Today shortstops are often able to hit well and many are placed at the top of the lineup. In the numbering system used by scorers to record defensive plays, the shortstop is assigned the number 6.

More hit balls go to the shortstop than to any other position, as there are more right-handed hitters in baseball than left-handed hitters, and most hitters have a tendency to pull the ball slightly. Like a second baseman, a shortstop must be agile, for example when performing a 4-6-3 double play. Also, like a third baseman, the shortstop fields balls hit to the left side of the infield, where a strong arm is needed to throw out a batter-runner before they reach the safety of first base.

Willie Mac Award

The Willie Mac Award is named in honor of Willie McCovey. It has been presented annually since 1980 to the most inspirational player on the San Francisco Giants, as voted upon by Giants players, coaches, training staff, and more recently, Giants fans. McCovey personally presented the winner with the award in a pregame ceremony at AT&T Park near the conclusion of each season until his death on October 31, 2018.

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