Olympia, Washington

Olympia is the capital of the U.S. state of Washington and the county seat of Thurston County.[6] European settlers claimed the area in 1846, with the Treaty of Medicine Creek initiated in 1854, and the Treaty of Olympia initiated in January 1856.[7]

Olympia was incorporated as a town on January 28, 1859, and as a City in 1882.[8] The population was 46,479 as of the 2010 census, making it the 24th largest city in the state. The city borders Lacey to the east and Tumwater to the south. Olympia is a cultural center of the southern Puget Sound region. Olympia is located 60 miles (100 km) southwest of Seattle, the largest city in the state of Washington.

Olympia
City of Olympia
(From top) Old Capitol Building, East Olympia, Interstate 5 at the junction of U.S. Route 101, Port of Olympia, Downtown from Capitol Lake, Washington State Capitol, Salmon sculpture, Mount Rainier, Olympic Mountains and Swantown Marina, Percival Landing Park.
(From top) Old Capitol Building, East Olympia, Interstate 5 at the junction of U.S. Route 101, Port of Olympia, Downtown from Capitol Lake, Washington State Capitol, Salmon sculpture, Mount Rainier, Olympic Mountains and Swantown Marina, Percival Landing Park.
Nickname(s): 
Oly
Thurston County Washington Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Olympia Highlighted
Olympia is located in Washington (state)
Olympia
Olympia
Olympia is located in the United States
Olympia
Olympia
Olympia (the United States)
Olympia is located in North America
Olympia
Olympia
Olympia (North America)
Coordinates: 47°2′33″N 122°53′35″W / 47.04250°N 122.89306°WCoordinates: 47°2′33″N 122°53′35″W / 47.04250°N 122.89306°W
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyThurston
IncorporatedJanuary 28, 1859
Named forOlympic Mountains
Government
 • TypeCouncil/City Manager
 • MayorCheryl Selby (D)
Area
 • City20.09 sq mi (52.04 km2)
 • Land18.24 sq mi (47.23 km2)
 • Water1.86 sq mi (4.81 km2)
Elevation
95 ft (29 m)
Population
 • City46,478
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
52,555
 • RankUS: 741st
WA: 23rd
 • Density2,830.06/sq mi (1,092.67/km2)
 • Urban
176,617 (US: 195th)
 • Metro
286,419 (US: 169th
Demonym(s)Olympian
Time zonePacific
 • Summer (DST)Pacific
ZIP codes
98501-98599
Area code(s)360
FIPS code53-51300
GNIS feature ID1533353[5]
Websitewww.olympiawa.gov

History

Olympia old cap aug 05
Old State Capitol Building and Sylvester Park

The site of Olympia has been home to Lushootseed-speaking peoples known as the Steh-Chass (or Stehchass; who became part of the post-treaty Squaxin Island Tribe) for thousands of years. Other Native Americans regularly visited the head of Budd Inlet and the Steh-Chass including the other ancestor tribes of the Squaxin, as well as the Nisqually, Puyallup, Chehalis, Suquamish, and Duwamish. The first recorded Europeans came to Olympia in 1792. Peter Puget and a crew from the British Vancouver Expedition are said to have explored the site, but neither recorded any encounters with the resident Indigenous population here. In 1846, Edmund Sylvester and Levi Smith jointly claimed the land that now comprises downtown Olympia. In 1851, the U.S. Congress established the Customs District of Puget Sound for Washington Territory and Olympia became the home of the customs house. Its population steadily expanded from Oregon Trail immigrants. In 1850, the town settled on the name Olympia, at the suggestion of local resident Colonel Isaac N. Ebey,[9] due to its view of the Olympic Mountains to the Northwest. The area began to be served by a small fleet of steamboats known as the Puget Sound Mosquito Fleet.

Over the course of two days, December 24–26, 1854, Governor Isaac I. Stevens negotiated the Treaty of Medicine Creek with the representatives of the Nisqually, Puyallup, Squawksin, Steh'Chass, Noo-Seh-Chatl, Squi-Aitl, T'Peeksin, Sah-Heh-Wa-Mish, and S'Hotl-Ma-Mish tribes. Stevens' treaty included the preservation of Indigenous fishing, hunting, gathering and other rights. It also included a section which, at least as interpreted by United States officials, required the Native American signatories to move to one of three reservations. Doing so would effectively force the Nisqually people to cede their prime farming and living space. One of the leaders of the Nisqually, Chief Leschi, outraged, refused to give up ownership of this land and instead fought for his peoples' right to their territory, sparking the beginning of the Puget Sound War. The war ended in the controversial execution of Leschi.

In 1896, Olympia became the home of the Olympia Brewing Company, which brewed Olympia Beer until 2003.

The 1949 Olympia earthquake damaged many historic buildings beyond repair, and they were demolished. Parts of the city also suffered damage from earthquakes in 1965 and 2001.

Recent mayors

Mayor[10] From To
David Skramstad September 1982 December 1985
William Daley January 1986 December 1987
Holly Gadbaw January 1988 December 1989
Rex Derr January 1990 December 1991
David Skramstad January 1992 December 1993
Bob Jacobs January 1994 December 1999
Stan Biles January 2000 December 2003
Mark Foutch January 2004 December 2007
Doug Mah January 2008 December 2011
Stephen Buxbaum January 2012 December 2015
Cheryl Selby January 2016 present

Geography and climate

Olympia Washington
Astronaut Photography of Olympia Washington taken from the International Space Station (ISS)

Olympia is located at 47°2′33″N 122°53′35″W / 47.04250°N 122.89306°W (47.042418, −122.893077).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.68 square miles (50.97 km2), of which 17.82 sq mi (46.15 km2) are land and 1.86 sq mi (4.82 km2) are water.[12]

The city of Olympia is located at the southern end of Puget Sound on Budd Inlet. The Deschutes River estuary was dammed in 1951 to create Capitol Lake. Much of the lower area of downtown Olympia sits on reclaimed land. The cities of Lacey and Tumwater border Olympia.

The region surrounding Olympia has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb), whereas the local microclimate has dry summers and cool July and August overnight lows. It is part of USDA Hardiness zone 8a, with isolated pockets around Puget Sound falling under zone 8b.[13] Most of western Washington's weather is brought in by weather systems that form near the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. It contains cold moist air, which brings western Washington cold rain, cloudiness, and fog. November through January are Olympia's rainiest months. City streets, creeks, and rivers can flood during the months of November through February. The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 38.4 °F (3.6 °C) in December to 64.1 °F (17.8 °C) in August. Seasonal snowfall for 1981–2010 averaged 10.8 inches (27.4 cm)[14] but has historically ranged from trace amounts in 1991–92 to 81.5 in (207 cm) in 1968–69.[14]

Olympia averages 50 inches (1,270 mm) of precipitation annually and has a year-round average of 75% cloud cover. Annual precipitation has ranged from 29.92 in (760 mm) in 1952 to 66.71 in (1,694 mm) in 1950; for water year (October 1 – September 30) precipitation, the range is 32.71 in (831 mm) in 2000–01 to 72.57 in (1,843 mm) in 1998–99.[14] With a period of record dating back to 1948, extreme temperatures have ranged from −8 °F (−22 °C) on January 1, 1979, up to 104 °F (40 °C), most recently on July 29, 2009; the record cold daily maximum is 18 °F (−8 °C) on January 31, 1950, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum is 69 °F (21 °C) on July 22, 2006.[14] On average, there are 6.3 days annually with temperatures reaching 90 °F (32 °C), 1.8 days where the temperature stays at or below freezing all day, and 78 nights where the low reaches the freezing mark.[14] The average window for freezing temperatures is October 8 through May 3, allowing a growing season of 157 days, nearly 100 days shorter than in nearby Seattle.[14]

Parks

Olympia has a wide array of public parks and nature conservation areas. The Woodard Bay Natural Resources Conservation Area is a 600-acre (2.4 km2) parcel that preserves more than 5 miles (8.0 km) of Puget Sound waterfront along the Woodard and Chapman Bays of the Henderson Inlet. Percival Landing Park includes 0.9 miles (1.4 km) of boardwalk along Budd Inlet, as well as a playground, picnic areas, and a large open space. Percival Landing closed in 2010 for an extensive remodel after saltwater degradation and opened again to the public in the summer of 2011. The Watershed Park is the site of the former waterworks for the city and today has a loop trail with a large second-growth forest. Other parks include Priest Point Park, Burfoot Park, Sunrise Park, and Yauger Park, which is home to one of Olympia's public skate parks, including Friendly Grove, which is nestled in a small Eastside Community, and Trillium Park, which was created by the efforts of adjoining neighborhood associations with the easement of private property. The Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is located just outside Olympia, as is the Capitol State Forest.

Artesian water

Olympia was historically dependent on artesian waters. Early settlers in Swantown and Tumwater used artesian springs for their main water supply. The artesian spring at Fourth Avenue and Main Street (now called Capitol Way) was the main community well where settlers, as well as the local Steh-Chass and visiting Native Americans, gathered to socialize. Settler accounts recall paying Native Americans to collect water here. The artesian well at Artesian Commons park, a former parking lot, is active.[17] Another still flows at the corner of Olympia Avenue and Washington Street. A small park was constructed around another spring in the Bigelow Neighborhood.[18] The northeast end of Capitol Lake was the location of an artesian well until the construction of a new park that included changes to the shoreline. McAllister Springs, the main water source for Olympia, is fed by artesian wells, and the former Olympia Brewery is supplied by 26 artesian wells.

Efforts to protect and preserve the free flowing artesian well on 4th Ave in downtown Olympia began in 1991 when Jim Ingersoll, a local psychologist, called on the city council to acquire the well and develop it as a community park. Ingersoll's interest in the well started in a conversation with Dick Batdorf, co-founder of Batdorf & Bronson coffee roasting. Batdorf told Ingersoll that the secret to great coffee was great water – specifically artesian water. Subsequently, Ingersoll met at the Spar restaurant with Herb Legg and John Robinson both of whom had worked in the 1950s and 60s to protect the artesian wells in Watershed Park. Legg and Robinson worked behind the scenes to get an article published in the Olympian on February 24, 1992, calling for community support of the well. Ingersoll was flooded with phone calls offering time, talent, resources and money following the publication. Herb Legg and friends sponsored a public meeting at the Library where more than 50 people each donated $50. And a single $3000 donation followed the next day.

With hundreds of people using the well every day, community support grew to become "The Friends of Artesians", an informal organization of advocates who over the course of 20 years mapped and researched the history of artesian wells in Olympia, raised money to test water quality and make improvements to the site and kept the vision of a free flowing community well alive. In the fall of 2008, The Friends announced they would stop testing the water quality after February 2009. These actions renewed interest in protecting the well and lead to the creation of H2Olympia, a non-profit organization.[19]

In downtown Olympia, efforts to preserve the use of artesian water at the one remaining public well has been the mission of H2Olympia: Artesian Well Advocates. In 2011, the city of Olympia committed $50,000 towards improvements of an artesian well, located in a parking lot that was purchased by the city the same year.[20] Renovations at the artesian well were completed in late 2011, including surface improvements, solar lighting, and a raised area to fill bottles. In spring of 2012, sea-themed mosaic artwork created by community members was also installed at the site of the well.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,203
18801,2322.4%
18904,698281.3%
19003,863−17.8%
19106,99681.1%
19207,79511.4%
193011,73350.5%
194013,25413.0%
195015,81919.4%
196018,27315.5%
197023,29627.5%
198027,44717.8%
199033,84023.3%
200042,51425.6%
201046,4789.3%
Est. 201852,555[4]13.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
2018 Estimate[22]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 46,478 people, 20,761 households, and 10,672 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,608.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,007.0/km2). There were 22,086 housing units at an average density of 1,239.4 per square mile (478.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.7% White, 2.0% African American, 1.1% Native American, 6.0% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.3% of the population.

There were 20,761 households of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.6% were other families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.5% were from 25 to 44; 26.7% were from 45 to 64; and 13.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 42,514 people, 18,670 households, and 9,968 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,544.4 people per square mile (982.3/km2). There were 19,738 housing units at an average density of 1,181.3 per square mile (456.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.3% White, 1.9% African American, 1.3% Native American, 5.8% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.4% of the population. 15.0% were of German, 11.3% Irish, 10.0% English, 6.0% Norwegian and 5.3% American ancestry. The validity of ancestrally European peoples' self-identification as "American" is debated, due to the fact that those with legitimate American ancestry are indeed Native Americans. Despite this fact, an increasing number of Americans identify solely as having "American" ancestry in nation-wide census reports. 91.6% spoke English, 2.9% Spanish and 1.7% Vietnamese as their first language.

There were 18,670 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,846, and the median income for a family was $54,136. Males had a median income of $41,267 versus $31,515 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,590. About 6.9% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Schools and universities

Olympia's main public school district is the Olympia School District. Olympia School District enrolled 9,231 students in K-12, based on the 2005–06 school year enrollment report. The school district has a total of 18 schools: 11 elementary schools, 4 middle schools and 3 high schools. Its high schools are Olympia High School (originally known as William Winlock Miller High School), Capital High School, and Avanti High School.

In the 2007–2008 school year, Olympia began the new Parent Partnership Program, which provides more opportunities to homeschooling families. Olympia's online high school, Olympia Regional Learning Academy (ORLA), is also part of the same program. Private elementary schools include Olympia Waldorf School, Olympia Community School, St. Michael School, Holy Family, and Evergreen Christian. Private middle schools include Olympia Waldorf School and NOVA School.

In addition to primary & secondary schools, Olympia has a number of institutions of higher learning, including The Evergreen State College, South Puget Sound Community College, and Saint Martin's University. The Evergreen State College (TESC) offers bachelor's degrees in Liberal Arts and/or Science, and master's degrees in Environmental Studies, Public Administration, Masters of Education, and Masters in Teaching. The South Puget Sound Community College (SPSCC) offers associate degrees in Arts, Science, Biology, Elementary Education, Pre-Nursing, Applied Science, General Studies, and Business. Saint Martin's University (SMU) offers bachelor's degrees for 25 majors spanning liberal arts, business, education, nursing and engineering as well as graduate programs including Master of Business Administration, Master in Teaching, Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology, Master of Civil Engineering, Master of Mechanical Engineering, and Master of Engineering Management.

Economy

According to Olympia's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[23] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 State of Washington 20,000–25,000
2 Local government 10,000–15,000
3 Providence St. Peter Hospital 1,000–5,000
4 Tribal government 1,000–5,000
5 Federal government 500-1,000
6 Kaiser Permanente 500-1,000
7 Walmart 500-1,000
8 Great Wolf Resorts 500-1,000
9 Capital Medical Center 100–500
10 Saint Martin's University 100–500

Arts

Olympia is a regional center for fine arts. A number of theatrical experiences are available with companies such as Animal Fire Theater, Olympia Family Theater, Theater Artists Olympia (TAO), Olympia Little Theater, and Harlequin Productions at the historic State Theater. The Olympia Symphony Orchestra performs five regular season concerts at the Washington Center and two pop concerts. The Masterworks Chorale Ensemble performs four regular season concerts at the Washington Center for the Performing Arts.

Visual art venues include some of the local coffeehouses, Olympia Coffee Roasting Co., Batdorf & Bronson, and Burial Grounds in downtown. Art House Designs is an art gallery that also hosts a jazz performance space. Murals and public art installations of sculpture are prevalent in Olympia and are especially featured on the State Capitol Campus and along Percival Landing on the urban waterfront. The Washington Center for the Performing Arts also presents visual art exhibitions throughout the season in the spacious lobby areas.

Notable art venues near Olympia include Art in Ecology, housed in Washington Department of Ecology's 322,000-square-foot, three-story building on the campus of Saint Martin's University. Art in Ecology is a long-established art-in-the-workplace venue that has works by numerous northwest artists. Permanent installations by Alfredo Arreguin, commissioned by the Washington State Arts Commission, are accompanied by changing solo and group exhibitions throughout the year. Appointments to view the works are needed; tours take about an hour.

The South Puget Sound Community College has a gallery in its Minnaert Center with rotating exhibitions. The Evergreen State College, northwest of Olympia, has a professionally curated gallery with rotating shows in the Dan Evans Library building. To the south of Olympia, Monarch Contemporary Art Center and Sculpture Park offers an 80-acre sculpture garden and art gallery.

Each year, the Olympia Film Society (OFS) produces a film festival and fosters film and video education in Olympia. It also shows independent, classic, and international films year-round at the art-deco Capitol Theater. A mostly volunteer-powered organization, OFS supports and presents a variety of cultural events, including All Freakin' Night, an all-night horror film screening with a cult following.

On the fourth Saturday in April, in honor of Earth Day, Olympia is host to one of the region's largest community celebrations – the Procession of the Species. Held in conjunction with the city's biannual Arts Walk, the Procession is organized by the community-based non-profit organization, Earthbound Productions, and is the culmination of an annual Community Art Studio that is free and open to the public.[24] In its July 2009 Best of America feature, Reader's Digest magazine honored the Procession of the Species with the top spot in its “can’t resist” parades and processions list.[25][26] Open to all, the Procession of the Species attracts up to 30,000 viewers, while its costumed participants of all ages frequently number nearly 3,000. On the Friday evening before the Procession of Species, a Luminary Procession is held.

Sports

In 1984, Olympia hosted the U.S. Olympic women's marathon trial. The winner of the event was Joan Benoit who would later win a gold medal at the first women's Olympic marathon at the 1984 Summer Olympic games in Los Angeles.

Olympia is the home of the Oly Rollers, the local women's flat track roller derby league whose travel team (the Cosa Nostra Donnas) became the 2009 national champions of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA) by winning the national "Declaration of Derby" tournament in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on November 15, 2009.[27]

Transportation

Intercity Transit 902
Intercity Transit Bus 920 on Route 12 to downtown Olympia, Washington.

Rail

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system provides service to Olympia-Lacey at Centennial Station. Amtrak train 11, the southbound Coast Starlight, departs Olympia at 11:21am with service to Centralia; Portland; Sacramento; Emeryville, California (with bus connection to San Francisco); and Los Angeles. Amtrak train 14, the northbound Coast Starlight, departs Olympia at 6:22pm daily with service to Tacoma and Seattle. Amtrak Cascades trains, operating as far north as Vancouver and as far south as Eugene, Oregon, serve Olympia-Lacey several times daily in both directions.

Bus

Olympia, Lacey, Tumwater, and the surrounding area are primarily served by Intercity Transit, with connections to Grays Harbor Transit, Mason Transit Authority, Pierce Transit, and Sound Transit. Intercity Transit maintains a free shuttle route called "Dash".[28] Dash runs from the Capitol Campus to the Farmers Market at the far edge of downtown. Intercity Transit's Olympia Express provides service to Lakewood and Tacoma, with connections to regional bus and commuter rail service.[29] In 2009 Intercity Transit won an award for America's best Public Transportation System in the midsize category by the American Public Transportation Association. The fleet runs entirely on biodiesel fuel and is composed of about 20% biodiesel-electric hybrid buses.[30]

Airport

The Olympia Regional Airport, operated by the Port of Olympia is located just south of Olympia in Tumwater. It serves general aviation as well as corporate aviation. The airport plays host to the Olympic AirShow, a moderate-sized airshow that occurs on Father's Day weekend each year.[31]

Media

The Olympian is the local daily newspaper. The Weekly Volcano has covered Olympia entertainment since 2001. The statewide government channel TVW is based in Olympia. Olympia has had a Public, Educational and Government access television station since 1983, called Thurston Community Media.

In 2012 NorthAmericaTalk.com, an online aggregate for local community news including ThurstonTalk.com, was established with headquarters located in Olympia. Olympia Power and Light is a bi-weekly independent newspaper, while Works in Progress is published monthly, and ThurstonNewsWeather.com covers local crime and emergency radio scanner information.

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Olympia is twinned with:

There were previous agreements with Olympia, Greece and Samarkand, Uzbekistan but these are no longer in effect.[42]

See also

Olympaaug05 v2
View from Tumwater Hill

Notes

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.

References

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  3. ^ "National 2010 urban area file containing a list of all urbanized areas and urban clusters (including Puerto Rico and the Island Areas) sorted by UACE code". United States Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original (TXT) on May 16, 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "The Treaty of Olympia, Jan. 6, 1856" (PDF). nwifc.org. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  8. ^ "Olympia's Leadership". http://olympiawa.gov/. January 2, 2018. Retrieved August 21, 2018. External link in |website= (help)
  9. ^ "History of Olympia, Washington". olympiawa.gov. July 27, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  10. ^ City of Olympia – Elected Officials Chronology Archived October 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved September 16, 2012
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  13. ^ "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2014-06-01.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  15. ^ "Station Name: WA OLYMPIA AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  16. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for OLYMPIA, WA 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  17. ^ City of Olympia. "Real Estate Purchase and Sale Agreement for Acquisition of Diamond Parking Lot, June 2010" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 21, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
  18. ^ http://olympiawa.gov/community/parks/parks-and-trails/bigelow-springs.aspx
  19. ^ "Friends of Artesians: Homepage".
  20. ^ Matt Batcheldor. "City of Olympia Will Protect, Improve Artesian Well". Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  21. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  22. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  23. ^ City of Olympia CAFR
  24. ^ About the Community Art Studio — Official Website of the Procession of the Species. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
  25. ^ Procession of the Species tops Readers Digest list — June 22, 2009. The Olympian. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
  26. ^ 8 People, Places and Things We Love About America — Reader's Digest Website. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
  27. ^ Feelgood, Justice (2009-11-22). "Derbynewsnetwork.com". Derbynewsnetwork.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-18. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
  28. ^ Dash Archived April 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ "603, 605, 609, & 612 Weekdays Northbound". Intercitytransit.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-24. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
  30. ^  . "More Hybrid Buses Rolling this Summer". Intercitytransit.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-24. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
  31. ^ "The Olympic Airshow: Come and see the Olympic Airshow at the Olympia Regional Airport!". Olympicflightmuseum.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
  32. ^ "Kasey Keller". mlssoccer.com. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  33. ^ "Bikini Kill Biography". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
  34. ^ "Calvin Johnson (musician)". Olympia Power & Light. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  35. ^ Monica Guzman (December 19, 2007). "Olympia singer Kimya Dawson featured on "Juno" soundtrack". blog.seattlepi.com/. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  36. ^ "Scott LaValla". USA Rugby. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  37. ^ "Nikki McClure". nikkimcclure.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-31. Retrieved 2016-01-11.
  38. ^ "Bio – Jim Lynch". www.jimlynchbooks.com. Retrieved 2016-01-11.
  39. ^ "Kurt Cobain Apartment". olympiahistory.org. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
  40. ^ List of twin towns and sister cities in the State of Palestine
  41. ^ "Nanchang City and Sister Cities Intercommunion". Nanchang Municipal Party Committee of the CPC and Nanchang Municipal Government. Nanchang Economic Information Center. Archived from the original on 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  42. ^ Information on Olympia's former sister cities

External links

Bikini Kill

Bikini Kill is an American punk rock band formed in Olympia, Washington, in October 1990. The group consists of singer and songwriter Kathleen Hanna, guitarist Billy Karren, bassist Kathi Wilcox, and drummer Tobi Vail. The band is widely considered to be the pioneer of the riot grrrl movement, and was known for its radical feminist lyrics and fiery performances. Their music is characteristically abrasive and hardcore-influenced. After two full-length albums, several EPs and two compilations, they disbanded in 1997. The band reunited for a tour in 2019.

Capital City Pride

Capital City Pride in Olympia, Washington is a non-profit organization that hosts a season of events culminating with the two-day Capital City Pride festival, and a parade. The festival celebrates the region's LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender) community. The Pride festival is held at Sylvester Park in downtown Olympia. Traditionally, The Capital City Pride parade and festival was held on a Saturday, but was moved to Sunday in 2007. In 2010, the festival grew to two full days.

Capital City Pride began as a grass roots organization in 1991. By 2000, it began to operate under the auspices of the Olympia Rainbow Center while operating as an independent group with a committee and elected officers. The organization expanded their marketing and sponsorship work in 2007 and 2008.

The Olympia Pride festival and rally are hosted to celebrate the LGBT communities; to honor civil rights gains in the past year and to highlight youth activists and honor long-time activists for their commitments. Entertainment and the pride parade are highlights of the day. The Olympia Pride festival has grown over the years and now approximately 12,000 to 15,000 people attend the contemporary pride festivals. The festival is funded through private fundraising and sponsorship, grants and tourism promotion funds.

The organization annual budget is approximately $40,000.

Capital High School (Olympia, Washington)

Capital High School (CHS), commonly referred to as Capital, is a public high school in Olympia, Washington, United States. It is one of two comprehensive high schools in the Olympia School District. Capital is located on Olympia's Westside, and serves the entire northwest corner of Thurston County. High School students from the Olympia School District and Griffin School District attend Capital.

Evergreen State College

The Evergreen State College is a public liberal arts college in Olympia, Washington. Founded in 1967, Evergreen offers a non-traditional undergraduate curriculum in which students design their own paths of study. Full-time students enroll in interdisciplinary academic programs instead of classes. Programs typically offer students the opportunity to study several disciplines in a coordinated manner. Faculty write narrative evaluations of students' work in place of issuing grades.

Evergreen's main campus spans 1,000 acres of forest bordering the southernmost waters of Puget Sound, and it also has a satellite campus in nearby Tacoma. The school offers a Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts and Bachelor of Science, Master of Environmental Studies, Master in Teaching, Master of Public Administration, and Master of Public Administration in Tribal Governance. As of 2018, there were 3,327 students, 3,018 of whom were undergraduates, and 223 faculty.Evergreen was one of many alternative colleges and programs launched in the 1960s and 1970s, often described as “experiments.” While the vast majority of these have either closed or adopted more mainstream approaches, Evergreen is one of the few that have remained steadfast in pursuing its original mission.

Gossip (band)

Gossip (or The Gossip) is an American indie rock band that was originally active from 1999 until 2016, formed in Olympia, Washington. For most of their career, the band consisted of singer Beth Ditto, multi-instrumentalist Brace Paine, and drummer Hannah Blilie. After releasing several recordings, the band broke through with their 2006 studio album, Standing in the Way of Control. A follow-up, Music for Men, was released in 2009. The band play a mix of post-punk revival, indie rock, and dance-rock. Their last album, A Joyful Noise, was released in May 2012.

KXXO

KXXO (96.1 FM, "KXXO Mixx 96.1") is a radio station broadcasting an adult contemporary format. Licensed to Olympia, Washington, United States, it serves the Tacoma, Olympia, Puyallup, Centralia, Chehalis, Shelton area. The station is currently owned by 3 Cities.

K Records

K Records is an independent record label in Olympia, Washington founded in 1982. Artists on the label included early releases by Beck, Modest Mouse and Built to Spill. The record label has been called "key to the development of independent music" since the 1980s.The label was founded by Beat Happening frontman Calvin Johnson and managed for many years by Candice Pedersen. Many early releases were on the cassette tape format, making the label one of the longest lasting reflections of the cassette culture of the 1970s and early 1980s. Although itself releasing primarily offbeat pop music and indie rock, the DIY label is regarded as one of the pioneers of riot grrrl movement and the second wave of American punk in the 1990s.

Kill Rock Stars

Kill Rock Stars is an independent record label founded in 1991 by Slim Moon and Tinuviel Sampson, and based in both Olympia, Washington, and Portland, Oregon. The label has released a variety of work in different genres, but was originally known for its commitment to underground punk rock bands and the Olympia area music scene.

Millersylvania State Park

Millersylvania State Park is a public recreation area located on Deep Lake eight miles (13 km) south of Olympia, Washington. The state park's 903 acres (365 ha) include old-growth cedar and fir trees as well as 3,300 feet (1,000 m) of freshwater shoreline. In 2009, the park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in recognition of its well-preserved Civilian Conservation Corps landscape. It is managed by the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission.

Music of Olympia

The Pacific Northwest town of Olympia, Washington, United States, has been a center of post-hardcore, anti-folk, and other youth-oriented musical genres since at least the late 1970s; before that, Olympia's The Fleetwoods enjoyed several Billboard chart successes between 1959-1963. Along with Washington, D.C., Olympia was a center for the riot grrrl movement in the early 1990s, with Bikini Kill and Bratmobile as prominent proponents of the movement.

Olympia is also the home of a number of record labels, including K Records (Beat Happening, Mirah, The Microphones), which was co-founded in 1983, and Kill Rock Stars (founded in 1991 by Slim Moon) (Bikini Kill, Sleater-Kinney, Unwound, Elliott Smith).

The city's historic Capitol Theater was the site of the International Pop Underground Convention, a punk and indie rock music festival in 1991, as well as the similarly-themed Yoyo A Go Go in 1994, 1997, 1999, and 2001.Notable early-period musicians and recording artists included John Foster (John Foster's Pop Philosophers), Lois Maffeo and Steve Fisk (Pell Mell). Beck and Ian Svenonius (of the Make-Up) frequented Olympia in the early 1990s and Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic of Nirvana moved to Olympia from Aberdeen/Hoquiam in the late 1980s/early 1990s before moving on to Seattle and worldwide fame.

The Olympia scene is the subject of the closing song "Rock Star" on the Hole album Live Through This.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Thurston County, Washington

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Thurston County, Washington.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Thurston County, Washington, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in an online map.There are 65 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 18, 2019.

Olympia High School (Olympia, Washington)

Olympia High School (OHS), commonly referred to as Oly, is a public high school in the southeast part of Olympia, Washington along the city's border with Tumwater. As the first of two comprehensive high schools in the Olympia School District, it also is one of the oldest public secondary schools in the state of Washington.

Peter Kennedy (figure skater)

Michael Edward "Peter" Kennedy III (born September 4, 1927) is an American pair skater. Although named Michael, he was nicknamed Peter as a child, and has been credited in competition by both names. With his sister, Karol, he won five U.S. Championship titles from 1948–1952. Known as "The Kennedy Kids," they won the World Championship in 1950, and the silver medal in the 1952 Winter Olympics. He was born in Olympia, Washington.

Sleater-Kinney

Sleater-Kinney ( SLAY-tər-KIN-ee) is an American rock band that formed in Olympia, Washington, in 1994. The band's current lineup features Corin Tucker (vocals and guitar) and Carrie Brownstein (guitar and vocals) following the departure of longtime member Janet Weiss (vocals, drums, and harmonica) in 2019. Sleater-Kinney was influenced by riot grrrl and is a key part of the American indie rock scene. The band is also known for its feminist and left-leaning politics.The band released seven studio albums between 1994 and 2005: Sleater-Kinney (1995), Call the Doctor (1996), Dig Me Out (1997), The Hot Rock (1999), All Hands on the Bad One (2000), One Beat (2002) and The Woods (2005). They went on hiatus in 2006 and devoted themselves to solo projects. They reunited in 2014 and released No Cities to Love on January 20, 2015, and Live in Paris in January 2017.Critics Greil Marcus and Robert Christgau have each praised Sleater-Kinney as one of the essential rock groups of the early 2000s. Marcus named Sleater-Kinney America's best rock band in 2001. Tom Breihan of Stereogum called them the greatest rock band of the past two decades in 2015.

The Olympian

The Olympian is a newspaper based in Olympia, Washington, in the United States.

Thurston County, Washington

Thurston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 252,264. The county seat and largest city is Olympia, the state capital.

Thurston County was created out of Lewis County by the government of Oregon Territory on January 12, 1852. At that time, it covered all of the Puget Sound region and the Olympic Peninsula. On December 22 of the same year, Pierce, King, Island, and Jefferson counties were split off from Thurston County. It is named after Samuel R. Thurston, the Oregon Territory's first delegate to Congress.Thurston County comprises the Olympia-Tumwater, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Seattle-Tacoma, WA Combined Statistical Area.

Washington State Capitol

The Washington State Capitol or Legislative Building in Olympia is the home of the government of the state of Washington. It contains chambers for the Washington State Legislature and offices for the governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state and treasurer and is part of a campus consisting of several buildings. Buildings for the Washington Supreme Court, executive agencies and the Washington Governor's Mansion are part of the capitol campus.

Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission

The Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission (UTC) is a three-member board appointed by the Governor of Washington and confirmed by the Washington State Senate to six-year terms. The purpose of the UTC is to regulate the rates, services, and practices of privately owned utilities and transportation companies, including electric, telecommunications, natural gas, water, and solid waste collection companies, pipelines, commercial ferries, buses, and motor carriers. The UTC is based in Olympia, Washington and employs approximately 150 staff, including attorneys, economists, accountants, and engineers. The agency is primarily an economic regulator; however, the UTC also houses Washington's pipeline safety program which inspects interstate and intrastate hazardous liquid and natural gas pipeline operators as an agent for the federal Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.

Woodard Bay Natural Resources Conservation Area

Woodard Bay Natural Resources Conservation Area is a natural reserve in Olympia, Washington protected under the Washington Natural Areas Program. Once an important processing facility for the logging industry, it has been designated as the Weyerhaeuser South Bay Log Dump Rural Historic Landscape. Today the area is a renowned sanctuary for a variety of birds, harbor seals, river otters, bald eagles, and a colony of bats, as well as serving as an important great blue heron rookery. A recent conservation program in the area between the State of Washington and the Nature Conservancy is the first of its kind in the country.

Climate data for Olympia Regional Airport, Washington (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
73
(23)
79
(26)
88
(31)
96
(36)
98
(37)
104
(40)
104
(40)
98
(37)
90
(32)
74
(23)
64
(18)
104
(40)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 56.2
(13.4)
60.6
(15.9)
67.5
(19.7)
77.0
(25.0)
83.8
(28.8)
88.0
(31.1)
93.4
(34.1)
91.9
(33.3)
86.8
(30.4)
74.0
(23.3)
61.0
(16.1)
55.0
(12.8)
96.3
(35.7)
Average high °F (°C) 45.9
(7.7)
49.3
(9.6)
53.9
(12.2)
58.9
(14.9)
65.3
(18.5)
70.6
(21.4)
76.8
(24.9)
77.7
(25.4)
71.8
(22.1)
60.2
(15.7)
50.2
(10.1)
44.2
(6.8)
60.4
(15.8)
Average low °F (°C) 33.7
(0.9)
32.8
(0.4)
35.1
(1.7)
37.7
(3.2)
43.1
(6.2)
47.6
(8.7)
50.8
(10.4)
50.5
(10.3)
46.0
(7.8)
40.5
(4.7)
36.4
(2.4)
32.6
(0.3)
40.6
(4.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 18.8
(−7.3)
18.6
(−7.4)
23.8
(−4.6)
27.3
(−2.6)
32.1
(0.1)
38.2
(3.4)
42.2
(5.7)
41.1
(5.1)
35.1
(1.7)
27.3
(−2.6)
21.6
(−5.8)
16.8
(−8.4)
11.1
(−11.6)
Record low °F (°C) −8
(−22)
−1
(−18)
9
(−13)
23
(−5)
25
(−4)
30
(−1)
35
(2)
33
(1)
25
(−4)
14
(−10)
−1
(−18)
−7
(−22)
−8
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 7.84
(199)
5.27
(134)
5.29
(134)
3.54
(90)
2.33
(59)
1.76
(45)
0.63
(16)
0.94
(24)
1.71
(43)
4.60
(117)
8.63
(219)
7.46
(189)
50.00
(1,270)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.9
(4.8)
4.7
(12)
0.7
(1.8)
trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.9
(2.3)
2.6
(6.6)
10.8
(27)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 20.0 15.8 18.5 15.7 12.5 9.1 4.6 4.9 7.8 14.2 20.1 19.6 162.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.1 2.2 0.3 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 2.0 6.3
Average relative humidity (%) 87.5 84.5 80.0 75.6 72.9 72.4 70.8 72.1 77.6 85.1 88.4 89.1 79.7
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)[14][15][16]

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